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STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



OF THE 



Legislature of New Jersey 



One Hundred and Forty-Fifth Session. 



1921. 




BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 



13^ 



JOSEPHINE A. Fitzgerald, Publisher. 
John P. Dullard, Compiler. 



Trenton, n. J. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in 1921, by 

JOSEPHINE A. FITZGERALD, 

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C- 



JJ^ The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the work as 
they may desire, on giving credit therefor to the MANUAL. 



STATE GAZETTE PUB. CO., PRINTERS, 
TRENTON, N. J. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Portrait of Governor Edwards Frontispiece 

Notes 1 

Calendar, 1921 3 

Perpetual Calendar 4 

Legal Holidays and Important Dates 5 

State House, Illustration of .• 6 

New Jersey History 7 

Courts, New Jersey, Jurisdiction of 11 

(Governors, List, 1624 to date 19 

Declaration of Independence 23 

Constitution of United States 28 

United States Senators from New Jersey, 1789 to date, 51 

Constitution of New Jersey 52 

State Institutions, Description of 74 

Continental Congress, New Jersey Members 109 

Congressmen from New Jersey, 1789, to March 4th, 

1921 109 

Judiciary, New Jersey Members, 1704 to date 117 

State Officers, List. 1776 to date 121 

Legislatures, Duration of Sessions, 1845 to date 123 

Legislatures, Political Complexion, 1845 to date 125 

Council, Vice Presidents, 1776 to 1844 127 

State Senate Presidents, 1845 to date 128 

State Senate Secretaries, 1845 to date 129 

Assembly Speakers, 1776 to date 13C 

Assembly Clerks, 1845 to date 132 

Republican State Platform, 1920 133 

Democratic State Platform, 1920 141 

Republican and Democratic State Committees 147 

Republican and Democratic County Chairmen 150 

Counties of New Jersey — When and how Created.... 151 

Presidents of United States, 1789 to date 152 

Vice Presidents of United States, 1789 to date 153 

Classification of Counties and Municipalities 154 

Commission (Government Municipalities in New Jersey, 155 

Governor — Powers and Duties 156 

Legislature. Extra Sessions. 1861 to date 158 

Council Members, 1668 to 1703 160 

Council Members, 1703 to 1775 163 

Assembly Members, 1668 to 1703 162 

Assembly Members, 1703 to 1775 165 

Council Presidents and Vice Presidents, 1703 to 1775, 169 

Assembly Speakers. 1703 to 1775 169 

Council Members, 1776 to 1844 170. 

Assembly Members, 1776 to 1844 175 

State Senators. 1845 to 1921 187 

Assembly Members, 1845 to 1920 192 



iii 



iv CONTEXTS. 

PAGE 

Census Tables — 

Counties by Minor Civil Divisions 214 

Incorporated Places in New Jersey 232 

Counties (Totals), 1790 to date 238 

United States, by States and Dependencies 240 

United States, Cities over 25,000 241 

Counties, Area of 239 

Biographies — 

Governor Edward . I. Edwards 248 

United States Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen . . 251 

United States Senator Walter E. Edge 253 

Congressmen from New Jersey (67th. Congress).. 259 

State Senators 269 

Assemblymen 283 

Judiciary 313 

United States OflScers for New Jersey 341 

State Officers and Members and Officers of Boards, 

Commissions, Etc, 343 

Congress, New Jersey Districts. Map 258 

State Senators — When Elected 282 

Newspapers of New Jersey 407 

Reports of State Departments (Abstracts) 422 

School Laws, Synopsis of 433 

Appropriation Laws. Summary, 1896 to date 440 

County Officers. List of (County Directory) 443 

United States Government — 

President, Vice President, Cabinet Officers and Su- 
preme Court 457 

Congress (67th), New Jersey Members 457 

L^nited States Court Officials in New Jersey, List, 

1780 to date 458 

United States Court Officials in New .Jersey, 

Present Officials 459 

Salaries, United States Officials 459 

Courts of New Jersey — Time of Holding 460 

Election Returns- — 

County Tables. 1920 Election 461 

Republican Presidential Primary Vote, 1920 510 

Democratic Presidential Primary Vote, 1920.... 515 

Republican Congressional Primary Vote. 1920.... 519 

Democratic Congressional Primary Vote. 1920. . . . 522 

Congressional Vote, 1920 (Totals for Districts) . . 525 

Average County Vote for President, 1920 528 

Average County Vote for Assembly, 1920 529 

State Bond Issues Vote — 

Soldiers' Bonus 530 

Interstate Bridges and Tunnels 530 

Presidential Vote, 1920. United States, by States 531 

Electoral Vote, 1920, United States, by States 532 

Republican and Democratic Primary Vote for Gover- 
nor, 1919 ■ 533 



CONTENTS. V 

PAGE 

Governor, Vote for, 1919 534 

Electoral Vote of New Jersey, 1789 to date 535 

Popular Vote of New Jersey for President, 1840 to 

date • 536 

Popular Vote of New Jersey for Governor, 1S44 to 

date 537 

State Officers, Present, List of 539 

Boards, Bureaus and Departments, Members and 

Officers 545 

Department Institution and Agencies 556 

Institutions, Members and Officers 556 

Commissions 560 

Salaries, State Officers, Department Heads, Etc 562 

Members and Officers of Legislature 570 

Governor, Appointments for 1921 571 

Governor, Annual Message 575 

Senate Rules 586 

Assembly Rules 597 

Senate and Assembly Joint Rules 608 

State Senate, 1921, Members 609 

Assembly. 1021. Members 609 

State Senate, 1921, Officers 611 

State Senate, 1921, Committees 612 

Assembly, 1921, Officers 613 

Assembly, 1921, Committees 614 

Legislative Correspondents 617 

Index 619 



NOTES. 



The main body of this Manual is made up as of conditions 
prevailing at the time of the organization of the 145th 
Legislature on January 11th, 1921. There are included, 
however, Governor Edwards' annual message to the 1921 
Legislature, a list of the members, oflBcers and committees 
of said Legislature and the rules as adopted by both 
Houses for the 1921 session. 

The 1920 Census figures presented in this volume have 
been furnished by the United States Census Bureau from 
advance proofs and are final, except that the figures giving 
the population of cities in the United States with upwards 
of 25,000 inhabitants are subject to unimportant changes. 
The P'ederal Census figures for 1920 do not become ofllcial 
in New Jersey until promulgated by the Governor in ac- 
cordance with Chapter 151, Laws 1901 (Compiled Statutes, 
vol. 1, page 402, section 22). 

The following table gives the population of the twelve 
Congressional districts in New Jersey according to the 1920 
and 1910 censuses, the figures for what was Pompton Town- 
ship, Passaic County (now divided into three or four mu- 
nicipalities), being estimated for 1920 at 6,000: 

1910 1920 

First District 

Second District 

Third District 

Fourth District 

Fifth District 

Sixth District 

Seventh District 

Eighth District 

Ninth District 

Tenth District 

Eleventh District 

Twelfth District 



Since the opening of the 1921 Legislature, and up to 
February 15th, Governor Edwards has sent to the Senate 
the following nominations : 

January 11th. Board of Public Utility Commission — 
Arthur A. Quinn, Perth Amboy ; Walter F. Whittemore, 
Newton ; Ti-eadwell Cleveland, Newark ; James A. C. John- 
son, Englewood ; James A. Hammill, Jersey City. 



206,396 


275,304 


213,357 


246,492 


230,478 


289,414 


198,046 


240,757 


214,901 


282,851 


213,981 


286,665 


209,891 


253,174 


207,647 


276,612 


213,027 


261,313 


206,693 


275,613 


199,612 


228,615 


223,138 


239,090 


2,537,167 


3,155,900 



2 NOTES. 

January ITth. Commissioner of Banking and Insurance 
— William E. Tuttle, Jr., of Westfleld. Judge of the Court 
of Errors and Appeals — Robert Williams, of Paterson. Cir- 
cuit Court Judge — Frank T. Lloyd, of Camden. Justice of 
the Supreme Court — Thomas W. Trenehard, of Trenton. 
Circuit Court Judge — Luther A. Campbell, of Hackensack. 

January 24th. ISDddlesex County Tax Board — Peter H. S. 
Hendricks, of New Brunswick. Court of Common Pleas, 
Middlesex County — Peter Francis Daly, of New Brunswick. 
Prosecutor of the Pleas, Middlesex County — Joseph E. 
Strieker, Perth Amboy. 

February 7th. Judge of the District Court of Orange — 
Daniel A. Dugan, of Orange. 

The nominations .for Public Utility Commissioners had 
not been confirmed up to February 18th. The Court of 
Errors and Appeals, on February 15th, affirmed the Supreme 
Court decision upholding the right of Governor Edwards to 
remove the old commissioners. See also note on page 361. 

Among new features introduced in this Manual are : 
A table of contents in the front of the book in addition to 
the Index at the end. A table showing the area of counties, 
both land and water, page 239 ; a table showing date of 
creation of counties and territory from which taken, page 
151 ; table showing commission government municipalities, 
with counties in which located, clas,siflcation as to whether 
cities, towns, boroughs, etc., and date of adoption of com- 
mission government, page 155 ; a much .fuller list of county 
officers, and a list of county institutions appearing under 
heading of County Directory, page 443. To the sketches de- 
scribing State Institutions are added descriptions of the 
State Camp Grounds at Sea Girt (page 106) and the State 
Fish Hatchery and Game Farm (page 107). At the end of 
the census table for incorporated places is given a list of 
recenty incorporated places for which no separate census 
has been taken (page 237). The table of legal holidays 
(page 5) is supplemented by a list of other important dates. 
The list of present New Jersey court officials in New Jersey 
(page 458) has added thereto the names of United States 
Commissioners and Referees in Bankruptcy for this State. 

While every possible effort toward accuracy has been made 
the compiler invites information as to any possible errors 
and also suggestions for otherwise improving future issues 
of the Manual. 

J. P. D. 



Calendar for 1921 



1921 

JAN. 


i 


1 


J 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1921 


1 


1 


i 

5-1 


1 


i 


1 


..J 


JULY 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 




3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 




9 


lu 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 




24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


2,S} 


30 


FEB... 


30 


31 












AUG.. 


31 














1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


11: 


V6 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


MAS. 


27 
6 


28 

"7 












SEPT.. 


28 


29 


30 


31 


"1 

8 


"2 
9 


'3 
10 


1 
8 


2 
9 


3 
10 


4 
11 


6 
12 




4 


6 


6 


7 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


26 


26 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




... 




25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




APR- 












1 

8 


2 

9 


OCT... 














1 
8 




3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


16 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




lb 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




23 

3(1 


24 
31 


25 


26 


27 


2b 


29 


MAY... 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


NOV... 






1 


2 


3 


4 


5 




8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




16 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


26 


26 


JUNE. 


29 


30 


31 










DEC... 


27 


28 


29 


30 


1 


"2 


"3 


1 


2 


3 


4 




5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 




4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


:o 




12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 




11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


26 




18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


... 






25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 

































PERPETUAL CALENDAR 


lt>B ASCERTAINING THE DAY OF THE WEEK FOR ANY YEAB 


BETWEEN 1700 AND 2499. 


Table of Dominical 

LETTERa. 


Month. 


Dominical Letter. 


TEAR OF THE 


CENTUR'S. 


Jan. Oct. 


A 


B 


c 


D 


E 


F 


G 


CENTURY. 




Feb. Mar. Nov. 
Jan. Apr. July 


D 
G 


E 
A 


F 
B 


G 
C 


A 
D 


B 
E 


C 
F 


|8 




1 


N. B.-A star 


= 


May 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


on the left 


^ 


c 


CM 


June 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


denotes leap 


8 




3 


3 


Feb. Aug. 


c 


D 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


year. 


1- 
c 


E 


G 


A 


Sept. Dec. 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


E 


0-8'*56 


•84 


1 


8 


15 


22 


29 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


1 29 


57 


85 


B 


D 


F 


G 


2 


9 


16 


23 


30 


M 


i 


S 


F 


Th 


w 


Tu 


2 30 


58 


86 


A 


C 


E 


F 


3 


10 


17 


24 


31 


Tu 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


3 31 


59 


87 


G 


B 


D 


E 


4 


n 


18 


25 




W 


Tu 


M 


s 


s 


F 


TH 
















5 


12 


19 


26 




Th 


W 


Tu 


M 


S 


S 


F 


•4 *32 *60 


•88 


E 


G 


B 


C 


6 


13 


20 


27 




F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


^i 


I 


S 


5 83 


61 


89 


D 


F 


A 


B 


7 


14 


21 


28 




S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


S 


6 


34 


62 


90 


C 


E 


G 


A 
G 


























7 


35 


63 


91 


B 


D 


F 




♦■8 •36 •64 


•92 


G 


B 


D 


E 


EXPLANATION. 


9, 37 65 


93 


F 


A 


C 


D 




10 38 

11 39 


66 
67 


94 
95 


E 


G 
F 


B 
A 


C 
B 


"Dnder the Century, and in the line wfti. 


the Year of the Caitury, is the Dominical 


•12 ^40 •es 


•96 


B 


D 


F 


G 


Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 


P 

lo 


41 
42 
43 


69 
70 

71 


97 
9S 
99 


A 
F 


C 
B 

A 


c 


F 
E 
D 


the month find the column containing 
this letter ; in this column, and in line 
with the day of the Month, is the day of 


•16 '44 

171 A^ 


•72 
73 
74 




D 
C 
B 


F 
E 
D 


A 
G 
F 


B 
A 
G 


the Week. In Leap Years, the letters for 


1/ 
18 


11 




January and February are in the lines 


19 


47 


75 




A 


C 


E 


F 


where these mouths are printed in Italics. 


•20 
21 


•48 


•76 

77 




F 
E 


A 

G 


C 
B 


D 

C 


! 
EXAMPLES. 


22 
23 


50 
61 


78 
79 




D 
C 


F 
E 


A 
G 


B 
A 


For December 31st, 1875 : for 1^5, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31. is 


•24 ^52 

25 63 

26 54 


•80 
81 

82 




A 

G 
F 


C 
B 
A 


E 
D 
C 


F 
E 
D 


Friday ; and for January 1st, 1876, the 




letter is A ; under A, and in a line with 


27 55 


83 




E 


G 


B 


C 


1, is Saturday. 



LEGAL HOLIDAYS. 



(See Compiled Statutes, Vol, 3, page 3091, and P. L. 1914, 
page 188.) 

New Year's Day — January 1. 
Lincoln's Birthday — February 12. 
Washington's Birthday — February 22. 
Good Friday — March 25. 
Memorial Day — May 30. 
Independence Day — July 4. 
Labor Day — ^September 5. 
Columbus Day — October 12. 
General Election Day — November 8. 
Thanksgiving Day — November 24. 
Christmas Day — December 25. 



OTHER IMPORTANT DAYS. 

Jackson Day — January 8. 

Ash Wednesday — February 9. 

Inauguration Day (Presidential)— March 4. 

Easter Sunday — March 27. 

Arbor Day — April 8. 

Passover — April 23-30. 

Mothers' Day — May 3. 

Flag Day — June 14. 

Jewish New Year — October 3. 

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) — October 13, 

Armistice Day — November 11, 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, asiJe from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape, or Dela- 
ware. Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river valleys of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States. 

In its settlement. New Jersey was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crown, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
not until 1664, practically a half century after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man, that England 
had aught more than a slight influence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland was first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaware, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Mey, land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
gov^ernment in what is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing influence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valley of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government was 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustavus 
Adolphus, internal dissensions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 

(7) 
1 



8 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

and for nine years the soil of New Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

Emerging from the interregnum of the Cromwells, the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March, 1664, Charles H., with royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James, Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what is 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, a§ they, in 
alien claims to New Jersey, practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia, Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. In the summer of 1664 armed vessels appeared -n 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the power of Holland in North America be- 
came simply a mattei of history. In the meantime James, 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the House 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret— 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersey (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). 

Carteret and Berkeley, in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agriculture, commerce, fishing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. These planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 



HISTORY OP NEW JERSEY. S 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining West Jersey as their moiety, Carteret 
obtaining East Jersey. 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant influence in West 
Jersey was that of the Society of Friends. Salem was 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Cape May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities in which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishment was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequently 
by arbitration. 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James II. In 1673 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early spring of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconveyances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances, James II. claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 16S0 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York. 
In 16S1 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government was re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land went the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown. This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

rendered to the Crown, in 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil, East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive ofRce. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land owners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersey, 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation," and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

During this period the farm was the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 
was also the trade in skins and in hay from the salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HiSTOKY OF NEW JERSEY. U 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard" money 
away from the colony. An inflated paper currency, first 
issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold, 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
University and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefield, the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Woolman, the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various s'hades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support from a few bold, aggressive spirits of influence 
whose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution by New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
Will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem. Spring- 



12 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

field, Elizabeth, in the valley of the Hackensack, and the 
winter at Morristown are a part of national history'. Oc- 
cupying- a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State officers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature, which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Governor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Admiralty and coined money. 

While the spirit of "State rights" was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand alone. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting- monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 17S7. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sented, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which erew in strength in West Jersey. 



HISTORY OP NEW JERSET. O 

In the eastern part of the State there was among the Indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in ISOO, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in ISOl the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield, as Governor of the State of New 
Jersey, The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
fhe strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
with England. 

The period from 1790 to 1S12 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1785 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Party," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

classes were instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of New York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established, post offices opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1844, when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
elevate the legal position of married women, Imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts were adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 236 negroes in bondage in New Jersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88.305 men, or within 10.501 of her entire militia. 
For organizing, subsisting, supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

New Jersey has made great advances since the Civil War. 
Among the important legislation was the passage of the 
General Railroad law in 1873. This ended the domination 
of the Camden and Amboy monopoly and opened the way 
for other enterprises in the same field. 

Although the State passed an Emancipation act in 1804, 
the Constitution was not amended as to legalize negro 
suffrage until 1875. The Legislature of 1871 ratified the 
fifteenth amendment to the U. S. Constitution which gives 
absolute authority to the negro to cast his vote at all 
national. State, county and municipal elections. 

Women exercised the right of suffrage in New Jersey 
under laws passed in 1790 and 1797. That right was taken 
from them by an act passed in 1807. In 1912 the Supreme 
Court held that the 1776 Constitution did not confer any 
right on women to vote. The Constitution of 1844 limited 
the right to vote to males. In 1887 women were given the 
right to vote at school meetings. This was declared un- 
constitutional in 1894 as to voting for school trustees and 
officers ; they could vote, however, on other school matters. 

A proposed amendment to the State Constitution in 1897 
giving women the right to vote for school officers was 
defeated. The vote was 65,021 for, to 75,170 against. In 
1915 another proposed amendment conferring full suffrage 
on women was defeated. The vote was 133,282 for and 
184,390 against. In 1883 laws were enacted regulating the 
labor of women and children in factories. 

In 1838, the last whipping post disappeared from New 
Jersey. It stood on a vacant lot in Trenton, where many 
offenders had suffered the degrading punishment. Franklin 
S. Mills, a veteran reporter of that time, called several 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 15 

kindred spirits around tiim and ttiey decided that tlie 
wtiipping post must go. There was unanimous agreement 
that the best time for its vanishment would he a dark night, 
and meanwhile the plot was kept a profound secret. The 
plan was carried out and the post was never set up again. 
The next step to lessen the horror of capital punishment 
was in 1907. when the penalty was changed from hanging 
to eloctrocution. In the same year tuberculosis was pro- 
nounced infectious and a sanitorium for the treatment of 
such patients was established. 

Gambling at race tracks and all other places was pro- 
hibited by law in 1894 and in 1897 a constitutional amend- 
ment was adopted to the same effect. 

In 1907 the first primary law went into operation. In 
1911, the direct primary was extended to the oflSces of 
governor and representatives in Congress. In 1915 it was 
extended to the office of United States Senator. In 1911, 
a blanket form of ballot was adopted. In 1907 the Board 
of Railroad Commissioners for the State of New Jersey 
was created, and in 1910, the name was changed to the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. In 1911, the Em- 
ployers' Liability act was passed. 

The admirable system of public education in New Jersey 
deserves more than passing notice. The first steps were 
taken during the colonial period, and soon after the Revo- 
lution a number of private schools and academies were es- 
tablished. In 1816, the Legislature ordered that the sum 
of $15,000 should be invested in a Permanent Educational 
Fund. During the following two years, this sum was in- 
creased to $113,236.78. In 1824, a tenth of the State tax 
was added to the school fund. Improvement was continually 
made in the educational lacilities, the annual appropriation 
being increased in 1838 to $30,000. The new Constitution 
adopted in 1844, prohibited the diversion of any part of the 
school fund under any pretext. Two years later every town- 
ship was required to raise the same amount contributed 
by the State, and in 1851 the State appropriation was in- 
creased to $40,000. 

Since no one is considered qualified to follow a profession 
without special training, it followed that that of the teacher 
should receive the same preparation. In 1855, the first 
State Normal School was opened in Trenton and proved 
highly successful. It has been followed by others with the 
most beneficial results to the cause of education throughout 
the State. 

In 1867, the whole school system was remodeled and 
placed on a sound basis. Provision was made for the con- 
tinual maintenance of the Normal School and the Model, 
or training school, attached to it ; for the examination and 
licensing of teachers; for increasing the State Educational 
Fund ; defining the duties of district and township trus- 



16 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

tees, the city boards of education, the county superintend- 
ents, the State superintendent and the State Board of Edu- 
cation. 

In 1881. an act was passed by the Legislature to encourage 
the establishment of schools for industrial education. In 
1888, manual training was provided for and several such 
institutions have been established. The Compulsory Edu- 
cation law went into effect in 1884. Parents and guardians 
are compelled to send children between the ages of seven 
and fourteen years to school each day the schools are in 
session, or provide for their instruction at home or else- 
where. The State College for Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts is connected with Rutgers College at New Brunswick. 
Candidates for this course are examined annually at the 
county seat of each county. The number of pupils is limited 
to sixty and tuition is free. Other State institutions are 
referred to elsewhere. 

One of the most beneficent enterprises with which New 
Jersey is specially identified is the life-saving service. The 
United States has more than ten thousand miles of sea 
and lake coast. Thousands of lives and untold millions of 
dollars of property have been swept down to death and 
destruction by the fearful storms which at times rage over 
these waters. Of all the vast extent of coast, there is none 
more dangerous than that of New Jersey. The causes of 
this is the peculiar formation of the Long Island and New 
Jersey shores, and the fact that a bar runs parallel with 
the beach at a distance therefrom of from two hundred 
yards to a mile. The water on this bar is shallow, and 
many a ship, when driven toward shore goes to pieces long 
before it can be reached by the anxious watchers on the 
beach. 

One of the residents of Monmouth county who was deeply 
impressed by the frightful loss of life was Dr. William A. 
Newell, a member of Congress from 1848 to 1851, and 
governor of New Jersey from 1857 to 1860. It is worth 
mentioning in this place that Dr. Newell was in Congress 
when John Quincy Adams was stricken with apoplexy and 
caught him in his arms as he was falling. Dr. Newell, 
during the first part of his term, secured an appropriation 
of $10,000 for the protection of life and property from 
shipwreck on the coast between Sandy Hook and Little Egg 
Harbor. Some months later, the ship Ayrshire was driven 
on Squan Beach. The life car was employed to bring the 
202 passengers and crew ashore and only one man who re- 
fused to enter the car was drowned. Instances without 
number occurred, when with the help of the life-saving 
crew, not a single life was lost, when without such aid all 
would have perished. 

At the close of 1014. the life-saving establishments in 
the United States included 285 stations, 203 being on the 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 17 

Atlantic nnd Gulf coasts, 62 on the lakes, in on the Pacific 
coast, 1 at Nome, Alaska, and 1 at the falls of the Ohio, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Since the establishment of. the life-savinj? service down to 
June 30th, 1914, the number of disasters was 28,121 ; 
value of property involved. $355,401,084 ; value of property 
saved, $288,871,237 : value of property lost, $66.529,847 ; 
persons involved, 178,741 ; persons lost, 1.455 ; shipwrecked 
persons succored at stations, 28,711 ; days' succor afforded, 
59,659. 

In addition to the 522 disasters in 1914, there were 1,415 
casualties to lesser craft, such as launches, sailboats, row- 
boats, &c., on which were 3,757 persons of whom all were 
saved excepting 12. 

As in every State and in the National government, the 
government consists of the legislative, executive and ju- 
diciary. The last named embraces the courts. 

Justice's Court. — This is the lowest court with common 
law and criminal jurisdiction. Suits involving no more than 
$200 may be tried in it, and appeal can be had to the 
Court of Quarter Sessions. 

Police Court. — This is composed of a police justice, or a 
justice of the peace appointed by him. His criminal juris- 
diction in the city for which he is appointed is the same 
as that of a justice of the peace. He tries cases of vio- 
lation of city ordinances and appeal is to the Court of 
Common Pleas, or Quarter Sessions, or to the Supreme or 
Circuit Court. 

District Court. — The jurisdiction of this court is limited 
to the county in which the court is held. It has authority 
in all suits of a civil nature in which the sum involved 
does not exceed $500, exclusive of costs, including disputes 
between landlords and tenants and replevin and attachment 
cases. Appeal is to the Supreme Court. 

Court of Quarter Sessions. — This court has jurisdiction 
over all offences of an indictable nature within the county, 
except treason and murder. As a court of common law 
jurisdiction, it can hear only appeals from the justices' 
courts and the police courts. 

Court of Common Pleas. — The jurisdiction of this court 
is extensive. It holds three stated terms each year and 
special terms when so ordered by the Supreme Court. Its 
original jurisdiction includes all personal actions not in- 
volving the freehold : the changing of the name of any 
town or village in the county or of any person on his 
request ; cases relating to Insolvency, roads and wrecks ; 
the property of absconding debtors ; applications for exemp- 
tion from military duty, and it decides suits against con- 
stables who neglect to execute warrants. It grants licenses 
and tries cases referred to it by the Circuit Court. The 
presiding officer is a judge appointed to that office. The 



18 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

justice of the Supreme Court, holdins: the Circuit Court 
within the count}', is ex-o-fflcio .iudfre of the Court of Common 
Pleas. It can try cases referred to it by the Circuit Court 
and certify the same to the Supreme Court. 

Circuit Court. — This court has concurrent jurisdiction with 
the Supreme Court except in criminal cases and has author- 
ity to try Supreme Court issues. It holds three stated 
terms annually and a special term when so ordered by a 
justice of the Supreme Court. Appeals are taken to the 
Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Supreme Court of JucUcniure. — The chief justice and eight 
associate justices compose this court, which may be held 
by any one of the nine justices. It meets in Trenton on the 
third Tuesday in February and the first Tuesdays respec- 
tively of June and November. Special terms may be ordered 
by the chief justice or any two associate justices. Its 
jurisdiction covers all real, personal or mixed actions at 
common law, and it has power to decide when the laws 
and joint resolutions have not been duly passed and ap- 
proved. It has authority to review the proceedings of other 
courts and the only appeal is to the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. The business of this court has grown to such an 
extent that it has been divided into parts I., II. and III. 

Court of Errors and Appeals. — This court is composed of 
the chancellor, the justices of the Supreme Court and six 
specially appointed justices. It is the highest tribunal In 
the State from whose decisions there is no appeal. 

Court of Clianceri/. — The members of this court are the 
chancellor and eight vice-chancellors. Its function is to 
give such relief as is not given by the common law courts, 
and appeal must be made to the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Surrogate Court. — Each county has a surrogate whose 
duties mainly relate to will cases. Appeals have to be 
made to the Orphans' Court of the county. 

Orphans' Court. — This court is held by the judge of the 
Court of common Pleas, the justices of the Supreme Court 
being judges ex-officio. It decides all disputes relating to 
wills, the accounts of executors, the recovery of legacies, 
the mental condition of persons in the military, naval or 
marine service, the division of estates, &c. 

Prerogative Court. — The chancellor is the judge of the 
Prerogative Court, which has authority to grant the probate 
of wills, letters of administration and the settlement of 
disputes relating to the same. Its decisions are to the 
Court of Errors and Appeals. 

Court for the Trial of Impeachments. — This court con- 
sists of the senate which tries the governor or any officer 
of the State for misdemeanor while holding such office. 
The impeachment must be by the assembly. A two-thirds 
vote is necessary to convict and from such conviction there 
is no appeal. 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 19 

Court of Pardons. — This court consists of the governor, 
chancellor and the six judges of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals. A majority of the court of whom the governor 
must be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, grant pardons 
after conviction except in cases of impeachment, and com- 
mute sentences of death to imprisonment at hard labor 
for life or a stated number of years. There is no appeal 
from the judgment of this court. 

Court of Oyer and Terminer. — This court is composed of 
any Supreme Court justice and the judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas. It meets in the respective counties and has 
jurisdiction over all offences of an Indictable nature, from 
which appeal may be made to the Supreme Court. 

In addition to the courts specified, there is one for the 
trial of juvenile offenders, which is for the beneficent pur- 
pose of reforming rather than punishing youthful criminals, 
and the Coroner's Court, whose duty is to inquire into 
the causes of all deaths in prison and of those elsewhere 
which have a suspicious appearance. No appeal can be 
taken from the verdict of a coroner's jury. 

It is a singular coincidence that the three presidential 
cabinet members from New Jersey down to 1877, were each 
Secretary of the Navy. They were, Samuel L. Southard, 
1823-29 ; Mahlon Dickerson, 1834-38, and George M. Robe- 
son, 1869-77. The cabinet officers from this State, since 
the last-named date, were, F. T. Frelinghuysen, Secretary 
of State, 1881-85 ; John W. Griggs, Attorney-General. 1898- 
"1901, and Lindley M. Garrison, Secretary of \Yar, 1913-1916. 
Having done so well with the cabinet. New Jersey gave the 
nation her governor (Woodrow Wilson), in 1913, and again 
in 1917, as President of the United States. 



OHRONOLOGIOAL LIST OP GOVERNORS 

Cornelius Jacobsen Mey (Director New Netherlands), 1624 

William Verhulst (Director New Netherlands) 1625 

Peter Minuit (Governor of New Netherlands) 1626 to 1631 

Bastiaen Janssen Crol (Director Gen. New Nether- 
lands) 1631 to 1633 

Wouter Van Twiller (Governor of New Netherlands) . . 1633 to 1637 

William Kieft (Governor of New Netherlands) 1633 to 1637 

Col. John Printz (Governor of New Sweden) 1642 to 1653 

Peter Stuyvesant (Governor of New Netherlands) 1646 to 1664 

Philip Carteret (first English Governor) 1664 to 1676 

GOVERNORS OF EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1677 to 1682 

Robert Barclay (Proprietary Governor in England)... 1682 to 1690 

Thomas Rudyard f Deputy Governor) 1682 to 1683 

Gawen Lawrie (Deputy Governor) 1683 to 1686 



20 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

Lord Neil Campbell (Deputy Governor) 1686 to 1687 

Andrew Hamilton (Deputy Governor) 1687 to 1690 

Major Edmund Andross (Royal Governor of New York), 1688 to 1689 
John Tatham (Proprietary Governor — rejected by 

Province) 1690 

Col. Joseph Dudley (Proprietary Governor — rejected bv 

the Province) 1692 to 1697 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse 1698 to 1699 

Andrew Bowne (Deputy Governor) 1699 

Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 

GOVERNORS OF WEST JERSEY. 

Board of Commissioners 1676 to 1681 

Edward Byllinge (Governor) 1680 to 1687 

Samuel Jennings (Deputy Governor) 1681 to 1684 

Thomas Ollive (Deputy Governor) 1684 to 1685 

John Skene (Deputy Governor) 16'- 5 to 1687 

Daniel Coxe 1687 to 1692 

Major Edmund Andros (Governor of New York) 1688 to 1689 

Edward Hunloke (Deputy Governor) 1690 

West Jersey Society of Proprietors 1691 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse (of both Provinces) 1697 to 1699 

Colonel Andrew Hamilton 1699 to 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward. Lord Cornbury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (died in office) 1708 

Richard Ingoldsby, Lieutenant-Governor 1709 to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Montgomerie 1728 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Cosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Council) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 1738 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the same 
time.) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1746 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1746 to 1747 

John Reading (President of Council) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher 1747 to 1757 

Thomas Pownall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone 1760 to 1761 

Joslah Hardy 1761 to 1762 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONSTITUTION. 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist). 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell fFederall.«t) 1792 to 1801 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1801 to 1802 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 21 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting Gov- 
ernor (Democrat) 1802 to 1803 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1803 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1815 

Mahlon Dickerson (Democrat) 1815 to 1817 

Isaac H. \Yilliamson (Federalist) 1817 to 1829 

Oarret D. Wall (Democrat) 1829 deol'd 

Peter D. Yroom (Democrat) 1829 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 1832 to 1833 

Llias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 1836 

IMiilemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) 1845 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 1857 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to 1860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) i860 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1860 

Theodore F. Randolph (Democrat) 1860 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

George C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 1884 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1884 to 1887 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1890 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898 

Foster M, Voorhees (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Feb. 1. '98, to Oct. 18, '98 

David O. Watklns (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '99 

Foster INL Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 1902 

Franklin Murphy (Republican) 1902 to 1905 

Edward C. Stokes (Republican) 1905 to 1908 

John Franklin Fort (Republican) 1908 to 1911 

Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) 1911 to 1913 

James F. Fielder (Democrat), Acting Governor 

March 1, '13, to Oct. 28, '13 

Leon R. Taylor (Democrat), Acting Governor 

Oct. 28 to Jan. 20, '14 

James F. Fielder ^Democrat) 1914 to 1917 

Walter E. Edge (Republican) 1917 to May 16, 1919 

William N. Runyon (Republican), Acting Governor.. 

May 16, '10, to Jan. 13, '20 
Clarence E. Case (Republican). Acting Governor.. 

Jan. 13. '1920. to Jan. 20. '20 

Edward I. Edwards (Democrat) 1920 to • 



22 LIST OF GOVERNORS. 

OTHER ACTING GOVERNORS OF NEW JERSEY. 

The following Is a list of Presidents of the Senate who served 
as Acting Governors, for brief periods, during temporary absence 
of regular Governors: 

William M. Johnson (Rep.), Bergen 1900 

Edmund W. Wakelee (Rep.), Bergen 1904 

Joseph S. Frelinghuysen (Rep.), Somerset 1909 

Ernest R. Ackerman (Rep.), Union 1911 

John Dyneley Prince (Rep.), Passaic 1912 

John W. Slocum (Dem. ), Monmouth 1914 

Walter E. Edge (Rep.), Atlantic 1915 

George W. F. Gaunt (Rep.), Gloucester 1916-1917 

Thomas F. McCran (Rep.), Passaic 1918 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 23 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 



When, In the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which 
have connected them with another, and to assume, among 
the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, 
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, lib- 
erty and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these 
rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the governed; that 
whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their 
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience 
hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in- 
variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them 
under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such government, and to provide new guards 
for their future security. Such has been the patient suffer- 
ance of these colonies, and s-uch is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- 
ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is 
a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, 
in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny 
over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to 
a candid world: 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome 
and necessary for the public good. 



24 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of imme- 
diate and pressing- importance, unless suspended in their 
operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of larg-e districts of people, unless those people would re- 
linquish the right of representation in the Legislature— a 
right Inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative 
powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the 
people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from 
without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that purpose, obstructing the laws for the nat- 
uralization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- 
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions 
of new appropriations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of 
their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new ofl^ces, and sent hithei 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, 
and superior to, the civil pov.-er. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended leg- 
islation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhab- 
itants of these States; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 25 

For imposing taxes on us without our consent; 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefit of trial by 
jury; 

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended 
offenses; 

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a 
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary 
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing 
the same absolute rule into these colonies; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments; 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring 
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all 
cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned 
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 
)He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and con- 
ditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A 
prince whose character is thus marked by every act which 
may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been v.'anting in our attentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of 
attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the cir- 
cumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We 
have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common 
kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inev- 



26 



DECLARATION OP INDEPENDENCE. 



Itably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, 
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace, friends. 
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States 
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to 
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our 
intentions, do. in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and de- 
clare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought 
to be. Free and Independent States; that they are also ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of 
Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and 
that, as Free and Independent States, they have full power 
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish 
commerce, and do all other acts and things which Inde- 
pendent States may of right do. And, for the support of 
this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of 
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our 
lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



Georgia- 
Button Gwinnett. 
Lyman Hall. 
Geo. Walton. 

iouth Carolina- 
Edward Rutledge. 
Thos. Hayward, Jr. 
Thomas Lynch. Jr. 
Arthur Middleton. 

■^'"irginia— 

George Wythe. 
Richard Henry Lee. 
Thos. Jefferson. 
Benjan. Harrison. 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
Carter Braxton. 

Delaware — 

Caesar Rodney. 
Geo. Read. 

New Jersey— 

Richd. Stockton. 
Jno. Witherspoon. 
Fras. Hopkinson. 
John Hart. 
Abra, Clark. 



Maryland- 
Samuel Chase. 
Wm. Paca. 
Thos. Stone. 
Charles Carroll, 

of Carrollton. 

Pennsylvania— 
Robt. Morris. 
Benjamin Rush. 
Benja. Franklin. 
John Morton. 
Thomas McKean, 
Geo. Clymer. 
Jas. Smith. 
Geo. Taylor. 
James "Wilson. 
Geo. Ross. 

New York— 
Wm. Floyd. 
Phil. Livingston. 
Fran's Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. 

New Hampshire— 
Josiah Bartlett. 
Wm, Whipple. 
Matthew Thornton, 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 



Massachusetts Bay— 
Saml. Adams. 
John Adams. 
Robt. Treat Paine. 
Elbridge Gerry. 

North Carolina— 
Wm. Hooper. 
Joseph Hewes. 
John Penn. 



Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence, &c. — 
Step. Hopkins. 
William Ellery. 

Connecticut- 
Roger Sherman. 
Saml. Huntington. 
Wm. Williams. 
Oliver Wolcott. 



Ordered: IN CONGRESS, January 18, 1777. 

That an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendency, with the names of the Members of Congress 
subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United States, 
and that they be desired to have the same put on record. 

By order of Congress. JOHN HANCOCK, 

A.ttest, Chas. Thomson, A true copy. President, 

Secy. John Hancock, 

Presidt. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA* 



We, the people of the United States, in order to form a 
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tran- 
quillitj^, provide for the common defense, promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to our- 
selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Con- 
stitution of the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

LEGISLATIVE POWERS. 
Section I. 
All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a 
Congress of the United States, which shall consist ol a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 
Section II. 
1. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the 
several States; and the electors in each State shall have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislature. 

MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. 

2 No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he 
shall be chosen. 

RULE OF APPORTIONING REPRESENTATIVES 
AND DIRECT TAXES. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several States which may be included within 

*This Constitution went into operation on the first Wed- 
nesday in March, 1789. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE I>. S. 29 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including those bound to service for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS— IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other oflacers, and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section III. 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 

two senators from each State, chosen by the legislature 

thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 

vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



30 CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen. 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS. 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vic^-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE'S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment and punishment according to law. 



MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2. Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 31 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF EACH HOUSE. 

Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 
Section VI. 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the sam.e; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holding any office 



32 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. rj. 

under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during- his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section VII. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, bj^ which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIII. 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 33 

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and wuth the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting th€ 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws cf the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions; 

16. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be 
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the militia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and— 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, 



34 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

for carrying- into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the United States, or in any department or officer 
thereof. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing: shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
In proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
any State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress, 
accept of any present, emolument, office or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 35 

lay any Imposts or duties on Imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 
Section I. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his ofRce dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

HOW ELECTED. 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, for two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



36 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and if no per* 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
jority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their ^""*es, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

WHO MAY BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. - 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 
the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment."! 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, &C., OF THE PRESI- 
DENT, THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and he shall not receive, within that period. 



CONSTITQTION OF THE U. S. 37 

any other emolument from the United States or any of 
them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall 
take the following oath or affirmation: 

THE OATH. 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." 

POWERS, &C., OP THE PRESIDENT, 
Section II. 

1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES, AMBASSADORS, &C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, 
judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next SQSsion. 

DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section III. 
He shall, from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 



38 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greement between \hem with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 

Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 

ARTICLE III. 

THE JUDICIAL, POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XL) 

Section II. 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more States; between a State and citizens 
of another State; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 39 

ORIGINAL AND APPELLATE JURISDICTION OF 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- 
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when liot committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed, 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of 
the person attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C., OF EACH STATE. 

Section L 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section II. 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from Vv^hich he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS. &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the legislatures of the 
States concerned, as well as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OF TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 

GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment which 
may be made prior to the year eighteen hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first article, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 
All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valia 
against the United States under this constitution as under 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. 
Section II. 
This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 
The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



43 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 



be required as a qualification to any oflflce of public trust 

under the United States. 

ARTICLE VII. 



WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire- 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Gilman. 

Massachusetts- 
Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut- 
William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New York- 
Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey- 
William Livingston. 
David Brearley, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Dayton. 

Pennsylvania- 
Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer. 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared IngersoU, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Attest: 

William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



Delaware- 
George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos. Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia- 
John Blair, 
James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina — 
William Blunt, 
Richd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 

South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas. Coatesworth Pinck- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, 
Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Few, 
Abraham BaldvCrin. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 43 



AMENDMENTS 



TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States, Ratified 
According- to tlie Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having- been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 



ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OF CONSCIENCE, FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS, &C. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petitioi. 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE 11. 

OF THE MILITIA. 
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 
No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



44 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affir- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 45 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 



ARTICLE XL 

THE JUDICIAL POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 



ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 
The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; thej'' shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed, t to the seat of the government 
of the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



•On the second Monday in January next following their 
appointment, 
tAfter the second Monday In January. 



46 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having the highest num- 
bers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 13TH AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 
punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 
duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 
place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section II. 
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*On the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 47 

CITIZENS AND THEIR RIGHTS— 14TH AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
officers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section IIL 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirdg 
of each house, remove such disability. 



4S CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S 

VALIDITY OP PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section TV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the United States nor anj' State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the previsions of this article. 



ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous coadition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 



ARTICLE XVT 

POWER TO LAY AND COLLECT TAXES ON 
INCOMES. 

The congress shall have power to lay and collect 
taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, with- 
out apportionment among the States, and without 
regard to any census or enumeration. 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 49 

ARTICLE XVII. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS TO BE ELECTED BY 
THE PEOPLE. 

The senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two senators from each State, elected by the people 
thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have 
one vote. The electors in each State shall have the 
qualifications requisite for election of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislatures. 

Whenever vacancies happen in the representation of 
any State in the senate, the executive authority of 
such State shall issue writs of election to fill such 
vacancies, provided that the legislature of any State 
may empower the executive thereof to make temporary 
appointments until the people fill the vacancies by 
election as the legislature may direct. 

This amendment shall not be so construed as to 
affect the election or term of any senator chosen 
before it becomes valid as part of the Constit'.ition. 

ARTICLE XVIII. 

PROHIBITION OF THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC. 

Section 1. After one year from the ratification of 
this article the manufacture, sale or transportation 
of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof 
into, or the exportation thereof from the United 
States and all territories subject to the jurisdiction 
thereof for beverage purposes are hereby prohibited. 

Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall 
have concurrent power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 

Section 3, This article shall be inoperative unless 
it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the 
Constitution by the Legislatures of the several States, 
as provided 'in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States 
by the Congress. 



50 rOXRTITTTTTON OF THE IT. S. 

ARTICLE XIX. 
WOMAN sijffra(;e. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State on account of sex. 

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 

DATE OF RATIFICATION OF AMENDMENTS. 

Article I to X. Proposed September 25, 1789. at first ses- 
sion oifi First Congress. Ratified by requisite number of 
States. 1790. 

Article XI. Proposed March 5, 1794. Declared ratified 
January 8, 1798. 

Article XII. Proposed December 12, 1803. Declared rati- 
fied September 25, 1804. 

Article XIII. Proposed February 1, 1865. Declared rati- 
fied December 18, 1865. 

Article XIV. Proposed June 16, 1866. Declared rati- 
fied July 28, 1868. 

Article XV. Proposed February 27, 1869. Declared rati- 
fied March 30, 1870. 
. Article XVI. Proposed July 12. 1909. Declared ratified 
X#ebruary 25. 1913. 

i/^. Article XVII. Proposed May 16, 1912. Declared ratified 
"^^'May 31, 1913. 

Article XVIII. Proposed December 17, 1917. Declared 
ratified January 16, 1919. Effective January 16, 1920. 

Article XIX. Proposed June 4, 1919. Declared ratified 
August 26, 1920. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 51 

UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



The following Is a list of the United States Senators for N«w 
Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer. March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791. 

William Palerson, March 4, 1789. to November 23, 1790. 

Philemon Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793. 

John Rutherford, March 4, 1791, to December 5, 1798, 

Frederick Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 1796. 

Richard Stockton, November 12. 1796, to March 3, 1799. 

Franklin Davenport, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799. 

James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 26, 1801. 

Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1799, to March 3. 1805. 

Aaron Ogden. February 26, 1801, to March 3, 1803. 

John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3, 1809. 

Aaron Kltchell, March 4, 1805, to March 21, 1809. 

John Lambert, March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 

John Condit, March 21, 1809, to March 3, 1817. 

James Jefferson Wilson. March 4, 1815, to January 26, 1^ I. 

Mahlon Dickerson, March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1829. 

Samuel L. Southard, January 26. 1821, to November 12, 1823. 

Joseph Mcllvaine, November 12, 1823, to August 16. 1826. 

Ephraim Bateman. November 10. 1828, to January 30, 1829. 

Theodore Frellnghuysen, March 4. 1829. to March 3, 1835. 

Mahlon Dickerson. January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 

Samuel L. Southard, March 4. 1833, to June 26, 1842. 

Garret D. Wall, March 4, 1835, to March 3, 1841. 

Jacob W. Miller, March 4, 1841, to March 3, 1853. 

William L, Dayton. July 2. 1842. to March 3. 1851. 

Jacob W. Miller, January 4, 1841. to March 3. 1853. 

Robert F. Stockton. March 4. 1851. to February 11, 1853. 

William Wright. March 4. 1853, to March 3. 1859. 

John R. Thomson (died). February 11, 1853. to December, 1862. 

Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January IS, 

1803. 
John C. Ten Eyck, from March 17, 1859. to March 3, 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14, 1863, to March 3, 1863. 
William Wright, March 4, 1863, to November, 1866. 
F. T. Frellnghuysen, November, 1866. to March 3. 1869. 
John P. Stockton. March 4. 1865. to March 27, 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, December 8, 1866, to March 3, 1871. 
John P. Stockton, March 4, 1809. to March 3, 1875. 
F. T. Frellnghuysen, March 4. 1871, to March 3. 1877. 
T. F. Randolph, March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. 
John R. McPherson, March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1895. 
William J. Sewell. March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett, March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith, Jr., March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1899. 
William J. Sewell. March 4. 1895. to December 26, 1901. 
John Kean. March 4. 1899. to March 3. 1911. 
John F. Dryden. February 4. 1902. to March 3, 1907. 
Frank O. Briggs, March 4. 1907, to March 3, 1913. 
James E. Martine, March 4. 1911, to March 3. 1917. 
William Hughes, March 4, 1913, to January 30, 1918. 

Joseph S. Frelinghnysen. March 4. 1917. to . 

David Baird, March 7, 1918. to March 3, 1919. 
Walter E. Edge, May 19, 1919, to . 



52 STATE CONSTITUTION. 



STATE CONSTITUTION, 



A CONSTITUTION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1S44, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D. 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1S97. 

We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and Independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent in the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privi- 
lege of worshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect 
In preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things to be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, when 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men, 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
navj'; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



54 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor In time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

14. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony' of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on SLTiy judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village 
shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual, asso- 
ciation or corporation, or become security for or be 
directly or indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds 
of any association or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 



ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

tloned i a anj'- garrison, barrack, or military or naval place 
or station within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being- a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, or of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts in 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be VfiSted In a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the county for which he shall be chosen one year, next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one 3'ear next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

3. Members of the senate and general assembly shall bt. 
elected yearly and every year, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the 
counties, respectively, for three years. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the third year, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected f'lr the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The general assembly shall be composed of member^ 
annually elected by the legal voters of the counties, re 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of theii 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the general 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
census, and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 
sixt3^ 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 57 

each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of its proceeding-s, punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and, -with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

5. Neither house, during- the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing thereto; and the yeas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

'7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their offlce, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting of their respective houses, and in going to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 
place. 

Section V. 

1. No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature in joint 
meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased, during such time. 



58 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

2. If any member of the senate or general assembly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any ofRce or appointment un- 
der the government or the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice cf the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in thf. sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his seat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4. The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or in the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law shall provide the 
ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 59 

Section VII. 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the legislature. 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
othef^^se in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bciTTght or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid improper influences which Tnay result from 
Intermixing in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or deemed a part of the act, or which shall enact that any 
existing law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey. " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
ury under the provision of any law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpose, under any 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children in this State between the ages of fi.ve and eigh- 
teen years. 



60 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be 
under any legal disability to act for themselves. 

8. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, and of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
ways. 

Vacating any road, town p^ot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local ofl^.ces or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and support of free public 
schools. 

The legislature shall pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 61 

or every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repea\ 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1. Members of the legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfully, impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of , to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. When a governor is to be 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



62 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made by the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven- 
years next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during that time on the public business of the 
United States cr of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation 'which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the go^^ernor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, ihe same shall be a law in like manner as 
if he had signed it, unless the legislature by their adjourn- 



«TATE CONSTITUTION. 63 

ment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the governor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money, he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving- of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
which he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
All the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
he shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the government of this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
nave been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
-hall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
but this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for two years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of the house of assembly, for the time 



64 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

being-, until another governor shall be elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacanc3^ happens, during the recess of the legislature, in 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting, the governor shall 
fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such oflSce during the continuance of 
such recess. 

13. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the governor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
a court for the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II. 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the seat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or final sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its affirmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1. The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
afl^rmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial officer impeached shall be suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgment m cases of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit or trust under 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sentence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court if the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre- 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him by law in that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall operate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the court of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terms of the judges of said court now in 
office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term only. 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
jrdges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

first day of April in every successive year, except commis- 
sions to fill vacancies, which shall bear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under this constitution two, and 
not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding- census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OP OFFICE. 

Section I. 

MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be elected by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

6. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



68 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
law; and no commissioned officer shall be removed from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
law. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field offi- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

8. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointment is not otherwise provided for In this consti- 
tution. 

10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals and commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and squad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 

CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

2. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembly, in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

3. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office. 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall be 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 69 

nominated by the governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 
They shall hold their offices for five years. 

5. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them; and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

The3' shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 
tions for members of the general assembly. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

8. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as may- 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the commission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township in which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the township's in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



70 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

commission for any office shall bear date prior to the ex- 
piration of the term of the incumbent of said office. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing manner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion may be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment oi" amendments, or 
any of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments^ or such of them as may have been agreed 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 71 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature shall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall become part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form 
that the people may vote for or against each amendment 
separately and distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years. 

ARTICLE X. 

SCHEDUJjE. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change in the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, causes of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted. 

'L All officers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
shall be sworn or affirmed into office. 

4. In case of the death, resignation or disability of the 



72 STATE CONSTITUTION, 

present governor, the person who may be vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a governor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into office under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of office of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the dutj'" of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not otherwise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 73 

State of New Jersey: 

I, George Wurts, Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersey, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
IL. S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day o^ October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
*'eren. GEORGE WURTS, 



74 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected at sundry 
times and added to at various periods, is located on 
West State street, near Willow street. The grounds 
have a frontage of 425 feet on State street and extend 
southerly a distance of about 700 feet to the Dela- 
ware river. The original plot, up to the year 1910, 
had a frontage of 310 feet, extended back in a parallel- 
ogram and embraced about 3^/^ acres. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an 
act of the Legislature, approved November 25th, 1790. 
James Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewing, Maskell 
Ewing, George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Fur- 
man were appointed commissioners to select, purchase 
or accept so much land as was needed, and to erect 
thereon suitable buildings for the use of the Legis- 
lature. They purchased a site, containing about three 
and three-quarters acres — a frontage on Second street 
(now West State street) of 247 feet and 6 inches, and 
a depth from the front to low water line of the Dela- 
ware river of 666 feet — at a cost of £250 5s. The old 
State House was a plain, bare-looking, rough-cast 
building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 3s. ^d. 
By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was erected 
to serve as an office for the Secretary of State, and 
for the preservation of the public records, at a cost of 
£620 19s. lOd. Numerous improvements and repairs 
were made, and on March 3d, 1806, an act was passed 
appointing commissioners to make certain repairs to 
the State House, to provide and hang a suitable bell, 
&c. This was done, and the bell was used for inform- 
ing the members of both houses, as well as the courts, 
of the hour of meeting. The bell was eventually dis- 
carded, and an American flag substituted, which waves 
from the building unto this day, when the Legislature 
is in session, and upon holidays and State occasions. 
In 1848, the State House was altered by the removal 
of the rough-casting, and changing the style of the 
front by placing neat porticoes over the front and 
rear entrances, and erecting two additional buildings 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 75 

adjoining the main one, as offices for the Clerks of 
the Chancery and Supreme Courts. The rotunda was 
also erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out 
and shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The 
commissioners under whose direction the work was 
completed, were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamil- 
ton and Stacy A. Paxson. In 1863, '64 and '65, appro- 
priations were expended in building additions for 
the State Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, 
Charles S. Olden, Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perrine 
were appointed commissioners to cause a suitable ad- 
dition to be built — more commodious apartments for 
the Senate and Assembly, «S:c. The sum of $50,000 was 
appropriated, and the buildings for the Legislature 
were ready for occupancy in time for the meeting of 
the Legislature in 1872. In 1872, $120,000 was appro- 
priated for completing the building, $3,000 for fitting 
up the Executive Chamber, $4,000 for fitting up the 
Chancery and Supreme Court rooms, and $2,000 for 
fitting up the offices on the first floor of the east wing. 
In 1873, the sum of $43,000 was appropriated for the 
improvement of the front of the building, completing 
unfinished repairs and improvements, and for fitting up 
the Library, &c. On March 18th, 1875, the sum of 
$15,000 was appropriated for the purpose of putting a 
new three-story front to the building, and to fit up 
offices on the second floor for the Clerks of the Court 
of Chancery and Supreme Court, and for providing a 
suitable museum for geological specimens, and the 
battle-flags of New Jersey volunteer regiments, carried 
during the war of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st, 1885, the front portion was destroyed 
by fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for 
rebuilding, and in 1886, an additional appropriation of 
$225,000- was granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rec- 
tangular shape and of the Renaissance style of archi- 
tecture, with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet 
on State street, a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three 
and a half stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine 
feet across, which connects the new section of the 
Capitol with the original part. The rotunda is sur- 
mounted by a dome one hundred and forty-five feet 
high. 



76 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

The building- has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former one, and approaches about ten feet nearer 
the street. 

The walls are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 
masonry, faced with a light-colored stone from In- 
diana, known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and 
trimmings of New Jersey free stone, from the Pralls- 
ville quarries, in Hunterdon county. The portico, door- 
head and trimmings about the door are of the same 
material. The portico, with balcony, is supported by 
massive pillars of polished granite and surmounted by 
the coat of arms of the State. 

The apartments used for offices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout In the most approved modern style, and each 
department Is supplied with one or more of the finest 
fire-proof vaults. The first and second stories are set 
aside for offices, and the entire third story is used for 
the State Library. This front portion. Including the 
dome, was designed and constructed under the plans 
and supervision of L. H. Broome, architect, of Jersey 
City. 

The old State Library apartments have been im- 
proved and extended, and are now used as offices for 
the Attorney-General, State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction and Commissioner of Banking and Insur- 
ance. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one was too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Leg- 
islature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was ap- 
proved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to pro- 
vide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the use 
of the General Assembly of this State," &c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money Is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the 
warrant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Gov- 
ernor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lanning, of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jer- 
sey City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. 
Ford of Newark. It covers the site of the former cham- 
ber, and extends beyond It to Delaware street on the 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 77 

east and to the water power on the south. It has a front- 
age on Delaware street of 120 feet and a depth of 7B feet. 
The exterior finish and design of the building are similar 
to the adjoining portion of the Capitol. The foundation 
is of brown stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the 
trimmings of light Indiana stone. The interior is flnlsh> 
ed in Trenton tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary 
marble. It Is a ftre-proof building throughout, and is 
specially ventilated. The committee rooms are ample and 
convenient, and the Interior design arrangement and fin- 
ish make It a model legislative chamber. It cost the 
State $140,500. The cost of the steam heating and ventilat- 
ing systems was about $25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a f'onsul- 
tation room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Museum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other offices, and cost $34,500. 

Two Otis elevators have been placed In the building, 
which gives easy access to all the upper fioors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which Included the cost of 
an electric light plant. 

A new Senate Chamber was erected in 1903, and was 
ready for occupancy in 1904, at a cost of about $182,- 
000. In 1904 about $60,000 was expended for other im- 
provements in the Capitol. The architect was Arnold 
H. Moses, Merchantville. 

Another addition was. made to the Capitol In 1907 at 
a cost of about $100,000. It is a massive structure of a 
classical style of architecture and is finished in stucco 
to match the rest of the Capitol. It contains four 
stories above a deep basement. The construction Is 
fire-proof, consisting of solid brick walls, steel beams 
and columns and concrete floors. The exterior Is at- 
tractive with its classic lines and Indiana limestone 
trimmings. The structure was designed and all the 
plans drawn by George E. Poole. State Architect. 

In 1911 the Legislature made an appropriation of 
$60,000 for the extension of the west wing of the front 
part of the building, and in 1912 $70,000 was appro- 
priated for the extension of the east wing. 

In 1910 and subsequent years to 1915, the State pur- 
chased Delaware street, the Green property which 
fronted on West State street, properties which fronted 



78 THE STATE LIBRARY. 

on Front and Willow streets and which extended to 
the old Water Power, now Sanhican creek, all of 
which embrace about the same area as the old State 
House site, 3% acres, making a total of about 7 acres 
north of the creek. 

The land across Sanhican creek, that has been ac- 
quired by the State, has been filled in to the river wall, 
is computed to be about 19 or 20 acres, making- the 
sum total of the State's holdings about 26 acres. The 
river park has been laid out and completed by the 
State and the city of Trenton, the area of which is 
about 40 acres. The old Revolutionary Barracks and 
the old Masonic Temple have been preserved on the 
park grounds. The State park contains about 19 
acres, is an up-to-date enterprise and presents a most 
beautiful and attractive appearance. The cost of all 
the improvements was about $400,000. Additional 
property was purchased on West State street in 1917 
and subsequent years and is used for office purposes pend- 
ing the erection of a proposed office building along the 
east side oil the Capitol. 

THE STATE LIBRARY. 

This valuable collection of books is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell Ewing, Clerk of the House of As- 
sembly, for the keeping and preservation of such books 
as belonged to the Legislature. It was ordered by a reso- 
lution passed March 18th, 1796. This was the nucleus of 
the present extensive library. On February 18th, 1804, 
William Coxe, of Burlington; Ezra Darby, of Essex, and 
John A. Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Com- 
mittee on Rules to make a catalogue; they reported that 
there were 168 volumes belonging to the State, and pre- 
sented a code of seven rules, which was adopted. On 
February 10th, 1813, an act (the first one) was passed, en- 
titled "An act concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 
it appears that the Clerk of the House had charge of 
the books, as Librarian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an 
act was passed for the appointment of a State Librarian, 
annually, by joint meeting. In 1846. on April 10th, an act 
was passed making the term of office three years. The 
Law Library at that time belonged to the members of 
the Law Library Association. The only persons allowed 
the use of the Library were members of the Association, 



THE STATE ARSENAL. 79 

the Chancellor, and the judges of the several courts. 
Stacy G. Potts was Treasurer and Librarian of the Asso- 
ciation. The Law Library was kept In the Supreme Court 
room until 1837, when the Legislature authorized the 
State Librarian to fit up a room adjoining the Library 
for the care and reception of the books and papers be- 
longing to the State Library. Thus the two Libraries 
were consolidated. On March 13th, 1872, $5,000 per 
year for three years was appropriated for the Library 
by the Legislature, and by the act of March 15th, 1876, 
the sum of $2,500 was appropriated for finishing and 
refurnishing the Library room. In 1890, the Library 
was removed to the third story of the new part of the 
Capitol. 

In 1904 the Legislature made a special appropriation of 
$15,000 for the installation of steel stacks, and the shelf- 
space was doubled. There Is room now for more than 
125,000 books and pamphlets. About the same time the 
decimal classification system was introduced and the 
work of making a modern card catalogue begun, which 
was practically finished In 1905. 

THE STATE ARSENAL. 

The building now used as the State Arsenal was form- 
erly the old State Prison. It Is situate on Second street. 
In the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its 
front the following Inscription: 

Labor, Silence, Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House. 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor. 

In the XXII. Year of American 

Independence, MDCCXCVIL 

That Those Who Are Feared For Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 

HIc Labor, Hoc Opus. 

In the messages of Governors P. D. Vroom and S. L. 

Southard, recommending the erection of the new prison. 

It was proposed that the old one be converted Into an 

Arsenal for the safe keeping of the arms and military 

property of the State, which, previous to that time, had 

been kept In the old State Bank, corner of Warren and 

Bank streets, with accoutrements and camp and garrison 



80 STATE HOSPITALS. 

equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 
State convicts from the old prison, permission was given 
to the county of Mercer to occupy it as a jail until its 
Jail, then In course of completion, was finished, and when 
it was again vacated it was converted into an arsenal. 

Among the stores, &c., at the Arsenal are one bronze 
gjn, French, of the date of 1758; two bronze guns. Eng- 
lish, four-pounders, and two iron six-pounders. There Is 
also one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 
26th, 1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 
19th, 1781. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, 
ammunition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located on the left bank of the 
Delaware River, about two miles northwest of the 
City Hall. The buildings are constructed of reddish 
sandstone, obtained from quarries near the hospital, 
and are located on an elevation of about seventy-five 
feet above the river. The front of the Main, or Ad- 
ministration Building, Is ornamented by a handsome 
porch of Ionic architecture, designed by the celebrated 
Notman, from which may be obtained one of the finest 
landscape views in the State. 

In 1844, after repeated and unsuccessful attempts 
to cause action to be taken by the Legislature for 
the building of a State institution for the special care 
and treatment of the insane, a commission was ap- 
pointed, chiefly through the earnest efforts of Dr. 
Lyndon A. Smith, of Essex, and Dr Lewis Condlct, 
of Morris, and the eminent philanthropise. Miss D. L. 
Dix, to select a site. An appropriation of $35,000 was 
made to purchase the land and to commence the erec- 
tion of the building. The present site was selected 
by the commissioners from among many that were 
offered In various sections of the State, because of 
the large spring of excellent water found on the place. 
This spring was developed, and furnished a dally 
supply of about one-half million of gallons of pure 
water for many years. In the severe drought of 1880 
the supply was greatly diminished, falling off nearly 
two hundred and fifty thousand gallons. In 1907 the 
city sewer, running about 200 feet from the spring. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 81 

burst or overflowed, and this caused contamination of 
the water supply, resulting in a typhoid epidemic, so 
that it was necessary to discontinue the use of the 
spring. At present the hospital is supplied with 
water by six artesian* wells, one of which gives 150 
gallons of water per minute. The spring has been 
filled up, and thus an important landmark destroyed. 

Work was commenced on the main building in No- 
vember of 1845, and the hospital was opened for the 
reception of patients on tne 15th day of May, 1848, 
Numerous additions have been made from time to 
time to the building, Increasing its capacity. 

In 1887 the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building is a handsome structure of red sand- 
stone, and similar to that used in the main building. 
This is five hundred feet long, three stories In height, 
and capable of accommodating three hundred patients, 
one hundred and fifty of each. The building Is de- 
signed to accommodate the chronic Incurable class, 
and was a great relief from the overcrowded state 
that existed in the main building prior to its comple- 
tion. The building was completed within the appro- 
priation, and opened for the reception of patients 
In the month of October, 1889. 

Much has been done for the comfort and pleasure 
of the patients. A greenhouse has been erected for 
the purpose of furnishing plants and flowers for the 
patients' corridors, handsome pictures adorn the 
walls, and everything about the hospital presents a 
comfortable and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the larg- 
est. If not the largest. In this country, connected with 
a hospital for the insane. The books are accessible 
to all members of the household. They have been 
freely used, and do much to relieve the monotony of 
many an hour of hospital life. The library now con- 
sists of about 4,000 volumes, and Is the result of the 
bequest of a former nurse (Anne Robinson) who, by 
will, bequeathed her earnings for several years as a 
nurse and attendant In this hospital. She made the 
bequest, as she herself expressed It when making her 
will, for the purpose of purchasing books to be used 
for the pleasure and benefit of those to whom she 
had, for so many years, endeavored to minister. 



82 STATE HOSPITALS. 

During the year 1898 a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating- about four hundred, was finished; 
also, a large and commodious chapel, in which relig- 
ious exercises are held every Sunday, when various 
clergymen, without regard to flenominational prefer- 
ence, officiate. The new chapel is capable of seating 
about five hundred patients. In 1904-1905 an appro- 
priation of $250,000 was made for the erection of two 
a.ddItional wings to the annex building, which will 
accommodate 400 more patients. In 1905 the Legisla- 
ture appropriated $12,500 for the construction of fire 
escapes. 

A few years ago a modern laboratory building was 
erected, and at the present time is fully equipped for 
scientific work. 

In 1907 the new wings, spoken of above, were opened 
for the reception of patients, so that now the hospital 
is not overcrowded. 

In 1908 the Legislature appropriated $111,000 for 
extraordinary Improvements, which Included instal- 
lation of modern plumbing throughout the buildings, 
also tiling for toilet rooms, water sections, etc. 

Two buildings for tuberculosis patients, male and 
female, have been erected, and will accommodate 
twenty-five, each known as the "open air" ward. 

Since January 1st, 1908, there has been no mechan- 
ical restraint of any kind used in the hospital. All 
restraint apparatus, chairs, straight jackets, straps, 
etc., have been removed from the hospital building, 
and are stored away where no one can get at them. 

During the year 1909 the plumbing and tiling of the 
old building was completed, and the sanitary arrange- 
ments for the hospital have been considered by those 
competent to judge, to be the best of any public insti- 
tution of this character. 

In both the male and female departments a hydro- 
therapeutic apparatus has been installed for giving the 
continuous bath treatment. This apparatus was made 
especially for the hospital, and has given satisfactory 
service in the treatment of acutely excited cases. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $103,000 for ex- 
traordinary improvements. Two farms in the neigh- 
borhood of Trenton Junction have been purchased, 
which will add 250 acres of farm land to the hospital. 
A new laundry has been erected and equipped with 
modern machinery, at a cost of $30,000. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 83 

The Legislature appropriated $2,800 for research 
work, which enables the hospital to employ two 
trained field workers who g-o out in the community 
and look up facts regarding the patients' heredity 
and personal history, which gives valuable informa- 
tion to the medical history. They also engage in 
"after care" work, i. e.. in visiting discharged patients 
at certain intervals, Investigating their condition, and 
reporting to the hospital any unusual conditions which 
have any bearing on the recurrence of mental disease. 
During the years 1910 and 1911 $5,000 has been spent 
for furniture for the wards. The Legislature of 1912 
appropriated $165,000 for new buildings, including 
one for the criminal insane. The erection of additional 
liuildings to cost .$3.50,000 is now receiving attention. The 
institution at this time has about 1,900 inmates. 

STATE HOSPITAL. 

Morris Plains (P. O. Greystone Park). 

Further provision for the accommodation of the in- 
sane being made necessary by the overcrowded con- 
dition of the State Hospital at Trenton, the Legislature 
of 1871 appointed a commission to select a site and 
build a hospital in the northern part of the State. 

At a cost of $78,732.36 a tract of 408 acres of land, 
beautifully situated in the hills of Morris County, 
was purchased and work on the hospital buildings 
begun. 

Additional tracts of land have since been purchased 
at a cost of $32,318.00, making a total of 897 acres. 
at a total cost of $111,050. The original building, now 
known as the "Main Building," was erected, at a cost 
of $2,511,622. The "Dormitory Building" and a new 
reservoir, made necessary by Its construction, cost, 
when completed, about $650,000; a new laundry build- 
ing, $18,200; the nurses' cottage, $20,000, and In 1907 
the annual appraisement placed the personal prop- 
erty of the hospital at $294,709, thus making the total 
cost of the entire plant approximately $3,605,581. 

The location is ideal for an Institution caring for 
the mentally afflicted, and is unsurpassed in this par- 
ticular by any similar institution in the United States. 
The buildings command a magnificent view of the 
surrounding country, and the air is cool and balmy In 
Summer and crisp and stimulating in Winter. 



84 STATE HOSPITALS. 

The main building-, opened in 1876, Is four stories 
in heig-ht, 1,243 feet in length, 542 in depth, and has 
ten acres of floor space, it contains the executive 
offices, receptions rooms, medical library, chapel, 
amusement hall and forty wards, which, when crowded 
to their full capacity, will accommodate 1,200 patients. 

In 1901 the dormitory building was completed. It 
Is situated 1,200 feet In the rear of the main building, 
accommodates 600 patients, and is constructed on the 
day room and dormitory plan. On the fourth floor 
of the building are well-equipped pathological and 
chemical laboratories, flve splendidly-lighted rooms on 
the top floor of the northeast tower being devoted to 
this work. The laboratories have been well equipped 
with many of the latest and best Instruments for the 
prosecution of scientlflc, clinical and research work, 
and have proved to be a highly important adjunct to 
the purely psychiatric work of the hospital. 

A cottage for nurses was built in 1906. This is a 
three-story brick building, trimmed with sandstone, 
and Is situated in front and to the south of the main 
group of buildings. It Is within easy access of the 
female wards, and affords sleeping quarters for forty 
female nurses, who formerly, after working dally fif- 
teen hours with the insane, were compelled to spend 
their nights in the wards, In close proximity to noisy 
and disturbed patients. In addition to furnishing ac- 
commodation for the night, the cottage has a recep- 
tion room and library, where the nurses may spend 
their time when off duty. 

In order to give the hospital a better mail service, 
the United States government, on March 23, 1908, es- 
tablished a new post office In the main building of the 
hospital, and named It Greystone Park. The mail 
matter of the Institution was formerly handled at 
Morris Plains post office, which is one and one-half 
miles from the building. 

The Legislature of 1911 appropriated $15,000 for the 
erection of a new fire house. This flre house provides 
stabling quarters for two horses and sleeping room for 
twenty male employes who are always to be members 
of the fire department. 

The same Legislature appropriated $40,000 for the 
erection of a male nurses' home. This building accom- 
modates seventy-six men nurses. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 85 

A cold storage plant has been added to the Institu- 
tion which produces five tons of Ice per day and also 
provides a room for the storage of hospital food sup- 
plies. 

The Legislature of 1911 made an appropriation of 
$15,000 for a dynamo and building, and there was also 
appropriated $10,000 for a building for the segregation 
of tubercular patients. The same Legislature also ap- 
propriated $8,000 for screening the windows of the 
main building and dormitory building. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $69,000 for 
new buildings and alterations. 

A Training School for Nurses was established In 
1894 and it has proved to be of great advantage to the 
hospital In the humane care and treatment of the in- 
sane. A graded three-years' course is given to the 
nurses and consists of lectures and practical demon- 
strations given by the medical staff In anatomy, physi- 
ology, materia medica and therapeutics, chemistry and 
toxicology, obstetrics and gynecology, genito-urlnary 
diseases, practice of medicine, minor surgery, practical 
bedside nursing and bandaging. The course Is com- 
pulsory upon all who are employed as attendants, and 
since the establishment of the school, 226 persons have 
been granted diplomas. 

Further provision for the scientific treatment of 
patients has been made by the equipment of rooms, 
both In the male and In the female departments, with 
complete hydrotherapeutlc apparatus and by the 
installation of electrotherapeutlc appliances, and a 
powerful static machine in a room In the main build- 
ing, convenient to both male and female departments. 

A room has also been set apart and fully equipped 
with Instruments and appliances for the examination 
and treatment of patients suffering from diseased 
conditions of the eye, ear, nose and throat. 

The medical library contains over 1,300 volumes of 
carefully-selected text books and reference works on 
medical and other scientific subjects, together with 
well-bound volumes of the annual reports of every hos- 
pital for the insane In the United States, Canada. South 
American States and many of the countries In Europe. 

Among the many Improvements added in recent 
years Is a new system of keeping case records. The 
complete record of each patient from the time he en- 



86 STATE NORMAL, SCHOOL. 

ters the hospital until he is discharged is kept in a 
separate envelope, filed vertically in steel cabinets 
especially constructed for the purpose. The flies are 
thoroughly cross-indexed, which permits of needful in- 
formation being rapidly and easily obtained in any 
given case. 

Additional protection from fire has been provided 
by equipping the hospital with the Kirker-Bender type 
of fire escape. 

Fire drills are held at regular intervals so that the 
patients may become familiar with the location of the 
fire escapes and accustom themselves to their use so 
as to enable them in the event of fire to go through 
this means out of danger in an orderly and expeditious 
manner. 

The hospital has equipped Dental Rooms with the 
latest and most modern appliances, thus enabling the 
Resident Dentist to do scientific work for the patients 
needing dental attention. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated $15,000 for a 
storehouse in which all supplies are kept, and' $8,000 
was also appropriated for the construction of an in- 
dustrial building which is equipped with apparatus 
and supplies of the manufacture of a great variety 
of hospital utilities. 

The Morris Plains Hospital which now has over 2,700 
patients has $800,000 in appropriations available for very 
much needed additional buildings. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

at Trenton. 

The State Normal School at Trenton is located on 
North Clinton avenue. The property covers the entire 
block on the west side of the avenue enclosed by Mon- 
mouth, Perry and Southard streets, and has a consid- 
erable frontage on the east side of the avenue and on 
Model avenue. 

The purpose of the Normal School was described at 
the time of its founding in 1855 to be "the training and 
education of its pupils in such branches of knowledge, 
and such methods of teaching and governing, as will 
qualify them for teachers of our common schools." 

The following two-year courses are offered to grad- 
uates of high schools on the "Approved List": General 
Course; Kindergarten Course; Domestic Science 
Course; Commercial Course; Manual Training Course; 
and an Industrial Arts Teachers' Course of shorter 
length, given in connection with the Trenton School of 
Industrial Arts. 



STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 87 

In 1857 the State Model School was established, de- 
signed to be a place where the "pupils of the Normal 
School shall have opportunity to observe and practice 
the modes of instruction and discipline inculcated in 
the Normal School," and including all grades from the 
kindergarten through a full high school course. 

This school, as such, was discontinued July 1st, 1917, 
and in its place a public practice school including six 
grades was established. 

The school buildings are equipped with laboratories, 
gymnasiums and the modern appliances necessary to 
meet the requirements of good work. The dormitories 
provide a comfortable home for about 450 students. 

In addition to the campus on which the buildings 
stand there is a play field and school garden of over 
two acres fronting on Model avenue and extending to 
Lincoln avenue and the Assunpink creek. 

The following figures show the first cost to the State 
and the present valuation of the Normal School 
property. 

The first cost to the State has been supplemented 
from time to time by the contributions of private in- 
dividuals, and by the balances from the Boarding Hall 
receipts after meeting the annual expenses of the Hall. 

FIRST COST TO THE STATE. 

Original Normal and Model 

School Buildings $38,000 00 

Appropriation of 1890 40,000 00 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 00 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 00 

Appropriation of 1903 5,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 101,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 9,248 52 

Staircase, 1916 4,500 00 

Fire Protection, 1917 12,600 00 

$265,348 52 

Original Boarding Halls $30,000 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations. . 67,075 00 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

137,075 00 

Total $402,423 52 



88 STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 



PRESENT VALUATION. 

Original School Buildings $51,000 00 

Appropriation of 1S90 40,000 00 

Appropriation of 1891 8,000 00 

Appropriation of 1893 12,000 00 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 00 

Appropriation of 1897 25,000 00 

Appropriation of 1902 5,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 85,000 00 

Furniture and Apparatus 30,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 8,248 52 

Staircase, 1916 4,500 00 

Fire Protection, 1917 12,600 00 

$291,348 52 

Boarding- Halls $71,000 00 

North Wing, 1893 30,000 00 

Principal's Residence, 1893 16,000 00 

Buildings and Lot, 1899 20,400 00 

Sundry Annual Appropriations. . 67,075 00 

Appropriation of 1904 40,000 00 

Furniture 50,000 00 

$294,475 00 

Grounds 115,000 00 

Appropriation of 1913 16,000 00 

Appropriation of 1914 1,000 00 

Appropriation of 1915 4,000 00 

Total $721,823 52 

The enrollment in the Normal School in 1855 was 43. 
For the year ending June 30th, 1919, it was 457, and in 
the Training School 404. During its history the Nor- 
mal School has graduated over seven thousand students. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: 
William F. Phelps, A.M., October 1st, 1855, to March 
15th, 1865; John S. Hart, LL.D., March 15th, 1865, to 
February 7th, 1871; Lewis M. Johnson, A.M., February 
7th, 1871, to July 1st, 1876; Washington Hasbrouck, 
Ph.D., July 1st, 1876, to February 10th, 1889; James 
M. Green, Ph.D., LL.D., February 10th, 1889, to July 1st, 
1917; J. J. Savitz, A.M., Pd.D., July 1st, 1917, to the 
present time. 



MONTCLAIR NORMAL SCHOOL. 89 

SIONTCLAIR STATE NORMAL, SCHOOL, 

Upper Montclair, New Jersey. 

The Montclair State Normal School is located in the 
extreme northern part of Montclair on a plot of more 
than twenty-five acres. By special act of the legis- 
lature, so much of this site as was originally in Pas- 
saic county was set over into Essex county. 

A more beautiful or healthful site could not have 
been selected. The grounds have an elevation of 400 
feet above sea level and command an uninterrupted 
view of a landscape of remarkable beauty. The 
Orange range stretches away to the right, while at 
the front and left the Passaic valley, the Hudson 
and the taller buildings of New York City are plainly 
visible. 

The main school building, in the mission style, 
334 feet long and 133 feet deep, of brick covered with 
white stucco, is situated on the highest part of the 
grounds, facing the New York landscape. In front 
is an esplanade 260 feet long and 44 feet wide, pro- 
tected by a concrete wall from which steps descend 
to the lawn. 

About 500 feet directly in front of the main school 
building, parallel to it and connected with it by a 
broad walk of brick, is the Russ Memorial Dormitory, 
the gift of the late Edward Russ of Hoboken. 

This building, which was opened for the reception 
of students in September, 1915, is fireproof throughout 
and is designed in the Spanish Mission style, with 
white stucco exterior walls and red Spanish tile roof, 
to conform in character to the present Normal School 
building. 

The dormitory accommodates 96 students, there 
being 52 single rooms and 22 double rooms. Each 
floor is provided with ample bath and toilet room 
facilities, and at each end of the hall, conveniently lo- 
cated, are two enclosed fireproof stairs extending from 
the top floor to the ground and giving ample exits. 

The main floor is particularly well planned for the 
social requirements of a school. The living room 
at one end is 33 feet wide and 40 feet long, having 
at one end a reading room, 13 feet by 32 feet. This 



90 MONTCLAIR NORMAL. SCHOOL. 

is elevated a few steps above the general level of the 
living- room and is used as a reading room and as a 
stage for giving amateur plays. On one side of the 
living room is a large open fireplace, which adds 
much to the attractiveness of the room. 

At the other end of the building is the large dining 
room, accommodating 110 persons. This is finished in 
old ivory tints and has an attractive fireplace at one 
side of the room. 

The kitchen and serving rooms are up-to-date in 
every respect. They are arranged with a view to the 
best sanitary requirements and every convenience of 
a large kitchen has been installed. 

On the first fioor is located the matron's suite, which 
contains a living room and bedroom. There is also 
a reception room for visitors and a hospital room. 

The basement contains store rooms, trunk rooms 
and a large and well-equipped laundry. 

The sleeping rooms, both single and double, are 
equipped with comfortable and attractive furniture. 
Each student has a single iron bedstead and excellent 
mattress, a chiffonier, a desk, a commode, an easy 
chair and a straight chair. Each student has a sepa- 
rate closet for clothing. 

The equipment of both school and dormitory is of 
the latest and best. The ample grounds have been 
graded and beautified by walks, drives and by the 
planting of many evergreens and shrubs. 

Four tennis courts, a large athletic field called "The 
Bowl," a school garden of two acres and an extensive 
grove of fine trees sheltering a numerous bird life, 
give opportunity for outdoor games, athletic contests, 
field gymnastics, horticulture, kitchen garden, geog- 
raphy and nature study such as few institutions can 
offer. 

The Montclair State Normal School opened for its 
first session September 15th, 1908, with an attendance 
of 187 pupils. Its present enrollment is several hundred. 
The principal is Dr. Charles S. Chapin, who has been at 
the head of the school since July 1st, 1908. 



NE\YARK NORiLiL SCHOOL. 91 

THE NEW JERSEY STATE NORMAL. SCHOOL 

at Newark. 

The new State School building is cer.trally located 
between Broad street and Belleville avenue, at the 
intersection of Fourth avenue, and occupies, including 
its spacious grounds, an entire city block. The archi- 
tecture of the building is dignified as well as pictur- 
esque and is enhanced by the sunken garden, masses 
of bloom and hedges. The interior has been greatly 
admired for the beauty of its color scheme, its fine 
appointments and educational features. The building 
is equipped with an auditorium, gymnasium, labora- 
tories, manual training shops, sewing rooms, art 
rooms and spacious, well-ventilated class rooms for 
normal work. Special features are the demonstration 
rooms with raised seats, lecture rooms, conference 
rooms, a fine library, study halls and a splendidly 
equipped kitchen and dining room. The building also 
has a modern system of heating, lighting and ventil- 
ating and excellent sanitary conditions. 

This new building opened its doors imder State con- 
trol September 16th, 1913, with an enrollment of 450 
students and a waiting list. It may be of interest to 
note that the school is so centrally located that only 
two students requested boarding places in the city of 
Newark. The trolley and railroad facilities are such 
that they can readily come and return to their homes. 
A dozen prominent high schools are within forty 
minutes of the school. 

A large practice school is connected wMth the Nor- 
mal where students are trained under actual school 
conditions and the aim is to graduate an efficient 
corps of teachers for the public schools of the State. 

The Principal of the new State School is W. Spader 
Willis, who for fourteen years was Principal of the 
City Normal School at Newark. 



02 STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" was estab- 
lished by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. 
A farm of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near 
Jamesburg, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Sup- 
erintendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was in 
office from April 10th. 1867, till April 1st, 1874, and was 
succeeded by James H. Eastman, who was Superinten- 
dent from April 1st, 1874, till September 15th, 1884. Upon 
his withdrawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superin- 
tendent, and on December 10th, 1884, he was elected Sup- 
erintendent. In 1902 Mr. Otterson was succeeded by John 
Wildes who, March 1, 1904, gave way to John C. Kalleen. 
In 1900 the name of The Reform School was changed to 
the State Home for Boys. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campus eight 
family buildings (two of them double buildings), capa- 
ble of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hos- 
pital, store and coolc house, industrial building, elec- 
tric light, heat and power, generating station and 
farm buildings, conservatory, up-to-date cow barn, 
piggery, all of briclc, many of the buildings con- 
structed with bricks manufactured by the boys on 
the place. 

Besides domestic and farm labor, all boys are Instruct- 
ed in the rudiments of an English school education, and 
many receive instruction in shorthand and typewrit- 
ing and in the different mechanical branches and 
band music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
instructors, a building 40 by 100 feet, two stories high, in 
which are established schools for trade teaching. In 
1910, in this building, a complete outfit of machinery 
consisting of a planer, mortiser, universal and band 
saw, and others necessary to make it complete was 
supplied. While in the past, so far as the accommoda- 
tions would permit, a number of boys have received 
instruction in meclianical trades, and with the accom- 
modations furnished in the new building, a greater 
number of boys receive a more thorough knowledge 
in lines of skilled handicraft, which will the better 
prepare them to become good citizens. 



STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 93 

During 1910 the cow and dairy barn have been re- 
modeled and rebuilt, and the Legislature of 1910 appro- 
priated $40,000 with which to erect a central school 
building. The Legislature of 1912 appropriated 
$40,000 for the erection of a double cottage, and in 
1917 an assembly room was erected at a cost of $40,000. 

Since 1017 additional construction work has been done 
and ground is now being broken for a new superintendent's 
cottage. There are over six hundred boys in this Home. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

This Institution Is located on the line of the Trenton 
Branch of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, in 
the City of Trenton, near the Trenton State Hospital, and 
is located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A sub- 
stantial building was erected at a cost of $23,334, and 
other improvements since made bring the value of the 
place, with furniture, &c., up to $186,622. The value 
of the land is $16,700. Previous to the erection of 
the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," 
in the Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place 
had been leased so as to afford room for persons sen- 
tenced under the act of April 4th, 1871, and a subsequent 
act. The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the 
erection of an additional building. In 1900 and 1901 about 
$31,000 was spent for improvements and the Legislature 
of 1905 appropriated $36,000 for the erection of a new 
cottage and about $9,000 for various other improve- 
ments. On February 11th, 1910, a new administration 
building, named the "Fort Cottage," was formally 
opened. It is the counterpart of Washington's head- 
quarters at Morristown, N. J., and had served as New 
Jersey headquarters at the Jamestown, Virginia, Ex- 
position. It is most elaborately furnished with every- 
thing suggestive of the colonial period. A new cot- 
tage costing $25,000 was erected in 1911 and 1912 to 
house twenty-five little girls. The Legislature of 
1912 appropriated $16,700 for the erection of an in- 
firmary and barn. 

The institution is for girls between the ages of ten 
and nineteen years who may be committed to it by 
the courts. In 1917 $10,000 was appropriated for ad- 
ditional buildings. 

Recently a new chapel has been erected and other appro- 
priations made since 1917 for an additional cottage for 
colored girls and for other permanent improvements. 



94 THE STATE PRISON. 

THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block en- 
closed by Federal, Third, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, is one of the finest Institutions of its 
kind in the country. Its erection was authorized by an 
act of the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and It 
was completed In the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost 
of $179,657,11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the 
Ewing quarries, and the style of its architecture is Egyp- 
tian, having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception 
rooms and offices. From time to time the prison has been 
enlarged, and although there is not sufficient room to 
afford separate confinement for each prisoner, as requir- 
ed by law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far 
as possible. The rules and regulations now in force have 
brought the internal affairs of the institution, as to clean- 
liness, discipline, victualing-, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 
convince the visitor that the management Is as perfect 
as can be. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, 
and prisoners were confined In the county jails. On 
March 1st, 1797, Jonathan Doane was appointed by an act 
of the Legislature as an agent to purchase a lot of land 
from Peter Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six 
and a half acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. 
This was done at an expense of £9,842 Os. 3d., and what Is 
now the State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets. Is 
the result. Solitary confinement w^as not practiced pre- 
vious to 1836, in which year the old prison was vacated 
and the present one occupied. 

On March 4th, 1847, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On March 25th, 
1852. $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing 
for hospital purposes. On March 22d, 1860, the sum of 
$17,000 was voted for the purpose of building an additional 
wing for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum 
of $2,243.01 was appropriated to complete the same. On 
April 16th, 1868, $6,000 was appropriated for the building of 
an additional wing to provide room for female convicts. 
An act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appoint- 
ment of commissioners to extend the grounds of the 
prison to the wall of the State Arsenal, to build an ad- 
ditional wing and workshops, and made an appropriation 



THE STATE PRISON. 95 

of $50,000 for that purpose, and in the same month $9,734 
was appropriated for the purpose of completing the wing 
of the female department. On April 4th, 1871, the sum 
of $75,000 was appropriated for the purpose of completing 
the now or east wins, and on April 4th. 1S72, a further 
sum of $28,700 was appropriated for the completion of the 
same. March 3d, 1874, $12,000 was voted for the con- 
struction of gas works for the supply of Illuminating gas 
for the prison. On March 8th, 1877, the sum of $100,000 
was appropriated for the enlargement of the prison and 
the purchase of a burial ground for deceased convicts. 
The north wing was remodeled out of this last appro- 
priation and a burial ground purchased. The Legislature 
of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the enlargement and im- 
provement of the prison. The Legislature of 1899 appro- 
priated $14,000 for alterations In the women's wing of the 
pris^on. In 1905 $250,000 was appropriated for the erection 
of a new wing, and It was finished in 1907. The addi- 
tion, which is at the northeast corner of the institu- 
tion, is one of the most complete in the United States. 
There are five tiers, each having seventy cells. The 
interior is wholly of steel and concrete. ThG cells are 
separated from the outer walls by a passageway for 
the keepers and the entire section of each tfer is com- 
pletely enclosed In a cage of steel. Thirty-five cells 
are controlled by a combination looking device, al- 
though any one cell door or a series of doors can be 
thrown open by a lever system from the end of the 
corridor where the locking device is located. Between 
the cell sections there Is a narrow utility court from 
which the ventilation is controlled and where the sani- 
tary parts can be reached without any necessity for 
going into the cells. Each cell has a steel cot, porce- 
lain washstand and sanitary arrangement and Is light- 
ed by electricity. Special attention has been given to 
ventilation. A death house was also built on the prison 
grounds in 1907 to comply with the law regarding the 
electrocution of persons condemned to death. 

In 1917 $30,000 was appropriated for the reconstruc- 
tion of wine: No. 3 and a new mess hall and chapel. It is 
now possible for all of the more than one thousand in- 
mates to be congregated at one time. 



96 HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

THE NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED 
SOLDIERS. 

This institution is located in Kearny, Hudson county. 
It originated in tlie mind of Governor Marcus L. Ward 
just before tlie close of the Civil War. His petition to 
the Legislatures of 1863-64 resulted in the passage of an 
act on April 12th, 1864, appointing himself, ex-Governors 
Daniel Haines, William A. Newell and Charles S. Olden, 
and Edwin A. Stevens and Rynear H. Veghte as com- 
missioners to examine Into and report on the subject. On 
February 1, 1865. they made their report to Governor 
Parker and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for the 
desired purpose. Grounds were purchased in the city of 
Newark and In March, 1866, the same commissioners were 
appointed managers of the Home. The board appointed 
Colonel A. N. Dougherty, Commandant; Rev. Samuel T. 
Moore, Superintendent and Chaplain, and Dr. A. M. Mills, 
Surgeon, of the Home. It was opened for reception on 
July 4th, 1866. For twenty-two years the Home remained 
In Newark, when a new site was selected in Kearny. This 
comprises about sixteen acres and $225,000 was appro- 
priated for the buildings, furnishings, &c. On October 
4th, 1888, the old home was vacated and the new home 
occupied. The New Jersey Home is the parent of similar 
Institutions throughout the country. In order to gain ad- 
mission to the Home the applicant must have served In 
the army, navy or marine service and been honorably 
discharged therefrom. He must have lived In the State 
for at least two years next preceding date of applica- 
tion, or have served in a New Jersey organization, 
and must be unable to earn a living for himself by man- 
ual labor. Since 1888 various additions have been 
made and recently much interior reconstruction work has 
been done and a new plumbing system installed. 

NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, 
SAILORS OR MARINES AND THEIR AVIVES. 

Vineland. 
This Home was organized in 1898. the sum of $5,000 ha- 
ing been appropriated for the purpose. A plot of ground, 
comprising 20 acres, and a building containing about 75 
rooms and basement, situated in the town of Vineland. 
were purchased for a Home, and in 1899 an additional 
appropriation of $21,500 was made to pay for the prop- 



SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 97 

erty. In the same year the sum of $20,000 was appro- 
priated for altering, repairing and furnishing the build- 
ings. In 1900 a special appropriation of $13,000 was made 
for new floors, porches, laundry machinery, engine and 
boiler and furniture. The Home was opened in Decem- 
ber, 1899, for the admission of inmates and the first were 
admitted January 2d. 1900. In 1901 the sum of $7,700 was 
appropriated for an elevator, alterations and appliances, 
making the cost of building and land $67,200. In 1903 nine 
acres of additional land was purchased at a cost of $2,000 
and the same year an act was passed by the Legislature 
providing for the care and maintenance of widows of vet- 
erns, and the sum of $28,000 was appropriated for the con- 
struction and furnishing of buildings necessary to carry 
out the provisions of the act. An additional sum of $2,500 
was appropriated for extra work and the building was 
completed and ready for occupancy in July, 1904. 
Since then two new wings, each eighty feet long and 
containing some 120 rooms, have been added, and a 
separate boiler house In the rear of the main build- 
ings erected. A new heating and lighting plant has 
been Installed, and other marked Improvements for 
the care and comforts of the inmates completed. In 
1912 the Legislature appropriated $30,000 for a new 
hos])ital. This institution lately has been greatly improved 
by interior remodeling, the building of a new bathroom and 
the providing- of comfortable separate rest rooms for the 
men and the women. 

SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 

This Institution, which is located at Trenton, is a part 
of the public school system of the State, and Is open to 
deaf residents of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are Instructed In the 
branches of common-school education, and are also train- 
ed In some handicraft. Speech Is taught to all who can 
acquire It, and with such success that In some classes It 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The Industrial department Is larger and better equip- 
ped than In most schools of this kind. From the printing 
office Is Issued monthly a paper, the Silent Worker, 
which, in point of mechanical execution and of quality 
of contents, ranks as the best Issued from any Institution 
In the country. All the work on this paper Is performed 
by pupils of the school. 



98 HOME FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
in which theory and practice are united In an unusual de- 
gree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to 
the deaf child, has been worked out in the school, and 
has been followed by some of the best schools of the kind 
In this country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed In accord- 
ance with the best modern practice and ample to meet 
any possible need, was opened in 1899. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 in June, 
1896, until at the present time it is about 200. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 4.000 volumes, and is rapidly 
growing. In 1917 $40,000 was appropriated for im- 
provements. 

ROMS FOR THE CARE AND TRAINING OP FEEBLE- 
MINDED WOMEN. 

Vineland. 

This Institution was established by virtue of the act of 
March 27th, 1888, the late S. Olin Garrison, who drafted 
the original law. being Its first superintendent. On No- 
vember 7th, of the same year, he was succeeded by Mary 
J. Dunlap, M.D., and then by Dr. Madeleine A. Hallo- 
well. Upon organization of the first board of mana- 
gers, the late Hon. Alexander G. Catell, of Camden 
county, was chosen President, a place he acceptably 
filled until his death. He was succeeded by the Hon. 
Benjamin F. Lee, of Mercer county, Clerk of the Su- 
preme Court, who occupied the position until his 
death In 1909. Mrs. Emily E. H. Williamson, of 
Union county, was secretary of the board from its 
organization until her death in 1909. The first 
treasurer was the Hon. Belmont Perry, of Gloucester 
county, he being succeeded by ex-Senator Philip P. 
Baker, of Cumberland county; the late Senator Barton 
F. Thorn, of Burlington county, and George B. Thorn, 
Esq., of Burlington county, the present incumbent. 
Harry H. Pond was elected President in 1909. 

As Its official title suggests, this institution has for Its 
object the care and training of feeble minded women. 
Its location In a peculiarly healthful and fertile portion 
of the State, the plan and scope of the buildings, as well 



SCHOOL FOR FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 99 

as their equipment and the employment of modem ad- 
ministrative methods, make the Home a subject for fav- 
orable comparison with any similar Institution In the 
country. The property consists of about 50 acres. 

The most conspicuous building of the Home Is that de- 
voted to purposes of administration and instruction, In- 
cluding dormitories and a gymnasium. There Is also a 
laundry, a power-house, with heating apparatus, and 
pump for raising the sewage of the home Into the Vine- 
land system. Fire escapes and a water tower give pro- 
tection to the State's wards. All the buildings are light- 
ed with gas or electricity. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $60,000 for a 
new dormitory, &c. 

TRAINING SCHOOL FOR FGEBLK-MINDED 
CHILDREN. 

Vineland. 

This public Institution Is an outgrowth of a private one, 
which Prof. S. Olin Garrison established In Millvllle, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1887. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1888, with an enrollment of ten 
pupils. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected In 
1890-91. There are fourteen cottages, besides a hospital, 
large barns, shops and manual training" rooms, located 
on a farm of 260 acres. The school has a fine assem- 
bly hall, seating over 600, and also containing seven 
school rooms, drill room and a gymnasium. The De- 
partment of Research has a well equipped laboratory, 
where studies as to the cause and prevention of feeble- 
mindedness are carried on. 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers In English, Kindergar- 
ten, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades depart- 
ments, thereby Indicating the special and comprehensive 
fields of Instruction. There Is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the Idiotic. 

The property Is worth over $250,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $21,000. Besides very good prop- 
erty acquisitions at low cost, at least $150,000 have 
been donated to the school since Its organization, to 
aid in the current expenses, In Improvements and new 
buildings. 



100 STATE VILLAGE FOR EriLEPTICS. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

Sklllman, Somerset County. 

This village Is located In Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, at Skillman Station, on the line of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The location is 
one of the most beautiful and healthful in the State, 
and is admirably adapted for the purposes of this 
kind of an institution. The managers have secured 
five adjoining farms containing in all about 1,005 
acres. 

The five farm houses are now being used, one for 
the Administration building, one for residence of the 
Superintendent, one for patients and two for employes. 
In all there are 54 buildings, 19 used for house 
patients. 

In 1884 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
the epileptics from the insane, went before a legislative 
committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,- 
000 to erect a building upon the grounds of that Institu- 
tion for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. 
S. Olin Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training 
School for Feeble-Minded Children, at Vlneland. early re- 
cognized the necessity of separate provision for the epi- 
leptics In that Institution, and was indefatigable in his 
efforts to establish the present village. 

For a number of years the subject was agitated, and 
In 1895, In accordance with a resolution passed by the 
Legislature, the Governor appointed a commission to In- 
vestigate the number and condition of epileptics In the 
State. The report of the commission was presented to 
the Legislature of 1896 and a bill was Introduced for the 
establishment of a colony on a plan recommended by the 
commission. The bill falling to become a law, the New 
Jersey State Medical Society, by resolution at their an- 
nual meeting in 1896. endorsed the necessity of such 
legislation. In 1897 the President, Dr. Thomas J. Smith, 
of Bridgeton, most ably presented the necessity of pro- 
viding for the epileptics, and urged that the State author- 
ities be importuned most earnestly to revive the move- 
ment initiated the year before to establish an industrial 
epileptic colony In our State. The Society reaffirmed its 
position, and appointed a committee to urge the matter 
further. 



NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 101 

Through the combined efforts of those interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provi- 
sions for the establishment of the institution. The sum 
of 115,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the vil- 
lage. The "Maplewood Farm," containing about 187 
acres, was purchased for $11,500, and the village was 
opened for the reception of male patients November 1st, 
of the same year. 

The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. Additional 
appropriations were made each year from 1901 to 1911, 
aggregating $900,000, for extensions and improve- 
ments. All epileptics of either sex, over five years of 
age, and not insane or idiotic are admitted. 

In 1912 the Legislature appropriated $78,000 for new 
buildings. 

NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

Rahway. 

In 1895 the Legislature passed an act, approved by 
Governor Werts on March 28 of that year, providing 
for the appointment of a commission to consist of 
six persons, who were charged with the duty of build- 
ing an Intermediate reformatory Institution for first 
male offenders. The commission was authorized to 
set apart the property known as the Edgar farm, 
located in Union and Middlesex Counties, and then 
belonging to the State Sinking Fund. 

If It were found necessary they were authorized to 
purchase adjoining property for the completion of 
the site at a cost not to exceed ten thousand dollars, 
but this authority was not used. 

The institution, when completed, was designed to 
accommodate not less than one thousand Inmates, 
and the sum of one hundred thousand dollars was ap- 
propriated to begin the work. 

The site now comprises about 115 acres. That 
which is not occupied by the buildings or enclosed 
within a stockade surrounding the same, furnisher 
occupation to the Inmates, and Is devoted to the pur- 



102 NEW JERSEY REFORMATORY. 

pose of tillage, to supply farm products and sustain 
the aninnals used by the institution. 

The original Commissioners were Patrick Farrelly, 
George S. Mott, David M. Chambers, William A. Ure, 
John T. Daly and Thomas M. Gopsill. 

According to the plans originally adopted the build- 
ing, when completed, was to have four wings, capable 
of accommodating 1,024 Inmates. The first wing and 
centre were completed in the year 1901, and Inmates 
were then first received. 

First male offenders only are admitted between the 
ages of sixteen and thirty years. 

The criminal courts of the State are empowered in 
their discretion to commit offenders to the Reforma- 
tory Instead of State Prison. The original commission 
was replaced by the present Board of Commissioners, 
consisting of nine persons, including the Governor, 
and no more than four to be of the same political 
party. 

The reformatory and grounds are located about one 
and a half miles south of the City of Rahway. The 
buildings now erected comprise the guard-room build- 
ing, northeast and southeast wings, the domestic 
building and "Tie-to" building, connecting It with the 
guard-room building, the industrial building, new 
tuberculous pavilion, independent water system with 
filtering plant, two trades' school buildings and wall, 
power house, hospital for contagious diseases, barn, 
hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold storage 
warehouse. 

The "Tie-to" building, the hospital, the pavilion, 
barn, hennery, piggery, shelter station and cold stor- 
age warehouse were constructed entirely by the in- 
mates and without cost to the State, except for mate- 
rial. 

The construction of a sewage disposal system con- 
tracted for by the former Board of Managers, has 
been completed recently by Inmate labor. 

The Inmates are detailed to different trade classes, 
and do all the work required for betterments and 
repairs. They enjoy daily educational advantages and 
are regularly drilled In military tactics. 



STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 103 

STATE TUBERCULOUS SANITARIUM. 

Glen Gardner. 

This Sanitarium, which was completed In 1907, is lo- 
cated at Glen Gardner, near High Bridi^e, Hunterdon 
county. The site is on the slope of a mountain nearly 
1,000 feet above the level of the sea, where the State 
has acquired about 600 acres. The slope has been cut 
away and leveled for a considerable space, and here 
the buildings were constructed. On a clear day the 
view from this point is one of the most magnificent in 
this picturesque section of North New Jersey. It looks 
away over a rolling country of wooded hills and culti- 
vated farm lands to the mountains on the other side of 
the valley, which run at Its foot. Away In the dis- 
tance like a thin ribbon of silver is the South Branch 
river, and in whatever direction the eye turns some 
new and charming scene is encountered. The structure 
consists of a service building, administration building 
and east and west wards. The service building is the 
source of supplies for the institution. It is 84x110 feet, 
three stories, Including basement, In which Is the 
boiler room, engine room and electric light plant. A 
cold storage is located in the basement. On the second 
floor is the main dining hall, which Is 84x48 feet, the 
service room, bakery, kitchen, storeroom, butcher shop 
and cold storage. The third flood Is fitted up with 
rooms for the doctors, employees' rooms. Ironing, dry- 
ing and linen rooms, coat rooms, sterilizing room, &c. 
All the buildings are built of field stone, stuccoed on 
the outside and finished with white plaster on the In- 
terior. The ward building is 32x150 feet and the ad- 
ministration building 52x120 feet. The buildings are 
so constructed that additions may be made from time 
to time as the necessity of the case demands. About 
175 patients can be comfortably accommodated in the 
ward buildings. The water supply is derived from a 
large reservoir which Is kept supplied from the springs, 
The system of sewerage is among the most sanitary 
in existence. The total cost of the Sanitarium repre- 
sents an outlay of about $300,000. 

The first Impetus for caring for the State's consump- 
tive poor was given In an address delivered In 1900 be- 
fore the State Medical Society by Dr. Halsey, then 
4 



104 BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL. 

president. A bill was drawn by a committee of the 
society, and wag passed by the Legislature in 1902, 
when a Board of Managers was appointed by Governor 
Murphy. Of this Board, Dr. Charles J. Kipp of Newark 
was elected president, and for whom the mountain on 
which the State Sanitarium was built v/as named. The 
Legislature appropriated $50,000 to carry the bill into 
effect. The Sanitarium is Intended as a model institu- 
tion, largely educational in character, which would 
give a practical demonstration of up-to-date methods 
of treating cases of tuberculosis and point the way for 
other Institutions of a similar type, at the same time 
extending the direct benefits of Its system to as large a 
number of cases as Its necessarily limited facilities 
would enable it to care for. The institution handles 
about six hundred cases annually. Its purpose is 
to arrest the disease in its Incipient stage and dis- 
charge the patient in such condition that, with the 
aid of the instruction he receives while at the institu- 
tion, he may be reasonably certain of being able to ef- 
fect his own cure. This Instruction will prove valuable 
not only to himself, but to the public In general, as It 
becomes disseminated through his agency and that of 
the other patients who undergo treatment and go out 
again in the world at large. As a rule, the cases se- 
lected will be such as can be treated with reasonable 
expectancy of a cure. In 1912 the Legislature appro- 
priated $89,500 for new buildings. 

BORDENTOWN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL,. 

The Manual Training and Industrial School for Col- 
ored Youth located at Bordentown. N. J., is a State 
institution maintained by appropriations from the 
State and under the supervision of the State Board 
of Education. 

The purpose of the school is to make good citizens 
and to prepare its graduates to participate intelli- 
gently and efficiently in the economic and industrial 
life of the communities in which they live. The 
school aims to teach each student a trade, and also 
to surround him with a wholesome, refined and in- 
dustrious atmosphere. It is patterned after the plan 
of Hampton and Tuskegee, one-'nalf day being given 
to trade work and the other half to academic work 
correlated with the trades. 



STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN. 105 

The school occupies a conspicuous site on the 
banks of the Delaware River, comprising 275 acres 
of good farm land. The physical equipment of the 
school includes an administration building ; two girls' 
dormitories : a boj^s* dormitory and barracks ; a laundry ; 
a trade building for machine shop, auto repairing and 
carpentry ; a printing shop ; and a group of farm buildings. 

Approximately 200 students are enrolled, this num- 
ber exhausting the facilities for accommodation. 

Tuition is free, and a nominal charge is made for 
board, washing, medical attendance and registration. 

STATE REFORMATORY FOR W OMEN 

at Clinton. 

The Jleformatory is located on a farm of 346 acres, 
one and one-half miles from Clinton. It was dedicated 
on May 26th, 1913. 

There are five buildings in use at this institution, as 
follows: 1, Fielder Cottage, old farmhouse, enlarged to 
accommodate 25 to 30 women; 2, Homestead Cottage, 
accommodates 10 to 12 women; 3, Stowe Cottage for 
colored, accommodates 27 to 30 women; 4, Cottage for 
help, accommodates utility man and family; 5, Chapel 
of Good Shepherd, used as chapel and school. Nos. 1 
and 2 are old farm buildings; No. 2 used to be used 
by the utility man and family. The third old farm 
house is so in bad repair that it cannot be used either 
for inmates or officers. It is used to store farm equip- 
ment in during the winter. 

Officers: Fielder Cottage — 2, teacher, nurse; Home- 
stead Cottage — 3, superintendent, farm manager, parole 
officer and psychologist; Cottage for Help — 2, utility 
man, farm laborer; Stowe Cottage — 4, colored matron, 
colored teacher, dietitian, bookkeeper. The last two 
officers simply live in Stowe Cottage; they do no work 
there. 



106 STATE CAMP GROUNDS. 

STATE COLONY FOR FEEBLE MINDED MALES. 

New Lisbon. 

This institution is located in Burlington County, six miles 
from New Lisbon, on the Long Branch Division of the 
P. R. R. Has a farm of sixty acres, whicli is being de- 
veloped principally by the inmates. 

The present population is one hundred and provisions are 
under way to develop to a capacity of five hundred. The 
construction is principally cement block buildings, stuccoed 
outside. The location, some distance from the railroad, but 
exceptionally healthy on account of the surrounding pine 
forests, makes it desirable for the class of inmates ad- 
mitted. It is intended to develop a large farm, by inmate 
labor, from the adjoining State reservations. 

There are at present ten substantial buildings and ground 
is being broken for the construction of a dormitory build- 
ing to admit sixty additional cases, ,for which an appro- 
priation of $60,000 was granted last year. 

An improved road will be built during the summer of 
1921 between New Lisbon and the Colony. 

The admissions for the present are desired to be of such 
mentality that they may be able to contribute to the pres- 
ent development. 



STATE CAMP GROUNDS. 

Sea Girt. 

With a view to provide a suitable location for a per- 
manent camp of instruction for the National Guard, the 
Legislature by an act approved April 20, 1884, authorized 
the Quartermaster-General to "lease or purchase, with the 
approval of the Commander-in-Chief, a suitable ground for 
that purpose," to combine the essentials necessary for in- 
struction in camp duty, drills and parades with natural 
advantages for the establishment of a range for rifle prac- 
tice, and a sea coast battery for heavy artillery practice. 

Quartermaster-General Lewis Perrine and Major-General 
Gershom Mott, then commanding the Division, National 
Guard, after consultation and inspection by Governor Leon 
Abbett, located a temporary camp on a property at Mana- 
squan known as the "Bailey Farm," lying near the sea 
shore, and here the first encampment of the National Guard 
in the vicinity of Sea Girt was held in 1884. The u.se of 
these grounds was discontinued in 1885. 

The Stockton Farm at Sea Girt (the present location of 
the Camp Ground) the property of the Sea Girt Land Im- 



STATE FISH HATCHERY AND GAME FARM. 107 

provement Company was then visited and finding it admir- 
ably located and fully adequate for all purposes of a 
militarj' camp, it \Aas leased for a term of five or ten years 
at an annual rental of $3,000 and the first encampment 
held there August 15th to 22d, 1885 ; and it has been used 
for encampment and mobilization purposes in peace and 
war up to the present time. 

In 1891, when General Richard A. Donnelly was Quar- 
termaster-General, the tract was purchased and title ac- 
quired. In 1907, Quartermaster-General Murray acquired 
by purchase, authorized by the Legislature, two additional 
tracts at the lower end of the ground giving an ocean 
frontage equal to the western boundary line. With these 
additions the total area of the camp grounds is 165 acres 
at a total cost of $88,085.27. 

The cottage on the camp ground, knowns as the "Little 
White House," was removed from its original location 
fronting the ocean roadway to a position south of the 
famous "Little Round Top" and facing the parade grounds. 
This little building has become historical for in it have been 
entertained many dignitaries, of State, >sational and for- 
eign repute. 

In 1906. the New Jersey State Building used at the 
Louisiana-Purchase Exposition, held at St. Louis, was re- 
moved to and erected at the State Camp Grounds at the 
entrance thereto facing the parade grounds. This beauti- 
ful building has also been the scene of many political and 
social gatherings and is used each summer by the Governor 
of the State as his headquarters as commander-in-chief of 
the militia of the State. 



STATE FISH HATCHERY AND GAME FARM. 

In 1012 the Board of Fish and Game Commissioners se- 
cured land at Hackettstown. Warren County, for the estab- 
lishment of a fish hatcherj% and land at Forked River. Ocean 
County, for the establishment of a Game Farm. In the 
beginning the Legislature made some direct appropriations, 
but since 1915 both establishments, as well as the entire 
work of the Board, are maintained from direct receipts of 
the Board, thereby relieving the people at large from any 
expense in their upkeep or for what they produce. 

The hatchery embraces 106 acres. Operations commenced 
in 1912. There are 160 ponds, carrying 7,200.000 gallons 
of water. The supply consists of approximately 2,500.000 
gallons daily of pure spring water owned and controlled 
by the State, and 2,500,000 gallons of spring brook water 
largely owned and controlled by the State. The last an- 
nual output of fish was 28,336.829, consisting of brook. 



108 STATE FISH HATCHERY AND GAME FARM. 

brown and rainbow trout, large and small mouth bass, 
yellow and pike perch. The average number of employes 
for farm, hatchery and construction work is 15. 

Among the buildings are : Superintendent's residence, 
containing four rooms for Commissioner's use, foreman's 
residence, gate lodge, hatchery building, nursery building, 
building- for meat room, ice house and workshop, barn, 
storehouse, and laboratory. 

The grounds are attractively arranged, producing a park 
like effect. 

The game farm has 587 acres. Operations commencen 
in 1912. The farm consists of alx)ut an equal amount of 
woodland, salt meadows and cultivated lands surrounded 
by an eight foot fence, excepting on the meadows where 
the fence is .four feet. One hundred and twenty-five acres 
are fenced for a deer park, and 10 acres are fenced for a 
rabbit warren. The annual game production is about 
0,000 head, consisting of English pheasants, wild turkeys, 
quail and deer. The average number of employes for farm 
and game production is 11. 

Among the buildings are : Hatching house. 50 x 18 feet : 
incubator building. 50 x 20 feet ; chi-cken houses, brick pump 
house, five enclosed pens containing approximately three 
hundred square feet, these pens being seven feet high and 
covered with two-inch mesh wire, and a number of smaller 
pens ; Superintendent's residence, containing rooms for 
Commissioners ; two frame dwelling houses, gate lodge, ice 
house, barns and other suitable structures. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 109 



CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

1774-5, James Kinsey; 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen 
Crane, *John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson, William 
Livingston, Richard Smith, Richard Stockton; 1776-7, 
Jonathan D. Sergeant; 1776-8, Abraham Clark, Jona- 
than Elmer; 1776-9, John Witherspoon; 1777-8, Elias 
Boudinot; 1777-9, Nathaniel Scudder; 1778-9, Frederick 
Frelinghuysen, Elias Dayton; 1778, John Neilson; 
1778-80, John Fell; 1779, Thomas Henderson; 1779-81, 
William Ch. Houston; 1780-1, William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 1780-3, Abraham Clark; 1780-2, John 
Witherspoon; 1781-3, William Paterson; 1782-3, Fred- 
erick Freling-huysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan 
Elmer; 1783-5, John Beatty, Samuel Dick; 1783-4, John 
Stevens, Sr.; 1784-5, Charles Stewart, William Ch. 
Houston; 1784-7, Lambert Cadwalader; 1785-6, John 
Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Hornblower; 17S6-7, James 
Schureman; 1786-8, Abraham Clark; 1787, William 
Paterson; 1787-8, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jonathan 
Dayton. 



*Resigned ; was succeeded by John Hart. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

FROM 1789 TO DATE. 

I. 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

II. 1791-3— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Abraham Clark, 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex; Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

III. 1793-5— John Beatty, Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonathan 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794); Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy). 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; Thomas 
Henderson, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-1801— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport, 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell, 
Morris: James Linn, Somerset. 



110 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit, Es?ex; Ebenezer Elmer, Cum- 
berland; William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlir.gton; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

VIII. 1803-5— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlington; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, Ber- 
gen. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John I^ambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, Essex 
(until 1808) ; Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1808-9). 

XI. 1809-11— James Cox, Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms, Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold, Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. 1811-13- Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict, Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell, Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thomas Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIII. 1813-15— Lewis Condict, Morris; William Cox, Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton, Somerset; Thomas Ward, Es- 
sex; James Schureman, Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns, Essex (1814-15). 

XIV. 1815-17 — Ezra Baker, Gloucester; Ephraim 
Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth; 
Lewis Condict, Morris; Henry Southard, Somerset; 
Thomas Ward, Essex. 

XV. 1817-19 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Ben- 
jamin Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Bur- 
lington; Charles Kinsey, Essex; John Linn, Sussex; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

XVI. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield, Burlington; John Linn, Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1820); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

XVn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland, Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester: Lewis Condict, Morris; Samuel Swan, Somerset 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. Ill 

XDL 1825-7-George Cassady. Bergen; Lewis Condlct. 
Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Bur- 
lington. 

XX. 182/-9— Lewis Condlct, Essex; Isaac Pierson, Essex; 
Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George E. Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson, Salem (until 1828); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (1828-9); Thomas Sinnickson, Salem (1828-9). 

XXI. 1829-31— Kichard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
diet, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXIL 1831-3-Lewis Condlct. Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIIL 1833-5— Philemon DIckerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D,), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.). Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel Fowler (D.), Sus- 
sex; Thomas Lee CO.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.), 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.). Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.), Burlington; William Chetwood (D.), Essex 
(vacancy 1836-7). 

XXV. 1837-9— John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.). Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones York (W.), Salem. 

XXVI. 1839-41— William B. Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic; Joseph P. Randolph 
(W.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall (D.). Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.), Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVII. 1841-3— John B. Aycrigg (W.). Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (iV.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Cbaries C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W). Salem. 

XXVIII. 1843-5— Lucius Q. C. Elmer (D.), Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.). Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee (D.), Hunterdon; William 
Wright (W.). Essex. 

XXITf- 1S45-7— James G. Hampton (W.), Cumberlanc': 
Samuel G. Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D.), (vacancy), Burlington; John Runk (W.), Hun- 



112 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

terdon; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1847-9 — James G. Hampton (W.), Cumber- 
land; William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van 
Dyke (W.), Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; 
Dudley S. Gregory (W.), Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), Camtden; 
William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke 
(W.), Middlesex; Isaac Wildrick (D.), Warren; James 
G. King (W.), Hudson. 

XXXII. 1851-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown 
(W.J, Somerset; Isaac Wildrick (D), Warren; Rodman 
M. Price (D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Glouces- 
ter; Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.), 
Hunterdon; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penn- 
ington (W.), Essex. 

XXXIV. 1855-7— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.). Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (,D.), Morris; A. C. M. Penning- 
ton (R.), Essex. 

XXXV. 1857-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Salem; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garret B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. Wor- 
tendyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garret B. Adrain 
(D.), Middlesex; Jetur R. Riggs (D.), Passaic; William 
Pennington (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3— John T. Nixon <'R.), Cumberland; 
John L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; William G. Steele, 
(D.), Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemiah 
Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; 
George MIddleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele 
(D.), Somerset; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Nehe- 
miah Perry (D.), Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; Will- 
iam A. Newell (R.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves 
(D.). W"arren; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Ed. R. 
V. Wright (D.), Hudson. 

XL. 1867-9— William Moore iR), Atlantic; Charles 
Haight (D.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), War- 
ren; John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), 
Lissex. 

XLL 1869-71— William Moor© (R.), Atlantic; Charlea 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 113 

Halght (D.), Monmouth; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.), Hudson. 

XLII. 1871-3— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam'l 
C. Forker (D.), Burlington; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1873-5— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus I... Ward (R.), Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1875-7— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XL.V. 1877-9— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddle (R.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLVI. 1879-81— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XL.VII. 1881-3— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), Morris; 
Phineas Jones (R.), Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.), 
Hudson. 

XLVTII. 1883-5— Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Hov/ey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps CR.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler iD.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1885-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robert S. Green (D.), Union; James 
N. Pidcock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1837-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D,), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

LiL 1889-91— Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 



114 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Buchanan (R.), Mercer; Jacob A. Gelssenhalner (D.). 
Monmouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. 
Beckwith (R.), Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

LII. 1891-3— C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 
Buchanan (R.). Mercer: J. A. Gelssenhalner (D.), Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A. Cadmus 
(D.). Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 'E. F. Mc- 
Donald (D.), Hudson. 

LHI. 1893-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.). Glouces- 
ter: John J. Gardner (R.). Atlantic; J. A. Gelssenhalner 
(D.), Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A. 
Cadmus (D.). Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; 
George B. Fielder (D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), 
Union. 

LIV. 1895-7 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex: Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T, Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.). Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LV. 1897-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James 
T. Stewart (R.). Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Es- 
sex; Thomas McEwan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fow- 
ler (R.), Union. 

LVI. 1899 — 1901 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; 
James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 
(R.), Essex: tWilliam D. Daly (D.), Hudson; Charles N. 
Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVn. 1901-3 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell CR.), Middlesex; tJoshua S. Salmon (D.), Mor- 
ris; James T. Stewart (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker 



•Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was suc- 
ceeded by George B. Fielder. 

tMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L. McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
ternru 

tMr. Salmon died during the first session of this Con- 
gress, and DeWltt C. Flanagan (D.), was elected to fill 
the vacancy. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 115 

(R.), Essex; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVIII. 1903-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex: •William M. Lanning (R.), 
Mercer; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; William 
Hughes (D.), Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), 
Essex; William H. Wiley (R.), Essex; Allan Benny 
(D.), Hudson; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

LIX. 1905-7 — Henry C, Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.). Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; Henry C. Allen (R.), 
Passaic; Richard Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William 
H. Wiley (R.), Essex; Marshall Van Winkle (R.), Hud- 
son; Allan L. McDermott (D.), Hudson. 

KX. 1907-9 — Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Glouces- 
ter; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. How- 
ell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; Charles 
N. Fowler (R.), Union; William Hughes (D.), Passaic; 
R. Wayne Parker (R.). Essex; LeGage Pratt (D.), 
Essex; Eugene W. Leake (D.), Hudson; James A. 
Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXL 1909-11 — Henry C Loudenslager (R.), Glou- 
cester; John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. 
Howell (R.), Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; 
Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union; W^lliam Hughes (D.), 
Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; William H. 
Wiley (R.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson, 

LXIL 1911-13 — tWilliam J. Browning, (R.), Camden; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Ira W. Wood (R.), Mercer; William E. 
Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; ••William Hughes (D.), Pas- 
saic; Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; Walter I. Mc- 
Coy (D.), Essex; Eugene F. Kinkead (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

•Mr. Lannlng resigned after the first session of this 
Congress, and Ira W. Wood (R.), was elected to the 
vacancy. 

tMr. Browning succeeds Henry C. Loudenslager, who 
died August 12th, 1911. 

••Mr. Hughes resigned in September, 1912, and Mr. 
Archibald C. Hart (D.). Bergen, was elected to the 
vacancy. 



116 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

KXIIL 1913-15— William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
J. Tliompson Baker (D.), Cape May; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Allan B. Walsh (D.), Mercer; William 
E. Tuttle, Jr. (D.), Union; ***Archibfld C. Hart (D), 
Bergen; iKo1)ei-t (1. Bremnei- (,D.), I'assaic ; -Eugene F. 
Kinkead (D.), Hudson; nValter I. McCoy (D.), Essex; 
Edward W. Townsend (D.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXIV. 1915-17 — William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully 
(D.), Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Trenton; 
John H, Capstick (R.), Morris; Archibald C. Hart (D.), 
Bergen; Dow H. Drukker (R.), Passaic; Edward W. 
Gray (R.). Essex; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; 
Frederick R. Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. Eagan 
(D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXV. 1917-19 — William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Mercer; *John H. 
Capstick (R.), Morris; John R. Ramsey (R.), Bergen; 
Dow H. Drukker (R.). Passaic; Edward W. Gray (R.), 
Essex; Richard W. Parker (R.), Essex; Frederick R. 
Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. Eagan (D.), Hudson; 
James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

LXVI. 1919-21 — 5William J. Browning (R.), Camden; 
Isaac Bacharach (R.), Atlantic; Thomas J. Scully (D.), 
Middlesex; Elijah C. Hutchinson (R.), Mercer; Ernest 
R. Ackerman (R.), Union; John R. Ramsey (R.), Ber- 
gen; Amos H. Radcliffe (R.), Passaic; Cornelius A. 
McGlennon (D.), Hudson; Daniel F. Minahan (D.), 
Essex; Frederick R. Lehlbach (R.), Essex; John J. 
Eagan (D.), Hudson; James A. Hamill (D.), Hudson. 

For members of LXVII Congress see another page. 



♦♦♦Succeeded Lewis J. Martin (D.), who died May 5th, 

1913. 

iMr. Bremner died February .".th. 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded by Dow H, Drukker (R.). 

2Mr. Kinkead was elected Sheriff of Hudson County, 
November 3d, 1914. 

3Mr. McCoy resigned October 2d, 1914, and was suc- 
ceeded for the short term by Richard Wayne Parker 
(R.). 

*Mr. Capstick died March 17th, 1918, and was suc- 
ceeded by William F. Birch for the short term in De- 
cember, 1918. 

•JMr. Browning died March 24, 1920, and was succeeded 
for the short term by Frank F. Patterson, Jr. 



THE JUDICIARY. 117 

THE JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLORS. 



1710, Andrew Hunter; 1719, William Burnet ; 1728, John 
Montgomery ; 1731, Lewis Morris ; 1732, William Cosby ; 
1732, John Anderson ; 1732, John Hamilton ; 1738, Lewis 
Morris; 174G, John Hamilton; 1747, John Reading; 1747, 
Jonathan Belcher; 1757, John Reading; 1758, Francis Ber- 
nard ; 1760, Thomas Boone ; 17G1, Josiah Hardy ; 1762, 
William Franklin; 1776, William Livingston; 1790, Wil- 
liam Paterson ; 1793, Richard Howell ; 1801, Joseph Bloom- 
field ; 1802, John Lambert; 1803, Joseph Bloomhekl ; 1812, 
Aaron Ogden ; 1813, William S. Pennington ; 1815, Muh- 
lon Dickerson ; 1817. Isaac H. Williamson; 1829, Garnt 
D. Wall (declined); 1829, Peter D. Vroom ; 1832, Samuel 
L. Southard; 1833, Elias P. Seely ; 1833, Peter D. Vroom; 
1836, Philemon Dickerson: 1837, William Pennington; 
1S4.S. Daniel Haines: 1845. Oliver S. Halstcd ; lS52-5'.>. B.>n- 
jamin Williamson : *1.S(;0. Henry W. Oreon : 18«)(). Al.rabani 
O. Zabriskie; 1873, Theodore Runyon : 1887, Alexander T. 
McGill: 1900, William J. Magie ; 1908, Mahlon Pitney; 
1912. Edwin Robert Walker. 



VICE-CHANCELLORS. 

1871-'75, '81, Amzl Dodd ; 1875-'95, Abraham V. Vaa 
Fleet; 1882-*90, John T. Bird; 1890-'96, Robert S. Green; 
1889-1907, Henry C. Pitney; 1901, Eugene Stevenson; 1904- 
•13, Lindley M. Garrison; l904-'07, James J. Bergen; 1896- 
1906, Martin P. Grey ; 1895-1915. John R. Emery ; 1895- 
1904, Alfred Reed : 1896-1919. Frederic W. Stevens : 1906, 
Edmund B. Leaming ; 1907-'16. James E. Howell : 1907-'12, 
Edwin R. Walker; 1912, Vivian M. Lewis; 1913, John 
Griffin, John H. Backes : 1916, John E. Foster : 1916-1919, 
Merritt Lane; 1919, Malcolm G. Buchanan; 1919, James 
F. Fielder. 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 

1704, Roger Morapesson ; 1709. Thomas Gordon; 1710, 
David Jamison; 1723, William Trent; 1724, Robert Lettlce 

Hooper: 172S. Thomas Farmer; 1729, Kobert Lettice 

♦There was a vacancy in the chancellorship from March. 
1859. to March 15, 1860. 



118 THE JUDICIARY. 

Hooper ; 1738, Robert Hunter Morris ; 1758, William 
Aynsley ; 17G1, Robert Hunter Morris : 1764, Cbarles 
Road ; 1764, Frederick Smyth ; 1776. Richard Stockton 
(declined) : 1776, John De Hart (declined) ; 1777, Robert 
Morris; 1770, David Brearley ; 1789, James Kinsey ; 
1803. Andrew Kirkpatrick ; 1824, Charles Ewing ; 1832, 
Joseph C. Hornblower ; 1846-53, Henry W. Green ; 1853, 
Peter D. Vroom (declined) ; 1853, Alexander Wurts (de- 
clined) ; 1853-60. Henry W. Green ; *1861, Edward W. 
Whelpley ; 1864, Mercer Beasley : 1897, William J. Magie ; 
1900, David A. Depue ; 1901, William S. Gummere. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

1704, William Pinhorne ; 1705, William Sandford ; 1705, 
Andrew Bowne ; 1706, Daniel Coxe ; 1708, Thomas Revel; 
1708, Daniel Leeds; 1710, Peter Sonmans : 1710, Hugh 
Huddy ; 1711, Lewis Morris; 1711, Thomas Farmer; 1721, 
Peter Bard ; 1734, Daniel Coxe ; 1735, John Hamilton ; 
1739, Joseph Bonnel ; 1739. John Allen; 1748, Samuel Xe- 
vil ; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, Richard Salter ; 1764, John 
Berrien ; 1772. David Ogdon ; 1774, Richard Stockton ; 

1776, Samuel Tucker; 1776, Francis Hopkinson (declined); 

1777, Isaac Smith; 1777, John Cleves Symmes : 1788. John 
Chetwood ; 1797, Andrew Kirkpatrick ; 1798. Elisha Boudi- 
not; 1804, William S. Pennington; 1804, William Rossell ; 
1813, Mahlon Dickerson ; 1815, Samuel L. Southard; 1820, 
Gabriel H. Ford ; 1826. George K. Drake ; 1834. Thomas C. 
Ryerson ; 1838, John Moore White; 1838, William L. Day- 
ton; 1838, James S. Nevius ; 1841, Daniel Elmer; 1841, 
Ira C. Whitehead; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter; 1845, Joseph 
F. Randolph ; 1845. James S. Nevius ; 1848, Elias B. D. Og- 
den; 1852, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 1852, Stacy G. Potts; 1852, 
Daniel Haines; 1855. Peter Vredenburgh ; 1855, Martin 
Ryerson ; 1855. Elias B. D. Ogden : 1858, Edward W. Whelp- 
ley ; 1859. Dauiel Haines: 1859, William S. Clawson ; 1859, 
John Vandyke ; 1861, George H. Brown ; 1861, L. Q. C. El- 
mer ; 1862, Peter Vredenburgh; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer; 1862, 
Elias B. D. Ogden; 1865. Joseph D. Bedle ; 1866. Vancleve 
Dalrimple ; 1866, George S. Woodhull ; 1S66 to 1901, David 
A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83, '90, '97 and 1904. Bennet Van 
Syckel: 1869, '76, '83 and '90. Edward W. Scudder ; 1875. 
'82 and '89, Manning M. Knapp : 1875 to 1906. Jonathan 
Dixon ; 1875 to '95, 1904 to '11. Alfred Reed ; 1880 to 18SS, 
Joel Parker; 1880 to 1897, William J. Magie: 1888 to 1920; 
Charles G. Garrison; 1892. George T. Werts ; 1893 and 
1900. Job H. Lippincott; 1893 to 1895, Leon Abbett : 1895 
to 1901, William S. Gummere : 1895 to 1901. (loorse C. 
Ludlow; 1897 to 1903, Gilbert Collins: 1900 to '07. John 
Franklin Fort ; 1900 and '07, Abram Q. Garretson ; 1901-'08, 



♦There was a vacancy in the Chief Justiceship from 
March 15, 1860, to January 21, 1861. 



THE JUDICIARY. 119 

Charles E, Hendrickson ; 1901 and '08, Mahlon Pitney ; 1903 

to , Francis J. Swaj-ze ; 1906, Thomas W. Trencbard ; 

1907, Charles W. Parker; 1907, James J. Bergen; 1908 
to '14, Willard P. Voorhees ; 1908, James F. Minturn ; 1911, 
Samuel Kalisch ; 1914, Charles C. Black; 1920, Frank S. 
Katzenbach, Jr. 



COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS— JUDGES. 

1845-'50, James Speer ; 1845, Joshua Brick ; 184o-'49, 
Ferdinand S. Schenck ; 1848, James J. Spencer ; 1848-'50, 
Robert H. McCarter ; 1849-'50, Thomas Sinnickson, Garret 
D. Wall ; 1850-'62, Joseph L. Risley ; 1851-'66, John M. 
Cornelison; 18ol-'5G, Moses Mills; 1852-'54, Caleb H. Val- 
iutine ; 1852, Thomas Arrowsmith ; 1853-'56, John Huyler ; 
1857-*04, William N. Wood ; 1857-'63, Joshua Swain ; 1858- 
'G3, Joseph L. Combs; 18G0-'73, Robert S. Kennedy; 1863- 
'66, George F. Fort; 1861-'81, Edmund L. B. Wales; 1864- 
'94, John Clement ; 18G4-'71. George Vail ; lS6G-'74. James 
L. Ogdon ; 1868-'74, Charles S. Olden ; 1871-'82, Francis 
J. Lathrop ; 1872-'85, Caleb S. Green ; 1873-'80, Samuel 
Lilly; 1872-'82, Amzi Dodd ; 1881-'91, Martin Cole; 1882- 
'93, Jonathan S. Whittaker ; 1885-'90, Hendrlck II. Brown ; 
1883, '84, William II. Kirk; 1883-'89, William Paterson ; 
1886-'90. John McGregor ; 1890-'95, Abram C. Smith ; 1S91- 
1915, John W. Bogert; 1892-1903, Gotfried Krueger ; 1893, 
'94, William Walter Phelps; 1895, '90, Clifford Stanley 
Sims ; 1894, '95, Robert S. Green : 1895. '96, George T. 
Smith; 1895, '96, Albert R. Tallman ; 1897-1900, James 
II. Nixon; 1897, William L. Dayton, John S. Barkalow ; 
1897-1901. Charles E. Hendrickson; 1S97-191G. William 
II. Vredenburg; 1898-1904. Frederic Adams; in,.l--05. 
Peter D. Voorhees ; 1902-'13, G. D. W. Vroom ; 1904-'10, 
George R. Gray ; 1904-'09, Elmer Ewing Green ; 1906-'10, 
James B. Dill; 1910-'14. Joseph W. Congdon ; 1011, Mark 
A. Sullivan ; 1911, John J. White; 1912. '13. John J. Treacy ; 
1913-'19, Henry S. Terhune ; 1013. Ernest J. Ileppenheimer ; 
1914. Robert Williams: 1915. Frank M. Taylor; 1916, Wal- 
ter P. Gardner ; 1919, Henry E. Ackerson, jr. 



CIRCUIT COURT JUDGES. 

1893-1900, Richard T. Miller, Francis Child; 1896-1903, 
Henry M. Nevius ; 1900-'03, James II. Nixon, Francis J. 
Swayze; 1003-"19, Frederic Adams; 1903-"07, Charles W. 
Parker; ir)03-'ll. Allen B. Endicott ; lOOl-'ll, Wilbur A. 
Heisley ; 1906-'14, Benjamin A. Vail : 1906. Frank T. Lloyd ; 
1907-'08, James F. Minturn; 1907, William H. Speer; 1908- 
•14, Charles C. Black; 1911-'13, Clarence L. Cole; 1911, 
Nelson Y. Dungan : 1913-20. Howard Carrow ; 1914, Luther 
A. Campbell. George S. Silzer : 1916, Willard W. Cutler; 
1919, Worrall F. Mountain ; 1920, Ralph W. E. Donges. 



120 THE JUDICIARY. 



ATTORNEYS-GENERAL. 

1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719. Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733, Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776, William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Bloomfleld; 1792, Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811. Andrew S. Hunter; 1817, Theodore Frellnghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L. Southard; 1833, John Moore White; 1838. Richard 
S. Field; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852, Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861, 
F. T. Frellnghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1876, Jacob Vanatta; 1877. John 
P. Stockton; 1897, Samuel H. Grey; 1902, Thomas N. McCar- 
ter; 1903, Robert H. McCarter: 1908. Edmund Wilson; 
1914, John W. Wescott; 1919, Thomas F. McCran. 



CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 

1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840. Samuel R. Gummere; 1847, 
Joseph Scatterg-ood; 1851, Daniel B. Bodine; 1856, Wil- 
liam M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gummere; 1871, Henry 
S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, Allan L. Mc- 
Dermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson; 1901, Edward C. 
Stokes; 1905, A^ivian M, Lewis; 1909, Samuel K. Rob- 
bins; 1914, Robert H. McAdams; 1919, Jesse R. Salmon. 

CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 
1776, Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776, Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788, Richard Howell; 1793, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807. William Hyer; 1812, Garret D. Wall; 1817, 
Zachariah Rossell; 1842. EH Morris; 1842. James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857, Charles P. Smith; 1872. Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897. William Riker. Jr.; 1912. Joseph P. 
Tumulty; 1913, William C. Gebhardt; 1918, Enocli L. 
Johnson. 



STATE OFFICERS. X21 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 

1776, Charles Pettit (resigned October 7th. 1778) ; 1778, 
Bowes Reed ; 1794, Samuel W. Stockton ; 1795, John Beatty ; 
1805, James Linn ; 1820, Daniel Coleman ; 1830, James D. 
Westcott ; 1840, Charles G. McChesney ; 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison ; 1861, Whitfield S. Johnson ; 1866, Horace N. Con- 
gar ; 1870, Henry C. Kelsey ; 1897, George Wurts ; 1902, 
Samuel D. Dickinson ; 1912, David S. Crater ; 1915, Thomas 
F. Martin. 

STATE TREASURERS. 

1776, Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777) ; 
1777, John Stevens, Jr. ; 1783, John Schureman (declined) ; 
1783, James Mott ; 1799, James Salter; 1803, Peter Gor- 
don ; 1821. Charles Parker ; 1832, William Grant ; 1833, 
Charles Parker; 1836, Jacob Kline; 1837, Isaac Southard; 
1843, Thomas Arrowsmith ; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson ; 1847, 
Samuel S. Stryker ; 1848, Samuel Mairs ; 1851, Rescarrick 
M. Smith ; 1865. David Naar ; 1866, Howard Ivins ; 1868, 
William P. McMichael ; 1871, Josephus Sooy. Jr. ; 1875, 
Gershom Mott ; 1876. George M. Wright ; 1885, Jonathan 
H. Blackwell; 1885. John J. Toffey ; 1891. George R. Gray; 
1894. George B. Swain ; 1902. Frank O. Briggs ; 1907. 
Daniel S. Voorhees ; 1913, Edward E. Grosscup ; 1916, 
William T, Read. 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 
1865. William K. McDonald; 1871, Albert L. Runyou ; 
1877. Robert F. Stockton; 1880. Edward J. Anderson; 1891, 
William C. ITeppenheimer ; 1804. William S. Hancock ; 1902, 
J. Willard Morgan; 1908. Harry J. West; 1911, Edward I. 
Edwards; 1917, Newton A, K. Bugbee. 

ADJUTANTS-GENERAL. 
1776. William Bott ; 1793, Anthony Walton White; 1803, 
John Morgan ; 1804, Ebenezer Elmer ; 1804, Peter Hunt ; 
1810, James J. Wilson ; 1812. John Beatty ; 1814. James J. 
Wilson; 1814, Charles Gordon; 1816. Zachariah Rossell ; 
1842, Thomas Cadwallader ; 1858, Robert F. Stockton, Jr. ; 



122 STATE OFFICERS. 

1867, William S. Stryker : 1900. Alexander C. Oliphant : 
1902, R. Heber Breintnall; 1909, Wilbur F. Sadler, Jr. 
(Died Nov. lOtli, 1916); 1916-17, Charles W. Barber; 
1917, Frederick Gilkyson. 

QUARTERMASTERS-GENERAL. 

[The office of Quartermaster-General of New Jersey 
was established by an act of the Legislature, approved 
March 11th, 1806.] 

1807-1814, Jonathan Rhea; 1814, Charles Gordon; 
1814-1821, Ellet Tucker; 1821-1824, James J. Wilson; 
1824-1837, Garret D. Wall; 1837-1855, Samuel R. Hamil- 
ton; 1855-1889, Lewis Perrine; 1890-1905, Richard A. 
Donnelly; 1905 — C. Edward Murray. 

[General Lewis Perrine died in 1889 and the vacancy 
was filed by Adjutant-General Stryker until the ap- 
pointment of General Donnelly. General Donnelly died 
February 27th, 1905.] 

STATE LIBRARIANS. 

1822, William L. Prall; 1823 to '28, Charles Parker; 
1829 to '33, William Boswell; 1833 to '36, Peter For- 
man; 1837 to *42, Charles C, Yard; 1843 to '45, Peter 
Forman; 1845 to '52, William D'Hart; 1852 to '53, Syl- 
vester Vansickle; 1S53 to '66, Charles J. Ihrie; 1866 to 
'69, Clarence J. Mulford; 1869 to '71, Jeremiah Dally; 
1872 to '83, James S. McDanolds; 1884 to '99, Morris R. 
Hamilton; 1899 to 1914, Henry C. Buchanan: 1914 to 

1919, John P. Dullard; 1919 to , Francis E. Croas- 

dale. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 

William Crooks; ISll, Henry Bellerjeau; 1822, Francis 
Lalmw; 1829, Ephraim Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 
1836, Joseph A. Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob 
B. Gaddis; 1843, Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddis; 
1851, William B. Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 
1862, T. V. D. Hoag-land; 1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866, 
Peter P. Robinson; 1868, George A. Walker; 1869, 
David D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 1873, 
Charles Wilson; 1876, Gershom Mott; 1881, P. H. Lav- 
erty; 1886, John H. Patterson; 1896, Samuel S. Moore; 
1902, George O. Osborne; 1912, Thomas B. Madden; 
1916, Richard P. Hughes; 1917, James H. Mulheron. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



123 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below Is a record of the length of each session, the date oi 
meeting and adjournment of, and the number of laws enacted 
by the various Legislatures since the adoption of the new Consti- 
tution In 1S44: 















Joint 












Laws 


Resolu- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. 


enacted 


. tions. 


1845— January 14, 


April 


4, 


12 Weeks. 


138 


7 


184G— * 


13, 


•• 


18, 


14 


114 


15 


1847— • 


12, 


M'ch 


5, 


8 


109 


13 


1848— * 


11. 


" 


9. 


9 


130 


14 


1849- * 


9. 


• • 


2. 


8 


136 


12 


1850— ' 


8, 


•• 


8, 


9 


123 


9 


1851— ' 


14, 


•* 


19, 


10 


171 


3 


1852— ' 


13. 


•• 


30, 


11 


213 


9 


1853— • 


12, 


•• 


11, 


9 


198 


12 


1854— ' 


10, 


" 


17. 


10 


223 


13 


1855— ♦ 


9, 


April 


6, 


13 


258 


5 


]85e— ' 


8. 


M'ch 


14, 


10 


180 


11 


1857— • 


13. 


" 


21, 


10 


223 


2 


1858— • 


12, 


*• 


18, 


10 •• 


215 


8 


1859— ' 


11, 


" 


23, 


11 


231 


1 


18G0— • 


10, 


«« 


22. 


11 


270 


6 


18G1— • 


8, 


•• 


15. 


10 


181 


2 


18(i2— ' 


14, 


•• 


28. 


11 


194 


6 


1863— • 


13. 


" 


25, 


11 


279 


3 


18G4— * 


12, 


April 


14, 


14 


446 


7 


18G5— • 


10. 


" 


6. 


13 " 


514 


6 


18G6— ' 


9, 


• • 


6. 


13 


487 


6 


18G7— 


18. 


•• 


12, 


12 


480 


12 


18G8— ' 


14. 


'• 


17, 


14 


5G6 


11 


18G9— • 


12, 


'* 


2, 


12 


577 


5 


1870— ' 


11. 


M'ch 


17. 


10 


532 


6 


1871— • 


10. 


April 


6, 


13 


625 


9 


1872— • 


9, 


• • 


4, 


13 " 


603 


10 


1873— ' 


14. 


'« 


4, 


12 


723 


1 


1874— ' 


13. 


M'ch 


27, 


11 


534 


1 


1875— ' 


12, 


April 


9. 


13 


439 





187G— ' 


11. 


" 


21, 


15 


213 


6 


1877— ' 


9. 


M'ch 


9. 


9 


156 


6 


1878— • 


8, 


April 


5, 


13 


267 


7 


1879— ' 


14. 


M'ch 


li. 


9 


209 


8 


ISSO— ' 


13. 


" 


12. 


9 


224 


4 


1881— ' 


11, 


" 


25. 


11 


230 


10 


1882— ' 


10. 


• • 


31, 


12 •• 


190 


7 


1883— ' 


9. 


" 


23, 


11 


208 


6 


18&4— • 


8. 


April 


18, 


15 


225 


9 


1885— • 


13. 


" 


4, 


12 


250 


4 


188G— • • 


12. 


June 


2, 


15 


279 


3 


1887— t ' 


11, 


April 


7, 


13 


182 


8 



♦ After a session of 14 weeks the House took a recess on April 
16th till June 1st. The Senate continued In session, as a Court 
of Impeachment, till April 22d, when a recess was taken till June 
1st. Dp to the time of taking the recess the Senate and House 
were In session together 14 weeks, and the Senate, by itself, one 
week. 

t The Senate did not organize till February 1st 



124 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 













Joint 










Laws 


Resolu- 


Tear. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length, 


enacted 


. tlon«. 


ISSS— Jau'y 10, 


M'ch 30. 


12 Weeks 


337 


11 


1889— •• 


8, 


April 20. 


15 


297 


8 


1890— 


14. 


May 23. 


19 


311 


8 


1891— •• 


13. 


M'ch 20. 


10 


285 


6 


1892— " 


12. 


•* 11, 


9 


296 


1 


189.3— " 


10. 


n. 


Q 


202 


2 


1S94— t " 


9, 


Oct. 2. 


20 


354 




1895— § " 


8, 


June 13, 


13 


434 


8 


189G— " 


14. 


M'ch 26. 


11 


219 


2 


1897— " 


12. 


•• 31. 


12 


206 


1 


1898— •• 


11. 


" 2a. 


11 


242 


2 


1899— " 


10. 


" 24. 


11 


219 


8 


1900— 


9. 


" 23. 


11 


198 


8 


1901— " 


8. 


" 22. 


11 


210 


2 


1902— " 


14. 


•' 27. 


11 


279 


4 


1903— " 


13. 


April 2. 


12 


273 


3 


1904— " 


12. 


M'ch 25. 


11 


2.'>0 


10 


190.'>— " 


10. 


" .30. 


12 " 


270 


5 


1906— 


9. 


April 12. 


14 


331 


11 


1907— • •• 


8. 


Oct. 12. 


40 


290 


8 


1908— " 


14. 


April 11. 


13 


322 


11 


1909— " 


12. 


•• 16. 


14 


272 


8 


1910— '• 


11. 


7. 


13 


308 


2 


1911 — 


10. 


21, 


15 


382 


8 


1912—** " 


0, 


" 16, 


In 


420 


10 


1913— tt " 


14, 


3, 


12 


367 


6 


1914 — 


33. 





13 


274 


o 


]91.'v-$t " 


1'-'. 


" 2o; 


15 


413 


6 


191&— " 


11. 


M'ch 29, 


12 


289 


9 


1917— " 


9. 


'• 23. 


12 


278 


11 


1918— ■' 


8, 


Feb. 28, 


8 


290 


5 


1919— t " 


14, 


April 11, 


13 


261 


9 


1920— ■' 


13, 


Jau'y 11. 


52 


377 


2 



1921. 

t On May 2Gth a recess wag taken until October 2cl, when the 
Legislature re-assembled, and, without transacting any business, 
adjourned sine die at 3:30 in the afternoon. 

§ On March 22d, a recess was taken until June 4th, when the 
Legislature re-assembled, and, remaining in session two weeks, 
adjourned sine die on June 13th. 

• This Legislature was in continuous session 14 weeks, and oa 
April 12 adjourned to June 18. Then there was another ad- 
journment, and subsequently frequent recesses were taken until 
final adjournment. 

** This Legislature was in session until March 29th, then took a 
recess to April 10th, and on April 11th took a recess to April 16th 
and then adjourned sine die. 

tt First special session. May 6th to 26th. Laws enacted. 22. 

tt Second special session, August 5th to 12th. Laws enacted, 2. 

tt ."^Nnecial session. May 3d. Laws enacted, 2. 
t House did not organize until February 10th. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



125 



POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1845 to date.) 



1845— Senate, 


12 Whigs: 


7 Dems. 


House, 


80 Whigs; 


27 Dems.; 


Native American. 










1846— Senate, 


12 Whigs; 


7 Dems. 


House. 


40 Whigs; 


18 Dems. 


1847— Senate. 


12 Whigs; 


7 Dems. 


House, 


38 Whigs; 


20 Dems. 


1848 — Senate. 


12 Whigs; 


7 Dems. 


House, 


39 Whigs; 


19 Dems. 


1849— Senate. 


10 Whlga; 


9 Dems. 


House, 


33 Whigs; 


25 Dems. 


1850— Senate, 


9 Whigs; 


11 Dems. 


House, 


25 Whigs; 


35 Dems. 


1851— Senate, 


10 Whigs; 


10 Dems. 


House, 


, 28 Whigs; 


; 30 Dems. 


1852 — Senate, 


13 Dems.; 


7 Whigs. 


House, 


45 Dems.; 


15 Whigs. 


1853— Senate, 


13 Dems.; 


7 Whigs. 


House, 


39 Dems.; 


21 Whlgg 


1854— Senate, 


13 Dems.; 


7 Whigs. 


House. 


40 Dems.; 


20 Whigs. 


1855— Senate, 


10 Dems.; 


9 Whigs; 


1 Natire American. House, 



29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 
1856 — Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs; 4 Native American. 

30 Dems.; 14 Whigs; 1 Ind. Dem. ; 15 Native American. 
1857— Senate, 11 Dems.; 6 Whigs; 3 Know Nothings. 

38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 

1858 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1859 — Senate, Democratic. House, Opposition. 

1860 — Senate, Democratic. House, 30 Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 Amer- 
ican. 

1861 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1862 — Senate, Democrats and Republicans, tie; Independent, 1. 
HousCi Democratic. Democratic majority on joint ballot, 3. 

1863-64 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1865 — Senate, Democratic. House, a tie. 

1866-67 — Both Houses Republican. 

1868-69-70 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1871-72-73— Both Houses Republican. 

1874 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 32 Repub- 
licans; 28 Democrats. 

1875 — Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats. House, 41 Demo 
crats: 19 Republicans. 

1876 — Both Houses Republican. 

1877 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House, a tie. 

1878 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1879-80-81— Both Houses Republican. 

1882— Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1883 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 35 Demo- 
crats; 25 Republicans. 

1884 — Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885 — Both Houses Republican. 

1886 — Both Houses Republican. 

1887 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, House, 32 Demo- 
crats, 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888 — Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 37 Repub- 
licans ; 23 Democrats. 

1889 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House, 32 Dem- 
ocrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 
crats; 23 Republicans. 



10 Democrats. House, 37 Demo- 



126 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



1891 — Senate, 14 Democrats; 7 Republicans, 
crats; 20 Republicans. 

1892 — Senate, 16 Democrats- 5 Republicans, 
crats; 18 Republicans. 

1893 — Senate, IG Democrats; 5 Republicans, 
crats; 21 Republicans 

1894 — Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
licans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1895 — Senate, 16 Republicans; 5 Democrats. 
Ucans; 6 Democrats. 

189G — Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
licans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

I89l — Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats, 
licans; 4 Democrats. 

1898-99 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. 
pui)licans; 23 Democrats. 

1900 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 
licans; IG Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

190i — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 
Means: 15 Democrats. 

1902 — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 
licans; 14 Democrats. 

1903-4 — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats 
licans; 22 Democrats. 

lOO'o — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats, 
licans; 14 Democrats. 

1906 — Senate, 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats, 
licans; 1 Ind. Rep.; 3 Democrats. 

1907— Senate, 15 Republicans; G 
crats; 29 Republicans. 

lOOS — Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 
licans; 20 Democrats. 

igOO—Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
licans; 15 Democrats. 

1010 — Senate, 15 Republicans; 8 Democrats, 
licans; 19 Democrats. 

1911_Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats, 
licans; 42 Democrats. 

1912— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
licans; 23 Democrats. 

1913 — Senate, 12 Democrats; 9 Republicans, 
crats; 8 Republicans; one vacancy. 

1914 — Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans, 
crats: 23 Rernibllcans. 

1915_Senate. 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats, 
licans: 22 Democrats. 

1916 — Senate. 13 Republicans; 
licans: 20 Democrats. 

1917— Sen.'ite, 15 Republicans ; 
licans: 16 Democrats. 

1918— Senate, 15 Republicans: 
licnns; 14 Democrats. 

1919 — Senate, 14 Republicans: 
30 Republicans: 30 Demof-rats. 

1920 — Senate, 15 Republicans: 
licans; 27 Democrats. 

1921 — Senate. 15 Remiblifans; 



House, 40 



House, 39 
House, 39 
House, 54 
House, 43 
House, 56 



Democrats. House, 43 

Democrats. House, 45 

Democrats. House, 46 

House, 38 

House, 46 

House, 56 

Democrats. House, 31 

Democrats. House, 40 

House, 45 

House, 41 

House, 18 

House, 37 

House, 51 

House, 37 

House, 38 

8 Democrats. House, 40 

6 Democrats. House 44 

6 Democrats. House, 46 

6 Democrats: 1 vacancy. 

6 Democrats. House, 33 

6 Democrats. House, 58 



Demo- 
Demo- 
Demo- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
37 Re- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Demo- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Demo- 
Demo- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
Repub- 
House, 
Repub- 
Repub- 



licans; 1 Democrat. One vacancy. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 127 



VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUNCIL. 

(From 1776 to 1844, when the new Constitution was f ormea. » 

(The Governor under the 1776 Constitution was 

President of the Council.) 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens, Hunterdon. 
1782 —John Cox. Burlington. 
1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 
1785-88— Robert Lettls Hooper, Hunterdon. 
1789-92— Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1793-94 — Thomas Henderson, Monmouth. 
1795 —Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 
1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 
1798-1800— George Anderson, Burlington. 
1801-04— John Lambert, Hunterdon. 

1805 —Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 —George Anderson, Burlington. 

1807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1808 —Ebenezer Seeley. Cumberland. 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark, Essex. 

1812 —James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark, Essex. 
1814-15— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse Upson, Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset. 

1826 — Ephralm Bateman, Cumberland 

1827 —Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 ^Caleb Xewbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condlct, Morris. 
1831-32— Ellas P. Seeley. Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dickerson, Morris. 

1834 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles Sitgreaves, Warren. 

1836 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839- 40— Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 —John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 —William Chetwood, Essex, 

1844 —Jehu Patterson. Monmouth. 



128 l^EGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

SENATE PRESIDENTS. 

1845 to Date. 



1845-48 — John C. Smallwood, Gloucester. 
1849-50 — Ephralm Marsh. Morris. 

1851 —Silas D. Canfleld. Passaic. 

1852 — John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56— W. C. Alexander, Mercer. 
1857-58— Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. 

1859 — Thomas R. Herring, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. C. Glfford. Essex. 

1861 — Edmund Perry. Hunterdon. 

1862 — Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1863 — Anthony Reckless, Monmouth. 

1864 —Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 

1865 —Edward W. Scudder, Mercer. 

1866 — James M. Scovel, Camden. 

1867 — Benjamin Buckley, Passaic. 
1868-G9— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 —Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 
1871-72— Edward Bettle, Camden. 
1873-75— John W. Taylor, Essex. 

1876 — W. J, Sewell, Camden. 

1877 — Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1878 — G. C. Ludlow, Middlesex. 
1879-80— W. J. Sewell, Camden. 
1881-82— G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner, Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail. Union. 

1885 —A. V. Schenck. Middlesex. 

1886 —John W. Griggs. Passaic. 

1887 — Frederick S. Fish, Essex. 

1888 — George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 — George T. Werts. Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Nevius, Monmouth. 
1891-93— Robert Adrain, Middlesex. 

1894 — Maurice A. Rogers, Camden. 

1895 — Edward C. Stokes. Cumberland. 

1896 — Lewis A. Thompson. Somerset; Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1897 — Robert Williams. Passaic. 

1898 — Foster M. Voorhees, Union; William 11. Skirm (pro 

tem.), Mercer. 

1899 — Charles A. Reed. Somerset. 

1900 — William M. Johnson. Bergen. 

1901 — Mahlon Pitney, Morris. 

1902 — C. Asa Francis. Monmouth. 

1903 —Elijah C. Hutchinson. Mercer. 

1904 — Edmund W. Wakelee. Bergen. 

1905 — 'Joseph Cross. Union; *Wm. J. Bradley, Camden. 
1908 — William J. Bradley. Camden. 

1907 — Bloomfleld H. Mlnch. Cumberland. 

1908 — Thomas J. Hlllery, Morris. 



• Joseph Cross resigned on March 30, and he was succeeded by 
William J. Bradley. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 129 

1909 — fSamuel K, Robbing, Burlington; Joseph S. Frellnghay- 

sen, Somerset. 

1910 — Joseph S. Frellnghuysen, Somerset. 

1911 — Ernest R. Ackerman, Union. 

1912 — John Dyneley Prince, Passaic. 

1913 — 'James F. Fielder, Hudson; James A. C. Johnson, Ber- 

gen (pro tern.). 

1914 — .Tolin W. Slocum. :Monmouth. 

1915 —Walter E. Edge, Atlantic. 

1916 — William T. Read, Camden; George W. F. Gaunt, Glouces- 

ter (pro tem.). 

1917 — George W. F. Gaunt, Gloucester. 

1918 — Thomas F. McCran, Passaic. 

1919 — William N. Runyon, Union. 

1920 ^Clarence E. Case, Somerset. 

1921 — Collins B. Allen, Salem. 

SENATE SECRETARIES. 

1845-47— Daniel Dodd. Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 — John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53— Samuel A. Allen, Salem. 
1854 — A. R. Throckmorton, Hud.son. 
1855-56 — A. R. Throckmorton, Monmouth. 
1857-58 — A. B. Chamberlain, Hunterdon. 
1859-60 — John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1801 — Joseph J. Sleeper. Burlington. 
1862-63 — Morris R. Hamilton. Camden. 
1864-65 — John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67 — Enoch R. Borden, Mercer. 
1808-69 — Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 
1870 — John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74— John F. Babcock, Middlesex, 
1875-76 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78 — C. M. Jemlson, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1880-82 — George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-85— W. A. Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88 — Richard B. Reading, Hunterdon. 

1889 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92 — John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1893 — Samuel C. Thompson, Warren. 

1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97 — Henry B. Rolllnson, Union. 
1898 — George A. Prey, Camden. 

1899-1900 — Augustus S. Barber, Jr.. Gloucester. 
1901-02-03-04— Walter E. Edge. Atlantic. 
1905-10 — Howard L. Tyler, Cumberland. 

1911 — William C. Murphey, Camden. 

1912 — Francis B. Davis, Gloucester. 
1913-14— William L. Dill. Passaic. 
1915-16-17— Francis B. Davis. Gloucester. 
1918-21- William IT. Albright, Gloucester. 

t Samuel K. Robbing resigned on April 16 and was succeeded 
by Joseph S. Frellnghuysen. 
* Became Acting Governor, March 1. 



130 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

ASSEMBLY SPEAKERS. 

1776 to Date. 

1776-78— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 1778— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp. Essex. 

1780 — Josiah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 
1782-83— Ephralm Harris, Cumberland. 
1784 —Daniel Hendrickson, Monmouth. 
1784-86 — Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1787 —Ephralm Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty, Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton, Essex. 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condict. Morris. 

1795 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1796 —James H. Imlay, Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condict, Morris. 
1798-1800— William Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dickerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe, Burlington. 

1803 —Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth. 
1808-09— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy, Sussex. 

1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 

1813 -Ephralm Bateman. Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1816 —Charles Clark. Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 

1823 —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 

1824 -David Johnston. Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing, Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1832 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
1833-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 
1836 —Thomas G. Haight, Monmouth 
1837-38— Lewis Condict, Morris. 

1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41— John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris. 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 131 

1845 — Isaac Van Wagenen, Essex. 

l.H4(> — Lewis Howell, Cumberland. 
1847-48 — John W. C. Evans, Burlington. 

1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley. Morris. 

1850 — John T. Nixon, Cumberland. 

1851 —John H. Phillips, Mercer. 

1852 —John Huyler, Bergen. 

1853-54 — John W. Fennimore, Burlington. 

1855 — William Parry, Burlington. 

1856 — Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 — Andrew Dutcher, Mercer. 

1858 — Daniel Holsman, Bergen. 

1859 —Edwin Salter, Ocean. 

1860 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1861 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 —Charles Halght, Monmouth. 

1863 —James T. Crowell, Middlesex. 

1864 — Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1865 — Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 

1866 —John Hill, Morris. 

1867 — G. W. N. Curtis, Camden. 

1868 — Aug. O. Evans, Hudson. 
1809-70 — Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 —Albert P. Coadit, Essex. 

1872 —Nathaniel Niles, Morris. 

1873 — Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 — Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1875 — George 0. Vanderbiit, Mercer. 

1876 — John D. Carscallen, Hudson. 

1877 — Rudolph F. Rabe, Hudson. 

1878 — John Egan, Union. 

1879 — Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 

1880 — Sherman B. Ovlatt, Monmouth. 

1881 — Harrison VanDuyne, Essex. 

1882 — John T. Dunn, Union. 

1883 — Thomas O'Connor, Essex. 

1884 —A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-86 — E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 

1887 — William M. Baird, Warren. 

1888 —Samuel D. Dickinson. Hudson. 

1889 — Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 

1890 — W. C. Heppenbelmer, Hudson. 
1891-92 — James J. Bergen, Somerset. 

1893 — Thomas Flynn, Passaic. 

1894 — *John I. Holt, Passaic; •Joseph Cross, Union. 

1895 — Joseph Cross, Union. 

1896 — Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 — George W. Macpherson, Mercer. 
1898-99— * 'David 0. Watkins, Gloucester. 
1900 — Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 
1901-02 — William J. Bradley, Camden. 
1903 — John G. Horner, Burlington. 
1904-05 — John Boyd Avis, Gloucester. 

1906 — Samuel K. Robbins. Burlington. 

1907 — Edgar E. Lethbridge, Essex. 

1908 — Frank B. Jess, Camden. 



• Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. Cross succeeded 
blm. 

** Became Acting Governor, October 18th, 1S98, ami served to 
January 17th, 1899. 



132 LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 

1909 —John D. Prince, Passaic. 

1910 — Harry P. Ward, Bergen. 

1911 — Edward Kenny, Hudson. 

1912 — Thomas F. McCran, Passaic. 

1913 — *Leon R. Taylor, Monmouth. 

1914 — Azariah M. Beekman. Somerset. 

1915 — Carlton Godfrey, Atlantic. 

1916 — Charles C. Pilgrim, Essex. 

1917 —Edward Sclinen, Essex. 

1918 — Charles A. Wolverton, Camden. 

1919 — Arthur N. Pierson, Union. 

1920 — W. Irving Glover, Bergou. 

1921 — George S. Ilobart, Essex. 



ASSEMBLY CLERKS. 

1S4.''> to Date. 

1845 —Alexander G. Cattell, Salem. 
Ig46 — Adam C. Davis, Hunterdon. 
1S47 nn — Alex. M. Cummhig, Mercer. 
1851-52 — David Naar, E.ssex. 
1853-54— David W. Delllcker, Somerset. 
1855 — Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57— William Darmon, Gloucester. 
1858 — Daniel Blauvelt, E^sex. 
18.59 — John P. Harker, Camden. 
1860 — D. Blauvelt. Jr., Essi-x. 
1861-62 — Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64 — Levi Scobey, Monmouth. 
1865-60 — George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 — Ed. Jardlne, Bergen. 
1868-70— A. M. Johnston, Mercer. 
1871 —A. M. Cumming, Mercer. 
1872-74 — Slnnlckson Chew, Camden. 
1875 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 
1876-77— John Y. Foster, Essex. 
1878 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 
1879-81— C. O. Cooper, Morris. 
18S2-83— Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 
1884 — Henry D. Wlnton, Bergen. 
1885-86— Samuel Toombs, Essex. 

1887 — Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 —James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90— John J. Matthews, Union. 
1891-92 — Thos. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 — Leonard Kallsch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 

1895 97— James Parker. Passaic. 
1898-99— Thomas H. Jones, Essex. 
1907 —Michael W. Hlgglns, Essex. 
1900-06; 08-09-10— James Parker, Passaic. 

1911 — Daniel A. Dugan, Essex. 

1912 — Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 
1913-14- Mark F. Phillips, Essex. 
1915-16-17-18-21— Upton S. Jefferys, Camden. 
1919 Edward J. Handley, Essex. 



• Became Acting Governor October 28th. 



REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 133 

REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 

(Adopted at Trenton, October o, 1920.) 
NATIONAL ISSUES. 

We, the lawfully constituted members of the convention 
of the Republican Party, duly assembled, pledge our loyal 
support to those champions of Americanism, of law and 
order and of constitutional government, Warren G. Hard- 
ing and Calvin Coolidge. 

We heartily endorse the platform adopted by the Re- 
publican Party at Chicago as the best expression of Amer- 
ican ideals. 

We believe that America is the hope of the world's peace 
and that our national platform pledges the good offices of 
this country to that end, without compromising our national 
independence, without depriving the American people of 
their right of saying what they will or will not do, as occa- 
sion arises, and without involving us in the countless quar- 
rels between the various nations of Asia and Europe. 

We commend the I'nited States Senate for its courageous 
stand for American rights and for its successful protest 
against the proposed sacrifice of American interests, and of 
control over our domestic affairs. 

We especially commend our Representatives in the 
United States Senate, Honorable Joseph S. Frelingbuysen 
and Honorable Walter E. Edge, for their constructive legis- 
lative policy for the common good. 

We express our approval of the pledge of the National 
Platform to restore to the people in these days of peace the 
rights they surrendered in time of war. to re-establish con- 
stitutional government, and to preserve the balance of 
power in the executive, judicial and legislatiA-e departments 
of the nation as was intended by the fathers of the I'e- 
publie. Government by the people cannot survive if one 
branch usurps the powers of the otlier or if autocracy ob- 
tains even by consent. 

The close of the greatest war in liistory presents to the 
world problems requiring the wisest statesmanship and the 
sanest judgment. It is no disparagement to our allies to 
claim that American manhood and resources materially 
helped to save civilization and the world ifrom military 
autocracy. 

It is just to say that America was the only nation that 
asked n(Mther indemnity nor territory when the warring- 
nations laid down their arms. America's only desire is for 
the reign of justice and peace. The position of our nation 
is so commanding for good, the problems of the world so 



1?,4 REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 

grave, the responsibility to do our part so commanding, be- 
cause of our position and power, that this campaign is a 
campaign of great national and international issues, so im- 
portant that no local considerations or personal xiews should 
divert attention from what is the real statesmanship of 
the hour. 

In this period of a world crisis America has to do with 
big things. 

We pledge our co-operation to the solution of these great 
problems and we do not divide on the smaller issues. 

Fundamental and overshadowing, however, as our na- 
tional and international questions, we do not hesitate to 
declare our position on the main problems affecting our 
own State. 

We stand for justice and equality before the law for all 
citizens. We deplore mob rule and favor making lynching 
a Federal crime. 

Taxation, . always a problem, has been made more acute 
by the enormous burdens laid upon the people by a National 
Democratic Administration and a Democratic Congress. We 
recommend to the Republican Administration, when selected, 
such a reduction of these taxes and such an equitable ad- 
justment of these burdens as will relieve industry of its 
present handicap and eliminate from the high cost of living 
the multiplication of the excess profit tax In every process 
of manufacture and distribution. 



STATE ISSUES. 



We recognize the value of the Budget Act passed in 1916 
by a Republican Legislature. We recommend the further 
consideration of the Budget System to the end that it may 
be improved and safeguarded, and regret the apparent lack 
of interest on the part of the present Democratic Governor 
in not further developing and broadening this system so 
essential to a business government. 

We pledge ourselves to conduct the pvTblic business of the 
State on the lines of the best type of modern business, 
eliminating waste and endeavoring to obtain an efficient, 
effectual and economical government. 

AGRICULTURE. 

Realizing that agriculture is the basis of our prosperity 
and well-being as a people, we pledge ourselves to seek all 
possible ways and means to promote the welfare of the 
agricultural interests. To this end we favor the develop- 
ment af our rural highways, as well as of our main arteries 
of vehicular transportation. 



REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 135 

New Jersey, possessed with most excellent natural re- 
sources and with her strategic position as to marlcets, should 
make her agriculture one of the most important branches 
of the industrial life of the State. 

To enable New Jersey to develop to the fullest her agri- 
cultural resources, a definite program should be adopted, 
for without vision and such a program based on a long look 
ahead, food shortage and industrial unrest are certain to 
follow. 

This program, among other things, should cover : 

(a) The training of men and women for efficient rural 

life. 
(6) A further development of the State Department of 
Agriculture and the State Agricultural College 
by liberal appropriations, 
(c) Rural roads. 
We urge the improA'ement ofi highways in rural commu- 
nities under a plan of standard construction and maintenance, 
that outlying districts and farms may be accessible by con- 
necting links to our system af' State highways. 

WOMEX VOTERS. 

We promise to women voters our hearty recognition and 
co-operation in their new rig-hts and responsibilities. The 
women of this country have been trained in our schools, 
have presided over our home, have been active in our 
churches, have trained our sons and daughters, have been 
patriots and sacrificing in times of war. and have always 
been willing to aid in movements for moral and educational 
advancement. Such electors, so trained, cannot fail to serve 
the best interests of the nation. 

EQUALITY OF RIGHTS. 

The new women voters should have recognition in the 
party organizations. The Republican Party of this State 
has already given to them co-ordinant and equal power with 
the men in the party organizations of the State so far as 
it was possible to do within the interim between the 
adoption of the 19th Amendment and the present hour. 
This was a voluntary act, however, on the part of those 
connected with Republican organizations. We believe this 
policy should have the sanction of the laws of the State. 
For the purpose, therefore, of giving women equal repre- 
sentation with the men in the State and county organiza- 
tions of the party we recommend the passage of the law 
providing that State and county committees shall be com- 
posed of one man and one woman to be selected for each 
unit oifi representation. 

5 



136 REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 

APPOINTMENTS. 

We recommend the appointment of women on the State 
P.oard of Education and State Board of Health. 

HOUSING. 

Inadequate housing facilities are a serious menace to the 
health and morals of the people in the congested areas of 
the State. The need for additional homes is urgent. Recent 
statutes passed by the Republican Legislature for the pur- 
pose of tiding over this emergency, even though temporary, 
evinced the spirit of willingness to grasp the situation. 

Profiteering in rents must be stopped. On the other 
hand inadequate returns on the investment in homes would 
cause a cessation of building operations and retard, if not 
prevent, the construction of additional dwellings. 

We recommend, therefore, the creation of a proper hous- 
ing commission with power to investigate housing condi- 
tions and suggest plans for the most economical development 
of housing facilities and to make such recommendations to 
the Legislature as is deemeed wise for aiding the existing 
departments of our State dealing- with the different phases 
of this important subject. 

We commend the Building and Loan Associations of the 
State for the substantial assistance given home builders in 
providing funds for constructions to further this plan. 

We recommend that our citizens heartily support the 
Building and Loan Campaign for new shares to be con- 
ducted in October. 

CHILD WELFARE. 

The Republican Party pioneered the movement for the 
improvement and amelioration of conditions affecting child 
labor. 

The record of the party in this resfiect is a record of 
humanitarian reform. 

The agencies which have for their pui-poses the care and 
treatment of children should be encouraged in further ac- 
tivities, and we believe in the further development oif the 
State policy inaugurated by the Republican Party for child 
welfare ; for the scientific training and medical treatment 
for children for defects, physical or mental, and for the 
safeguarding of children, whether at work or at play, that 
they may develop into men and women sound in lK)dy and 
character. 

co:mpensation act. 

New Jersey was one of the first states to pass a compen- 
sation law which freed the workman from the unjust opera- 
tion of the defenses known in the law as the follow servant 



REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 137 

contributory negligence and obvious risk doctrines. It has 
been recognized as one of the best of its kind in the 
United States, and to the credit of our State it has been 
improved from time to time in the light of trial and ex- 
perience. 

We pledge ourselves to the continuation of this policy and 
to revise the State laws in this respect to meet present day 
requirements. 

INJURED WORKMEN. 

Wise legislation in our State has gone hand in hand with 
humane voluntary effort on the part of individuals in the 
care and treatment of injured workmen. We point with 
pride to the work of the recently created commission, in- 
itiated by the Republican Legislature and Republican Got- 
ernor for the rehabilitation of those injured in industry and 
occupation. New Jersey was the first state to pass this 
particular legislation and 15 other states in the Union have 
since followed our example. The act of the last Republican 
Congress providing for the training of injured workmen for 
new occupation, has already demonstrated its value. 

By means of modern surgery, medical treatment, and 
proper training the injured bread winner is able to return 
to work and maintain himself with self-respect without de- 
pendence on others. We pledge ourselves to further develop- 
ment and improvement of this policy. 

INSTITUTIONS AND AGENCIES. 

The Department of Institutions and Agencies created by 
law under Republican Legislature, and organized under a 
Republican Administration is deserving oifi our commenda- 
tion, and we pledge our support to the continued develop- 
ment of the eflBcient care given our State wards under this 
department of the State Government. 

EDUCATION, 

The educational system of New Jerse.y has always had 
the support of the Republican Party by wise laws and 
liberal appropriations. 

We renew our oft-reiterated pledge for the support and 
development of the public school s.vstem of our State and 
for the proper recognition of the teachers who are largely re- 
sponsible for the manhood and womanhood of the nation. 

GOOD ROADS AND HIGHWAYS. 

New Jersey is the highway of the nation. Our road 
system is most important to our agriculture, industry and 
seashore and other resorts. A system of good roads has 



138 REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 

always had the support of New Jersey Republicanism. A 
proper system of construction for the building of permanent 
roads and for the care and maintenance oil? the same de- 
mands grave and scientific thought. 

We recommend that the State Highway Commission give 
consideration to the extension of that part of the State 
Highway System over the picturesque ocean highway from 
Keyport through the Atlantic Highlands, hills and down 
the ocean front. 

We condemn in unequivocal terms the unprecedented ac- 
tion of a Democratic Governor in removing from office the 
State Highway Commission against which not an inference 
of misconduct had been lodged and without the formality 
of a hearing-, thereby making this important commission a 
football of politics. 

We favor the enactment of legislation that will effectively 
eliminate restrictive specifications, and demand the adoption 
of open specifications for highways construction. 

LAW ENFOKCEMENT. 

We pledge ourselves to uphold and enforce the consti- 
tution and the laws of the United States, and of the State 
of New Jersey. In the language of the United States Su- 
preme Court "the 18th Amendment is operative through- 
out the entire territorial limits of the United States and 
it binds all legislative bodies, courts, public officers and 
individuals within those limits." 

We believe that the will of the people as expressed in 
lawful manner, through the Government of the United 
States, must be supreme. 

As stated by our candidate for President. "There can 
be no difference of opinion about honest law enforcement. 
Neither government nor party can afford to cheat the 
American people." 

We declare the policy of our party to be for impartial 
enforcement of the 18th Amendment and the laws relating 
thereto. 

The law of the land must be observed or orderly gov- 
ernment ceases. 

soldiers' bonus. 

We urge that the Soldiers' and Sailors' Bonus Act, as 
passed by the 1920 Republican Legislature, be ratified by the 
voters. Surely, those brave men, who freely risked their 
lives and fortune that government by the people might en- 
dure, should receive substantial recognition. 



REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. 130 

BRIDGE AND TUNNEL. 

The State stands committed to the construction of a tun- 
nel under the Hudson River and a bridge over the Dela-. 
ware River. Both projects, now well under way, we be- 
lieve will he self-supporting- when completed. To complete 
the financing of this program the Legislature has submitted 
a bond issue to the people for approval at the coming elec- 
tion. We heartily commend these great improvements to 
the public and earnestly recommend the adoption of the 
referendum. 

PORTS AND HARBORS. 

New Jersey has been endowed by nature with great hai'- 
bors and rivers, the developments of which will not only 
add to our own growth and prosperity, but is demanded by 
the growing needs of the nation. Our State is part of the 
great port of New York. ^Ye recognize the necessity of 
co-operation to properly develop and organize its facilities, 
and we favor a compact or agreement with our sister State 
which will provide for the creation of a Port District as a 
Port Authority with adequate powers to develop the same 
under comprehensive plans. 

PUBLIC UTILITIES. 

Efficient railway and trolley service are indispensable to 
agriculture, industry, and the welfare of our citizens. In 
the speedy delivery of commodities and quick co-ordination 
between producer and consumer they materially reduce the 
cost of living. The people of our State are entitled to 
the best service at the lowest possible cost ; therefore, in 
accordance with its platform pledge, made a year ago, the 
Republican Legislature passed a Valuation Act for th(> 
appraisal of the properties of our street railways, to be 
made by disinterested experts for the purpose of preventing 
inflated values and to secure a fair basis as a factor in the 
determination of rates, just alike to the rider and to the 
company. This work is speedily proceeding in compliance 
with public demand for an honest and unquestioned valua- 
tion of our public utilities. 

SOLDIERS' PREFERENCE. 

We are in favor of amending the present Civil Service 
Law so that veterans of the Great War may have the same 
preference as veterans of former wars. 



140 REPUBLICAN STATE TLATFORM. 

AMEKICANIZATION. 

^Ye advocate the immediate consideration of legislation 
to aflford State encouragement in Americanization work, 
and supervision of same to be by the State Board of Educa- 
tion. 

AMERICA FIRST. 

The Republican Party, which has always kept the spirit 
odJ Americanization to the forefront. Americanism that 
means a profound respect for America's Past, an unselfish 
devotion to the solution of the problems of America's Pres- 
ent, and an implicit faith in America's Future, submits the 
foregoing platform with confidence, believing it will meet 
the conscience and will of the electorate of our sovereign 
State. 

We are proud of the United States, because it is the most 
progressive country in the world, because it furnishes the 
greatest opportunity for the average man. and because it 
has the highest principles of any nation in existence. 



DEMOCRATIC STATE PLATFORM. 141 

DEMOCRATIC STATE PLATFORM. 

(Adopted at Trenton, October 5, 1920.) 

The Democratic Party, in State convention assembled, 
sends greetings to the President of the United States. 
Woodrow Wilson, and felicitates him on the marvelous 
achievements accomplished by a Democratic administration 
under his leadership. 

We advocate the election of the Democratic nominees. 
Cox and Roosevelt, to the end that the United States of 
America may continue in the vanguard of the civilized 
nations of the woiid. True progressives of proven vrorth 
in governmental life, alive to the on^-ard and upward 
march of events, in whose hands the future welfare of our 
country may be safely entrusted, the election of Cox and 
Roosevelt will spell for America Peace, Progress and Pros- 
perity. 

We heartily express our pride in and loyalty to the great 
.Jerseyman who has given his life to make real and lasting 
the results of the sacrifice of the lives of American boys in 
the Great War, as embodied in the League of Nations. We 
endorse the league covenant, as presented by President 
Wilson, with the reservations making clearer or more spe- 
cific the obligation of the United States to its League asso- 
ciates. 

We call upon the voters of the State, irrespective of 
party, to vote for those who stand for "going in" the 
League, thus keeping faith with our allies and our own 
dead. 

The industrial and commercial welfare of New .Jersey is 
dependent upon its transportation facilities, which are at 
present inadequate to care for the demands made upon 
them. We pledge our party to the enactment of legislation 
under which the existing coastal and intercoastal water- 
Avays and canals which traverse the state may be developed, 
thereby creating a comprehensive system of waterways 
which will serve the people of the entire State. 

We favor the creation by constitutional amendment of 
Assembly districts throughout the State, in order that the 
House of Assembly may be made truly representative of 
the people of New Jersey. 

EQUAL RIGHTS. 

The Declaration of Independence guarantees equal rights 
to all men. regardless of race, color or creed. 

We condemn the Republican members of the Legislature 
for their unwarranted opposition to the "Civil Rights" 
bill, during the last three years, thus insuring its defeat. 



142 DEMOCRATIC STATE PLATFORM. 

We direct attention to tlie splendid achievements of our 
colored citizens, to their unswerving loyalty to the Flag, to 
their great sacrifice of li.fe in the world war. and to the 
marvelous progress they have made as a race during the 
past decade, and we pledge our party to the enactment of 
laws that will fulfill the provisions as laid down hy the 
founders of this country. 

The true progress and growth of New Jersey is primarily 
dependent upon the proper conduct of its public school 
system, which is one force that can unify all classes and 
conditions of society. 

We pledge our party to the development of the public 
school system on constructive lines by extending the agencies 
for industrial education, enlarged facilities for the training 
of teachers, the improvement of country schools and the 
institution of night schools and other educational facilities. 

PUBLIC UTILITIES. 

We commend Governor Edwards for the efforts put forth 
by him to redeem his pre-election promise to the electorate 
of New Jersey that if elected, he would endeavor to solve 
the vexing problem of public utilities in such a manner as 
to conserve the best interests of the people of the State as 
well as the best interests of the public utility corpora- 
tions themselves. His recommendations for constructive 
laws were ignored by . a hostile Legislature, which act did 
not deter him from performing his duty, and we pledge our 
party to uphold the Governor in order that the rights of 
the people may be fully protected. 

To the end that adequate facilities for the mobilization 
of the products of our farms, mines, industries and com- 
"merce for interstate and foreign shipment may be provided, 
we pledge our party to the enactment of laws by which the 
several ports of New .Jersey will be developed and brought 
to a state of high eflScicucy. 

New Jersey is committed to the construction of a. tunnel 
under the Hudson River and a bridge over the Delaware, 
both of which projects which will afford direct communica- 
tion with New York on the north and Pennsylvania on the 
south, are now under way. The cosfs of this program are 
to be divided between New Jersey, New York and Pennsyl- 
vania. 

To complete the financing of the present program, the 
Legislature, at its last session, has submitted to the people, 
on referendum, a bond issue of twenty-eight million dollars, 
for approval at the coming elections. 

These two projects will reduce taxation, cut the cost of 
living, prove beneficial both to the workmen and employer 
by cutting out delays and developing the industries of the 
State. 



DEMOCRATIC STATE PLATFORM. 143 

The tolls and other net revenues from the bridge and tun- 
nel constructed are to he devoted to the payment of the 
bonds, and such tolls and revenues will pay every cent of 
the cost of both tunnel and bridge, principal, interest and 
maintenance, and will yield, in addition thereto a larger 
surplus to the State. 

Therefore, the Democratic party heartily commends these 
great improvements and recommends that every citizen, 
irrespective of party affiliations, vote "Yes" on the bridge 
and tunnel bond referendum. 

SOLDIERS' REFERENDUM. 

As a token of appreciation of the high patriotism and 
the heroic conduct displayed 1»y American soldiers, sailors 
and marines in the world war. -we pledge our support to 
the State referendum to be voted on at the next election. 

The United States of America entered a world war and 
gave the life blood of her sons and daughters that self- 
determination mig-ht be established as a cardinal principle 
of government among the nations — both large and small — 
of the earth. 

Within the limits of international comity, we urge that 
every power of this Nation and State lie exerted to the 
end that the principle of self-government may be speedily 
established in Tr^-land. 

The Morns ( anal, which traverses the northern part of 
New Jersey, by reason of changed conditions in the meth- 
ods of transportation, has long since been abandoned by its 
lessee, the Tv.'high Valley Railroad Company. 

The present value of the Morris Canal lies in its invalu- 
able portable water rights now so greatly needed by the 
municipalities of the noithern part of the State. 

We pledge our party to an immediate inquiry into the legal 
status of the franchises granted to the Morris Canal and 
Banking Company to the end that the courts of New Jersey 
ma.v pass upon the question of whether or not the franchises 
have been forfeited by non-user. 

If the franchises of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company 
— the lessee of ihe Morris Canal and Banking Company, are 
upheld, then we pledge our party to have the State of 
New Jersey "take to itself and on its own account the 
said canal and appurtenances, paying to the said company 
the fair value thereof, to be estimated and fixed upon by 
ten comraissiontrs, or a majority of them, to be mutually 
chosen b.v the State and the said company'' in the year 
1923. or one year thereafter, in accordance Avith section 
2(: of the 'J<t cf 1824 granting a franchise to the Morris 
Canal and fJanking Company. 



144 DEMOCRATIC STATE PLATFORM. 

RECOGNIZES LABOR. 

Recognizing- that labor is not a commodity, in that it is 
human, aurl because laboi* is the basis of individual woll- 
heing, of prosperity and of all progress, the Democratic 
party now, as e^'er, insists that the value of labor, as an 
L'lement of national success, must be distinctly recognized 
and the welfare of the working man regarded at all times 
as especially entitled to legislative care. 

We direct attention to the fact that under a national 
Democratic administration a Department of Dabor was 
established at Washington which has peaceably determined 
nj^tuy bitter disputes between capital and lalior and has 
initiated and put into force much beneficial labor legislation, 
including child labor laws, workmen's compensation acts, 
the eight-hour law ; and also call attention to the fact that 
a Democratic Congress passed the Clayton Act, througli 
the provisions of which the right of workingmen to foi'm 
voluntary associations for mutual assistance and protec- 
tion has been definitely established. 

We pledge our party to the enactment of laws forbidding 
the unwarranted issuance of writs of injunctions in labor 
disputes where no property right is involved other than 
the property right claimed in the labor of the human being, 
and to guarantee to the working men of New Jersey the 
right of trial by jury at all times. 

In keeping with the pre-election promises of Governor 
Edwards, bills were introduced early in the session designed 
to advance the cause OiD labor in this State. Those bills were 
stifled in committee or defeated of passage by the Republican 
majority. 

In private industrial disputes we are opposed to com- 
pulsory arbitration. 

AGAINST STATE rOLIPE. 

We pledge our party to be against the establishment in 
New Jersey of a State constabulary, because we Ijelieve it 
will be inimical to the Avelfare of labor. 

For women in industry we recommend an eight-hour day 
within nine consecutive hours and a forty-eight hour week, 
covering the industries now covered by the ten-hour law. 

Prohibition of night work for women employed in manu- 
facturing after 10 o'clock at night and before 6 o'clock in 
the morning. 

Prohibiting work for women six weeks before and six 
weeks after childbirth. 

A sufficient appropriation to the Labor Department and to 
the Board of Tenement House Supervision to properly en- 
force existing laws. 



DEMOCRATIC STATE rLATFOR:\f. 14.' 

The addition of women to the State Board of Health and 
the State Board of Education. 

Araendmont of ,the State election laws to provide for the 
election of committee-women on the same terms as com- 
mittee-men. 

Appropriation for institutions for feelHe-minded women 
and for feeble-minded girls, to be located in the northern 
part of the State. 

The amendment of the State and Federal laws which 
now withhold the vote from American-born wives of aliens. 

HOUSING SHORTAGE. 

Recognizing the great hardships now experienced by the 
masses of New Jersey, due to housing shortage and rent 
profiteering- ; also in an endeavor to stabilize the unsettleu 
conditions of our nation in protecting that great bulwark of 
our national strength, viz., the American home ; we also 
pledge our party to the enactment of laws that will curb 
rent profiteering and stimulate the building of homes. 

We condemn the Republican party of the State and its 
majority in the Legislature for its vacillating policy in 
respect to the passage of legislation relieving the people 
from the present housing crisis. Pearly in the legislative 
session of 1920 resolutions Avere introduced by a Democratic 
member calling for an immediate investigation and imme- 
diate report as to the extent and scope of such legislation 
as might be necessary to aid the people of the State. 
That resolution was stifled in committee. The Republican 
majority was deaf to all appeals for help. It was not until 
the pressure became so great and the demand for help so in- 
sistent from an aroused constitutency that the Republican 
majority condescended to pass any legislation. That ac- 
tion was taken a few weeks ago, with winter and all its 
consequent hardships practically upon us. 

Wo further urge upon the New Jersey Members of Con- 
gress that they seek an immediate investigation of the 
building material industry to ascertain if combinations 
for unjust price-fixing exist ; to seek grant of priority 
rights with exception of food and fuel in shipments of 
building materials ; to seek the placing of embargoes upon 
the shipment of building materials to foreign countries ; 
to seek the enactment of laws patterned after the National 
Farm Loan Act, for building urban dwellings, with sufficient 
latitude for both private and governmental investment ; to 
seek exemption from National, State and Municipal taxes 
on dwelling mortgage loans. 



146 DEMOCRATIC STATE PEATFORM. 

GOOD ROADS. 

We reaffivm our contention that imi)roved roads are of 
vital importance to commerce, to industry, to agriculture 
and to rural life, and now. as ever, we aver that the crea- 
tion of a comprehensive State highway system with the 
burden of cost placed equitably upon all the people of the 
State is necessary to the welfare of the people of New 
Jersey. 

We deplore the extravagance and unbusiness-like conduct 
of a Republican State Highway Commission and direct 
attention to its notorious failure to provide a comprehen- 
sive and equitable State highway system. 

We commend the action of Governor Edwards in sum- 
marily dismissing the Republican Highway Commission, and 
for his appointment in its stead of a non-partisan highway 
commission, all the members of which are successful busi- 
ness men, versed in highway construction, through whose 
activities and under whose direction an equitable and com- 
prehensive highway system will be established throughout 
the State in an economical and efficient manner. 

To the foregoing exposition of principles we invite the 
support of every man and woman of New Jersey who believes 
in the necessity of an onward and upward march of events, 
and in the true advancement of civic and moral life. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 147 



STATE COMMITTEES. 



REPUBLICAN. 

Headquarters — Trenton, also Newark. 

Officers — Chairman, Edward C. Stokes ; Vice-Chairman, A. 
Dayton Oliphant ; Vice-Chairman, Chas. N. Codding ; Vice- 
Chairman for Women Voters, Mrs. E. F. Feickert ; Secre- 
tary, Wm. H. Albright ; Treasurer, Ogden H. Hammond ; 
Financial Secretary, Joseph M. Middleton ; Legal Advisor, 
Kenneth H. Lanning ; Publicity Director, Henry D. Thomp- 
son ; Speakers Bureau, Wm. P. Bowman ; Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Bureau, James E. Mitchell ; Executive Secretary, 
James E. Van Home. 

Membet-s — ^Atlantic, Albert H. Darnell, Atlantic City; 
Bergen, Daniel E. Pomeroy, Englewood ; Burlington, Henry 
P. Thorn, Medford ; Camden, David Baird, Camden ; Cape 
May, Lewis T. Stevens, Cape May City ; Cumberland, Ed- 
ward C. Stokes, Trenton ; Essex, William Bittles, Newars ; 
Gloucester, William H. Albright, Woodburj' ; Hudson. Pierre 
P. Garven, Bayonne ; Hunterdon, Ellsworth P. Baylor, 
Hampton ; Mercer, A. Dayton Oliphant, Trenton ; Middlesex, 
Frederick C. Schneider, New Brunswick ; Monmouth, C. Asa 
Francis, Long Branch ; Morris, E. Bertram Mott, Morris- 
town ; Ocean, Harold L. Brinley, Toms River ; Passaic, 
Raymond T. Burpo. Paterson ; Salem, Lucius E. Hires, 
Salem ; Somerset, Wm. P. Bowman, 117 Liberty Street, New 
York ; Sussex. Ford W. Margarum, Sussex ; Union, Charles 
N. Codding, Elizabeth ; Warren, Arthur Knowles, Phillips- 
burg. 

WOMEN'S DIVISION. 

Vice-Chairman for Women Voters — Mrs. E. F. Feickert, 
State Trust Building, Plainfield. 

Members-at-Large — Mrs. Arthur Whitney, Mendham ; Mrs. 
Lewis S. Thompson, Red Bank ; Rev. Florence Randolph, 96 
Astor Place, Jersey City ; Miss Estelle B. Crane. State 
Trust Building, Plainfield ; Mrs. Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, 
Raritan ; Mrs. Everett Colby, Llewellyn Parli, West Orange ; 
Mrs. John T. White, The Marlborough-Blenheim, Atlantic 
City ; Mrs. John H. Studdiford, South Branch ; Mrs. Sey- 
mour L. Cromwell, Mendham ; Mrs. Robert S. Huse, 575 
Westminister Avenue, Elizabeth. 

County Vice-Chairmen in Charge of Women's Work — Atlan- 
tic, Mrs. Robert H. Ingersoll, 45 South Kingston Avenue, At- 



148 STATE COMMITTEES. 

lantic City : Bergen, Mrs. Wm. H. Peters, 98 Montross Avenue. 
Rutherford ; Burlington, Mrs. Henry J. Sherman. Home- 
place, Moorestown ; Camden. Mrs. A. Haines Ijippincott, 40(i 
Cooper Street, Camden : Cape May. Mrs. G. H. Steelman. 
831 Asbury Avenue, Ocean City ; Cumberland. Mrs. Elmer 
D. Mulford, 51 Walnut Street. Biidgcton ; I-:ssex, Mrs. Gus- 
tave Gehin, 483 Parker Street. Newark ; Gloucester, Mrs. Wads- 
worth Cresse, 60 Aberdeen Place, Woodbury ; Hudson. Mrs. 
Charles P. Eaton, 311 Academy Street, Jersey City ; Hun- 
terdon, Mrs. George K. Large, 190 Main Street. Flemington ; 
Mercer, Mrs. Charles A. Woodruff. R. F. D. No. 2, Prince- 
ton ; Middlesex, Mrs. Oliver W. Ramsay, 159 Rector Street, 
Perth Amboy ; Monmouth, Mrs. Leon Cubberly. 131 Morris 
Avenue. Long Branch ; Morris. Mrs. W. Reginald Baker. 43 
Crescent Road. Madison ; Mrs. Paul Moore, Convent, Morris- 
town ; Ocean, Mrs. Joseph Thompson, New Egypt ; I'assaic, 
Dr. Mary G. Cummins. 653 East 25th Street, Paterson ; 
Salem, Miss Bessie K. Hires, Salem ; Somerset, Mrs. Charles 
H. Bateman, 125 West Cliff Street, Somerville ; Sussex, Mrs. 
Robert V. Armstrong. Augusta ; Union, Mrs. Victor Mravlag, 
1062 East Jersey Street, Elizabeth ; Warren, Miss Caroline 
H. Brookfield, Belvidere. 

New Jersey Member Repuhlican National Committee — 
Flamilton F. Kean, Elizabeth. 



DEMOCRATIC. 

Headquarters — Trenton. 

Officers — Chairman, Charles F. McDonald, Englishtown ; 
Secretary, James Baker, Jersey City ; Treasurer, Dennis F. 
Collins, Elizabeth. 

Executive Committee — Joseph S. Hoff, Princeton ; Thomas 
Barber, Phillipsburg ; Dennis F. Collins, Elizabeth ; John F. 
Monahan, Newark ; Edward E. Grosscup, Wenonah. 

Mrs. H. Otto Wittpenn. Jersey City, Member National 
Committee ; Mrs. H. M. Simmons, 1277 Clinton Avenue, 
Elizabeth ; Mrs. Philip McKim Garrison, Llewellyn Park ; 
Mrs. Walter Taylor, Asbury Park ; Mrs. Joseph L. Bodine. 
146 West State Street, Trenton ; Mrs. Mary R. C. Clayton, 
Salem. 

Members — Atlantic, Charles J. Collins, Somers Point ; 
Bergen, James H. Snyder. Ridgewood ; Burlington, Richard 
P. Hughes. Burlington ; Camden. Edward J. Kelleher, Cam- 
den ; Cape May. William W. Campbell. Ocean City; Cumber- 
land, Samuel Jones. Bridgeton ; Essex. John F. Monahan, 
Newark ; Gloucester, Edward E. Grosscup. Wenonah ; Hud- 
son, Eugene F. Kinkead. Jersey City ; Hunterdon, Oliver 
C. Holcombe, Lambertville ; Mercer, Joseph S. Hoff. Prince- 
ton ; Middlesex, Thomas H. Haggerty, New Brunswick ; Mon- 
mouth, Charles F. McDonald, Englishtown ; Morris, Allen H. 



STATE COMMITTEES. 149 

Fancher, Dover ; Ocean, Harry E. Newman, Lakewood ; 
Passaic. Dr. A. F. McBride, Paterson ; Salem, Harry Burt 
Ware, Salem ; Somerset, William J. Kirby. SomerviUe ; Sus- 
sex, Henry T. Kays, Newton ; Union, Dennis F. Collins, 
Elizabeth ! Warren, Thomas Barber, Phillipsburg. 

New Jersey Member Democratic yational Committee — 
Robert S. Hudspeth, Jersey City. 



150 COUNTY COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN. 



COUNTY COMMITTEE CHAIRAIEN. 



REPUBLICAN. 



Atlantic. Lewis O'Donnell, Hammonton : Bergen. Wm. S. 
Gilhuly. Englewood ; Burlington, Joseph L. Thomas, River- 
ton ; Camden. W. D. Brown. Court House, Camden ; Cape 
May. James McLinden. Anglesea : Cumberland, Roscoe Ward. 
Bridg-eton ; Essex, Frank E. Davenport, Halsey Street, New- 
ark ; Gloucester, Oliver J. West. Woodbury ; Hudson. Robert 
Torrance, Kearny ; Hunterdon. Judiah Higgins, Flemington ; 
Mercer, A. Dayton Oliphant, Trenton ; Middlesex, John 
Pfeiffer, Maurer ; Monmouth, E. I. Vanderveer, Freehold ; 
Morris, Chas. W. Ennis, Morristown : Ocean. A. W. Brown, 
Toms River ; Passaic, F. W. Van Blarcom, Paterson ; Salem, 
Dr. N. S. Hires, Salem ; Somerset, Edward Cooper. North 
Plainfield. R. D. ; Sussex. Lewis A'an Blarcom, Newton ; 
Union, Donald McLean, Elizabeth ; Warren, George Potts, 
Phillipsburg. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

Atlantic, Harry Lovett, Pleasantville ; Bergen, II. S. Ger- 
man, 108 Goodwin Avenue, Ridgewood ; Burlington, J. 
Mercer Davis, Mount Holly ; Camden, Rudolph S. Ayres. 
Camden ; Cape May. Samuel A. Lanning. Wildwood : Cum- 
berland, Frank F. Wallace, Bridgeton ; Essex. T. A. Adams. 
Montclair : Gloucester. John Hobday, Pitman ; Hudson, Leo 
Sullivan, Jersey City ; Hunterdon, Erastus W. Sutton. Leb- 
anon ; Mercer, Harry Heher. Trenton ; Middlesex, Thomas 
A. Haggerty. New Brunswick : Monmouth. Ward Kremer. 
Asbury Park ; Morris, R. M. Barry, Gillette ; Ocean, 
Chester A. Grant. Lakewood : Passaic, John F. McBride. 
Paterson ; Salem. Jeremiah Penton, Salem ; Somerset, An- 
drew E. Kenney. North Plainfield : Sussex, Robert T. John- 
ston. Newton : Union. Francis V. Dobbins, Rahway ; Warren, 
Frank Alpaugh, Phillipsburg. 



COUNTIES— WHEiN AND HOW CREATED. 151 

COUNTIES— WHEN AND HOW 
CREATED. 



Atlantic. 1837. Taken from Gloucester. 

Bergen. 1682. One oD original four counties of East 
Jersey. Portion of Hudson re-annexed 1852. 

Burling-ton. 1694. Portions of Atlantic and Camden an- 
nexed 1902. 

Camden. 1844. Taken from Gloucester. 

Cape May. 1692. Portions of Cumberland annexed 1878, 
1880, 1891. 

Cumberland. 1748. Taken from Salem. 

Essex. 1682. One of original four counties of East Jer- 
sey. 

Gloucester. 1694. Part of Camden re-annexed 1871. 

Hudson. 1840. Taken from Bergen. 

Hunterdon. 1714. Taken from Burlington. 

Mercer. 1838. Taken from Hunterdon, Middlesex. Bur- 
lington and Somerset. Another portion of Hunterdon an- 
nexed 1839. 

Middlesex. 1682. One of original four counties of East 
Jersey. 

Monmouth. 1682. One of original four counties of East 
Jersey. 

Morris. 1739. Taken from Hunterdon. 

Ocean. 1850. Taken from Monmouth. Portion of Bur- 
lington annexed 1891. 

Passaic. 1887. Taken from Bergen and Essex. 

Salem. 1694. 

Somerset. 1688. Taken from Middlesex. Portion of 
Essex annexed 1741. Another portion of Middlesex an- 
nexed 1858. 

Sussex. 1753. Taken from Morris. 

Union. 1857. Taken from Essex. 

Warren. 1824. Taken from Sussex. 



152 PRESIDENTS. 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. Term of Office. 

1789. . .George Washington. .. .Virginia 8 year?. 

1797... John Adams Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1801. . .Thomas Jefferson Virginia 8 years. 

1809. . .James Madison Virginia 8 years. 

1817... James Monroe Virginia 8 years. 

1824... John Quincy Adams. . .Massachusetts ..4 years. 

1829. . .Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 yeans. 

1837. . .Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841... Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841... John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845... James Knox Polk Tennessee 4 years. 

1849.. .Zachary Taylort Louisiana ly., 4m.. 5d. 

1850... Millard Fillmore New York 2y.. 7m., 26d. 

1853 . . . Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire ... 4 years. 

1857... James Buchanan Pennsylvania ...4 years. 

1861. . .Abraham Llncolnt. .. .Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1865. . .Andrew Johnson Tennessee 3y., 10m., 20d. 

1869. . .Ulysses S. Grant Illinois 8 years. 

1877. . .Rutherford B. Hayes. .Ohio 4 years. 

1881... James A Garfield**. . .Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881. . .Chester A. Arthur New York 3y., Bm., 15d. 

1885. . .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889. . .Benjamin Harrison. ... Indiana 4 years. 

1893.. .Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897... William McKlnleytt.. -Ohio 4y., 6m.. lid. 

1901.. .Theodore Roosevelt New York 7y.. 6m.. 20d. 

1909... William H. Taft Ohio 4 years. 

1913. . .Woodrow "Wilson New Jersey 8 years. 

1921. . .Warren G. Harding Dhio ...» 



•Died In office April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDIed in office July 9, 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

t Assassinated April 14. 1865; died April 15, 1865, when 
Vice-President Johnson succeeded him. 

•♦Assassinated July 2, 1881; died September 19, 1881, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. 

ttAssasslnated September 6, 1901; died September 14, 1901, 
when Vice-President Roosevelt succeeded him. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. ] 53 



VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. 

1789 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 Thomas Jefferson Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbrldge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New York. 

1824 John C. Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 David R. Atkinson* Missouri. 

1855 Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenrldge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. , 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry Wllsont Massachusetts. 

1875 Thomas W. Ferry* Michigan. 

1877 William A. Wheeler New York. 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. HendrlcksJ Indiana. 

1RR6 John Sherman* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton New York. 

1893 Adlal E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1899 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt New York. 

1901 William P. Frye* Maine. 

1905 Charles W. Fairbanks Indiana. 

1909 James S. Sherman** New York. 

1913 Thomas R. Marshall Indiana. 

1921 Calvin Cooliflge Massachusetts. 



•Served as President pro tern, of Senate. 
tDled in office November 22, 1875. 
JDled In office November 26, 1885. 
••Died In office November 21, 1899. 
••Died In office October 80, 1912. 



1.j4 classification— counties & MUNICIPALITIES. 

CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES 
AND MUNICIPALITIES. 



COUNTIES. 

(Compiled Statutes. Vol. 1, page 525, Laws 1911, page 19.) 

First Class (HaA-ing a population exceeding 300.000) — 
Essex, Hudson. 

Second Class (Having a population of not less than 50.- 
000 nor more than 300.000) — Passaic. Bergen. Union, Cam- 
den, Middlesex, Mercer, Monmouth. Atlantic, Union, Bur- 
lington, Cumberland. 

Third Class (Having a population of not less than 20,000 
nor more than 50,000) — Gloucester. Somerset. Warren, 
Salem, Hunterdon. Sussex. Ocean. Cape ^lay. 

Fourth Class (Having a population of less than 20,000) 
— ^None. 

CITIES. 

(Compiled Statutes. Vol. 1, page 956.) 

First Class (Having a population exceeding 150.000) — ■ 
Newark, Jersey City. 

Second Class (Having a population of not less than 12,000 
nor more than 150,000) — Paterson, Trenton, Camden, Eliza- 
beth, Bayonne. Holjoken. Passaic. East Orange, Perth Am- 
boy, Orange. New Brunswick. Plainfield. Clifton, Garfield, 
Millville, Bridgeton, Gloucester City. 

Third Class — All cities not embraced within either the 
first or second classes, except cities bordering upon the 
Atlantic Ocean and being seaside or summer resorts. 

Fourth Class — All cities bordering upon the Atlantic 
Ocean and being seaside or summer resorts. 



BOROUGHS AND INCORPORATED VILLAGES. 

(Compiled Statutes, Vol. 3, pages 3473-4.) 

First Class — Having a population exceeding 3,000. 
Second Class — Having a population between 1.500 and 
3,000. 

Third Class — All not in first or second classes. 



N. B. — For a complete list of incorporated municipalities 
in New Jersey, see Census Tables in this Manual. 



COMMISSION nOVERNMENT MUNICIPALITIES. 155 

COMMISSION GOVERNMENT 
MUNICIPALITIES 



The Commission form of municipal government in New Jersey 
was provided for by Chapter 221, Laws 1911 (the Walsh Act), 

and the following is a list of the municipalities governed by that 
act and its various amendments and supplements. 

Municipality. County. Class. Adopted, 

Allenhurst Monmouth .... Borough Feb. 8, 1916 

Asbury Park Monmouth Citv Jan. 19, 1915 

Atlantic City Atlantic City May 14, 1912 

Avalon Cape May . . . Borough Oct. 14, 1919 

Avon Monmouth Borough Oct. 24, 1919 

Bayonne Hudson City March 9, 1915 

Belleville Essex Town Oct. 20, 1914 

Beverly Burlington . . . City Julv. 1914 

Bordentown Burlington ...City u\pril 15. 1913 

Bradley Beach Alonmouth Borough Feb. 2. 1915 

Cape May City Cape May . . . City Sept. 14, 1915 

Cape May Point Cape May ...Borough Jan. 25, 1916 

Collingswood Camden Borough Dec. 11, 1917 

Deal Monmouth Borough Aug. 27. 1912 

Haddonfield Camden Borough Xov. 23, 191 3 

Hawthorne Passaic Borough July 18, 1911 

Hoboken Hudson City Feb. 9, 1915 

Irvington Essex Town May 19, 1914 

.Jersey City Hudson City June 17, 1913 

Lambertville Hunterdon . . . City Aug. 19, 1916 

Long Branch Monmouth City April 9, 1912 

Longport Atlantic Borough May 12, 1912 

Lyndhurst Bergen Township Aug. 12, 1913 

(Formerly Union.) 

Margat i City Atlantic City Sept. 26, 1911 

Millville Cumberland . .City April 1, 1913 

Montclair Essex Town July 11,1916 

Newark ; Es.sex Pity Oct. 9, 1917 

New Brunswick ^liddlesex City March 2, 1915 

Nutley Essex Township Mav 21, 1912 

Ocean City ('ape May . . . City Aug. 15, 1911 

Orange Essex City April 14,1914 

Passaic City Passaic City Julv 25, 1911 

Phillipsburg Warren Town Nov. 18.1913 

Rahway Union City Jan. 22, 1918 

Ridgefield Park Bergen Village April 30. 1912 

Bidgewood Bergen Village Sept. 12, 1911 

Sea Isle City Cape May . . . City Mav 8, 1913 

Trenton Mercer City June 20, 1911 

^"ineland Cumberland . . Borough Mav 13, 1913 

Wildwood Cape jNIay . . . City Sept. 24, 1912 

Note. — Beverly at the general election on November 2. 1920, 

decided to return to its original form of government and the 
change will go into effect in May. 1921. 



loG THE EXECT^TIVE. 



THE EXECUTIVE. 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR. 

The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the mili- 
tary and naval forces of the State; is President (ex- 
offlcio) of tlie Board of Trustees of Princeton and 
Rutgers Colleges, and also of Burlington College, and 
of the Board of Managers of the Geological Survey. 
He is Chairman of the State Board of Canvassers, and 
has power to fill any vacancy for New Jersey that may 
occur in the United States Senate. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Court of Pardons; Commissioners of 
Agricultural College Fund; Commissioners of the State 
Library and State House Commission. 

With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has 
the power of appointing the following officers: Chan- 
cellor, Chief Justice, Judges of the Supreme Court and 
Circuit Courts, Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals, Attorney-General, Sec- 
retary of State, Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk 
of the Supreme Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a 
Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, Prosecutors 
of the Pleas, Visitors to the State Agricultural College, 
State Board of Taxes and Assessment, Commissioner of 
Labor, State Board of Education, Commissioner of 
Education, Major-General, Quartermaster-General, 
Adjutant-General, Commissioners of Pilotage, Judges 
of the District Courts, Port Wardens and Harbor 
Masters, State Board of Medical Examiners, Public 
Utility Commissioners, County Boards of Taxes and 
Assessment, State 'Board of Health, Department of In- 
stitutions and Agencies, Civil Service Commissioners, 
State Highway Commission, Inter-State Bridge and 
Tunnel Commission, State Architect, Fish and Game 
Commissioners, Members Board of Conservation and 
Development, Members Board of Commerce and Navi- 
gation, Superintendent of Weights and Measures, 
Commissioner of Reports, Palisades, Inter-State Park 
Commission, Board of Tenement House Supervision, 
Members State Board of Shell Fisheries, State Board 
of Fisheries, State Athletic Commission. 

Without the consent of the Senate: Oyster Commis- 
sioners, Board of Undertakers and Embalmers, Foreign 
Commissioners of Deeds, New Jersey State Pharma- 
ceutical Association. State Board of Dentistry, Inspec- 



THE EXECUTIVE. 157 

tors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, Notaries Public, 
Managers New Jersey Firemen's Home, Inspectors of 
Power Vessels, Railroad Policemen and other Boards 
and Commissioners, and fill all vacancies that occur 
in any office during a recess of the Legislature, which 
offices are to be filled by the Governor and Senate, 
or Legislature in Joint Meeting; also, vacancies hap- 
pening iri the offices of Clerk or Surrogate in any 
county; issues warrants for the admission of blind 
and feeble-minded children into institutions; grants 
requisitions and renditions, and has power to offer 
rewards for apprehending and securing persons 
charged with certain crimes; signs or vetoes all 
bills and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature; 
has power to convene the Legislature, or Senate 
alone, if, in his opinion, public necessity requires 
it; grants, under the Great Seal of the State, com- 
missions to all such officers as require to be com- 
missioned; has right to borrow money for the State; 
sign all riparian leases or grants issued by the Board 
of Commerce and Navigation; he has power to re- 
prieve in cases of capital punishment, and to suspend 
fines at any time not exceeding ninety days after con- 
viction, and in case of pardon or commutation of sen- 
tence, the Governor's vote in the affirmative is neces- 
sary. 

In 1916 the Legislature adopted a Budget Act. under 
which the Governor receives and considers requests for 
appropriations and submits his recommendations in an 
annual Budget Message to the Legislature. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds it neces- 
sary to read and answer a large mass of correspond- 
ence, which comes to the department daily. All bills 
and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature are 
compared, and then indexed in the Executive Depart- 
ment, before presentation to the Governor. 

He receives a salary of $10,000 a year, and is not 
allowed any fees or perquisites what ever. 

His term of office is three years. 



OFFICES FILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IX JOINT 
MEETING. 

State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners 
of Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 



158 EXTRA SESSIONS. 



EXTRA SESSIONS OP THE LEGISLATURE AND 
SPECIAL SESSIONS OF THE SENATE. 

1861— An extra session of the Legislature was convened an 
April 30th, and adjourned on May 10th, 1861, called in 
obedience to Governor Olden's proclamation, to raise 
troops for the war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Reso- 
lutions, 2. 

1866 — A special session of the Legislature was called 
'by Governor Marcus L. Ward for the purpose of 
ratifying the Fourteenth Amendment to the 
Federal Constitution. It met on September 10, 
ratified the amendment and adjourned Septem- 
ber 19. The Governor in his proclamation called 
attention to a vacancy in New Jersey's repre- 
sentation in the United States Senate. 

1877— A special session of the Senate was convened In 1877, 
for the purpose of acting on the Governor's nomina- 
tions of District Court Judges. It met on March 28th 
and adjourned on March 30th. 

1884— A special session of the Senate was convened In 1884, 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of 
the State Board of Assessors. It met on April 23d 
and lasted two hours. 

1897— An extra session of the Legislature was called on 
May 25th, 1897, to correct an error In a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amend- 
ments to the Constitution. The session met at noon 
and adjourned sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M. 

1903— An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
April 21st, 1903, to correct an error in the "Passaic 
Valley Sewerage District act" of 1903. The session 
lasted about five hours and a final adjournment was 
effected on the same day. 

1903— Another extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on October 15th, 1903, to pass an act to estab- 
lish a system of public instruction to take the place 
of an act of March 26th, 1902, which had been declared 
unconstitutional by the Court of Errors and Appeals. 
The session covered four days, and a final adjourn- 
ment was effected on October 19th. The action of 
the Legislature was confined to the subject for which 
It was convened In extraordinary session. 



EXTRA SESSIONS. 159 

1904— An extra session of the Legislature was convened on 
April 12th to consider the report of the Morris Canal 
Commission and the bill to prevent the shooting of 
pigeons from traps. The session was adjourned on 
the night of the same day, after having passed four 
bills which became laws, 
1908— A special session of the Senate was convened on 
Friday, May 8th, to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only a few hours, when there 
was a final adjournment. 
1913 — An extra session of the Legislature was convened 
on May 6th to consider a new jury system, pro- 
posed constitutional convention and small board 
government for counties. After several recesses 
a final adjournment occurred on May 26th. Laws 
enacted, 22. 
1913 — Another extra session of the Legislature con- 
vened on August 5th to consider questions relat- 
ing to Jersey City commission government, and a 
final adjournment occurred on August 12th. 
Laws enacted, 2. 
1914 — A special session of the Senate was convened 
on April 24th to act on nominations by the 
Governor. It lasted only three quarters of an 
hour when there was a final adjournment. 
1915 — An extra session of the Legislature was con- 
vened on ]\Iay 3d to correct errors in a law pro- 
viding for a special election to consider proposed 
amendments to the State Constitution. The ses- 
sion lasted ten hours and was adjourned the 
same day. Laws enacted, 2. 
1916 — A special session of the Senate was held on 
June 27th to act on nominations by the Gover- 
nor. It lasted about an hour when there was a 
final adjournment. 

1020 — The Senate during recesses of the Legislature held 
three special sessions to consider Gubernatorial nom- 
iiLations. These were held July 27, December .''.0, 
1020. and January .'>. 1021. 



160 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

IGGS to 1703. 

(Under the Proprietary Government.) 



Ea.st Jersey. 



72, 

72, 
92- 



75—79, 82—84, 

I-awrence Andresse 

75—79, 82—88, 
John Berry. 

75—79, John Bishop. 

1703. John Bishop. Jr. 
68, 75, 79, James Bollen. 

68, Robert Bond. 
92 — 99, Andrew fiowne. 
84 — 88. 98, Thomas Codriugton. 
92 — 98, Samuel Dennis. 
92 — 98, James Dundas. 
68, 72, 75 — 78, Samuel Edsall. 
86 — 88, James Emott. 
1700—01, Benjamin Griffith. 
1700 — 03, Samuel Hale. 
86 — 87, Andrew Hamilton. 
84, 98 — 99, Richard Hartshorne. 
93 — 99, John Inians. 
86 — 88, John Johnston. 
84 — 96, Isaac Kiugsland. 

99, William Lawrence. 



86 — 87, Gawen I>awrie. 
1700 — 01, Samuel Leonard. 
84 — 86, Henry Lyon. 
86 — 95, David Mudie. 
82—84, Lewis Morris. 
93 — 95, 1703, Lewis Morris. 
82 — 84, John Palmer. 
68, 72, 75—79, William Pardon. 
68, Daniel Pierce. 

72, 75—79. John Pike. 

99 — 1703, William Pinhorne. 
82 — 86, Benjamin Price. 
92—93, 98 — 99, John Royse. 

73, 75—79. 82—86, 

William Sand ford. 
1700— <I3. William Sandford. 
86—92, Richard Townley. 
68, 72^75, Robert Vanquellin. 

68, Nicholas Yerlet. 
81—82, Robert Vicbers. 
98 — 99, Thomas Warne. 

Samuel Winder. 



We.st Jersey. 



1701, 


Jonathan Beers. 


82- 


82—85, 


1701, William Biddle. 


82- 


85, 


James Budd. 


82- 


82—83, 


Thomas Budd. 




85, 


Samuel Carpenter. 


97- 


82, 


John Chaffin. 


85, 


83—84, 


Francis Collins. 




85, 


Francis Davenport. 




1701, 


George Deacon. 


82- 


84—85, 


Robert Dinsdale. 


82, 


84—85, 


William Emley. 


97- 


82—85, 


Elias Farre. 


1 


82—85, 


1701, Thomas Gardner. 


84- 


83—85, 


John Gosling. 


83- 


84, 


Richard Guy. 




97, 17( 


31, Edward Hunloke. 




85, 


George Hutchinson. 


82, 


98, 


John Jewell. 





-84, James Nevill. 
-83, Mark Newbie. 
-84, Thomas Ollive. 

98, Edward Randolph. 
-98, Thomas Revell. 

1701, Andrew Robeson. 

83, John Skeene. 

83, Henry Stacy. 
-84, Mahlon Stacy. 

84 — 85, Robert Stacy. 
-98, John Tatham. 
701, John Thompson. 
-85, Robert Turner. 
-84, William Welsh. 

97, Nathaniel Westland. 

84, Christopher White. 
84—85, Daniel Wills. 
97, John Worlidge. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



161 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 

1703 to 1775. 

(Colony of New Jersey.) 



* Died in Office. t Kesigned. x Removed. 

II Seat Forfeited. 



t Suspended. 



Eastern Division. 



Western Division. 



23 — 56, *James Alexander. 

61 — 75, William Alexander. 

13 — 36, *John Anderson. 

43—61, tEdward Antill. . 

53—69, *Lewis Morris Asbfield. 

03 — 08, *Andrew Bowne. 

13—22, xThomas Byerly. 

35 — 38, Thomas Farmar. 

10 — 22, *Tbomas Gordon. 

38 — 39, *Eobert Lettice Hooper. 

44—62, *James Hiide. 

47 — 62, *Andrew Johnston. 

18 — 32, *John Johnston, Jr. 

47 — 75, Peter Kemble 

47 — 58, JThomas Leonard. 

16—26, *DaTid Lvell. 

38—42, *Fenwick Lyell. 

06 — 15, *Roger Mompesson. 

03—04, tLewis Morris. 

08—34, II Lewis Morris. 

38—64, *Robert Hunter Morris. 

52 — 75, David Ogden. 

13—17, *Elisha Parker. 

65 — 75, James Parker. 

18—32, *John Parker. 

03—13, tWilliam Pinhorn. 

34 — 10, tWilliam Provoost. 

49—62, *Richard Saltar. 

03—09, William Sandford. 

38—39, tJobn Schuyler. 

70 — 75, Stephen Skinner. 

65 — 75, Frederick Smvtb. 

08—13, tPeter Sonmans. 

63 — 75, John Stevens. 

69 — 75, Richard Stockton. 

06—11, *Richard Townley. 

27 — 40, JCornelius VanHorne. 

03—04, *Samuel Walker. 

— 22, tGeorge Willocks. 
57—68. *Samuel Woodrufif. 



20—34, 
40^3, 
06—13, 
71—75, 
46—50, 
03—07, 
03—18, 

18, 
10—12, 
09—13, 
13^7, 
41-^4, 

75, 
09—17, 
18—31, 
06—09, 
03, 06, 
63—70, 
71—75, 
03—08, 
03—13, 
61—74, 
13—17, 
21—58, 
03—08, 
38—56, 
23—32, 
62—71, 
38—50, 
67—75, 
18—40, 



*Peter Bard. 
♦Peter Baynton. 
tDaniel Coxe. 
Daniel Coxe. 
tJohn Coxe. 
♦Francis Davenport. 
xGeorge Deacon. 
♦Peter Fretwell. 
♦Thomas Gardiner. 
tWilliam Hall. 
♦John Hamilton. 
♦Archibald Home. 
Francis Hopkinson. 
♦Hugh Huddy. 
♦John Hugg. 
♦Richard Ingoldsby. 
tSamuel Jennings. 
♦John Ladd. 
John Lavrrence. 
tDaniel Leeds. 
♦Robert Quary. 
JCharles Read. 
♦John Reading. 
tJohn Reading. 
tThomas Revell. 
♦John Rodman. 
♦James Smith. 
♦John Smith. 
♦Richard Smith. 
Samuel Smith. 
IJohn Wills. 



Councillor E^xtraordinary. 

1735, John Peagrum. 



162 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

1668 to 1703. 

(Under t'ne Proprietary Government.) 



East Jersey. 



80, 86, 88, 92, Jedediah Allen. 
74—76, 81—82, 85, 87, 92, 
Ephraim Andresse. 

80, Lewis Baker. 
92 — 93, 98 — 99, John Barclay. 

68, Balthazar Bayard. 
86, 88, 94—95, Richard Berry. 

68, John Bishop 
80, 84—85, 1701, 

John Bishop, Jr. 

1701, Jonathan Bishop. 
86 — 87, Ezekiel Bloomfield. 

73, Thomas Bloomfleld, Sr. 

75, Thomas Bloomfield, Jr. 

92, Thomas Boell. 

73, Stephen Bond, 

92, Nathaniel Bonnell. 
68, 75, 79—81, 83, John Bowne. 
92 — 93, 95, John Bowne. 

68, John Brackett. 
79 — 96, John Brown. 
76, Matthew Bunn. 
86, 92, 94—96, 98—99, 

Benjamin Burden. 

86, John Campbell. 
94 — 95, John Carrington. 
92, 94—96, Gerbrandt Classen. 
86, 92, Benjamin Clarke. 
93—94, 98—99, 

Thomas Codrington. 

1702, John Compton. 
92—93, Thomas Cook. 

99, John Cooper. 
81—83, Matthew Cornelius. 

92, John Craig. 
93—95, Azariah Crane. 
68 — 73, Jasper Crane. 
94, 97—98, Jasper Crane, Jr. 
79, 81, 83, 86, 88, 92, 

John Curtis. 
75, 80, 86, Hans Dedrick. 
68—09, 72, Robert Dennis. 
75, 79—84, 87—88, 

Samuel Dennis. 
92—95, 97—98, Samuel Dennis. 
92—93, Daniel Dodd. 

80, William Douglas. 
84 — 88, 92, George Drake. 
92—93, John Drake. 
73, 1701, Jonathan Dunham. 



93 — 95, 98 — 99, Edward Earle, Jr. 

86, Samuel Edsall. 
79—81, John Enslie. 

93, John Fitzrandolph. 
93—95, Nathaniel Fitzrandolph. 
93—95, Thomas Fitzrandolph. 
75, 79 — 81, 83, John Gillman. 

92, Thomas Gorden. 
88, 92, 95—96, 

Benjamin GriflBth. 
68, James Grover. 
86—88, William Haig. 
98 — 99, Andrew Hampton. 
68, 80, 83, 86, 98—99, 

John Hance. 
95 — 96, 98—99, Daniel Harcott. 

92, Hans Harmanse. 
93—95, 98—99, 

John Harriman, Sr. 

79, 83, 86, 88, 92—96, 98, 99, 

Richard Hartshorne. 
93—94, David Herriott. 
86, 88, Peter Hessells. 
95 — 99, Jedediah Higgins. 
93—95, Thomas Higgins. 
95, 96, Thomas Hilburne. 
68, 80, Jonathan Holmes. 
1700—01, Adam Hude. 
75, 92—93, Hopewell Hull. 
85, Thomas Huntington. 
79—86, 92—96, John Ilslay. 
75, 79 — 81, 83, Thomas Johnson. 

92, John Johnston. 
88, Jeffrey Jones. 

93—95, William Laing. 
87 — 88, John Langstaffe. 
88, 92—96, 98—99, 

William Lawrence. 
93 — 95, Samuel Leonard. 
95 — 98, Cornelius Longfield. 
95—96, William Looker, Sr. 
98, William Loveridge. 
75, 81, 83, Henry Lyon. 

80, 92—93, John Lyon. 
73, 75, 83, 92—95, 98—99 

Elias Michielson. 

81, 88, 95, Enoch Michielson. 

93, Hartman Michielson. 
68, Jacob Mollins. 

68—71, 82—83, 88, 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



163 



Samuel Moore. 
98 — 99, Lewis Morris. 
92 — 93, Henry Norris. 
68, 79, John Ogden, Sr. 
1701—02, Elisha Parker. 
86, 88, 92, John Parker. 

83, Joseph Parker. 

83, Benjamin Parkis. 
92—99, John Pike. 

99, Thomas Pike. 
86, 99—1701, William Pinhorne, 

73, Adrian Post. 
75, 80 — 81, Benjamin Price. 

86, William Pyles. 
93—94, William Bedford. 
92 — 95, 98 — 99, John Reid. 
77, 92—98, Thomas Richards. 
95—96, 98—99, 

Claus Jansen Romaine. 
94—96, John Royse. 
95—96, Richard Saltar. 

• 75, William Shattock. 
80—81, 83, Edward Slater. 
75, 81, John Slocum. 
84—86, Isaac Smalley. 



69, 71—72, John Smith. 

68, Casper Steenmets. 
92, 98 — 99, Johannes Steenmets. 

68, Samuel Swaine. 

68, Edward Tart. 
95—96, Albert Terhune. 
92 — 94, Thomas Thorpe, Sr. 
93 — 94, Job Throckmorton. 
75, 88, John Throckmorton. 

81, Peter Tilton. 
93—95, 98—99, John Treat. 

68, Robert Treat. 

99, Peter Van Este. 
92—93, Walling J. Van Winkel. 
98—99, Samuel Walker. 
75, 80, John Ward. 
88, 92, Eliakim Wardell. 
88, 92—93, John White. 

81, Thomas White. 
95—96, 98—99, John Williams. 
94—96, 9&— 99, George Willocks 

68, Thomas Winterton. 
93—94, Jonas Wood. 
99—1700, John Worth. 



1C68 to 1703. 



West Jersey. 



1697, 

85, 

85, 

97, 

97, 

1701, 

85, 

83—84, 

85, 

83—85, 

83—85, 

97, 

83—85, 

82, 

83—85, 

83—85, 

84—85, 

89, 97, 

97, 

97, 

85, 

82—83, 

85, 

97, 

84—85, 

85—86, 

82—83, 

83—85, 

83—85, 

97, 

82—85, 

97, 

82, 



John Adams. 
William Albertson. 
Richard Arnold. 
John Ashbrook. 
James Atkinson. 
John Bacon. 
Samuel Bacon. 
Michael Barron. 
Thomas Barton. 
Richard Basnett. 
W^illiam Bates. 
Jonathan Beers. 
97, William Biddle. 
Samuel Borden. 
John Borton. 
Edward Bradway. 
William Braithwaite. 
Benjamin Bramma. 
Timothy Brandreth. 
Joseph Brown. 
James Budd. 
85, Thomas Budd. 
William Budd. 
Henry Callinger. 
Roger Carary. 
Samuel Carpenter. 
John Chaffin. 
Samuel Cole. 
Francis Collins. 
Joseph Cooper. 
97, William Cooper. 
John Crawford. 
John Cripps. 



85, Peter Dalboe. 

85, Wolla Dalboe. 

97, Richard Daukin. 
84—85, 97, 01, 

Francis Davenport. 

97, John Day. 

97, Jacob Dayton. 
82—85, 97, George Deacon. 

82, Bernard Devonish. 
84—85, Robert Dimsdale. 

1701, Simeon Ellis. 
82—85, William Emley. 

85, William Evan's. 
82—85, Elias Farre. 
83—84, John Fenwick. 

84, Francis Forrest. 
97, Peter Fretwell. 
97, Hananiah Gam. 

82—85, 97, 1701, 

Thomas Gardiner. 
83—85, John Gosling. 
82—85, Richard Guy. 
97—1701, William Hall. 
82, 84, Godfrey Hancock. 
82, Richard Hancock. 
1701, John Hand. 
84 — 85, George Haselwood. 
82, 85, 97, 1701, 

Samuel Hedge. 

85, Israel Helme. 

97, Richard Heritage. 
83—84, 97, John Hollinshead. 
97, John Holme. 



164 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



-84, John Hooton. 

85, John Horner. 
-85, Thomas Howell. 

97. John Hugg. 

97, John Hugg, Jr. 

97, Joshua Humphreys. 
-85, George Hutchinson. 

68, Peter Jegou. 

97, 1701, Samuel Jennings. 

85, Richard Johnson. 

1701, John Kay. 

82, John Lambert. 
-85, 97, Thomas Lambert. 

84, Marcus Lawrence. 

85, Richard Lawrence. 
82, Daniel Leeds. 

85, Hypolite Lefever. 

97, Frederick J. Lippincott. 
701, Restore Lippincott. 
-85, John Maddocks. 
-84, Isaac Marriott. 

97, Peter Matson. 

85, Thomas Matthews. 

97, Matthew Medcalfe. 

1701, Archibald Mickle. 

97, Daniel Mills. 
-85, Roger Milton. 

85, Anthony Nealson. 
-85, James Xevill. 
-83, Mark Newbie. 
-85, Thomas Ollive. 

68, Fop F. J. Outhout. 

85, John Pancoast. 

97, William Pate. 
701, Philip Paul. 

-85, William Peachey. 
85, William Penton. 

84, John Pledger. 
1701, John Rambo. 

98, Edward Randolph. 
97, Thomas Rapier. 

97, 1701, John Reading. 

85, Mark Reeves. 
97, Andrew Robeson. 
85, Richard RusselL 



84, Christopher Saunders. 

84, Benjamin Scott. 
1701, John Scott. 

85, Thomas Sharp. 
97, John Shaw. 

83, John Skeene. 

84, John Smith. 
84, Thomas Smith. 

Samuel Spicer. 
Henry Stacy. 

1701, Mahlon Stacy. 



97 



-85 



82 

82—85, Robert Stacy. 

92, John Tatham. 

97, George Taylor. 

97, John Taylor. 
82, 85, 97, 1701, 

Thomas Thackare. 
82 — 84, Andrew Thompson. 
83—84, 97, John Thompson 

85, Richard Tindali. 
83—85, Percival Towle. 
84 — 85, Henry Treadway. 
84—85, Robert Turner. 
82 — 85, Edward Wade. 

97, Samuel Wade. 

85, William Warner. 

97, Benjamin Wheate. 

84, Christopher White. 
82, John White. 

85, Joseph White. 
1701, Thomas Wilkins. 

82—85, Daniel Wills, Sr. 

97, Robert Wilson. 
83—84, Henry Wood. 

85, John Wood. 

97, William Wood. 
1701, John Woodrufif. 

97, Joseph Woodruff. 
83—84, 97, John Woolston. 

85, John Worlidge. 

97, John Wright. 
82 — 85, Joshua Wright. 
82—84, Thomas Wright. 
82 — 85, Robert Zane. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



165 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY 

1703 to 1775. 

(Colony of New Jersey.) 



'Died in Office. 



**Died before sworn in. 
Resigned. fExpelled. 



$Seat vacated. 



EASTERN DIVISION. 
At 'Large. 



1703—04. Jedediah Allen. 04—06, 

03 — 06, Obadiah Bowne. 04 — 06, 

03—04, John Harrison. 07—09, 

03—06, Richard Hartshorue. 07—08, 

03—04, Michael Howden. 07—09, 

03—04, John Reid. 07—08, 

03—04, Richard Townley. 07—09, 

03—04, Cornelius Tunison. 07—09, 

03—06, Peter Van Este. 07—08, 

04 — 07, tJohn Bowne. 09, 

04—08, Jasper Crane. 08—09, 

04 — 06, John Lawrence. 08 — 09, 

04—09, John Royse. 08—09, 

04—06, Richard Saltar. 09, 



John Tunison. 
Anthony Woodward. 
Thomas Farmar. 
William Lawrence. 
Enoch Michielson. 
Lewis Morris. 
William Morris. 
Elisha Parker. 
Daniel Price. 
John Kinsey. 
Elisha Lawrence. 
Benjamin Lyon. 
Gershom Mott. 
John Treat. 



City of Perth Amboy. 



1703 — 09. Thomas Gordon. 

03 — 04, Miles Forster. 30 — 33, 

04—06, John Barclay. 38—42, 

07—09, 16—19. 43-^4, 

John Harrison. 44 — 51, 

10 — 14, John Johnston. 45 — 48. 

10—14, John Reid. 51—63, 

16, Thomas Farmar. 51 — 59, 

16—19, William Eires. 60—63, 

21—32, *John Johnston. 63—68, 

21, Andrew Redford. 63—75, 

22—25, Samuel Leonard. 69—71, 

27—29, 33—44, 72—75, 



Andrew Johnston. 
Gabriel Stelle. 
49 — 51. Lewis Johnston. 
Samuel Leonard. 
Samuel Xevill. 
Pontius Stelle. 
John Stevens. 
*John Johnston. 
Andrew Smyth. 
John Johnston. 
Courtland Skinner. 
John L. Johnston. 
John Coombs. 



Bergen County. 

1709 — 10, Lawrence Tan Buskirk. 27 — .33, Peter Sonmans. 

10 — 16, Andreas Van Buskirk. 27 — 51, Lawrence Van Buskirk 

10—16, William Sandford. 34 — 48, David Demarest. 

16, tHenry Brockholst. 49— .54, Derick Dey. 

16, tDavid Ackerman. 51 — 54, Cornelius Van Vorst. 

16 — 21, Hessell Peterson. 54 — 60, George Vreeland. 

16—21, Philip Schuyler. 54—68, Reynier Van Giesen. 

21 — 27, William Provoost. 61 — 75, Theunis Dey. 

21 — 27, Isaac Van Giesen. • 69 — 75, Johannes Demarest. 



166 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



Essex County. 



1709—14, John Treat. 
09 — 10, Benjamin Price. 
10—14, Joseph Marsh. 
16—25, 38—39, Josiah Ogden. 
16—30, 38—39, 43, 

Joseph Bonnel. 
27—33, John Cooper. 
30—33, Benjamin Price. 
40^2, 45—47, 51—53, 

John Low. 
40 — 42, John Rolph. 



43, **Peter Bayard. 
43 — 44, George Vreeland. 
44 — 51, John Crane. 
49 — 51, Joseph Camp. 
51 — 54, 56 — 65, §Robert Ogden. 
54—56, §Jacob De Hart. 
54—58, §Robert Bradbury. 
60—71, §John Ogden. 
66 — 75, Stephen Crane. 
72 — 75, Henry Garritse. 



Middlesex County. 



1709, John Johnston. 
09, George Duncan. 
10—14, 40—44, 45, 

Thomas Farmar. 
10—14, Adam Hude. 
16—25, John Kinsey, Jr. 
16 — 19, Charles Morgan. 
21—25, Moses Rolph. 
27—33, John Kinsey, Jr. 
27—39, James Hude. 
38—39, Edward Antill. 
40—42, 44, Robert Hude. 



43—44, 54—64, *Samuel Nevill. 

44, William Ouke. 
45 — 48, John Heard. 

45, *John Moores. 
46 — 48, Philip Kearney. 
49—75, John Wetherill. 
49 — 51, James Smith. 
51—54, Shobal Smith. 
65 — 71, Reune Runyon. 
72 — 74, *John Moores. 

75, Azariah Dunham. 



Monmouth County. 



1709. 16 — 19, Elisha Lawrence. 

09 — 14, Gershom Mott. 

10 — 25, William Lawrence. 

21—25, Garret Schenck. 

27 — 50, *John Eaton. 

27 — 33, James G rover. 

38 — 42, Cornelius Yanderveer. 



43—60, Robert Lawrence. 
51 — 62, *James Holmes. 
61—68, 72—75, 

Richard Lawrence. 
63 — 68, John Anderson. 
69 — 71, Robert Hartshorne. 
69—75, Edward Taylor. 



Morris County. 

1772—75, Jacob Ford. 72—75, William Winds. 

Somerset County. 



1709, Thomas Fitz Randolph. 

•-'9, Dennis. 

10 — 14, Cornelius Longfield. 

10 — 14, John Tunison. 

16—19, 27, 29, Thomas Hall. 

16 — 19, Benjamin Clark. 

21—25, Robert L. Hooper. 

21 — 25, 40 — 42, Thomas Leonard, 

27 — 29, Thomas Farmar. 

30 — 39, George Vannest. 



30—33, § Isaac Vanzant. 

33—39, Peter Dumont. 

40 — 54, John Van Middlesworth. 

40, tHendrick Fisher. 
43 — 44, Dirck Vas Veghten. 
45 — 75, Hendrick Fisher. 
54 — 67, *John Hoagland. 

68, Abraham Vannest. 
69—71, John Berrien. 
72—75, John Roy. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



167 



WESTERN DIVISION. 



At Large. 



1703—04, William Biddle. 

03 — 04, Joseph Cooper. 

03—08, William Hall. 

03 — 06, John Hugg, Jr. 

03—09, John Kay. 

03 — OG, Thomas Lambert. 

03 — 06, Restore Lippincott. 

03—06, John Mason. 

03 — 06, John Smith. 

03 — 04, William Stearenson. 

04 — 08, Thomas Bryant. 

04—06, Robert Wheeler. 

04—06, Joshua Wright. 

07—08, Peter Corson. 



07 — 09, Richard Johnson. 

07—08, Philip Paul. 

07 — 08, John Thompson. 

07—08, John Wills. 

07 — 08, Bartholomew Wyatt. 

09, Nathaniel Breading. 

09, Nathaniel Cripps, 

09, Ezekiel Eldredge. 

09, John Kaighn. 

09, John Lewis. 

09, Hugh Middleton. 

09, Hugh Sharp. 

09, John Somers. 



City of Burlington. 



1703—06, Peter Fretwell. 30—45, 

03—09, Thomas Gardiner. 46 — 50, 

07 — 08, Samuel Jennings. 45 — 50, 

09, Thomas Rapier. 51—60, 

09—14, Robert Wheeler. 51—54, 

09, William Bustill. 46—66, 

10—14, Isaac De^ow. 61—68, 

16—18, *Samuel Smith. 67—68, 

16 — 19, Daniel Smith. 69 — 71, 

21—25, John Allen. 69—71, 

21—25, Jonathan Wright. 72—75, 

27—29, John Rodman. 72—75, 
27 — 44, Isaac Pearson. 



Richard Smith. 
Richard Smith, Jr. 
Daniel Smith. 
Charles Read. 
John Deacon. 
Samuel Smith. 
John Lawrence. 
Thomas Rodman. 
Abraham Hewliugs. 
Joseph Smith. 
James Kinsey. 
Thomas Polegreen Hew- 
lings. 



Burlington County. 



1709—14, 21—29, 

Thomas Lambert. 
09— Samuel Smith. 
10 — 14, Joshua Humphreys. 
16—19, Jacob Doughty. 
16—19, Matthew Champion. 
21—24, *William Trent. 
27 — 42, *Mahlon Stacy. 
30—35, Joshua Wright. 
38—54, William Cook. 



43—44, Thomas Shinn. 
45 — 48, Samuel Wright. 
49 — 51, Joshua Bispham. 
51—57, *Barzillai Newbold. 
54—60, 69 — 75, Henry Paxson. 
57 — 60, Samuel Stokes. 
61—68, Daniel Doughty. 
61—68, Joseph Borden, Jr. 
69 — 71, Joseph Bullock. 
72 — 75, Anthony Sykes. 



Cave aiay County. 



1709—19, Jacob Spicer. 
09—14, Peter Fretwell. 

16, tJacob Heulings. 
16 — 19, Jeremiah Basse. 
21 — 25, Humphrey Hughes. 
21—29, Nathaniel Jenkins. 
27 — 45, Aaron Learning. 



30—39, 44, Henry Young. 

40 — 42, 46 — 71, Aaron Leaming. 

43—44, John Willets. 

44 — 65, *Jacob Spicer. 

66—71, *Nicholas Stillwell. 

71 — 75, Jonathan Hand. 

72 — 75, Eli Eldredge. 



Cuniberland County. 

1772 — 75, John Sheppard. 72 — 75, Theophilus Elmer. 



168 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



Gloucester County. 



1709—19, John Kay. 
09—14, John Kaighn. 

16, tDaniel Coxe. 

16, tRichard Bull. 
21 — 25, Samuel Cole. 
21—29, 38—44, John Mickle. 
27—33, William Harrison. 
30—49, *Joseph Cooper. 
45 — 48, Ebenezer Hopkins. 



49 — 50, *Janies Hinchman. 
50—54, William Mickle. 
51 — 54, Joseph Ellis. 
54—60, John Ladd. 
54 — 65, *Samuel Clement. 
61 — 68, David Cooper. 
66—68, Samuel Clement. 
69 — 75, Robert Friend Price. 
69 — -75, John Hinchman. 



Hunt fr (Ion County. 



1727—33, John Porterfield. 
27 — 33, Joseph Stout. 
38 — 42, Benjamin Smith. 
38—39, John Emley. 
40 — 42, Josepli Peace. 



4.3 — i5, William IMott. 
43 — 44, JAndrew Smith. 
44 — 45, Daniel Doughty. 
72 — 75, Samuel Tucker. 
72 — 75, John Mehelm. 



Hunterdon and Morris Counties. 

1746—54, William Mott. 46—54, John Emley. 

Hunterdon, 31orris and Sussex Counties. 



1754—00, Joseph Yard. 
54—60, Peter Middagh. 
61—68, George Beading. 



-71, John Haft. 

71, Samuel Tucker. 



To>vn of Salem. 



09, John 



Lewis. 
- Parker. 



10—14, Hugh Middleton. 
10—14, 21—25, John Mason. 



16 — 19, Isaac Sharp. 

16, tHenry Joyce. 

16 — 19, Richard Johnson. 

21 — 25, Thomas Mason. 



Salem County. 



1709, Thomas Sheppard. 
09—14, 21—25, Isaac Sharp. 
10—14, 21—25, 

Bartholomew Wyatt. 

16, tWilliam Hall. 

16, fWilliam Clowes. 
16 — 19, Dickinson Sheppai-d. 
27 — 29, Joseph Keen. 
27 — 29, Thomas Mason. 
30—33, John Brick. 



30—33, *James Whitton. 
33, t 38—39, Joseph Reeves. 
33—51, William Hancock. 
40—41, *Richard Smith. 
43 — 44, *Leonard Gibbon. 

44, Moses Sheppard. 
45—51, John Brick, Jr. 
72 — 75, Grant Gibbon. 
72 — 75, Benjamin Holme. 



Salem and Cumberland Counties. 



1751—62, *William Hancock. 
51 — 54, Richard Wood. 
54 — 71, Ebenezer Miller. 



63—68, Edward Keasbey. 
69 — 70, *Isaac Sharp. 
71, Grant Gibbon. 



74, *Thomas Van Home. 
;, Nathaniel Pettit. 



Sussex County. 

4 — 75, Joseph Barton. 



PRESIDENTS, VICE PRESIDENTS & SPEAKERS. 169 

PRESIDENTS AND VICE PRESI- 
DENTS OF COUNCIL AND 
SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 
OF ASSEMBLY. 

(Colony of New Jersey.) 



Presidents of Council. 
1703 to 1775. 

* Died in office. $ Resigned. || Seat forfeited. t Suspended. 

1703 — 04, tLewis Morris. 
0.5 — 08, *Andrew Bowne. 
08—34, II Lewis Morris. 
35 — 36, *Johu Anderson. 
36 — 47, *John Hamilton. 
47 — 58, JJohn Reading. 
58 — 64, *Robert Hunter Morris. 
64 — 75, Peter Kemble. 

Speakers of Assembly. 
1703 to 1775. 

* Died in Office. t Resigned. t Expelled. 

1703—04, Thomas Gardiner, City of Burlington. 

04 — 06, Peter Fretwell, City of Burlington. 
07, Samuel Jenings, City of Burlington. 

08 — 09, Thomas Gordon, City of Perth Amboy. 

09 — 14, John Kay, Gloucester. 
16, tDaniel Coxe, Gloucester. 

16 — 19, John Kinsey, Middlesex. 

21 — 22, 2.5 — 29, John Johnston, City of Perth Amboy. 

23 — 24, * William Trent, Burlington. 

30 — 33, 38, John Kinsey. Jr., Middlesex. 

38 — 39, Joseph Bonnel, Essex. 

40 — 44, Andrew Johnston, City of Perth Amboy. 

44 — 45, 48—51; 59—62, Samuel Nevill, City of Perth Amboy. 

46 — 48, 54 — 58, Robert Lawrence, Monmouth. 
51—54, Charles Read, City of Burlington. 
63 — 65, JRobert Ogden, Essex. 

6.5 — 70, 73 — 75, Courtland Skinner, City of Perth Amboy. 
70—72, Stephen Crane, Essex. 



170 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL, 

1770 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Lewis M. Walker, 
38 — 39, Japhet Ireland. 



40 — 41, Mahlon Canfleld. 
42 — 44, Absolam Cordery. 



Bergei 

76, 82—83, John Fell. 
77—78, Robert Morris. 
79—81, Theunis Dey. 
84—90, 92—95, Peter Harlng. 
91, 96 — 06, John Cutwater. 

07, 09—11, Peter Ward. 

08, 12—13, William Colfax. 
14—15, 18, Adrian Post. 

16, 19—21, John D. Haring, 

17, Martin Ryerson. 
22—23, Christian Zabriskie. 



County. 

24—26, 



27- 



32—33, 

Charles Board. 

-29, Nathaniel Board. 

31, Jacob M. Ryerson. 

34—35, Christian C. Zabriskie. 

36—37, Samuel R. Demarest. 

38 — 39, Francis Price. 

40, Albert G. Doremus. 
41 — 42, John Cassedy. 
43 — 44, John H, Zabriskie. 



Burlington County. 



76, Richard Smith. 02—04, 

77, John Imlay. 10—13, 
78—80, 83, Peter Tallman. 14, 
81—82, John Cox. 15—17, 
84—86, 89—90, William Newbold.l8, 29- 
87—88, Joseph Smith. 32—33, 

91, James Kinsey. 34, 

02. 1818—28, Caleb Newbold. 35—36, 

93—96, John Black. 37—41, 

97—1801, 04—09, 42, 

George Anderson. 43 — 44, 



Samuel Hough. 
John Beatty. 
Caleb Earl. 
William Irick. 
-31, William N. Shlnn. 
Richard Campion. 
James Newbold. 
Charles Stokes. 
William Irick. 
Moffett Craig. 
James S. Hulme. 



Cape May County. 



1776, Jonathan Hand. 11, 

77, 79—80, 82—83, Jesse Hand. 14, 

78, Jonathan Jenkins. 15 — 19, 

81, 85, Elijah Hughes. 

84, 86—93, Jeremiah Eldredge. 20—23, 

94—95, 1806, 09—10, 28—30, 

Matthew Whillden. 31—33, 

96—98, 1800, 04, 34—35, 

Permenus Corson. 36 — 37, 

99, John T. Townsend. 38 — 39, 

1801 — 04, 07, Ebenezer Newton. 40 — 41, 

05—06, William Eldredge. 42—44, 

08, 12 — 13, Joseph Falkenberge. 



Nathaniel Holmes. 
Furman Leamlng. 

24, 26—27, 
Joshua Swalne. 

25, Thomas H. Hughes. 
Israel Townsend. 
Joshua Townsend. 
Jeremiah Learning. 
Richard Thomson. 
Amos Corson. 
Thomas P. Hughes. 
Maurice Beesley. 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 171 

1776 to 1844. 
Cuiuberlund County. 

70_77, 82, Theopbilus Elmer. 13, Ezekiel Foster. 

78, Epbraim Harris. 14, 18, James f'lark. 

79, John Buck. 20 — 21, James D. Westcott. 

80, 84, Jonathan Elmer. 26, Epbraim Bateman. 

81, 83, 85—94, 9G— 97, 99—1800, 27—28, John Trenchard. 

Samuel Ogden. 29 — 32, Ellas P. i<eeley. 

95, Eli Elmer. 33, 37, Israel Stratton. 

98, Joel Fithian. 34, David Reeves. 

1801—02, David Moore. 35—30, Joshua Brick. 

03 — 04, 10 — 11, George Burgin. 38, Nathaniel Foster. 

05 — 06, Abraham Sayre. 39 — 40, Samuel Barber. 

06, 08, 12—13, 15—17, 19, 22—25, 41, Epbraim II. Whitecar. 

Ebenezer Seeley. 42, David Whitaker. 

07, Ebenezer Elmer. 43 — 44, Enoch H. Moore. 

09, James B. Hunt. 



E^ssex County. 

76 — 77, 79. Stephen Crane. 15 — 16, 25, 28, Amos Harrison. 

78, Abraham Clark. 19—22, 26, Silas Condit. 

80, James Caldwell. 24, 30, John Dow. 

81 — 84, JoRlah Ilornblower. 27, Samuel Pennington. 

85—87, John Peck. 29, Amzi Dodd. 

88, John Chetwood. 31 — 32, Isaac H. Williamson. 

89, Jonathan Dayton. 33, Jacob M. Mead. 
90—97, John Condit. 34. Oliver S. Halstead. 
98—1800, Daniel Marsh. 35, Stephen D. Day. 
01, 06. 10—13. Charles Clark. 30. Andrew Parsons. 
02—03. William S. Pennington. 37. John J. Chetwood. 
04 — 06, 17—18. 23, John Dodd. 38 — 40. Amzi Armstrong. 

07, Moses Jacques. 41 — 42, William Chetwood. 

08—09, Thomas Ward. 43-^4, Joseph S. )Jodd. 
14, Charles Kiasey. 



Gloucester County. 

1776—80, 84, John Cooper. 21—22, Michael C. Fisher. 

81, Joseph Hugg. 23, 29, 31—32, Joseph Kaighn. 

82—83, 85—86. Elijah Clark. 24—25. Isaac Wilkins. 

87—94. Joseph Ellis. 26. John Moore White. 

95 — 97. Joseph Cooper. 27, Christopher Sickler. 

98 — 1802. Thomas Clark. 28, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

03—06, 11, Isaac MIckle. 30. 33—35. John W. Mickle. 

06, 14. 16, Samuel W. Harrison. 36 — 38, John C. Smallwood. 

07—10, Richard M. Cooper. 39 — 40, Joseph Porter. 

12 — 13, James 'lopkins. 41, William R. Cooper. 

17 — 18, James ^latlack. 42. Joseph Saunders. 

19 — 20. John Baxter. 43 — 44. Joshua P. Browning. 



Hudson County. 

1840. Abraham Van Santvoord. 43 — 44, Edwin V. R. Wright. 
41—42, John S. Condit. 



172 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



1776 to 1844. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776 — 81. John Stevens. 

82, Joseph Reading. 
83—84, Philemon Dickinson. 
85 — 88, Robert-Lettis Hooper. 

89, Benjamin Van Cleve. 
90 — 1804, Jolin Lambert. 
05 — 06, John Wilson. 
06 — 14, John Haas. 

15, Aaron Vansyckle. 
1&— 19, 21, 24—25, 

Elnathan Stevenson. 

20, Thomas Prall. 



22—23, John Cavanagh. 
26 — 29, George Maxwell. 
30, Thomas Capner. 
31 — 32, Peter I. Clark. 

33, Alexander Wurts. 

34, Nathaniel Saxton. 
35, 42 — 44, William Wilson. 

36, Henry S. Hunt. 
37 — 38, Joseph Moore. 

39, James Snyder. 
40—41, John Lilly. 



1838—39, Charles G. McChesney. 42 
40 — 41, James White. 



Mercer County. 

George Woolsey. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, 


John Wetherill. 


18, 


77—79, 


Jonathan Deare. 


19, 21, 


80, 83, 


88, Benjamin Manning. 


23—24, 


81—82, 


John Beatty. 




84—85, 


96, Samuel Fitz-Randolph, 


25, 


86—87, 


89 — 94, Samuel Randolph, 


29, 


95, 97. 


99—1806, 


30, 




Ephraim Martin. 


32, 


98, 1820, Andrew Kirk|)atrick. 


33, 


Of), 


El-curies Beatly. 


34, 


07, 09, 


14—17, 22. 


35, 




Ercuries Beatty. 


3&— 38. 


08, 10, 


12—13. James Schureman. 39— 40, 


11, 


John James. 


42—44, 


13, 


John Neilson. 





John N. Simpson. 

27—28, James T. Dunn. 

26, 30, 

Robert McChesney. 

William Edgar. 

James Cook. 

Samuel Edgar. 

John T. McDowell. 

Josiah B. Howell. 

Andrew Snowhill. 

John Perrinc, Jr. 

41, George T. McDowell. 

David B. Appleget. 

Abraham W. Brown. 



I>Tonniouth County. 



1776. 


Nathaniel Scudder. 


10—11, 


13—21, Silas Crane. 


77—79, 


Joseph Holmes. 


22, 


William Andrews. 


80—83, 


89—92, 95, 


23—24, 


William L Bowne. 




Elisha Lawrence. 


25. 28- 


-29, William I. Emley. 


84, 


John Imlay. 


26—27, 


Henry D. Polhemus. 


85. 


David Forman. 


30, 


Samuel G. Wright. 


86—88, 


99. Asher Holmes. 


31, 34, 


John Patterson. 


93—94, 


1812—13. 


32—33, 


Daniel Holmes. 




Thomas Henderson. 


35—36, 


Thomas Aarowsmith. 


96—98, 


Elisha Walton. 


37, 


William L. Dayton. 


1800, 


John Lloyd. 


38—39, 


Benjamin Oliphant. 


01—07, 


Thomas Little. 


40, 


Peter Vredenburgh, Jr. 


08, 


William Lloyd. 


41—44, 


James Patterson. 


09, 


John A. Scudder. 







MEMBERS OP COUNCIL. 



173 



1776 to 1844. 



Morris County. 



1776—80, Silas Condlct. 
81—84, John Carle. 

85, John-Cleve Symmes. 
86—88, 93—94, 90— 1800, 
Abraham Kltohel. 
89—90, William Woodhull. 
91—92, 95, Ellis Cook. 
1801—06, David Welsh. 
07 — 14, Benjamin Ludlow. 
15 — 22, Jesse Upson. 



23—27, Silas Cook. 

28 — 30, Edward Condlct. 

31—32, 40 — 41, James Wood. 

33, Mahlon Dickerson. 

34, William Monro. 

35 — 36, Jephthah B. Munn. 

37—38, William Brittin. 

39, Jacob W. Miller. 

42, Ezekiel B. Gaines. 

43 — 44, John H. Stansborough. 



Passaic County. 



1837 — 38, Andrew Parsons. 
39 — 40, Nathaniel Board. 
41, Silas E. Canfleld. 



42, Williata Deckey. 
43—44, Silas D. Canfleld. 



Salem County. 



1776, 78 — 79, Andrew Sinnickson. 23, 40, 

77, Edward Keasbv. 24—25, 

80, 82, 86, Whitten Crlpps. 26—28, 

81, 83—84, John Holme. 29, 
85, 87—93, John Mayhev/. 30, 
94—96, Thomas Sinnickson. 31, 
97—99, 1801—04, William Parret. 33, 

1800, William Wallace. 34, 37, 

04, 06—07, Jacob Hufty. 35, 

05—06, 09—13, Isaiah Shlnn. 36, 

08, Samuel Ray. 38 — 39, 

13—17, Jedediah Dubois. 41, 

18, 20—22, John Dickinson. 42, 

19, Hedge Thompson. 43 — 44, 



Josiah M. Reeve. 
Zacheus Ray. 
32, Israel R. Clawson. 
Philip Freas. 
James Newell. 
Henry Freas. 
Charles Swing. 
William F. Reeve. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Thomas Yarrow. 
John A. Lambert. 
Robert Newell. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 



Somerset County. 



1776, William Paterson. 
77, 93—97, James Linn. 

78, Abraham Van-Neste. 
79, 81—89, Ephraim Martin. 

80, John Witlierspoon. 
90 — 92, Frederick Frelinghuysen. 
98—1804. Peter D. Vroom. 

04, Henry Vanderveer, 
05—13, 15—19, 

John Frelinghuysen. 



14, 26—29, Andrew Howell. 
20—25, Peter I. Stryker. 
30—34, James S. Green. 

35, William Thompson. 
36—38, Walter Kirkpatrick. 

39, Augustus R. Taylor. 
40 — 41, Joseph W. Scott. 
42 — 44, George H. Brown. 



174 



MEMBERS OF COUNCIL. 



1770 to 1844. 



Sussex County. 



1776. 80, Jobn-Cleves Symmes. 19—20, 
77, 84—85, 89—90, 21, 

Robert Hoops. 22, 

78—79, Robert Ogdon. 23—24, 

81—83, Hugh Hughes. 25—26, 
86—88, Mark Thomson. 27, 

91—99, Charles Beardslee. 28—31, 
1800—04, William McCulIough. 32, 

04, John Linn. 33—34, 

05—06, George Bidleman. 37—38, 

06, Jacob S. Thomson. 39 — 40, 

07 — 13, Barnabus Swayze. 41 — 42, 

13—15, William Kennedy. 43-^4, 
16 — 18, Thomas Vankirk. 



Robert W. Rutherford. 
William T. Anderson. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
Jacob Thompson. 
Thomas C. Ryerson. 
Samuel Fowler. 

35, David R.verson. 
Peter Merkel. 

36, Samuel Price. 
Richard R. Morris. 
Daniel Haines. 
Alexander Royles. 
Benjamin Hamilton. 



Warren County. 



1825, Jacob Thompson. 
26 — 28, Jeremy Mackey. 
29 — 30, Jonathan Bobbins. 

31, Samuel Wilson. 
32—33, Charles Carter. 



34—35, Charles Sitgreaves. 
36 — 39, Robert H. Kennedy. 

40, Caleb H. Valentine. 

41, Henry H. Van Ness. 
42 — 44, Charles J. Ihrie. 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



175 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 

1776 to 1844. 



Atlantic County. 



1837, Joseph Endleott. 
38—39, Robert B. Risley. 



40 — 41, Joseph S. Read. 
42 — 44, George Wbeaton. 



Bergen County. 



1776, Peter Zabriskie. 
76, 83, Theunis Dey. 

76, 84, 86, David Board 
77—78, Joast Beam. 

77, 81, Garret Leydecker. 

77, 82, 87, 1815, John Outwater. 
78 — 81, 87, Peter Wilson. 

78, 97—1804. Tliomas Blanch. 

79, Robert Morris. 
79 — 83, Isaac Blanch. 

80, Gabriel Ogden. 
82—83, 87, 94—95. Adam Boyd, 
84—86, 92, 96, 1810—11, 

Jacob Terhune (Terheun) 

84, Edow Merseallus. 

85, Abraham Blauvelt. 
85—86, 88—90, 93, Isaac Nicoll. 
88 — 90, 93, John (A.) Benson. 
90—91, Edmund W. Klngsland. 
91, 95, John Harlng. 

91 — 92, 96, Henry Berry. 
92—94, 96—1802, 04—06, 
Peter Ward. 

94, William M. Bell. 

95, Benjaciln Blaclidge. 
97—98, Robert Campbell. 
99—1801, John Dey. 
02—04, 06. Isaac Kipp. 

03 — 04, Martin I. Ryerson. 
04 — 06, 08—09, Adrian Post. 
0.5 — 06, Odonijah Schuyler. 
06—07, 09—11. William Colfax. 

07, John Vanhorn. 

07, Abraham Forshee. 
08. 14—17, Albert C. Zabriskie. 
08 — 09, 18, John Hopper. 
10—11, 13. John A. Westervelt. 
12—1.3. Martin Van Houten. 
12 — 13, 10, Casparus Bogart. 
12 — 13, Thomas Dickerson. 

14, Richard Cadmus. 

14, Jacob K. Mead. 
15, 20—21, Charles Board. 

15, Garret A. I.ydacker. 
16 — 17, Jacob Banta. 



16—17, 
16, 21- 
18, 
18, 24, 
19—20, 



19, 
20, 
1—23, 
23, 

24, 



99 



24, 

25, 

26, 

27, 30, 

27, 

28, 

28, 

28—29, 

29—30, 

30, 33, 

31, 

31, 

31, 

32—33, 

32—33, 

32, 

34, 

34—35, 

34, 

35, 36, 

35, 



37—38, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
39—40, 
39, 
39—40, 
41—42, 
41—42, 
43—44, 
43—44. 



Cornelius Merseiles. 
-22, Peter Sip. 
Casparus Prior. 
Nathaniel Board. 
25—26, 29, 

Cornelius Van Winkle. 
Silas Brinkerhoof. 
Sebe Brinkerhoof. 
John Westervelt, Jr. 
25—27, David I. Christie. 
Garret Ackers^on. 
John Van Waggoner. 
Henry B. llaggerman. 
Charles Kinsey. 
Peter J. Terhune. 
Cornelius D. Van Riper. 
Christian Zabriskie. 
Peter C. Westervelt. 
Andrew P. Hopper. 
John Ward. 
Samuel R. Demarest. 
Garret Sip. 
Andrev? H. Hopper. 
John R. Blauvelt. 
Garret P. Hopper. 
John M. Cornelison. 
Samuel Demarest. 
John F. Hopper. 
Abraham Lydecker. 
Peter I. Ackerman. 
Michael Saunler. 
John 11. Hopper. 
Henry Dbremus. 
Jetur R. Riggs. 
David D. Van Bussum. 
Albert G. Lydecker. 
John Cassedy. 
John G. Ackerson. 
Albert G. Doremns. 
Albert J. Terhune. 
James I. Demarest. 
John H. Zabriskie. 
William G. Hopi)er. 
Jacob C. Terhune 



176 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1770 to 1844. 



Burlinston County. 



1776—77, Peter Tallraan. 


20, 


76, 78. 


83, Caleb Shreve. 


21—24, 


76, 


Joseph Newbold. 


21—23, 


77, 


Samuel Rogers. 


22, 


77—82, 


Thomas Feniraore. 


23—24, 


78—79, 


Josiah Foster. 


25—27, 


79, 85- 


-90, Joseph Biddle. 


25—27, 


80, 


William Trent. 


25-28, 


80, 


William Hough. 


28—30, 


81—83, 


Israel Shreve. 


28, 


81, 83, 


90—92, 95, 


28, 




George Anderson. 


29, 


82, 


Thomas Reynolds. 


29, 


84, 


James Kinsey. 


30, 


84, 


Cleayton Newbold. 


30—35, 


84—85, 


87, Richard S. Smith, 


30, 


85, 


Joseph Smith. 


30—32, 


86, 


David Ridgway. 


31—32, 


86, 


Uriah Woolman. 


31—32, 


87—89, 


Robert Strettell Jones. 


31—32, 


88—90, 


Daniel Newbold. 


31, 


91, 


Joshua M. Wallace. 


32—34, 


91, 


Caleb Newbold. 


33, 


92, 1801—04. John Lacey. 


33, 


92—93, 


Thomas Ilollenshead. 


33—34, 


93—96, 


Samuel Hough. 


33, 


93, 


Henry Ridgway. 


34, 


94, 


Joseph Stokes. 


34, 


94, 


John Van Emburgh. 


34, 


95—96. 


Stacy Biddle. 


35—36, 


96—1804. 06—09, 16—17. 


35—36, 




William Coxe. Jr. 


35—36, 


97, 1820—22. Thomas Newbold. 


35—36, 


97—1801. Job Llppincott. 


36, 


97—1800. 02—07, 


37—38, 




William Stockton. 


37—38, 


98. 


Joseph Budd. 


37, 


99—1804, 08—17, 19. 


37, 




William Pearson. 


38—39, 


1804—11. 13—14. William Irlck. 


38, 


04—06. 


Isaac Cowgill. 


39-^1, 


04—13, 


Caleb Earle. 


39—41, 


10—15, 


Charles Ellis. 


39-40, 


12—17, 


Samuel J. Read. 


40—41, 


15—16. 


William Reeve. 


41—42, 


17—19. 


24, John Evans. Jr. 


42—44, 


18—19, 


2.3—24, William Griffith. 


42—44, 


18—19, 


John Newbold. 


42—44, 


18. 


Samuel Haines. 


42, 


20, 


George Hulme. 


43—44, 


20—22, 


25—27, Gershom Mptt. 


4S-44, 



William Stockton, Jr. 
Richard L. Beatty. 
William Woolman. 
Samuel Deacon. 
Jonathan Hough. 
29, Joshua S. Earl. 
Isaiah Toy. 
37 — 41, John Emley. 
Samuel Black. 
Philip F. Howell. 
Richard Eayre. 
John Warren. 
Charles M. Wells. 
Charles Stokiis. 
George Deacon. 
Richard Campion. 
Benjamin H. Lippincott. 
Joshua Wright, Jr. 
Benjamin Shreve, Jr. 
William R. Allen. 
Samuel Black. 
Israel Biddle. 
John H. Rulon. 
Zebedee M. Wills. 
Isaac Hilllard. 
George Black. 
Benjamin Fish. 
Amos Stilos. 
Thomas Page, M.D. 
Anderson Lalor. 
Moses Wills. 
Thomas F. Budd. 
Benjamin Davis. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Jesse Richards. 
Amos W. Archer. 
Robert C. Hutchinson. 
Phineas S. Bunting. 
Bowes Reed Brown. 
William W. Norcross. 
William Black. 
Levi Borton. 
Elihu Mathis. 
Isaac Stokes. 
Thomas H. Richards. 
John C. Deacon. 
Benjamin Ridgway. 
Joseph Sattertliwait. 
Thouias Harrison. 
Thomas Harris. 
Isaiah Adams 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



177 



1776 to 1844. 
Cape May County, 



1776, Ell Eldrldge. 
76, Joseph Savage. 
76—77, Hugh Hatliorne. 

77, 79, 84, 

Henry- Young Townsend. 
77—78, 80—81, 

Jeremiah Eldredge. 

78, John Hand. 

78, 81, 87—88. 90-90, 

Richard Townsend. 

79, James Whilden. 
79, Jonathan Learning. 

80, 83, Joseph Ulldreth. 
80—82, 86—88, 91—93, 1804, 

Matthew Whllden. 
82 — 83, 85—86, John Baker. 
82, 84—92, 96, 98, 

Elijah Townsend. 

84, Levi Eldredge (Resigned), 
85, 89—90, Nezer Swain. 

89, Ell Townsend. 

93, Ebenezer Newton. 



94, David Johnston. 
94—95, Eleazer Hand. 

95, Reuben Townsend. 

96, 99, 1801, Abijah Smith. 

97, 1800, Persons Learning. 
1802 — 04, 10, Joseph Falklnburge. 
05—07, 09, 12—13, 

Thomas H. Hughes. 
06, 08, 11, 15—17. 18—19, 22, 
Nicholas Wlllits. 

13, Joshua Swain. 

14, Robert M. Holmes. 
20—21, 23, 26. 28—29, 

Joshua Townsend. 
24 — 25, 27. Israel Townsend. 
30 — 33. Jeremiah Learning. 
34 — 35, Richard Thomson. 
36 — 37, Amos Corson. 
38—39, Thomas P. Hughes. 
40 — 41, Maurice Beesley. 
42 — 44, Reuben Wlllets. 



Cumberland County. 



1776—77, 82—84, 86—87, 92, 
Ephralm Harris. 

76, 78, 82—83, 85—80, 96, 99, 

Jonathan Bowen. 
76—78, John Buck. 

77, 94, Ephralm Seeley. 
78 — 79, James Ewlng. 
79, 91—93. Joel Flthlan. 

79, Timothy Elmer. 

80, Thomas Ewlng. 
80, Samuel Ogden. 

80, Ladls Walling. 
81—83, Joshua Ewlng. 

81, Joshua Brick. 
81, JoRlah Seeley. 
84, Wllllflm Kelsey. 

84—85, 87—89, 91—92, 

John Burgin. 
8.5 — 88, John Sheppard. 
8a— 89, Eli Elmer. 
89—91, 93—95, 1817, 19, 
Ebenezer Elmer. 
90, 1800, Richard Wood. Jr. 
93, 96 — 97. David Moore. 
94—95. Benjamin Peck. 

95. Ebenezer Seeley. 
96 — 97, James Harris. 

98, Isaac Wheaton. 

98, John Sheppard, Jr. 
99 — 1802, George Burgin. 
1801 — 04, Azel Plerson. 



03—04, 


Robert Smith. 


04, 


Abijah Davis. 


1800, 05—06. 


James Lee. 


05—06. 


Jededlah Ogden. 


06. 16. 


James D. Westcott. 


06—07, 


Benjamin Champneys. 


07—08, 


Jonathan Moore. 


08—09. 


11. 13. Ephralm Bateman. 


09—15, 


Daniel Rlchman. 


10. 


Isaac Watts Crane. 


12—13. 


Stephen Willis. 


14, 


Thomas Lee. 


15—16, 


20. 24, Nathan Leake. 


15, 17, 


John S. Wood. 


16, 18. 


Daniel Parvin. 


17—18, 


John Sibley. 


18—19, 


21, John Lanning, Jr. 


19—23, 


25—28. 30. 




William B. Ewlng. 


20—23, 


Lucius Q. C. Elmer. 


22 


J. Mayhew. 


23-25! 


Ishrael Stratton. 


24, 


George Souder. 


25. 


Edmund Sheppard. 


26—29. 


Nathaniel Foster. 


26—28, 


36. Elias P. Seeley. 


29, 


Philip Flthlan. 


29, 


Michael Swing. 


30—31, 


Jeremiah Stratton. 


30, 


William D. Barrett. 



178 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY 



177G to 1844. 



31—32, John Lanning. 37, 

31, Henry Shaw. 

32, 43^4, Josiah Shaw. 38—39, 

32, Reuben Hunt. 38, 

33, Jeremiah Stull. 40, 
33, Noah W. Flanagan. 40 — 41, 
33, William Lore. 40 — 41, 

34 — 36, Thomas E. Hunt. 41, 

34 — 35, 39, Isaac Newcomb. 42, 

34, 39, Eijhraim H. Whitaker 42, 

(Whitecar). 42, 

36, Peter Ladow, 43 — 44, 

37, Noah W. Flanagin. 43 — i4, 
37, Samuel Bowen. 



David Whitaker (White- 
car). 

Belford M. Bonham. 
David Jones. 
Lewis Rice. 
Benjamin F. Chew. 
William P. Seeley. 
Elmer Ogden. 
Thomas Ware. 
Joseph Butcher. 
John R. Cory. 
Daniel L. Burt. 
Joseph Taylor. 



Essex County. 



1776, 83 — 85, Abraham Clark. 
76—82, 93, Caleb Camp. 
76, 82—88, Henry Garritsc. 

77, Edward Fleming. 
77 — 79, 81, Jacob Brookfleld. 
78, 82, Isaac Woodruff. 
79 — 80, Josiali Hornblower. 
80, 82—83, 85—86, 89, 93, 
Daniel Marsh. 

81, Samuel Potter. 

84, John Peck. 
86 — 87, 90, Jonathan Dnyton. 
87—90, 94—97, Jonas Wade. 
88—89, John Condit. 

90, Abraham Ogden. 
91—92, 94 — 96, Elias Dayton. 
91—92, Matthias Williamson. 
91—92, Israel Hedden. 
93, 96, 98—1800, 06—07, 
Abraham Spear. 
94 — 95, James Hedden. 
97—99, William S. Pennington. 

97. Recompence Stansbury. 
98—1800, 05—00, 09, 10, 

Charles Clark. 
1800—01, Jabpz Parkhurst. 
01, 04, 06, 10, Amos Harrison. 

01, Ralph Post. 
02—04, 07, 10, 24, 28, 

Abraham Godwin. 
02—04, 08—09, 13, 15, 17—18, 

Israel Day. 
02—04, Ezra Darby. 
04, 06, James Willc-ock. 
04, 06 — 09, Silas Whitehead. 
05—06, 10—15, 20—23, 25, 

Samuel Pennington. 
05 — 06, Moses Jacques. 
05—06, 17—18, William Gould. 

07, Abraham Vanhouten. 
08—09, 19, Nathan Squler. 



08, Andrew Wilson. 

10, Joseph Quinby. 

11, Thaddeus Mills. 
11, 14, Samuel Condit. 

11, Abraham Ackerman. 
12 — 13, 19, Charles Kinsey. 
12 — 14, James Wilson. 
12—13, 16, Silas Condit. 
14 — 15, Jonathan Dayton. 
15—16, 20, 22—23, John Dow, 

16, Isaac H. Williamson. 
17 — 19, Thomas T. Kinney. 
17—23, Samuel B. Miller. 
20, 26—27, Stephen D. Day. 
21 — 22, Philemon Dickerson. 

21, Caleb Halstead. 

23, 25, John Mann. 

24, Francis C. F. Randolph. 

24, 26 — 27, Amzi Dodd. 
24—26, 28, William Stites. 

25, John Trarers. 

26, Brant Van Blarcom. 

27, Oliver S. Halsted. 
27 — 28, Dennis Coles. 

28, William Pennington. 

29, Joseph C. HornM-jwer. 
29, John J. Chetwood. 

29, John Vail. 

29, Luther Little. 

30, 33, Cornelius G. VanRiper. 
30—32, John J. Baldwin. 
30—32, Ira F. Randolph. 

30, Moses Smith. 

30, Stephen J. Meeker. 
31—32, David Martin. 
31 — 32, John P. Jackson. 
31—32, William Dickey. 
33—34, Asa Whitehead. 
33 — 34, John J. Bryant. 

H3, Robert Morrell. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



179 



1776 to 1844. 



33—34, Gideon Ross. 39—40, 

34—35, Andrew Parsons. 39 — 40, 

34, Jonas Smitli. 40 — 41, 

35—36, Jacob Flatt. 40-^1, 

35—36, Joseph N. Tuttle. 40—41, 

35—36, James W. Wade. 41 — 44, 
35—36, John J. Chetwood. 41, 

36—37, William J. Pierson. 41—42, 

37, Stephen Dod. 41—42, 

37—38, Alexander C. M. Penn- 42—44, 

ington. 42 — 44, 

37—38, John Llttell. 42—44, 

37, Israel Crane. 42 — 44, 
38 — 39, Edward Sanderson. 43 — 44, 
38—39, William Stites. 43—44, 

38, Abraham V. Spear. 



James H. Robinson. 
Samuel H. Gardner. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Alexander Wilson. 
Benjamin F. Brookfield. 
Stephen Cougar. 
Jonas Smith. 
David B. Lum. 
Jabez Cook. 
Lemuel W. Jacobus. 
Jotham Potter. 
Samuel C. Smith. 
Jephtha Baldwin. 
Isaac Van Wagenan. 
John Runyon. 



Gloucester County. 



76, 92, Richard Somers. 

76, Robert F. Price. 

76, 1801, Isaac Mickle. 

77, 78, Elijah Clark. 

77, John Wilkins, Jr. 
77, Isaac Tomlinson. 

78, 81—85, 87—93, 1803—04, 

Joseph Cooper. 
79 — 80, John Sparks. 

79, Joseph Low. 

79 — 80, Thomas Rennard. 

80, Isaac Kay. 
81—83, 90, Samuel Hugg. 
78, 81—85. 

Joseph Ellis (Resigned). 
84—88, 90—91, Thomas Clark. 

85, David Davis. 

86 — 89, Franklin Davenport. 

86, John Kille. 

89, 93, 95—97, 1800, 02, 

Abel Clement. 
91 — 94, John Blackwood. 

94, Benjamin Whitall. 
94, 99, Thomas Wilkins. 
95—97, 1800—02, Samuel French. 
95—96, Thomas Somers. 

97, Daniel Leeds. 

98 — 99, Joshua L. Ilowell. 

98 — 1802. Samuel W. Harrison. 

98. James Wilkins. 
1803—06. Robert Newell. 

O.S— 04, 15—16, Rlohard Risley. 
05—06, Reuben Clark. 
05—06. Samuel G. Champion. 
06, 10—11, Matthew Gill. 
00—07, 10, Mlch.ael C. Fisher. 
07 — 08, 11, Jacob Glover. 
07 — 08, 10, Benjamin Rulon. 
08 — 09, Thomas Doughty. 



08, 11, Joseph V. Clark. 

09, John Brick. 
12 — 17, Isaac Pine. 
12—13, Joseph C. Swett. 
12—13, Daniel Carrell. 
13—14, 24, 26, 

Charles French (Jun.). 

14, Nicholas Rape. 
15 — 17, Edward Sharp. 

17, 23, 28, John Estile (Estill). 

18, 24, 26, Daniel Lake. 
18—19, Samuel Kllle. 

18, Samuel L. iJowell. 

19, Jeremiah J. Foster. 

19, Thomas Garwood. 

20, Jehu Wilson. 
20, William Tatem. 

20, 23, John Moore White. 
21—22, 25, 23, 34, 

John R. Scull. 

21, 23, 28, Charles C. Stratton. 
21—22, Joseph Kalghn. 

22, Isaac Micule, Jr. 
24 — 25, Benjamin B. Cooper. 

24, Thomas Chapman. 
26—27, Thomas Bee. 
27—28, 37—38, Joseph Porter. 
27, 29, John W. Mickle. 

29, Isaac Hlnchman. 
29—30, Japhet Ireland. 
30 — 31, Jacob Howey. 
30—31, 38-^0, Charles Reeves. 

30, Robert L. Armstrong. 
31—32, Charles F. Wilkins. 
31 — 32, Samuel B. Westcott. 

32, John Gill, Jr. 

32, 38—40, Elijah Bower. 
33 — 35, Joseph Rogers. 

33, Jesse Smith. 



180 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1770 to 1844. 

33—35, William R. Cooper. 41—42, 

34—35, Samuel B. Lippencott. 41, 

35, Joseph Rnilicott. 41, 
36—38, Josei)h W. Cooper. 42, 
36—37, James W. Caldwell. 42, 
36—37, David C. Ogden. 43^4, 

36, John Richards. 43 — 44, 
39 — 40, Joseph Franklin. 43 — 44, 
39 — 40, 42. Richard W. Snowden. 43 — 44, 

41, Joseph I.. Pierson. 



Thomas 11. Whitney. 
John B. Miller. 
Charles Knight. 
Samuel C. Allen. 
Charles II. French. 
Nathan T. Stratton. 
Thomas B. Wood. 
Benjamin Harding. 
Samuel W. Cooper. 



1840, John S. Condit. 
41 — 42, Abraham L. Van Bos 
kerck. 



Hudson County. 

43 — 44, Benjamin F. Welch. 



Hunterdon County. 



1776 — 78, John Hart. 
76, 81, John Mehelm. 
76, Charles Coxe. 
77 — 78, 82, Nehemiah Dunham. 
n, 79—81, 83—88, 91—93. 95—98, 
1800, 02, 

Benjamin Van Cleve. 

78, David Chambers. 
79—80, J a red Sexton. 

79, William Gano. 

80 — 85, 88, John Lambert. 
82 — 84, Samuel Tucker. 
85—87, Joab Houghton. 
86—87, 89—90, 94. 

John Anderson. 

88, Robert Taylor. 

89, Joshua Corshen. 
89, Charles Axford. 

30 — 92, Thomas Lowrey. 

90, 92, John Taylor. 

91, 93—98, 1800. ■•2, 

Aaron D. Woodruff. 
93—98. 1800, 02, Simon Wyckoff. 

93, Samuel Stout. 
94 — 95, David Frazer. 
96—97, 99—1800, 02, 

Stephen Burrows. 

97, Samuel R. Stewart. 

98, Joseph Beavers. 
98—99, 1801, 03—08, 

Joseph Hankloson. 
99—1801. 03—00. 17. John Haas. 

99, John I.equear. 
1801, 03 — 06, Nathan Stout. 
01 — 03, Peter Gordon. 

04, Hugh Runyon. 

04, Ellett Tucker. 
05 — 06, 08, Joshua Wright. 
06 — 14. Aaron Vansyckle. 

07, John Dowers. 



07 — 11, 21, Moses Stout. 
09—11, 22, James J. Wil.son. 

10, Elnathan Stevenson. 

11, Thomas Prall, Jr. 
12—13, William Potts. 
12 — 13, David Manners. 
12 — 13, Benjamin Wright. 
13—14, Edward Yard. 
33—14, Samuel Barber. 
13—14, John Opdycke. 

l.j, Samuel I.. Southard 
(Resigned). 
15—16, John Farlee. 
1.5—17, William Nixon. 
15—16, 18—20, 23, 

Abraham Stout. 
16 — 17, Thomas Prall. 
17—18, Robert McNeely. 
18^19, 27—29, Isaac G. Farlee. 
18 — 23, George Maxwoil. 
19, 21, Isaac Taylor. 

20, Israel Taylor. 
20 — 21, 25 — 27, Thomas Capner. 

22, Levi Knowles. 
22, 27, Garret D. Wall. 
23—28, 30—32, Enoch Clifford. 
23 — 24, David Johnston. 
24 — 26, Asa C. Dunham. 
24, 28—31, Alexander Wurts. 
25—26, 30. 33, John Barton. 
28 — 29, Stacy G. Potts. 

29, Gabriel lloff. 
30—33, Edward S. Mcllvaine. 
30—32, 34— .35, William Marshall. 
31—32, Cornelius Ludlow. 
33—34. William H. Slosn. 
33 — 34, Sutphin Garrison. 

33, Andrew Weart. 
33—34, John W. nine. 

34. William McKee. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



181 





1776 


to 1844 


35—36, 


Joseph Brown. 


38, 


35—37, 


John Hall. 


39—40, 


35—36, 


Wilson Bray. 


39^0, 


35—36, 


John Blane. 


41, 


3(5. 


Andrew Larason. 


41—42, 


37, 


James A. Phillips. 


41--42, 


37—38, 


David Neighbour. 


41^2, 


37, 43—44, Jonathan Pickel. 


43—44. 


37, 


John II. flnJman. 


43^4, 


38-^0, 


Philip Hiler. 


43-^4, 



James Sny.ler. 
George Servis. 
Joseph Exton. 
Jonathan Dawes. 
Leonard II. Flomerfelt. 
John B. Mattison. 
Isaac R. Srope. 
John Swackhamer. 
John H. Case. 
Joseph Johnson. 



Mercer County. 



1838 — 39, Josiah S. Worth. 

38, Robert C. Hutchinson. 
39 — 40, William Rosco. 

40, James Wilson. 

41, Isaac Baker. 

41, Isaac W. I.anning. 



41—42, John B. Mount. 

42, Isaac Batten. 

42, Henry W. Green. 
43 — 44, Israel J. Woodward. 
43 — 44, Richard J. Bond. 
43 — 44, John Lowry. 



Middlesex County. 



1776, 8 


2—88. 91, 99, 1802, 
John Combs. 


06—10, 


1776, 


Daniel Moores. 


06-07, 


76—78, 


94—95. 99. 


08—10, 




Benjamin Manning. 


11, 


"7, 79, 


Matthias Baker. 


11. 


17, 


Jacob Vandike. 


11. 17, 


78, 80, 


Jacob Schenck. 


14—15, 


78, 


Ebenezer Ford. 


14. 


79, 


John Neilson. 


16. 


79, 


Thomson Stelle. 


16—18, 


80-82, 


Jacob Su.vdam. 


17—18, 


80, 88, 


Melancthon Freeman. 


19, 25, 


81, 


Jacob Martin. 


19, 21- 


81—82, 


Jolin Conger. 


19—22, 


83—85, 


88. James Schuurman. 


20—26, 


83, 


Samuel Fitz-Randolph. 




84, 


Moses Bloom field. 


23—24, 


85—86, 


87, 89, James Eonney. 


23—24, 


86—87, 


James Douglass. 


27—28, 


89, 


John Beatty. 


28. 


89—90, 


92—93, 96, 98, 


29. 




Thomas McDowell. 


29. 


90—95, 


Peter Vredenbergh. 


29. 


90—92, 


John Run.van. 


30—31. 


93, 


John Rattoone. 


30—31. 


94—98, 


James Morpau. 


31—32, 


96. 


Joseph F. Randolph. 


32, 


97-1804, Gershom Dunn. 


32, 


97, 


Andrew Kirkpatrick. 


32, 34, 


1800, 14—15, William Edgar. 


33, 


1800—01. John Noilson. 


33, 


01—06, 


12—13, 20. 


33. 36. 




?:rkuries Beatty. 


33— .34. 


0.3—10. 


12 — 13, James Voorhees. 


34—35. 


05—06. 


Andrew Eltton. 


34-35. 



12—13. 15—16, 18, 27, 
James Parker. 
Alexander Dunn. 
George Boice. 
John Brewster. 
John L. Anderson. 
26, James T. Dunn. 
John N. Simpson. 
Alexander Dunn. 
Hezekiah Smith. 
Allison Ely. 
Frazee Ayres. 
27 — 28, Charles Carson. 
-22, Samuel Edgar. 
25 — 26, James Cook. 
30—31, 

John T. McDowell. 
James F. Randolph. 
David Schenck. 
Andrew Snowhill. 
Nicholas Booraem. 
Littleton Kirkpatrick. 
Abraham Cruser. 
Josiah B. Howell. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Charles G. McChesney 
David W. Vail. 
John H. Dlsborough. 
Simeon ..lundy. 
Henry Vandyke. 
John M. Tufts. 
Abraham W. Brown. 
Samuel C. Johnes. 
37, Richard S. Field 
Ralph M. Crowell. 
Ellas Runyon 



182 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



1770 to 1844. 



3&— 38, 
35, 
36. 

86, 
37—38, 
37—39, 

38, 40, 
39, 

39, 41, 



George P. Malleson. 
George T. McDowell. 
Thompson Edgar. 
William C. Alexauder. 
David B. Apiileget. 
Lewis GoKling. 
Adam Lee. 
Frederick Richmond. 
David Dunn. 
Cornelius C. Cruser. 



40 — 41, John Acken. 

40, Israel R. Coriell. 

40, Dean Britton. 

41, Frazee A.vres. 

41, Aaron Gulick. 
42—44, John D. Field. 

42, Warren Brown. 

42 — 44, William Patterson. 

42 — 44, William L. Schenck. 

43—44, Joel B. Laing. 



Monmouth' County. 



1776. 81—82, 92. 20. 

John Covenhoven. 20. 

76, Joseph Holmes, Jr. 21—24, 

76—79, James Mott, Jr. 21—22, 

77—78, 86, Peter Schenck. 21—27, 

77—79, Ilendrick Smock. 22, 

79—81, Thomas Seabrook. 23, 

80, Nathaniel Scudder. 24—26, 

80 — 84, Thomas Henderson. 24 — 30, 

82 — 85, Daniel Ilendrickson. 27, 

83, Peter Covenhoven. 28—30, 

84—86, 94—95, Ellsha Walton. 28, 

85—1801, Joseph Stillwell. 29—30, 

87—93, Thomas Little. 29—30, 

87 — 89, James Rogers. 31, 33, 

90—91, John Imlay. 31—36, 

93—96. James H. Imlar. 31, 33- 

96, William WicUoff. 31, 33- 

97, 1808, Robert Montgomery. 32, 
97—1800, William Llnyd. 32, 

98, 1800, 08, David Gordon. 32, 
99, Edward Ta.vlor. 34—36, 

1801—07. James Cox. 36. 

01—04, 10—11. Peter Knott. 37, 

01—07, John A. Scudder. 37, 

04—07. 09. Henry Tiebout. 37, 

08, 12—13. Tylee Williams. 37, 

09, Silas Crane. 38—39, 
09—10. 13—14. Jolin S. Holmes. 38—39, 

10—11. 1.3—14. 10—20. 38—39, 

Thomas Cox. 38—39, 

11, 13 — 14. James Anderson. 40. 

12-13. John Stillwell. 40, 

12—1.3, 23, 25—28. James Lloyd. 40. 

15 — 16. George Holcombe. 40. 
15—18. 20. Matthias Van Barkle.41— 44. 

1.5—18. Reuben Slireve. 41—44. 

17—19. 21. Charles Parker. 41 — 44. 

18—19, William Ten Eycke. 41—44, 

19, Jacob Butcher. 41 — 44, 



Samuel F. Allen. 
Isaac Ilance. 
William I. Conover. 
Corlis Lloyd. 
John T. Woodhull. 
John J. Ely. 
Cornelius Walling. 
Joseph Conover. 
James West. 
James Hopi)ing. 
Daniel H. Ellis. 
Leonard Walling. 
Augustus W. Bennett. 
Ivins (W.) Davis. 
Benjamin Woodward. 
Annauiah Gifford. 
-35. Daniel B. Ryall. 
-36, Thomas G. Height. 
James S. Lawrence. 
Nicholas Van Wickle. 
Elisha Llppincott. 
William Burtis. 
Arthur V. Conover. 
Samuel Mains. 
Edmund T. Williams. 
Thomas Miller. 
James Guliok. 
James Craig. 
Thomas E. Combs. 
William P. Forman. 
Garret Hlers. 
John Meirs. 
Henry W. Wolcott. 
James Grover. 
Charles Morris. 
Thomas C. Throckmorton 
John R. Conover. 
Joseph Brinley. 
Benjamin L. Irons. 
Samuel R. Oliphant 



MEMBERS OP ASSEMBLY. 



183 



1776 to 1844. 
niorris County. 



1776 — 78, Jacob Drake. 
76—77, 79, 81—90, Ellis Cook. 
76—77, William Woodhull. 
78 — 79, Abraham Kitchel. 
78, 95, David Thomson. 

79, Alexander Carmlchael. 

80, William Winds. 
80, John Carle. 

80, Eleazer T.indsly. 
81—82, 84, 86—90, 93—94, 97, 
1801—04, 09. 

Aaron Kitchel. 
81—83. 85—88, 91, 95, 
John Starke. 
83, Jonathan Dickerson. 
84—85, 89—90. Jacob Arnold. 
91—94, 96—98, 1800. Silas Condit. 
91—92, Hiram Smith. 

92, John Wnrts. 
93—94, 96—97, 1800, 
David Welsh. 

95, John Debow. 

96, John Cobb. 
98—99, 1801—04, 

William Corwln. 
98 — 1800, Cornelius V'oorhees. 

99, William Campfleld. 
1802—04, Jonathan Ogden. 
04 — 06, Jesse Upson. 
05 — 09. Lewis Condlct. 
05 — 06, George Tucker. 
06 — 08, Nicholas Neighbour. 
07 — 13, Stephen Dod. 
10 — 14, Jephthah B. Mnnn. 
10, 13—15. Nicholas Mandevllle. 
11 — 13, Mahlon Dickerson. 
13, 31, Leonard Neighbor. 
14 — 22, David Thompson. Jr. 
15—16, 19, Benjamin Condit. 
15—16, Ezeklel Ivitchell. 
16—18, Samuel ITalliday. 
17 — 18, John S. Darcv. 
17, 21—22, 24, 

Benjamin McCurry (Mc- 

Courry). 
18—19, 21—24, 32. 

William Brittin. 
19—20, Silas Cook. 



20—21, 

20, 
22—23, 
23—26, 

24, 
25—26, 
25—27, 
26, 35, 

27 

27! 

27, 
28—30, 
28—30, 
28—30, 

31, 
31, 33- 
31, 35, 

32, 

32. 

32, 
33—34, 
33—35, 
33—34, 

35, 



36, 

36, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
39—40, 
39—40, 

39. 
39—40, 
40—41, 

41, 
41—42. 

41. 

42. 

42, 
42—44, 
43—44, 
4.3—44, 
43—44, 



23, 2»— 30. 
William Monro. 
Benjamin Smith. 
25, Ebenezer F. Smith 
George K. Drake. 
John Scott. 
Joseph Dickerson. 
Ephralm Marsh. 
John D. Jackson. 
David Mills. 
Stephen Thompson. 
Walter Kirkpatrick. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Charles Ilillard. 
John Hancock. 
Elijah Ward. 
-34, Thomas Mulr. 
James Cook. 
Samuel Beach. 
Jacob W. Miller. 
Joseph Smitli. 
Joseph Dickerson, Jr. 
Henry Hllllard. 
Silas Llndsley. 
Isaac Qulniby. 
John A. Bleeker. 
William Dellicker. 
Alexander Dickerson. 
William Logan. 
Lewis Condict. 
Silas Tuttle. 
Robert C. Stephens. 
Ezeklel B. Gaines. 
Abraham Brlttln. 
Ebenezer F. Smith. 
Jacob Welse. 
Paul B. De Bow. 
James W. Drake. 
Samuel B. Halsey. 
William Stepliens. 
Thomas C. Wlllla. 
Samuel C. Halsey. 
David T. Cooper. 
James Clark. 
John M. Losey. 
Samuel Wlllet. 
George Vail. 



»n.ssnic County. 



1837. Aaron R. Pennington. 
37—38. Henry M. Brown. 
38— .39. Ellsha Clarke. 
39 — 40. John F. Ryerson. 

40, James Speer. 

41, George M. Ryerson. 



41, Samuel A. Van Saun. 

42, Martin I. Ryprson. 

42. Adrian R. Van Houten. 
43 — 44. William S. Hogencamp. 
43 — 44, Thaddeus Board. 



184 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1770 to 1844. 
Salem County. 



1776, 86, 89, Edmund Wetberby. 

76, Samuel Dick. 

76, Elisha Basset, Jr. 
77, 87—89, Benjamin Holme. 
77—79, Whitten Cripps. 

77, 82, 84—85, 87—88, 

Thomas Sinnickson. 

78, 80, Allen Congletou, Jr. 
78 — 80, John Mayhew. 

79, 82, 84—85, Anthony Sharp. 
SO, 84, William Smith. 

81, 83, 86, Ephraim Lloyd. 
81—82, 84—85, 87—80, 
Edward Hall. 

81, James James. 

83, Thomas Norris. 
86, 90 — 91, Samuel Sharp. 

90. John Smith. 

90, Benjamin Cripps. 

91, 93, Bateman Lloyd. 

91 — 95, 98, John Sinnickson. 
92 — 95, 1800, Elea/er Mayhew. 

92, 94, Thomas Clement. 
95—97, William Wallice. 

96, William Parret. 

96, Gervas Hall. 

97, Clement Hall. 

97, 99, 1801, Artis Seagrave. 

98, 1800, Anthony Keasby. 
98 — 99, Joseph Sliinn. 

99 — 1800, Isaac Moss. 

1801 — 04, Edward Burroughs. 

01 — 04, Merryman Smith. 

02 — 04, Samuel Ray. 

04 — 14, Jeremiah Dubois. 

05 — 06, Charles Jones. 

05 — 06, Hedge Thompson. 

06 — 08, Daniel Garrison. 

06, Daniel Tracy. 
07 — 08, Nathan Bassett. 
09—10, 17, Philip Curriden. 
09, 11, John Smith. 

10, Samuel Miller. 

11, Anthony Nelson. 
12—13, Robert H. Van dieter. 
12 — 15, 19, James Newell. 

13 — 14, John Dickinson. 
13, 26 — 27, Henry Freas. 
15—16, Joseph Kille. 

15, 19 — 20, 22, Morris Hancock. 
16—18, Stacy Lloyd. 

16, 18, John Mayhew. 

17, Peter Bilderback. 

18, Thomas Yarrow. 



19, 

20, 30, 
20—21, 

21, 23, 
21, 23, 

22, 
22 

ii! 

24—26, 

24—25, 
24, 
26, 

27, 29, 
27, 
28, 
28, 
28, 
29, 

29, 31, 
30, 
30, 
31, 
31. 



32, 34, 
33, 
33, 
33, 
34, 
34, 

35—36, 
35, 
35, 



37, 

37, 42, 

38, 

38—39. 

38—39, 

39. 

40, 

40, 

40, 

41, 

41. 

41, 

42, 

42, 

43^4, 

43—44, 

43—44, 



Thomas Murphy. 
Zaccheus Ray. 
John G. Mason. 
25, Robert G. Johnson. 
Abraham Swing. 
Jonathan Ricuman. 
John Sinnickson. 
Aaron O. Dayton. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Israel R. Clawson. 
Samuel Clement. 
Benjamin Archer. 
William N. Jeffers. 
Thomas Sinnickson. 
Edward Smith. 
Jeremiah Foster. 
William J. Shinn. 
Jacob Wick. 
David Hurley. 
Joseph C. Nelson. 
John Summorill. 
James Butcher. 
Isaac Johnson. 
Anthony Nelson. 
James W. i>Iulford. 
37, Isaac Johnson, 2d. 
Nehemiah Garrison. 
Richard P. Thompson. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
Samuel Humphreys. 
Joseph Llppencott. 
Hudson A. Springer. 
Thomas J. Yorke. 
William Cook. 
Woodnut Petit. 
H. J. Fries. 
John Hall. 
John W. Maskell. 
Joseph Hancock. 
John Sumerille, Jr. 
Moses Richnian, Jr. 
David Hurley. 
John Dickinson. 
Samuel Bolton. 
Alexander G. Cattell. 
John G. Ballinger. 
William H. Nelson. 
Thomas Flnnagan. 
Nathaniel Robbins, Sr. 
Thomas Dickinson, Jr. 
Samuel Capner. 
Allen Wallace. 
Thomas Bilderback. 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



185 



re to 1844. 



Somerset County. 



1776, Jacob Bogart. 

7G, Alexander MacEowen. 
70, Keoloff Vandike. 
77—78, William-Cburcbill HouB- 
ton. 
77, Alexander Kirkpatrick. 
77—79, Reoloff Sebrlng. 
78, 80—81, 84, 

David Kirkpatrick. 
79 — 88, 94, Edward Bunn. 

79, Henry Vandike. 
80, 84, Cbristopber Hoagland. 
81 — 82, John Scbuurman. 

82, Delck Longstreet. 

83, Cornelius Ten-Broeck. 

83, 89, John Witlierspoon. 

84, 1800—04, 

Frederick Frelinghuysen. 
85—89, 92, 

Robert Blaire (Blair). 
85—87, David Kelley. 

88, John Ilardenbergb. 
89, 1812—13, 

Jacob R. Hardenburgb. 
90—91, 93, 95, Robert Stockton. 
90—91, 94—96, 1811—13, 

Peter D. V'room. 
90—91, James Linn. 

92, William Wallace. 
92—99, 1811. Henry Soutbard. 

93, Jonathan Ford Morris. 
96—1810, 12—14, 

James Van Duyn. 

97, Jobn Stryker. 

98. David Kelly. 
99—1806, 11, 

William McEowen. 



1804, 10— 19. 22—23, 

James Stryker. 

04, Jobn Annin. 
05 — 10, Peter 1. Stryker. 

07, Samuel Swan. 
08 — 10. Jobn N. Simpson. 
13 — 15. Samuel Bayard. 
13 — 19, Joseph Annin. 

15, Andrew Howell. 

16, Cornelius Van Horn. 
17—19, Martin Scbenck. 
20—21, 23—25. Dickinson Miller 
20—25, 30—31, Jacob Kline. 
20—21, John H. Disborougb. 

22, Henry Vanderveer. 
24 — 27, James S. Green. 
26 — 27, James D. Stryker. 
26—27, 29, Peter D. Vroom, Jr. 
28 — 29, James S. Nevius. 

28, William C. Annin. 

28, John H. Voorhees. 
29—31, Ferdinand S. Scbenck. 
30—31. 35, William Cruser. 
32 — 34, Jobn Brees. 
32—34, William D. Stewart. 
32 — 34, Cornelius L. Hardenburg. 
35—36, Nicholas C. Jobs. 

35, William D. Mclvissack. 
36—38, David T. Talmage. 
36—38, Henry Duryee. 
37—38, Ralph Voorhees. 
39-^1. Henry H. Wilson. 
39 — 41, Daniel Cory. 
39 — 41, Arthur V. P. Sutpbln. 
42 — 44, Samuel Reynolds. 
42 — 44, Peter Voorhees. 
42—44, Peter Kline. 



Sussex County. 



1776 — 78, Casper Shaffer. 

76, Abia Brown. 

76 — 77, Thomas Peterson. 

77, John MacMurtie. 

78, Jacob MacCollum. 

78, Benjamin MacCullough, 

79, Mark Thompson. 
79, 81, Peter Hopkins. 

79, Anthony Broderick. 

80. Edmund Martin. 
80, Hugh Hughes. 

80, Samuel Kennedy. 

81, Joshua Swayze. 

81 — 84, Isaac Van-Campeo. 



82, Isaac Martin. 

82 — 92, Aaron llankinson. 

83, William Maxwell. 
84—89, Charles Beardslee. 

85 — 88, Christopher Longstreet. 
89—90, John Rutherford. 

90, Robert Ogden. 
91—92, William Helmes (Helms). 
91 — 92, Bidleman Voluntine (Val- 
entine). 
93—96, 99, William McCullough. 
93—94, Martin Ryerson. 
93—97, Peter Sharp. 

95, George Armstrong 



186 



MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY. 



1776 to 1844. 



96—97, Peter Smith. 

97, Thomas Armstrong. 
97—98, John Gustln. 

98 — 1800, Joseph Gaston. 
98—1806, Levi nowell. 

98, William Runkle. 
99—1802. Silas Dickerson. 
1800, 04—06, 10—12, 

Joseph Sharp. 
01 — 04, John Linn. 
01—04, Abraham Shaver. 
03 — 04, John Johnson. 
04—06, 08—11, 

William Kennedy. 
05 — 06, William Armstrong. 
06 — OS, Henry Ilankinson. 

06, John Coursen. 
06 — 07, Daniel Ilarker. 

06, William A. Ryerson. 
07 — 09, Aaron Kerr. 
07 — 09, John Cox. 
09—11, Richard Edsall. 

10, George Bidleman. 

11, Garret Vlelt. 
12—15, Simon Cortrigfat. 
12 — 15, James Davison. 

12 — 15, Robert W. Rutherford. 
13 — 15, Joseph Sharp. 
16 — 17, Abraham Bidleman. 
16—19, Robert C. Thomson. 

16, William Darrah. 

16, Peter Decker. 
17 — 19, George Beardslee. 
17 — 19, Jeremy Mackey. 
18—19, 22—23, 

Thomas Teasdale, Jr. 

20, Jacob Hornbeck. 



20, Abraham Shaver. 

20, Peter Kline. 
20, 23, Joseph Coryell. 

21 — 22, LeCfert llaughawoui. 
21—22, 32—34, 

Benjamin Hamilton. 

21, Jacob Ayres. 

21 — 22, 24, James Egbert. 

23, Abraham Newman. 
23, 25 — 27, Joseph Chandler. 

24, Daniel Swayze. 
24, Evi A. Sayer. 

24, Joseph Edsall. 

25, Nathan A. Shafer. 
26 — 27, Hiram Munson. 
2S— 31, Peter Merkel. 

28 — 29, James Evans. 
30 — 31, Simeon McCoy. 
30—31, John Hull. 
32 — 34, Joseph Greer. 
32—33, Peter Young. 
34 — 35, Joshua Shay. 
35 — 36, John Strader. 
35 — 36, Joseph Linn. 

36, Benjamin Hull. 
37—38, William J. Willson. 
37 — 38. Isaac Shiner. 
37—38, John Hull. 
39 — 40, Samuel Truex. 
39-^0, William H. Nyce. 
39 — iO, Joseph Greer. 
41 — 42, Isaac Bonnell. 
41 — 42, David Ilynard. 
41 — 42, Nathan Smith. 
43 — 44, Jesse Bell. 
43 — 44, Absalom Dunning. 
43^4, Timothy H. Cok. 



Warren County. 



1825, 

25, 

26, 

26—27, 

27—28, 

28—29, 

29, 

30, 

30—32, 

30—31, 
31, 33, 
32—33, 
32—33, 



James Egbert. 
Daniel Swayze. 
Archibald Robertson. 
Jacob Armstrong. 
Jonathan Robbins. 
Daniel Vlelt. 
Jacob Summers. 
Samuel Wilson. 
35—36, 

Caleb H. Valentine. 
Richard Shackelton. 
Charles Sitgreaves. 
John Blair. 
Isaac Shlpman. 



34, 
34—37, 

34, 
35—36, 
37—38, 
37—38, 
38—39, 
39—41, 
39—41, 
40—42, 
42 — 44, 
42 — 44, 
43—44, 



Jacob Brotzman. 
George Flummerfelt. 
Henry Ilankinson. 
John Young. 
William Larrison. 
Henry Van Nest. 
Samuel Shoemaker. 
George W. Smyth. 
John Moore. 
Jacob II. Winter. 
Stephen Warne. 
Abraham Wlldrlck. 
Robert C. Caskey. 



STATE SENATORS. 



187 



STATE SENATORS. 



BY COUNTIES, FROai 1845 TO 1921. 

(Note. — Years indicate those of Legislative Sessions during wliicb 
Senators served or are to serve.) 



Atlantic County. 



45—47, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 



45—47, 

48-^9, 
50—51, 
52—53, 
54:— 56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65. 



Joel Adams. 
Lewis M. Walker. 
Joseph E. Potts. 
David B. Somers. 
Enoch Cordery. 
Thomas E. Morris. 
Samuel Stllle. 
David S. Blackman. 
Jesse Adams. 
William Moore. 



75—77, Hosea F. Madden. 
78—92, John J. Gardner. 
93—98, Samuel D. HoCfraan. 
99—1901, Lewis Evans. 
02—07, Edward S. Lee. 
08—10. Edward A. Wilson. 
11—16, Walter E. Edge. 
17, 18, Emerson L. Richards. 

19, Vacancy. 
20—22, Charles D. White. 



Bergen County. 



69—71, 
72—74, 



Richard R. PauUson. 
Isaac I. Harding. 
John Van Brunt. 
Abraham Hopper. 
Daniel D. Depew. 
Thomas H. Herring. 
Ralph S. Demarest. 
Daniel Holsman. 
John Y. Dater. 
James J. Brlnkerhoff. 
Cornelias Lydecker. 



75 — 77, George Dayton. 
78—80, Cornelius S. Cooper. 
81—83, Isaac Wortendyke. 
84—85, Ezra Miller. 
86—89, John W. Bogert. 
90 — 95, Henry D. Wlnton. 
96 — 1900, William M. Johnson. 
01—10, Edmund W. Wakelee. 
11 — 13, Jas. A. C. Johnson. 
14—16, Charles O'C. Hennessy. 
17 — 22, William B. Mackay, Jr. 



Burlington County. 



45—46, 
47^9, 
50—52, 
53—58, 
59—61, 
62, 
63—64, 
65—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—79, 
80—82. 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—72, 
73—81, 
82—84. 



James S. Hulme. 
Thomas II. Richards. 
Joseph Satterthwalte. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Joseph W. Pharo. 
William Garwood. 
Geo. M. Wright. 
Job n. Gaskell. 
Henry J. Irlck. 
Barton F. Thorn. 
Caleb G. Rldgway. 
Wm. Budd Deacon. 



83—85, Hezeklah B. Smith. 
86—91, William H. Carter. 
92—94, Mitchell B. Perkins. 
95—97, William C. Parry. 
98—1900, Howard E. Packer. 
01 — 03, Nathan Haines. 
04—06, John G. Horner. 
07 — 09, Samuel K. Robblns. 
10—12, Griffith W. Lewis. 
13—15, Blauchard H. White. 
16—19, Harold B. Wells. 
20—21, Blanchard H. White. 



Richard W. Howell. 
Joseph C. Stafford. 
John Gill. 

Thomas W. Mulford. 
John K. Roberts. 
William P. Tatem. 
James M. Scovel. 
Edward Bettle. 
William J. Sewell. 
Albert Merrltt. 



Camden County. 

85 — 87, Richard N. Herring. 
88 — 90, George Pfeiffer, Jr. 
91 — 96, Maurice A. Rogers. 
97 — 1902, Herbert W. Johnson. 

03—11, William J. Bradley. 
12—16, William T. Read. 

17, John B. Kates. 
18 — 20, Joshua C. Haines. 
21 — 23, Joseph E. Wallworth. 



188 



STATE SENATORS. 



Cape May County. 



45 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62-04. 
65—67, 
6»— 70, 
71—73, 
74—76. 
77—79, 



Reuben Wlllets. 
James L. Smith. 
Enoch Edmunds. 
Joshua Swain, Jr. 
Jesse II. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds. 
Jonathan F. Learning. 
Wilmou W. Ware. 
Learning M. HIce. 
Thomas Beesley. 
Richard S learning. 
Jonathan F. Learning. 



80—85, Waters B. Miller. 

86 — 88, Joseph H. Ilanes. 

89—91, Walter S. Learning 

92-04, Lemuel E. Miller 

95 — 97, Edmund L. Ross. 
98—1903, Robert E. Hand. 

04 — 06, Lewis M. Cresse. 

07 — 12, Robert E. Hand. 

13—15. Harry C. Wheaton. 

16—18, Lewis T. Stevens. 

19—21, William H. Bright. 



Cumberland County. 



45—46, 
47—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—02, 
63—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 



Enoch H. More. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Reuben Flthlan. 
Lewis HowgII. 
John L. Sharp. 
Nat. Stratton. 
Providence Ludlam. 
James 11. Nixon. 
C. Henry Shepherd. 
J. Howard Wlllets. 



78—80, George S. Whltlcar. 
81—86. Isaac T. Nichols. 
87—89, Philip P. Baker. 
90—92, Seaman R. Fowler. 
93—1901. Edward C. Stokes. 
02—10. P.lrvomfleld II. Minch. 
11—13. Isaac T. Nichols. 
14—16, John A. Ackley. 
17 — 19, J. Hampton Fithian. 
20 — 22, Firman M. Reeves. 



Essex County. 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 
76—78, 
79—81. 
82—84, 



Joseph S. Dodd. 
Stephen R. Grover. 
Asa Whitehead. 
Stephen Cougar. 
George R. Chetwood. 
Charles L. C. Glfford. 
James M. Qulnby. 
John G. Trusdell. 
James L. Hays. 
John W. Taylor. 
William TL Kirk. 
William IT. Francis. 
William Stainsby. 



85—87, Frederick S. Fish. 

88 — 90, A. F. R. Martin. 

91—93, Michael T. Harrett. 

94 — 99, George W. Ketcham. 
1900—02, Thos. N. McCarter, Jr. 

03 — 05, J. Henry Bacheller. 

0(5 — 08, Everett Colby. 

09 — 11, Harry V. Osborne. 

12 — 16, Austen Colgate. 

17. Edmund B. Osborne. 

IS— 20, Charles C. Pilgrim. 

21—23, William H. Parry. 



Gloucester County. 



45—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 
76—78. 
79—81. 



John C. Smallwood. 
Charles Reeves. 
John P.urk. 
Joseph Franklin. 
Jeptha Abbott. 
John Plerson. 
Joseph L. Reeves. 
Woodward Wnrrlck. 
Samuel Hopkins. 
Thomas P. Mathers. 
John F. Bodlne. 



82 — 83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
84 — 87, Stacy L. Pancoast. 
88 — 90, Joseph B. Roe. 
91 — 93, George H. Barker. 
94 — 96. Daniel J. Packer. 
97—1902. Solomon H. Stanger. 
03 — 05, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
06 — 08, John Boyd Avis. 
09—17, George W. F. Gaunt. 
18 — 23, Edward L. Sturgess. 



STATE SENATORS. 



189 



Hadson County. 



45—47, 
48-49, 
50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—61, 
62—65, 
66—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 
81—83, 



45 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—07, 
68—70. 
71—73, 
74—76. 
77—79, 



45—50, 
51—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 



Richard Cutwater. 
John Tonnele. 
John Cassedy. 
Abraham O. Zabrlskle. 
MoseB B. Bramhall. 
C. V. Cllckener. 
Samuel Westcott. 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Charles H. VVinfleld, 
Noah D. Taylor. 
John R. McPherson. 
Leon Abbett. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 
Elijah T. Taxon. 



84—86, William Brinkerhoff. 
87—89, William D. Edwards. 
90—91, "Edward F. McDonald. 

92, Robert S. Hudspeth. 
92—98. William D. Daly. 
99—1900. Allan L. McDermott. 
01 — 04. Robert S. Hudsepth. 
05 — 07, James F. Mlnturn. 
08—13, •♦James F. Fielder. 
14 — 16, Charles M. Egan. 
17 — 18, Cornelius A. McGlennon. 

19. Edward I. Edwards. 
20 — 22, Alexander Simpson. 



Hunterdon County. 



Alexander Wurts. 
Isaac G. Farlee. 
John Manners. 
Alexander V. Bonnell. 
John C. RaCferty. 
Edmund Perry. 
John Blane. 
Alexander Wurts. 
Joseph 0. Bowne. 
David H. Banghart. 
Fred A. Potts. 
James N. Pldcock. 



80 — 82, Ell Bosenbury. 

83 — 85, John Carpenter, Jr. 

86 — 88. George H. Large. 

89—91, Mobes K. E/erltt. 

92_94, William II. Martin. 

95—97. Richard S. Kuhl. 
98—1900. John R. Foster. 

01—03, William C. Gebhardt. 

04 — 06, George F. Martens, Jr. 

07—12, William C. Gebhardt. 

13—21, George F. Martens, Jr. 



Mercer County. 



69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 



45-^6, 
47—49, 
50—52. 
53—55, 
5&— 58. 
59—61. 
62—70, 
71—70, 
77—79, 
80—82, 
83—85, 



Charles S. Olden. 
William C. Alexander. 
Robert C. riutcUlnson. 
Jonathan Cook. 
Edward W. Scudder. 
Aug. G. Rlchey. 
John Woolverton. 
Charles Hewitt. 
Jonathan II. Blackwell. 
Crowell Marsh. 



81 — 83, John Taylor. 

84 — 86, George O. Vanderbllt. 

87—92. John D. Rue. 

93—98, William H. Sklrm. 

99—1904, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

05 — 07, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

08 — 13. Harry D. Leavitt. 

14 — 16, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

17 — 19, James Hammond. 

20—22, S. Roy Heath. 



Middlesex County. 



David Crowell. 
Adam Lee. 
Edward Y. Rogers. 
Raliih C. Stults. 
Henry V. Speer. 
Abra. Everltt. 
Amos Robbins. 
Levi D. Jarrard. 
George C. Ludlow. 
Isaac L. Martin. 
Abraham V. Schenck. 



86—88, Daniel C. Chase. 
89 — 94, Robert Adraln. 
95—97, Charles B. Herbert. 
98—1900, James H. Van Cleef. 
01 — 03, Theodore Strong. 
04 — 06, Wm. H. C. Jackson. 
07 — 12, George S. Silzer. 
13 — 15, William E. Ramsay. 
16 — 18, William E. Florance. 
10 — 21, Thomas Brown. 



*Mr. McDonald was unseated the last week of the session of 
1890, and William S. Stuhr was given his seat. The first week of 
the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated and Mr. McDonald 
resumed his seat. 

••Became Acting Governor March Ist, '13; resigned October 
28th. 



190 



STATE SENATORS. 



Monmouth County. 



45, 
46-^8, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—71, 

72, 
73—78, 
79—81, 



45-^7, 
48—50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—65, 
66—70, 
71, 
72—74, 
7^—77. 
78—80, 



Thomas E. Combs. 
George F. Fort. 
John A. Morford. 
William D. Davis. 
Robert S. Laird. 
Wm. H. Hendrlckson. 
Anthony Keckless. 
Henry S. Little. 
Wm. IL Conover, Jr. 
Wm. IL Hendrlckson. 
George C. Beekman. 



82—84, John S. Applegate. 
85—87, Thomas G. Chattle. 
88 — 90, Henry M. Nevlus. 
91 — 92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 

93, Henry S. Terhune. 
94—96, James A. Bradley. 
97—1902, Charles Asa Francis 
03—11, Oliver H. Brown. 
12 — 14, John W. Slocum. 
1.5 — 19, Henry E. Ackerson, Jr. 
20 — 23, Williain A. Stevens. 



John B. Johnes. 
Ephralm Marsh. 
John A. Bleecker. 
Alexander Robertson. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
Daniel Budd. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
George T. Cobb. 
Columbus Beach. 
Augustus W. Cutler. 
John Hill. 
Augustus C. Canfleld. 

Ocean County. 



Morris County. 

81 — 86, James C. Youngblood. 
87—92, George T. Werts. 
93—95, Ellas C. Drake. 
96—98, John B. Vreeland. 
99—1901, Mahlon Pitney. 
02 — 04, Jacob W. Welsh. 
05 — 09, Thomas J. Illllery. 

10, Edward K. Mills. 
11 — 1:>, Richard Fitzherbert. 
14— IG, Charles A. Rathbuu. 
17 — 18, Harry W. Mutchler. 
19 — 22, Arthur Whitney. 



51—53, 
54—56. 
57—62, 
63—68, 
69—71, 
72—74, 
75—77, 
78—80, 
81—83, 
84—92, 

4.5 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—67, 
68—70, 
71—73, 
74—76, 
77—82. 
83—88, 

45, 

46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 



Samuel Birdsall. 
Jas. Cowperthwaite. 
William F. Brown. 
George D. Horner. 
John Torrey, Jr. 
John G. W. Havens. 
John S. Schultze. 
Ephralm P. Emson. 
Abram C. B. Havens. 
George T. Cranmer. 



93—95, George G. Smith. 
96—98, Robert B. Engle. 
99 — 1901, George G. Smitli. 
02 — 07, George L. Shlnn. 
08—09, William J. Harrison. 

10, Thomas A. Mathis. 
11 — 13, George C. Low. 
14 — 16, Thomas A. Mathis. 
17 — 19, David G. Conrad. 
20 — 22, Harry T. Hagaman. 



Passaic County. 

Cornelius G. Garrison. 89—91, John Mallon 



Martin J. Ryerson. 
Silas D. Canfleld. 
Thomas D. Hoxsey. 
Jetur R. Rlggs. 
Benjamin Buckley. 
John Hopper. 
Henry A. Williams 
John Hopper. 
Garret A. Hobart. 
John W. Griggs. 



92—94, John Hlnchllffe. 
95 — 97, Robert WilllamB. 
98 — 1900, Christian Braun. 
01 — 06, Wood McKee. 
07—09, John Hinchliffe. 
10 — 12, John D. Prince. 
13—15, Peter J. McGinms. 
16 — 18, Thomas F. McCran. 
19 — 21, Altin Smith. 



Salem County. 



William J. Shlnn. 
Benjamin Acton Jr. 
John Summerill, Jr. 
Allen Wallace. 
Charles P. Smith. 
Joseph K. Riley. 
Emmor Reeve. 
Richard M. Acton. 
Samuel Plummer. 
John C. Belden. 
Isaac Newklrk. 
Charles S. Plummer. 



79 — 81, Qulnton Keasbey. 

82—84, George Hires. 

85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 

88 — 90, William Newell. 

91 — 93, James Butcher. 

94 — 96, John C. Ward. 
97—1902, Richard C. Miller. 

03 — 05, James Strlmple. 

06—11, William Plummer, Jr. 

11! — 13, J. Warren Davis. 

14, Isaac S. Smick. 

15_23, Collins B. Allen. 



STATE SENATORS. 



191 



Somerset County. 



45, 

46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
5S— 60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78. 



George H. Brown. 
William 11. Leupp. 
John W. Craig. 
Moses Craig. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
James Campbell. 
Rynler H. Veghte. 
Joshua Doughty. 
John H. Anderson. 
Calvin Corle. 
FliBha K. Wood. 
Charles B. Moore. 



79—81, John G. Schenck. 
82—84, Eugene S. Doughty. 
85 — 90, Lewis A. Thompson. 
91—93, William J. Keys. 
94 — 96, Lewis A. Thompson. 
97—1902, Charles A. Reed. 
03—05, Samuel S. Childs. 
06 — 11, Jos. S. Freliughuysen. 
12—16, William W. Smalley. 

17, Vacancy. 
18—23, ***Clarence E. Case. 



Sussex County. 



45 — 46, 
47—49, 
50—52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—73, 
74—76. 
77—79, 



Benjamin Hamilton. 
Nathan Smith. 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
Zacharlah H. Price. 
Edward C. Moore. 
Peter Smith. 
Joseph S. Martin. 
Richard E. Edsall. 
Samuel T. Smith 
Francis M. Ward, 



80 — 82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83—85, Lewis Cochran. 
86—88, John A. McBride. 
89—91, Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMickle. 
95 — 97, Jacob Gould. 
98—1903. Lewis J. Martin. 
04 — 12. Jacob Cole Price. 
13—18, Samuel T. Munson. 
19—21, Henry T. Kays. 



Union County 



58—60, 
61—63, 
64—65, 
66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78, 
79—84, 



45, 
46—48. 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 
76—78. 



John R. Ayres. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
James Jenkins. 
Philip H. Grier. 
Amos Clark, Jr. 
James T. Wiley. 
J. Henry Stone. 
William J. Magle. 
Benjamin A. Vail. 



85 — 87, Robert L. Livingston. 

88 — 90, James L. Miller. 

91—93, Frederick C. Marsh. 

94 — 98, *Foster M. Voorhees. 

99 — 05, Joseph Cross. 

06 — 11, Ernest R. Ackerman. 

12 — 17, Carlton B. Pierce. 

18—23, ** William N. Runyon. 



Warren County. 



Charles J. Ihrle. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
George W. Taylor. 
Charles Sitgreaves. 
William Rea. 
Philip Mowry. 
James K. Swayze. 
Henry R. Kennedy. 
Abraham Wildrlck. 
Edward H. Bird. 
Joseph B. Cornish. 
William Sllverthorn. 



79 — 81, Peter Cramer. 

82—84, George H. Beatty. 

85 — 87, James E. Moon. 

88—90, Martin Wyckoff. 

91 — 93, Johnston Cornish. 

94_96, Christopher F. Staates. 

97 — 99, Isaac Barber. 

1900 — 1902, Johnston Cornish. 

03 — 05, Isaac Barber. 

06 — 11. Johnston Cornish. 

12 — 23, Thomas Barber. 



•Became Acting Governor February Ist, '98; resigned October 
18th. 

**Served as Acting Governor May 16th. '19. to January 13th, '20. 
***Served as Acting Governor January 1.3th, '20, to January 
20th, '20. 



192 ASSEMBLYMEN, 

ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BY COUNTIES, FROM 1S45 TO 1920. 



Atlantic County. 



45, 46, Joseph Ingersoll. 
47 — 49, Mark Lake. 
50, 51, Robert B. Rlsley. 

52, John H. Boyle. 

53, Thomas D. Winner. 

54, Daniel Townseml. 

55, Nicholas F. Smith. 

56, 57, David Fra*iibes. 

58, John B. Madden. 

59, Thomas E. Morris. 
60—62, Charles E. P. Mayhew. 

63, John Godfr'^y. 

64, Simon Ilanthorn. 

65, Simon Lake. 
66, 67, P. M. Wolfseiffer. 
68, 69, Jacob Keim. 
70, 71, BenJ. IT. Overheiser. 
72, 73, Samuel H. Cavileer. 
74, 75, Lemuel Conover. 
76, 77, Leonard H. Ashley. 

78. Israel Smith. 
79, 80, James Jeffries. 

81, George Elvins. 

82, Joseph H. Shinn. 

83, John L. Bryant. 

Bergen 

45, William G. Hopper. 
45, Jacob C. Terhune. 

46, 47, John G. Banta. 
46, 47, Jacob J. Brinkerhoff. 
48, 49, John Ackerman, Jr. 
48, 49, Henry H. Voorhis, Jr. 
50, 51, John H. Hopper. 
50—52, John Huyler. 

52, John Zabriskie. 
53, 54, Jacob I. Demarest. 
53, 54, Abraham Van Horn. 
55, 56, Ralph S. Demarest. 
55, 56, Thomas W. Demarest. 

57, 58, Daniel Holsman. 
57, 58, Aaron H. Westervelt. 

59, Andrew C. Cadmus. 
59, 60, Enoch BrlnkerhoCf. 

60, John A. Hopper. 
61, 62, Abram Carlock. 
61, 62, John R. Post. 
63, 64, Thomas D. English. 
63, 64, John Y. Dater. 
65, 66, Isaac Demarest. 



84, 85, Edward North. 

86, 87, James S. BeckwIth, 

88, James B. Nixon. 
89, 90, Shepherd S. Hudson. 

91, Smith B. Johnson. 

92, Samuel D. Hoffman. 

93, Charles A. Baake. 

94, Frederick Schuchardt. 

95, Wesley C. Smith. 

96, 97, Marcellus L. Jackson. 
98, 99, Leonard H. Ashley. 
1900, 01, Charles T. Abbott. 
02—07, Thomas C. Elvins. 
08, 09, Martin E. Kefifer. 

10, Walter E. Edge. 

11, Isaac Bacharach. 

12, 14—16, Carlton Godfrey. 

12, 13, 14, Emerson L. Richards 

13, Joseph W. Salus. 
15—17, Bertram E. Whitman. 

17, Irvins P. Parsons. 
18, 19, 20, William A. Blair. 
18, 19, Underwood Cochran. 

20, Joseph A. Corio. 

County. 

65, 66, Abraham J. Harlng. 

67, A. Van Emburg. 
67, 68, Cornelius Christie. 

69, Henry G. Herring. 

70, Eben Winton. 

71, Henry A. Hoiiper 

72, Jacob G. Van Riper. 

73, George J. Hopper. 
73, John J. Anderson. 
75, Henry C. Herring. 
75, John W. Bogert. 
77, John H. Wlnant. 

77, Barney N. Ferdon. 

78, M. Corsen Gillham. 

79, Southey S. Parramore. 
79, 80, John A. Demarest. 

80, Oliver D. Smith. 
81, 82, Elias H. Slsson. 
81—83, 86, John Van Bussum. 
S3, 84, Peter R. Wortend.vke. 

84, *Jacob W. Doremus. 

85, Peter Ackerman. 

85, 86, Eben Winton. 



78, 



•John W. Doremus was first elected, but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



193 



87, 88, Anderson Bloomer. 05, 06, 
87, Peter Ackerman. 07, 08, 

88, 89, Charles F. Harrington. 07, 08, 

89, 90, Abram De Ronde. 09, 10. 

90, 91, George Zimmermann. 09, 10. 
91, Jobn H. Huyler. 11, 

92, 93, Samuel G. H. Wright. 11, 

92, 93, John J. Dupuy. 12, 

94, Walter Dewsnap. 12, 

94, 95, David D. Zabrlskle. 12, 13, 

95, 96, Fred'k L. Voorhees. 13, 

96, 97, Jacob H. Ullman. 13, 14, 

97, 98, Abram C. Holdrum. 14, 15, 

98, 99. John M. Bell. 14, 15. 

99, 1900, Edmund W. Wakelee. 16, 
1900, Vacancy caused by death of i6, 

John L. C. Graves. 16 — 19, 

01, 02, Joseph H. Tillotson. 17, 

01, 02, James W. Mercer. 17 — 20, 

03, 04, M. S. Ayers. 18, 

03, 04, George Cook. 19, 20, 

05, 06, Clarence Mable. 20, 



John neck. 
Guy L. Fake. 
James Devine. Jr. 
Joseph II. Scharff. 
Harry P. Ward. 
G. R. Alyea. 
Wm. H. Hinners. 
William E. Ogden. 
Frank M. Stevens. 
C. OC. Hennessy. 
John W. Zisgen. 
15, Arthur M. Agnew 
Edgar A. De Yoe. 
John J. Johnson. 
James T. Ackerman. 
Herbert M. Bailey. 
Walter G. Winue. 
Roy M. Robinson. 
W. Irving Glover. 
Addison B. Burroughs. 
W. St. John Tozer. 
John Y. Dater. 



Burlingrton County. 



45, 

45, 

45, 47, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

46, 

47, 

47, 48, 

47—49, 

47—49, 

48—50, 

49—51, 

49—51, 

50, 51, 

50—52, 

51—53, 

52, 

no— 51, 

52, 53, 

53, 54, 
53, 54, 

54, 

54—56. 

55, 

55, 

55, 57, 

55, 56, 
56, 
56, 

56, 57, 

57, 58, 
58, 

57—59. 



Joseph Satt3rthwait. 
Isaiah Adams. 
48, John W. C. Evans. 
Edward Taylor. 
William Biddle. 
Clayton Lippincott. 
William Malsbury. 
Garrlt S. Cannon. 
Stephen Wlllets. 
Wm. G. Lippincott. 
William Biddle. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
John S. Irlok. 
Benjamin Kemble. 
Edward French. 
Samuel Stockton. 
William R. Braddock. 
William S. Embley. 
William Brown. 
Allen Jones. 
Benajah Antrim. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Charles Haines. 
Mahlon Hutchinson. 
Jacob L. Githens. 
Job H. Gasklll. 
William Parry. 
Josephus Sooy. Jr. 
Benjamin Gibbs. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Ellsha Gaunt. 
Richard Jones. 
William M. Collom. 
Jervis H. Bartlett. 
Samuel Keys. 
Samuel C. Mlddleton. 
Charles Mickle. 



57—59, 

58, 59, 

59, 60, 
59—61, 

60, 61, 
61, 

60—62, 
60—62, 
62, 63, 
62, 63, 
62—64. 
63—65, 
64, 
65, 

65, 06, 

66, 67, 
66. 67, 
66, 67. 
67—69. 



68—71. 

69, 
69—71, 

70, 
70, 71, 
71—73, 

72, 
72—74, 
72—74, 
73, 74, 

74. 

75. 

75. 

75. 
75—77, 

76. 



Ezra Evans. 
Charles S. Kemble. 
John Larzalere. 
Samuel A. Dobbins. 
George B. Wills. 
Joseph L. Lamb. 
Robert B. Stokes. 
William Sooy. 
John M. Hlgbee. 
Israel W. Heullngs. 
Wm. P. McMlcbael. 
Henry J. Irlck. 
Jarett Stokes. 
Samuel Stockton. 
Charles G. Lathrop. 
George W. Thompson. 
Samuel Coate. 
Andrew H. Fort. 
Wallace Lippincott. 
Chaa. E. Hendrickson. 
Charles Collins. 
John J. Maxwell. 
Theophilus I. Price. 
Thomas C. Alcott. 
Levi French. 
Abraham Perkins. 
Edward T. Thompson. 
Robert Anronson. 
E. Budd Marter. 
George B. Borton. 
Townsend Cox. 
Joseph P. Adams. 
Levi French. 
Charles J. Gordon. 
Henry Moffett. 
Samuel Taylor. 
Daniel L. Piatt. 



194 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



7&— 78, 
76—78, 
77—79, 

78, 79, 
79, 

79, 80, 
80—82, 
80—82, 

80, 81, 
81, 
82, 
83, 

83, 84, 
83—86, 
84—86, 
85, 86, 
87, 88, 
87, 88, 



John Cavlleer. 
Edward F. Mathews. 
George Sykes. 
Wm. Budd Deacon. 
"Wm. R. Lippincott. 
John W. Haines. 
William H. Carter. 
Henry C. Herr. 
Abraham Marter. 
John Cavlleer. 
Thomas M. Locke. 
Horace Cronk. 
87, Stacy H, Scott 
Theodore Budd. 
Thomas J. Alcott. 
Allen H. Gangewer. 
90, R. C. Hutchinson. 
89, William H. Doron. 
Albert Hansell. 
George C. Davis. 



90, 91, Mitchell B. Perkins. 

90, 91, I>ewiB L. Sharp. 

91, 92, A. Harry White. 

92, 93, Howard E. Packer. 

93, Micajah E. Matlack. 

94. Augustus C. Stecher. 

94, 95, MlcaJah E. Matlack. 

95, 96, 97, George Wildes. 
97, Joshua E. Borton. 
1900, Joel Horner. 

98—02, Charles Wright. 

01 — 03, John G. Horner. 

03—05, BenJ. D. Shedaker 

04—06, Samuel K. Bobbins. 

06—09, John B. Irick. 

07—09. Griffith W. Lewis. 

10, 11, Warren C. Pine. 

10, 11, 12, Blanchard H. White. 

13. 14. 15, Robert Peacock. 

16—20, Emmor Roberts. 



98. 



Camden County. 



Joseph Kay, Jr 
John Redfield. 
Joel G. Clark. 
Gerrard Wood. 
Edward Turner. 
Joseph B. Tatem. 
John C. Shreeve. 
John E. Marshall. 
Jacob Troth. 
Joseph Wolohon. 
Charles D Hineline. 
Thomas W. Hurff. 
J. Ka.\. 
Jonathan Day. 
J. O. Johnson. 
Samuel Lytle. 
John K. Roberts. 
Samuel S. Cake. 
James L. Hines. 
Rei'.cy Barret. 
Evan C. Smith. 
John P. Harker. 
T. B. Atkinson. 
Joseph M. Atkinson. 
♦Samuel Scull. 
Edmund Hoffman. 
Samuel M. Thorne. 
Zebedee Nicholson. 
Joseph Stafford, Jr. 
George Brewer. 
John R. Graham. 
James L. Hines. 
Joel P. Kirkbride. 
Daniel A. Hall. 
Edwin J. Osier. 
James M. Scovel. 
Chalkley Albertson. 



64. 
65, 
65, 
66, 
67, 
67, 
67, 
68, 
68. 



69. 


70, 


69, 


70, 




70, 




71. 




71. 


71. 


72, 




72, 


72- 


-74. 




73, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




75, 


75. 


76. 


75- 


-77, 


76, 


77, 




77, 




78, 




78. 


78, 


79. 


79, 


80, 


80, 


81. 


81. 


82. 


81, 


82. 




82, 




83. 




83. 



Samuel Tatem. 
Paul C. Brinck. 
John F. Bodine. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
George W. N. Custls. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Edward Z. Ceilings. 
John Hood. 
James Wills. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
William C. Shlnn. 
Samuel Warthman. 
Charles Wilson. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
Stevenson Leslie. 
Fred. Bourquln. 
George B. Carse. 
Isaac Foreman. 
William H. Cole. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Henry B. Wilson. 
79. 80. R. N. Herring. 
Alden C. Scovel. 
Oliver Lund. 
Samuel T. Murphy. 
Isaiah Woolston. 
Andrew J. Rider. 
Alonzo D. Nichols. 
Edward Burrough. 
Henry L. Bonsall. 
Chris. J. Mines. Jr. 
John H. McMurray. 
Robert F. S. Heath. 
George W. Borton. 
John Bamford. 



•In 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



195 



83, 


84, 




84, 


84—87. 




85, 


85, 


86, 




86, 




87, 




87, 


88, 


89, 


88. 


89, 


88, 


89, 




90, 


90, 


91, 


91. 


92, 


91, 


92, 




93, 


93, 


94, 


93, 


94, 




94, 




95, 


95, 


96, 


96, 


97, 


96, 


97, 


98, 


99, 


98, 


99, 




45, 




46, 




47, 


48, 


49, 


50, 


51, 




52, 




53, 


54, 


55. 


56—58, 


59. 


60, 




61, 


62—64, 


65- 


-67, 




68, 


71- 


-73, 




74, 




75, 


76—78, 




79, 




45, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 




46, 




47, 




47, 


47, 


48, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


49, 


50, 


50, 


51, 


50, 


51, 


51, 


52, 




52, 



Jr. 



93, Clayton Stafford. 
John W. Brannlng. 
Edward A. Armstrong. 
Benjamin M. Braker. 
Henry M. Jewett. 
George Pfeiffer, 
Philip Young. 
Henry Turley. 
Adam Clark Smith. 
90, John Harris. 
George H. Higgins. 
Franklin C. Woolman. 
92, Abram W. Nash. 
Joseph M. Engard. 
also 73, 74, Wm. H 
George W. Henry. 
95, Clayton Stafford. 
William J. Thompson. 
William Watson. 
George W. Barnard. 
97, Louis T. Derousse 
Frank T. Lloyd. 
Henry S. Scovel. 
John H. McMurray. 
Edgar J. Coles. 

Cape 
John Stltes. 
Samuel Towusend. 
Richard S. Ludlam 
Nathaniel Holmes, 
Mackey Williams. 
Joshua Swaim. 
Waters B. Miller. 
Jesse H. Diverty. 
Downs Edmunds, Jr. 
Abram Reeves. 
Jonathan F. Leaming. 
Wilmon W. Ware. 
69, 70, Thos. Beesley. 
Samuel R. Magonagle 
Richard S. Leaming 
Alexander I'oung. 
Richard D. Edmunds. 
William T. Stevens. 
Daniel Schellinger. 



Joslah Sha'v. 
George Helsler. 
Lewis Howell. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Leonard Lawrence. 
Jeremiah Parvin. 
Uriah D. Woodruff. 
Reuben Fithian. 
Richard Lore. 
John T. Nixon. 
BenJ. Ayres. 
Joel Moore. 
Samuel Mayhew. 
David Campbell. 



98—1902, William J. Bradley. 

1900, F. F. Patterson, Jr. 

00, 01, 02, Ephralm T. Gill. 

01, 02, George A. Waite. 
03, 04, John S. Roberts. 
03—06, Henry S. Scovel. 
03—09, Theodore B. Gibbs. 
05 — 07, Samuel P. Jones. 

07, 08, Frank B. Jess. 

08, 09, Joseph Potter. 

09, 10, Harry R. Tatem. 

10, 11, 12, Albert De Unger. 

10, 11, 12, George W. Whyte. 

11, 12, 13, Isaac W. Coles. 
Cole. 13 — 16, John B. Kates. 

13, James R. Carrow. 
14 — 17, Garfleld Pancoast. 

14, Henry S. Scovel. 
15 — 18, Charles A. Wolverton. 
17—19, Ralph X. Kellam. 

18, Paul N. Litchfield. 



19, 


20, 


T. Harry Rowland. 


19, 


20, 


Joseph F. Wallworth. 




20, 


J. Heulings Coles. 


y County. 


80, 


83 — 85, Jesse D. Ludlam. 


81, 


82, 


Furman L. Richardson. 


86, 


87, 


Alvin P. Hildreth. 




88, 


Walter S. Leaming. 


89, 


90, 


91, Eugene C. Cole. 


92, 


93, 


94, Edmund L. Ross. 


95, 


96, 


Furman L. Ludlam. 




97, 


Robert E. Hand. 




98, 


Eugene C. Cole. 


99, 


1900. Ellis H. Marshall. 


01—03, 


Lewis M. Cresse. 


04—06, 


12, Jas. M. E. Hildreth, 


07—09, 


17, Corsvllle E. Stille. 


10, 


11. 


Christopher S. Hand. 




13, 


William Porter 


14, 


15, 


Lewis T. Stevens. 


16, 


18. 


19, Mark Lake. 




20, 


Andrew C. Boswell. 


Id 1 


County. 




53. 


Enos S. Gandy. 




53, 


Lewis Woodruff. 




54, 


Daniel Harris. 




54, 


Morton Mills. 


55, 


56, 


James M. Wells. 


55, 


56, 


John F. Keen. 




57, 


Uriah Mayhew. 




57, 


Ellas Doughty. 




58, 


Elwell Nichols. 


58, 


59, 


Robert Moore. 




59, 


Aaron S. Westcott. 




60, 


Ebenezer Hall. 




60, 


John Carter. 


61, 


62, 


William Bacon. 



196 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



61, 


62, 


63, 


64. 


63, 


64, 


65- 


-67, 


65—68. 




68, 




69, 


69- 


-71, 


70, 


71, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 




74, 


74, 


75, 


75—77, 




76, 


77, 


78, 




78. 


79, 


80, 


79, 


80, 




81. 


81, 


82, 




82, 




83, 


83, 


84. 


84, 


85, 


85. 


86, 


86, 


87, 




45, 




45, 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46. 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 


46, 


47, 


46. 


47. 


47, 


48, 


47, 


48, 


47. 


48, 


47, 


48, 


47, 


48, 




48. 


48, 


49. 




49, 




49, 


49. 


50, 


49. 


50. 


49, 


50, 


49, 


50. 




51. 


50. 


51, 


50. 


51, 


50, 


51, 




51, 


51, 


52, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




52. 




52, 




52, 



J. Edmund Sheppard. 

B. Rush Bateman. 
Edward W. Maylin. 
Robert Moore. 
James H. Nixon. 
Thomas D. Westcott. 

C. Henry Shepherd. 
William A. House. 
Charles C. Grosscup. 
George S. Whltlcar. 
J. Howard Willets. 
George B. Langley. 
Lewis H. Dowdney. 
George W. Payne. 
Isaiah W. Rlchman. 
Isaac T. Nichols. 
James Loughron. 
Robert P. Ewing. 
Arthur T. Parsons. 
John H. Avis. 
Charles Ladow. 
Philip P. Baker. 
Isaac M. Smalley. 
John B. Campbell. 
Jeremiah H. Lupton. 
Wilson Banks. 
Franklin Lawrence. 



87, Thomas H. Hawkins. 

88, Mulford Ludlam. 

88, Isaac M. Smalley. 

89, Thomas W. Treuchard. 

89, 90. Reuben Cheesman. 

90, 93. 94. John N. (Jlaspell. 
91. James L. Van S.vckel. 

91, 92, Edward C. Stokes. 

92, 93, Wilber H. Baxter. 
94 — 96, Thomas P. Austin. 
95—97, Bloomfleld H. Minch. 

97. 98. James J. Hunt. 

98. 99. Wilson H. Shropshire. 
99—1901. Jesse S. Steelman. 
00. 01, 02, William J. Moore. 
02—06. Louis II. Miller. 

03 — 09, B. Frank Buck. 
07, 08, Frank B. Potter. 

09, 10, Isaac T. Nichols. 

10, 12, Albert R. McAllister. 
11, Walter E. Turner. 
11, E. H. Whiticar. 

13, John A. Aokley. 
14 — 17, Raymond Shei^pard. 
18, 19, Firman M. Reeves. 

20, David C. Blizzard, Jr. 



Essex County. 



Isaac Van Wagenen. 
John Runyon. 
William M. Scudder. 
Hugh F. Randolph. 
Jabez Pierson. 
Keen Pruden. 
Alvah Sherman. 
George W. McLane. 
Parker Teed. 
A. S. Hubbeel. 
Jabez G. Goble. 
Francis B. Chetwood. 
Abraham Van Riper. 
Elston Marsh. 
Hugh H. Bowne. 
Charles Harrison. 
Hugh H. Bowne. 
Lewis C. Grover. 
Joel W. Condlt. 
Obadiah Meeker. 
William F. Day. 
Stephen Personett. 
Wm. M. Whitehead. 
Isaac H. Pierson. 
Jonathan Valentine. 
David Wade. 
Cornelius Boice. 
Beach Vanderpool. 
John C. Beardsley. 
Thomas McKirgan. 
John M. Clark. 
William M. Sandford. 
Silas Merchant. 



52, 
52. 
53. 
53. 
53. 
53, 
53. 
53. 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
54, 
55, 
55, 
55. 
55. 
56, 
56, 
56, 
56. 
56, 
56. 
56. 
56. 
57. 
57. 
57, 
57. 
57, 
57, 



John Munn. 
James S. Bell. 
John B. Clark. 
Stephen Day, Jr. 
Grant J. Wheeler. 
Edward T. Hill.ver. 
Charles T. Day. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Abiathar Harrison. 
Daniel Price. 
William Dennis. 
David S. Craig. 
Daniel H. Noe. 
James N. Joraleman. 
David Ripley. 
Hugh Holmes. 
Daniel D. Benjamin. 
Charles O. Bolles. 
Daniel F. TompkinB. 
Nehemlah Perry. 
James A. Pennington. 
Apollos M. Elmer. 
Joseph T. Hopping. 
Warren S. Baldwin. 
Samuel R. Winans. 
James E. Bathgate. 
George H. Dnremus. 
Wm. K. AIcDonald. 
John C. Denman. 
Moses P. Smith. 
.Tohn L. Blake, Jr. 
William B. Baldwin. 
Charles L. C. Glflford. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



197 



r, Elihu Day. 


68, 


69, 


i, Charles C. Stewart. 


68, 


69, 


i, John C. Thornton. 


08, 


69, 


J, Simeon Harrison. 


69, 


70, 


i, James McCracken. 


69, 


70, 


;, Joseph Booth. 


69, 


70, 


J, Ira AI. Harrison. 


69, 


71, 


i, Thomas Klrkpatrlck. 


70, 


71, 


), Gaehler De Witt, Jr. 


70, 


71, 


), David Ayres. 


70, 


71, 


), Isaac P. Trimble. 




70, 


>, David A. Hayes. 




70, 


), Adolyhus W. Waldron. 




70, 


>, James P, Bond. 




71, 


), Amzi Condit. 




71, 


), James McCracken. 


71, 


72, 


), J. W. Hale. 


71, 


72, 


, Frederick H. Teese. 


71, 


72, 


I, James Wheeler. 




72, 


, James E. Smith. 




72, 


, James M. Lang. 




72, 


», David Oakes. 


72, 


73, 


', John Flintoft. 


72, 


73, 


, George A. Halsey. 


72, 


73, 


\, Walter Tompkins. 




73, 


, Corra Drake. 




73, 


\, John D. Freeman. 


73, 


74, 


, John P. Jackson. 


73, 


74. 


!, Thomas McGrath. 


73, 


74, 


, Amzi Dodd. 


73- 


-75, 


\, John C. Llttell. 




74, 


, Adolph Schalk. 




74. 


, James Smith. 


74, 


75, 


, Jeremiah DeCamp. 


74, 


75, 


, Ira M. Harrison. 


74, 


75, 


. Rufus F. Harrison. 




75. 


, Charles A. I.lghtplpe. 




75, 


, Thomas B. Peddle. 




75, 


>, John C. Selffert. 




75, 


, Bernard Kearney. 


75, 


76. 


, J. B. S. Robinson. 




76, 


. John H. Landell. 




76, 


», James D. Cleaver. 




76, 


, David Anderson. 


76, 


77, 


, William Bodwell. 


76, 


77, 


, John F. Anderson. 


76, 


77. 


5. David Ayres. 


76, 


77, 


), James L. Hays. 


76, 


80, 


\ Albert P. Condit. 




77. 


, Isaac P. Trimble. 


77. 


78, 


, William H. Murphy. 


77, 


78, 


5. Edward L. Price. 


77, 


78, 


r, Israel D. Condit. 


77, 


78, 


, Daniel Ayres. 




78, 


, William R. Sayre. 




78, 


, M. H. C. Vail. 


78, 


79. 


5, Samuel Atwater. 


78, 


79, 


J, Edward Hedden. 


78, 


79, 


?, Josiah L. Baldwin. 


78, 


79. 


), Josiah Speer. 




79. 


>. James Peck. 


79, 


80, 



John Kennedy. 
Timothy W. Lord. 
Francis Macken. 
James L. Gurney. 
John Hunkele. 
William W. Hawkins. 
James G. Irwin. 
Joseph F. Sanxay. 
Farrand Kitchell. 
Henry W. Wilson. 
Chauncey G. Williams. 
William R. Sayre. 
Matthew Murphy. 
Albert P. Condit. 
William A. Ripley. 
Edmund L. Joy. 
Theodore Horn. 
Rochus Helnisch, Jr. 
David Anderson. 
Daniel Murphy. 
Moses H. Williams. 
Samuel Wilde. 
Joseph G. Hill. 
Theodore Macknett. 
L. M. Armstrong. 
John W. Campbell. 
Ellas O. Doremus. 
Phineas Jones. 
Aaron G. Baldwin. 
Samuel Morrow. Jr. 
James T. Vanness. 
Moses E. Halsey. 
Thomas S. Henry. 
Julius C. Fitzgerald. 
William H. Kirk. 
Andrew Teed. 
Hugh Klnnard. 
Patrick Doyle. 
William Carrolton. 
David Dodd. 
Charles H. Harrison. 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
Albert D. Traphagen. 
Francis K. Howell. 
S. V. C. Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
James M. Patterson. 
Joseph H. Wlghtman. 
Gottfried Krueger. 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Plerson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles ITolzwarth. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryee. 
82, Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Charles A. Felch. 
Peter J. Gray. 



198 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



81, 



86, 


87. 




87. 




87. 


87, 


88, 


87. 


88 


87. 


88 


87- 


-80, 




88. 



83, 89, John Gill. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
83, Thomas O'Connor. 
•William H. Brown. 
Ellas A. Wilkinson. 
Thos. W. Langstroth. 
William R. Williams. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright. 
••Chas. G. Bruemmer. 
Michael McMahan. 
John H. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 
Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysses B. Brewster. 
Edw'd R. Pennington. 
Adam Turkes. 
Edwin B. Smith. 
Lucius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
John H. Murphy. 
William Hill. 
93. John L. Armltage. 
93, William Harrigan. 
Rush Burg.'u,^. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Herman Lehlbach. 
George B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward Q. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 
Charlese Holzwarth. 
Franklin Murphy. 
Henry M. Doremus. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin. 
Henry A. Potter. 
Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Schreihofer. 
Charles F. Underbill. 
Ellas M. Condlt. 
93, John H. Peal. 
Michael T. Barrett. 
Elvin W. Crane. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
James Marlatt. 
Frank M. McDermitt. 
DeForrest P. Lozler. 
Augustus Dusenberry. 
James A. Christie. 
Thomas McGowan. 
Adrian Riker. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
John Gill. 
Moses Bigelow. 



89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


89, 


90, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90, 


91, 


90- 


-92, 


90, 


92, 




91, 


91. 


92, 


91, 


92. 


91, 


92. 




92. 




92. 




92, 




92, 


92, 


93, 




93, 




93, 




93, 




93. 


93, 


94. 


93, 


94. 


93, 


94. 


93, 


94. 


93, 


94. 


93. 


94, 




94. 


94- 


-96, 


94. 


95, 


94, 


95, 


94, 


95, 




95, 


95. 


96, 


Pf). 


96, 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96. 


95, 


96. 




96. 


96, 


97. 


96. 


97, 


96, 


97. 


97, 


98. 


97, 


98. 


97, 


98. 


97, 


98. 




97. 


97. 


98. 


97, 


98. 


97, 


98. 




98, 




98, 




98. 



Geo. W. Wiedenmayer. 
Richard A. Price. 
92, Leonard Kalisch. 
Reuben Trier. 
George Rabensteln. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Charles Trefz. 
John J. Bertram. 
Edward W. Jackson. 
Thomas Smith. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward M. Taylor. 
John Nieder. 
John R. Hardin. 
George W. Ketcham. 
Thomas F. Cavanagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrlch. 
William L. Glorleux. 
Augustus C. Studer. 
John L. Armltage. 
William J. Kearns. 
John H. Peal. 
Timothy Barrett. 
William Harrigan. 
Joseph P. Clarke. 
Joseph M. Byrne. 
Thomas A. Murphey. 
Dennis F. Olvaney. 
J. Broad head Woolsey. 
Thomas P. Edwards. 
Charles B. Duncan. 
John C. Elsele. 
Charles B. Storrs. 
George P. Olcott. 
Frederick W. Mock. 
Amos W. Harrison. 
Alfred F. Pklnner. 
James A. Christie. 
George L. Smith. 
David E. Benedict. 
Charles A. Schober. 
Hay ward A. Harvey. 
Thomas H. Jones. 
Albert J. Simpson. 
James J. Hogan. 
Charles W. Powers. 
George W. W. Porter. 
Edwin F. Steddlg. 
Alvln C. Ebie. 
George B. Harrison. 
Jacob Rau, Jr. 
Peter B. Fairchild. 
Carl v. Bauman. 
Joseph B. Johnson. 
Oliver B. Dawson. 
William C. Schmidt. 



•In 1880, W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. Williams. 
••Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882. but died before Legis- 
lature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



199 



98, 99, Albert T. Guenther. 
99, John L. Bullard. 

99, 1900, Jacob Clark. 

99, 1900, John "W. Weseman. 
99, 1900, John Kreltlcr. 
99, 1900, Frederick J. Deleot. 
99, 1900, G. F. Brandenburgh. 
99, 1900, "William Mungle. 
99, 1900, John N. Klein. 
99, 1900, John P. Dexheimer. 
99, 1900, Benjamin F. Jones. 

1900, George S. Campbell. 
00 — 02, J. Henry Bacheller. 
01, 02, Fred'k Cummlngs. 
01 — 03, Wm. B. Garrabrants. 
01 — 03, John Howe. 
01—03, Robert W. Brown. 
01—03, Ralph B. Schmidt. 
01—03, Edward E. Gnlchtel. 
01—03, William G. Sharwell. 
01 — 03, Edgar Williams. 
01—03, Robert M. Boyd, Jr. 
01—03, William A. Lord. 
03—05, Frederick R. Lehlbach. 
03 — 05, Everett Colby. 
04, 05, William Pennington. 
04, 05, Frederick Manners. 
04, 05, Abraham Kaiser. 
04, 05, Herbert W. Taylor. 
04, 05, John J. Gallagher. 
04, 05, Samuel F. Wilson. 
04, 05, Edward D. Birkholz. 
04, 05, H. L. Johnstone. 
04, 05, Edward D. Puffield. 
06, 08, 09, William P. Martin. 

06, Gustav W. Roeber. 

06, George F. Serbe. 
06, 08, 09, Henry Clay Hines. 

06, Philip C, Walsh, Jr. 

06, Chas. R. Underwood. 

06, Gustav A. Kayser. 

06. Russell M. Everett. 
06, 08, 09, Austen Colgate. 
06, 08, William F. Morgan. 

06, Gustav V. Sommer. 

07, Edward H. Wright, Jr. 
07, Simon Hahn. 

07, John J. Baader. 
07, Patrick H. Corish. 
07, Thomas J. Mead. 
07, John C. Groel. 
07, John Breunnlg. 
07, John W. Lane. 
07, Edgar E. Lethbrldge. 
07, Daniel J. Brady. 

07, Harry F. Backus. 
08, 09, Henry Young, Jr. 
08, 09, William Roberts. 
08, 09, John F. Clark. 

08, James H. Lowrey. 
08, 09, H. Stacy Smith. 



i, 09, 



09, 


10, 


09, 


10, 




09, 




10, 




10, 




10, 




10, 




10, 




10, 




10. 




10, 




10, 




11. 




11, 




11, 




11, 




11, 




11, 




11. 




11, 




11, 




11, 




11, 




12, 




12. 




12. 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 




12, 


13, 


14, 


13, 


14, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 




13, 




13, 


13, 


14, 


13, 


14. 




13, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




14, 




14, 




14, 


14, 


15. 


14—16, 


14—16, 


15, 


16, 


15. 


16. 


15—17, 


1.5- 


-IT, 


15, 


16, 


15- 


-17, 



August J. Miller. 
Rudolph A. Braun. 
Thomas H. Brooks. 
Lewis G. Bowden. 
Eliot E. Ford. 
William Lee. 
Emll Wohlfarth. 
Thomas Goldingay. 
Thomas Gillen. 
Robert S. Terhune. 
J. William Huegel. 
Coleman E. Kissam. 
Duane E. Minard. 
Harold A. Miller. 
Harry F. Backus. 
John J. Bracken. 
James P. Mylod. 
Charles W. Brown. 
Mark F. Phillips. 
Michael Leveen. 
M. J. McGowan, Jr. 
Frank P. Shalvoy. 
Frank A. Boettner. 
Wm. P. Macksey. 
Edw. D. Balentine. 
William M. Beard. 
Henry F. Holloway. 
Charles G. Linnenkohl. 
Mortimer Lowy. 
Robert E. Mitchell. 
Frank J. Murray. 
Fred Prout. 
Thomas J. Smith. 
William E. Stagg. 
Fred G. Stickel, Jr. 
Henry J. Thein. 
William G. Welgel. 
Charles A. Nutting. 
Bennett H. Fishier. 
John J. Bracken. 
Laurence INIcCabe, Jr. 
John A. Matthews. 
William E. Maguire. 
Louis Lewis. 
Frank A. Foley. 
Hubert J. Rowe. 
Simon L. Fisch. 
Joseph F. Papscoe. 
Joseph B. Bloom. 
James R. Byrne. 
Edward C. Eaton. 
Michael J. Quigley. 
Thomas J. Smith. 
E. Morgan Barradale. 
W. Clive Crosby. 
William P. Berry. 
Marcus W. De Camp. 
Seymour P. Gilbert. 
Harry D. Johnson. 
Charles C. Pilgrim. 
Edward Schoen. 



200 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



15—17, Eugene T. Scudder. 

15, 16, George M. Titus. 

15, H. Edward Wolf. 

16, 17, Herbert J. Buebler. 

16, Paul R. Silberman. 

17, IS, Theodore J. Badgley. 

17, Dudley Brauiliall. 
17, George W. Keating. 
17, Charles A. LeMaster. 
17, Andrew N. MacKinnon. 
17, Samuel Press. 

17, Gustave C. Wolber. 

18, Augustus W. Abbott. 
18, Edgar H. Bostock. 
18, Frank B. Champion. 
18, 0. Bell Close. 

18, Harry G. Eaton. 

18, George S. Hobart. 





18, 


Howell G. Lord. 




18, 


Olindo MarzuUi. 




18, 


Walter R. Pruden. 




18, 


Charles H. Stewart. 




18, 


George G. Yarrow, 




19, 


Edric C. Greaves. 




19, 


Harry A. Augenblick 


in 


20, 


Elroy Headley. 


11) 


20, 


James F. Hyland. 


19 


20 James J. Wbalen. 


19 


20, 


James J. Cross. 


19 


20, 


Michael F. Judge. 


19 


i-'O, 


Joseph J. Finley. 


19 


20, 


Louis R. Freund. 


19 


20, 


Charles B. Casale. 


19 


20, 


Joseph Siegler. 


19 


20, 


Hugh C. Barrett. 




20, 


Louis Lewis. 




20, 


Felix Forlenza. 



Gloucester County. 



45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 


47, 


48, 


*T, 


48. 




49, 


49, 


50, 




50, 




51, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 


55, 


56, 


55, 


56, 




57, 




57, 


58, 


59, 


58, 


59. 




60, 


60, 


61, 


60, 


61, 




62, 


62, 


63, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65. 


65, 


66, 



67, 



Samuel W. Cooper. 
Benjamin Harding. 
John B. Miller. 
John B. Hilyard. 
John Burk. 
John Duell. 
Thomas Gaskill. 
Edmund Weatherby. 
Benjamin C. Tatem. 
Thomas Mills. 
Joseph Abbott. 
John V. Porch. 
Joseph Franklin. 
Benjamin Beckett. 
Jacob G. Tomlin. 
James B. Albertson. 
John H. Bradway. 
Benjamin Smith. 
John F. Thomas. 
George C. Hewitt. 
♦Joseph Harker. 
John Starr. 
tJoseph H. Duffiekl. 
Thomas G. Batten. 
Allen Moore. 
E. C. Heritage. 
Nathan S. Abbott. 
William D. Wilson. 
William W. Clark. 
Jacob J. Hendrickson. 



68, Charles T. Molony. 

68, Wm. B. Rosenbaum. 
69, 70, Leonard F. Harding. 
69—71, Nimrod Woolery. 
71, 72, John S. Rulon. 

72, John R. Middleton. 
73, 74, Obadiah Eldrldge. 
73, 74, D. W. C. Ilemmlngway. 

75, Simeon Warrington. 

75, 76, Thomas B. Lodge. 

76, 77, Samuel Moore. 
77—79, Caleb C. Pancoast. 
78, 79, Lawrence Locke. 
80, 81, George Craft. 

80, 81, Thomas M. Ferrell. 

82. Abijah S. Hewitt. 
83—85, Job S. Haines. 
86. 87. Joseph B. Roe. 
88—90. James West. 
91, 92, James J. DaTldson. 
93—96. Solomon H. Stanger. 
97—99, §DaTid O. Watkins. 
1900. 01. William P. Buck. 
02—05. John Boyd Avis. 
06—08. William C. Cattell. 
09. 10. Walter Heritage. 
11. 12, James Lafferty. 

tl3, Vacancy. 
14—17, Oliver J. West. 
18 — 20, Horace M. Fooder. 



•Mr. Harker died during the session of 1860. nnd Mr. Dufflehi 
was elected to fill thp vn^nnoy 

fVacancy caused by death of Edward C. Leeds. 
§Became Acting Governor in '98. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



201 



Hudson County. 



45, 


46, 




47, 




48, 




49, 




50, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 


54, 


55, 




55, 




55, 




5f?, 




56, 


66, 


57, 




57, 


57, 


58, 




58, 


58—60, 





61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63. 


62, 


63, 


62- 


-64, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64, 


65. 


64, 


65, 




65, 




65, 




65. 


65, 


66, 




66. 




66. 


66. 


67. 


66, 


67, 


66—68. 


67. 


68. 


67, 


68, 


67, 


68, 




68, 


68, 


69, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 




69. 


69, 


71, 




70, 




70. 



Hartman Van Wagenen. 
Benjamin F. Welsh. 
Oliver S. Strong. 
Jas. J. Van Boskerck. 
Edward T. Carpenter. 
John Van Vorst. 
Edmund T. Parker. 
Joseph W. Hancox. 
John Dunn Llttell. 
James S. Davenport. 
Jacob M. Vreeland. 
Clement M. Hancox. 
Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 
Jacob M. Merseles. 
Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 
John M. Board. 
John D. Ward. 
James T. Hatfield. 
George V. De Mott. 
Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 
Robert C. Bacot. 
William Voorhees. 
Garret M. Van Horn. 
Wm, H. Hemenover. 
Samuel A. French. 
W. H. Peckham. 
N. C. Slalght. 
Franklin B. Carpenter. 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Michael J. Vreeland. 
Edward D. Reiley. 
George McLaughlin. 
Joslali Conley. 
John B. Perry. 
Joshua Benson. 
James Lynch. 
Garret D. Van Relpen. 
John B. Drayton. 
John Van Vorst. 
Abraham W. Duryee. 
Delos E. Culver. 
William E. Broking. 
Hiram Van Buskirk. 
69. 70. Leon Abbett. 
John Ramsay. 
Charles F. Ruh. 
O. D. Falkenburg. 
De Witt C. Morris. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
Hosea F. Clark. 
A. O. Evans. 
John Dwyer. 
•John Van Vorst. 
Henry C. Smith. 
Sidney B. Bevans. 
James B. Doremus. 
Elbridge V. S. Besson. 
Michael Coogan. 
Abel I. Smith. 
William Brlnkerhoff. 



70, 


71, 




71, 




71, 




71, 




71, 




72, 




72, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73. 


72, 


73, 




73, 


73, 


74, 




74, 




74, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75. 


74—76, 


74—77. 




75, 




75, 


75, 


76, 




76, 




76, 




76, 


78, 


77, 


76, 


78, 




77, 




77, 




77, 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78, 


77, 


78, 




78, 




78. 


78, 


79. 


78, 


79. 




79. 




79, 




79, 




79. 


79. 


80. 


79. 


80. 




80. 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81. 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


82, 




81, 


81, 


82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 




82, 


82, 


83, 



Herman D. Busch. 
James F. Fielder. 
John Anness. 
George Warrin. 
Joslah Hornblower. 
James Stevens. 
John A. O'Neill. 
George H. Farrier. 
Dennis Reardon. 
George S. Plympton. 
Henry Gaede. 
Jasper Wandel. 
Anthony J. Ryder. 
John Lee. 

Richard C. Washburn. 
Henry Coombs. 
James K. Selleck. 
Alexander T. McGill. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Alexander McDonnell. 
John D. Carscallen. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 
Thomas Carey. 
Edward F. McDonald. 
John J. TofFey. 
William A. Lewis. 
Harry Brautlgarn. 
Thomas C. Brown. 
Thomas J. Hannon. 
Alex. Jocobus. 
Martin M. Drohan. 
Lewis A. Brigham. 
Elijah T. Paxton. 
Marmaduke Tilden. 
Alexander W. Harris. 
James Stevens. 
Dudley S. Steele. 
Edward P. C. Lewis. 
81, T. J. McDonald. 
Henry Dusenberry. 
John Owen Rouse. 
Frank C. Frey. 
G. A. Lilllendahl. 
John E. Tangeman. 
Joseph Meeks. 
Samuel Stllsing. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
Allan L. McDermott. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
James Curran. 
David W. Lawrence. 
Frederick Payne. 
James J. Casey. 
William McA loo. 
Robert McCague, Jr. 
George H. Farrier. 
David M. Durrell. 
John O'Rourke. 
Thomas V. Cator. 



202 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



82—84, 


82- 


-84, 




83, 




83, 


83, 


84, 


83, 


84, 


83. 


84, 


83, 


84, 


83- 


-85, 




84, 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 




85, 




85, 




85, 




85. 




85, 




85, 


85, 


86, 



86, 87, 
86, 87, 
86, 87, 
86, 87, 

86, 87, 
87, 

87. 88, 
87—89, 
87—90. 



88, 89, 
88, 89, 

88, 89, 
89, 
89, 

89, 90, 

89, 92, 
90, 
90, 
90. 

90, 91, 
90, 91, 
90, 91, 

90, 91. 
90—92. 

91. 
91. 
91. 
91. 

91, 92. 



James C. Clarke. 
Dennis McLaughlin. 
Peter F. Wanser. 
John M. Shannon. 
Martin Steljes. 
Augustus A. Rich. 
Frank O. Cole. 
Joseph T. Kelly. 
Edwin 0. Chapman. 
Michael J. O'Donnell. 
Cornelius S. See. 
87. 88. S. D. Dickinson. 
Thomas H. Kelly. 
Isaac Romalne. 
John W. Heck. 
James J. Clark. 
John Wade. 
Fred Frambach, Jr. 
John C. Besson. 
R. B. Seymour. 
D. A. Peloubet. 
A. B. Dayton. 
T. J. McDonald. 
Philip Tumulty. 
John Pearson. 
89. R. S. Hudspeth. 
Thomas F. Noonan. 
Edward Lennon. 
Edward T. McLaughlin. 
William H. Letts. 
John P. Feeney. 
Wm. C. Heppenhelmer. 
Joseph Gallagher. 
Charles W. Fuller. 
*E. Frank Short. 
James F. Norton. 
Richard Brown. 
Edward P. Farrell. 
Peter T. Donnelly. 
Judson C. Francois. 
Laurence Fagan. 
Patrick H. O'Neill. 
James Murphy. 
James S. Erwln. 
John F. Kelly. 
Michael Mullone. 
Henry Byrne. 
Andrew J. Boyle. 
Thomas B. Usher. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
Simeon H. Smith. 
Henry Puster. 
John F. Madden. 
William D. Daly. 
James Moylan. 
Thomas Magner. 
James Tumllty. 
George A. Heaney. 
Martin Lawless. 



92, 93, Cornelius J. Tahen. 

92, 93, John Zeller. 
92—94, Timothy J. Carroll. 
92—94, Michael J. Coyle. 

93, Henry H. Holmes. 
93, Adam J. Dlttmar. 

93, S. V. W. Stout. 

93, 94, Ebenezer Berry. 
93, 94, Max Salinger. 
93, 94, Hugh A. Kelly. 

94, Thomas Egan. 

94, George W. Harding. 

94, John Kerr. 

94, Thomas McEwan, Jr. 

94, Charles Erlenkotter. 

95, James Usher. 
95, Henry C. Gruber. 
95, James F. Blackshaw. 
95, Henry M. Nutzhorn. 
95, Frederick Schober. 
95, Robert McAndrew. 

95, William E. Drake. 

96, William N. Parslow. 
96, Pierce J. Fleming. 
96, Richard M. Smart. 
96, David H. Cagney. 
96, Carl H. Ruempler. 
96, John W. Queen. 
96, John E. Hewitt. 
96, Edward Hoos. 

96, Joseph P. Mullln. 
98, Horace L. Allen. 

96, 98, Charles T. Bauer. 

97, Elmer W. Demarest. 
97, William M. KUnk. 
97, Robert D. Urquhart. 
97, Isaac F. Goldenhorn. 
97, William G. Nelson. 
97, John E. McArthur. 
97, Theodore C. WUdman. 
97, Charles M. Evans. 

97, Clement DeR. Leonard. 
97, William H. Dod. 

97, Wm. O. Armbruster. 

98, Alexander Simpson. 
98, Adolph Walter, Jr. 

98 — 1900, Allan Benny. 
98 — 1900, James J. Murphy. 
98, 99, James P. Hall. 
98, 99, Fergus T. Kelaher. 
98, 99, Michael J. Bruder. 

98, 99. John J. Marnell. 
98—1900. Tim. J. Carroll. 

99, 1900, J. Emll Walscheld. 
99—1901, Leon Abbett. 
99—1901, Maurice Marks. 
99—1901, John H. Toilers. 
1900, 01, P. Anthony Brock. 
00—02, Geo. G. Tennant. 



94, 



95, 
95, 
95, 
95, 



96. 



•Mr. Short was elected to a second term of offl "e, but he died 
before the Legislature met. Mr. Francois was chosen for the 
vacancy. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



203 



00, 


01, 


00, 


01, 


01, 


02, 


01, 


02, 


01, 


02, 


01—03. 




02, 


02, 


03, 


02, 


03. 


02—03, 


02—05, 




03, 


03—05, 


03, 


04, 


03, 


04. 


03. 


04. 


03—05. 


03, 


04, 


04, 


05, 


04, 


05, 


04. 


05, 


04, 


05, 




04, 




05, 




05, 




05, 




05, 


05, 


06, 




06. 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




06, 




00, 




06, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08. 


07, 


08. 


07, 


08. 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 




07. 




07. 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


07, 


08, 


OS, 


09, 


08, 


09, 


09, 


10, 


09, 


10, 


09, 


10, 




09, 


10. 


11. 


10- 


-13, 


10, 


11, 



02, John J. Fallon. 
02, Edward J. Elce. 
John A. Dennin. 
Patrick H. Connolly. 
Klllan V. Lutz. 
Peter Stlllwell. 
William F. Hurley. 

C. G. A. Schumann. 
John J. Treacy. 
Frederick Weismann. 
James A. Hamlll. 
Michael J. Cannon. 
Joseph C. Duff. 
William D. Kelly. 
James F. Fielder. 

J. W. Kufus Besson. 
Edgar H. Loverldge. 
Thomas P. McGlennon. 
Myron C. Ernst. 
Godfrey B. Mattheus. 
Harry W. Lange. 
John Gallery. 

D. Kelsey Whltaker. 
Archibald S. Alexander. 
Edward A. Murphy. 
Joseph A. Elordan. 
William J. Boucher. 
Robert H. Scott. 

John J. Coyle. 
Joseph F. Galvin. 
William A. Joerg. 
James E. Woolley. 
Edward K. Patterson. 

E. W. Arrosmlth. 
Herman A. Berg. 
J. Philip Dlppel. 
John H. Eggers. 
Harry F. Thompson. 
Theodore L. Blerck. 

09, 10, Mark A. Sullivan. 
09, 10, Charles P. Olwell. 
09, 10. Jos. P. Tumulty. 
09. 10. James Baker. 
C. B. Hendrlckson. Jr. 
Charles H. Blohm. 
Joseph A. Rlordan. 
Archibald S. Alexander. 
Philip Daab. 
09. 10. 

Oscar L. Auf der Helde. 

09, Albert C. Eppinger. 
Valentine Holzapfel. 
Amadeus Valente. 

10, 11, Edw. Kenny. 
W. C. Kackenmester. 

11, 12, Wm. S. Davidson. 

11. 12. Peter H. James. 
Frederick H. Otto. 
James H. Christie. 

15, 16, James C. Aguew. 

12, Cornelius Ford. 



11, 


12, 


11, 


12, 


11- 


-13, 


11, 


12, 




11, 


11, 


12, 


12, 


13, 




12, 


12, 


13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 


13, 


14, 




13, 




13, 




13. 


13. 


14, 


14. 


16, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 


14, 


16, 




14, 




14, 




15, 


15. 


17, 


15, 


17, 




15, 




15, 


15, 


17, 




15, 




15. 




15, 


15, 


17, 


16, 


17, 




16. 


16, 


17, 




10, 


16, 


17, 


16, 


17, 


16, 


18, 


17, 


18, 


17, 


18, 


17, 


18, 




17, 




18, 


18- 


-20, 




IS, 




18, 


IS- 


-20. 


18, 


19, 


18, 


19, 




IS. 


19, 


20, 


19, 


20, 


19, 


20, 


19, 


20, 


19, 


20, 


19, 


20, 


19, 


20, 


19, 


20, 




20, 




20, 



Thomas M. Donnelly. 

13, Charles M. Egan. 

15, Thomas F. llartin. 

14, Thos. F. A. Griffin. 
James J. McGrath. 
Chas. E. S. Simpson. 

14, Joseph M. Branegan. 
Geo. F. Brensinger. 
Philip Steuerwald. 
Magnus Bredenbek. 
Arthur F. McGrath. 

16, Harry Kuhlke. 
Thomas C Mulligan. 

Henry W. Moser. 
Daniel J. Murray. 
Walter L. McDermott. 
George J. Brackner. 
Joseph Carroll. 
Thomas P. Curran. 
Clinton E. Fisk. 
Thomas G. Gannon. 
Dennis Long. 
Joseph P. Mulligan. 
Francis P. Boland. 
Charles C. Colgan. 
Frank A. Dolan. 
Archibald M. Henry. 
Frank A. La Pointe. 
Jacob J. Singer. 
Leo S. Sullivan. 
Edward C. Zelger. 
Charles W. Ostrom. 
Ulysses G. Borden. 
Timothy F. Aaron. 
Charles F. Dolan. 
John J. Dugan. 
Dennis Dunn, Jr. 
Charles H. Felten. 
Allan W. i\Ioore. 
Alexander Simpson. 
Dennis J. Gallagher, Jr. 
Joseph F. Hurley. 
William J. McGovern. 
Theodore Taistra. 
James A. Dugan. 
Henry J. Gaede. 
William J. Hanley. 
Samuel L. Hirschberg. 
James J. McAteer. 
Andrew E. Nolan. 
George W. Snow, Jr. 
Edward P. Stout. 
James Bowen. 
John J. Coppiuger. 
Michael J. Donovan. 
William M. Schultz. 
Francis A. Stanton. 
Edward J. Sullivan. 
Andrew Muro. 
Louis Silver. 
AVilliam George 
Lewis G. Hansen. 



204 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



Hunterdon County. 



45, 
45, 
45, 

45, 48, 
46, 

46, 47, 
46, 47, 
46, 47. 
47^9, 
48, 49, 
48, 49, 
50. 51, 
50, 51, 
50, 51, 
50—52, 

52, 
52, 53, 

52, 53, 

53. 54, 

53, 54, 

54, 55, 
54, 55, 

55, 
5.5, 
56, 57, 
56, 57, 
56, 57, 
56, 57, 
58, 59, 
58, 59, 
58, 59, 
58, 59, 
60. 
60, 61, 
60, 61, 

60, 61. 

61, 62, 

62, 63, 
62—64. 

63, 64, 

64, 65. 



45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 47, 

46, 47, 

46, 47, 

48. 

48, 49, 

48—50. 

49, 

50. 

50, 51, 

51, 

51, 

52, 

52, 



John Swackhammer. 


65. 66, 


Amos Moore. 


65—67, 


John H. Case. 


66, 67, 


49, Jonathan Plckel. 


67, 68, 


Henry Stevenson. 


68, 69, 


Isaac R. Srope. 


68—70, 


Joseph Frltts. 


69, 70. 


Frederick Apgar. 


70, 71, 


John Lambert. 


71, 72, 


Andrew Banghart. 


71, 72, 


David Van Fleet. 


73, 74, 


John Marlow. 


73, 74. 


Luther Opdycke. 


75, 76, 


William Tlnsman. 


75, 76. 


John R. Young. 


77, 78, 


Hiram Bennett. 


77, 78, 


Peter H. AlJer. 


79, 80, 


Andrew Vanslckle. 


79, 80, 


John Lambert. 


81, 82, 


Samuel H. Erltton. 


81, 82, 


Lewis Youn?. 


83, 84, 


Peter E. Voorhees. 


83. 84, 


Jacob S. C. Plttenger. 


85—87, 


Edward Hunt. 


85—87, 


William Sergeant. 


88—90, 


John U. Voorhls. 


88—90, 


Joseph W. Wlllever. 


91, 92, 


John P. Rlttenhouse. 


91—93, 


John H. Horn. 


93, 


William Snyder. 


94, 95, 


Cornelius B. Sheets. 


94—96, 


Frederick Apgar. 


96—98, 


ThoB. Banghart, Jr. 


97—99, 


Charles Denson. 


99—01, 


Ambrose Barcroft. 


00—02, 


D. D. Schomp. 


03—05, 


Jacob H. Huffman. 


06-08, 


S. R. Huselton. 




Joseph W. Wood. 


09—11, 


David H. Banghart. 


15—17. 


David B. Boss. 


18—20, 



James J. Wlllever. 
William I. lliff. 
Richard H. Wilson. 
Baltes Plckel. 
John Williamson. 
Theodore Probasco. 
John P. Lare. 
John Kugler. 
Peter Voorhees. 
Aug. E. Sanderson. 
W. L. Hoppock. 
John Caipenter, Jr. 
James Bird. 
William W. Swayze. 
Henry Brlttoa. 
John Hackett. 
Charles W. Godown. 
James N. Ramsey. 
George H. Mathews. 
Jacob Hipp. 
John V. Robblns. 
W. Howard Lake. 
John C. Arnwlne. 
Chester Wolverton. 
William H. Martin. 
Laurence H. Trimmer. 
William B. Niece. 
Benjamin E. Tine. 
J. L. Chamberlln. 
Charles N. Redding. 
William C. Alpaugh. 
David Lawshe. 
George F. Martens, Jr. 
Oliver I. Blackwell. 
W. A. Laudenberger. 
James H. Wlllever. 
12. 13. 14. 
Oliver C. Holcombe. 
John J. Matthews. 
Harry J. lobst. 
David H. Agaus. 



Mercer County. 



Israel J. Woodward. 
Richard J. Bond. 
♦John Lowrey. 
Isaac Pullen. 
John M. Vancleve. 
William White. 
Sanniel C. Cornell. 
James M. Redmond. 
Joslah Bnzby. 
John R. Dill. 
John F. Hageman. 
John IT. Phillips. 
Ell Rogers. 
Westley P. Danser. 
William Napton. 
John C. Ward. 



52, Jeremiah Vandyke. 

53, Abner B. Tomllnson. 
53, Elijah L. Hendrlckson. 

53. Randal C. Robblns. 

54, James H. Hill. 
54, Franklin S. Mills. 

54, Runey R. Forman. 

55, James Vandeventer. 
55, William Jay. 

55, Garret Schenck. 

56, Samuel Wooley. 
56, 57. Geo. R. Cook. 

56, 57. Andrew Dntcher. 

57, 58, Jacob Van Dyke. 
58, Jonathan S. Fish. 

58, 59, Augustus L. Martin. 



•Died In office. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



205 



uv, 


61, 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


66, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 




67, 


67, 


71, 




68, 




68, 


68, 


69, 




69, 


69, 


70, 




70, 


70, 


71, 




71, 




72, 




72, 


72. 


73, 


73, 


74, 


73, 


74, 


74, 


75, 




75, 




75, 




76, 




76, 




76, 




77, 




77, 


77, 


78, 


78, 


79, 


78, 


79, 




79, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 


80. 


81, 


82, 


83, 


82, 


83, 


83, 


84, 


84, 


85, 


84, 


85, 




85, 


86, 


87, 



Robert Altken. 
Ed. T. R. Applegate. 
Harper Crozer. 
Joseph Abbott. 
William S. Yard. 
Morgan F. Mount. 
John G. Stevens. 
Geo. W. Johnston. 
Peter Crozer. 
James G. West. 
James F. Bruere. 
John A. Weart. 
Alex. P. Green. 
Samuel Fisher. 
Thomas Crozer. 
Charles W. Mount. 
Joseph H. Bruere. 
Thomas J. Corson. 
Thomas C. Pearce. 
Absalom P. Lannlng. 
John P. Nelson. 
James C. Norrls. 
Charles O. Hudnut. 
William H. Barton. 
Llscomb T. Bobbins. 
Richard R. Rogers. 
John H. Silvers. 
Alfred W. Smith. 
John N. Lindsay. 
Andrew J. Smith. 
Geo. O. Vanderbllt. 
Samuel M. Youmans. 
Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 
Enoch H. Drake. 
John Hart Brewer. 
Robert L. Hutchinson. 
William S. Yard. 
J. Vance Powers. 
Horatio N. Burroughs. 
82, Eckford Moore. 
John D. Rue. 
William Roberts. 
Charles S. Robinson. 
Richard A. Donnell.v. 
John v. D. Beekman. 
Nelson M. Lewis. 
William J. Convery. 
Joseph II. Applegate. 
A. Judson Rue 
John Camlnade. 
Benj. F. Chambers. 
S. B. Hutchinson. 
James C. Taylor, Jr. 
William Ossenberg. 



87, Frederick Walter. 

87, George D. Scudder. 

88, Charles H. Olden. 
88, Josiah Jones. 

88, Lyman Leavitt. 

89, Uriel T. Scudder. 

89, Thomas S. Chambers. 

89, 90, John Schroth. 

90, Howell C. Stull. 

90, 91, Jacob R. WyckofC. 

91, James H. Mulheron. 

91, 92, Patrick T. Burns. 

92, 93, James W. Lanning. 
92, 93, Barton B. Hutchinson. 

93, Charles G. Roebllng. 

94, 95, William L. Wilbur. 

94, 95, John Ginder. 

94, 95, William T. Exton. 

96, 97, Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

96, 97, Geo. W. Macpherson. 

96, 97, J. Wiggans Thorn. 

98, Frank M. Weller. 

98, 99, John B. Yard. 

98, 99, Henry J. Nicklln. 

99, 1900, Ira W. Wood. 
1900, 01, J. Warren Fleming. 
1900, 01, Frederick P. Rees. 

01, 02, George W. Page. 

02, 03, Harry D. Leavitt. 

02, 03, Bertrand L. Gulick. 

03, 04, Thomas Colclough, Jr. 

04, 05, Ralph Hulse. 

04, 05, Thomas B. DeCou. 

or,— 07, Alfred N. Barber. 

06 — 08, Henry D. Thompson. 

06. 07, William F. Burke. 

08, 09, Edward H. Glnnelley. 

08, 09, 10, George W. Housel. 

09 — 11, Charles II. Mather. 

10, 11, Allan B. Walsh. 

11, 12, 13. Georpe W. Adams. 

12, John E. Gill. 

12, 14, 15, Edgar G. Weart. 

13, Erwin E. Marshall. 

13, 14. Hervey S. Moore. 
14 — 16, James Hammond. 

Iri — 17, A. Dayton Oliphant. 

16 — 18. Josiah T. Allinson. 

17, 18, Clinton H. Read. 

18, 19, John E. Gill. 

19. Hervey S. Moore. 

19, 20, William H. Blackwell. 

20, George W. Guthrie. 
20. William A. Moore. 



Middlesex County. 



45, 


46, 


Simeon W. Phillips. 




47, 


45, 


46, 


Ralph C. Stults. 


47, 


48, 


45, 


46, 


Daniel C. Dunn. 




48, 


45, 


46. 


Charles Abraham. 


48. 


49, 




47 


Garret G. Voorhees. 


48, 


49, 




47^ 


Theodore F. King. 




49, 



47, John A. Davison. 
Richard McDov\ell. 
Melancton F. Carman. 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Aaron Gulick. 
William A. Gulick. 



206 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



49, 


50, 




50, 




50, 




50, 




51, 




51, 




51, 


51, 


52, 




52. 


52, 


53. 


53—55. 


53, 


54, 


54, 


55, 


55, 


56, 




56, 


56, 


57. 




57, 


57, 


58, 


58, 


59, 


58- 


-60, 




59, 


60, 


61, 


60, 


61, 


61, 


62, 




62, 


62, 


63, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65, 




65, 


65- 


-67, 


66, 


67, 


66, 


67, 




68, 


68, 


69, 


68, 


09, 




70, 


TO, 


71, 




71, 


71- 


-73, 




72, 


72, 


73, 




73, 




74, 




74, 


74, 


75. 




75, 




75. 




76. 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 




77, 


78, 


79, 


78. 


79, 


78, 


79, 




80, 




80, 


80, 


81, 


81. 


82. 


81, 


83. 




82, 


82, 


83, 



James Bishop. 
Henry Vandyke. 
Charles Abraham. 
Israel li. Corlell. 
David Dunn. 
Peter F. Dye. 
J. B. Johnson. 
Itobert M. Crowell. 
James Applegate. 
Josephus Sbann. 
Martin A. Howell. 
Abraham Everett. 
Samuel E. Stelle. 
William Hutchinson, 
John T. Jenkins. 
Amos Bobbins. 
Henry Stults. 
John D. Buckelew. 
Garret I. Snedeker. 
Ellis B. Freeman. 
Andrew McDowell. 
Thomas Booraem. 
Ellas Dey. 
Ellas Ross. 
Orlando Perrlne. 
James T. Crowell. 
Miles Ross. 
David B. Wyckoff. 
Abraham C. Corlell. 
James G. Goble. 
69, 70, I-evi D. Jarrard. 
Nathan H. Tyrell. 
John W. Perrlne. 
George E. Strong. 
Alfred W. Jones. 
William M. Cox. 
George E. Brown. 
Albert L. Runyon. 
Edward F. Roberts. 
Isaac L. Fischer. 
Johnston Holcombe. 
Joseph C. Letson. 
H. F. Worthlngton. 
John Von Deursen. 
John F. Ten Broeck. 
Joseph C. Magee, Jr. 
James H. Van Cleef. 
Josephus Shann. 
Isaiah Rolfe. 
Charles A. Campbell. 
Daniel Z. Martin. 
John Waldron. 
Isaac L. Martin. 
Patrick Convery. 
Vincent W. Mount, 
Robert G. Miller. 
John M. Board. 
Stephen M. Martin. 
James H. Van Cleef. 
Manning Freeman. 
John Adair. 
James H. Goodwin. 



83, 84, William R. Jernee. 

84, 85, Edward S. Savage. 

84, 85, Robert Carson. 

85, 80, John Martin. 

86, 87, John F. Ten Broeck. 

86, 87, R. R. Vandenbergh. 

87, 88, John Mulvey. 

88, 89, Ephralm Cutter. 
88, 89, Charles B. Herbert. 

89. Daniel M. Kane. 



90, 


91, 


Luther H. Tappen. 


90, 


91, 


William C. Jacques. 


90, 


91, 


Charles II. Manahan. 


92, 


93, 


John H. Daly. 


92, 


93, 


Hezeklah Warne. 


92- 


-94, 


John W. Beekman. 




94. 


William F. Harklns. 


94—96, 


Andrew H. Slover. 


95, 


96, 


Edward W. Hicks. 


95, 


96, 


George H. Tlce. 




97, 


Alexander C. Lltteret. 




97, 


Jacob H. Whitfield. 




97, 


James Fountain. 


98, 


99, 


Adam Eckert. 


98, 


99, 


Joseph H. Rldgeway. 


98. 


99. 


John J. Quald. 


1900. 01, Adrian Lyon. 


1900, 01. H. Raymond Groi'es. 


00—03, 


J. E. Montgomery. 




02, 


Myron J. Whltford. 


02, 


03, 


W. H. C. Jackson. 




03, 


Bernard M. Gannon. 


04, 


05, 


J. H. Thayer Martin. 


04, 


05, 


Alexander R. Fordyce, Jr. 


04, 


05, 


Frank C. Henry. 


06, 


07, 


Frank Crowther. 


06, 


07, 


William R. Drake. 


06, 


07, 


Edward E. Haines. 


08, 


10, 


11, W. E. Ramsay. 


08, 


09, 


William C. Voorhees. 




08, 


S. C. Van Cleef. 




09, 


Rene P. F. Von Minden. 




09, 


Edwin C. McKeag. 




10, 


Edward Burt. 


10, 


11, 


Jno. V. L. Booraem. 


11, 


12, 


Aug. C. Streitwolf. 




12. 


J. F. Ten Broeck. 


1-. 


13, 


14. J. P. Kirkpatrick. 


13, 


14, 


, 15, Arthur A. Qulnn. 


13, 


14, 


George L. Burton. 


15, 


16, 


E. Leon Loblein. 


15, 


16, 


Charles Anderson. 




16. 


Richard J. Galvin. 


17, 


18, 


George S. Applegate. 


17, 


18, 


James A. Edgar. 


17, 


18, 


Fred. C. Schneider. 




19, 


Andrew J. Wight. 


19, 


20, 


, Fred W. De Voe. 




19. 


Andrew Kirkpotrifk. 




20, 


, Albert W. Appleby. 




20, 


, C. Raymond Lyons. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



207 



Monmouth County. 



45, 
45, 

45, 46, 
45—47, 
45—47, 
40, 47, 

46, 47, 
47, 
48, 
48, 
48, 
48, 
48, 

49, 50, 

49, 

49, 

49, 50, 

49, 50, 

50, 

50, 

51, 

51, 52, 

51, 52, 

51—53, 

52, 

53, 

53, 

53, 54, 

54, 

54, 

54—56, 

55, 

55, 

55, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

56, 57, 

57—59, 

57—60, 

58, 50, 

58, 59, 

60, 

60, 61, 

60, 61, 

61, 62. 
61, 62, 

62, 
63—65. 
63, 64, 
63, 64, 
65, 66, 
65, 66, 

66, 
67, 68. 



67, 



George F. Fort. 
•Jas. H. Hartshorne. 
Andrew Simpson. 
Hartshorne Tantum. 
Joseph B. Coward. 
William Vandoren. 
John Borden. 
Andrew Simpson. 
William W. Bennett. 
Joel Parker. 
Ferdinand Woodward. 
•Samuel Bennett. 
Joel W. Ayres. 
Alfred Walling. 
James Hooper. 
John B. Williams. 
George W. Sutphin. 
James D. Hall. 
William G. Hooper. 
Charles Butcher. 
Bernard Connolly. 
William H. Conover. 
Garret S. Smock. 
Samuel W. Jones. 
Charles Butcher. 
Charles Allen. 
Daniel P. Van Doren. 
Robert Allen. 
Forman Hendrlckson. 
John L. Corlies. 
Henry E. Lafetra. 
John Vandoren. 
Thomas B. Stout. 
William H. Johnson. 
Jacob Herbert. 
John R. Barricklo. 
Samuel Beers. 
John V. Conover. 
Austin H. Patterson. 
George Middleton. 
Richard B. Walling. 
J. J. McNinney. 
William H. Mount. 
James Patterson. 
William V. Ward. 
Charles Haight. 
George C. Murray. 
Michael Taylor. 
Osborn Curtis. 
David H. Wyckofif. 
Daniel A. Holmes. 
George Schenck. 
William C. Browne. 
Charles Allen. 
Francis Corlies. 
Thomas S. R. Brown- 
William H. Conover. 
Daniel H. Van Mater. 



69, 70, Andrew Brown. 

70 — 72, Austin H. Patterson. 

71, William S. Horner. 

72, John T. Haight. 
72, Wm. B. Hendrlckson. 
74, John B. GIfiford. 
74, John S. Sproul. 

73 — 75, George W. Patterson. 
75, 76, Chas. D. Hendrlckson. 

76, William V. Conover, 

77, James L. Rue. 

77, James H. Leonard. 

78, William H. Bennett. 

78, George J. Ely. 

79, Arthur Wilson. 

80, 87, Sherman B. Ovlatt. 

80, 92, 93, John D. Honce. 

81, 87, 88, G. H. Lufburrow. 

81, Holmes W. Murphy. 

82, David A. Bell. 
Benjamin Griggs. 
Peter Forman, Jr. 
Alfred B. Stoney. 
Thomas G. Chattle. 
Charles II. Boud. 
William H. Grant. 

85, 86, Frank E. Heyer. 
86, William Pintard. 

86, 87, W. S. Throckmorton. 
88, 89, Edward B. Potts. 

88, 89, Archibald A. Higgins. 
89, William F. Patterson. 
91, Aaron E. Johnston. 
91, William D. Campbell. 
91, Charles H. Ivins. 
93, John D. Honce. 
93, Reuben G. Strahan. 

93, William Taber Parker. 

94, Charles L. Walters. 
94. Richard Borden. 

David D. Denise. 
Charles A. Francis. 
George B. Snyder. 
98, Alfred Walling, Jr. 
97, William H. Reid. 
97, Oliver H. Brown. 
97, Daniel E. Van Wickle. 
98, 99, Joseph L. Butcher. 
98, 99, Joseph C. Heyer. 
98, 99, B. Drummond Woolley. 
1900, 01, Charles R. Snyder. 
1900, 01, Sam'l W. Kirkbride. 
1900, 01. William Hyres. 
02, William T. HofTmnn. 

02, Somers T. Champion. 

03, John A. Howland. 

04, Charles F. McDonald. 
04, Amzl M. Posten. 



71 



73, 



76, 



78, 
79, 
79, 
80, 

81, 

82, 
83, 
83, 

84, 



90, 
90, 
90, 
92, 
92, 



94, 
95, 
95, 



95, 



02, 
03, 
03, 



•Died in office. 



208 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 





04, 


05, 


06, 


05, 


06, 


05, 


06, 




07, 




07, 




07, 




08, 




08, 




08, 


09. 


10. 


09, 


10, 




45, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 


46, 


47, 




47, 




47, 




47, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 


48, 


49, 




50. 




50, 




50, 




50, 




51, 




51, 




51. 


51. 


52. 


52, 


53, 


52, 


53. 


52, 


53, 




53, 




54, 


54, 


55, 


54, 


55, 


54, 


55, 


55, 


56, 




56, 


56, 


57, 


56, 


57, 


57, 


58, 


57, 


58, 


58, 


59, 



William F. Lefferson. 
Edgar I. VanderVeer. 
Walter S. Reed. 
George C. Henry. 
Isaac B. Davison. 
T. Nelson Llllagore. 
Frank J. Manson. 
Wilbert A. Beecroft. 
David E. Tantum, 
Jobn W. Keough. 
Joseph D. Bedle. 
Monroe V . Poole. 



09, 10, Peter Vredenburgh. 
11, Jas. A. Hendrlckson. 

11, 12, 16, 17, Elmer H. Gerau. 
11, 12, 13, "Leon K. Taylor. 
13, 14, William B. Mount. 

14, William Winans. 
15—17, Harry G. Van Note. 

15, John Thomson. 
18, 19, T. Llovrt Lewis. 
18—20, Dallas G. Young. 

20, Richard W. Stout. 



Morris County. 



58, 59, 
59, 

59, 60, 
60, 

60—62, 

60—62, 

61, 

61, 62, 

62, 63, 



Timothy Kltchel. 
Matthias Kltchel. 
Henry Seward. 
George H. Thompson. 
Calvin Howell. 
Richard Lewis. 
Charles McFarland. 
Samuel Hilts. 
Andrew L Smith. 
David T. Cooper. 
Samuel Van Ness. 
Edward W. Whelpley. 
John L. Kanouse. 
Andrew Cobb. 
Freeman Wood. 
George H. Thompson. 
Horace Chamberlain. 
Jonathan P. Bartley. 
Joslah Meeker. 
Cornelius B. Doremus. 
C. S. Dlckerson. 
John D. Jackson. 
Robert Albright. 
John L. Kanouse. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
William P. Conkling. 
William Logan. 
Aaron Pitney. 
Edward Howell. 
Wm. M. Muchmore. 
William A. Carr. 
Daniel Budd. 
Benjamin M. Felch. 
Richard Speer. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
John Naughrlght. 
A. H. Stansborough. 
James H. Ball. 
Eugene Ayres. 
Nelson H. Drake. 
Nathan Horton. 
William W. Beach. 
John Hill. 
Jacob Vanatta. 



63, 
63—65, 

64, 
64, 65, 

65, 

66, 
66, 67, 
66, 67, 

67, 



68—70, 
69, 70, 
69, 70, 
71, 72, 
71, 72, 
71—73, 
73, 74, 
73, 74, 
74—76, 
75, 76, 
75, 76, 



77, 78, 

78, 

78, 

79, 80, 

79, 80. 

79, 80, 
81. 82. 
81, 82, 
81, 82, 
83, 84, 
83, 84, 
83—85, 
85, 86, 

85, 86, 

86, 87, 

87, 88, 

87, 88, 

88, 89, 

80, 90, 

89, 90, 



William J. Wood. 
Jesse Hoffman. 
Henry C. Sanders. 
John Bates. 
Alfred M. Treadwell. 
John Hill. 
James C. Yawger. 
Ellas M. White. 
Lewis Estler. 
Daniel Coghlan. 
George Gage. 
Jesse M. Sharp. 
Theodore W. Phoenix. 
Columbus Beach. 
Nathaniel Nlles. 
W. B. Lefevre. 
August C. Canfleld. 
W. H. Howell. 
Jacob Z. Budd. 
Ellas M. Skelllnger. 
James C. Youngblood. 
Edmund D. Ilalsey. 
Abm. C. Van Duyne. 
♦•Cummins O. Cooper. 
C. P. Garrabrant. 
Francis J. Doremus. 
Joshua S. Salmon. 
Charles F. Axtell. 
James H. Bruen. 
Hollosvay W. Hunt. 
William C. Johnson. 
91, 92, John F. Post. 
Oscar Llndsley. 
James H. Neighbour. 
Amzi F. Weaver. 
George W. Jenklne. 
John Seward Wills. 
Ellas C. Drake. 
John Norwood. 
Samuel S. Lyon. 
John R. "->ltney. 
Carnot B. Meeker. 
John Norrls. 
William S. Nauright. 



•Became Acting Governor in '13. 

•♦In 1878, Cummins O. Cooper was unseated by Joshua S. 
Salmon. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



209 



90, 91, Jas. Preston Albright. 06, 07, 

91, 92, Ford D. Smith. 07, 08, 
93, Thomas J. O'Brien. 08, 09, 
93, Sylvester Utter. 09, 10, 

94, 95, Charles A. Baker. 10, 12, 

94, 95, William C. Bates. 11, 

96, 97, Charles F. Hopkins. n, 

96, 97, Joseph B. Rlgbter. 12, 

98, 90, George E. Poole. 13, 

98—1900, Jacob W. Welsh. 13, 

1900, 01, Samuel L. Garrison. 14 — 16, 

01, 02. Chas. R. Whitehead. 14 — 16, 

William T. Brown. 17, IS, 

04, Thomas J. Illllery. 17, 18, 

Charles A. Baker. 19, 20, 

John M. Mills. 20, 



02, 


03, 


03, 


04, 


04, 


05, 


05, 


06, 


51- 


-53, 




54, 


55, 


56, 


57- 


-59, 




60, 




61, 




62. 




63, 


64, 


65, 


66, 


67, 


68, 


69, 


70, 


71, 




72, 




73, 




74, 


75, 


87. 




76, 




77. 


78—80. 




81, 


45, 


46, 


45, 


46, 




47, 


47, 


48, 




48, 




49, 


49, 


50, 


50, 


51, 


51, 


52, 


52, 


54, 




52, 




53, 




53, 


53, 


54, 




54, 




55, 




55, 


55, 


56, 




56. 


56—58, 




57, 




57. 



Richard J. Chaplin. 
Henry W. Buxton. 
James A. Lyon. 
Oscar B. Smith. 
William F. Birch. 
Albert Bunn. 
Eugene S. Burke. 
Joseph G. Willis. 
James J. Lyons. 
Edward D. Neighbour. 
19. George W. Downs. 
Harry W. Mutchler. 
Jacob J. Vreeland. 
Arthur Whitney. 
David Young. 
Fletcher L. Fritts. 



Ocean County. 



Joel Haywood. 
A. O. S. Havens. 
William F. Brown. 
Edwin Salter. 
Thomas W. Ivins. 
Charles H. Applegate. 
Ephraim Emson. 
Edwin Salter. 
Jacob Blrdsall. 
Job Edwarls. 
G. W. Cowperthwaite. 
Albert M. Bradshaw. 
Richard B. Parker. 
John S. Shultze. 
Edward M. Lonan. 
88. 89, J. S. Goble. 
Ephraim P. Emson. 
Isaac A. Van Hise. 
Rufus Blodgett. 
William H. Bennett. 



82, Clifford Horner. 

83, George T. Cranmer. 

84, Augustus W. Irons. 
85, 86, George G. Smith. 
90—92, Adolph Ernst. 

93, 94, John T. Burton. 
95, 96, Abraham Lower. 
97, 98, Roderick A. Clark. 
99—1901, Courtney C. Carr. 

02, George W. Ilolraan. Jr. 

03, William J. Harrison. 
04, 05, Cornelius C. Pearce. 

06, George C. Warren. 

07, Samuel S. Taylor. 
08, 09, 10, BenJ. H. Crosby. 
11, 12, Harry E. Newman. 
13—16, David G. Conrad. 

17 — 19, Harry T. Hagaman. 
20, Woodburn S. Cranmer. 



Passaic County. 



George W. Colfax. 
Chlleon F. De Camp. 
Abm. Prall. 

Henry M. Van Ness. 59- 
John M. Demarest. 

Oscar Decker. 60, 

C. S. Van Wagoner. 61, 

Thomas D. Iloxsey. 62- 

Benjamin Geroe. 62- 
John L. Laroe. 

J. S. Fayerweather. 63, 

J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 63, 

Cornelius Van Winkle. 64, 

Philip Raflerty. 65, 

Charles H. May. 65, 
William C. Stratton. 

William M. Morrell. 67, 

John Schoonmaker. 67, 

Peter II. Whrltenor. 68, 

BenJ. Buckley. 69, 

John J. Brown. 69, 
James B. Beam. 



58, 

58, 59, 

59, 

59—61, 

60, 

60, 61, 

62, 

-66, 

-66, 

63, 

64, 

64, 

65, 

66. 



Patrick Magennls. 
Richard Van Houteo. 
Joel M. Johnson. 
Samuel Pope. 
Isaac Stagg. 
Isaac P. Cooley. 
Socrates Tuttle. 
John N. Terliune. 
Chandler D. Norton. 
Samuel Pope. 
Joseph N. Taylor. 
Charles F. Johnson. 
Aaron Klnter. 
Garret Van Wagoner. 
Isaac D. Blauvelt. 
E. A. Stansbury. 
David Henry. 
Joseph R. Baldwin. 
A. A. Van Voorhees. 
Hugh Reid. 
72, C. Hemmlngway. 
Henry Hobbs. 



210 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 





70, 


71. 


72, 


71, 


78, 


72, 


73, 




73. 


73, 


74, 


74, 


75, 


74, 


75. 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 


76, 


77, 




78, 


78, 


79, 


79. 


80, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 




81, 




82, 


82, 


83. 


82, 


83, 


82- 


-85, 


83, 


84, 




84, 




84, 


85, 


86, 


85, 


86, 


85, 


86. 




86. 


87, 


88. 




87, 




87, 


87, 


88, 




88, 




88, 




89, 




89, 




89, 




90. 


90, 


91, 


no. 


91, 


90, 


91, 




91, 




92. 


92, 


93, 


92, 


93, 


93, 


94, 




94, 




94, 




95, 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96, 


95, 


96, 


9&-98, 




97. 




97, 


98, 


99, 




45, 




45, 




45, 




46, 




46. 



Charles P. Gurnee. 
75, Robert M. Torbet. 
79, John O'Brien. 
Henry McDanoIds. 
George Barnes. 
Garret A. Hobart. 
David Henry. 
John P. Zeluff. 
John W. Griggs. 
.Tohn Sanderson. 
Jos. L. Cunningham. 
John Kennell. 
John H. Robinson. 
George W. Conkling. 
Robert B. Morehead. 
Thomas B. Vreeland. 
Jacob Latus. 
Joseph A. Greaves. 
Patrick H. Shields. 
William F. Gaston. 
92, 93, 94, Thos. Flynn. 
Clark W. Mills. 
William Prall. 
Cornelius A. Cadmus. 
John Scheele. 
De Witt C. Bolton. 
George H. Lovf. 
William B. Gourley. 
George Law. 
John Donohue. 
Robert A. Carroll. 
89, James Ke.vs. 
James H. Rogers. 
Eugene Emley. 
John I. Holt. 
Chas. T. Woodward. 
William W. Welch. 
Thomas McCran. 
John King. 
John F. Kerr. 
Robert Williams. 
Richard Carroll. 
James Parker. 
Frank Gledhill. 
John F. Smith. 
John I. Holt. 
John M^Kelvey. 
William I. Lewis. 
Samuel Frederick. 
James Robertson. 
Samuel Bullock. 
97, 99, 1900, John King, 
Henry W. Gledhill. 
Frank Atherton. 
Phlneas Bridge. 
Wood McKee. 



98, 99, 

98, 

99—01, 

1900, 

00—03, 

01, 02, 
01—03, 

02, 

02, 03, 
03, 

03—05, 

04, 

04, 05, 

04, 05, 

05, 06, 

05, 06. 
00, 

06, 08, 
06, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 
07, 

08, 09, 



08, 09, 
08, 

09, 10, 
09, 

10, 11, 
10, 11, 

11, 

12, 

12, 

13, 

13, 

13, 

13, 

13. 

14. 15. 

14—17. 

14, 15, 

14-16, 

14—17, 

16, 

16. 

17. 

17—20, 

17—20, 

18. 19, 

18—20, 

18. 

10, 20, 

20, 



.Tohn W. Sturr. 
John Donohue. 
Vivian M. Lewis. 
Richard Berry. 
Edmund G. Stalter. 
Wm. B. Davidson. 
Hiram Keasler. 
Raymond Bogert. 
04, F. W. Van Blarcom. 
Anton L. Pettersen. 
George II. Dalrymple. 
Jacob De Lazier. 
Ernest Shaw. 
10, 11, Thos. R, Layden. 
George F. Wright. 
Henry Marelli. 
Arthur M. Smethurst. 

09, John D. Prince. 
Colin R. Wise. 
William A. Merz. 
Abram Klenert. 
Frank A. Pawelskl. 
Henry J. Earle. 
John D. Van Blarcom. 

10, 11, 12, 

Amos H. Radcliffe 
Samuel McCoid. 
William B. Burpo. 
Henry C. Whitehead. 
Edward T. Moore. 
James G. Blauvelt. 
12, Thomas F. McCran. 
12, Leonard Pikaart. 
Arthur P. Jackson. 
William W. Watson. 
G. H. Vermuelen. 
Robert F. Buckley. 
James E. Kerwin. 
Robert A. Roe- 
James Matthe%vs. 
Joseph A. Delaney. 
William J. Barbour. 
George 11. Dalrymple. 
William Hughes. 
John Hunter. 
Edmund B. Randall. 
John H. Adamson. 
Josiah Dadley. 
Clinton D. Ackerman. 
Henry G. Ilershfleld. 
Fred J. Tattersall. 
Thomas Foxlmll, Jr. 
William R. Rogers. 
Albin Smith. 
William AV. Evans. 
Grover P. Heinzmann. 



David Wiley. 
Isaiah Conklyn. 
Robert Hewitt. 
Ephraim Carel. 
Charles Bllderback 



Salem County. 

46, George Remster. 

47, Joseph M. Springer. 

47. .Tames Vanmeter. 
47, 48, Joseph Foster. 

48, Benj, F. McCollister. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



211 



48, 
49, 
49, 
49, 
50, 
50, 
50, 
51, 
51, 
51, 
52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 
55, 
55, 
56, 
56, 
57, 

57—59, 

58, 59, 
60, 

60, 61, 
61, 
62, 
62, 
63. 

63, 64, 
64, 
65, 

65, 66, 

66, 67. 
67, 



45, 

45, 

45, 

46, 

46, 47, 

46, 

47—49, 

47-^9, 

48—50, 

50, 

50. 51. 
51. 

51, 52, 
52, 

53, 54, 
54—56, 

55, 
56, 57, 

57, 
58, 59, 
58, 59, 
60, 61, 
61—63, 



Joseph R. Chew. 
James H. Trenchard. 
Isaac Lipplncott. 
John Fowler. 
Charles B. Newell. 
David Slthens. 
Benjamin Remster. 
Smith Bilderback. 
Charles Benner. 
Harman Rlohnian. 
Jacob Hitchner. 
John C. Lummls. 
Nathaniel G. Swing. 
John Blackwood. 
Isaiah D. Clawson. 
Richard Grier. 
Joshua Thompson. 
John Harris. 
Joseph Kille. 
Samuel Plummet. 
William Beckett. 
Thomas B. Jones. 
Alfred SImpkins. 
Samuel Ilabermayer. 
Joshua Lipplncott. 
Owpn Ij. Jones. 
William P. Somers. 
Samuel D. Miller. 
Joseph Waddington. 
Joseph W. Cooper. 
William N. Hancock. 
William Callahan. 
A. M. P. V. H. Dickeson. 
Samuel Garrison. 
John S. Newell. 
Henry M. Wright. 
Andrew S. Reeves. 



09, 70, Charles F. H. Gray. 

70, David Evans. 

71, John W. Dickinson. 

71, John Hitchner. 

72, Smith Hewitt. 

72, 73, Daniel P. Darrell. 

73, 74, William Iszard. 

74, 75, William B. Carpenter. 

75, Charles P. Swing. 

76, Richard Coles. 
76 — 78, Quinton Keasbey. 

77, John S. Elwell. 

78, William C. Kates. 
79—81, Henry Barber. 
79—81, John T. Garwood. 
82-84, Henry Combs. 

85, 86, Joseph D. Whitaker 

87, William Newell. 

88, Millard F. Riley. 
89, 90, John C. Ward. 
91, 92, James Strimple. 
93, 94, William Diver. 

95, 96, Charles W. Powers. 
97, 98, Joseph B. Crlspen. 

99, Frank Wright. 
1900, 01, Henry J. Blohm. 

02, John Tyler. 

03, Ephraim C. Harris. 
04—06, Thomas B. Hunt. 

07, 08, 10, Samuel A. RIdgway. 

09, John D. Schade. 

11, Chas. L. Richmond. 
12, 13, Isaac S. Smiek. 

14, William M. Wheatley. 
15 — 17, Lemuel H. Greenwood. 
18, 19, Charles B. Robinson, Sr. 

20, William S. Stiles. 



Somerset County. 



Peter Voorhees. 
Samuel Reynolds. 
Peter Kline. 
James B. Elmendorf. 
Peter T. Beekman. 
Jonathan Cory. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
F. V. D. Voorhees. 
John M. Wyckoff. 
Samuel S. Doty. 
53, John De Mott. 
Frederick D. Brokaw. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Michael R. Nevlus. 
John H. Anderson. 
John S. Hoagland. 
Alvah Lewis. 
Cornelius M. Schomp. 
Cornelius N. Allen. 
Nehemlah V. Steele. 
60, Elisha B. Wood. 
70, J. W. Arrowsmith. 
John G. Schenck. 



62. 


63. 


64. 


65. 


64, 


65, 


66, 


67. 




67. 




68. 


68, 


69, 


69- 


-71, 




71, 


72, 


73, 


72, 


73, 


74, 


75. 


75—77. 


76. 


77. 


78—80. 


78-80. 




81, 


81, 


82, 


83, 


84, 


85, 


86, 




87, 




88, 


89, 


90, 



John M. Mann. 
Daniel Corey. 
66, Rynler A. Staats. 
Ralph Davenport. 
Peter A. Voorhees. 
Abraham T. Huff. 
John J. Bergen. 
John R. Staats. 
James Doty. 
David D. Smalley. 
74, Jno. G. Schenck. 
William P. Sutphin. 
Joseph H. Voorhees. 
91, 92, Jas. J. Bergen. 
John Rlngelmann. 
J. Newton Voorhees. 
John L. Oakey. 
William A. Schomp. 
Cornelius S. Hoffman. 
John Vetterlein. 
George E. Pace. 
Oscar Conkllng. 
Jacob Klotz. 



212 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



93, George H. Cramer. 

94, 95, Frauk W. Somers. 

96, Charles A. Eeed. 

97, 98, Peter V. D. Van Doren. 
99, 1900, Edward E. Cooper. 

0], 02, Henry W. Iloagland. 

03, 04, Sam'l S. Swackhamer. 

05, 06, Irving Hoagland. 



07, 08, 09, 10, Wm. W. Smalley. 

11, Geo. M. La Monte. 

12, William de La Roche 

Anderson. 
13, 14, Azariah M. Beekinan. 
15, 16, Ogden IL Hammond. 
17 — 19, John S. Amerman. 
20, David Hastings. 



Sussex County. 





45, 


Absalom Dunning. 


63, 64, 


Robert Hamilton. 




45, 


Jesse Bell.. 


65, 


Samuel Fowler. 




45, 


Timothy H. Cook. 


65—67, 


William M. Iliff. 




46, 


Juhn Hunt. 


66, 67, 


73, 74, F. M. Ward. 


46, 


47, 


Peter Young. 


68—70, 


Hiram C. Clark. 


46—48, 


Thos. D. Armstrong. 


68—70, 


Samuel H. Hunt. 


47— 19, 


Peter Hoyt. 


"1, 


Peter Smith. 


48- 


-50, 


Jacob Hornbeck, Jr. 


71, 72, 


Lebbeus Martin. 




49, 


Martin Ryerson. 


75, 76, 


William Owen. 


50, 


51, 


Guy Price. 


77, 78, 


George Greer. 


50, 


51, 


William Simonson. 


79—81, 


Lewis J. Martin. 




51, 


Daniel D. Decker. 


82—84, 


William E. Ross. 




52, 


George W. Collver. 


85—87, 


Horatio N. Kinney. 


52- 


-54, 


Timothy E. Shay. 


88—90, 


Andrew J. Bale. 


52, 


55, 


Aaron K. Stinson. 


91—93, 


Jacob Swartwout. 


53, 


54, 


Benjamin Hamilton. 


94—96, 


William P. Coursen. 


53, 


54, 


Luther Hill. 


97, 


Horace E. Rude. 




55, 


James L. Decker. 


98, 99, 


1900, Elvin E. Smith. 


55- 


-57. 


Daniel D. Gould. 


1901, 


Theodore M. Roe. 


56—58, 


William Smith. 


02, 03, 


04, Lewis S. Iliff. 


56—58, 


John W. Opdyke. 


05, 


Vacancy.* 




58, 


Sanford McKeeby. 


06—08, 


Levi H. Morris. 


59, 


60. 


Martin Cole. 


09, 10, 


11, 12, Chas. A. Meyer. 


59, 


60, 


61, Charles Mackerly. 


13, 14, 


15, Henry T. Kays. 


59, 


60, 


61, Daniel D. Decker. 


16, 


Edward Ackerson. 




61, 


William Price. 


17, 18, 


Philip S. Wilson. 




62, 


Thomas N. McCarter. 


19, 


Harold M. Simpson. 


62- 


-64, 


William H. Bell. 


20, 


Hugh C. Baldwin. 



Union County. 



58, Benjamin M. Price. 

58, Carmon Parse. 

59, William Stiles. 72- 

59, 60, Elston Marsh. 72, 

60, 61, David Mulford. 

61, Israel O. Ma.vwell. 74, 

62, John J. High. 74, 
P.2, 03, Samuel L. Moore. 76, 

63, 64, Noah Woodruff. 76, 

64, 65, Philip Dougherty. 76- 

65, Joseph T. Crowell. 

66, John R. Crane. 78- 

66, Thomas J. Lee. 79, 

67, A. M. W. Ball. 79- 
67, Enos W. Runyon. 81, 

68, 69, John H. Whelan. 81- 

68, 69, DeWitt C. Hough. 83, 

70, Albert A. Drake. 83, 

70. 71, 75, Ferd. Blancke. 



71, .Joseph W. Yates. 

72, Andrew Dutcher. 
-74, William McKinley. 

73, John II. Lufberry. 
73, Jabez B. Cooley. 
75, William H. GilL 
75, Ellas R. Pope. 
77, Moses F. Gary. 

77, Benjamin A. Vail. 
-78, Jolm Egan. 

78, Joseph B. Coward. 
-80, George M. Stiles. 

80, Philip II. Vernon. 

-82, John T. Dunn. 

82, George T. Parrott. 

-83, Frank L. Sheldon. 

84, Edward J. Byrnes. 

84, Asa T. Woodruff. 

84, DeWitt C. Hough. 



•Jackson R. 
of Legislature. 



Decker was elected, but died before meeting 



ASSEIVIBLYMEN. 



213 



85, Jacob Kirkner. 

85, 86, Peter L. Hughes. 
85—87, William H. Corbin. 

86, 87, Wrn. Chnmberlaiu. 

87, 88, John J. ^latthews. 
S8 — 90, Foster M. Voorhees. 
88—90, John Ulrich. 

89, 90, Frederick C. Marsh. 

91, 92, John Carroll. 

91 — 93, George Kyte. 

91—93. Th'>aias F. Lane. 

9.3, Timothy M. Kelly. 

94, 95, John N. Burger. 

94, 95, Joseph Cross. 

94, 95, Charles N. Cockling. 

96, 97, Henry Clauss. 

96, 97, J. Martin Roll. 

96, 97, William R. Codington. 

98, 99, George A. Squire. 

98, 99, Roger F. Murray. 

98, 99, Robert G. Houston. 
1900, 01, Ellis R. Meeker. 
inOO, 01, Chester M. Smith. 
1900, 01, Cliarles S. Foote. 

02, Frederick Miller. 

02, 03, William Newcorn. 



02, 03, William F. Hall. 

03, 05, Edward S. Coyne. 
04, Charles L. MoCfett. 
04, Joseph T. Hague. 
04, Joseph H. Gunn. 

05—07, Peter Tillman. 

05—07. *Ran(lolph Perkins. 

06, Everard K. Tucker. 

07, 08, John R. Moxon. 

08, 09, 10, Carlton B. Pierce. 

08, 09, Albert F. Kirstein. 

09, 10, Augustus W. Schwartz. 

10, 11, Lloyd Thompson. 

11, Calvin E. Brodhead. 

11, 13, IT. J. McLaughlin. 

12, William F. Groves. 
12. George C. Otto. 

12, George L. Babcock. 

13, 14, William A. Leouard. 

13, 14, John J. Griffin. 

14, Francis V. Dobbins. 

1.5 — 17, William N. Runyon. 

15 — 19, Charles L. :Morgan. 

15 — 20, Arthur N. Piorson. 

18 — 20, Arthur E. Wjirncr. 

20, Sidnev W. Eldridge. 



U'arren 



45, 

45, 
45, 46, 
46^8, 
46—48, 
47—49, 
49—51, 
49—51, 
50, 51, 

52, 
52—54, 
52—54, 
54—56. 
55—57, 
55—57, 
57—59, 

58, 
58, 59, 
59—61, 

60, 
60—62, 
61, 63, 
62—64, 
6.3—65, 
64—66, 
65, 66, 
66—68, 
67, 68, 
67—69, 
, 69—71, 
69—71, 
70—72, 



Abram Wildrick. 
Stephen Warne. 
Robert C. Caskey. 
Jonathan Shotwell. 
Amos H. Drake. 
Samuel Mayberry. 
Andrevf Rlbble. 
Benjamin Frltts. 
53, John Loller. 
John Cllne. 
John Sherrer. 
David V. C. Crate. 
George H. Beatty. 
Archibald Osborn. 
John White. 
Isaac Leida. 
Abm. S. Van Horn. 
William Felt. 
Robert Rusling. 
Philip Shoemaker. 
John C. Bennett. 
David Smith. 
William W. Strader. 
Elijah Allen. 
Charles G. IToagland. 
Silas Yonng. 
Andrew J. Fulmer. 
John N. Glvens. 
Nelson VHet. 
Absalom B. Pursell. 
Caleb H. Valentine. 
William Silvertliorn. 



County. 

72—74. Valentine Mutchler. 

73 — 75. Joseph Anderson. 

75. John M. Wyckoff. 

76. William Carpenter. 
76—78. Ellas J. Mackey. 
77—79, Silas W. De Witt. 

79 — 81, Coursen H. Albertson. 

80—82, William Frltts. 

82, Robert Bond. 

83—85, Stephen C. Larison. 

83-85, Isaac Wildrick. 

86, Thomas L. Titus. 

86, 87, William M. Balrd. 

87 — 89, Samuel B. Mutchler. 

88 — 91, Eliphalet Hoover. 

90—92, Daniel W. Hagerty. 

92—94, L. Milton Wilson. 

93, Richard H. Sheppard. 

94, 95, Samuel V. Davis. 

95. George W. Smith. 

96—98, Alfred L. Flummerfelt. 

96—98. William K. Bowers. 
99—1901, Hiram D. White. 
99—1901, Jacob B. Smith. 

02, Wllll.nm R. Lalre. 

0.3—05, John A. Wildrick. 

06—08, Josepli H. Firth. 

09, Harry B. Moon. 

10, 11. George B. Cole. 

12. 13, 14. Henry O. Carhart. 

15 — IS. Alonzo D. Herriok. 

19, 20. Thomas A. Shields. 



•Elected to fill vacancy caused by death of George H. Embree 
In 1905. 



114 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

Population by 3Iinor Civil Divisions, 1920, 1915, 1910, 
Official. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 



1920 

Absecon City 702 

Atlantic City 50.707 

Ward 1 13,497 

Ward 2 9.833 

Ward 3 11.028 

Ward 4 16,349 

Buena Vista Township 3,647 

East Atlantic City 12 

Egg Harbor City" 2,622 

Egg Harbor Township 1.360 

Folsom Borough 217 

Gallaway Township 2.115 

Hamilton Township 2.406 

Hammonton Town 6,417 

Linwood Borough 638 

Liongport Borough 100 

Margate City 249 

Mullica Township 1.166 

Northfield City 1.127 

Pleasantville City 5,887 

Ward 1 3.184 

Ward 2 2,703 

Port Republic City 340 

Somers Point City 843 

Ventnor City 2.193 

Weymouth Township 1,166 



1915 

870 

51.667 



1910 

781 

46,150 



3,599 


2,723 


20 


67 


2.416 


2.181 


1.856 


1.110 


266 


232 


2,115 


1,976 


2.432 


2.271 


5,896 


5.088 


610 


602 


143 


118 


291 


129 


967 


811 


968 


866 


4,863 


4,390 


422 


405 


790 


604 


1.676 


491 


973 


899 



83,914 82.840 71,894 



BERGEN COUNTY, 



Allendale Borough ... 

Alpine Borough 

Berg-enfield Borough . , 

Bogota Borough 

Carlstadt Borough . . . . 
Cliflfside Park Borough 

Closter Borough , 

Cresskill Borough .... 

Delford Borough 

Demarest Borough . . . , 



1,165 


1.121 


937 


350 


533 


377 


3,667 


2.924 


1.991 


3,906 


2.341 


1.125 


4.472 


4.137 


3,807 


5,709 


4. 778 


3,394 


1.840 


1.735 


1,483 


942 


922 


550 


1.286 


1.244 


1,005 


654 


588 


560 



1915 

2,278 


1910 
1,783 


4,576 

3,150 

906 

11,071 


4,275 

2,655 

767 

9,924 



532 


410 


4,016 


2,441 


5,288 


4,472 


2.238 


1,954 


15,455 


10,213 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 215 

1920 

Dumont Borough 2,537 

East Paterson Borough 2,441 

East Rutherford Borough 5,463 

Edgewater Borough 3,530 

Emersou Borough 973 

Englewood City 11,627 

Ward 1 1,806 

Ward 2 2,211 

Ward 3 3,963 

Ward 4 3,647 

Englewood Cliffs Borough .... 594 

Fairview Boroug-h 4,882 

Fort Lee Borough 5,761 

Franklin Township 1,671 

Garfield City 19,381 

Ward 1 5,111 

Ward 2 4.499 

Ward 3 5,117 

Ward 4 4,654 

Glen Rock Borough 2,181 1.689 1,055 

Hackensack Town* 17,667 15,856 14,050 

Ward 1 5,884 

Ward 2 3.364 

Ward 3 3,061 

Ward 4 3,374 

Ward 5 1,984 

Harrington Park Borough .... 627 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough . . 2,895 

Haworth Borough 748 

Hillsdale Township 1,720 

Hohokus Borough 586 

Hohokus Township 2.081 

Leonia Borough 2,979 

Little Ferry Borough 2,715 

Lodi Borough 8,175 

Lodi Township 987 

Lyndhurst Township 9,515 

(Formerly Union.) 

Maywood Borough 1,618 

Midland Township 2,203 

Midland Park Borough 2,243 

Montvale Borough 779 

Moonachie Borough 1,194 

North Arlington Boroug-h .... 1,767 

Northvale Boroug-hf 827 

Norwood Borough 820 

Oakland Borough 497 



551 


377 


2.424 


2,155 


733 


588 


1.444 


1,072 


561 


488 


2,428 


1,881 


2,132 


1.486 


2.729 


2.541 


6,379 


4.138 


904 


693 


7,299 


4,076 


1.309 


880 


1.884 


1,480 


2.130 


2.001 


728 


522 


993 


638 


1.079 


487 


785 


588 


680 


564 


628 


568 



♦Hackensack Town coextensive with New Barhadoes Town- 
ship. 

tFormerly Harrington Township. 



216 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



Old Tappan Borough 

Palisades Township 

Palisades Park Borough 

Park Ridge Borough 

Ramsey Borough 

Ridgefield Borough 

Ridgefield Park Village, coexten- 
sive with Overpeck Township. 

Ridgewood Village, coextensive 
with Ridgewood Township. . 

Riverside Borough 

Rivervale Township 

Rutherford Borough 

Saddle River Borough 

Saddle River Township 

Teaneck Township 

Tenafl.v Borough 

Teterboro Borough 

Upper Saddle River Borough . . . 

Waldwick Borough*^ 

Wallington Borough 

Washington Township 

Westwood Borough 

Woodcliff Lake Borough 

Wood ridge Borough 



1920 


1915 


1910 


404 


323 


305 


1.7G8 


1,592 


1,141 


2,633 


2.264 


1.411 


1,481 


1,643 


1,401 


2.000 


1.973 


1.667 


1.560 


1,187 


966 



7.000 



4.512 



7.580 


6.729 


5.416 


1,077 


949 


736 


583 


530 


450 


9.497 


8.347 


7,045 


506 


555 


483 


2.845 


4,014 


3,047 


4,192 


3.254 


2,082 


5,650 


2,999 


2.756 


24 







251 


364 


273 


1.296 


1.167 


970 


5.715 


4.071 


3.448 


194 


218 


100 


2.597 


2,217 


1.870 


587 


522 


470 


1,923 


1,500 


1.043 



210,703 178,596 138,002 



BURLINGTON COUNTY, 



Bass River Township 

Beverly City 

Beverly Township 

Bordentown City 

Bordentown Township 

Burlington City 

Ward 1 1,444 

Ward 2 2.318 

Ward 3 2.529 

Ward 4 2,758 

Burliington Township 

Chester Township 

Chesterfield Township 

Cinnaminson Township 

Delran Township 

Easthampton Township 



612 


735 


685 


2.562 


2.450 


2,140 


2.794 


2.719 


2,337 


4.371 


4.095 


4,250 


596 


.529 


608 


9.049 


9.044 


8,336 



1.520 


1.424 


1.220 


7.273 


6.061 


5.069 


1.133 


1.228 


1.130 


1.587 


1.585 


1.266 


1,475 


1,409 


1.031 


539 


486 


508 



'Formerly Orvil Township. 



NEW JERSEY CEXSL'S. 217 



Evesham Township 

Fieldsboro Borough 

Florence Township 

fjiimberton Township 

Mansfield Township 

Medford Township 

Mount Laurel Township . . . 
New Hanover Township . . . 
North Hanover Township . 
Northampton Township* . . 

Palmyra Township 

Pembcrton Borough 

Pemberton Township 

Riverside Township 

Riverton Boroua:h 

Shamong Township 

Southampton Township .... 

Springfield Township 

Tabernacle Township 

Washington Township .... 
^Y('sthampton Township . . . 

Willingboro Township 

Woodland Township 

Wrightstown Borough f . . . 

81,770 74J37 66,505 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

Audubon Borough 4.740 3,009 1,343 

Barrington Borough 1.833 

Berlin Township 2.003 2.076 1.611 

Camden City 116.309 102.215 94,538 

Ward 1 7.342 

Ward 2 7,444 

Ward 3 5.759 

Ward 4 4.840 

Ward 5 8,381 

Ward 6 7.894 

Ward 7 10.929 

Ward 8 15.839 

Ward 9 7,258 

Ward 10 9,616 

Ward 11 8,421 

Ward 12 8.886 

Ward 13 13,700 

Center Township 4,004 3,710 3,200 

♦Includes Mount Holly, unincorporated. 

t Includes population (5,018) of Camp Dix. 



1920 


1915 


1910 


1,284 


1.396 


1.40S 


530 


510 


480 


7,100 


0,240 


4,731 


1.571 


1.854 


1.768 


1.517 


1.597 


1.526 


1.891 


1.978 


1.903 


1.657 


1.730 


1.573 


586 


932 


948 


651 


692 


696 


5.901 


5,657 


5,652 


3.834 


3.295 


2,801 


800 


793 


797 


1.444 


1.805 


1,079 


6.018 


5,465 


4,011 


2,341 


2.141 


1.788 


414 


500 


483 


1.641 


1.848 


1.778 


1,223 


1.329 


1,278 


431 


479 


487 


500 


672 


597 


478 


612 


504 


601 


703 


562 


548 


678 


475 


5,288 







218 NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

1920 

Chesilhurst Borough 287 

Clementon Township 3,491 

Collingswood Borough 8,714 

Delaware Township 2,331 

Gloucester City 12,162 

Ward 1 4,834 

Ward 2 7,328 

Gloucester Township 3,097 

Haddon Township 2,708 

Haddon Heights Borough 2,950 

Haddonfield Borough 5,646 

Laurel Springs Borough 911 

Magnolia Borough 1,245 

Merchantville Borough 2,749 

Oaklyn Borough 1,148 

Pensauken Township 6,474 

Voorhees township 1,305 

Waterford Township 1,917 

Winslow Township 3,379 

Woodlynne Borough 1,515 



1915 


1910 


314 


246 


2.605 


2,794 


6,600 


4,795 


2,227 


1,706 


10,554 


9,462 


2,764 


2,380 


2,082 


1,465 


2,297 


1,452 


5,077 


4,142 


791 




977 




2,242 


1,996 


793 


653 


5,213 


4,169 


1,330 


1,174 


1,936 


1,484 


3,531 


2.919 


878 


500 



190,508 163,221 142,029 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

Avalon Borough 

Cape May City 

Cape May Point Borough . . 

Dennis Township 

Lower Township 

Middle Township 

North Wildwood Borough . 

Ocean City 

Sea Isle City 

South Cape May Borough . . 
Stone Harbor Borough .... 

Upper Township 

West Cape May Borough . . 

Wildwood City 

Wildwood Crest Borough . . 

Woodbine Borough 

Holly Beach Borough 

Wildwood Borough 

19,460 24,407 19,745 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

Bridgeton City 14,323 13,611 14,209 

Ward 1 2,313 

Ward 2 3,502 



197 


323 


230 


2,999 


2.513 


2,471 


121 


170 


162 


1,639 


1,804 


1,751 


1,096 


1,271 


1,188 


2,760 


3,383 


2,974 


807 


1,088 


833 


2,512 


3.721 


1,950 


564 


955 


551 


10 


19 


7 


159 


459 




1,272 


1,589 


1,483 


967 


1,068 


844 


2,790 


3,858 





161 


317 


103 


1,406 


1,869 


2,399 
1,901 







898 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 219 

1920 1915 1910 

Ward 3 3,372 

Ward 4 3,200 

Ward 5 1,93G 

Commercial Township 2,292 

Deerfield Township 3,153 

Downe Township 1,322 

Fairfield Township 1,514 

Greenwich To^Tiship 966 

Hopewell Township 1.844 

Landis Township 10,035 

Lawrence Township 1.549 

Maurice River Township 2,016 

Millville City 14,691 

Ward 1 2,866 

Ward 2 2,169 

Ward 3 3,397 

Ward 4 3,190 

Ward 5 3,069 

Stowe Creek Township 844 962 880 

Vineland Borough 6,799 6.531 5,282 



2.624 


2,604 


3,621 


3,311 


1.570 


1,519 


1,621 


1,629 


1.147 


1,145 


1,807 


1,818 


8,658 


6,435 


1,801 


1,746 


2 221 


2.124 


.3,307 


12,451 



61,348 59,481 55,153 
ESSEX COUNTY. 

Belleville Town 15,660 11,996 9,891 

Ward 1 5,380 

Ward 2 6,323 

Ward 3 3,951 

Bloomfield Town 22,019 17,306 15,070 

Ward 1 8,354 

Ward 2 6,631 

Ward 3 7,034 

Caldwell Borough 3,903 

Caldwell Township 717 

Cedar Grove Township 3,181 

East Orange City 50,710 

Ward 1 6.653 

Ward 2 7,328 

Ward 3 15.956 

Ward 4 7.263 

Ward 5 13,510 

Essex Fells Borough 598 538 442 

Glen Ridge Borough 4,620 4,153 3,260 

Irvington Town 25,480 20.342 11,877 

Ward 1 7,008 

Ward 2 7,344 

Ward 3 11.128 

Livingston Township 1,126 1.202 1.025 

Millburn Township 4,633 4,372 3,720 



3,409 


2.236 


782 


704 


2.979 


2,409 


40,961 


34,371 



220 NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

1920 1915 1910 

Moutclair Town 28.810 2.3.029 21.550 

^yal■d 1 5.70H 

Ward 2 5.177 

Ward ;j 5.440 

Ward 4 6.812 

Ward 5 5,579 

Newark City 414.524 366,721 347,469 

Ward 1 30,047 

Ward 2 17,014 

Ward 3 35,343 

Ward 4 12,450 

Ward 5 20,863 

Ward G 20.335 

Ward 7 17,102 

Ward 8 31.077 

Ward 9 34.698 

Ward 10 22,754 

Ward 11 20.976 

Ward 12 25.426 

Ward 13 38.396 

Ward 14 36.112 

Ward 15 16.010 

Ward 16 35,921 

North Caldwell Borough 466 664 595 

Nutley Town 9,421 7,987 6,009 

Ward 1 3.742 

Ward 2 2.874 

Ward 3 2,805 

Orange City 33.268 29.805 29,630 

Ward 1 8,327 

Ward 2 5.352 

Ward 3 8.158 

Ward 4 6.912 

Ward 5 4.519 

Roseland Borough 609 

South Orange Township 5,283 

South Orange Village 7.274 

Verona Borough 3.039 

West Caldwell Borough 1,085 

West Orange Town 15,573 

Ward 1 4.945 

Ward 2 3.101 

Ward 3 3,142 

Ward 4 986 

Ward 5 3,399 



593 


486 


4.676 


2.979 


5.866 


6.014 


2.643 


1.675 


690 


494 


13.610 


10,980 



652,089 566,324 512,886 
\ 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



221 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 



Clayton Borough 

Deptford Township 

East Greenwich Township .... 

Elk Township 

Franklin Township 

Glassboro Borough 

Greenwich Township 

Harrison Township 

Eogan Township 

Mantua Township 

Monroe Township 

National Park Borough 

Paulsboro Borough 

Pitman Borough 

South Harrison Township .... 

Swedesboro Borough 

Washington Township 

Wenonah Borough 

West Deptford Township 

Westville Borough 

Woodbury City 

Ward 1 1.279 

Ward 2 2,756 

Ward 3 1.766 

Woodbury Heights Borough . . . 

Woolwich Township 



1920 


1915 


1910 


1,905 


1.729 


1.926 


2 224 


1.800 


2,524 


1,483 


1.614 


1,406 


951 


1.042 


1.022 


3.448 


3,008 


2,603 


3.073 


3,030 


2,821 


1.751 


1,1.55 


874 


1,633 


1,793 


1.682 


1.510 


1,521 


1,523 


2,002 


1,849 


1,529 


3.292 


3,490 


3.015 


l.OOO 


529 


325 


4,352 


2.876 


2,121 


3.385 


2,577 


1.950 


583 


687 


694 


1,838 


1.738 


1,477 


1.460 


1.626 


1,396 


918 


821 


645 


1,781 


1,728 


2,057 


2,380 


2.036 




5,801 


5,288 


4,642 



481 


339 




973 


1.311 


1,136 


224 


43,587 


37,368 



HUDSON COUNTY. 



Bayonne City 76,754 

Ward 1 17,296 

Ward 2 17.772 

Ward 3 16,150 

Ward 4 13.203 

Ward 5 12.333 

East Newark Borough 3,057 

Guttenberg Town 6.726 

Harrison Town 15,721 

Ward 1 4,438 

Ward 2 1,503 

Ward 3 4.617 

Ward 4 5,163 

Hoboken Citv 68.166 

Ward 1 10.691 

Ward 2 9,848 

Ward 3 18,224 



04,461 55,545 



2.873 

6.322 

14,520 



3,163 

5,647 

14,498 



67.611 70.324 



222 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



1920 

Ward 4 14,050 

Ward 5 15,353 

Jersey City 298,103 

Ward 1 17,738 

Ward 2 19,820 

Ward 3 16,893 

Ward 4 15,288 

Ward 5 18,136 

Ward 6 19,816 

Ward 7 39,193 

Ward 8 38,626 

Ward 9 29,410 

Ward 10 26,363 

Ward 11 27.594 

Ward 12 29,226 

Kearny Town 26,724 

Ward 1 5,459 

Ward 2 9,093 

Ward 3 6,308 

Ward 4 5,864 

North Bergen Township 23,344 

Secaucus Town 5,423 

Ward 1 2,987 

Ward 2 977 

Ward 3 1,459 

Union Town 20,651 

Ward 1 5,563 

Ward 2 5,775 

Ward 3 9,313 

Weehawken Township 14,485 

West Hoboken Town 40,074 

Ward 1 12,625 

Ward 2 15,245 

Ward 3 12.204 

West New York Town 29.926 

Ward 1 14,416 

Ward 2 6.294 

Ward 3 9,216 



1915 



1910 



70.903 267,779 



22,150 18,659 



20,679 
4,900 



13,488 
38,776 



15,662 
4.740 



21,739 21,0: 



11,228 
35,403 



22,943 13,560 



629,154 571,371 537,231 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 



Alexandria Township . 
Bethlehem Township . . 
Bloomsbury Borough . . 

Califon Borough 

Clinton Town 

Clinton Township . . . . 
Delaware Township . . . 
East Amwell Township 



938 


1,093 


1,045 


798 


975 


980 


650 


630 


600 


513 






950 


841 


836 


1,987 


2,157 


2,108 


1.705 


1,941 


1.740 


1,102 


1,251 


1.203 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 223 



1920 


1915 


1910 


2.590 


2,635 




980 


1.141 


1,099 


1,104 


983 


984 


818 







916 


843 


914 


1,795 


1,700 


1,545 


911 


975 


1,699 


1.160 


1,241 


1,265 


4.660 


4.600 


4,657 


1,083 


2,211 


2,179 


656 


687 




1.677 


1,896 


4,003 


2,525 


2,648 


2,569 


519 


613 


605 


1,279 


1.734 


1.742 


834 


1,054 


930 


735 


848 


866 



Flemington Borough 

Franklin Township 

Frenchtown Borough 

Glen Gardner Borough .... 

Hampton Borough 

High Bridge Borough 

Holland Township 

Kingwood Township 

Lambertville City 

Lebanon Township 

Milford Borough 

Raritan Township 

Roadington Township 

Stockton Borough 

Tewksbury Township 

Union Township 

West Amwell Township . . . 

32,885 34,697 33,569 

MERCER COUNTY. 

East Windsor Township 733 

Ewing Township 3,475 

Hamilton Township 14,580 

Hightstown Borough 2.674 

Hopewell Borough 1,339 

Hopewell Township 3,249 

Lawrence Township 3,686 

Pennington Borough 965 

Princeton Borough 5,917 

Princeton Township 1,424 

Trenton City 119,289 

Ward 1 5,800 

Ward 2 5,620 

Ward 3 6.375 

Ward 4 9,808 

Ward 5 14,366 

Ward 6 4.321 

Ward 7 4,780 

Ward 8 8,381 

Ward 9 8,145 

Ward 10 11,791 

Ward 11 15,240 

Ward 12 9,280 

Ward 13- 8,990 

Ward 14 0,391 

Washington Township 1,161 1,215 1,090 

West Windsor Township 1,389 1,426 1,342 

159,881 139,812 125,657 



839 


941 


3,261 


1,889 


11,143 


7.899 


2,592 


1,879 


1,341 


1,073 


3,430 


3.171 


3,339 


2,522 


944 


722 


5,678 


5,136 


1,414 


1,178 


03,190 


96,815 



1915 


1910 


1,533 


1.424 


2.877 


1,990 


1.8G5 


1.602 


767 


061 


2.901 


1,517 


1,865 


2,075 


2.123 


1.621 


2.692 


2.138 


1,310 




1.902 


1,584 


2.581 


1.723 


30.019 


23.388 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

1920 

Cranbury Township 1.083 

Dunellen Borough 3.394 

East Brunswick Township .... 1.857 

Ilelmetta Borough 687 

Highland I'arlv Borough 4,866 

Jamesburg Borough 2,052 

Madison Township 1.808 

Metuchen Borough 3,334 

Middlesex Borough 1.852 

Milltown Borough 2.573 

Monroe Township 2,625 

New Brunswick City 32.779 

Ward 1 4.823 

Ward 2 7,370 

Ward 3 3.510 

Ward 4 5.387 

Ward 5 6.810 

Ward 6 4.879 

North Brunswick Township ... 1.399 1.247 990 

Perth Amboy City 41.707 39.719 32.121 

Ward 1 4.827 

Ward 2 3,202 

Ward 3 3.845 

Ward 4 8.872 

Ward 5 6.826 

Ward 6 14.135 

Piscataway Township 5.385 3,624 3,523 

Plainsboro Township 460 

Raritan Township 5.419 

Roosevelt Borough 11.047 

Sayreville Boi'ough 7.181 

South Amboy City 7.897 

Ward 1 2,110 

Ward 2 1.813 

Ward 3 1,974 

Ward 4 2.000 

South Brunswick Township 

South River Borough 

Spottswood Borough 

Woodbridge Township 

162.334 144.716 114.426 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

Allennhurst Borough 343 203 306 

Allentown Borough 634 642 634 

Asburv Park Citv 12.400 10.910 10,150 



3.412 


2.707 


8.049 


5.786 


6.312 


5.783 


7.482 


7.007 



2.208 


2,929 


2.443 


6.596 


6.691 


4.772 


704 


683 


623 


13.423 


12,133 


8.948 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 225 

1920 1913 1910 



Ward 1 0.366 

Ward 2 3.0:U 

Atlantic Township 1,074 

Atlantic Higlilands Borough . . 1.620 

Avon Borough 647 

Belmar Borough 1.9S7 

Bradley Beach Borough 2.307 

Brielle Borough 392 

Deal Borough 420 

Eatontown Township 2,682 

Englishtown Borough 641 

Fair Haven Borough 1,295 

Farmingdale Borough 474 

Freehold Town 4.768 

Freehold Township 1.498 

Highlands Borough 1,731 

Holmdel Township 1.100 

Howell Township 2.-549 

Keansburg Borough 1,321 

Keyport Borough 4,415 

Long Branch City 13,521 

Ward 1 1.550 

Ward 2 2,565 

Ward 3 2,377 

Ward 4 2,983 

Ward 5 2,175 

Ward 6 1.871 

Manalapan Township 1,080 

Manasquan Borough 1,705 

Marlboro Township 1,710 

Matawan Borough 1.910 

Matawan Township 1.856 

Middletowa Township 5,917 

Millstone Township 1.405 

Monmouth Beach Borough .... 410 

Neptune Township 6.470 

Neptune City Borough 539 

Ocean Township 1,581 

Raritan Township 1,659 

Red Bank Borough 9.251 

Rumson Borough 1.658 

Seabright Borough 856 

Sea Girt Borough 110 

Shrewsbury Township 1,944 

Spring Lake Borough 1.009 

Upper Freehold Township 1,737 

Wall Township 3.324 

West Long Branch Borough . . . 966 



1,200 


1,205 


1,771 


1,645 


707 


426 


2,553 


1.433 


2,236 


1,807 


227 


273 


2,164 


2,076 


605 


468 


1,490 





483 


416 


3,622 


3,233 


2,338 


2.329 


1,759 


1,386 


1,315 


1,058 


2,931 


2,703 


4,019 


3,554 


14,565 


13,298 



1,467 


1,375 


1,817 


1,582 


1,842 


1,754 


1,771 


1,646 


1.833 


1,472 


7,795 


6,653 


1,255 


1,461 


652 


485 


6.774 


5,551 


614 


488 


1.405 


1,377 


1.955 


1,583 


8,631 


7,398 


1,583 


1,449 


1,327 


1.220 


2,315 


3.238 


1.393 


853 


2.064 


2.053 


4.338 


3,817 


1.065 


879 



104,925 107,636 94,734 



527 


428 


2,534 


2,265 


2.207 


1.874 


818 


812 


1,357 


1,251 


1,012 




8,971 


7,468 



226 NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

1920 1915 1910 

Boonton Town 5,372 5,207 4,930 

Ward 1 1,371 

Ward 2 1 ,387 

Ward 3 1,575 

Ward 4 1,039 

Boonton Township 684 

Butler Borough 2,886 

Chatham Borough 2,421 

Chatham Township 736 

Chester Township 1,195 

Denville Township 1,205 

Dover Town 9,803 

Ward 1 2,162 

Ward 2 1,961 

Ward 3 2,376 

Ward 4 3,304 

Florham Park Borough 787 

Hanover Township 8,531 

Jefferson Township 1,226 

Madison Borough 5,523 

Mendham Borough 969 

Mendham Township 699 

Montville Township 1,515 

Morris Township 2,607 

Morristown Town 12,548 

Ward 1 3,498 

Ward 2 4,402 

Ward 3 2.616 

Ward 4 2,032 

Mount Arlington Borough .... 213 

Mount Olive Township 1,008 

Netcong Borough 1,800 

Passaic Township 2,373 

Pequannock Township 2,291 

Randolph Township 2,509 

Rockaway Borough 2,655 

Rockaway Township 3,506 

Roxbury Township 2,976 

Washington Township 1,779 

Wharton Borough 2,877 



970 


558 


8,121 


6,228 


1,186 


1,303 


5,628 


4,658 


1,248 


1.129 


845 


792 


1,719 


1,944 


3,034 


3,161 


3,006 


12,507 



397 


277 


1,084 


1.160 


1,680 


1,532 


2,457 


2,165 


2,313 


1,921 


2.545 


2,307 


2 224 


1,902 


3,264 


4,835 


2,514 


2,414 


2,055 


1,900 


2.591 


2,983 



82,694 81,514 74,704 
OCEAN COUNTY. 



Barnegat City Borough 
Bay Head Boi-ough . . . 
Beach Haven Borough 



09 


77 


70 


273 


492 


281 


329 


434 


272 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



227 



Beachwood Borough 

Berkeley Township 

Brick Township 

Dover Township 

Eaglewood Township 

Harvey Cedars Borough 

Island Heights Borough 

Jackson Township 

Lacey Township 

Lakewood Township 

Lavallette Borough 

Little Egg Harbor Township.. 

Long Beach Township 

Manchester Township 

Mantoloking Borough 

Ocean Township 

Ocean Gate Borough 

Plumsted Township 

Pooint Pleasant Beach Borough, 

Seaside Heights Borough 

Seaside Park Borough 

Stafford Township 

Surf City Borough 

Tuckerton Borough 

Union Township 



1920 


1915 


1910 


40 






576 


900 


597 


2,084 


2.308 


2,177 


2,198 


2,676 


2,452 


420 


525 


550 


65 


47 


33 


194 


368 


313 


1,268 


1,465 


1.325 


504 


678 


602 


6,110 


4.662 


5,149 


117 


174 


42 


410 


474 


388 


106 


105 


107 


1,034 


998 


1,112 


37 


50 




286 


374 


397 


69 







1,276 


1.186 


1.123 


1,575 


1.204 


1,003 


154 


252 





179 


275 


101 


830 


933 


934 


43 


44 


40 


1,106 


1,312 


1,268 


803 


998 


982 



22,155 23,011 21,318 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 

Bloomingdale Borough 2,193 

Clifton City 26,470 

Ward 1 4,651 

Ward 2 3.348 

Ward 3 4;853 

Ward 4 8,059 

Ward 5 5,559 

Haledon Borough 3.435 

Hawthorne Borough 5.135 

Little Falls Township 3,310 

North Haledon Borough 887 

Passaic City 63,841 

Ward 1 20.860 

Ward 2 12.242 

Ward 3 8,520 

Ward 4 22,219 

Paterson City 135,875 

Ward 1 16.829 

Ward 2 14,813 

Ward 3 15,579 



20,822 11,869 



2.890 


2,560 


3.999 


3.400 


2.928 


3,750 


834 


749 


61,225 


54,773 



124,815 125,600 



228 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



1920 



1915 



1910 



Ward 4 18,872 

Ward 5 8,997 

Ward 6 4,816 

Ward 7 10.944 

Ward 8 10,048 

Ward 9 13,889 

Ward 10 12,510 

Ward 11 8.578 

Pompton Lakes Borough 

Prospect Park Borough 

Ringwood Borough 

Totowa Borough 

Wanaque Borough 

Waj-ne Township 

West Milford Township 

West Paterson Borough 

Pompton Township 



2,008 


1.400 


1,060 


4,292 


3,853 


2,719 


1,025 






1,864 


1,493 


1.130 


2,916 






2,302 


2,625 


2,281 


1,763 


1.877 


1,967 


1,858 


1.535 







6.068 


4,044 



259,174 236.364 215,902 



SALEM COUNTY. 



Alloway Township 

Elmer Borough 

Elsinboro Township 

Lower Alloways Creek Twp. . . . 

Lower Penns Neck Township . . 

Mannington Township 

Oldmans Township 

Pennsgrove Borough 

Pilesgrove Township 

I'ittsgroA-e Township 

Quinton Township 

Salem City 

Bast Ward 4,282 

West Ward 3,153 

Upper Penns Neck Township . . . 

Tapper Pittsgrove Township . . . 

Woodstown Borough 



1,431 


1,500 


1.533 


1.115 


1.143 


1,167 


374 


432 


419 


1,084 


1.289 


1,252 


2,149 


1.605 


1,544 


1,456 


1.653 


1,606 


1.328 


] .324 


1.364 


6.060 


4.412 


2,118 


1.770 


1.763 


1,786 


1.842 


2.169 


2,394 


956 


999 


1,091 


7.435 


6.953 


6,614 


6,259 


1,559 


744 


1,724 


1.984 


1,754 


1.589 


1,507 


1,613 



36,572 30,292 26,999 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 

Bedminster Township 1.088 

Bernards Township 4.243 

Boundbrook Borough 5,906 

Branchhurg Township 931 

Bridgewater Township 1,934 



1,342 


2,375 


5.057 


4,608 


5,152 


3,970 


1.034 


970 


2,039 


1,742 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 229 



East Millstone Town 

Fi'anklin Township 

Hillsboro Township 

Millstone Borough 

Mont^romery Township . . . 
North Plainfield Borough . 
North Plainfield Township 
Peapack-Gladstone Borough 

Raritan Town 

Rocky Hill Borough 

Somerville Borough 

South Boundbrook Borough 
Warren Township 



1920 


1915 


1910 


427 




. 356 


2.955 


8,090 


2.395 


5,124 


3,183 


2,313 


178 


154 


157 


2.082 


1,961 


1.637 


6.916 


6.037 


6,117 


1.116 


985 


886 


1.226 


1.346 




4,457 


4.028 


3,672 


305 


470 


502 


6.718 


6.038 


5.060 


1.802 


1.108 


1,024 


1.083 


1.099 


1.036 



47.991 44.123 38,820 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

Andover Borough 

Andover Township 

Branehville Borough 

Byram Township 

Frankford Township 

Franklin Borough 

Fredon Township 

Creen Township 

Hampton Township 

Hardyston Township 

Hopatcong Borough 

Lafayette Township 

Montague Township 

Newton Town 

Ogdenshurg Borough 

Sandyston Township 

Sparta Township 

Stanhope Borough 

Sfillwater Townshii) 

Sussex Borough 

Vernon Township 

Walpack Township 

Wantage Township 

24.905 25,977 26.78] 

UNION COUNTY. 

Clark Township 794 541 469 

Cranford Township 6,001 4,967 3.641 

Elizabeth City 95.783 82.036 73,409 



417 


479 


884 


473 


504 


521 


588 


620 


663 


409 


437 


1.055 


936 


1,096 


1,004 


4.075 


3.262 




269 


448 


457 


4.54 


504 


888 


592 


700 


671 


1,928 


2.030 


5,210 


179 


234 


146 


634 


687 


683 


534 


630 


621 


4,125 


4.433 


4.467 


939 


600 




727 


796 


855 


1,017 


1.170 


1.579 


1,031 


1,028 


1.031 


671 


891 


796 


1,318 


1 .251 


1.212 


1.433 


1 ,604 


1.675 


258 


304 


286 


1,898 


2,269 


2,077 



230 NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

1920 1915 1910 

Ward 1 8,608 

Ward 2 7,471 

Ward 3 8,664 

Ward 4 6.522 

Ward 5 6,981 

Ward 6 9,991 

Ward 7 9.290 

Ward 8 9.684 

Ward 9 5,223 

Ward 10 8,853 

Ward 11 7,230 

Ward 12 7,316 

Fanwood Borough 724 

Garwood Boroush 2,084 

Hillside Township 5,267 

Kenilworth Borough 1,312 

Linden Borough 1.756 

Linden Township 6,612 

Mountainside Borough 493 

New Providence Borough 1,203 

New Providence Township .... 954 

Plainfield City 27,700 

Ward 1 5,925 

Ward 2 6.295 

Ward 3 5.947 

Ward 4 9.533 

Rahwav City 11,042 9.586 9,337 

Ward 1 2.306 

Ward 2 2,330 

Ward 3 2,857 

Ward 4 2,043 

Ward 5 1.506 

Roselle Borough 5,737 3,823 2.725 

Roselle Park Borough 5.438 4.327 3,138 

Scotch Plains Township* 2,343 1,970 1,616 

Springfield Township 1,715 1,619 1.246 

Summit City 10,174 9,136 7,500 

Ward 1 4,816 

Ward 2 5,358 

Union Township 3,962 3.167 3,419 

Westfield Town 9,063 8,147 6,420 

Ward 1 3,464 

Ward 2 1,412 

Ward 3 2,408 

Ward 4 1.779 



699 


471 


1,642 


1,118 


2,773 




997 


779 


1,150 


610 


3,826 


1,988 


421 


362 


1,132 


873 


847 


526 


24,516 


20,550 



200,157 167,322 140,197 
'Formerly Fanwood Township. 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 231 



WARREN COUNTY. 



1920 

Allamiichy Township 556 

Alpha Borough 2,140 

Belvidere Town 1,793 

Blairstown Township 1.361 

Franklin Township 1,457 

Frelinghuysen Township 682 

Greenwich Township 1,050 

Hackettstown Town 2.936 

Hardwick Township 352 

Harmony Township 1,444 

Hope Township 948 

Independence Township 933 

Knowlton Township 1,073 

Lopatcong Township 1,050 

Mansfield Township 1,133 

Oxford Township 2,035 

Pahaquarry Township 128 

Phillipsburg Town . 16,923 

Ward 1 2,950 

Ward 2 2.481 

Ward 3 3,062 ' 

Ward 4 2,027 

Ward 5 2,524 

Ward 6 3,879 

Pohatcong Township 

Washington Borough 

Washington Township .... 
White Township 



1915 


1910 


666 


642 


2,084 




1,823 


1,764 


1,447 


1.718 


1.310 


1.585 


788 


1,074 


1,014 


904 


2.976 


2,715 


369 


405 


1.465 


1.490 


1,074 


1.119 


1.151 


867 


1,192 


1.556 


938 


766 


1.217 


1,238 


1.975 


3,444 


196 


205 


5,430 


13,903 



1,559 


1.684 


3.202 


3,341 


3.250 


3.567 


1.002 


1.078 


1,023 


1,161 


1.237 






45.057 44.314 43,18' 



232 NEW JERSEY CENSUS 



POPUL.ATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES. 

Incorporated Place County 

Absecon City Atlantic .... 

Allendale Bor Bergen 

Allenburst Bor Monmouth .. 

Allentown Bor Monmouth . . 

Alpha Bor Warren 

Alpine Bor Bergen 

Andover Bor Sussex 

Asbury Park City Monmouth . . 

Atlantic City Atlantic . . . 

Atlantic Highlands Bor. .Monmouth .. 

Audubon Bor Camden .... 

Avalon Bor Cape May . . 

Avon Bor Monmouth . . 

Barnegat City Bor Ocean 

Barrington Bor.* Camden 

Bay Head Bor Ocean 

Bayonne City Hudson 

Beach Haven Bor Ocean 

Beachwood Bor. * Ocean 

Belleville Town Essex 

Belmar Bor ]Monmouth . . 

Belvidere Town Warren 

Bergenfield Bor Bergen , 

Beverly City Burlington . . 

Eloomfield Town Essex , 

Bloomingdale Bor.* Passaic .... 

Bloomsbury Bor Hunterdon . . . 

Bogota Bor Bergen 

Boonton Town Morris , 

Bordentown City Burlington ., 

Bound Brook Bor Somerset 

Bradley Beach Bor Monmouth . . , 

Branchville Bor Sussex 

Bridgeton City Cumberland ., 

Brielle Bor. * Monmouth . . . 

Burlington City Burlington .. 

Butler Bor Morris 

Caldwell Bor Essex 

Califon Bor. * ', Hunterdon . . . 

Camden City Camden 

Cape May City Cape May . . . 

Cape May Point Bor. . . . Cape May . . . 

Carlstadt Bor Bergen 

Chatham Bor Morris 

Chesilhurst Bor Camden 

Clayton Bor Gloucester . . . 

Cliflfside Park Bor Bergen 

Clifton City* Passaic 

Clinton Town [ . Hunterdon . . . 

Closter Bor .Bergen 

Colling.swood Bor !! Camden 

Cresskill Bor Bergen 

Deal Bor Monmouth . . . 



1920 


1915 


1910 


702 


870 


781 


1,165 


1,121 


937 


343 


203 


306 


634 


642 


634 


2,140 


2,084 




350 


533 


377 


417 


479 


884 


12,400 


10,910 


10,150 


50,707 


51,667 


46,150 


1,620 


1,771 


1,645 


4,740 


3,009 


1,343 


197 


323 


230 


647 


707 


426 


69 


77 


70 


1,333 






273 


492 


281 


76,754 


64,461 


55,545 


329 


434 




40 






15,660 


11,996 


9,891 


1,987 


2,553 


1,433 


1,793 


1,823 


1,764 


3,667 


2,924 


1,991 


2,562 


2,450 


2,140 


22,019 


17,306 


15,070 


2,193 






650 


630 


600 


3,906 


2,341 


1,125 


5,372 


5,207 


•4,930 


4,371 


4,095 


4,250 


5,906 


5. 152 


3,970 


2,307 


2,236 


1,807 


588 


620 


663 


14,323 


13,611 


14,209 


392 






9,049 


9,044 


8,336 


2,886 


2,534 


2,265 


3,993 


3,409 


2,236 


513 






116,309 


102,215 


94,538 


2,999 


2,513 


2,471 


121 


170 


162 


4,472 


4,137 


3,807 


2,421 


2,207 


1,874 


287 


314 


246 


1,905 


1,729 


1,926 


5,709 


4,778 


3,394 


26,470 






950 


841 


836 


1,840 


1,7.']5 


1.483 


8,714 


6.600 


4.795 


942 


922 


5.50 


420 


227 


273 



'Incorporated since 1915. 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 233 

Incorporated Place County 1920 1915 1910 

Delford Bor Bergen 1,286 1,244 1.005 

Demarest Bor Bergen 6o4 588 &bU 

Dover Town Morris 9.803 8,971 <,4<j8 

Dumont Bor Bergen 2,537 2,278 1,783 

Dunellen Bor Middlesex .. 3,394 2,8(7 1,990 

East Atlantic City Atlantic 12 20 67 

East Millstone Town Somerset 427 3o0 

East Newark Bor Hudson 3,057 2,8<3 3,lbd 

East Orange City Essex 50,710 40,961 34,371 

East Paterson Bor.* Bergen 

East Rutherford Bor. ...Bergen 

Edgewater Bor Bergen 

Egg Harbor City Atlantic . . . 

Elizabeth City Union 

Elmer Bor Salem 

Emerson Bor Bergen .... 

Englewood City Bergen 

Englewood Cliffs Bor. . . . Bergen 

Englishtown Bor Monmouth . 

Essex Fells Bor Essex 

Fair Haven Bor Monmouth 

Fairview Bor Bergen 

Fanwood Bor Union 

Farmingdale Bor Monmouth 

Fieldsboro Bor Burlington 

Flemington Bor Hunterdon 

Florham Park Bor Morris .... 

Folsom Bor Atlantic . . . 

Fort Lee Bor Bergen .... 

Franklin Bor Sussex 

Freehold Bor Monmouth 

Frenchtown Bor Hunterdon 

Garfield Citv Bergen ... 

Garwood Bor Union 

Glassboro Bor Gloucester 

Glen Gardner Bor.* Hunterdon 

Glen Ridge Bor Essex 4,620 4,153 3,260 

Glen Rock Bor Bergen 2,181 1,689 1,055 

Gloucester Citv Camden 12.162 10,554 9,462 

Guttenberg To"wn Hudson 6,726 6,322 5,647 

Ilackensack Town Bergen 17.667 15,^56 14,0.50 

Hackettstown Town . . . .^^'^^^^^^ 2.936 2,076 2,715 

Haddon Heights Bor Camden 2.9.50 2,297 1,4.52 

Haddonfleld Bor Camden 5,646 5,077 4,142 

Haledon Bor Passaic 3.435 2,890 2,560 

Hammonton Bor Atlantic 6,417 5,896 5,088 

Hampton Bor Hunterdon . . . 916 843 914 

Harrington Park Bor. . . . Bergen 627 551 377 

Harrison Town Hudson ...... 15,721 14, .520 14,498 

Harvey Cedars Bor Ocean ...".... 65 47 33 

Hasbrouck Heights Bor.. Bergen 2,895 2,424 2,155 

Haworth Bor. Bergen 784 733 588 

Hawthorne Bor Passaic 5,135 3,999 3,400 

Helmetta Bor Middlesex ... 687 767 661 

High Bridge Bor Hunterdon ... 1,795 1.700 1,545 



5,463 


4,576 


4,275 


3,530 


3.1.50 


2,6.55 


2,622 


2,416 


2,180 


95,783 


82,036 


73,409 


1.115 


1.143 


1,167 


973 


906 


767 


11,627 


11,701 


9,924 


594 


532 


410 


641 


605 


468 


598 


538 


442 


1,295 


1,490 




4,882 


4,016 


2,441 


724 


699 


471 


474 


483 


416 


530 


510 


480 


2,590 


2.635 


2,693 


787 


970 


558 


217 


266 


232 


5.761 


5.288 


4,472 


4,075 


3,262 




4.768 


3,622 


3,233 


1.104 


983 


984 


19.381 


15.4.55 


10,213 


2.084 


1.642 


1.118 


3.073 


3,030 


2.821 


818 







^Incorporated since 1915. 



234 NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 

Incorporated Place County 

Highland Park Bor Middlesex 

Highlands Bor Monmouth 

Hightstown Bor Mercer . . 

Hoboken City Hudson . . 

Hohokus Bor Bergen . . 

Hopatcong Bor Sussex . . 

Hopewell Bor Mercer . . 

Irvington Town Essex ... 

Island Heights Bor Ocean 

Jamesburg Bor Middlesex 

Jersey City Hudson 298,103 

Keansburg Bor.* Monmouth .. 

Kearny Town Hudson 

Kenilworth Bor Union 

Ke.vport Bor Monmouth . . 

Lambertville City Hunterdon . . 

Laurel Springs Bor Camden .... 

Lavallette Bor Ocean 

Leonia Bor Bergen 

Linden Bor Union 

Linwood Bor Atlantic .... 

Little Ferry Bor Bergen 

Lodi Bor Bergen 

Long Branch City Monmouth . . 

Longport Bor Atlantic 

Madison Bor Morris 

Magnolia Bor Camden .... 

Manasquan Bor Monmouth . . 

Mantoloking Bor Ocean 

Margate City Atlantic 

Matawan Bor Monmouth . . 

May wood Bor Bergen 

Mendham Bor ^Morris 

Merchantville Bor Camden .... 

Metnchen Bor Middlesex . . 

Middlesex Bor Middlesex . . 

Midland Park Bor Bergen 

Mil ford Bor Hunterdon . . 

Millstone Bor Somerset . . . 

Milltown Bor Middlesex .. 

Millrille City Cumberland 

Monmouth Beach Bor. . . . :Monmouth . . 

Montclair Town Essex 

Montvale Bor Bergen 

Moonachie Bor Bergen 

Morristown Town Morris 

Mount Arlington Bor. . . .Morris 

Mountainside Bor Union 

National Park Bor (Gloucester .. 

Xeptune City Bor Monmouth . . 

Netcong Bor Morris 

New Brunswick City Middlesex . . 

Xew Providence Bor. . . . Union 

Newark City Essex 

Newton Town Sussex 

North Arlington Bor. ...Bergen 



1920 


1915 


1910 


4.866 


2.901 


1,517 


1,731 


1,759 


1,386 


2,674 


2,592 


1,879 


68,166 


67,611 


70,324 


586 


561 


488 


179 


234 


146 


1,339 


1.341 


1,073 


25,480 


20,342 


11,877 


194 


368 


313 


2,052 


1.865 


2.075 


298,103 


270,903 


267,779 


1,321 






26,724 


22,150 


18,659 


1,312 


997 


779 


4,415 


4.019 


3.554 


4.660 


4,600 


4,6.57 


911 


791 




117 


174 


42 


2.979 


2,132 


1,486 


1.756 


1,150 


610 


638 


610 


602 


2,715 


2,729 


2,541 


8,175 


6,379 


4,138 


13.521 


14.565 


13,298 


100 


143 


118 


5,523 


5,628 


4,658 


1.245 


977 





1,705 


1,817 


1,582 


37 


50 




249 


291 


129 


1,910 


1,771 


1,(M6 


1,618 


1,309 


889 


969 


1,248 


1,129 


2,749 


2.242 


1,996 


3,334 


2,692 


2,138 


1,8.52 


1,310 




2,243 


2,130 


2,o6i 


656 


6S7 




178 


1.54 


157 


2,573 


1,902 


1,584 


14,691 


13,307 


12.451 


410 


652 


485 


28.810 


25,029 


21,550 


779 


728 


522 


1.194 


993 


638 


12,548 


13.006 


12,507 


213 


397 


277 


493 


421 


362 


1,000 


529 


325 


539 


614 


488 


1.800 


1.6S0 


1,532 


32,779 


30.019 


23.3S8 


1.203 


1,132 


873 


414.524 


366,721 


347.469 


4,125 


4.433 


4,467 


1,767 


1,079 


437 



'Incorporated since 1915. 



820 


680 


• 564 


<J,421 


7,987 


6.000 


497 


628 


568 


1,148 


793 


653 


2,512 


3.721 


1,950 


69 






939 


600 




404 


323 


305 


33,268 


29,805 


29,630 


2,633 


2,2ft4 


1,411 


1,4S1 


1,643 


* 1.401 


63,841 


61,225 


54,773 


.35,875 


124,815 


125,600 


4,352 


2,876 


2,121 


1,226 


1,346 





NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 235 

Incorporated Place County 1920 1915 1910 

North Caldwell Bor Essex 466 064 595 

North Haledon Bor Passaic 887 834 749 

North PlainfieUl Bor. ...Somerset 6,916 6.037 6.117 

North Wildwood Citv ...Caie Ma.v ... 807 1,088 833 

Northfield Cit.v Atlantic 1,127 968 £66 

Northvale Bor. * Bergen .... 

Norwood Bor Bergen .... 

Nutlej' Town Essex 

Oakland Bor Fergen .... 

Oaklyn Bor Camden ... 

Ocean City Cape May . 

Ocean Gate Bor.* Ocean 

Ogdensburg Bor Sussex .... 

Old Tappan Bor Fergen .... 

Orange City Essex 

Palisades Park Bor Bergen 

Park Eidge Bor Bergen 

Passaic City Passaic . . . , 

Paterson City Passaic 135,87 

Paulsboro Bor Gloucester . 

Peapack-Gladstone Bor. .. .Somerset .. 

Pemberton Bor Burlington .. 800 793 797 

Pennington Bor Mercer 965 944 722 

Penns Grove Bor Salem 6,060 4.412 2,118 

Perth Amboy Citv Middlesex ... 41,707 39,719 32,121 

Phillipsburg Town Warren 16,923 15,430 13,903 

Pitman Bor Gloucester ... 3.385 2,577 1,950 

Plainfield City Union 27,700 24,516 20,550 

Pleasantville City Atlantic 5.887 4,663 4,390 

Pt. Pleasant Beach Bor. .Ocean 1.575 1,204 1.003 

Pompton Lakes Bor Pa.ssaic 2,008 1,400 1,060 

Port Republic City Atlantic .340 422 405 

Princeton Bor. . .' Mercer 5,917 5.678 5.136 

Prospect Park Bor Passaic 4,292 3,853 2,719 

Rahway City Union 11,042 9,586 9.337 

Ramsey Bor Bergen 2,090 1,973 1,667 

Raritan Town Somerset 4,457 4.028 3,672 

Red Bank Bor ,-Monmouth . . . 9,251 8,631 7,398 

Ridgefield Bor Bergen 1,560 1,187 966 

Ridgefield Park Village. . .Fergen 8,575 

Ridgewood Village Bergen 7,580 5,416 

Kingwood Bor.* Passaic . . 1 0"'*5 

Riverside Bor Fergen .'.'.'.'.'. 1.017 "o-tt) "736 

Riverton Bor Furlington .. 2.341 2.141 1.788 

Rockaway B<ir Morris 2.655 2,224 1,902 

Rocky Hill Bor Somerset 305 470 502 

Roosevelt Bor MidfMesex . . . 11.047 8,049 5,786 

Roseland Bor Essex 609 593 486 

Roselle Bor Union 5.737 3,823 2,725 

Roselle Park Bor Union 5.438 4.327 3.138 

Rumson Bor :\ronmouth . . . 1.658 1.583 1,449 

Rutherford Bor Bergen 9.497 8.347 7,045 

Saddle River Bor Fergen 506 .555 . 483 

Salem City Salem 7.435 6.053 6.614 

Sayreville Bor.* Middlesex . . . 7,181 6,312 5,783 

*Incorporated since 1915. 



236 NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



Incorporated Place County 

Sea Girt Bor.* Monmouth . 

Sea Isle City Cape May . 

Sea Bright Bor Monmouth . 

Seaside Heights Bor. . . . Ocean 

Seaside Park Bor Ocean 

Secaucus Town Hudson 

Somers Point City Atlantic ... 

Somerville Bor Somerset .. 

South Amboy City Middlesex . 

South Bound Brook Bor. . . Somerset . . 
South Cape May Bor. . . . Cape May . 

South Orange Village ...Essex 

South River Bor Middlesex . 

Spottswood Bor Middlesex . 

Spring Lake Bor Monmouth . 

Stanhope Bor Sussex .... 

Stockton Bor Hunterdon . 

Stone Harbor Bor Cape May . 

Summit City Union 

Surf City Bor Ocean 

Sussex Bor Sussex . . . . 

Swedesboro Bor Gloucester . 

Tenafly Bor Bergen . . . . 

Teterboro Bor.* Bergen .... 

Totowa Bor Passaic . . . 

Trenton City Mercer . . . . 

Tuckerton Bor Ocean 

Union Town Hudson . . . . 

Upper Saddle River Bor.. Bergen .... 

Ventnor City Atlantic . . . 

Verona Bor Essex 

Vineland Bor Cumberland 

Wahlwick Bor.* Bergen 

Wallington Bor Bergen .... 

Wanaque Bor.* Passaic ... 

Washington Bor Warren . . . 

Wenonah Bor. Gloucester . 

West Caldwell Bor Essex 

West Cape May Bor. . . . Cape ilay . 
West Hoboken Town .... Hudson . . . . 
West Long Branch Bor. .. Monmouth . 

West New York Town . . . Hudson 

AVest Orange Town Essex 

West Paterson Bor Passaic . . . 

Westfleld Town Union 

Westville Bor Gloucester . 

Westwood Bor Bergen . . . . 

Wharton Bor Morris . . . . 

AVildwood City Cape ISIay . 

Wildwood Crest Bor. ...Cape May . 

AA'oodbine Bor Cape May . 

Woodbury City Gloucester . 

Woodbury fleights Bor. . .Gloucester . 

Woodcliff Lake Bor Bergen .... 

Woodlynne Bor Camden ... 



1920 


1915 


1910 


110 






564 


955 


551 


856 


1,327 


1,220 


154 


252 




179 


275 


101 


5,423 


4,906 


4,740 


843 


790 


604 


6.718 


6,038 


5,060 


7,897 


7,482 


7,007 


1,302 


1,108 


1,024 


10 


19 


7 


7,274 


5,^66 


6.014 


6,596 


6.691 


4,772 


704 


683 


623 


1,009 


1.393 


853 


1,031 


1,028 


1,031 


519 


613 


605 


1.59 


4.59 




10,174 


9,1.36 


7,500 


43 


44 


40 


1.318 


1,251 


1,212 


1.838 


1.738 


1,477 


5,6.50 

24 

1,864 


2,999 


2,756 


i,'4.03 


1,130 


119,289 


103.190 


96.815 


1,106 


1.312 


1.268 


20,651 


21,739 


21,023 


251 


364 


273 


2,193 


1,676 


491 


3,0.39 


2.643 


1,675 


6,799 


6,.531 


5,282 


1,296 






5,715 


4,071 


3,448 


2.916 






3.341 


3,2.50 


3,567 


918 


821 


645 


1,085 


6.00 


494 


967 


1.068 


844 


40.074 


38.776 


35,403 


966 


1,065 


879 


29,926 


22,943 


13.. 560 


15,573 


13,610 


io,9=:o 


1,858 


1,535 




9,063 


8,147 


6,420 


2,380 


2.036 




2.. 597 


2,217 


1.870 


2,877 


2,591 


2,983 


2,790 


3,858 


898 


161 


317 


103 


1.406 


1,869 


2,399 


5.801 


5.288 


4,642 


481 


339 




587 


522 


470 


1,515 


878 


500 



'Incorporated since 1915. 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 237 

Incorporated Place County 1920 1915 1910 

Woodridge Bor Bergen 1,923 1,500 1,043 

Woodstown Bor Salem 1,589 1,507 1,613 

Wrightstown Bor.* Burlington . . 5,288 

♦Incorporated since 1915. 

Additional Incorporated Places. 

The following incorporated places, not set out in the foregoing 
list, came into existence as herein set forth: 

Hamburg Borough, Sussex County, Chapter 15, P. L,. 1920. 
Ocean Grove Borough, Monmouth County, Chapter 96, P. L. 

1920. 
Oceanport Borough. ^Monmouth County, Chapter 105, P. L. 1920. 
Point Pleasant Borough, Ocean County, Chapter 299, P. L. 

1920. 
West Wildwood Borough, Cape May County, Chapter 302, P. 

L. 1920. 



238 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 



POPULATION BY COUNTIES, 
SINCE 1790. 

1790. 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 



Atlantic 8726 

Bergen 12601 15156 16603 18178 22414 13190 

Burlington 18095 21521 24979 28S22 31107 32809 

Camden 

Cape May 2571 3066 3632 4265 4945 5324 

Cumberland 8248 9529 12670 12668 14091 14322 

Essex 17785 22269 258P4 30793 41928 44512 

Gloucester 13363 16115 19744 23089 28431 25509 

Hudson 9451 

Hunterdon 20253 21261 24553 28604 31066 24661 

Mercer 21498 

Middlesex 15956 17890 20381 21470 23157 21873 

Monmouth 16918 19S72 22150 25038 29233 32912 

Morris 16216 17750 21828 21368 23580 25777 

Ocean 

Passaic 16704 

Salem 10437 11371 12761 14022 14155 16012 

Somerset 12296 12815 14728 16506 17689 17457 

Sussex 19500 22534 25549 32752 20349 27773 

Union 

Warren 18634 20342 

Total 184239 211149 245562 277575 320779 372859 

~ 1850. 1860. 1870. 1880. 1890. 1900. 1905. 

Atlantic 8964 11835 14163 18704 28836 46402 59862 

Bergen 14708 21618 31033 36786 47226 78441 100003 

Burlington ... 43204 49370 53774 55402 58528 58241 62042 

Camden 25569 34457 46206 62942 87687 107643 121555 

Cape Mav 6432 7130 8529 9768 11268 13201 17390 

Cumberland .. 17003 22605 34688 37687 45438 51193 52110 

Essex 73995 98875 143907 189929 256698 359053 409928 

Gloucester ... 14653 18444 21727 25886 28649 31905 34477 

Hudson 21874 62717 129288 187994 2'75126 386048 449879 

Hunterdon ... 29064 33654 36961 38570 35355 34507 33258 

Mercer L'7991 37411 46470 58061 79978 95365 110516 

Middlesex ... 28671 34810 45057 52286 61754 79762 97036 

Monmouth ... 30234 39345 46316 55538 69128 82057 87919 

Morris 30173 34679 43161 E0861 54101 65156 67934 

Ocean 10043 11176 12658 14455 15974 19747 20880 

Passaic 22577 29013 46468 68860 105046 155202 175858 

Salem 19500 22458 23951 24579 25151 25530 26278 

Somerset 19668 22057 23514 27162 28311 32948 36270 

Sussex 22990 23845 23168 23539 22259 24134 23325 

Union 27780 41891 55571 72467 99353 117211 

Warren 22390 28834 34419 36589 36553 37781 40403 

Total 489703 672073 907149 1131116 1444933 1883669 2144134 



For later figures see next page. 



NEW JERSEY CENSUS. 239 

NEW JERSEY POPULATION BY COUNTIES. 

County. 1920 1915 1910 

Atlantic 83,914 82,840 71.894 

Bergen 210,703 178,596 138.002 

Burlington 81,770 74,737 66,565 

Camden 190,508 163,221 142,029 

Cape May 19,460 24,407 19,745 

Cumberland 61,348 59,481 55,153 

Essex 652,089 566,324 512,886 

Gloucester 48,224 43,587 37,368 

Hudson 629,154 571,371 537,231 

Hunterdon 32,885 34,697 33,569 

Mercer 159,881 139,812 125,657 

Middlesex 162,334 144,716 114,426 

Monmouth 104,925 107,630 94,734 

Morris 82,694 81. .514 74,704 

Ocean 22,1,55 23,011 21,318 

Passaic 259.174 236,364 215,902 

Salem 36,572 30,292 26,999 

Somerset 47,991 44,123 38,820 

Sussex 24,905 25,977 26,781 

Union 200,157 167.322 140,197 

Warren 45,057 44,314 43,187 



3.155,900 2,844,342 2,537,167 
AREA OF NEW JERSEY COUNTIES. 

(Data furnished by Department of Conservation and Development.) 



Counties. 



Atlantic 610.31 

Bergen 246.17 

Burlington 827.12 

Camden 225.51 

Cape May 4.50.91 

Cumberland 674.33 

E.^isex 129.72 

Gloucester 341.45 

Hudson 60.48 

Hunterdon 439.12 

Mercer 227.90 

Middlesex 324.44 

Monmouth 537.94 

Morris 480.19 

Ocean 750.91 

Passaic 198.65 

Salem 389.37 

Somerset 305.02 

Sussex 535.31 

Union 104.94 

Warren 364.65 

The State 8,224.44 



390,598 


362,114 


28.484 


157,. 547 


1.51,848 


5,699 


529,351 


524,022 


5,329 


144,325 


141,777 


2,. 548 


288,585 


169,815 




431.541 


320,241 


111,300 


83,023 


81,377 


1.646 


218,528 


212,236 


6.292 


38.709 


27,254 


11,455 


281,037 


279,919 


1.118 


145.858 


144,605 


1.253 


207.639 


199.639 


8,000 


344,280 


306.278 


38,002 


.307,318 


303,910 


3,408 


4S0.584 


407,903 


72,681 


127.1.34 


125,488 


1.646 


249.198 


219,918 


29,280 


195.213 


194,965 


248 


342.603 


338.393 


4,210 


67.164 


65.717 


1.447 


233,376 


231,769 


1,607 


5,263,641 


4,809,218 


454,423 



240 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

POPUIiATIOJV OF THE UNITED STATES, BY 
STATES, 1920, 1910. 

States. 1920. 1910. Increase. % 

United States 105,708,771 91,972,266 13,736,505 14.9 

Alabama 2,348,174 2,138,093 210,081 9.8 

Arizona 333,903 204.3.54 129,549 63.4 

Arkansas 1,752,204 1,574,449 177,755 ll.Sr 

California 3,426,861 2,377,549 1,049,312 44.1 

Colorado 939,629 799.024 140,605 17.6 

Connecticut 1,380,631 1,114,756 265,875 23.9 

Delaware 223.003 202,322 20,681 10.2 

District of Columbia 437,571 331,069 106,502 32.2 

Florida 968.470 752,619 215,851 28.7 

Georgia 2,895,832 2,609,121 286,711 11.0 

Idaho 431,866 325,594 106.272 32.6 

Illinois 6,485,280 5,638,591 846,689 15.0 

Indiana 2,930,390 2,700,876 229,514 8.5 

Iowa 2,404,021 2,224,771 179,2.50 8.1 

Kansas 1.769,257 1,690.949 78.308 4.6 

Kentucky 2,416,630 2,289,905 126,725 5.5 

Louisiana 1,798,.509 1,6.56.388 142,121 8.6 

Maine 768,014 742,371 25.643 3.5 

Maryland 1.449.661 1,29.5,346 1.54.315 11.9 

Massachusetts 3,852,356 3,366,416 485.940 14.4 

Michigan 3.668,412 2,810,173 8.58,239 30.5 

Minnesota 2,387,125 2.075,708 311.417 15.0 

Mississipiii 1,790,618 1.797.114 *6,496 *0.4 

Missouri 3,404.055 3,293,335 110.720 8.4 

Montana 548.889 376,0.53 172.836 46.0 

Nebraska 1,296,372 1,192.214 104,1.58 8.7 

Nevada 77,407 81.875 *4,468 *5.5 

New Hampshire 443.083 430,572 12.511 2.9 

New Jersey 3,1.5.5,900 2,537,167 618,733 24.4 

New Mexico 360,350 327,301 33.049 10.1 

New York 10..384,829 9,113,614 1,271,215 13.9 

North Carolina 2,559,123 2,206,287 3.52.836 16.0 

North Dakota 645.680 577,056 68,624 11.9 

Ohio 5.759,394 4,767,121 992,273 20.8 

Oklahoma 2,028.283 1,657,1.55 371,128 22.4 

Oregon 783,389 672.765 110,624 16.4 

Pennsylrania 8.720,017 7,66.5,111 1,054,906 13.8 

Rhode Island 604.397 542,610 61,787 11.4 

South Carolina 1.683.724 1,515,400 168,324 11.1 

South Dakota 636,547 583,888 52.6.59 9.0 

Tennessee 2.337,885 2,184,789 153.096 7.0 

Texas 4,663.228 3.896,542 766.686 19.7 

Utah 449.396 373,351 76.045 20.4 

Vermont 352.428 3.55.9.56 *3.528 *1.0 

Virginia 2.309.187 2.061.612 247.575 12.0 

Washington 1.3.56,621 1,141,990 214,631 18.8 

West Virginia 1.463,701 1.221.119 242,582 19.9 

Wisconsin 2.632.067 2.333,860 298,207 12.8 

Wyoming 194,402 145,.065 48,437 33.2 

♦Decrease. 

POPI LATIOX OF THE UNITED STATES AND 
OUTLYING POSSESSIONS, 1920. 

Continental United States, 105,708,771. Alaska, .54,899; Amer- 
ican Samoa, 8,056; Guam, 13,275; Hawaii, 2.55.912; Panama Canal 
Zone, 22,8.58; Porto Rico, 1.299,809; Military and Naval, etc.. serv- 
ice abroad. 117.238: Philippine Islands, 10,350.640; Virgin islands 
of the United States, 26.051. Total, 12,148,738. 

Total Continental tJ. S. and outlying possessions, 117,857,509. 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



241 



POPLLATIOX OF UNITED STATES CITIES HAVING 
25,000 OR MORE INHABITANTS. 

(The figures fur 1920 are subject to correctiou.) 

CITIES r- Population -^ of In- 

192D 1910 crease 
Alabama. 

Eirmiugham 178,270 132,685 3-4.4 

Mobile 60,151 51,521 16.8 

Montgomery 43,464 38,136 14.0 

Arizona. 

Phoenix 29,053 11,134 160.9 

Little Rock \.'. 64.997 45,941 41.5 

Fort Smith 28,811 23,975 20.2 

California. 

Alameda 28,806 23,383 23.2 

Berkeley 55.886 40,4.34 38.2 

Fresno 44.616 24.892 79.2 

Long Beach .5.5,593 17,809 212.2 

Los Angeles 576,673 319,198 80.7 

Oakland 216,361 1.50,174 44.1 

Pasadena 45.354 30,291 49.7 

Sacramento 65,8.57 44,696 47.3 

San Diego 74,683 39,578 88.7 

San Francisco 508.410 416.912 21.9 

San Jose 39.604 28,946 36.8 

Stockton 40,296 23,253 73.3 

Colorado. 

Colorado Springs 30.105 29.078 3.5 

Denver 2.56.369 213,381 20.1 

Pueblo 42,908 44,395 *3.3 

Connecticut. 

Bridgeport . . > 143..538 102.0.54 40.6 

Hartford 138.036 98,915 39.6 

Meriden Town (including Meriden 

Citv) 34,739 32.066 8.3 

Meriden City 29,842 27,265 9.5 

New Britain Town, coextensive with 

New Britain City .59.316 43,916 35.1 

New Britain City .59.316 43.916 35.1 

New Haven Town 162..519 1.3.3.605 21.6 

New Ix>udon Town 25,688 19,659 30.7 

Norwalk Town, coextensive with 

Norwalk City 27,700 24.211 14.4 

Norwalk City 27,700 1.5.922 74.0 

Norwich Town 29,685 28,219 5.2 

Stamford Town, including Stamford 

Citv 40.057 28.836 38.9 

Stamford City 35.086 25,138 39.6 

Waterburv Town, coextensive with 

Waterbiirv City 91,410 73.141 2.5.0 

Waterbury City 91,410 73,141 25.0 

♦Decrease. 



242 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

CITIES r- Population -. of In- 
192D 1910 crease 
Delaware. 

Wilmington IIO.IGS ST, 411 2G.0 

District of Columbia. 

Washington 437.571 331.069 32.2 

Florida. 

Jacksonville 91.558 

Miami 29,549 

Pensacola 31,035 

Tampa 51,2.52 

Georgia. 

Atlanta 200,616 

Augusta 52,548 

Columbus 31,125 

Macon 52,995 

SaA-annab 83,252 

Illinois. 

Aurora 36,397 

Bloomington 28,725 

Cbicago 2,701.705 

Cicero Town 44,995 

Danville 33,750 

Decatur 43,818 

East St. Louis 66,740 

Elgin 27.454 

Evanston 37.215 

Joliet 38.406 

Moline 30,709 

Oak Park Village 39,830 

Peoria 76.121 

Quincy 35.978 

Rock Island 35.177 

RockforcW •. . . 65,651 

SpringfielTl 59,183 

Indiana. 

Anderson 29,767 

East Cbicago 35,967 

Evansville 85.264 

Fort Wa.vne !=6.549 

Gary . . . : 55.378 

Hammond 36,004 

Indianapolis 314.194 

Kokomo 30,067 

Muncie 36.524 

Eicbmond 26,765 

Soutb Bend 70.983 

Terre Haute 66,083 

Iowa, 

Cedar Rapids 45 566 

Council Bluffs 36.162 

Davenport 56,727 

Des Moines 126,468 

Dubuque ,39. 141 

Sioux City 71.227 

Waterloo ' 36,230 



57.699 


58.7 


5,471 


440.1 


22,982 


35.0 


37,782 


35.7 


154,8.39 


29.6 


41,040 


28.0 


20,554 


51.4 


40,665 


30.3 


65,064 


28.0' 


29,807 


22.1 


25,768 


11.5 


2,185.283 


23.6 


14.557 


209.1 


27,871 


21.1 


31,140 


40.7 


58,547 


14.0 


25.. 976 


5.7 


24,978 


4!t.O 


34,670 


10.8 


24,199 


26.9 


19.444 


104.8 


66,950 


13.7 


36,587 


*1.T 


24,335 


44.6 


4.5,401 


44.6 


51,678 


14.5 


22.476 


32.4 


19.098 


88.3 


69.647 


90 4 


63,933 


35.4 


16.802 


229.6 


20.925 


72.1 


233,650 


34.5 


17,010 


76.8 


24.005 


52.2 


22.324 


19.9 


53.684 


32.2 


58,157 


13.6 


32,811 


38.9 


29,292 


23.5 


43,028 


31.8 


86,368 


46.4 


38,949 


1.7 


47,828 


48.9 


26,693 


35.7 



*Decrease. 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 243 



CITIES 
Kansas. 



Kausas City 

Topeka 

Wichita *. . . 

Kentucky. 

Covington 

Lexington 

Louisville . . .' 

Newport 

Louisiana. 

New Orleans 

Shreveport 

Maine. 

Bangor 

Lewiston 

Portland 

Maryland. 

Baltimore 

Cumberland 

Hagerstown 

Massachusetts. 

Boston 

Brockton 

Brookline Town 

Cambridge 

Chelsea 

Chicopee 

Everett 

Fall River 

Fitchburg 

Haverhill 

Holyoke 

Lawrence 

Lowell 

Lynn 

Maiden 

Medford 

New Bedford 

Newton 

Pittsfield 

Quincy 

Kevere 

Salem 

Somerville 

Springfield 

Taunton 

Waltham 

Worcester 

Michigan. 

Battle Creek 

Bay City 

Detroit 

Flint 

♦Decrease. 



r- Population ^ 


of In- 


1920 


1910 


crease 


101.177 


82.331 


22.9 


50,022 


43,684 


14.5 


72,128 


52,450 


37.5 


57,121 


53,270 


7.2 


41,534 


35,099 


18.3 


234,891 


223.928 


4.9 


29,317 


30,309 


*3.3 


387,219 


339,075 


14.2 


43,874 


28,015 


56.6 


25,978 


24,803 


4.7 


31,791 


26,247 


21.1 


69,272 


58,571 


18.3 


733,826 


558,485 


31.4 


29,837 


21,839 


36.6 


28,066 


16,507 


70.0 


748,060 


670,585 


11.6 


66,138 


56.878 


16.3 


37,748 


27,792 


35.8 


109,694 


104,839 


4.6 


43,184 


32,452 


33.1 


36,214 


25.401 


42.6 


40,120 


33,484 


19.8 


120,485 


119,295 


1.0 


41,013 


37,826 


8.4 


53,884 


44,115 


22.1 


60,203 


57,730 


■ 4.3 


94,270 


85,892 


9.8 


112,759 


106,294 


6.1 


99,148 


89,336 


11.0 


49,103 


44,404 


10.6 


39,038 


23.150 


68.6 


121,217 


96,652 


25.4 


46,054 


39.806 


15.7 


41,751 


32,121 


30.0 


47,876 


32,642 


46.7 


28,823 


18.219 


58.2 


42,527 


43,697 




93,091 


77,236 


20.5 


129.563 


88,926 


45.7 


37,137 


34.259 


8.4 


30,915 


27,834 


11.1 


179,754 


145,986 


23.1 


36,164 


25,267 


43.1 


47,554 


45,166 


5.3 


993,739 


465,766 


113.4 


91,599 


38,550 


137.6 



244 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 

CITIES r- Popul 
192D 

Grauil Eapids 137. (j34 

Hamtramck Village 48.615 

Highland Park 46.499 

Jackson 48,tJ74 

Kalamazoo 48,858 

Lansing 57,327 . 

Muskegon 36.570 

Pontiac 34.273 

Port Huron 25,944 

Saginaw 61,903 

Minnesota. 

Duluth 98,917 

Minneapolis 380,582 

St. Paul 234,595 

Missouri. 

Jopliu 29,855 

Kansas City 324,410 

St. Joseph 77.939 

St. Louis 772,897 

Springfield 39,631 

Montana. 

Butte 41.611 39.165 

Nebraska. 

Lincoln 54.934 

Omaha 191.601 

New Hampshire. 

Manchester 78,384 

Nashua 28,379 

New Jersey. 

Atlantic City 50,682 

Eayonne 76.754 

Camden 116,309 

Clifton 26.470 

East Orange 50.710 

Elizabeth 95,682 

Hoboken 68,166 

Irvington Town 25,480 

Jersey City 297,864 

Kearny 26,724 

Montclair 28,810 

Xew Brunswick 32,779 

Newark 414,216 

Orange 33,268 

Passaic 63,824 

Paterson 135,866 

Perth Amboy 41,707 

Plainfield 27.700 

Trenton 119,289 

West Hoboken Town 40,068 

West New York Town 29.926 



ation — 


of In- 


1910 


crease 


112.. 571 


22.3 


3.559 


1,266.0 


4.120 


1,028.6 


31,433 


53.9 


39,437 


23.9 


31,229 


83.6 


24,062 


52.0 


14,532 


135.8 


18,863 


37.5 


50,510 


22.6 


78,466 


26.1 


301,408 


26.3 


214,744 


9.2 


32,073 


*6.9 


248,381 


30.6 


77.403 


0.7 


687,029 


12.5 


35,201 


12.6 



43.973 


24.9 


124,096 


54.4 


70.063 


11.9 


26.005 


9.1 


46.150 


9.8 


55.545 


38.2 


94,538 


23.0 


11,869 


123.0 


34,371 


47.5 


73.409 


30.3 


70.324 


*3.1 


11,877 


114.5 


267,779 


1L2 


18.659 


43.2 


21.. 550 


33.7 


23.388 


40.2 


347.469 


19.2 


29,630 


12.3 


54.773 


16.5 


125,600 


8.2 


32.121 


29.8 


20.550 


34.8 


96.815 


23.2 


35.403 


13.2 


13.560 


120.7 



♦Decrease. 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



245 



CITIES 

New York. 

Albany 

Amsterdam 

Auburn 

Bingbamton 

Buffalo 

Elmira 

Jamestown 

Kingston 

Mount Vernon 

New Rochelle 

New York City 5, 

Manhattan Borougb 2, 

Bronx Borougb 

Brooklyn Borougb 2 

Queens Borougb 

Ricbmond Borough 

Newburgb 

Niagara Falls 

Poughkeepsie 

Rochester 

Rome 

Schenectady 

Syracuse 

Troy 

Utica 

Watertown 

Yonkers 

North Carolina. 

Asheville 

Charlotte 

Wilmington 

Winston-Salem 

Ohio. 

Akron 

Canton 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Dayton 

East Cleveland 

Hamilton 

I a.kew(K)d 

Lima 

I.oraiu 

Mansfield 

Marion 

Newark 

Portsmouth 

Springfield 

Steubenville 

Toledo 

Warren 

Youngstown 

Zanesville 







% 


r- Population — , 


of In- 


1923 


1910 


crease 


113,344 


100.253 


13.1 


33,524 


31.267 


7.2 


36.192 


34.668 


4.4 


66,800 


48,443 


37.9 


506.775 


423,715 


19.6 


45.305 


37,176 


21.9 


38,917 


31,297 


24.3 


26,688 


25,908 


3.0 


42,726 


30,919 


38.2 


36,213 


28,867 


25.4 


,621,151 


4,766,883 


17.9 


,284,103 


2,331,542 


*2.0 


732,016 


430,980 


69.8 


,022.262 


1,634,351 


23.7 


466.811 


284,041 


64.3 


115,959 


85,969 


34.9 


30.366 


27,805 


9.2 


50,760 


30,445 


66.7 


35.000 


27.936 


2.5.3 


295,750 


218.149 


35.6 


26,341 


20.497 


28.5 


88.723 


72.826 


21.8 


171.717 


137.249 


25.1 


72,013 


76.813 


*6.2 


94.1.56 


74.419 


26.5 


31,285 


26,730 


17.0 


100,226 


79,803 


25.6 


28.504 


18.762 


51.9 


46.338 


34.014 


36.2 


33.372 


25,748 


29.6 


48,395 


22,700 


113.2 


208,435 


69,067 


201.8 


87.091 


50.217 


73.4 


401,247 


363.591 


10.4 


796.836 


560.663 


42.1 


237.031 


181.511 


30.6 


152,559 


116.577 


30.9 


oj 090 


9.179 


197.3 


39,675 


35.279 


12.5 


41.732 


15.181 


174.9 


41,306 


30,508 


35.4 


37.295 


28,883 


29.1 


27,824 


20,768 


34.0 


27,891 


18.232 


53.0 


26.718 


25.404 


5.2 


33.011 


23.481 


40.6 


60.840 


46.921 


29.7 


28.508 


22,391 


27.3 


243,109 


168,497 


44.3 


27,050 


11,081 


144.1 


132,358 


79,066 


67.4 


29.569 


28,026 


5.5 



*Decrease. 



246 UNITED STATES CENSUS. 



CITIES r- Population — , of In- 
1920 1910 crease 
Oklahoma. 

Muskogee 30,277 25,278 19.8 

Oklahoma City 91,258 64,205 42.1 

Tusla 72,075 18,182 296.4 

Oregon. 

Portland 258,288 207,214 24.6 

Pennsylvania. 

Allentown 73,502 

Altoona 60,331 

Bethlehem 50,358 

Chester 58,030 

Easton 33,813 

Erie 93,372 

Harrisburg 75,917 

Hazleton 32,277 

Johnstown 67,327 

Lancaster 53,150 

McKeesjxirt 45,975 

New Castle 44,938 

Norristown 32,319 

Philadelphia 1,823,158 

Pittsburgh 588,193 

Reading 107.784 

Scranton 137.783 

Wilkes-Barre 73,833 

Williamsport 36, 198 

York 47,512- 

Rhode Island. 

Cranston 29,407 

Newport 30,255 

Pawtucket 64,248 

Providence 237.595 

Woonsocket 43,496 

South Carolina. 

Charleston 67,957 

Columbia 37,524 

South Dakota. 

Sioux Falls 25,176 14,094 

Tennessee. 

Chattanooga 57.895 

Knoxville 77,818 

Memphis 162,351 

Nashville 118,342 

Texas, 

Austin 34,876 

Peaumont 40,422 

Dallas 158,976 

El Paso 77,543 

Fort Worth 106,482 

Galveston 44.255 

Houston 138.076 

Sau Antonio 161.379 

Waco 38.500 

Wichita Falls 40,079 



51,913 


41.6 


52,127 


15.7 


12,837 


292.3 


38,537 


50.6 


28,523 


18.5 


66.525 


40.4 


64,186 


18.3 


25,452 


26.8 


55,482 


21.3 


47,227 


12.5 


42,694 


7.7 


36,280 


23.9 


27,875 


15.9 


.549,008 


17.7 


533,905 


10.2 


96,071 


12.2 


129,867 


6.1 


67.105 


10.0 


31.860 


13.6 


44,750 


6.2 


21.107 


39.3 


27,149 


11.4 


51.622 


24.5 


224,326 


5.9 


38,125 


14.1 


58.833 


15.5 


26,319 


42.6 



44,604 


29.8 


36,346 


114.1 


131.105 


23.8 


110,364 


7.2 


29,860 


16.8 


20,640 


95.8 


92,104 


72.6 


39,279 


97.4 


73.312 


45.2 


36.9S1 


19.7 


78,800 


75.2 


96,614 


67.0 


26.425 


45.7 


8,200 


388.8 



UNITED STATES CENSUS. 247 



CITIES 
Utah. 



Ogden 

Salt Lake City 

Virginia. 

Lynchburg 

Newport News 

Norfolk 

Petersburg 

Portsmouth , 

Richmond 

Roanoke 

Washington. 

Eellingham 

Everett 

Seattle 

Spokane 

Tacoma 

West Virginia. 

Charleston 

Clarksburg 

Huntington 

Wheeling 

Wisconsin. 

Green Bay 

Kenosha 

La Crosse 

Madison 

Milwaukee 

Oshkosh 

Racine 

Sheboygan 

Superior 







% 


r- Population — ^ 


of In- 


1920 


1910 


crease 


32,804 


25.580 


28.2 


118,110 


92,777 


27.3 


29.956 


29,494 


1.6 


35,596 


20,205 


76.2 


115,777 


67,452 


71.6 


31,002 


24.127 


28.5 


54,387 


33.190 


63.9 


171,667 


127,628 


34.5 


50,842 


34,874 


45.8 
i 


25.. 570 


24.298 


- .. 


27,644 


24,814 


11.4 


315,652 


237,194 


33.1 


104.437 


104.402 


t 


96,965 


83,743 


1.5.8 


30.608 


22.996 


72.2 


27.869 


9.201 


202.9 


50.177 


31.161 


61.0 


54,322 


41,641 


30.5 


31.017 


25,2.36 


22.9 


40,472 


21,371 


89.4 


30,363 


30,417 


*0.2 


38,. 378 


25,. 531 


50.3 


4.57.147 


373,8.57 


22.3 


33.162 


33,062 


0.3 


.58„593 


38.002 


54.2 


30.9.55 


26,398 


17.3 


39,624 


40,384 


*1.9 



*DecrePse. 

fLess than one-tentli of one per cent. 



248 BIOGRAPHIES. 



BIOGRAPHIES 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



EDWARD IRVING EDWARDS. 

Governor Edwards was born in that part of Jersey 
City formerly known as the Town of Bergen, Decem- 
ber 1st, 1863. He is a son of William W. Edwards and 
Emma J. Edwards, both of whom are now deceased. 
His father was a native of Wales, and his mother of 
England. He received his education at Public School 
No. 12, Jersey City High School and New York Univer- 
sity. After leaving college he entered the law office of 
his brother, the late Senator William D. Edwards, but 
discontinued the study of the law to accept a position 
with the First National Bank, Jersey City, where he 
remained for about seven years, during which time he 
studied carefully the subject of finance and taxation. 
Overstudy and the confining nature of his work com- 
pelled him to sever his connections with the bank, 
and for several years thereafter he was interested in 
the general contracting business as a mem^ber of the 
firm of Edwards Brothers. 

He served as Clerk to the Martin Act Commission 
during 'the busy years of that board, and was consid- 
ered an authority on all matters relating to taxation. 
In 1903, at the request of the late Edward F. C. Young, 
then President of the First National Bank, Jersey 
City, he again became connected with that bank as 
an assistant to the President. He thereafter becamfe 
Cashier and a Director, and finally President of this 
important institution, which position he holds at the 
present time. 

Upon the election of Woodrow Wilson as Governor, 
and the control of the Legislature of 1912 by the 
Democratic Party, Mr. Edwards" knowledge of finance 
and taxation made him the logical choice for the posi- 
tion of Comptroller of the Treasury, and on February 
7th, 1911, he was elected for the term of three years. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 249 

In 1913 he became a candidate for the office of State 
Treasurer, but by reason of the factional differences in 
the Democratic Party his election was opposed by 
Governor Wilson and other leaders, and 'he was de- 
feated. He was one of the leaders In the movement 
w^hich finally brought about the adoption of the com- 
mission form of governmen-t for Jersey City. He was 
also actively engaged in the campaigns which resulted 
in the nomination and election of James F. Fielder as 
Governor. Mr. Edwards was re-elected Comptroller 
of the Treasury for a further term of three years on 
February 20th, 1914. During the six years thus served 
as Comptroller .he succeeded in having passed the Re- 
quisition Act, and by compelling a strict compliance 
with all of its requirements he establisiied the "Pay 
As You Go" policy. He also succeeded in having 
passed the amendments to the Inheritance Tax stat- 
utes whereby the annual revenue derived from this 
source was increased from $750,000 to approximately 
$4,000,000. The constitutionality of these amend- 
ments have been upheld by the Supreme Court and 
the Court of Errors and Appeals of the State of New 
Jersey, and .by the Supreme Court of the United States. 

Possibly the greatest degree of confidence in the 
ability and judgment of Mr. Edwards was evidenced 
by the Republican Legislature of 1915, when it incor- 
porated in the Appropriation Act the following provi- 
sion: 

"The Comptroller of the Treasury is hereby empow- 
ered and it shall ibe his duty in the disbursement of 
funds available for the general uses of the State, to 
first provide for the maintenance of the administration 
of the government of the State, and of its courts, and 
of its penal, correctional and charitable institutions, 
and to apply the remainder of such available funds in 
such manner and to such purpose for which appropria- 
tion may have been made as in his judgment may best 
conserve the interest of the State." 

Mr. Edwards retired from the office of State Comp- 
troller in 1917, but on November 5th, 1918, he returned 
to public life as Staje Senator from Hudson County, 
having been elected to fill the unexpired term of Cor- 
nelius McGlennon, who had resigned to become a can- 
didate for Congress. The demand that he become a 
candidate for Governor became so Insistent that not- 



250 biographip:s. 

withstanding- a strong- desire to retir<<; rrom public life 
and to devote his time to his private business affairs, 
he yielded to the State-wide sentiment and announced 
his candidacy. Never an orator or debater, Mr. Ed- 
wards nevertheless made an effective campaign by 
frankly stating and steadfastly maintaining his atti- 
tude on all matters of public interest. He fought 
hard but clean and established for himself 'the reputa- 
tion of being a man of conviction and great courage. 
In the contest for the nomination he defeated James 
Nugent of Essex County. Notwithstanding the plu- 
rality of 69,647 by which Governor Edge was elected 
in 1916, Mr. Edwards was elected Governor over N. A. 
K, Bugbee, the Republican candidate, by a plurality 
approximating 15,000. 

Governor Edwards had the united support of the 
New Jersey Democracy for the Presidential nomina- 
tion at the San Francisco Convention in June, 1920, 
and, besides the votes of the entire New Jersey dele- 
gation in that Convention, received votes for several 
ballots from other States as well. 

Early in his life Mr. Edwards took an active part in 
the State Militia, being a member of Company F, 4th 
Regiment, Jersey City. He passed through the various 
ranks and became Captain, in which capacity he served 
for several years. Like all one hundred per cent 
Americans, Mr. Edwards took a deep interest in war 
work, and gave freely of his energy and ability to the 
Allied cause. His son, E. I. Edwards, Jr., served dur- 
ing the war and was overseas for almost two years, 
returning to this country at the close of the war. 

Mr. Edwards was married on November 14, 1888, to 
Miss Jule Blanche Smith, daughter of Captain and 
Mrs. William Smith. They have a son. Captain E. I. 
Edwards, Jr., and a daughter. Miss Elizabeth Edwards. 
Mr. Edwards is a vestryman of Saint Paul's Episcopal 
Church of Jersey City. He is a member of Bergen 
Lodge, F. & A. M., of Jersey City, American Banking 
Association, New Jersey State Bankers' Association, 
Zeta Psi Fraternity, and many other social fraternities 
and civic organizations. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 251 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



JOSEPH S. FRELINGHUYSEN, Raritan. 

Senator Freling-huysen was born March 12th, 1869, 
at Raritan, N. J., and has al\\-aj-s made that town his 
home. His ancestor, Rev. Theodorus Jacobus Fre- 
linghuysen, came from Holland in 1720 and was the 
pioneer in establishing the Reformed Dutch Church in 
New Jersey. Major-General Frederick Frelinghuysen, 
who served with great distinction in the Revolutionary 
war, and who was a member of the Continental Con- 
gress, was his great grandfather. General John Fre- 
linghuysen, an officer in the war of 1812, was his 
grandfather. Theodore Frelinghuysen, United States 
Senator, Chancellor of the University of New York, 
and candidate for Vice-President with Henry Clay on 
the Whig ticket, was a great uncle. His father, 
Frederick John Frelinghuysen, was a prominent lawyer 
and closely identified with the political and religious 
life of Somerset county. 

Senator Frelinghuysen's inclination for and ac- 
tivity in public affairs is a natural heritage. Forced 
by stress of circumstances to surrender his natural 
inclination for a college education, he, after preparing 
for college at the Somerville Grammar school, ob- 
tained employment as clerk in a fire insurance office, 
and has since that time built up a business in New 
York City which is recognized as one of the foremost 
general agencies in the country, representing nearly 
a score of large and profitably conducted fire insurance 
companies. 

Senator Frelinghuysen served eight years in Troop 
3, Squadron A Cavalry, New York, and rose to the 
position of Second Lieutenant. At the outbreak of 
the Spanish-American war he went to the front as 
Second Lieutenant of the troop formed from that or- 
ganization. For special services rendered in that 
campaign he was recommended to the President by 
Brigadier-General Guy V. Henry, his commanding of- 
ficer, for promotion to Brevet First Lieutenant for 
zealous and efficient services in Porto Rico. 



252 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He served several years as chairman of the Somerset 
County Republican Executive Committee. In 1902, he 
made his first campaign for political honors as a 
candidate for State Senator and under the most ad- 
verse conditions was defeated by Samuel S. Childs, 
Democrat, by a small plurality. In 1905, he was 
again nominated for the same position against the 
same opponent, and was elected by a plurality of 1,056, 
and in 1908, he was re-elected to the Senate, over 
Colonel Nelson Y. Dungan, Democrat. During his ca- 
reer as State Senator he has always taken a prominent 
part in legislation. He was the father of the famous 
Frelinghuysen Automobile law, generally recognized 
as one of the most efficient enactments on the subject 
yet passed in this country. He has also secured the 
enactment of many acts of especial benefit to the 
agricultural industry of the State. He was instru- 
mental in having the live stock commission created 
and while serving on a special commission to investi- 
gate the school system secured knowledge which he 
later utilized in framing various bills for the thorough 
re-organization of the school system. He was one of 
the special committee who drafted the present Civil 
Service law, and in 1909, he served as chairman of 
the Special Committee on Finance, also other impor- 
tant committees and in other years he held influential 
assignments in the preparation of legislation. 

He was party leader on the floor of the Senate in 

1909, and upon the resignation of President Robbins 
he was unanimously elected as his successor in the 
chair. He was re-elected President of the Senate in 

1910, During the absence of Governor Fort from the 
State in those years, Senator Frelinghuysen, by vir- 
tue of his position, served as Acting Governor. 

He was chosen President of the State Board of 
Agriculture in 1912, and still holds that position. Upon 
the creation of the New State Board of Education in 

1911, Governor Wilson appointed Mr. Frelinghuysen 
a member of that body for a term of two years, and 
in 1913 he was given a full term of eight years. He 
became President of the board in 1915. 

Senator Frelinghuysen is active in social and 
philanthropic enterprises; is a member of the New 
York Chamber of Commerce; N. J. State Chamber of 
Commerce; Down Town Association; Raritan Valley 



BIOGRAPHIES. 253 

Grange No. 153; the Union League Club, of New York; 
of the Somerville Board of Trade; Solomon's Lodge 
No. 46, F. and A. M.; Somerville Lodge No. 885, B. 
P. O. E., Plainfield, and is trustee of the Somerset 
hospital. 

At the primary election held on September 26th, 
1916, for United States Senator and Governor, Senator 
Frelinghuysen for the former office received a plu- 
rality of 7,878 votes over ex-Governor Franklin 
Murphy. At the regular election held on November 
7th, he received a plurality of 74,696 over James E. 
Martine, Democrat. 

1916 — Frelinghuysen, Rep., 244,715; Martine, Dem., 
170,019; Doughty, Soc, 13,358; Barbour, Pro., 7,178; 
Katz, Soc.-Lab., 1,826. 



WALTER EVANS EDGE, Atlantic City. 

• 

Senator Edge was born in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 20th, 1873. Shortly afterward his 
father moved to Pleasantville, New Jersey, a com- 
munity located five miles from Atlantic City. There 
the boy entered the public schools and graduated. 
This was all the schoolroom education that he was 
destined to receive, for stress of circumstances made 
it necessary for him to forego a college course and 
to earn a living. 

"With scarcely more than a dollar of capital, but 
with an ambition which is characteristic, Walter Edge 
started to earn money in the humble, but strenuous 
post of "printer's devil" at the Atlantic Review, At- 
lantic City's oldest newspaper. Later, at the age of 
sixteen, he secured a position with the Dorland Ad- 
vertising Agency of Atlantic City. At the time this 
was merely a local business, specializing in hotel ad- 
vertising. Young Edge took such a keen interest in it 
and displayed such aptitude that when the proprietor 
died, about two years later, he purchased the business. 

Given a free rein under his own management. Edge 
aimed high. Plans for developing the business be- 
yond Atlantic City, throughout the country and even 
into Europe did not prove visionary. He started a 
daily newspaper in Atlantic City and put into practice 
a co-operative advertising idea in which his news- 



254 BIOGRAPHIES. 

paper, his advertising agency and newspapers 
thoughout the country participated. In a remarkably 
short time Atlantic City and its famous hotels and 
attractions became advertised from one end of the 
earth to the other. All hotel men in Atlantic City 
cheerfully testify to the part which Edge played in 
giving the map its "greatest resort." The agency de- 
veloped until its field became first national, handling 
advertising north, south, east and west in the United 
States, and then international, advertising outputs of 
Europe. Edge opened offices in New York, London, 
Paris, Berlin and elsewhere. His newspaper, the At- 
lantic City Daily Press, progressed from a mere hotel 
advertising medium to the leading news medium of 
Atlantic City. In the meantime Edge purchased the 
Atlantic City Evening Union and conducted it as the 
afternoon edition of his morning publication. Later, 
as the time which he devoted to private business be- 
came wholly occupied with his growing international 
advertising business and his activities in home bank- 
ing and other institutions, he leased both newspapers 
to a company, consisting of young men who had been 
faithful in his employ, and he is not now in any 
way connected with their management. 

In politics, as in business, Walter Edge began as 
an apprentice. In business life he started as an office 
boy, with errands to run and floors to sweep; in 
public life, as one of the minor employes of the New 
Jersey Senate. In 1897, '98, '99 he served as Journal 
Clerk of the Senate, and in 1901, '02, '03, '04 was Sec- 
retary of that body. He acquired a taste for military 
life from responding to the call of the country at the 
outbreak of the war with Spain in 1898 and from his 
activities in the Morris Guards an independent mili- 
tary company of Atlantic City which mustered into 
the service during the Spanish-American "War as 
Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. 
Edge was commissioned second lieutenant of this com- 
pany. Some years later he served as captain of Com- 
pany L, Third Regiment, New Jersey National Guard. 
He was a member of the personal staff of Governors 
Murphy and Stokes and subsequently was Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Chief of Ordnance Department on tlie 
staff of Major-General C. Edward Murray, New Jersey 
National Guard. In Atlantic City there is a Walter 



BIOGRAPHIES. 255 

E. Edge Garrison of the Army and Navy Union. Mr. 
Edg-e is also the head of the Boy Scout movement in 
Atlantic county. 

In 1904, Colonel Edge was a presidential elector and 
in 1908, an alternate delegate-at-large to the Republi- 
can National Convention in Chicago. In 1909, he was 
elected to the Assembly from Atlantic county by the 
phenomenal plurality of 7,798 over Burgan, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. Thus "phenomenal pluralities" were 
not exactly new to Colonel Edge when he was elected 
Governor in 1916 by a margin of 69,647 votes — 18,003 
more than the largest plurality ever received by a 
gubernatorial candidate in New Jersey. 

Colonel Edge had the distinction of serving as Re- 
publican leader of the House of Assembly during the 
first year that he occupied a seat in that body. He 
was elected to the State Senate in 1910 by a plurality 
of 5,496 over Langham, Democrat. In 1912, he was 
the majority leader on the floor of the Senate. In 
1913, the Colonel was re-elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 3,990 over Shaner, Democrat. In 1915, he 
served as President of the Senate with much dignity, 
ability and impartiality. For five weeks in 1915 he 
was Acting-Governor of the State while Governor 
Fielder was attending the Panama-Pacific Exposition 
in California, and this brief special "term" was 
characterized by close application to the executive 
duties. 

It was during his service in the Senate, however, 
that the Colonel carved his record for progressive 
legislation and made possible his famous gubernatorial 
slogan of "A Business Man With a Business Plan." 
As member of a research commission he studied con- 
ditions and statutes which resulted in the framing of 
the "Workmen's Compensation act, one of the first 
practical-working laws of the kind in this country. 
He fathered this bill in the legislature. Besides suc- 
cessively completing the task of protecting working 
women with a ten-hour law and securing legislation 
safeguarding factory workers against dangerously- 
constructed workshops and occupational diseases, 
Senator Edge found time to serve as head of the 
Economy and EflSciency Commission which initiated 
legislation eliminating political commissions and con- 
solidating various boards and departments of New 



256 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Jersey in the interest of economy and increased ef- 
ficiency. These bills he personally sponsored and 
fought through to final passage in the legislature 
against bitter political opposition. Later on he in- 
troduced the State Budget System Bill, aimed to sys- 
tematize New Jersey's finances and make the Governor 
the responsible head of the fiscal system. Another 
act which he initiated, creating the Central Pur- 
chasing Bureau, is designed to save money by pur- 
chasing supplies for the State and its institutions on 
a wholesale scale and following a fixed standard. It 
was Senator Edge, too, who thought of legislation 
abolishing the useless State Census, which had cost 
$100,000. 

"With this comprehensive record for constructive 
legislation at his back. Colonel Edge entered the race 
for the office of Governor in 1916 on a platform of 
"business government." His program consisted of a 
pledge to apply ordinary business principles to the 
thirty-million-dollar business of the State of New 
Jersey. His outlined plan designated "the Governor 
as the business manager, the legislature the board of 
directors and the people the stockholders." The 
stockholders approved the record and liked the plan. 

In the first two years of his administration the Gov- 
ernor has succeeded in carrying out the plan; all de- 
partmental activities have been consolidated and co- 
ordinated and New Jersey's institutions have been cen- 
tralized under a single managing head; prison con- 
tracts have been abolished and the State-use system 
substituted. As "War Governor," Edge has ever been 
alert and resourceful. 

Governor Edge "inherited" a taste for public life. 
Two great uncles were members of the Pennsylvania 
Legislature and another for years was Collector of 
the Port of Philadelphia. His great grandfather was 
a judge in the courts of Pennsylvania for forty years. 

On June 5th, 1907, Governor Edge married Lady 
Lee, only daughter of Mrs. Sarah Lee Phillips of 
Memphis, Tennessee. She died suddenly in July, 1915, 
leaving a robust baby boy, Walter Edge, Jr., who is 
now the bright particular star of the Edge household. 
The latter consists of Governor Edge, Mrs. Phillips 
and the little boy. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 257 

Walter Evans Edge was nominated as a candidate 
for Governor at the primary election held on Sep- 
tember 26th, 1916, by a plurality of 3,611 over Austen 
Colgate. At the regular State election held on No- 
vember 7th, 1916, he was elected Governor over H, 
Otto Wittpenn, Democrat, by a plurality of 69,647. 
He was inaugurated on January 16th, 1917, for a term 
of three years. The salary is $10,000 per annum. 

1916 — Edge, Rep., 247,343; Wittpenn, Dem., 177,696; 
Krafft, Soc, 12,900; Vaughan, Nat. Pro., 5,873; But- 
terworth, Soc.-Lab., 2,334. Edge's plurality, 69,647. 

At the primary election held on September 24th, 
1918, Governor Edge was nominated by the Republican 
party for United States Senator to succeed the late 
Senator William Hughes, defeating George L. Record 
by a plurality of 71,575, the total vote being Edge, 88,- 
741; Record, 17,166; Edward W. Gray, 16,958. 

The Governor was elected for the full term of six 
years at the following general election, November 5th, 
with a plurality of 25,279 over George M. LaMonte, 
Dem. 

1918— Edge, Rep., 179,022; LaMonte, Dem., 153,743; 
Reilly, Soc, 14,723; Wallace, Single Tax, 2,352; Day, 
Nat. Pro., 5,816. Edge's plurality, 25,279. This includes 
both the civilian and soldier vote. 

The Governor resigned his office on May 16 and 
took the oath of office as United States Senator May 
19th, 1919. His term will expire in 1925. 




New Jersey Congressional Districts. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 259 

NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Gloucester and Salem Counties. 

FRANCIS F. PATTERSON, JR. 

(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Patter&on was born in Newark, N. J., July 30th, 
1867. He was educated at the Woodbury Academy and 
early took up newspaper work with his father, F. F. 
Patterson, Sr., who established the Camden Courier in 
1862. The subject of this sketch was New Jersey editor 
of the Philadelphia Record from 1891 to 1894. For 
many years past he has been the manager of the Cam- 
den Post-Telegram. Mr. Patterson was a member of 
the New Jersey Assembly in 1900, and from 1901 to 
1921 he was County Clerk of Camden County, having 
been elected for four terms, no other clerk ever having 
served more than two terms. Affable, but forceful, 
Mr. Patterson is very popular and a recognized leader 
in the Republican party in South Jersey. He is a mem- 
ber of many clubs and fraternal organizations, is 
president of the West Jersey Trust Company and the 
Pyne Point Building and Loan Association. 

At the November election in 1920 he was elected to 
Congress for the short term to fill the vacancy caused 
by the death of William J. Browning and for the full 
term beginning March 4th, 1921. 

Mr. Patterson was married in 1896 to Isabelle 
F. Leyburne and they have two sons in college and 
two daughters at school. The Patterson home is at 327 
Cooper Street, Camden. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland and Burlington 

Counties. 

ISAAC BACHARACH. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Bacharach was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Janu- 
ary 5th, 1870, and is in the real estate business. He Is 
a graduate of the Atlantic City High School of the 



260 BIOGRAPHIES. 

class of 1885. He is a director of the Second National 
Bank of Atlantic City, the Pleasantville Trust Com- 
pany and the Atlantic Safe Deposit and Trust Com- 
pany; treasurer of the South Jersey Title and Finance 
Company, and president of the Atlantic City Lumber 
Company. Mr. Bacharach was a member of the Coun- 
cil of Atlantic City from January 1st, 1907, to January 
1st, 1910, and was re-elected to that body for another 
term of three years from January 1st, 1910. He was 
elected to the House of Assembly in 1912. In 1914 
he was elected to Congress; in 1916 re-elected, and 
again in 1918 by a plurality of 12,134 over French, 
Dem. He was re-elected for a fifth term in 1920. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 

Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean Counties. 

THEODORE FRANKLIN APPLEBY. 

(Rep., Asbury Park.) 

Mr. Appleby was born at Old Bridge, Middlesex 
County, N. J., October 10th, 1864. He was educated in 
the Asbury Park Schools, Pennington Seminary and 
Fort Edward Institute, from which latter he grad- 
uated in 1885. For the past thirty-five years he has 
been engaged in the real estate business. He is now 
President of the T. Frank Appleby Company, a cor- 
poration with its m.ain office in Asbury Park and with 
branches at AUenhurst and Bradley Beach. 

Mr. Appleby has been unusually active in public and 
civic affairs in Asbury Park. He served two terms as 
Mayor of that city, was ten .years on the Board of 
Education there and for several years was a member 
of Common Council and five times President of that 
body. He also was a member of the State Board of 
Education from 1894 to 1902. Mr. Appleby took an 
active part in the acquisition by Asbury Park of the 
ocean beach front from Founder James A. Bradley. 

The Congressman's political activities include his 
having been a delegate to the Republican National 
Convention in 1896 and having served one term on the 
Monmouth County Tax Board. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 261 

In the business field Mr. Appleby is a Director of 
the Asbury Park and Ocean Grove Bank, Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Asbury Park Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, member of the Asbury Park Chamber of Com- 
merce and member of the New Jersey Fire Insurance 
Underwriters, as well as the Real Estate League of 
New Jersey. 

Mr. Appleby was elected to the Sixty-seventh Con- 
gress b\' a plurality of 26,302 over Dr. William E. 
Ramsay, Democrat, of Perth Amboy. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Hunterdon, Somerset and Mercer Counties. 

ELIJAH C. HUTCHINSON 

(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Hutchinson was born at Windsor, Mercer county, 
N. J., August 7th, 1855, and is a merchant miller. He 
has been treasurer of the Trenton Bone and Ferti- 
lizer Company since its organization in July, 1889, 
and its manager since 1892. He does a large business 
with his flour mill and grain elevator, which are 
situated in Hamilton township, also President of the 
Trenton Flour Mills Co. in Trenton, and has large 
interests in two potteries, being Vice-President of 
N. J. China Pottery Co. and Treasurer of Cochran, 
Drugan & Co., and is a Director of Broad St. Bank 
and Mercer Trust Co. He was a director of the Inter- 
State Fair Association and was its first treasurer, 
having served three years in that position. 

Mr, Hutchinson was a member of the House of As- 
sembly in 1896-97; State Senator, 1899-1904, and Presi- 
dent of the Senate 1903. He served as State Road 
Commissioner three years — 1905-8. In 1914 he was 
elected to the National House of Representatives, re- 
elected in 1916 and again in 191S and 1920. 



262 BIOGRAPHIES. 

FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Union and Morris Counties. 

ERNEST R. ACKERMAN. 

(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Mr. Ackerman was born in New Torlc City, June 
17th, 1863, and is a cement manufacturer. He was 
educated in the Plainfield public schools; graduated 
from the High School with the class of 1880. He be- 
came a member of the Plainfield Common Council, serv- 
ing for the years 1891 and 1892. In 1905 he was elected 
to the State Senate and re-elected in 1908. In 1911 
he was elected President of the State Senate, and dur- 
ing Governor Wilson's absence from the State he 
served as Acting Governor of New Jersey on several 
occasions. The passage of the first Civil Service law 
was largely due to his efforts and he introduced and 
pushed to final passage the first Employers' Liability 
Bill in New Jersey. He was Secretary of the New 
Jersey Presidential Electors in 1897, and was a dele- 
gate to the Repulican National conventions of 1908 and 
1916. 

Mr. Ackerman is President of the Lawrence Portland 
Cement Company; a Director of the Plainfield Trust 
Company; a Trustee of the New Jersey State Chamber 
of Commerce; a Trustee of Rutgers College; a member 
of the Cliamber of Commerce of the United States of 
America; a Director of the Young Men's Christian 
Association and a member of the Plainfield Boy Scouts 
Council; a member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers and a member of the Engineers Club of 
New York. He belongs to the Union League Club, the 
Bankers Club of America and India House of New York 
City; is a member of the Chamber of Commerce of New 
York, the Merchants Association of New York, serving 
on the Committees of Commercial Law and City Traffic. 
He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education by Governor Edge for the unexpired term 
to July 1st, 1921, of the Hon. Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, 
elected United States Senator. 

Mr. Ackerman was elected a member of the National 
House of Representatives on November 5th, 1918, and 
re-elected in 1920. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 263 

SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Bergen, Sussex and Warren Counties and the Town- 
ships of Pompton and Milford in Passaic County, 
RANDOLPH PERKINS. 
(Rep., Woodcliff Lake Borough.) 

Mr. Perkins was born in Dunellen, New Jersey, on 
November 30th, 1871. son of James H. and Elizabeth 
Perkins; admitted to the New Jersey Bar in June, 
1893; elected Mayor of We&tfield, Union County, April, 
1905; menjber of the New Jersey House of Assembly 
from Union County, 1905, 1906 and 1907, majority leader 
in 1906; Chairman of the Repu'blican County Com- 
mittee Bergen County, from 1911 to 1916, inclusive; 
elected to the House of Representatives in Congress in 
1920, over Thomas Shields, Democrat, plurality 28,570. 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Passaic County, excepting the Townships of Pompton 

and West Milford. 

AMOS H. RADCLIFFE. 

(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Radcliffe was born in Paterson, January 16th, 
1870. He attended the public schools and was gradu- 
ated from the Paterson High School. He entered his 
father's shop as an apprentice to the blacksmith trade, 
and in the meantime he spent a year at the New York 
Trade Schools at night time, from which he was 
graduated. He spent two years at night time under 
instruction as draughtsman, and entered into partner- 
ship with his father and brother in 1896, and upon the 
incorporation of the James Radcliffe & Sons Company 
in 1907 he was made Secretary, which ofRce he still 
holds with the firm. 

Mr. Radcliffe served six years in the State National 
Guard and was honorably discharged as a sergeant. 

Mr. Radcliffe served in the Assembly five years, 
from 1907 to 1912. He was elected Sheriff of Passaic 
county in 1912. In 1915 he won the Republican nomi- 
nation for Mayor of Paterson and was elected by a 

9 



264 BIOGRAPHIES. 

plurality of 1,573 over J. Willard DeYoe, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. In 1917 he was re-elected as Mayor 
by a plurality of 3,385 over John Stafford, Democrat. 
He was elected to the Sixty-sixth Congress by a plu- 
rality of 3,934, defeating Judge Joseph A. Delaney, 
Dem. He was re-elected to the Sixty-seventh Con- 
gress in 1920. 

Mr. Radcliffe is a member of practically all the 
leading clubs and fraternal organizations in Paterson. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The Eighth, Eleventh and Fifteenth ward® of the 
city of Newark, the towns of Belleville, Bloomfleld 
and Nutley, all in the county of Essex, and the 
towns of Harrison and Kearny, the borough of East 
Newark, the Seventh ward of the city of Jersey 
City and the city of Bayonne, all in the county of 
Hudson. 

HERBERT W. TAYLOR. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Taylor was born in Belleville, N. J., on February 
19th, 1869. He was educated in the public schools of 
Belleville and Harrison and studied law in the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York, where he finished 
his course in 1891. In early life before taking up the 
practice of law Mr. Taylor did newspaper work. Mr. 
Taylor has had an unusually active political career. 
He served in the Newark Common Council from the 
Eighth Ward from 1899 to 1903 and was a member of 
the New Jersey Assembly during the sessions of 1904 
and 1905. For four years, from 1913 to 1917, .he was 
chairman of the Essex County Republican Committee 
and from 1916 to 1919 he was County Counsel of Essex 
County. At present he is County Attorney for the 
same county. 

Mr. Taylor in 1895 married Miss Florence Watson of 
Belleville, N. J., and they have five children, tiiree 
girls and two boys. 

Besides being an attorney and counselor in New 
Jersey, Mr. Taylor has also been admitted to practice 
in New York. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 265 

The Congressman was elected to the Sixty-seventh 
Congress at the November, 1920, election, defeating 
the then incumbent, Cornelius A. McGlennon. 



XIXTH DISTRICT. 

The cities of East Orange and Orange and the First, 
Third, Sixth, Seventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth 
Wards of the City of Newark. 

RICHARD WAYNE PARKER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Parker was born August 6th, 1848, in Morris- 
town, New Jersey, and is a son of the late Cortlandt 
Parker of Newark. He has lived in Newark all his 
life and was graduated in 1864 at Phillips Academy, 
Andover; at Princeton College in 1867, Columbia Col- 
lege Law School in 1869, was admitted to the New 
Jersey Bar in June, 1870, and was made Counselor in 
June, 1873. He began his practice in Newark with 
the law firm of Parker & Keasby, and continued under 
the title of Cortlandt and Wayne Parker. He was a 
member of the New Jersey Legislature in 1885 and 
1886; was defeated for Congress in 1892; was elected 
in 1894, and thereafter serving from 1895 to 1911; 
was defeated at the next two elections, and in 1914 
was elected again and continued to serve until 1919. 
At the November election in 1920 he was once more 
elected, receiving a plurality of 12,001 over Congress- 
man Daniel Minihan, Democrat. Mr. Parker ^has led 
a very active career both as a lawyer and a legislator. 
His ability and industry were marked not only in the 
New Jersey Legislature, ibut also in the National House 
of Representatives, where he has alreadj' served eight 
consecutive terms. 



266 BIOGRAPHIES. 

TENTH DISTRICT. 

The Second, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth and 
Sixteenth wards of the city of Newark, the towns 
of Irvington, Montclair and West Orange, the bor- 
oughs of Caldwell, Essex Fells, Glen Ridge, North 
Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, and the 
townships of Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Livingston, 
Millburn, South Orange and the village of South 
Orange, all in the county of Essex. 

FREDERICK R. LEHLBACH. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Lehlbach was born in New York City, January 
31st, 1876. Upon the death of his father in 1884 he 
moved to Newark where he has since resided. He 
attended the public schools of Newark and went from 
the High School to Yale University, graduating there- 
from in the class of 1897. He then studied law in the 
New York Law School and was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey in February, 1899, and has practiced his 
profession since that time. Mr. Lehlbach has been 
an active worker for the success of the Republican 
party since attaining his majority and he has served 
as a member of the Essex County Republican Com- 
mittee. In 1899 he was elected a member of the Board 
of Education of Newark from the Third ward, and 
in 1902 he was elected to the House of Assembly and 
served three years, 1903, 1S04, 1905, from Essex 
county. During his term he took an active part in 
legislation. Upon the organization of the State Board 
of Equalization of Taxes he was appointed clerk of 
that body for a term of five years, and served in that 
office from March, 1905, until April, 1908, when he 
resigned to accept the office of Second Assistant 
Prosecutor of the Pleas of Essex County. Shortly 
thereafter he was promoted to First Assistant Prose- 
cutor, which office he resigned in April, 1913, Since 
then he has been practicing law in Newark, being 
the senior member of the firm of Lehlbach & Van 
Duyne. Mr. Lehlbach was a member of the Sixty- 
fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses and was re-elected 
to the Sixty-sixth by a plurality of 587 over Flanagan, 
Dem. Again Mr. Lehlbach was elected in 19i20 to the 
Sixty-seventh Congress. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 267 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 

The townships of Weehawken and North Bergen, the 
towns of Guttenberg-, West Hoboken, West New 
York and Union and the borough of Secaucus, the 
city of Hoboken and the Second ward in the city 
of Jersey City, all in the county of Hudson. 

DR. ARCHIBALD E. OLPP. 
(Rep., West Hoboken.) 

Dr. Olpp, who is the first Republican to be elected to 
Congress from the Eleventh District since it was 
created ten years ago, is a practicing physician and 
was formerly a chemist. He was born in Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania, May 12th, 1882, and received his early 
education at the Moravian Public School, from which 
he graduated in 1899. Four years later he graduated 
from Lehigh University. Subsequently he took a med- 
ical course at the University of Pennsylvania and fin- 
ished there in 1908. 

Mr, Olpp's prior public offices consist of his having 
been town physician of West Hoboken from 1913 to 
1915 and to having been twice chosen school physician 
of Secaucus. 

In the election in November, 1920, Mr. Olpp was 
elected to Congress over John J. Egan, Democrat, who 
served the district for four successive terms. 



TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

The First, Third, Fourth. Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth, 
Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth wards of Jersey City, 
all in the county of Hudson. 

CHARLES F. X. O'BRIEN. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. O'Brien is a native of Jersey City. He is .a 
graduate of Fordham University, New York, having 
received the degrees of A.B. and A.M. After finishing 
his college course he studied law at the New York 
Law School and was subsequently admitted as a mem- 
ber of the New Jersey bar. 



268 BIOGRAPHIES. 

When Commission Government was first established 
in Jersey City, Mr. O'Brien was appointed Judge of the 
Second Criminal Court, and later was one of the five 
successful City Commissioners elected by the people. 
At the conference among- the Commissioners he was 
chosen Director of Public Safetj. 

At the Democratic National Convention held in San 
Francisco, June, 1920, Mr. O'Brien was selected to 
make the nominating speech placing the name of Gov- 
ernor Edwards before the Convention as the Demo- 
cratic Presidential nominee, and his oration was re- 
garded as one of the big events of the Convention. 

Upon the record he made as Judge and as one of the 
Jersey City Commissioners, Mr. O'Brien was elected 
to the Sixty-seventh Congress by more than five thou- 
sand majority, although the rest of the Democratic 
ticket was overwhelmin.gly defeated, he being the only 
Democrat elected to Congress from New Jersey. 

Mr. O'Brien belongs to a number of social and fra- 
ternal organizations in Hudson County. He is 
married and lives with his wife and three children at 
No. 407 Bergen Avenue, Jersey City. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 269 



STATE SENATORS.. 



Atlantic County. 

CHARLES OOUGHTY WHITE. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Senator White was born at Denton, Md., July 8th, 
1875, and is a hotel proprietor. He is son of Josiah 
White, formerly of Philadelphia, Pa., and Mary Kirby 
Allen, of Haddonfield, N. J. He lived on a farm at 
Denton until 1887, and moved to Atlantic City that 
year. He attended public schools and High School, 
also Swarthmore College, being a member of the class 
of 1895 — arts course. He was graduated from the 
University of Pennsylvania, class of 1896 — law. The 
Senator practiced law in Philadelphia five years and 
then entered the firm of Josiah White & Sons, owners 
and managers of the hotels Marlborough-Blenheim 
and Luray, Atlantic City, with which institutions he 
is still connected. 

The Senator was a member of Atlantic City Council, 
1911-12, and City Commissioner of Atlantic City, 1916- 
1920, being Director of Streets and Public Improve- 
ments. He was an Alternate Delegate to the Repub- 
lican National Convention at Chicago in 1916. 

He was elected to the State Senate in 1919 by a plu- 
rality of 3,045 over Lafayette J. Brown, Democrat, the 
vote being 8,048 to 5,003. 



Bergen County. 

WILLIAM B. MACKAY, JR. 
(Rep., Hackensack.) 

Senator Mackay, Jr., was born in Greenock, Scot- 
land, August 21st, 1876. After going through the 
public schools in Hackensack, N. J., he studied law in 
the office of George R. Dutton and attended the N. Y. 
Law School. He was admitted to the bar at the June 
term, 1899, and became a counsellor-at-law at the 
February term, 1906. He was appointed a Supreme 



270 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Court Commissioner on April 16th, 1915, and a. Spe- 
cial Master in Chancery of N. J. on January 18th, 1918. 
In the fall of 1916 he was the Republican candidate 
for State Senator and received the unusual plurality 
of 6,930 votes over his opponent, Arthur M. Agnew. 
He was the father of the Mackay Local Option Bill, 
which was introduced in the Legislature and became 
a law in the year 1918. He took an active part dur- 
ing- the past three years in all progressive legislation 
that was introduced and passed by the Legislature. 
In 1919 he introduced the tunnel bill, which was the 
culmination of a number of legislative acts and the 
persistent efforts on the part of many prominent men 
of the State. This important piece of legislation will 
be the means of connecting the State of New Jersey 
with the State of New York by a tunnel. In 1919 he 
was the candidate for re-election and received the 
unusual plurality of 7,692 votes over ex-Judge Wil- 
liam M. Seufert, the Democratic nominee. Senator 
Mackay was chosen majority floor leader in the Senate 
for the 1921 session. 



Burlington County. 

BLANCHARD H. WHITE. 
(Rep., Mount Holly.) 

Senator White was born on the old homestead farm 
in Springfield township, Burlington county, N. J., June 
30th, 1864, and is the son of Benjamin White and is a 
lawyer by profession. He attended the public schools 
and was graduated under the late County Superin- 
tendent Edgar A. Haas and Preceptor William E. Gas- 
kill, of the Juliustown public school, and then engaged 
in mercantile business as traveling salesman, after 
which he secured a position in the Eddystone Print 
Works, at Eddystone, Delaware county. Pa. Upon 
the death of his brother, A. Harry White, February 
10th, 1892, who was a member of the Legislature in 
1891-92, he returned home and took up the study of 
law in the office of Charles E. Hendrickson, since a 
Justice of the Supreme Court, and finished his course 
in the office of Eckard P. Budd, then Prosecutor of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 27 i 

Burling'ton county. He was admitted to the bar at 
the June term, 1896, and has been practicing his pro- 
fession since, with his office at Mount Holly. 

Mr. White is always in sympathy with every move- 
ment to better the condition of the whole people, and 
every measure framed for honest, economic govern- 
ment. Equal taxation and other needed reforms can 
always count upon his earnest, honest support. 

He is prominently associated with the Masons, Odd 
Fellows, Knig-hts of Pythias, B. P. O, E., Brotherhood 
of the Union, and is a Past Great Sachem of the Great 
Council, Improved Order of Red Men of the State of 
New Jersey. 

He served three terms in the House of Assembly 
and one term in the Senate, 1913-16. In 1919 he was 
elected to the Senate to fill the unexpired term of 
Harold B. Wells, w^ho had resigned to become Judge 
of Burlington county. The Senator's majority over 
Thomas C. Shreve, Democrat, was 2,773, the vote being 
7,878 to 5.105. 



Camden County. 

JOSEPH F. WALLWORTH. 
(Rep., Haddonfield.) 

Mr. Wallworth was born in Philadelphia February 
24th, 1876, and is member of the firm of J. Wallworth's 
Sons, Philadelphia, manufacturers of cotton and wool 
waste. He has been a member of the Camden County 
Republican Executive Committee four years, and is 
associated with the following organizations: Presi- 
dent of the Haddonfield Republican Club, member Cam- 
den Lodge of Elks, of various Masonic fraternities, of 
the Crescent Temple, Mystic Shrine, of Trenton, and of 
the Union League Club of Philadelphia. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
7,371 over Collins, high Democrat, the total vote being 
17,193 to 9,822. After two years in the Assembly Mr. 
Wallworth in 1920 was elected to the State Senate for 
a term of three years. 



272 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Cape 3Iay County. 

WILLIAM H. BRIGHT. 
(Rep., Wildwood.) 

Senator Bright was born at Bridg-ehampton, Michi- 
gan, October 21st, 1863, and is in the real estate and 
insurance business. He was Sheriff of Cape May 
county, 1905-1908, and was elected to the State Senate 
by a plurality of 1,524 over William Porter, Dem., re- 
ceiving 2,366 votes to 842 for Porter, Dem. Mr. Bright 
last year was Chairman of the Corporations, Riparian 
Rights, Soldiers' Home and State Library Committees, 
besides serving on other committees. 



Cumberland County. 

FIRMAN M. REEVES. 
(Rep., Millville.) 

Senator Reeves was born at Millville, N. J., Septem- 
ber 20th, 1877, and is in the drug business. He was 
educated in the Millville public schools and was grad- 
uated from Bridgeton Business School. He has always 
taken an active part in the civic affairs of the city. 
He is a director of the Mechanics National Bank and 
president of the Hope Building and Loan Association, 
and treasurer of the Firemen's Relief Association, all 
of Millville. He is a member of Millville Lodge, B. P. 
O. E. ; Fraternal Order of Eagles, Loyal Order of Moose 
and Tuscola Tribe, Red Men. He was a member of the 
Assembly in 1918-'19, and was elected State Senator 
by a majority of 1,409 over Charles S. Stevens, Dem., 
at the fall election in 1919. His plurality was 1,409. 



E^ssex County. 

WILLIAM H. PARRY. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Parry was born at Mount Holly, November 11th, 
1877. He is the only son of the late Dr. William C. 
Parry, who represented Burling'ton County in the 
State Senate from 1895 to 1898. He is a graduate of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 273 

the Friends' High School a,t Moorestown, the Mount 
Holly Academy, the University of Pennsylvania and 
the law school of the University of Michigan. For 
several years he was secretary of 'the New Jersey 
League of Republican Clubs. He was admitted to the 
New Jersey Bar on November ll'th, 1901, and shortly 
afterwards commenced the practice of law in Newark, 
where he is still practicing. He resided for a number 
of years at Nutley, where he was town recorder and 
afterwards town attorney for a period of four years. 
He now resides at 578 Summer Avenue, Newark. Dur- 
ing the war he was a Four-Minute Man in New York, 
Newark and Orange and is credited with having ad- 
dressed more theatre audiences than any other Four- 
Minute Man in the State. He is President of the North 
End Civic League and of the Federation of Improve- 
ment Associations of Newark. He Avas counsel in the 
recent probe of the Newark tax board. This is the 
first 'time that he has been a candidate for oflfice. He 
is a member of the University of Michigan Club 
of New York, the Un'iversity of Pennsylvania Club 
of New York, Speakers' Club of New York, Lincoln 
Club of Newark, New ark Real Estate Board, Woodside 
Council, Royal Arcanum; Crystal Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias; Nutley Lodge of Elks, and other organiza- 
tions. Mr. Parry was elected to the State Sena'te at 
the fall election in 1920. 



Gloucester County. 

EDWARD LUTZ STURGESS. 
(Rep., Glassboro.) 

Senator Sturgess was born at Glassboro, N. J., April 
29th, 1868, and for over thirty years has conducted a 
general insurance agency. Previously he was a ma- 
chinist by occupation. 

He has ripe experience in county affairs and legisla- 
tive matters which essentially qualify him for the 
duties of a law maker. In the Gloucester County 
Board of Freeholders he served as a member for an 
unexpired term, but did not seek a reelection, and 
was County Clerk of the same county for five years, 
dating from November, 1907, In the routine of legis- 
lative work he was clerk to the Committee on High- 



274 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ways, of the Senate, in 1915; calendar clerk in the 
session of 1916, and in 1917 President Gaunt of the 
Senate honored him with the confidential position of 
private secretary. When the commission to codify the 
road laws was created in 1915 he was chosen secre- 
tary of that body, and in 1916 filled a similar office to 
the commission appointed to investigate toll roads 
and bridges. 

In 1917 he was elected to the Senate by the phenom- 
enal plurality of 2,073 over his Democratic opponent, 
John H. Hobday, receiving- 4,017 votes; Hobday, 1,944; 
Soc, 1,482; Pro., 303. Mr. Sturgess was re-elected to 
the Senate in 1920 by a still greater plurality. 



Hudson County. 

ALEXANDER SIMPSON. 
(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Senator Simpson was born in Jersey City June 12th, 
1872, and is a lawyer. He was formerly a newspaper 
representative. He has had much experience in leg- 
islation, having been a member of the Assembly in 
1898, 1916, '18. He was minority leader the latter two 
years. 

He was elected to the State Senate by a plurality 
of 21,015 over Harlan Besson, Rep., the vote being 
44,780 to 23,765. 



Hunterdon County. 

GEORGE F. MARTENS, JR. 

(Dem., Old Wick, formerly New Germantown.) 

Senator Martens was born in Brooklyn, N, Y., Feb- 
ruary 21st, 1867. He served three years in the House 
of Assembly — 1897, '98 and '99 and as State Senator — 
1904 to 1907, 1913 to 1915; was re-elected in 1915 and 
again in 1918, being the only Senator who was ever 
given a fourth term in Hunterdon county. 'Last year 
he served on the Committees on Agriculture, Boroughs 
and Townships, Game and Fish, Unfinished Business, 
Reform School for Boys, School for Feeble-Minded 
Children and Treasurer's Accounts. 

In 1918 his plurality was 133, receiving 3,322 votes 
to 3,189 for Thomas, Rep. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 275 

Mercer Couttty. 

S. ROY HEATH. 
(Dem., Trenton.) 

Senator Heath was born in Ewing- Township, Mer- 
cer county, N. J., in 1884, and in business is a lum- 
berman, being vice president and treasurer of Sarn- 
uel Heath Company, which firm succeeded his father, 
the late Samuel Heath, one of the best known lumber- 
men in New Jersey, and one of Trenton's prominent 
business men. He was educated in the country dis- 
trict school, State Model School and Princeton Uni- 
versity, He has been a press agent, sales agent and 
superintendent, and was a member of the Board of 
Managers of the State Village for Epileptics for one 
year, having been appointed by Governor Fielder. 
He takes a very active part in the affairs of Trenton 
and the Chamber of Commerce. 

The Senator married Janet Field Curtis in 1910, 
and they have four children, Curtis Franklin, Mary 
Elizabeth, Dartha and S. Roy, Jr. 

On November 4th, 1919, he was elected to the State 
Senate by a plurality of 2,050 over Assemblyman John 
E. Gill, the vote being Heath, Dem., 11,875; Gill, Rep., 
9.825. 

Mr. Heath is the first Democratic Senator from 
Mercer county in thirty-four years, since 1886, when 
George O. Vanderbilt occupied the seat. 



Middlesex County. 

THOMAS BROWN. 
(Dem., Perth Amboy.) 

Senator Brown was born in England on December 
3d, 1877, while his parents were sojourning through 
that country. Since the first year of his life he has 
resided continuously in the County of Middlesex, He 
graduated from the New York Law School in 1905 with 
the degree of LL.B., and was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney in February term, 1907, and as a coun- 
selor-at-law three years later. He was elected Sena- 
tor by plurality of 1,378 over Edgar, Rep., the vote 



276 BIOGRAPHIES. 

being 8,836 to 7,458. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Judiciary, Municipal Corporations, Printed 
Bills, Riparian Rights, New Jersey Reformatory, Sol- 
diers' Home, Epileptic Village and Industrial School 
for Colored Youth. 

The Senator was president of the Democratic State 
Convention, which was held in Trenton September 
3bth, 1919, and in 1920 was the Democratic floor leader 
in the Senate. 

Monmouth County. 

WILLIAM A. STEVENS. 
(Rep., Long Branch.) 

Senator Stevens was born at Stapleton Heights, 
Staten Island, July 19th, 1879, and is a lawyer. He 
was educated in public schools of Long Branch, grad- 
uating from High School in 1897; studied later at 
New Jersey State Normal School, Trenton, N. J.; en- 
tered law offices of Public Utility Commission Presi- 
ident John W. Slocum in 1899 as a law student; en- 
tered New York Law School in fall of 1899, gradu- 
ating with degree of Bachelor of Laws, class of 1901, 
and was admitted to N. J. Bar in February, 1902. Mr. 
Stevens has specialized on municipal law and espe- 
cially commission government law. He has been city 
counsel for the city of Long Branch and Boards of 
Education and Health from 1912 to the present time; 
borough attorney of West Long Branch for past 
eleven years; for Deal past four years, and Monmouth 
Beach 1912 ,to 1916. He is married and has two 
daughters, eleven and fourteen, respectively. 

He was elected to the State Senate in 1919 for an 
unexpired term and was re-elected for a full term in 
1920. 



Morris County. 

ARTHUR WHITNEY. 
(Rep., Mendham.) 

Senator Whitney was born July 5th, 1871, at Morris 
Plains, N. J., and lived there until his marriage in 
1906, when he moved to his present farm in Mendham 
township. After a successful business career of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 277 

twenty years as a banker and broker he first ran for 
public office in 1916, when he was elected to the House 
of Assembly. He was returned to the Assembly in 
1917, and in 1918 elected to the Senate to fill out the 
unexpired term of Senator Mutchler. 

Senator Whitney's banking- experience has led him 
to take much interest in the financial management of 
the State, and he has served on the Committee on Ap- 
propriations since his first year in the Leg^islature. 
In 1917 he acted as chairman for the Assembly of the 
Appropriations Committee, and in 1918 was chairman 
of the Joint Committee on Appropriations, an honor 
only once before accorded a Senator in 'his first year, 
and has continued since to hold that chairmanship. 
He was chairman of the Commission for the Investi- 
gation of County and Township Roads, which ren- 
dered a report at the 1919 session of the Legislature. 

He was re-elected to the State Senate in 1919 by a 
plurality of 3,653 over Judge Joshua Salmon, his 
Democratic opponent, and was high man on the Re- 
publican ticket. Whitney, 8,806; Salmon, 5,153. 



Ocean County. 

HARRY T. HAGAMAN. 
(Rep., Lakewood.) 

Senator Hag-aman was born at Toms River, N, J., 
June 2d, 1869, and is an editor and publisher. He is 
son of ex-Sheriff John Hagaman, of Toms River; has 
always been a Republican, and is a member of a num- 
ber of secret societies. He was Secretary of the Ocean 
County Tax Board for four years. Mr. Hagaman is a 
director of the Lakewood Trust Company, the largest 
financial institution in Ocean county; was vice-presi- 
dent of the New Jersey Editorial Association in 1918, 
is a charter member and a director of the Lakewood 
Chamber of Commerce, is grand master-at-arms of the 
Grand Lodge, Knights of Pythias of N. J.; a thirty- 
second degree Mason and a member of Salaam Tem- 
ple, Mystic Shrine, of Newark, N. J. He served three 
years in the House of Assembly. 

He was elected State Senator without opposition, 
receiving- a total vote of 3,061. 



278 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Passaic County. 

ALBIN SMITH. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Senator Albin Smith was born at Franklin Furnace, 
Sussex county, N. J., and is a counselor-at-law. He 
was educated in the Paterson public schools and later 
was employed as a telegraph operator and railroad 
clerk. He attended the New York Law School (even- 
ing division) and passed his New Jersey bar examina- 
tion in June, 1905, and counselor in June, 1911. 

He was an Alderman of the city of Paterson in 1903- 
1907, and was elected to the Assembly of New Jersey 
November, 1917. 

In November, 1918, he was elected to the Senate of 
New Jersey. 



Salem County. 

COLLINS B. ALLEN. 
(Rep., Salem.) 

Senator Allen, a prominent farmer in Mannington 
township, Salem county, N. J., was born on the old 
Homestead farm, August 9th, 1866. He entered the lo- 
cal public school, afterward attended a private school 
in Salem. He was elected a member of the Board of 
Education of Mannington township in 1896, appointed 
district clerk of that board in 1897 and now holds 
both positions. In 1897 he was elected township 
clerk and held that office until he was nominated for 
the Senate. Mr. Allen served as sheriff of Salem 
county for a term of three years, beginning in 1905. 

He is a director of the Salem National Banking 
Company, also a director of the South Jersey Farmers' 
Exchange, He is a member of Salem Grange No. 
172, and held the office of master for two years, and 
is also a member of Forest Lodge No. 7, K. of P. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1914 by a plurality 
of 519 over Smick, Democrat, and was re-electei in 
1917 by the increased plurality of 1,707 over David 
A. English, Democrat, the total vote being, Allen, 3,776; 
English, 2,069; Pro., 331. In 1920 Senator Allen was 
re-elected to the Senate for a third term. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 279 

The Senator was chosen majority leader for the 

session of 1920 and was made President of the Senate 
for the 1921 session. 



Somerset County. 

CLARENCE EDWARDS CASE. 
(Rep., Somerville.) 

Senator Case was born in Jersey City, N. J., Sep- 
tember 24th, 1877, and is a lawyer. He is a graduate 
of Rutgers Preparatory School, 1896; Rutgers College, 
1900; New Jersey Law School, 1902, and received the 
honorary degrees — B.A., M.A., LL.B. — and is a mem- 
ber of the following fraternities: Delta Upsilon, Phi 
Betta Kappa, Phi Delta Phi, and is a member of the 
Elks, Masons and Knights of Pythias. 

The Senator was clerk of the Judiciary Committee 
of the Senate, 1909, and Private Secretary to the Presi- 
dent of the Senate, 1910. 

He was County Judge, Somerset county, from 1910 
to 1913, when he resigned. 

He was elected to the Senate in 1917 by a plurality 
of 1,920 over Peter B. Hall, Democrat, the total vote 
being, Case, 4,202; Hall, 2,282; Pro., 185. In 1919 he 
was majority leader during the session of the Senate 
and served as chairman of the Committees on Judi- 
ciary, Finance and Sanatorium for Tuberculous Dis- 
eases and member of the Committees on Education, 
Commerce and Navigation and Home for Feeble- 
Minded Women. 

The Senator served as chairman of the legislative 
committee, representing the State of New Jersey in 
conference with a like committee from the State of 
New York in the matter of the New York -New Jersey 
port, and he has also been a member of the commis- 
sion to investigate and report on tax assessment. 

He was President of the Senate for the session of 
1920 and served as Acting Governor from January 13th 
to January 20th, 1920. In the fall of 1920 the Senator 
■was re-elected to the Senate for another three-year 
term. 



280 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Sussex County. 

HENRY T. KAYS. 
(Dem., Newton.) 

Senator Kays was born at Newton, N. J., September 
29th, 1878, and is a lawj'er. He was graduated from 
Newton public scliool in 1896; from the English and 
Classical School in 1898; entered Princeton University 
in 1899, and was graduated in the spring of 1903. 
He taught science in the English and Classical School 
of Newton two years. He studied law at Newton in 
the law offices of Thomas M. Kays, his father, and was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar in February, 1910. 
He was a member of the Board of Chosen Freehold- 
ers of Sussex county from May, 1910, to June, 1911, 
and has served as counsel of the board since January, 
1917. He was Federal Food Administrator for Sussex 
county. He served as a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1913, '14, '15, and was elected to the Sen- 
ate in 1918 by a plurality of 430, receiving 2,487 votes 
to 2,057 for Wilson, Rep. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Corporations, Education, Labor and In- 
dustries, Miscellaneous Business, Passed Bills, State 
Library and Reformatory for Women. Mr. Kays was 
chosen Democratic floor leader for the session of 1921. 



Union County. 

WILLIAM N. RUNYON. 
(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Senator Runyon was born at Plainfield, N. J., March 
5th, 1871, and is a lawyer. He was prepared for col- 
lege at the Plainfield High School; graduated from 
Yale in 1892 and from the New York Law School in 
1894; was admitted to the New York bar in 1894; to 
the New Jersey bar as attorney, 1898, and counselor, 
1901. 

He was a member of the Plainfield Common Coun- 
cil for two years, 1897-'98; City Judge, 1899-1910, and 
for three years, 1915-'16-'17, was a member of the As- 
sembly. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 281 

He was elected State Senator in 1917 for a full 
term. In 1919 he was chosen president of the Senate 
and administered the duties of that office with much 
credit and impartiality. 

Upon the resig-nation of Walter E. Edge as Governor 
May 16th, 1919, President Runyon, by virtue of his 
office, became Acting- Governor and served as such 
until January, 1920. Governor Runyon was a can- 
didate for the Republican nomination for Governor 
at the State primary election on September 23d, but 
was defeated by Newton A. K. Bugbee. The Governor 
carried his own county by a plurality of 5,376 over 
Bugbee. Mr. Runyon was re-elected to the Senate in 
1920. 



Warren County. 

THOMAS BARBER. 
(Dem., Phlllipsburg.) 

Senator Barber was born at Port Warren, Warren 
County, New Jersey, May 11th, 1868; and is a physi- 
cian by profession. He is a lineal descendant of John 
Barber, Esq., who settled at what is now Lopatcong 
Township, prior to 1740. Dr. Barber's ancestors were 
actively engaged In the Revolution. His great grand- 
father, Barber, was for some time a revolutionary 
soldier. His great grandfather, Thomas Kennedy, a 
nephew of General William Maxwell, was a member 
of Kennedy's brigade of teams. His great grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Sr., was wounded at the battle of 
Trenton. His great great grandfather, Mathias Ship- 
man, was Lieutenant Colonel of Second Sussex Regi- 
ment. His great great grandfather, Jonas Hartzell, 
was a member of a committee of safety. His grand- 
father, Henry Stroh, Jr., was a sergeant in the war of 
1812. Dr. Barber received his early education In the 
public schools, and prepared for college at the Phll- 
lipsburg and Easton High Schools. He entered Lafa- 
yette in 1891, graduated in the arts, 1895; and in 
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 1898. He 
located in Phillipsburg and has since- practiced in con- 
junction with his brother. Dr. Isaac Barber. In the 
1911 election, in Phillipsburg alone, he received a 
majority of 1,568, the largest majority ever given a 



282 BIOGRAPHIES. 

candidate for any office in the history of the munici- 
pality. The Doctor was then elected to the Senate by 
a plurality of 2,152 over Marvin A. Pierson, Repub- 
lican. He was re-elected in 1914 by the increased 
plurality of 2,439 over Shoemaker, Republican, and 
again in 1917 by a plurality of 780 over John C. Sharpe, 
Republican. The total vote was: Barber, 3,775; 
Sharpe, 2,995; Pro., 388.; Soc, 144. In 1920 Dr. Barber 
was re-elected to the Senate for a fourth term. 



Suminary. 

Senate — Republicans .... 15 Democrats 6 = 21 

House — Republicans 59 Democrats 1 = 60 

74 ^ 7 81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 67. 

One vacancy in the Assembly owing- to the death 
in December, 1920, of John R. Rosser, elected from 
Hudson County. 



When Reg^ular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1921 — Cape May, Burlington and Passaic, now rep- 
resented by Republicans, and Hunterdon, Middlesex 
and Sussex represented by Democrats, 6. 

In 1922 — Atlantic, Bergen, Cumberland, Morris and 
Ocean, now represented by Republicans, and Hudson 
and Mercer, represented by Democrats, 7. 

In 1923 — Camden, Essex, Gloucester, Somerset, 
Salem, Monmouth and Union, now represented by Re- 
publicans, and Warren, represented by a Democrat, 8. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 283 



HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 

Atlantic County. 

WILLIAM A. BLAIR. 
(Rep., Elwood.) 

Mr. Blair was born in Philadelphia, Pa,, in 1882, and 
is a farmer, and was formerly a mechanical engineer. 
He was a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders, 
Atlantic county, in 1916-17. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly for a fourth term at the November, 1920. 
election. Last year he was chairman of the Commit- 
tees on Education, Militia, Miscellaneous Business and 
New Jersey Reformatory and was a member of the 
Committees on Rules and Soldiers' Home. 

JOSEPH A. CORIO. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Corio was born in Philadelphia, Pa., June 11th, 
1887, and is an attorney and counselor-at-law. He 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney, December, 
1911, and as a counselor, July, 1915. He was elected 
to the Assembly for a second term at the November, 
1920, election. 



Bergen County. 

W. IRVING GLOVER. 
(Rep., Eng-lewood.) 

Mr. Glover was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 
2d. 1879, and is treasurer of the Afton Holding Cor- 
poration of New York. He was a member of the Board 
of Freeholders of Bergen county from January 1st to 
December 81st, 1915. He was re-elected to the Assem- 
bly for a fifth term in the election of 1920. 

Mr. Glover was Speaker of the 1920 Assembly and 
by reason of his urbanity and the fairness of his rul- 
ings, was a very popular official. 



284 BIOGRAPHIES. 

WILLIAM ST. JOHN TOZER. 
(Rep., Bogota.) 

Mr. Tozer was born in New York City November 7th, 
1885, and is a lawyer practicing in New York and New 
Jersey. He has resided in New Jersey since 1895. He 
attended public schools and New York Preparatory 
School and studied law at New York Law School even- 
ings and in law office daytime. He was admitted to 
practice in New York in 1910 and in New Jersey in 
1913. 

Mr. Tozer, as Councilman of the Borough of Bogota, 
served from August, 1916, to January 1st, 1918, and 
May, 1918, to January, 1919. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly for a third term at the November, 1920, elec- 
tion. Last year he was chairman of the Committee on 
Industrial School for Girls and a member of the Com- 
mittees on Federal Relations, Incidental Expenses and 
Ways and Means. 

JOHN Y. DATER. 
(Rep., Ramsey.) 

Mr. Dater was born at Ramsey, N. J., August 27th, 
1870. He w^as educated in the public schools of his 
home town and later took a business course in a Pat- 
erson college. By choice he entered the printing busi- 
ness in his early twenties and soon after started the 
Ramsey Journal, a weekly newspaper, which he has 
edited and published for nearly twenty-eight years, 
and is still engaged in publishing. He has always 
been interested in educational affairs and has served 
on his local Board of Education for nearly twenty- 
four years, fifteen years of that time as president. 
He has also been prominent in educational affairs of 
the State. In Y. M. C. A. matters he has also been 
intensely interested and was the first county chairman 
of the Bergen County Y. M. C. A., a position which he 
held for two years. The election as a member of the 
Assembly is the first elective office he has held. He 
was re-elected to the Assembly for a second term in 
1920. 

He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, the I. O. 
O. F., Jr. Order of United American Mechanics. Also a 
member of the Legislative Correspondents' Club and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 285 

of the New Jersey Press Association, and has served 
as president of the State Federation of District Boards 
of Education of the State. 



Burlington County. 

EMMOR ROBERTS. 
(Rep., Moorestown.) 

Mr. Roberts was born at Moorestown, Burlington 
county, N. J., March 13th, 1890, and is a fruit grower 
and farmer. He is a graduate of Swarthmore College, 
1911, and Cornell Short Agricultural Course, 1912, He 
owns and directs five large fruit farms in Burlington 
county. He is also a director of Stokes Seeds Farms 
Company, a member of the national committee of seed 
inspection and certification, and a director of Moores- 
town Trust Company. Mr. Roberts was a member of 
Delaware Farmers' Institute Lecturing Staff, 1913, and 
New Jersey, 1914-15, and lectures considerably in 
eastern agricultural colleges. He is a member of the 
Public Library Commission. 

Before his election to the Assembly, Mr. Roberts 
never held public office. In 1920 he was given a sixth 
term as Assemblyman, unusual in Burlington county. 

Last year he served as chairman of the Committees 
on Agriculture and Federal Relations, besides being a 
member of other important committees. 



Camden County. 

T. HARRY ROWLAND. 
(Rep., Camden.) 

Mr. Rowland was born in Boston, Mass., May 22d, 
1888, and is a lawyer. He is a graduate of Lafayette 
College, and studied law at the University of Penn- 
sylvania and Temple Court. He was a member or the 
Board of Education of the city of Camden seven 
years, and is a member of the Camden Lodge of Elks 
and Ionic Lodge of Masons. 

Mr. Rowland was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
third term at the November, 1920, election and upon 



286 BIOGRAPHIES. 

organization of the 1921 Assem.bly was made chair- 
man of the Republicans, which carried with it the 
majority leadersliip. 

J. HEULINGS COLES. 
(Rep., Moorestown R. D.) 

Mr. Coles was born at Colestown, N. J., April 26th, 
1876, and is a farmer and dairyman. He is a son of 
Isaac W. Coles, who was an Assemblyman in 1911, '12, 
'13. Mr. Coles was elected to the Assembly for a sec- 
ond term at the 1920 election. 

WILLARD T. GIBBS. 
(Rep., Clementon.) 

Mr. Gibbs was born at Kirkwood, N. J., August 2d, 
1866. He was educated at the Friends' Central School, 
Philadelphia. He is engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness and is President of the Clementon Real Estate 
Company. He is also a banker and is President of 
the Clementon National Bank. Another position held 
by Mr. Gibbs is that of President of the Clementon 
Building and Loan Association. 

From 1908 to 1912 Mr. Gibbs was a member of the 
Gamden County Tax Board. Mr. Gibbs at one time 
was engaged in the contracting business. He was 
elected to the Assembly for the first time at the No- 
vember, 1920, election. 



Cape May. 

ANDREW C. BOSWELL. 
(Rep., Ocean City.) 

Mr. Boswell was born at New Gretna, N. J., Sep- 
tember 26th, 1873, and is an attorney-at-law. He is 
son of Rev. John H. Boswell, deceased. He received 
his education in the public schools, Pennington Semi- 
nary, University of Pennsylvania and New York Law 
School, and entered the office of W. Holt Apgar, Tren- 
ton, before being admitted to practice. He is solicitor 
for Ocean City, having been appointed in 1915, and re- 
appointed in 1919, and is also solicitor for Avalon. He 
is a member of P. & A. M. and K. of P. 

He was elected to the Assembly in November, 1920. 
for a second term. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 287 

Cumberland County. 

DAVID C. BLIZZARD, JR. 
(Rep., Port Norris.) 

Mr. Blizzard was born at North Port Norris, Cumber- 
land county, N. J., August 3d, 1872, and is a wholesale 
oyster dealer. He has been actively engaged in the 
planting and growing of oysters in Delaware Bay and 
Maurice River Cove since 1892, also in the fruit busi- 
ness. He is especially interested in growing a high 
grade quality of goods to meet with the approval and 
needs of the people. 

Mr. Blizzard was elected to the Assembly for a sec- 
ond term at the 1920 election. 



Essex County. 

WARREN PATTEN COON. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Rev. Warren Patten Coon was born in Boston. Mass., 
January 8th, 1879. He was educaited in Boston Uni- 
versity and New York University and finally in Drew 
Theological Seminary. He is a clergyman and a mem- 
ber of the Newark Conference of the Methodist Church. 
He was chaplain of the First Regiment, New Jersey 
National Guard when that organization was on the 
Mexican border in 1916; and he served as chaplain of 
the 113'th Infantry, 29th Division, A. E. F. Also he 
was made chaplain of the Ofllcers' Reserve Corps, U. 
S. Army, and is a chaplain in the American Legion. 

The Reverend Mr. Coon never held any political 
office before being elected to the Assembly at the No- 
vember, 1920, election, except that he was borough 
clerk of Haledon, Passaic county, for one year in 1912. 
He is a member of Salaam Temple, Mystic Shrine, of 
Newark, a member of the I. O. O. F. and Past Coun- 
cillor of General Putnam Council, Jr. O. U. A. M. Also 
he is Field Secretary of the New Jersey Patriotic 
League. 



288 BIOGRAPHIES. 

PHILIP D. ELLIOT. 
(Rep., Caldwell.) 

Mr. Elliot was born at Grafton, Massachusetts, 
M'arch 6th, 1886, and is a lawyer. He graduated from 
Williams Colleg-e in 1908 with the degree A.B., and 
from the New York Law School in 1911 as a LL.B. 

Mr. Elliot was police recorder of Caldwell during- 
1918, 1919 and 1920 and was a member of the Cald- 
well Board of Education in 1920. He is the author of 
"A Digest of New Jersey Statutes" for law students. 
Among the organizations to which Mr. Elliot belongs 
are Caldwell Lodge, F. & A. M., Zeta Psi Fraternity 
and Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity. 

'Mr. Elliot married Miss Dorothy Colby in 1912 and 
they have two children. 

This is Mr. Elliot's first election to the Assembly. 

FRANK B. CHAMPION. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Champion was born in Dorchester, N. J., Jan- 
uary 29th, 1876, and is a traveling salesman. He was 
educated in the public schools of Philadelphia and at 
Pierce's Business College in that city. He was a 
bookkeeper in Brooklyn, N. Y., until 1901, when he ac- 
cepted a position as office manager in a factory in 
Newark and in 1907 was given control of a largo 
territory for the same concern and has been a travel- 
ing 'Salesman ever since. 

Mr. Champion is much interested in civic affairs 
and 'takes a particular interest in welfare work among 
young men. 

At the November, 1920, election Mr. Champion was 
chosen by the voters of Essex county for the Assembly 
for a second time, he having been a member of the 
House during the session of 1918. 

GEORGE S. HOBART. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Hobart was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 
24th, 1875, and is a lawyer. He was brought up on a 
farm at Marlboro, Monmouth county; prepared for 
college at high school in Freehold and at Glenwood 
Institute, at Matawan; graduated from Rutgers Col- 
lege in the class of 1896, and thereafter began the 
studv of law in the office of Hon. William H. Vreden- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 289 

burgh, former judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals, at Freehold. He continued the study of law in 
the office of Collins & Corbin, in Jersey City, and at 
New York Law School. 

At the outbreak of the Spanish War in 1898, Mr. 
Hobart enlisted in the Third Xew Jersey Regiment, 
U. S. Volunteers, and shortly thereafter received a 
commission as major in the Adjutant-Oeneral's De- 
partment. He was assigned to duty with the Seventh 
Army Corps, under command of Major-General Fitz- 
hug'h Lee, and served under him until near the close 
of the war, when he resigned to resume the study 
of law. 

He was graduated from New York Law School in 
the class of 1899; was admitted to the bar of New Jer- 
sey as an attorney at the June term, 1899, and as 
counsellor at the June term, 1902, and shortly there- 
after became a member of the firm of Collins & Cor- 
bin, with whom he has since been associated. He was 
admitted to the bar of the United States Supreme 
Court in December. 1914. 

He served in the New Jersey Assembly in the Ses- 
sion of 1918. His business address is 243 Washington 
Street, Jersey City, and also 128 Market Street, New- 
arl<;, N. J., where his firm has recently opened a brancli 
office. 

Mr. Hobart was elected Speaker of the 1921 Assem- 
bly. 

HARRY GILLETTE EATON. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Eaton was born at Newark, N. J., Feb. 23d, 1866. 
He was educated in the public school near Mendham, 
N. J., a grammar school in New York City, and the 
high school in Long Island City, N. Y. Being of a 
mechanical turn of mind he became connected with a 
large wagon manufacturing and wheelwright com- 
pany in Long Island City, N. Y. After some time with 
this firm the military spirit of his father (Amherst 
Eaton, First Lieutenant 8th N. J. A^ol. during the Civil 
War), developed, and he joined the 1st U. S. Cavalry, 
then stationed at Fort Custer, Montana. He served 
there five years, during which time he was in several 
campaigns and engagements against hostile Indians 
throughout Montana, Dakota and Wyoming. He is 



290 BIOGRAPHIES. 

now a member of the National Indian Veterans Camp, 
No. 6, 'Of Newark, N. J. On his return from the west 
he became connected with a large mineral com- 
pany of East Orange, N. J., as salesman for ten years, 
during which time lie became interested in the study 
and development of the telephone, and for the past 
twenty years has been with the New York Telep'hone 
Company, New Jersey division. He takes an active 
interest in fraternal, military and social organizations 
and holds membership in Northern Lodge, No. 25, F. 
& A. M. ; Tall Cedars of Le^banon, Essex County For- 
est No. 8; Craftsmen's Club, No. 25, General Putnam 
Council, No. 137, Jr. O. U. A. M. (treasurer for twenty- 
one years); Court South Eud 1652, I. O. O. F., Crescent 
No. 1, Court of the Orient, Director or the Jr. Order 
Building and Loan Association for twenty-five j-ears. 
The Telephone Society, Bay View Wheelmen, Senior 
Vice Department Commander Army and Navy Union, 
S. & D. of L., No. 31, and several others. 

Mr. Eaton is a veteran of the 1st N. J. Infantry, hav- 
ing served two enlistments in that organization and 
one enlistment in the 5th Regiment, and was supply 
sergeant at the Mexican border in 1916. Mr. Eaton 
is a believer in Am.erican principles and is a direct 
descendant of the Pilgrim Fathers who landed on the 
shores of Connecticut in 1562. He was a member of 
the 1918 Legislature, was chairman of the Militia. 
Games and Fisheries and Printing committees, and 
has always been a staunch Republican. He was 
elected over William H. Smith, high Democrat, with 
a plurality of 60,762. 

Mr. Eaton is classified as a veteran of the World's 
War, as he was held on the National Reserve from 
Nov.. 1916, until July, 1917, when he was discharged, 
and took an active part in a military way in protect- 
ing municipal interests in Newark. 

PEARCE R. FRANKLIN. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Franklin was born in Newark, March 31st, 1892, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated at 
the Barrington High School of Newark, graduating in 
1911, and in 1915 finished his course at the New York 
Law School. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 291 

Before 'his admission to the practice of law Mr. 
Franklin was a reporter on the then Morning Star of 
Newark, and afterward did special work with the 
Newark Board of Works examining titles to meadow 
property at Port Newark before this property was 
acquired by the city. 

While at the Barrington High School Mr. Franklin 
was a member in 1910 and 1911 of the school's base- 
ball team which won the state scholastic champion- 
ship. He was also an all around athletic champion 
of the Newark Y. M. C. A. in 1913 and 1914. 

Mr. Franklin is a member of St. Cecile Lodge, No. 
193. F. & A. M,, holds the office of Esquire in New- 
ark Lodge of Elks, and is a past chancellor commander 
of Henry Clay Lodge, Knights of Pythias. Also he 
belongs to the Newark Athletic Club and the Automo- 
bile Club of Newark. 

Mr. Franklin has held no other public office and was 
elected to the Assembly for the first time at the No- 
vember, 1920, election. 

DANIEL A. M'MILLIN. 
(Rep., East Orange.) 

Mr. McMillin was born in Ontario, Wayne county, 
New York, August 30th, 1874. He was educated in the 
schools of AVestern New York and is a graduate of 
the Rochester Business Institute and Lincoln-Jefferson 
University. He has been associated with both public 
and private schools and colleges in New York, Penn- 
sylvania and New Jersey. From 1900 to 1906 was in 
Federal service as bookkeeper under the Navy De- 
partment at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Since Feb- 
ruary 1st, 1912, he has been head of the commercial de- 
partment of Central High School, Newark. 

Mr. McMillin resides in East Orange 'and is a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education of that city. He is a 
member of Easit Orange Lodge, No. 208, F. & A. M., 
Jersey City Consistory, Scottish Rite and Salaam Tem- 
ple. A. A. O. N. M. S. At one time he was president 
of the New Jersey High School Teachers' Association, 
and for the past ten years has been a member of the 
Executive Board of the Eastern Commercial Teachers' 
Association, the last six of which he has served as 
secretary. 



292 BIOGRAPHIES. 

RYNIER VEGHTE TAYLOR. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Taylor was born at Hopewell, Mercer county, on 
September lltli, 1873. He was educated in the public 
schools of Stoutsburg- and Somerville, New Jersey; is 
a linotype operator and printer by trade. He has been 
connected with the Somerset Democrat and the Union- 
ist-Gazette, of Somerville; the Newark Daily Adver- 
tiser and Newark Evening- News, and is now superin- 
tendent of the Laidlaw-Smit'h Typesetting Co. of 
Newark. 

In 1915 he w'as appointed to fill an unexpired term 
on the Newark Board of Education, being subsequently 
reappointed, and is now entering on 'his sixth year 
of service on that board, where he served for three 
years as chairman of the Committee on Instruction 
and Educational Supplies, the board's most important 
committee. 

In 1917 he w^as selected by the Board of Trade of 
Newark as one of its five candidates for City Com- 
missioner, and in 1918 was a candidate for the Assem- 
bly from Essex county. That year he served as assist- 
ant in the office 'Of the Supervisor of Bills of the 
House, and during tlie same year was appointed gov- 
ernment appeal agent for the Third District of New- 
ark. He also has served on several citizens' commit- 
tees appointed by the Mayor of Newark, the Citizens' 
Health Committee being one of them. 

JENNIE C. VAN NESS. 
(Rep., East Orange.) 

Mrs. Van Ness is one of the first two women to be 
elected to the New Jersey Legislarure. She was 
elected to the 1921 Assembly from Essex county at the 
Novemiber, 1920, election. Born in Chicago, she was 
educated in the public and normal schools of that city 
and taught school before her marriage to Frank W. 
Van Ne'ss. She also taug^ht for a while during the 
world war as 'a war emergency necessity owing to a 
shortage of teachers. 

Mrs. Van Ness has been unusually active in civic 
affairs. She was successful in securing a public play- 
ground in Milwaukee. Wisconsin, and two playgrounds 
in Peru, Indiana. Also she was instrumental in the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 293 

establishment of a circulating library at Dalton. 
Georgia. As first vice-president of tne Community 
Club of the Oranges, ^yirs. Van Ness opened and 
directed a surgical dressing unit and aided in other 
work in providing comfort for our soldiers. Al.so she 
was interested in the work for sailors 'at Colonia and 
Cape May and was vice-chairman of the Women's 
Three-Minute Speakers in New Jersey under the 
Women's Council of National Defence. In addition she 
was one of the women speakers in the Liberty Loan 
drives. 

Mrs. Van Ness is Sixth Regional Director of the 
New Jersey League of women voters, was president 
of the Orange Political Study Club and was chairman 
of the Home and School Department of the First Ward 
Local Interest Club of East Orange. 

Mrs. Van Ness, with her husband, lives at 19 Glen- 
wood Place, East Orange, and they have three daugh- 
ters attending the public schools in that city. 

MARGARET B. LAIRD. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mrs, Laird's home is at 34 Goldsmith Avenue, New- 
ark. She drew the plans for the house herself, ac- 
cording to her ideas of making housekeeping simple 
and efficient. She is the wife of Reginald M. Laird, a 
druggist, and besides her daughter, has a son, Robert, 
nineteen. She is of Scotch descent, and was born in 
Newark, She is a graduate nurse, having been in the 
class of 1907 at the City Hospital Training School. 

In 1916 she was appointed to the Board of Health by 
City Commissioner Raymond, who was then Mayor, 
but the Democratic majority in the Common Council 
refused to confirm the appointment. The following 
year she was appointed by Mr. Raymond to the com- 
mittee of ten in charge of "Bundle Day." During the 
250th Newark anniversary celebration she was a 
member of the Mayor's committee of fifty women. 

For the past four years Mrs. Laird .has been State 
Treasurer of the National Woman's Party. Formerly 
she was secretary of the Essex County Suffrage Asso- 
ciation. 

In the 1915 campaign for suffrage she was chair- 
man for Newark for the National American Woman's 



294 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Suffrage Association. She is one of the trustees of 
the Contemporary and has been a member of the leg- 
islative and civic committees of that organization. 
During the Liberty Loan drives she was chairman for 
the Contemporary. She is a member of the women's 
auxiliary of the Y. M. C. A., the Red Cross, the Y. W. 
C. A. and the State Health Nurses' Association. 

Mrs. Laird is one of the first two women ever elected 
to the New Jersey Assembly. 

CHARLES B. DUTCHER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Dutcher was born in Nev\-ark, June 12th, 1881. 
He was educated in the public schools and Wood's 
Business College and is now a manager. Although 
always an active Republican Mr. Dutcher never before 
held public office. He was organizer of the Essex 
County Voters' League and secretary of the society 
for five years. 

Among the fraternal organizations to which Mr. 
Dutcher belongs are Newark Lodge, No. 7, F. & A. 
M.; Tall Cedars of Lebanon, Pride of Gen. Henry 
W. Lawton Council. Daughters of Liberty, and Gen. 
Henry W. Lawton Council, No. 284, Jr. O. U. A. M. Of 
the latter organization Mr. Dutcher is a past coun- 
cillor. 

WALTER GILBERT ALEXANDER. 
(Rep., Orange.) 

Walter Gilbert Alexander was born December 1st, 
1880, at Lynchbug, Va. His parents were Royal Alex- 
ander and Amelia Terry. At the age of eight he be- 
gan work as messnger in a jewelry store, working 
after school hours. In this way he earned enough to 
be emtirely self-supporting. At fourteen, after having 
finished one and a half years in the Lynchburg High 
School, he entered Lincoln University, being the 
youngest student in his class and the youngest one 
that had ever matriculated at this institution. 
Throughout the entire four years he was first honor 
man, winning the Bradley Medal in Science and de- 
livering the Latin salutatory on Commencement day. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 295 

In September, 1899, Mr. Alexander entered Bost Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons and was graduated 
from this institution in June, 1903, winning first prizes 
for the best theses on "Tuberculosis" and "Cerebral 
Localization." He practiced for more than a year in 
Kimball, W. Va., and then moved to Orange, N. J., 
where he has built up a very large practice. Has been 
actively interested in all movements and enterprises 
for the welfare and progress of his race. Has been 
identified with all civic movements in the Oranges. Is 
connected with a large number of fraternal and busi- 
ness organizations. 

For nine years Dr. Alexander has been General Sec- 
retary of the National Medical Association, and is a 
member of several other medical societies. "Was a 
candidate for the Assembly on the Progressive ticket 
in 1912 and was candidate for Orange City Commis- 
sioner in 1914, and for the Assembly on the Republican 
ticket in 1919. Dr. Alexander is the first colored man 
elected to a State office in New Jersey. 

Gloucester County. 

HORACE M. FOODER. 
(Rep., Williamstown.) 

Dr. Fooder was born on September 6th, 1884, in 
Philadelphia, Pa., and is a physician. He was educated 
in the Philadelphia public schools and attended the 
Philadelphia high school; began the study of medicine 
at Medico-Chirurgical College at Philadelphia, and 
graduated in 1908 from that institution. He is a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Association, Philadelphia 
Medical Club, Physicians' Motor Club of Camden, presi- 
dent of the Gloucester County Medical Society, and 
also a member of the Odd Fellows and Elks lodges. 

He was elected as the first Republican Freeholder 
from Monroe township in twenty-one years and in 
1916-17 was director of the board. He is chairman of 
the Board of Fire Commissioners of that township 
and physician to the Board of Health. 

The doctor was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
fourth term at the November, 1920, election. 

Last year he was chairman of the Committees on 
Railroads and Canals and Sanitorium for Tuberculous 
Diseases, besides serving on other committees. 

10 



296 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Hudson County. 

HAROLD B. TXJTTLE. 
(Rep., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Tuttle was born in Jersey City, May 6th, 1888, 
and is employed in the engineering department of the 
banlcing house of J. P. Morgan & Company at 23 
Wall Street, New York. He was educated in the public 
schools and attended the Bay Street High School, Jer- 
sey City. He is a member of Hiram Lodge, No. 17, F. 
& A. M., Highland Council, No. 297, Jr. O. U. A. M., 
and Oasis, No. 4, Court of the Orient. 

Mr. Tuittle was chosen to the Assembly at the No- 
vember, 1920, election. He has never held any other 
political position, but was an unsuccessful candidate 
for the Assembly in 1919. 

JAMES A. TEMPLETON. 
(Rep., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Templeton was born in Jersey City January 
29th, 1887. He was educated in the public schools of 
Jersey City and was for a time a bank clerk with the 
National City Bank of New York. His present occu- 
pation is that of an inspector. 

Mr. Templeton served his country in France during 
the world war. He was elected to the Assembly for 
the first time in November, 1920, and has never held 
any other political office. 

THOMAS LOUGHRAN, SR. 

(Rep., Jersey City.) 

Mr Loughran Avas born in New York City in the old 
Greenwich village section. May 30th, 1849. He grad- 
uated from a high school and spent three years at St. 
Francis Xavier College in the same city, following 
this up with a special course at Columbia University. 

Mr. Loughran is a potter by trade and worlted at 
his 'trade for several years in Trenton potteries. 
Afterward he was manager of the Morrisania China 
Works in Upper New York and for fifteen years has 
been in the pottery business in Jersey City. 

From 1914 to 1917 Mr. Loughran was a member of 
the Board of Education of Jersey City and also served 



BIOGRAPHIES. 297 

as president of the board. This is the only public office 
ever held by Mr. Loughran, except for a short time 
he served a clerkship in New York Citj- in 1879. In 
politics always a Republican, Mr. Loughran, however, 
supported Col. Roosevelt for President in 1912, when 
the latter ran as a Progressive and he stumped the 
State in 1913 for Everett Colby when the latter was 
a candidate for Governor on the Progressive ticket. 

ARTHUR H. NELSON. 
(Rep., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Nelson was born in Jersey City, N. J., on October 
19th, 1881, and has been a resident of that city all his 
life. He received his education in the public schools 
of Jersey City and has also studied insurance law in 
New York City. He is a member of Jersey City Lodge, 
No. 211, B. P. O. E., and has been engaged in the coal 
business for the past fourteen years, previous to which 
he was in the theatrical profession. 

Mr. Nelson is a broker, dealing exclusively in steam 
coal, supervising in the distribution for exclusive use 
in factories, office buildings, hotels, etc. He is rated 
as a coal expert and has fulfilled the duties of fuel 
administrator. He has never before held or aspired 
to hold public office, but upon receipt of several com- 
plaints relative to alleged rent profiteering which 
upon personal investigation developed into out-and- 
out profiteering and upon further personal investiga- 
tion finding this condition to be rather prevalent in 
Jersey City, particularly among the poorer class of 
our people, he decided to endeavor to be elected to 
membership of our Legislature, sincerely anticipating 
thereby to be of material assistance in relieving this 
deplorable and un-American situation. 

Mr. Nelson was the only Republican candidate in 
Hudson county ito receive the endorsement of the Cen- 
tral Labor Union and Building Trades Council. 

JOSEPH J. LOORI. 
(Rep., Jersey City.) 

Joseph John Loori is a resident of Jersey City, 
where he was born twenty-nine years ago. He was 
graduated from Public School No. 9 and from Has- 
brouck Institute in Jersey City, and then entered upon 



298 BIOGRAPHIES. 

a course of technical study at Cornell University, 
Ithaca, N. Y., where he attended lectures for two years. 
At the age of twenty-one years he determined upon a 
legal career and entered the New Jersey Law School 
at Newark, from which institution he was graduated 
in 1915 with the degree of LL.B. He has since then 
continuously practiced his profession in his home city 
and maintains an office at 586 Newark Avenue. 

Mr. Loori has been since his majority an active Re- 
publican in ithe politics of Hudson county, manifest- 
ing always a keen interest in public affairs. Though 
he has never before held public office, he was elected 
to the Assembly at the general election of 1920 by the 
highest vote cast in Hudson county at that election for 
any Republican candidate, excepting only the presi- 
dential nominees. His vote was 86,901, a plurality of 
11,280 over Crawford, the highest legislative candi- 
date of the Democrats. 

While Mr. Loori is an ardent worker in the interest 
of his party's organization, he is so on principle, and 
has very definite ideas of the sound and proper rela- 
tion of party discipline to American politics, in which 
parties are ever a natural and necessary feature. He 
adheres to the Roosevelt standard of striving for party 
strength as the only safe means in a free government 
of serving the general good. 

ALBERT E. STEPHENS. 
(Rep., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Stephens was born in Jersey City, May 23d, 189G, 
and is now Assistant Tax Assessor of the City of 
Bayonne. He was graduated from Horace Mann 
School and Bayonne High School and was a law stud- 
ent at George Washington University until our en- 
trance into the war, at which time he enlisted in the 
air service, and, after completing the courses at the 
U. S. School of Military Aeronautics, Princeton, N. J., 
and the U. S. Flying Field at Waco, Texas, he was 
commissioned as a Lieutenant Reserve Military Avi- 
ator. He served eighteen months and on his return 
took an active part in the organization of former serv- 
ice men. He is a member of Waco Lodge, No. 92, F. 
& A. M., and of the Peter E. Leddy Post, American 
Legion. He has always been an ardent Republican 



BIOGRAPHIES. 299 

and a hard worker for the party although he never 
held office before his election to the 1921 Assembly. 

FRANCIS R. ENOLEKE, JR. 
(Rep., North Bergen.) 

Mr. Engleke wag born in New York City August 
25th, 1S85, and was educated in the public schools of 
North Bergen. His business is that of a mason. 

Mr. Engleke was elected to the Assem^bly for the 
first time in November, 1920, and has never before 
held public office. 

EDWARD K. PATTERSON. 
(Rep., Harrison.) 

Mr. Patterson was born in Harrison, N. J., November 
7th, 1873, and was educated in the public schools of 
that municipality. His occupation is that of a clerk. 
Mr. Patterson has been active in the aff'airs of his 
home town and for two years was assistant chief of 
the Harrison Fire Department. This is his second 
time to be elected to the Assembly. In 1906 when 
Hudson county elected a solid Republican delegation 
to the New Jersey Assembly, as it did in 1920, Mr. 
Patterson was one of his party's candidates. 

JOHN B. STEPHENS. 
(Rep., Jersey City Heights.) 

Mr. Stephens was born in Hoboken, September 21st, 
1893, and received a public school education. His 
business is that of a foreign exchange broker. 

Mr. Stephens has never before held public office. 
He was elected to the Assembly ait the November, 1920, 
election. 

RUTHERFORD B. SEIBEL. 
(Rep., West New York.) 

Mr. Seibel was born in Guttenberg, N. J., February 
28th, 1877. He was educated in the Guttenberg pub- 
lic schools 'and is engaged in the coal business. 
Formerly he was in the food and drug business. 

Mr. Seibel is a^ member of the West New York 
School Board, having held the position since 1917. 
Previous to that he was a member of the Public Li- 



300 BIOGRAPHIES. 

brary Commission of that municipality. He also was 
the Republican nominee for Congress in the then 
Tenth District in 1910. This is his first election to the 
New Jersey Assembly. 

Mr. Seibel during the 1920 campaign expressed him- 
self 'as very much in favor of the creation of a State 
Housing Commission. 

WILLIAM F. FALLON. 
(Rep., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Fallon was born in Jersey City, September 11th, 
1883, and was educated in St. Peter's Parochial School 
in that citj-.. His business is that of electrical con- 
tractor. 

Mr. Fallon was elected to the Assembly for the first 
time at the November, 1920, election, and has never 
before held public office. He is a member of Jersey 
City Lodge of Elks and is 'also a member of the 
Knights of Columbus. 

Hunterdon County. 

A. LINCOLN MOORE. 
(Rep., Hampton.) 

Dr. Moore, a clergyman, author and lecturer, was 
born at Mays Landing, N. J., son of Isaiah Wells Moore 
and Hannah Frederica (Albright) Moore. He was 
educated ai Bucknell 'and Yale Universities, and has 
■the degrees R.A., M.A. and D.D. He married Miss K. 
May Wolverton in 1892. He served as pastor of Bap- 
tist churches in Philadelphia, New York, Franklin, Pa., 
and East Cleveland, and was President of the New 
York Baptist Ministers' Conference in 1905, Moderator 
Southern New York Baptist Association, 1906, and 
President Baptist Ministers' Union of Pennsylvania, 
1912. Dr. Moore was also delegate to the Baptist 
World Congress, London, England. 

Dr. Moore is ex-chaplain of the 112th Engineers, 
United States Army, and since being invalided from 
the army has had his permanent residence at Hamp- 
ton, where he formerly had been a frequent visitor. 
He belongs to the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity, the Ma- 
sonic Order, Union League Club, Philadelphia, and 
other organizations. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 301 

Mercer County. 

WILLIAM HARTWELL BLACKWELL. 
(Rep., Titusville.) 

Mr, Blackwell was born at Washington's Crossing, 
N. J., July 22d, 1882. The Blackwell homestead is now 
the property of the State, to be used for a park to com- 
memorate the crossing of the Delaware. He received 
his early education in the township schools and later 
attended the State Model School, Trenton, from which 
he graduated in 1901. Shortly after graduation he as- 
sumed management of the "Lowland" fruit farms, near 
Titusville, and is still engaged in growing fruit, spec- 
ializing in Bartlett pears. 

Mr. Blackwell has always been active in grange and 
agricultural work. He was President of the Mercer 
County Board of Agriculture for three years, during 
which time the Board was reorganized and placed in 
closer touch with the State body. He is Past Master 
of Titusville Grange, No. 163, a member of Mercer 
County Pomona Grange and of the New Jersey State 
Grange, President of the Pleasant Valley Vigilant So- 
ciety, a member of the New Jersey State Horticultural 
Society, the Sons of the Revolution, the Republican 
Club and Cyrus Lodge, No. 148, F. and A. M. 

Mr. Bla.ckwell never held political ofRce before his 
election to 'the Assembly. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly for a third term at the November, 1920, 
election. 

GEORGE W. GUTHRIE 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Guthrie was born at Trenton, N. J., October 12th, 
1881, and is a printing pressman. He never held pub- 
lic office before. He was sergeant-at-arms, N. J. Sen- 
ate, session of 1919, and is a member of the following 
organizations and lodges: Mercer Lodge, F. & A. 
M., Scottish Rite; Knights of Pythias, P. O. S. of A., 
Modern Woodmen, Republican Club of Trenton, Print- 
ing Pressmen's Union, financial secretary Mercer 
County Central Labor Union, secretary Printing Press- 
men and Assistants' League of New Jersey. 

He was elected to the Assembly for a second term at 
the November, 1920, election. 



302 BIOGRAPHIES. 

CLINTON H. READ. 
(Rep., Trenton.) 

Dr. Read was born at Wat-tsburg-, Pa., November 
30th, 1862, and is a physician, and was formerly a 
drug-gist. With his parents he removed to Williams- 
town, N. J., when three years old. He was educated 
in the public schools of that town. He learned the 
drug business in Philadelphia in which he engaged in 
his native place. He was graduaited in medicine in 
1893 at the Medico Chirurgical College, Philadelphia, 
and then located and practiced at Tullytown, Pa., m 
1894. He removed to Trenton in 1903, where he has 
followed his profession to the present time. The doc- 
tor was a member of Tullytown, Pa., council from 
1894-1902; 'the last two years being president, and 
also a member of the Bucks County Board of Pension 
Examiners, acting as secretary of same 1895-1903. He 
was postmaster under President Harrison in Williams- 
town, N. J., 1889-1893. 

Dr. Read was a member of the Assembly during the 
sessions of 1917 and 1918 and was again elected at the 
November, 1920, election. 



Middlesex County. 

ALBERT WESTBROOK APPLEBY. 
(Rep., Old Bridge.) 

Mr. Appleby was born at Old Bridge, N. J., Febru- 
ary 27th, 1873, and is a merchant. He served as a 
member of the Township Committee three years, 
1905-06-07. He was elected to 'the Assembly for a 
second term- at the November, 1920, election. 

C. RAYMOND LYONS. 
(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Lj'ons was born at New Brunswick, N. J., De- 
cember 25th, 1894, and is a lawyer. 

After completing- his High School work in 1913, Mr. 
Lyons entered Fordham University, New York City, 
was graduated June 14th, 1916, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. The following- November he was 
admitted to practice law at the age of 21 years. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 303 

During- the time he was at law school Mr. Lyons 
studied with Edmund A. Hayes and Chester R. Hol- 
man, of New Brunswick. Upon his admission he 
formed a partnership with Frederick F. Richardson, 
County Solicitor for Middlesex count j-, New Jersey, 
under the firm name of Richardson & Lyons. 

In 1918 Mr. Lyons enlisted in the U. S. Marines and 
after completing- the necessary course of training at 
Paris Island, S. C, was assig-ned to the Marine Bar- 
racks at Dover, N. J., where he was awaiting over- 
seas orders w^hen the armistice was sig-ned. 

Mr. Lyons is a member of several organizations and 
among- other important positions in fraternal organi- 
zations is state treasurer of the N. J. Moose Associa- 
tion. His law fraternity is Delta Theta Phi. Held no 
previous public office. 

He was elected to the Assembly for a second term 
at the November, 1920, election. 

EDWARD .T. PETERSON. 
(Rep., Perth Amboy.) 

Mr. Peterson was born in Perth Amboy, June 7th, 
1889. He graduated from the Perth Amboy Grammar 
School and Trainer's Business College at that place 
and studied the Swedish language in private schools. 

Mr. Peterson is chief timekeeper and paymaster with 
the American Smelting and Refining Company, Maurer, 
X. J. In his earlier daj-s he engaged in newspaper 
work, starting as a printer's "devil" and becoming- a 
reporter on iseveral papers and finally publisher of the 
Perth Amiboy Weekly Press in 1915. 

Mr. Peterson was elected to the Assembly for the 
first time at the November, 1920, election and has 
never before held aiiy public office. 



Monmouth County. 

CLINTON B. LOHSEN. 
(Rep., Keansburg.) 

Mr. Lohsen was born March 12th, 18S8, and was edu- 
cated in the Middletown township and Atlantic High- 
lands public schools. He has been engaged in the 
banking business since 1903. 



304 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr, Lohsen has served as a member and chairman 
of the township commiittee of his township contin- 
uously since 1913. He was elected to the Assembly 
for the first time at the November, 1920, election. 

EDWARD A. SEXSMITH. 
(Rep., Belmar.) 

Mr. Sexsmiih was born at Kortright, Delaware 
county. New York, July 24th, 1853, and is a farmer. 
He attended Franklin Institute, New York, and taught 
school two years in New York State. He then was 
principal of schools in New Jersey for sixteen years. 
Having become interested in farming while engaged 
in teaching, he dropped his profession and devo'ted 
his time to his farm at Belmar. Mr. Sexsmith held the 
position of Assistant Supervisor of Bills in the Senate 
from 1905 to 1909, inclusive, and Supervisor of Bills 
from 1910 to 1912, inclusive. He has been a member 
of the Monmouth County Board of Agriculture for 
many years and assisted in establishing the farm 
demonstration movement in that county. He has been 
a lecturer at farmers' institutes and other agricul- 
tural meetings throughout the State, and in 1916 was 
elected a member of the State Board of Agriculture. 
He s serving his second term as Township Collector. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
12,175 over Richard Newman, high Democrat. 



Morris County. 

GEORGE W. DOWNS. 
(Rep., Madison.) 

Mr, Downs was born at Hackettstown, N. J., October 
14th, 1855. He was educated in the public schools of 
his native tov/n. He is engaged in the paper board 
business. 

Mr. Downs v/as elected to the Assembly for the fifth 
time at the November, 1920, election, he having served 
in the Assembly during the sessions of 1914, 1915, 1916 
and 1918. The subject of this sketch has been active 
in the affairs of Madison for many years. From 1904 
to 1910 he was a councilman and in 1910 and again in 



BIOGRAPHIES. 305 

1911 he was elected Mayor. It was largely through 
his efforts that the Board of Public Improvements was 
organized in Madison in 1912 and he also was promi- 
nent in the formation in 1913 of the Mayors' Society 
of Morris County, of which organization he was made 
President. Mr. Downs is a member of Madison Lodge. 
No. 93, F. & A. M., the Madison G-olf Club and the 
Madison Board of Public Improvement. 

SAMUEL K. OWEN. 
(Rep., Butler.) 

Dr. Owen, a practicing dentist, was born in Goshen, 
N. Y., August 19th, 1876. He studied at the Goshen, 
N. Y., 'High School, and the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He has been following his profession in But- 
ler since 1900. 

Dr. Owen has served as a member of Common Coun- 
cil in Dover and has been chief of the fire department 
of the borough of Butler for seventeen years. He 
was elected to the Assembly for the first time at the 
Novem.ber, 1920, election. 



Ocean County. 

WOODBURN S. CRANMER. 
(Rep., Cedar Run.) 

Mr. Cranmer was born at Cedar Run, N. J., May 9th, 
1868, and is a general merchant. He has been an 
automobile dealer since 1908, and a dealer in motor- 
cycles and bicycles since 1900. He has been post- 
master since 1891, was a member of the Board of 
Freeholders from 1907. to 1913, was director during 
the last year of service, and was clerk of Stafford 
township soon after becoming of age. All his life he 
has been interested in church work and public im- 
provements. 

He was elected to the Assembly for a second term 
at the November, 1920, election. 



306 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Passaic County. 

HENRY G. HERSHFIELD. 
(Rep., Pompton Lakes.) 

Mr. Hershfield was born in 1876, in St. Louis, Mo., 
and is the son of Lewis Harris Hershfield, a pioneer 
of Montana, and a grandson of Harris Hershfield, one 
of the early settlers of Kansas. He was educated in 
the public schools in Helena, Montana, and at Col- 
umbia University, New York City, taking the Aca- 
demic and Legal courses. At the outbreak of the 
Spanish War, he entered the government service, 
being detailed for duty to the Indian Reservations, 
resigning in 1900 to take up newspaper work on the 
New York Morning Journal. He is now in the fire 
insurance business, representing several companies 
for northern New Jersey, with offices in New York 
City and Pompton Lakes. 

In 1914 he was appointed foreman of the first 
chancellor-drawn grand jury for Passaic county and 
in 1916 was elected a delegate to the Republican 
Convention in Chicago, representing the 7th Congres- 
sional district. 

He is now serving his fourth consecutive term as 
mayor of the borough of Pompton Lakes, being each 
time the nominee of both the Republican and Demo- 
cratic parties. 

Largely through his efforts the borough built and 
operated one of the few successful municipally owned 
water and electric light plants, which has proven to 
be a signal success. He was an organizer of the 1st 
National Bank of Pompton Lakes, also the Pompton 
Lakes Building and Loan Association, and is a di- 
rector in both of those institutions as well as in 
several insurance and real estate companies. 

He belongs to the Masons, Odd Fellows, Mechanics, 
the Theta Delta Chi fraternity, the Graduate Club of 
New York City, and the Old Guard Veteran Battalion 
of New York State. 

Mr. Hershfield was re-elected to a fifth term ait the 
November, 1920, election. 

Mr. Hershfield was the Republican leader in the 
1920 Assembly. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 307 

FREDERICK J. TATTERSALL. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Tattersall was born in Paterson, December 24th, 
1869, and has lived in that city all his life. He at- 
tended the public schools of Paterson and is a grad- 
uate of the Paterson High School. He learned the 
plumbing trade and engaged in it for twenty years, 
but is now acting as sales manager with the John S. 
Norton Company of Jersey City and Paterson. Mr, 
Tattersall is a member of the Master Plumbers' As- 
sociation, Benevolent Lodge No. 45, F. & A. M., and 
Fabiola Lodge No. 57, K. of P. He has always been 
an ardent Republican and a hard worker for the 
party, although he never held office before his election 
to the Assembly. 

He was given a fifth term at the November, 1920, 
election. 

WILLIAM WADSWORTH EVANS. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Evans was born at Paterson, N. J., October 5th, 
1887, and was educated in the public schools of that 
city and was graduated from the Paterson High School 
in 1905, and the New York Law School in 1908. He was 
admitted to practice law in New York State in March, 
1909, and in New Jersey in November, 1911. He was 
Assistant Journal Clerk of the Senate in 1911, and Sec- 
retary to Speaker Thomas F. McCran in 1912. He was 
re-elected to Assembly for a third term at the No- 
vember, 1920, election. 

LESTER F. MELONEY. 
(Rep., Clifton.) 

Dr. Lester Foye Meloney was born in Brooklyn, N. 
Y., June 16th, 1881. He came to Clifton, N. J., with his 
parents when he was an infant and has resided there 
for the past thirty-eight years. He attended school in 
Clifton, then at the Passaic High School and the New 
York Preparatory SchooL after which he entered 
Columbia University, New York, where he took up his 
professional work in the College of Physicians and 
SurgeonS; graduating from the Medical School in 1905. 
After his graduation he further advanced his medical 



308 BIOGRAPHIES. 

work in the New York Lying-in Hospital, at the 
French Hospital in New York City, at St. Bartholo- 
mew's Clinic, a specialty clinic in New York City and 
at Sanford Hall, Flushing, Long Island, N. Y. 

Dr. Meloney was then appointed surgeon to the 
Katala Hospital in Alaska. The doctor came home to 
pay a visit to his parents and while at home his father 
died and he decided to remain at home with his 
moither and an invalid brother and has practiced medi- 
cine in Clifton and taken an active part in civic affairs 
since the ispring of 1908. 

He was next appointed township physician and then 
medical inspector of schools and his activities were of 
such importance to ^the township that his friends de- 
manded his candidacy for the township committee and 
iie was elected a committeeman in 1914. His argu- 
ments defeated an attempt to annex a part of Aquack- 
anonk itownship to the City of Passaic. Dr. Meloney 
tO'Ok a very active part in the welfare of the people 
and when the township was made a second class city 
he was elected a member of the City Council and was 
its President for the first year of the cLty's life. He 
was an examining physician on the Passaic County 
Draft Board No. 2, a member of the Volunteer Medical 
Service Corps No. 22732. He is a member of the B. P.. 
O. E. (Elks), No, 387, Passaic, of Clifton Lodge of Free 
and Accepted Masons, of Acquackanonk Grange No. 
183. P. of H., of the Passaic County Medical Society, 
of 'the Medical Society of New Jersey and of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, 

Dr. Meloney was elected to the Assembly for the 
first time at the November, 1920, election. 

JOHN JOSEPH ROEGNER. 
(Rep., Passaic.) 

Mr. Roegner was born in Passaic, March 19th, 1895. 
He was educated in the Passaic High School, Seton 
Hall College and Pordham University, at which latter 
institution he studied law and received the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. Mr. Roegner is now practicing his 
profession in Passaic. During the world war he en- 
listed on April 30th, 1917, and .served 'as a lieutenant 
in the 48th Infantry of the U. S. Regular Army. 

Mr. Roegner was elected to the Assembly for the 
first time at the November, 1920, election. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 309 

Salem County. 

WILLIAM S. STILES. 
(Rep., Pedricktown.) 

Mr, Stiles was born in Oldman's township, Salem 
county, N. J., September 14th, 1869, and is a farmer. 
He attended schools in the vicinity. He was elected 
a member of the Township Committee in 1908 and 
again in 1912, and was chairman during- both terms. 
He was a member of the Board of Education nine 
years and its president five years, and was appointed 
Journal Clerk of the Senate in 1916-17-18. 

Mr. Stiles was elected to the Assem^bly for a second 
term at the November, 1920, election. 



Somerset County. 

DAVID HASTINGS. 
(Rep., Bound Brook.) 

Mr. Hastings was born at Belfast, Ireland, Febru- 
ary 7th, 1864, and is in the real estate and insurance 
business. He was formerly secretary of the Bound 
Brook Woolen Mills. He has resided in Bound Brook 
for over thirty-six years and saw the town grow up 
to what it is today, and has been, and is, interested 
in all matters pertaining to the welfare of the com- 
munity. At the present time he is associated with 
the Bound Brook Water Co., Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation, the Board of Trade, of which he is president, 
and a director in the First National Bank of Bound 
Brook. 

Mr. Hastings was elected to the Assembly for a sec- 
ond term at the November, 1920, election. 



Sussex County. 

HUGH CUMMINS BALDWIN. 
(Rep., Sussex.) 

Mr. Baldwin was born at Newton, N. J., December 
11th, 1887, and is an attorney and counselor-at-law. 
He is son of James E. Baldwin and Anna F. Baldwin; 



310 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was educated at the Newton High School, English and 
Classical School of Newton, and the New York Law 
School, from which last-named institution he was 
graduated in 1909, with the degree of LL..B. Also 
studied law under Charles D. Thompson, of Jersey 
City, and Thomas M. Kays, of Newton; was admitted 
to the bar of New Jersey at the February term, 1911, 
and was almost immediately appointed a Master in 
Chancery by Chancellor Walker, and was later admit- 
ted to practice as a counselor. Mr. Baldwin started 
practicing his profession in Newton, but in 1913 re- 
moved to Sussex. He enjoys a fine practice and of 
recent years has been retained in many of the more 
important cases in the Sussex county courts. 

He was elected to the Assembly for a second term at 
the November, 1920, election. 



Union County. 

ARTHUR N. PIERSON. 
(Rep., Westfield.) 

Mr. Pierson was born at Westfield, N. J., June 23d, 
1867, and is in the wholesale sewer pipe and clay 
products business, with offices in New York City. 
He was educated in the public school, Pingry Academy, 
and John Leal's Academy. He is president of the 
Westfield Board of Trade and of the Westfield Town 
Plan and Art Commission. Mr. Pierson has always 
voted the Republican ticket. 

In 1914 he was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 2,696; in 1915 by 4,019; in 1916 by 7,162; in 
1917 by 5,241; in 1918 by 3,720, and in 1919 by 3,387. 

Mr. Pierson served as Chairman of the Commission 
for the Survey of Municipal Financing for four years; 
was the author of the Municipal Finance Laws of 
1917 and 1918, and the Tax and Tax Sale Acts of 1918. 
He is Chairman of the Pension and Retirement Fund 
Commission for the Revision of the Pension Laws of 
the State. 

Among the important laws of which he was the 
author are the Pierson Budget Act, the Pierson Bond 
Act, the Pierson Sinking Fund Act, the Tax Act (Re- 
vision of 1918) and the Tax Sale Act (Revision of 1918) 
and the Physical Training Law of 1917. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 311 

Mr. Pierson was the majority leader in the session of 
1918, which lasted only eight weeks, being the shortest 
since the year 1847, and his skillful leadership was 
largely instrumental in bringing about that record- 
breaking event in that period of legislation. He 
served as Speaker during the session of 1919 with 
much credit and impartiality, giving every satisfac- 
tion in a house that was a tie politically. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly for a seventh 
term at the November, 1920, election. 

ARTHUR EDWARD WARNER. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Warner was born in East Providence, R. I., May 
15th, 1878, and is secretary-treasurer of Perth Amboy 
Printing Company, and was formerly an editor and 
newspaper writer. He lias resided in Elizabeth for the 
last eleven years. 

After graduating from the high school of his native 
town he engaged in newspaper work in Providence. 
By newspaper writing and school teaching, he paid 
his way through Dartmouth College, graduating in 
1904 with the degree of Bachelor of Science. Follow- 
ing his graduation he was vice principal and instruc- 
tor in science and mathematics at the Newport, Vt., 
Academy — 1904-05. He was editor of the Lawrence, 
Mass., Telegram, city editor Bridgeport, Conn., Tele- 
gram, acting editor Hartford, Conn., Post, and for 
several years a member of the editorial staff of the 
Newark Evening Star. He assisted in organizing the 
Perth Amboy Printing Company, a corporation that 
succeeded the commercial department of the Perth 
Amboy Evening New^s. 

Mr, Warner has taken a prominent part in Union 
county affairs for some years back, but held no public 
office until his election to the Assembly in 1917. Last 
year he was a member of the Committees on Municipal 
Corporations, Bill Revision and Ways and Means, and 
Chairman of the Committee on State Library, and was 
appointed Chairman of the Assembly Commission to 
investigate juvenile courts and domestic relation laws. 

He was re-elected to the Assembly for a fourth term 
at the November, 1920, election. 



312 BIOGRAPHIES. 

SIDNEY WINTRINGHAM ELDRIDGE. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Eldrid&e was born 'at Elizabeth, N. J., March 
7th, 1883, and is a lawyer. He was secretary of the 
Union County Board of Taxation, 1909 to 1912; Repub- 
lican member Elizabeth City Council from the Tenth 
ward for two terms, beginning- January 1st, 1917, to 
January 1st, 1920. He was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney, March 7th, 1904; as counselor-at-law, Feb- 
ruary term, 1907, always practicing liis profession in- 
the city of Elizabeth, Union county. New Jersey; is a 
member of Union County and New Jersey State Bar 
Associations, also various patriotic, business, frater- 
nal, athletic and social organizations. He has been 
active in the prosecution of the war activities and all 
local matters of a public and semi-public character. 

Mr. Eldridge was elected to the Assembly for a sec- 
ond term at the November, 19'20, election. 



"Warren County. 

HARRY RUNYON. 
(Dem., Belvidere.) 

Mr. Runyon has the distinction of being the only 
Democrat elected to the Assembly at ithe November, 
1920, election. He was corn in Hope township, War- 
ren county, December 8th, 1891. He was educated in 
the public schools, graduating from the Hackettstown 
High School in 1912. He then took up the study of 
law and was admitted to practice in 1915. 

Mr. Runyon has served as a secretary to the Warren 
County Tax Board and also was for two years Mayor 
of Belvidere. In May, 1917, he enlisted in the United 
States Regular Army and served for two j^ears until 
he was honorably discharged in May, 1919. 

Mr. Runyon is a Past Noble Grand of the I. O. O. F., 
a member of the Masonic Order, of the Knights of 
Pythias and of the American Legion. 

His first election to the Assembly was at the recent 
election. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 313 

THE JUDICIARY. 



UXITED STATES SUPREME COURT. 

Third Circuit — Pennsylvania, New Jersej", Delaware. 

MAHLON PITNEY, Justice. 

Mahlon Pitney, Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, was born in Morristown, 
New Jersey, February 5th, 1858, a son of Henry C. 
Pitney, who served from 1889 to 1907 as a Vice-Chan- 
cellor of New Jersey. He was graduated from the 
College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 
1879; admitted ito practice law in New Jersey in 1882; 
elected to Congres^s from that State as a Republican in 
1894 and re-elected in 1896, serving in the Fifty-fourth 
and Fifty-fifth Congresses; elected in 1898 to serve 
in the State Senate for a term of three years, and in 
1901 was president of that body; from November, 1901, 
until January, 1908, was an associate justice of the 
New Jersey Supreme Court, and in the later month be- 
came Chancellor of the State, in which office he served 
until he took his seat in the Supreme Court of the 
I'nited States; was appointed by President Taft on 
March 13th, 1912, to be an Associate Justice of that 
court, and took the oath of office five days later. Has 
received the degree of LL.D. from Princeton Uni- 
versity and from Rutgers College. 



UXITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS. 

Third Circuit — Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware. 
Circuit Court Judges. 

Joseph Buffington, Pennsylvania; Victor B. Wooley. 
Delaware; J. Warren Davis, New Jersey. 

J. WARREN DAVIS, Salem. 

Judge Davis was born in Elizabeth City, N. C, March 
4th, 1867, and spent his boyhood days at that place 
and at Norfolk, Va., where his father, John Smithson 
Davis, moved when the District Attorney was a boy. 
He received his early education at Elizabeth City and 



314 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Norfolk in the public schools. He prepared for college 
at Chester Academy, Chester, Pa„ and graduiated 
valedictorian of liis class in 1892. He graduated from 
Bucknell University in 1896, from Crozer Theological 
Seminary in 1899, at both of which places he was one 
of the commencement speakers. Upon his graduation 
at Crozer he was elected instructor in Hebrew and 
Greek. He pursued past graduate studies in history 
and philosophy at the University of Chicago in 1901, 
and at the University of Leipsic, Germany, in 1902 and 
1903, during which time he took lectures at the Uni- 
versities of Berlin and Halle. He returned to America 
and entered the Law School of the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1904, and graduated in 1906, since which 
time lie has practiced law with his brother, James 
Mercer Davis, of Mount Holly, N. J., under the firm 
name of Davis & Davis, with their principal office in 
the Security Trust Building, Camden, N. J. He is a 
member of the bar of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 
and of the State bar associations of both States. 

He has the degrees of A.B., A.M., B.D. and B.L. 

He was one of the charter members of the Kappa 
Sigma fraternity in college, and was a member of the 
Supreme Executive Committee, the executive of the 
fraternity-at-large for two years, being Worthy Grand 
Master of Ceremonies, having charge of the secret 
work of the fraternity. He was District Grand Master 
of the Second District, extending from Connecticut to 
Virginia, for two years. He is a member of the fol- 
lowing fraternal organizations: Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Red Men, Mechanics, P. O. S. of A., Grange, Knights of 
Pythias, Loyal Order of Moose, Tall Cedars and Eagles. 

In 1911 he was elected to the Senate of New Jersey 
from Salem county by a plurality of 732 over William 
Plummer, Jr., his predecessor in office. Mr, Davis 
served as Senator until June 4th, 1913, when he was 
appointed District Attorney for the State of New 
Jersey. He filled that office until May 29th, 1916, when 
he qualified as a Judge of the U. S. District Court 
for New Jersey. In 1920 Judge Davis was appointed 
one of the judges of the United States Circuit Court of 
Appeals for the Third Circuit. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT. 

JOHN RELLSTAB, Trenton. 
Judge Rellstab, who was born In Trenton, N. J-, 
September 19, 1858, is a son of John and Theresa 
(Schaidnagel) Rellstab, the former a native of Switzer- 
land and the latter of Bavaria. He obtained his edu- 
cation in the parish school of the Trinity Evangelical 
Lutheran Church and the public schools of the city of 
Trenton. Before he was fourteen years of age he 
began to learn the pottery trade. During the latter 
part of his apprenticeship he began the study of law 
at night, having entered his name with the late Levi 
T. Hannum. In order to complete his law studies he 
left the trade of potter after becoming a journeyman 
and took a clerical position in the office of the New 
Jersey Pottery Company, later taking charge of the 
company's salesrooms in New York City and sub- 
sequently becoming salesman on the western and 
southern routes for the same firm. At a later period 
he served in the capacity of commercial traveler for 
the East Trenton pottery. Having chosen law as his 
profession, he kept steadily on with that one end in 
view and was finally admitted to the bar at the No- 
vember term, 1882, and as a counselor at the Novem- 
ber term, 1889. At one time he was a partner of the 
late Judge James Buchanan. He served in the capa- 
city of solicitor for the borough of Chambersburg from 
1884 to 1888, and for the city of Trenton from 1889 to 
1892, and from 1894 to 1896. In the last-named year 
he was made Judge of the District Court for the city 
of Trenton, serving until 1900, when he was made 
Judge of Mercer county. He was reappointed to the 
latter office in 1905. In politics Judge Rellstab Is a 
staunch supporter of Republican principles. In re- 
ligious faith he adheres to that of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which he is a ruling elder and teacher of 
the men's Bible class. He is one of the directors of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, the chairman 
of the Committee on Foreign Work of the same so- 
ciety, the chairman of the Advisory Board of the 
Florence Crittendon Mission, and a member of the 
Board of Managers of the New Jersey Children's Home 
Society. He was appointed United States District 



3ie BIOGRAPHIES. 

Judge on May 6, 1909, and was confirmed on May 18. 
He was succeeded by Frederick W. Gnlchtel as Judge 
of the Mercer County Court. 

CHARLES FRANCIS LYNCH, Paterson. 

Judge Lynch was born in Franklin borough, Sussex 
county, N. J., January 9th, 1884. His offices are in 
the Post-Office Building, Newark, and at 140 Market 
street, Paterson. He attended the public schools at 
Franklin in 1901, removed to Paterson and entered 
the law offices of Michael Dunn, now Prosecutor of 
the Pleas, as a student and clerk, remained there 
several years and then entered the law offices of Pierce 
& Greer, New York City. He was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey at the November term, 1906. Shortly 
thereafter he became associated with former United 
States Senator William Hughes in the practice of law. 
Mr. Lynch was appointed Second U. S. District Attorney 
in June, 1913, was promoted to First Assistant in Sep- 
tember, 1914, and became District Attorney May 29th, 
1916. In June, 1919, he was appointed U. S. District 
Court Judge by President Wilson and was sworn into 
office on July 19th, 1919. 

JOSEPH L. BODINE, Trenton. 

Mr. Bodine was born at Trenton, November 6th, 
1883. He is a son of the late Dr. Joseph L. Bodine. 
He graduated from Princeton in 1905, and Harvard 
Law School in 1908, studied law with Judge G. D. W. 
Vroom, and was admitted to practice as an attorney 
at the November term, 1908, and as a counselor three 
years afterwards. He was appointed Assistant United 
States Attorney in 1915 by Judge J. Warren Davis, 
and continued in this position during the term of 
Judge Charles F. Lynch as United States Attorney. 
Mr. Bodine was appointed United States Attorney on 
July 15th, 1919, by President Wilson, and in 1920, upon 
the elevation of Judge J. Warren Davis to the Circuit 
Court of Appeals bench, Mr. Bodine was made one of 
the three United States District Court Judges for the 
District of New Jersey. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

COURT OP CHANCERY. 

Chancellor. 

EDWIN ROBERT WALKER, Trenton. 

Chancellor Walker was born in Rochester, New 
York, September 13th, 1862, where his father, Dr. 
Walter Walker, practiced medicine and surgery, but 
since 1869 he has lived In Trenton, the home of his 
maternal ancestors, two of whom were officers in the 
American army during the Revolutionary war, and 
one of whom was State Treasurer of New Jersey. 

Mr. Walker went to the Model School until 1878, 
when he left to become clerk in the office of the late 
Hon. Henry S. Little, then Clerk in Chancery. While 
serving a clerkship in the Chancery office he studied 
law with the late Col. S. Meredith Dickinson and 
afterwards with Judge Garret D. W. Vroom. He was 
admitted to the bar at the June term of the Supreme 
Court, 1886, and at once thereafter commenced the 
practice of his profession, in which he was actively 
engaged until appointed to the bench. In 1891-92 
Mr. Walker was counsel for the Board of Chosen 
Freeholders of the county of Mercer, and in 1892-93 
was city counsel for the corporation ot Trenton. Mr. 
Walker was Judge-Advocate of the Second Regiment, 
N. G. N. J., with the rank of Captain in 1906, and in 
1907 was made Judge-Advocate of the Second Bri- 
gade with the rank of Major. He was appointed 
Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor Magie on October 29. 
1907, for a full term of seven years, to succeed Vice- 
Chancellor Bergen, who resigned to become a Justice 
of the Supreme Court. On March 18th, 1912, Governor 
Wilson nominated Mr. Walker for the office of Chan- 
cellor to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chancellor Mahlon Pitney, and he was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. 

In 1916 Rutgers College conferred the degree of 
LL.D. upon Chancellor Walker. He was nominated 
for another term by Governor Edge in 1919, 'and was 
paid the unusual compliment of an immediate con- 
firmation by the Senate, an honor rarely bestowed 
except in the case of a Senator or a former Senator. 

The Chancellor is a Democrat in politics. His term 
will expire March 18th, 1926. 



318 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Vice-Chancellors. 

EUGENE STEVENSON, Paterson. 

Vice-Chancellor Stevenson was born In Brooklyn, N. T., 
June 28, 1849. He moved to Paterson with his parents In 
1866, and has since resided there. He was graduated from 
the New York University as a Bachelor of Arts in the 
class of 1870, and was also graduated from the Law De- 
partment of the same Institution. Subsequently he en- 
tered the law office of Socrates Tuttle, father-in-law of 
the late Vice-President Hobart, where he continued his 
studies. In June, 1874, Mr. Stevenson was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney-at-law, and three years later was 
made a counsellor. In 1881 he was appointed a Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Passaic county by Governor Ludlow. He 
served a full term of five years in that oflJice. He did not 
seek a reappointment. Since that time he has never held 
a public office, although he has often been sought as a 
candidate for such. Prior to his elevation to the bench he 
enjoyed a very large practice in the higher courts of the 
State. He was appointed Vice-Chancellor on April 16, 1901, 
for a full term of seven years. He was reappointed In 
1908 and again in 1915. In politics he is a Democrat. 
His term will expire in 1922. 

EDMUND B. LEAMING, Camden. 

Vice-Chancellor Leaming, who was born at Seaville, 
Cape May county, N. J., sixty-one years ago, is the son 
of ex-Senator and Dr. Jonathan F. Learning and a 
brother of Dr. Walter S. Leaming, now deceased, who 
also served as Senator from Cape May. The Vice- 
Chancellor was, with his brother, educated under a 
private tutor, and subsequently as a post graduate 
'n the University of Pennsylvania, and thereafter 
studied law v/ith the late Judge and former Con- 
gressman James Buchanan in Trenton. United 
States Judge William M. Lanning, Congressman 
Ira Wood, Prosecutor of the Pleas Eugene Emley, Alfred 
L. Black, Samuel W. Beldon and Samuel Walker, Jr., 
were law students In Trenton at the same time and pre- 
pared for the bar with Vice-Chancellor Leammg. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 1881, and 
as a counselor In February, 1884. From Trenton he went 
to Seattle, and then lo San Francisco, where he practiced 
his profession for a brief period. Upon his return to New 



BIOGRAPHIES. 319 

Jersey he formed a co-partnership with Samuel W. Bel- 
don, Upon its dissolution by the appointment of Mr. Bel- 
don as general counsel of the Fidelity Trust Company, at 
Newark, N. J., he practiced by himself in Camden and 
until he was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Magie on September 21, 1906, to fill a vacancy caused by 
the death of Martin P. Grey. In 1913 he was appointed 
for another term by Chancellor Walker and was again 
reappointed in 1920. His term will expire September 
21st, 1927. 

VIVIAN M. LEWIS, Paterson. 

Vice-Chancellor Lewis was born at Paterson, N. J., 
June 8th, 1869. Prior to his admission to the bar he 
was engaged as correspondent of several New York 
newspapers. He was appointed judge-advocate of 
the old Second Regiment, National Guard, in July, 
1896, and served until the reorganization in 1899, 
when he was placed on the retired list with the rank 
of captain. He was elected to the Assembly in 
1898, 1899 and 1900, and was leader of the Republi- 
can majority on the floor of the House during his 
last term. He was for many years one of the counsel 
of the State Board of Health. He was elected City 
Counsel of Paterson in 1904 for a full term of ofl3ce, 
but resigned upon his appointment by Governor Mur- 
phy as Clerk in Chancery, to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Edward C. Stokes, who was 
elected Governor. He was nominated for a full term 
of office in 1905, by Governor Stokes, and was con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served in that office until 
April, 1909, when he was appointed Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, which office he held until 
April 3d, 1912. when he was appointed a Vice-Chan- 
cellor by Chancellor Walker. He was reappointed in 
1919 and his term will expire April 3d, 1926. 

Vice-Chancellor Lewis was the Republican candi- 
date for Governor in 1910. 

JOHN H. BACKES, Newark. 
Vice-Chancellor Backes was born in Trenton, N, J., 
August 18th, 1863. He was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term, 1884, and in February, 
1888, he was licensed as a counsellor. He has always 
practiced his profession in Trenton. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 



320 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Backes was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by- 
Chancellor Walker on February 22d, 1913, for a term 
of seven years and was reappointed in 1920. His term 
will expire February 21st, 1927. 

JOHN GRIFFIN, Jersey City. 

Vice-Chancellor Griffin was born in Jersey City, 
June 26th, 1858. He was educated in the public schools 
and at an early age entered the law offices of Bedle, 
Muirheid & McGee as a student. He was admitted to 
the bar as an attorney in June, 1881, and as a coun- 
sellor three years later. At one time he was a partner 
of James A. Romeyn, and subsequently became a junior 
partner in the old firm headed by the late Governor 
Bedle. He specialized in admiralty law, of which he 
became a recognized authority. He has had an exten- 
sive practice in all the higher courts of the State and 
in the Supreme Court of the United States. Much of 
the municipal laws of the State have been framed by 
him, and for seventeen years he has been counsel to 
the Board of Freeholders of Hudson county. 

Mr. Griffin was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chan- 
cellor Walker, March 20th, 1913, for a term of seven 
years and was reappointed in 1920. His term will 
expire March 20th, 1927. In politics the Vice-Chan- 
cellor is a Democrat. 

JOHN E. FOSTER, Atlantic Highlands. 

Vice-Chancellor Foster was born in New York City, 
September 22d, 1864, and moved to Monmouth county, 
in this State, in 1879. He graduated from the Law 
School of Columbia College in 1886, and was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney at the November term, 
1886, and as a counsellor three years later. 

In 1900 he was appointed Prosecutor of the Pleas 
for Monmouth County and held that position until 
1904, when he was appointed Law Judge of that 
county; he held the position of Law Judge by re- 
appointments for eleven years and until he resigned 
in 1915. 

He was appointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Walker on January 15th, 1916, for a full term. In 
politics he is a Republican. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

MALCOLM G. BUCHANAN, Trenton. 

Vice-Chancellor Buchanan was born in Trenton, 
March 10th, 1881. He is a son of former State Li- 
brarian Henry C. Buchanan and 'a nephew of the late 
James Buchanan, for a number of years Equity Re- 
porter and Advisory Master of the Court of Chancery. 
He was graduated from Princeton University in the 
class of 1900 and from the Harvard Law School in 
1903. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney at 
the June term, 1904, and received his counselor's 
license at the corresponding- term in 1907. He began 
the active practice of law immediately upon admis- 
sion as 'a member of the firm of James & Malcolm G. 
Buchanan. The practice of the firm was extensive and 
varied. 

Since the death of his uncle in 1916, Vice-Chancel- 
lor Buchanan continued alone in the practice of la.w 
and had one of the most extensive practices in the 
middle section of the State. He has been essentially 
a trial lawyer, appearing frequently in all the courts, 
from those of first instance to the Court of Errors and 
Appeals, and has acquitted himself in a way to attract 
attention of the bench and bar. 

He was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Walker and took the oath of office on October 15th, 
1919. 

JAMES F. FIELDER, Jersey City. 

Vice-Chancellor Fielder was born in Jersey City, 
February 26th, 1867. His 'ancestors on his mother's 
side w^ere Hollanders and on his father's side, English. 
They were among the earliest settlers in the State of 
New Jersey. The families of both father and mother 
of Governor Fielder have been well known in the re- 
ligious and political history of the State. His mother 
was Eleanor A. Brinkerhoff, a sister of former Senator 
William Brinkerhoff. His father was George B. 
Fielder, Register of Hudson county, and member of 
the Forty-third Congress. His paternal grandfather 
was a member of Assembly from the county of Hud- 
son in 1871, and his maternal grandfather was for 
many years a county judge of Hudson county. 

The Vice-chancellor attended the public schools 
and hig^h school of his home city, and later finished 
at the Selleck School at Norwalk, Conn. He attended 



322 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Columbra University Law School, from which he grad- 
uated in 1887 with the degree of LL.B. After his 
graduation lie served his apprenticeship in the office 
of his uncle, ex-Senator Brinkerhoff. and was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1888. He was a member of the House 
of Assembly from Hudson county in 1903 and 1904, 
and in 1907 was elected to the Senate. In 1910 he was 
re-elected by the largest majority of votes ever given 
to a State Senator from his county. 

He was elected President of the Senate in 1913 and 
when Governor Wilson resigned his office March 1, 
President Fielder became Acting Governor and served 
until October 28, when he resigned as Senator to take 
part in the campaign for Governor, for which office 
he was nominated at the State primarj^ election held 
September 23d, 1913, by a majority of 45,299 over 
Frank S. Katzenbach, Jr. He was succeeded by Leon 
R. Taylor, Speaker of the House of Assembly. At the 
regular State election which followed the Governor 
defeated Edward Casper Stokes by a plurality of 
32,886. Presient-elect Wilson P'aid him the highest 
enconiums. • On June 24th, 1895, the Vice-Chancellor 
married Mabel Chatwell Miller, of Norwalk, Conn. 

He was appointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor 
Walker and was sworn into office November 2d, 1919. 



JUSTICES OP THE SUPREME COURT. 
Chief Justice. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE, Newark. 

Chief Justice Gummere was born in Trenton, June 24tft, 
1852, and is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for 
many years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the 
bar of New Jersey. The Justice was educated at Ihe old 
Trenton Academy and the Lawrenceville School, and waa 
graduated from Princeton College in 1870. He studied la\r 
with his father, and upon being admitted to the bar he 
practiced for a time in the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when 
that gentleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer 
county. Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co-partner- 
ship with his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, in New- 
ark, and after that had been dissolved he was associated 
with Oscar Keen, of the same city. This continued until 



BIOGRAPHIES. 323 

the late Edward T. Green was made Judge of the United 
States District Court, when Mr Gummere succeeded him 
as counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with 
offices in Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Werta as a Justice of the Supreme 
Court, to succeed the lat« Justice Abbett for a term of 
seven years, and he was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate on the day following. On January 28, 1901, he was 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to take effect on November 16, 1901. and he 
was confirmed on February 4th following. The nomination 
was made to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Chief Justice David A. Depue, who, after serving a period 
of thirty-five years on the bench, vacated the office on 
November 16th, 1901. Chief Justice Gummere took the oath 
of office on November 19, 1901. He was reappointed 
by Governor T'ort on January 22d, 1908, and w^as at 
once confirmed by the Senate. In 1915 he was nomi- 
nated for another term by Governor Fielder and was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. In politics 
he is a Republican. His term will expire in 1922. Hi.s 
circuit comprises Essex county. 

FRANCIS J. SWAYZE, Newark. 

Justice Swayze was born in Newton, Sussex county. May 
15th, 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College In 1879, and afterward studied 
law in the office of Martin Rosenkrans, in Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard Law School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey in June, 1882, and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 1886 to 1889. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 1889 to 1892, and was 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention In 1892. 
In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze, later Colle, 
Swayze & TItsworth. On February 13th, 1900, he was nom- 
inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a term of seven years. On January 13, 
1903, he was nominated by Governor Murphy as a Justice 
of the Supreme Court to succeed Justice Collins, who had 
resigned, and the nomination was confirmed by the Senate 
on January 20, for a full term of seven years. He 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was renominated in 1910 and again in 1917. His term 
will expire January 23d, 1924. His circuit comprises 

the county of Hudson. 

THOMAS WHITAKER TRENCHARD, Trenton. 

Justice Trenchard was born In Centreton, Salem county, 
N. J., December 13th, 1863. His father was William B. 
Trenchard, for many years Clerk of the County of Cum- 
berland. The Judge was educated In the public schools of 
Bridgeton and In the South Jersey Institute, from which 
he was graduated In the class of 1882. He read law In the 
office of Porter and Nixon, and was admitted to the bar 
as an attorney at the November term of court In 1886, and 
as a counselor in February, 1893. He practiced law In 
Bridgeton, and In 1899 he was appointed Law Judge of 
Cumberland county by Governor Voorhees. In 1904 he was 
reappointed by Governor Murphy. He served as City So- 
licitor of Bridgeton from 1892 to 1899, and was a member of 
the House of Assembly In 1889. During many years he 
was Solicitor for the Board of Health of Bridgeton. He 
was one of the organizers of the Cumberland County Bar 
Association and has served as Its president. In 1896 he 
was chosen a Presidential Elector, when he cast his ballot 
for McKinley and Hobart. The Judge is a member of the 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution. On June 8th, 
1906, Governor Stokes appointed him a Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death 
of Justice Dixon. He was nominated and confirmed 
for a full term in 1907. In 1914 he was re-appointed 
for another term by Governor Fielder and was 
promptly confirmed by the Senate. His circuit com- 
prises the counties of Mercer, Hunterdon and War- 
ren. Justice Trenchard was reappointed in 1921. 

CHARLES W. PARKER. Jersey City. 

Justice Parker was born at Newark. N. J.. October 
22, 1862, and Is a son of the late Cortlandt and Eliza- 
beth W. (Stites) Parker. He received his preliminary 
education at PIngvy School, Elizabeth, N. J., and 
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H. He was grad- 
uated from Princeton College with honors in 1882; 
read law under the direction of his father and at Col- 
umbia Law School from 18S2 to 1885; received these 
deg-rees: A.M., Princeton, 1885; LL.B., Columbia, 
1885; LL.D., Princeton, 1919; was admitted to 



BIOGRAPHIES. 325 

the New Jersey bar as an attorney in June, 1885, 
and as a counselor at the February term, 1890. 
He practiced his profession in Newark till 1890, and 
thereafter in Bayonne City, and since 1891 in Jersey 
City. In 1898 he was appointed a District Court Judsre 
for Jersey City, and in 1903 he was reappointed. He 
resigned that office in 1903 and accepted an appoint- 
ment by Governor Murphy as a Judge of the Circuit 
Court. The appointment was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate and he took his seat on March 2, 1903. 
This office he held until October, 1907, when he re- 
signed to become a Justice of the Supreme Court, to 
which office he was nominated by Governor Stokes 
and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on Sep- 
tember 25 for a full term of seven years. He succeeds 
John Franklin Fort, who had resigned upon his nomi- 
nation as the Republican candidate for Governor. Ho 
served as Assistant Adjutant General of the State from 
1902 to 1907, after twelve years enlisted and com- 
missioned service in the Essex Troop and Fourth 
Regiment, and was aide de camp on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy, during the latter's term of 
office. In politics the Justice Is a Republican. His 
term will expire in 1921. He was reappointed by 
Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly confirmed 
by the Senate. His circuit comprises the counties 
of Morris, Bergen and Somerset. 

JAMES J. BERGEN. SomervlUe. 

Justice Bergen Is a lineal descendant of Han Hanson 
Bergen, who came from Holland to New York city and 
was the progenitor of nearly all those bearing the 
name In America. He married Sarah Rappelyea, who, 
it is said, was the first white child born In the New 
Netherlands. Mr. Bergen's New Jersey ancestor was 
a granc'son of the original emigrant, and owned con- 
siderable tracts of land in the counties of Somerset 
and Hunterdon. The family is among the oldest of 
the Holland-Dutch settlers In this country, and its 
members have always been conspicuous in business, 
professional and public affairs. 

The Justice is a son of John J. and Mary A. (Park) 
Bergen, and was born October 1, 1847, in Somerville, 
N. J., where he has always resided. He attended the 
old brick academy In his native town, and was grad- 



326 BIOGRAPHIES. 

uated from Calvin Butler Seminary of the same place 
In 1863. At the age of seventeen he entered upon the 
study of law with the late Hugh M. Gaston, of Somer- 
ville, with whom he remained until he was admitted 
as an attorney at the November term in 1868. During 
the following year he practised his profession in 
Plainfield, N. J. On January 1, 1870, he returned to 
Romerville and formed a law partnership with his 
preceptor, Mr. Gaston, which was continued under the 
firm name of Gaston & Bergen for twenty years, when 
Mr. Gaston withdrew. He was made a counselor in 
November, 1871. 

He was elected to the Legislature in 1875, 1876, 18D0 
and 1891, serving as Speaker of the Assembly during 
the sessions of 1891 and 1892, and Jn 1896 was a dele- 
gate to the Democratic National Convention. In 1877 
he was appointed by Governor BeJle as Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, which office he held 
for six years. He was president of the Board of Com- 
missioners of Somerville and of tho savings bank 
for a long time, and has been a director of the First 
National Bank of that place. He was especially active 
in organizing police and fire departments, and is cred- 
ited with creating the public sentiment which made 
possible the introduction of a sewage system and other 
public improvements in Somerville. 

In March. 1904. he was appointed a Vice-Chancellor 
by Chancellor Magie for a full term of seven years, 
and on October 11, 1907, Governor Stokes sent his 
nomination as a Justice of the Supreme Court to the 
Senate, which was confirmed without reference. He 
took thp oath of office on October 7 6. 1907. His term 
will expire October 11th, 1921. He was re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1914 and was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. His circuit comprises the 
counties of Union and Middlesex. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

JAMES F. MINTURN, Hoboken. 

Justice Minturn was born at Hoboken. N. J., July 
16th, 1860. He was educated in the Hoboken public 
schools and the Martha Institute. Afterward he en- 
tered college, but was forced to retire owing to ill 
health, and he completed his studies under the tute- 
lage of Prof. Louis Barton, a graduate of Rutgers 



BIOGRAPHIES. 327 

Colleg-e. He was graduated from the Columbia CoHeg-e 
Law School, New York, with the degree of LLi.B. He 
then entered the office of Ogden & Niven in Hoboken 
and there completed his study of New Jersej'^ law. 
He was admitted to the bar of New York as an at- 
torney and counselor. In 1884 he was appointed Cor- 
poration Attorney of Hoboken and was retained in 
that office until he became a Circuit Judge, twenty-one 
years altogether, despite political changes in adminis- 
tration. 

He represented Hoboken In many notable law suits, 
carrying them through the highest coiirts of the State 
and the United States Courts. In 1889 he represented 
that city In the dispute over the ownership of the 
river front, in which the Hoboken Land and Improve- 
ment Company and the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany were parties in litigation. The case went through 
the State Courts and was taken to the United States 
Supreme Court. 

The Justice was counsel for the late Henry George 
In the celebrated case of the John Hutchins will, of 
Camden, In whlr>b considerable money was bequeathed 
for the circulation of George's works. After going 
through the Court of Chancery, It was taken on ap- 
peal to the Court of Errors and Appeals, where the 
claim of Mr. George was sustained. Mr. Mlnturn at one 
time declined the appointment of District Court Judge 
of Hoboken. He was one of the organizers of the 
Hudson County and State Bar associations. In 1903 
he wrote an article, which appeared In the New Jersey 
Law Journal, discussing the proposed constitutional 
amendments, taking- the ground, while not opposing 
them, that they were Insufficient for the relief of the 
courts. He also contributed to Belford's Magazine an 
article, entitled "The Iniquities of the TarlfC." A Latin 
scholar and linguist, he is also an orator and a lecturer 
of high rank. 

In 1884 Mr. Minturn was appointed Judge-Advocate 
of the old Second Regiment, National Guard, and 
served seven years and until the regiment was amal- 
gamated with the Fourth. He is an honorary member 
of the DeLong Guards of Hoboken. He has always 
taken an active interest in mllltarv affairs and has 
won several medals at the Sea Girt ranges and quali- 
fied as an expert marksman. 
11 



328 BIOGRAPHIES. 

The Justice -v^-as one of the organizers of the Free 
Public Library of Hoboken and of the State Charities 
Aid Association. Ke also helped org-anize the Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and was its 
counsel for several years. He has been president of 
the First National Bank of Guttenburg and vice-presi- 
dent of the Ocean County Trust Company, 

He was elected Senator in Hudson county in 1904 and 
served In that office until he took his seat as Circuit 
Judge. He was nominated for the Judgeship by Gov- 
ernor Stokes on June 21, 1907, was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate and was sworn Into office on 
July 31. On January 22, 1908. he was nominated by 
Governor Fort as Justice of the Supreme Court, and 
was unanimously confirmed by the Senate. The degree 
of LL.D. was conferred on the Justice at Seton Hall 
College in June, 1908. 

He was nominated for another term in 1915 by 
Governor Fielder and was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. 

In politics he is a Democrat, and his term will ex- 
pire in 1922. His circuit comprises the counties of 
Passaic and Essex. 

SAMUEL KALISCH, Newark. 

Justice Kalisch was born in Cleveland. Ohio, April 
18, 1851. He is a son of Isidor Kalisch, D.D., a noted 
Jewish divine, who was a pioneer in the establish- 
ment of Reformed Judaism in this country and died 
in Newark in 1886. Mr. Kalisch was educated in the 
public schools of Lawrence, Mass., and Detroit, Mich., 
and was also under the private tutelage of his father. 
He was graduated from the Columbia College Law 
School, New York, with the degree of LL. B. in 1870, 
and was in the office of the late William B. Guild, Jr., 
until he was admitted to the bar. He was city attor- 
ney of the city of Newark in 1875. He devoted him- 
self to a general practice of the law and built up an 
extensive and lucrative practice. He was one of the 
most prominent trial lawyers in the state and was 
counsel in many notable cases, both civil and crim- 
inal. In politics he is a Democrat. He was appointed 
by Governor "Wilson June 16th, 1911, and by Governor 
Edge in 1918. His term will expire June 16th, 1925. 
His circuit comprises the counties of Monmouth, Bur- 
lington and Ocean. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 329 

CHARLES C. BLACK. Jersey City. 

Justice Black Tvas born on a farm in Burlington 
county, near Mount Holly, N. J., on July 29th, 1858. He 
was prepared for college at the Mount Holly Acad- 
emy, and entered Princeton College in 1874, being 
graduated with the class of '78. He studied law at 
Mount Holly, N. J., and at the University of Michigan, 
at Ann Arbor. He was admitted to the bar of New 
Jersey as an attorney In June, 1881, and as a coun- 
selor in June, 1884. After being admitted to the bar 
he located at Jersey Citj', and has practiced law there 
until his appointment to the bench under the firm 
name of Black & Dayton. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration under the Ballot Reform 
Law. He was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st, 1891, for a term of five years, 
was re-appointed for another term in 1896, and again In 
1901. He was again appointed In 1904 for a term of five 
years. Mr. Black has made valuable additions to the 
literature of the law In hla "Proof and Pleadings in Acci- 
dent Cases," "New Jersey Law of Taxation" and "Law 
and Practice in Accident Cases." Mr. Black was the 
Democratic candidate for Governor In 1904. He was ap- 
pointed a member of "The Equal Tax Commission" by 
Governor Murphy. Governor Stokes nominated him on 
March 30, 1905, as a member of the new Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes, and he was at once confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. He served on that board until he was appointed a 
Circuit Judge by Governor Fort, on January 22d. 1908, 
to succeed Judge Minturn, who was appointed to the 
bench of the Supreme Court. The justice was ap- 
pointed on June 13th, 1914, by Governor Fielder to 
a vacancy in the Supreme Court caused by the death 
of Justice Voorhees, which occurred on June 1st. 
He was nominated for a full term in 1915 and was 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. His circuit 
comprises the counties of Atlantic, Cape May, Cum- 
berland and Salem. His term -\Yill expire in 1922. 

FRANK S. KATZENBACH, JR., Trenton. 

Justice Katzenbach was born at Trenton, New Jer- 
sey, November 5th, 1868, and is a son of Frank S. Kat- 
zenbach and Augusta (Mushbach) Katzenbach. He 
received his preliminary education at the State Model 



330 BIOGRAPHIES. 

School, in Trenton, from which he graduated in the 
year 1S85. He then entered Princeton College, and 
graduated from that institution in June, 1889. He 
read law with James Buchanan and Carroll Robbins, 
of Trenton, and attended the Columbia Law School 
during the years 1890 and 1891. He was admitted to 
'the New Jersey bar as an attorney-at-law at the No- 
vember Term, 1892, and as a counselor-at-Iaw at the 
November Term, 1895. He practiced his profession in 
the City of Trenton from November, 1892, to June 1st, 
1920. He succeeded Justice Garrison. 

In April, 1898, Justice Katzenbach was elected alder- 
man-at-large of the Trenton City Council and presided 
for two years over the City Council. On November 
5th, 1901, he was elected Mayor of the City of Trenton 
far a term of two years 'and was re-elected on No- 
vem'ber 3d, 1903, for a like term. In September, 1907, 
he was nomina'ted by the Democratic party as its can- 
didate for Governor. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Gloucester and 
Camden. His term will expire April 15th, 1927. 



Circuit Court Judges. 

FRANK T. LLOYD, Camden. 

Judge Lloyd was born at Middletown, Delaware, October 
29th, 1859. He was graduated from the Middletown Acad- 
emy, and after removing to Camden, In 1875, learned the 
trade of a compositor. During his apprenticeship he 
studied law with the Hon. James Otterson. of Philadel- 
phia, and was admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania in 1882. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney 
in February, 1897, and as a counselor In February, 1900. 
In 1899, upon the death of the Incumbent, he was desig- 
nated by the Court to prosecute the pleas In Camden 
county, and was thereafter successively appointed to the 
position of Prosecutor by Governor Voorhees In 1900 and 
Governor Stokes in 1905. This position he held at the time 
of his appointment In 1905 by Governor Stokes to the bench 
of the Circuit Court. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly In 1896 and 1897, the later year being chairman of 
the Judiciary Committee of that body, and Is the author 
of the present marriage law of the State. He was a mem- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 331 

ber of the Franchise Commission whose recommendations 
were in 1906 enacted into law by the Legislature. 
Judge Lloyd's circuit comprises the counties of Cam- 
den, Ocean, Mercer and Middlesex. In 1914 he was 
reappointed by Governor Fielder and was promptly 
confirmed by the Senate. He was reappointed in 1921 
by Governor Edwards. In politics lie is a Republican. 

WILLIAM H. SPEER, Jersey City. 

Judge Speer was born in Jersey City, N. J., October 
21st, 1868. He was educated in Hasbrouck Institute In 
Jersey City and at Columbia University In New York 
city. He studied law at Columbia University Law 
School and in the office of John Linn In Jersey City. 
At the November term, 1891, he was admitted to the 
bar of New Jersey, and was made a counselor-at-law 
in June, 1895. 

After being admitted to the bar. Judge Speer became 
a member of the firm of Linn & Speer, his partner 
being Clarence Linn, a son of John Linn. This partner- 
ship continued for a number of years. Mr. Speer was 
twice vice-pre.sldent of the Hudson County Bar Asso- 
ciation, and became Its president In 1903. On February 
8th, 1903, Mr. Speer, having been appointed by Gov- 
ernor Franklin Murphy and confirmed by the Senate 
to the office of Prosecutor of the Pleas for Hudson 
county, qualified as such and held the office until De- 
cember 30th. 1907. when he was appointed by Governor 
Edward C. Stokes as a Circuit Court Judge to succeed 
Charles W. Parker. On January 22d, 1908, he was 
appointed for a full term by Governor Fort, and in 
1915 he was re-appointed by Governor Fielder. 

Judge Speer has been active In politics, and Is a mem- 
ber of the Republican party. At the time of his ap- 
pointment as Judge he was a member of the firm of 
Speer & Kellogg, his partner being Frederick S. Kel- 
logg. His circuit comprises the county of Hudson. 
His term will expire in 1922. 

NELSON Y. DUNGAN, Somervllle. 

Judge Dungan was born May 3, 1867, at Lambert- 
vllle, Hunterdon county, N. J. He moved to Somerset 
county with his parents in 1873 and has lived there 
ever since, residing at the present time at Somervllle. 



332 BIOGRAPHIES. 

From 1883 to 1889 he was a teacher in the public 
schools of the county, teaching the last four years in 
Somerville. 

He was admitted to the bar as an attorney-at-law 
at the November term, 1890, and as a counselor, No- 
vember term, 1893. and as an attorney and counselor 
of the United States Supreme Court, November, 1896. 
He is also an attorney and counselor of the State of 
New York and of the District of Columbia. He Is a 
special master in Chancery and a Supreme Court 
Commissioner. From 1895 to 1900 he was Prosecutor 
of the Pleas of Somerset county, and served as a 
member of the Board of Managers of the New Jersey 
State Village for Epileptics from 1903 to 1907. He 
was associated with John F. Reger under the firm 
name of Dungan & Reger, from April 1st, 1898, to 
March 24. 1911. 

As a member of the National Guard of New Jersey 
he gained considerable prominence. He enlisted in 
the Guard as a private in Company H, Third Regiment, 
July 26, 1888, and served through the various grades 
until March 25, 1907, when he was elected Colonel of 
the Second Regiment, Infantry, which office he held 
at the time of his appointment to the Circuit Court, 
and was subsequently, February 21st, 1912, appointed 
Brigadier-General by brevet. He was retired from 
the office of Colonel of the Second Regiment the day 
after he received his commission as Judge, which was 
March 24th, 1911. He was re-appointed by Governor 
Edge in 1918. His circuit comprises the county of 
Essex. His term will expire on March 24th, 1925. In 
politics he is a Democrat. 

LUTHER A. CAMPBELL, Hackensack. 

Judge Campbell was born in Bergen county, N. J., 
November 28th, 1872. He read law with his father, 
the late Abraham D. Campbell, and was admitted to 
the bar in February, 1894. He formed a partnership 
under the name of A. D. & L. A. Campbell, which 
lasted until his father's death in October, 1896. Be- 
sides representing a large number of other munici- 
palities in Bergen county, he served as counsel to 
Hackensack for twelve years successively and as 
counsel to the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Ber- 
gen county for six years successively. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 333 

Acting Governor Taylor appointed Mr, Campbell 
a Circuit Judge on January 6th, 1914. This was an 
ad interim appointment, and on January 20th, Gover- 
nor Fielder sent his name to the Senate for a full 
term of office, and he was promptly confirmed. He 
was reappointed by Governor Edwards in 1921. His 
circuit comprises the county of Hudson. 

GEORGE S. SILZER, Metuchen. 

Judge Silzer was born at New Brunswick, April 
14th, 1870. He was educated in the public schools, 
and was graduated from the High School in 1888, 
being the valedictorian of his class; was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney in November, 1892, and 
as counselor in November, 1899. He practiced his 
profession in New Brunswick until his appointment 
as Circuit Court Judge in 1914. 

He has served in the New Brunswick Board of 
Aldermen, and as chairman of the Democratic County 
Committee. In 1906 he received a unanimous nomi- 
nation for State Senator in Middlesex county and 
conducted a successful campaign on the principle of 
anti-bribery. In 1909 he was renominated and re- 
elected by an increased plurality of 1,879 over Judge 
Hicks, Republican. During his six years service 
as senator he took a very prominent part in legis- 
lation and was one of the leaders of his party. 
In 1912 he was appointed prosecutor of the pleas of 
Middlesex county by Governor "Wilson and served in 
that ofl!lce until August 25th, 1914, when he was made 
a circuit judge by Governor Fielder. He was appointed 
for a full term of office in 1915. His term will expire 
January 25th, 1922. His circuit comprises the counties 
of Passaic, Union, Somerset, Sussex and Warren. 

WILLARD W. CUTLER, Morristown. 

Judge Cutler was born in Morristown, Morris county, 
New Jersey, on November 3d, 1856. 

He studied law with his father, Hon. Augustus W. 
Cutler, and upon being admitted to the bar at once 
began the practice of his profession. 

In December, 1882, he was appointed by Governor 
George C. Ludlow, Prosecutor of the Pleas for Morris 
county, to fill a vacancy, and continued to hold that 
position by re-appointments until 1893 when he re- 



334 BIOGRAPHIES. 

signed to accept the position of President Judge of 
the Inferior Court of Common Pleas of that county. 

Upon the completion of his term as President Judge 
in 1898, he resumed the practice of law, having his 
office in his home town, and continued in active prac- 
tice until he accepted the position of Circuit Court 
Judge in 1916. 

His term will expire March 15th, 1923. His circuit 
comprises the counties of Bergen, Hudson, Essex, Hun- 
terdon, Monmouth and Morris. 

WORRALL F. MOUNTAIN, East Orange. 

Judge Mountain was born March 10th, 1877, at 
Brooklyn, New York. Shortly thereafter his family 
moved to New Jersey. He was graduated from the 
East Orange High School in 1894 and from Newark 
Academy in 1896. In 1900 he received the degree of 
B.S. from Princeton University. For a time he was 
employed by a steamship company of New York, and 
for two years thereafter he taught in the East 
Orange High. School, while attending the evening 
classes in the New York Law School. 

In 1903 he received the degree of LL.B. from the 
latter institution. In 1904 he received the degree of 
M.S. from Princeton University. He was admitted to 
practice in New Jersey as an attorney in November, 
1904, and as a counselor in November, 1907. For ten 
jears he was a member of the law firm of Raymond, 
Mountain, Van Blarcom & Marsh, with offices in the 
city of Newark. In May, 1909, he was nominated, ad 
interim, Judge of the District Court of the City of 
East Orange by Governor Fort. In January, 1910. his 
nomination for this position for the full term was 
sent to the Senate and was confirmed by it. In No- 
vember, 1914, he was elected Mayor of the city of 
East Orange and on January 1st, 1915, resigned as 
Judge to assume his mayoralty duties. In Novem- 
ber, 1916, he was re-elected Mayor of East Orange 
for a second term. In January, 1919, he was nomi- 
nated by Governor Edge as Judge of the Circuit 
Court and this nomination was confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. In politics the Judge is a Republican. His term 
will expire in January, 1926. His circuit comprises 
the County of Essex. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 335 

RALPH W. E. DOXGES, Camden. 

Althoug-h born at Donaldson, Pa., May 5th, 1875, 
Ralph W. E. Donges has been a resident of Camden 
and identified with its activities most of his life. He 
is the son of Dr. John W. Donges, a member of the 
city board cf assessors and for over a generation one 
of the best known physicians in Camden. 

Educated at a private school and graduating from 
Rugby Academy in 1892, he read law with former 
Judge John W. Wescott, being admitted to the bar ai 
the February term, 1897, and receiving his counsel- 
lor's degree three years later. He has practiced law 
since, having offices at Third and Market Streets, Cam- 
den, with his brother, Raymond R. Donges. 

Always identified with the Democratic party, he was 
appointed a member of the Public Utility Commission 
on February 19th, 1913, by Governor Wilson. He was 
elected president of that body and won an enviable 
reputation for his fairness and his grasp of the many 
knotty problems that confronted that body. 

His term would have expired in 1919, but at the 
outbreak of the war with Germany he at once took a 
very active part, having for years been prominently 
identified with the National Guard, rising from second 
lieutenant of Company C, to captain and quarter- 
master of the regiment, a position he held from 1905 
to 1913. Pie resigned on May 16th, 1918, to enter the 
army. 

From May 29th, 1917, to May 1st, 1918, he wa.s chair- 
man of the Camden City Draft Board No. 2, as well as 
chairman of the National Guard Committee and a 
member of the Executive Committee of the Camden 
Public Safety Committee. He was also a member of a 
special war committee of five of the National Asso- 
ciation of the Public Utility Commissioners of the 
United States, dealing with utility problems growing 
out of 'the war. 

In February, 1918, he became a member of the plan- 
ning staff of Major-General George W. Goethals, Quar- 
termaster-General and Assistant Chief of Staff. From 
March to May he was Assistant Chief of Administra- 
tion in the office of General Goethals, who was Direc- 
tor of the Purchase, Storage and Traffic Division of 
the General Staff. 



336 BIOGRAPHIES. 

When he entered the army he accepted a commis- 
sion as Lieutenant-Colonel. As a member of War De- 
partment Board of Appraisers it was his duty to con- 
duct proceedings and make awards for compensation 
for property of every character which was comman- 
deered, or produced under compulsory process for the 
War Department. The total aAvarded by this board 
aggregated millions of dollars' worth of war 
materials. 

He personally conducted trials and wrote opinions 
in more than five hundred and fifty cases before tha 
Board of Appraisers. 

Judge Donges was named to the New Jersey Circuit 
Court bench by Governor Edwards in 1920. Judge 
Donges' circuit comprises the counties or Atlantic, 
Burlington, Cape May, Cum'berland, Gloucester and 
Salem. 



Judg:e.s of the Court of Errors and Appeals. 

(Specially appointed.) 

(Term of ofRce, six years. Compensation, $20 a day 
for actual service. No mileage.) 

JOHN JOSIAH WHITE, Atlantic City. 
Judge White was born on his father's farm near 
Mount Holly, Burlington county, N. J., August 16, 
1863. He is the eldest son of Josiah White and Mary 
Klrby (Allen) White, the ancestors of both of whom 
have been earnest members of and often prominent 
ministers in the Society of Friends in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania since the first of them came to America, 
attracted by William Penn's "Invitation to Friends" 
emigrated thither in search of religious liberty dur- 
ing the latter part of the seventeenth century. Among 
these direct ancestors of Judge White who thus emi- 
grated to America were Christopher White, who 
came in 1677 and settled at Alloways creek, Salem 
county, N. J.; William Haines, who settled at Bur 
lington in 1682; also Samuel Smith, in 1694, who was 
a member of Assembly until his death in 1718; Jo- 
seph Kirkbride. who came to Philadelphia in 1682, 
and Mahlon Stacy, who settled in what is now South 
Trenton, in 1678, all from England, and besides these 
other distinguished ancestors from the same country. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 337 

Another ancestor was Isaac Shoemaker, from Cres- 
helm (now Kriegshein) on the Rhine, who was one 
of a party of eighty German Quakers who founded 
Germantown. 

Judge White attended Swarthmore College two 
years, leaving at the end of his sophomore year to 
enter as a student of law in the office of Nathan H. 
Sharpless, one of the leaders of the Philadelphia bar. 
He also attended the law school of the University of 
Pennsylvania, receiving his B. L. degree in 1884. He 
was admitted the same year to the bars of Philadel- 
phia and Delaware counties, and three years later to 
the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. He 
continued In active practice in Philadelphia until 
1901, when he removed to Atlantic City and with his 
father and two brothers built the Marlborough-Blen- 
heim hotel, of which they have since continued to be 
the sole owners and managers. 

On June 14. 1911. he was appointed by Governor 
Wilson a Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals 
to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Judge George 
R. Gray^ In politics the Judge is a Republican. On 
January 29th, 1912, the Judge w^as nominated for a 
full term of office and was duly confirmed by the 
Senate. He was reappointed by Governor Edge and 
his term will expire February 6th, 1924. 

ERNEST J. HEPPENHEIMER, Jersey City. 

Judge Heppenheimer was born In Jersey City, N. J., 
February 24th, 1869, and is in the life insurance busi- 
ness. He attended Public School No. 8 in Jersey City 
until ten years of age, then spent three years at school 
in Germany. Upon returning to America he went to 
Peekskill Military Academy for three years, and fin- 
ished at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass. He was a 
member of the firm of F. Heppenheimer's Sons, litho- 
graphers, in New York, until its formation into the 
American Lithographic Company, when he retired to 
engage in cattle raising in Texas. He conducted an 
extensive cattle ranch until 1897, when he returned to 
his native city. Together with prominent business men 
of the State he founded the Colonial Life Insurance 
Company of America, with its head office in Jersey 
City; became Secretary in 1897, Second Vice-President 



338 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in 1902, and President in 1906. He was President of 
the Board of Aldermen, Jersey City, January, 1910, to 
June, 1913, when the commission form of government 
came into existence. He served as Commissioner of 
Finance, Jersey City, 1910 to 1913; was a Presidential 
elector in 1912; President New Jersey Harbor Com- 
mission, 1912 to 1913, and resigned the latter position 
in March, 1913, after appointment by Governor Wil- 
son as Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals. He 
was reappointed in 1919 and his term will expire 
February 26th, 1925. 

ROBERT WILLIAMS, Paterson. 

Judge Williams was born in Paterson, N, J., March 
16th, 1860, and is a lawyer by profession. He was 
graduated from Princeton College in 1881, and from 
Columbia College Law School in 1884. He studied 
law with liis father, the late Senator Henry A. Wil- 
liams, in Paterson. In 1884 he was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney, and in 1887 as a counselor. He 
was a member of the House of Assembly in 1890 and 
1891, and in the latter year received the minority 
nomination for Speaker. In 1S94 he was elected to 
the State Senate from Passaic county and served a 
full term of three years. He served on various im- 
portant committees and in 1896 he was chosen to fill 
a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate upon the 
resignation of Lewis A. Thompson, of Somerset. In 
1897 Mr. Williams was elected president for a full 
term. He has represented Passaic county as a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Committee, Upon the 
resignation of General Joseph W. Congdon, as a 
member of the Board of Railroad Commissioners, 
March 17th, 1909, Mr. Williams was appointed to the 
vacancy, resigning from the Board of Riparian Com- 
missioners, of which he had been a member since 
1904, being chairman at the time of his resignation. 
His term expired on May 1st, 1913. The death of 
Judge Conger of the Court of Errors and Appeals 
occurred on May 1st, 1914, and Governor Fielder 
appointed Mr. Williams to the vacancy. He was ap- 
pointed for a full term in 1915 and was reappointed 
in 1921. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 339 

FRANK M. TAYLOR, Hackensack. 

Judge Taylor was born in Fairview, Bergen county, 
July 23d, 1873. He moved to Hackensack, N. J., in 
1880, where he has since resided. He has been a 
member of the firm of Lasher & Taylor, general 
agents of Hartford Fire Insurance Company, for past 
twenty years, having charge of the company's affairs 
for the States of New York and New Jersey. He 
served as president and member of the governing 
body of Hackensack for a period of six years. 

In 1913, was appointed by Governor Fielder to serve 
as his personal military aide with rank of Colonel; 
was re-appointed to that position by Acting Governor 
Taylor and re-appointed in 1914 by Governor Fielder, 
which position he still holds. He was appointed by 
Governor Fielder, Judge of the Court of Errors and 
Appeals in 1915. His term expires April 10th, 1921. 
In politics he is a Democrat. 

WALTER P. GARDNER, Jersey City. 

Judge Gardner was appointed by Governor Fielder 
to succeed Judge Vredenburgh, whose term expired 
February 8th, 1916. He has been a resident of Jersey 
City since his birth there in 1869. 

After being graduated from the Jersey City High 
School in 1886, he was employed in the First National 
Bank of New York City. Meanwhile he commenced 
the study of law in association with Marshall Van 
Winkle, having registered in the office of John Linn, 
but discontinued same to take up a course in bank 
accounting and commercial law. After a service of 
nine years with the bank, he was made cashier of the 
banking house of Groesbeck & Sterling and on Mr. 
Sterling's death, became a partner in the new firm of 
Groesbeck & Co., members of the New York Stock 
Exchange. 

In 1911 Judge Gardner was elected a director in 
the New Jersey Title Guarantee and Trust Company 
of Jersey City, and two years later retired from the 
bond business to take up the active duties of a vice- 
president of that trust company, which position he 
continues to hold. 

Judge Gardner is a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the New Jersey State Bankers Association, 
and is president of the Hudson county group of banks. 



340 BIOGRAPHIES. 

In 1913 he was appointed by President Wilson a 
member of the New Jersey Commission for the 
Panama-Pacific International Exposition and served 
on its Executive Committee. In politics, Judge Gard- 
ner is a Republican. His term expires February 8th, 
1922. 

HENRY ELIJAH ACKERSON, JR., Keyport. 

Judge Ackerson was born in Holmdel township, 
near Hazlet, Monmouth county, New Jersey, October 
15th, 1880. In 1890 his parents moved to Keyport, N. J. 
where he entered the local public school and was 
graduated from the Keyport High School in 1898 
with high honors. He was then employed for a time 
as a clerk in the People's National Bank of Keyport, 
and then entered the Packard Commercial School, 
New York City, and after his graduation there, became 
secretary to the manager of a New York brokerage 
firm, and during this employment he continued his 
education with the Senftner Preparatory School in 
New York City, attending the night classes, with 
the view of preparing himself to take up the study 
of law. He passed the New York Regents' exami- 
nations in 1900 and was admitted to the New York 
Law School, from which he graduated in the year 
1902 at the head of a large class of students, with 
an exceptionally high average in his examinations, 
and as a result of this record he was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Pleading and Practice at the Law School, 
which position he occupied for two years, being at the 
same time connected with a law firm in Jersey 
City. He was admitted to the New Jersey Bar as 
an attorney-at-law, March 7th, 1904, and was made 
a counsellor-at-law and Master in Chancery No- 
vember 28th, 1909. 

On May 1st, 1906, Mr. Ackerson left the law firm 
in Jersey City to engage in the practice of law by 
himself in his home town of Keyport, where he has 
practiced continuously ever since. He served as at- 
torney of the Borough of Keyport from January 1st, 
1909, to January 1st, 1914, and has been counsel for 
the township of Holmdel continuously since January 
1st, 1909. On February 11th, 1914, he was appointed 
counsel to the Board of Chosen Freeholders of the 
county of Monmouth, which office he now holds. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 341 

He is a director of and attorney for the People's 
National Bank of Keyport, and is Vice-President of 
the Keyport Free Public Library Association. He 
is a member of the Royal Arcanum, being a Past 
Regent of that order and has also served as Super- 
vising- Deputy Grand Regent for that order in Mon- 
mouth county. 

In 1914 he was elected to the State Senate and re- 
elected in 1917. He resigned as Senator in 1919 to 
qualify for the judgeship. His term will expire April 
12th, 1925. 



U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 



Di.sirict Attorney. 

ELMER H. GERAN, Matawan. 

Mr. Geran was born in Matawan, K. J., October 24th, 
1875. He graduated from the Glenwood Military Insti- 
tute, Matawan, in 1892, from Peddle Institute, Hights- 
town, in 1895, from Princeton University in 1899 and 
from the New York Law School in 1901. He was a 
member of the New Jersey Assembly in 1911, 1912, 
1915 and 1916 and during the latter two years was 
the Democratic floor leader. In 1912 Governor Wilson 
appointed Mr. Geran a member of the New Jersey 
Water Supply Commission. This office Mr. Geran re- 
signed in 1915 to become Assistant Prosecutor of Mon- 
mouth county. In 1917 Mr. Geran was elected sheriff 
of Monmouth county and in 1920 President Wilson ap- 
pointed him United States District Attorney for New 
Jersey. 

Clerk U. S. District Court. 

GEORGE T. CRANMER, Trenton. 
Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1848. He was formerly engaged In the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the State National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1875 to 1899 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1878 he was the Republican candl- 



342 BIOGRAPHIES. 

date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator. In Sep- 
tember, 1879, without his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg Harbor, N. J., which office he resigned July 1st, 
1880. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 36. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 
elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 
743. In 1889 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 
ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 
plurality of 272. He always took an active part In the pro- 
ceedings of the Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 
by the Republican caucus for President of the Senate. He 
was an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago In 1888, and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892. In October, 1891, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 
office by the late Judge Green, in January, 1893, to succeed 
Llnsly Rowe, who had resigned. No fixed salary, but in- 
stead, fees. 



United States AlnrshaS. 

ALBERT BOLLSCHWEILER, Perth Amboy. 

Mr. Bollschweiler was born in Schopfheim, Baden, 
Germany, April 26th. 1860. He was educated in ward 
schools, and after graduation he entered upon his life's 
work in clay products as an apprentice in Wiesbaden, 
Germany. Later he went to Switzerland and spent two 
years, returned to Germany, and from there came to 
the United States in 1882 He began operating in the 
terra cotta business in Boston, and came from that city 
to Perth Amboy, went to Chicago, and on February 23d, 
1888, he settled permanently in Perth Amboy. He en- 
gaged in the terra cotta business for himself in 1890, 
and became one of the founders of the Standard Terra 
Cotta Works, now a branch of the Atlantic Terra Cotta 



BIOGRAPHIES. 343 

Company. He served as its president and general man- 
ager. He specialized in the manufacture of ceramic 
products, and became president of the Perth Amboy 
Ceramic Company. Mr. Bollschweiler is a member of 
Raritan Lodge, No. 661, F. and A. M.; Perth Amboy 
Lodge, No. 784, B. P. O. E.; Middlesex Council, Royal 
Arcanum; Perth Amboy Camp, W. O. W., and of Local 
No. 273, American Federation of Musicians. He was 
elected for three consecutive terms to serve as Mayor 
of Perth Amboy, beginning in 1907, serving about five 
years, until he became Sheriff of Middlesex county in 
1911, which position he resigned to accept the appoint- 
ment of United States Marshal in December, 1913. He 
was re-appointed in 1917 and 1919. His term is four 
years, and salary $3,000 per annum. 



STATE OFFICERS. 

Secretary of State. 

THOMAS F. MARTIN. 

Mr. Martin was born in Hartford, Conn., January 
30th, 1868. He is a newspaper editor and publisher 
by profession and for the past fifteen years he has 
been the owner and editor of the Hudson Dispatch, 
published at Union Hill, Hudson county. This paper 
has grown from a local daily to one which now has 
an extensive circulation throughout the county of 
Hudson and a State-wide influence. 

Mr. Martin is a member of Palisade Council No. 
483, Knights of Columbus, the Cartaret Club of Jersey 
City, and a charter member of the North Hudson 
Board of Trade. His legislative career began in 1911. 
He served in the House of Assembly that year, in 
1912, and again in 1913. He was again elected to 
the House of 1915, when he was chosen as the leader 
of the Democratic members on the floor. 

Mr, Martin takes more gratification out of the re- 
sult of his efforts in connection with the attempt to 
enact Morris Canal legislation than any other bill 
in the passage or defeat of which he played any part. 
As the Democratic leader Mr. Martin vigorously op- 
posed legislation that he thought would prove detri- 



344 BIOGRAPHIES. 

mental to the best interests of the State, and time 
has justified the position taken by him. 

When Governor Fielder was called upon to name 
a new Secretary of State because of the death of 
David S. Crater, the then secretary, Mr. Martin was 
accorded a tribute such as has never before been ex- 
tended to any man in this State. Every member of 
the House of Assembly, of which he was a member, 
waited upon the Governor, and regardless of their 
politics, they asked for the naming of Mr. Martin to 
the place. Governor Fielder named Mr. Martin as 
Secretary of State, April 5th, 1915, for a term of five 
years. Mr. Martin was reappointed for another full 
term in 1920 by Governor Edwards. 



Assistant Secretary of State. 

WILLIAM L. DILL, Paterson. 

Mr. Dill was born in Freeburgh, Pa., March 15th, 
1874. His father was Major William H. Dill, com- 
mander of the famous 118th Regiment N. Y. Vol. 
Inf., and one of the foremost educators in the State 
of Pennsylvania at the time of his death. 

Mr. Dill came to New Jersey in 1888 and at once 
engaged in the fire and life insurance business; he 
was named by the late John Hinchliffe as private 
secretary to the mayor in 1902, and served in that 
capacity during the fire, floods and labor troubles 
which trinity of disasters made Paterson famous the 
world over. After his retirement from the mayor's 
office on December 81st, 1903, he was named secretary 
of the Passaic River Flood District Commission and 
upon the completion of this work was appointed 
secretary of the Taxpayers' Association of Paterson, 
a civic organization banded together to do the work 
which a Board of Trade would have done, had such 
a body existed in the silk city. He resigned this 
position to become clerk to the Board of Fire and 
Police Commissioners in 1908 and remained with such 
board until December 31st, 1913, when he resigned. 

Mr. Dill was for many years secretary to the Demo- 
cratic Senate Minority and when his party assumed 
control of the Senate, he was unanimously chosen 
by his party as Senate Secretary for the years 1913 



BIOGRAPHIES. 345 

and 1914. He was a member of the Passaic County 
Board of Taxation for four years, serving as president 
during- the last three years of his term. Mr. Dill 
resigned from the tax board to assume the duties of 
Assistant Secretary of State, to which ofRce he was 
appointed on April 5th, 1915. By virtue of his office he 
is Commissioner of the Motor Vehicle Department. 
He was reappointed in 1920. 

In politics Mr. Dill has always been an ardent 
Democrat and is regarded as one of the best organizers 
within the ranks of his party. His acquaintance is 
State wide. He was secretary of the Democratic 
State Committee for some years and resigned in 1919. 



State Treasurer. 

WILLIAM THACKARA READ, Camden. 

Senator Read was born in Camden, N. J., Novem- 
ber 22d, 1878, and is a counsellor-at-law of New Jer- 
sey. He was educated in the public schools of Cam- 
den and William Penn Charter School of Philadel- 
phia and was graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1900 with degree of Bachelor of Science. 
He was registered as a law student in the office of J. 
Willard Morgan, former State Comptroller, and at- 
tended the Law School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney at the November term, 1903, and as a 
counsellor three years later. Since his admission he 
has practiced law at Camden. He is vice-president 
of the First National Bank of Camden, and solicitor 
of the Mutual Building and Loan Association of Cam- 
den; a director of the West Jersey Trust Company of 
Camden, member of the New Jersey Society of Penn- 
sylvania, of the New Jersey State Bar Association, 
and of the American Bar Association, and has been 
district examiner of the Board of Education of the 
city of Camden over eight years; has been solicitor 
of the borough of Riverton from January 1st, 1910 to 
1919. In March, 1909, he was appointed second lieu- 
tenant of the Third Regiment, N. G. N. J., and as- 
signed to the First Battalion as Quartermaster and 
Commissary. In 1909, '10, '11 he was an expert rifle- 



346 BIOGRAPHIES. 

man, a member of the Third Regiment rifle team 1910- 
11, and a member of New Jersey State Rifle Team, 1910. 
In the spring of 1913 he was appointed to serve on the 
staff of Adjutant-General Sadler with the rank of Ma- 
jor. In May, 1917, he was appointed an Assistant In- 
spector General of Rifle Practice on the staff of Gen- 
eral Spencer, with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in 1918 was promoted to the rank of Colonel. He 
is a member of Camden Lodge, No. 15, F. and A. M., 
Siloam Chapter, Van Hook Council, Excelsior Con- 
sistory 32d Degree, Tall Cedars of Lebanon and Cres- 
cent Temple. He is also a member of the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science, and the Union 
League of Philadelphia, Sons of the Revolution, N. J. 
State Rifle Association, Rotary Club, Camden Lodge 
of Elks. In 1911 he was elected to the Senate by a 
plurality of 1,255 over French, Democrat, and in 1914 
his plurality over Bleakly, Democrat, was increased 
to 9,530. 

He was also a member of the Jury Reform Commis- 
sion. He was minority leader on the floor of the Sen- 
ate in 1913 and 1914, and majority leader in 1915. He 
was President of the Senate in 1916 and discharged 
the duties of the office with much ability and im- 
partiality. He resigned the office of State Senator on 
March 29th, and became State Treasurer on April 1st. 
In 1919 he was elected for a second term. His term is 
three years and will expire April 1st, 1922. His salary 
is $6,000 per annum. 



State Comptroller. 

NEWTON ALBERT KENDALL BUGBEE, Trenton. 

Mr. Bugbee was born at Minneapolis, Minn., on April 
21st, 1876. He is the son of Alvin Newton and Lucy 
Kendall Bugbee. 

At about the age of twelve (12) years he moved, 
with his parents, to Templeton, Mass., where he fin- 
ished his education in the public schools of that town. 

At the age of eighteen (18) he started his business 
career at the Edge Moor Bridge Works, Wilmington, 
Del., and came to Trenton about twenty (20) years 
ago and entered the employ of the New Jersey Steel 



BIOGRAPHIES. 347 

and Iron Co., from ■which position he resigned to 
start in business for himself, on January 1st, 1904. 

He is secretary and treasurer of the Newton A. K. 
Bugbee Co., Inc., structural iron work contractors. 
The company occupies a prominent position in the 
business world and Mr. Bugbee, himself, is very ac- 
tive in public affairs and all that tends toward the 
prosperity of the nation. He is a director of the Me- 
chanics National Bank of Trenton; was elected chair- 
man of the Republican State Committee in Septem- 
ber, 1913, and re-elected three years later. He wielded 
much influence in the great Republican victories in 
New Jersey in 1916, 1917 and 1918. 

Mr. Bugbee was elected State Comptroller in a joint 
meeting of the Legislature, held oh January 30th, 1917, 
for a term of three years in succession to Edward I. 
Edwards. He was re-elected in 1920 for another three 
year term. 

He was the Republican candidate for Governor in 
1919, but was defeated by Edward I. Edwards, Demo- 
crat. 



State Purchasing Agent. 

EDWARD E. GROSSCUP, Wenonah. 

Mr. Grosscup was born in Bridgeton, Cumberland 
county, August 2, 1860, and is a son of the late Charles 
C. and Anna D. Grosscup. The father, Charles C. 
Grosscup, was a member of the Legislature In 1870 
and 1871. 

Mr. Grosscup, the subject of this sketch, has been 
prominent in Democratic politics in New Jersey for 
/ears. In 1896 he was the candidate of his party in 
Cumberland county for sheriff and In 1898 was the 
Democratic nominee in the same county for State Sen- 
ator against Governor Edward C. Stokes. 

In 1899 Mr. Grosscup changed his residence from 
Cumberland to Gloucester county and in the latter 
county in 1906 was the opponent of ex-Senator J. 
Boyd Avis for the Assembly. In 1908 Mr. Grosscup 
was the Democratic candidate for Congress in the 
first district against Congressman Henry C. Louden- 
slager. For years Mr. Grosscup served as a member 
of the State Board of Education. He is at present a 



348 BIOGRAPHIES. 

member of the Democratic State Committee, represent- 
ing Gloucester county, and while a resident of Cum- 
berland county served in a similar capacity as rep- 
resentative of that county. 

Mr. Grosscup is extensively engaged in real estate 
operations. Governor Wilson nominated him as a 
member of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes 
on April 20, 1911, for a term of five years and he was 
immediately confirmed by the Senate. 

He resigned that office to assume the duties of State 
Treasurer, for which he was chosen by a joint meet- 
ing of the Legislature held on January 28th, 1913. 
On August 24th, 1911, he was elected Chairman of the 
Democratic State Committee, was re-elected in 1913-16, 
and resigned in 1918. He rendered very effective ser- 
vice to his party during the Presidential campaign of 
1912, and in the Gubernatorial campaign of 1913, and 
also did hard work in the Presidential and Guberna- 
torial campaign of 1916. He was nominated as Pur- 
chasing Agent by Governor Fielder March 21st, 1916, 
and unanimously confirmed by the Senate on the 
twenty-ninth of that month. His term will expire 
April 1st, 1921, and salary $5,000 a year. 



Attorney General. 

THOMAS F. McCRAN. Paterson. 

The nomination of Mr. McCran to the office or Chief 
Law Officer of the State was sent to the Senate by 
Governor Edge on January 14, 1919, when it received 
a prompt and an unanimous confirmation. This is one 
of the most popular appointments made by the Gov- 
ernor and deserved tribute to tlie brilliant Paterson 
lawyer. 

Mr. McCran, who was born in Newark, December 
2d, 1875, is a son of Thomas McCran who was an As- 
semblyman from Passaic County in 1890. His rud- 
imentary education was received in the Paterson 
schools when he entered Seton Hall College and was 
graduated from that institution with the degree of 
B.S. in June, 1896. In September of that year he be- 
came a student in the law office of William B. Gourley, 
former Assemblyman; was admitted to the bar, as an 
attorney, November, 1899, and as counselor, February, 
1911. He practiced in Mr. Gourley's office until March, 
1907, and then went in business for himself. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 349 

Close study, untiring- industry, probity and persever- 
ance led him step by step up the ladder of success in 
his profession and now he is Attorney General of New 
Jersey. 

Mr. McCran's record: City Attorney of Paterson, 
1907-12; Assemblyman, 1910-11-12; minority leader, 
1911; Speaker, 1912; Senator, 1916-17-18; majority 
leader, 1917; chairman of the Republican State Con- 
vention, 1917; President of the Senate and Acting 
Governor, 1918; Attorney General, 1919. As an orator, 
ready debater and good parliamentarian, he is well 
and favorably known throughout the State and out- 
side as well. During liis incumbency of the chair in 
each House, his rulings were prompt and strictly im- 
partial. 

His Alma Mater, June 13, 1917, conferred upon him 
the degree of LL.D. He is president of the Franklin 
Trust Co. of Paterson. 

Mr. McCran's term of office is five years and salary, 
$7,000. 



Assistant Attorney General. 

WILLIAM NEWCORN, Plainfleld. 

Mr. Newcorn was born at Cracow, Austria, in 1868, 
and came to this country with his parents as a child 
of two years. He was educated in the public schools 
of New York City. He then moved to Plainfleld and 
opened a sporting- goods store and devoted his even- 
ings to the study of law. He was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney in June, 1897, and became coun- 
selor in February, 1903. He was a member of the 
House of Assembly in 1902-03; was appointed Judge 
of the District Court of the City of Plainfleld on May 
20th, 1906, and served in that capacity until March 
12th, 1912; served as a member of the Union County 
Republican Committee and the Plainfleld City Com- 
mittee for the past 28 years. He is a member of the 
Improved Order of Red Men, the Elks, Knights of 
Pythias and Woodmen of the World. On January 
28th, 1919, he was appointed Assistant Attorney Gen- 
eral. 



350 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Adjutant-General. 

FREDERICK GILKYSON, Trenton. 

General Gilkyson was born in Yardley, Pa., Decem- 
ber 1st, 1868. He is the son of Colonel Stephen R. 
Gilkyson who commanded the 6th Regiment, Infantry, 
New Jersey Volunteers, Civil War. He was educated 
in the Trenton public schools, and entered the em- 
ploy of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company in 1884, 
resigning- in 1905 as Assistant Freight Agent, Tren- 
ton, to accept the office of Vice President and General 
Manager of the Bellmark Pottery Company, Trenton. 

The General served as clerk to the Trenton Park 
Board Commissioners; Tax Receiver, city of Trenton, 
for two terms, 1904-1908, and was appointed Commis- 
sioner of Public Roads, January 22d, 1908, for a term 
of three j^ears. 

General Gilkyson entered the National Guard of the 
State as private, Company A, 7th Regiment, March 2d, 
1885; commissioned Battalion Adjutant, July 9th, 1894; 
subsequently served as Adjutant, 2d Regiment; Ad- 
jutant-General, 2d Brigade, and was appointed As- 
sistant Adjutant-General of the State, with the rank 
of Colonel, December 30th, 1907. During the Spanish- 
American War, Colonel Gilkyson served as Battalion 
Adjutant, 4th Regiment, New Jersey National Guard 
Volunteer Infantry; honorably discharged April 6th, 
1899. 

Upon the declaration of war, April 6th, 1917. Gen- 
eral Gilkyson was detailed to duty in the Adjutant- 
General's office, and assigned as Chief of the Bureau 
of Enrollment and in charge of the operation of the 
Selective Service law, and appointed Acting Adjutant- 
General, July 25th, 1917, vice Brigadier General Charles 
W. Barber, mustered into the Federal service. On 
February 27th, 1918, he was nominated as Adjutant- 
General and was promptly confirmed by the Senate. 



Q,uarterniaster-General. 

C. EDWARD MURRAY, Trenton. 
General Murray was bom in Lambertville, N. J., July 
17th. 1863. He is the only son of J. Howard Murray and 
Wilhelmina Solliday Murray, and came to Trenton with 



BIOGRAPHIES. 351 

his parents In 18t)5. He received his education at the State 
Model School and the Stewart Business College. In 1883 
he became associated with his father in the mechanical 
rubber manufacturing: business. In 1892 he became sole 
proprietor of the business, and to-day has other large 
manufacturing interests. From boyhood he has taken a 
great deal of interest in affairs Of the city of Trenton, as 
well as the Republican party, and in 1894 he was elected 
City Clerk, which office he kept until he declined re-elec- 
tion in 1904. In 1900 he represented the Second Congres- 
sional District as alternate to the National Republican 
Convention and In 1904 was elected a delegate to represent 
the Fourth Congressional District at the National Repub- 
lican Convention. 

His military career began with his enlistment In Com- 
pany A, Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., December 12, 1885. 
On June 30, 1890. the late Brigadier-General William H. 
Skirm, then Colonel of the Seventh Regiment, N. G. N. J., 
appointed him Paymaster of the Regiment with the rank 
of first lieutenant. On June 30. 1895, he was commissioned 
Captain and Paymaster. On May 2, 1899, he was retired 
under the act reorganizing the National Guard. March 8, 
1905, Governor Edward C. Stokes appointed him Quarter- 
master-General, to succeed the late Brevet Major-General 
Richard A. Donnelly, and was commissioned Brigadier- 
General April 5. 1905. 

General Murray Is one of the best known and most pop- 
ular among the public men of Trenton. He has distin- 
guished himself as a leader of his party and many of Its 
victories in Trenton and Mercer county are mostly to his 
credit. He has a host of friends among people of all 
shades of political opinion, and as an employer of labor he 
stands high In the estimation of wage workers. 



Clerk of the Supreme Court. 

ENOCH L, JOHNSON, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Johnson, who was appointed Clerk of the Su- 
preme Court of New Jersey by Governor Edge in 1918, 
was born in Atlantic county-, New Jersey, January 20th, 
1883, is the son of the late Smith E. Johnson, who was 
elected four times as Sheriff of Atlantic county. 

Mr. Johnson was educated in the public schools of 
Atlantic City and Mays Landing. He began his career 



352 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in politics at an early age, being employed in the 
sheriff's office of Atlantic county as clerk and under- 
sheriff for a period of ten years. He developed rapidly 
in politics and was elected Sheriff of Atlantic county 
in 1908. Shortly after the conclusion of his term he 
was chosen by the Board of Freeholders of Atlantic 
county for County Collector. He has been Secretary 
of the Atlantic County Republican Executive Commit- 
tee for fourteen years. In addition to his political 
career Mr, Johnson has been active in business circles 
in Atlantic City and county. He is one of the owners 
of the Atlantic County Record, a weekly paper printed 
and published at the county seat of Atlantic county. 
He is also Secretary of the Atlantic Real Estate and 
Investment Company, taking- an important part in 
the development of Atlantic City real estate. He is a 
member of the Masonic and Elks Lodges. His term 
will expire in 1923. His salary is $6,000 a year. 



Clerk in Chancery. 

JESSE R. SALMON, Newark. 

Mr. Salmon was born near Flanders, Morris county, 
N. J., March 16th, 1863, and has lived in Newark since 
1868. For nearly twenty years he was an official ste- 
nographer in the Court of Chancery, serving under 
Vice-Chancellors Emery, Pitney, Howell and Lane. 
He has always been actively interested in Republican 
politics, and was the first Supervisor of Bills of the 
Senate in 1899, 1900 and 1901, after the old engross- 
ing system was abandoned. 

Mr. Salmon was appointed by Governor Edge in 
1919 as Clerk in Chancery and his term of office ex- 
pires April 15th, 1924. His salary is $6,000. 



Keeper of the State Prison. 

JAMES H. MULHERON, Trenton. 
Mr. Mulheron was born in 1854, of Scotch-Irish par- 
ents, in Greenwich Village, New York City, and moved 
to Jersey City with parents in 1860. He attended 
public schools No. 1 and No. 2 in that city, and then 
learned the potters' art. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 353 

He moved to Trenton in 1878, and was connected 
with the Cook Pottery as secretary and manager until 
retiring- from that firm in 1910. He was elected to 
the Common Council of Trenton in 1886 and served 
three years in that body, and while a member helped 
reorganize the police department and inaugurated the 
patrol system; helped establish the fire department, 
park system and electric lighting for the city. He 
served in the Legislature in 1891 from the old Second 
District of Mercer county; as Tax Commissioner for 
five years, and as chairman of Republican County Com- 
mittee for seven years. He was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Edge Principal Keeper of the New Jersey State 
Prison, January 29th, 1917, was confirmed next day, 
and resigned the chairmanship of the Republican 
county Committee, February 1st, He is a member of 
the Republican Club of Trenton, Carteret Club, 
Knights of Pythias, Brotherhood of the Union, Elks, 
and Fraternal Lodge of Masons and a member of 
Crescent Temple. 

His term of office will expire January 30th, 1922, and 
salary $5,000 and maintenance. 



State liibrarian. 

FRANCIS E. CROASDALE, Atlantic City. 

Mr. Croasdale was born in Atlantic City, N. J., on 
October 6th, 1886. His parents, Charles Wilson Croas- 
dale, who served during the Civil War with the 
Pennsylvania Reserves and was mustered out as 
Brevet Captain, serving later as a commissioned of- 
ficer in the Third U. S. B. V., and Anna Conover Croas- 
dale, who formerly resided in Gloucester City, N. J., 
were among the pioneer settlers of Atlantic City. He 
was educated in the public schools of Atlantic City, 
and graduated from the Atlantic City High School in 
1904. A class-mate of his was Wu Chao Chu, son of 
Wu Ting Fang, the former Chinese diplomat in this 
country who created much comment at the time by 
insisting that his boy be educated in the free schools 
of New Jersey. Immediately after graduating, Mr. 
Croasdale took a reportorial position on the Atlantic 
City Daily Press, which at that time was published 



354 BIOGRAPHIES. 

by Governor Edg-e. He was studying law at the 
same time in the offices of Eugene G. Schwing-hammer, 
Esq., Atlantic City. A few years later Mr, Edge 
appointed him editor of the newspaper. He also 
served as its legislative correspondent in Trenton. 
Some time later, Mr. Croasdale, with two other em- 
ployes, organized a company and leased the Press 
and the Atlantic City Evening Union from Mr. Edge. 

In April, 1919, the Press Union Publishing Co. was 
formed and incorporated and the property was pur- 
chased from Governor Edge. Mr. Croasdale is a di- 
rector and vice-president. 

Mr. Croasdale served as secretary to Governor Edge 
from the time of his inauguration until May 16th, 
1919, when the Governor resigned to become United 
States Senator. In 1915 Mr. Croasdale served as pri- 
vate secretary to Speaker of the House of Assembly 
Carlton Godfrey. He toured the State with Colonel 
Walter E. Edge and Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen 
in the campaign of 1916, handling the newspaper pub- 
licity work. 

In 1916 he married Helen Florence Thorne, of At- 
lantic City. They live in Atlantic City. 

He was appointed State Librarian in 1919 for a term 
of five years. His salary is $3,000 a year. 



Commissioner of Bankinis; and Insurance. 

WILLIAM E. TUTTLE, JR., Westfield, 

Mr. Tuttle was born at Horseheads, New York, De- 
cember 10th, 1870, and was educated at the Elmira 
Free Academy and Cornell University. He has been 
engaged in the lumber business in Westfield since 
1897. 

He was elected to the House of Representatives from 
the Fifth Congressional District in 1910, re-elected in 
1912, and, although leading his ticket by large mar- 
gins, was the unsuccessful candidate of his party in 
1914 and 1916. While in Congress he was a member of 
the Joint Commission which revised the laws fixing 
the compensation to railroads for the transportation 
of the mails and was actively identified with many re- 
forms in the postal service. He was a delegate to the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 355 

Democratic National Conventions in 1908 and 1916. 
In 1915 Congressman Tuttle was appointed by Presi- 
dent Wilson the sole Commissioner of the United States 
to the National Exposition of Panama. He has served 
many years as Chairman of the Union County Demo- 
cratic Committee. He is Vice President of the Peoples 
Bank and Trust Company and a director of the Mutual 
Building- and Loan Association of Westfield and is ac- 
tively engaged in several business enterprises. 

Mr. Tuttle was appointed by Governor Edge a mem- 
ber of the Board of Conservation and Development 
February 27th, 1918, and confirmed by the Senate for a 
term of four years. 

Mr. Tuttle was appointed Commissioner of Banking 
and Insurance by Governor Edwards on January 17th, 
1921, and was confirmed the same day by the Senate. 



Commissioner Department of Labor. 

(The Bureau of Industrial Statistics is merged with 
this Department.) 

LEWIS T. BRYANT. Atlantic City. 

Colonel Bryant was born in July, 1874, in Atlnntic 
county, N. J. He was graduated from the Pennsylvania 
Military College at Chester, Pa., with the degree of civil 
engineer; was admitted to the New Jersey bar In 1898; 
mustered Into the United States Volunteer Army as Cap- 
tain of Company F, Fourth New Jersey Volunteer In- 
fantry July 14th: promoted to Major In the same regi- 
ment In the spring of 1899, and was made Assistant In- 
spector General of the National Guard of New Jersey, 
with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, In the spring of 1899, 
which position he stills holds. On January 8th, 1904, the 
Colonel was appointed Inspector of Factories and Work 
shops, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of John 
C. Ward. The title of the office was changed to that of 
Commissioner of Department of Labor by an act of the 
Legislature, and on March 24th, 1904, the Colonel was ap- 
pointed as such by Governor Murphy, and was confirmed 
by the Senate on the next day for a term of three years, 
at $2,500 a year. In 1907 he was given another term 
by Governor Stokes at a salary of $3,500, and he was 
reappointed by Governor Fort in 1910. On February 



356 BIOGRAPHIES. 

18th, 1913, Governor "Wilson appointed the Colonel for 
another term of office. The Colonel served as secretary 
of the New Jersey Commission, Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position, from December 9, 1903, until the end. He is 
identified with the hotel interests in Atlantic City. His 
term is three years, and his salary is $6,000 per annum. 
He served as secretary of the Jamestown Exposition 
Commission. He was re-appointed by Governor Edge. 
His term will expire September 2d, 1923. 



State Board of Taxes and Assessment. 

FRANK B. JESS, President, Haddon Heights. 

Mr. Jess was born in Philadelphia, Pa., November 3d, 
1870, and is a lawyer by profession. He began news- 
paper work as a reporter in 1887, subsequently went 
to Philadelphia as news editor of "The Call," since 
suspended, then became successively news editor 
Washington correspondent and financial editor of 
"The Bulletin." He was admitted to the New Jersey 
Bar in 1897, having studied law under the supervision 
of his brother, the late William H. Jess. He was a 
member of Council of the borough of Haddon Heights 
from its incorporation, in 1904, to January 1st, 19ft6, 
and of the Board of Education of Haddon township 
from 1902 till the organization of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Haddon Heights In 1904, and is still a member 
of the latter board. At present he is Solicitor of the 
borough of Haddon Heights. Mr. Jess served two 
terms, 1907-1908, as an Assemblyman from Camden 
county, and in the latter year he was speaker, when 
he won high commendation as a presiding oflScer. He 
was appointed Chief Examiner of the Civil Service 
Board on May 8, 1908, and served in that capacity 
until April 16, 1909, when he was nominated and con- 
firmed as a member of the State Board of Equaliza- 
tion of Taxes. He was appointed president of the 
board in 1910, to succeed Carl Lentz, for a term of five 
years. In 1915 he was re-appointed, and upon the 
creation of the new Board of Taxes and Assessment 
Mr. Jess was appointed a member and confirmed by 
the Senate for a term of two years at a salary of 
$3,000 per annum. He was re-appointed by Governor 



BIOGRAPHIES. 357 

Edge in 1917, and on February 28th, 1918, was ap 
pointed by the same Governor as President of the 
Board for a full term, beginning- July 1st, which will 
expire July 1st, 1921. 

HARRY W. MUTCHLER, Rockaway. 

Mr. Mutchler was born at Asbury, N. J., October 
8th, 1862, and is a traveling salesman. He has resided 
in Morris county practically all his life. When a young 
man he attended the Phillipsburg High School. His 
first employment was as clerk in a general store at 
New Foundland, N. J., where he remained seven years, 
and next he became acting manager for Lawrence & 
King, at Stanhope, N. J., and subsequently was em- 
ployed by the Richards Beach Company, at Hibernia, 
for seven years as bookkeeper, and for over twentj' 
years has been a traveling salesman for Edward D. 
Depew & Co., wholesale grocers, of New York City. 
This firm having retired, he is now associated with J. 
S. Sills & Sons. 

Mr. Mutchler is a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 20, 
F. & A. M.; Citizens Lodge, No. 144, I. O. O. F.; 
Jr. O. U. A. M. ; and he is also a member of the Rock- 
away Fire Department and Board of Trade, and a di- 
rector of the Rockaway First National Bank and trus- 
tee of Dover General Hospital. He was a member of 
the Borough Council of Rockaway and served as Mayor 
two terms, 1908 to 1912. 

He served three years as a member of the House of 
Assembly and in 1916 was elected to the State Senate 
by a plurality of 1,876 over James J. Lyons, Dem. He 
served two years of his term when he resigned the 
office to accept membership of the Board of Taxation 
and Assessment to which he was appointed by Gover- 
nor Edge, February 27th. 1918, for a full term of three 
years, and was promptly confirmed by the Senate. 

MAHLON REID MARGERUM, Trenton. 

Major Margerum was born in Trenton October 28th, 
1856. He was educated in Trenton public schools and 
graduated from the Rider-Moore and Steward Busi- 
ness College. He has been closely associated with 
Trenton's business and political activities; was a mem- 
ber of the National Guard of the State of New Jersey 



358 BIOGRAPHIES. 

for twenty-five years; enlisted as a private, rising to 
the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He served on the 
staffs of Major-General Peter F. Wanser, Brigadier- 
Generals Quincey O'Mara Gilmore and Dennis F. Col- 
lins, also on the staffs of Governors Edward Casper 
Stokes and Walter Evans Edge. He was commissioned 
a Major in the United States Army on December 4th, 
1917, and detailed to Governor Walter E. Edge as Aide 
in the operation of the Selective Service Regulations. 
The Major was appointed by Governor Edge a mem- 
ber of the Board of Taxes and Assessment in 1919 and 
was confirmed by the Senate. His term will expire 
July 1st, 1922. 

ISAAC BARBER, Phillipsburg. 

Dr. Barber was born at Forty Fort, Luzerne county, 
Pa., September 4th, 1854, and is a physician by pro- 
fession. His father, a native of Warren county, re- 
moved to his native state in 1858. The doctor received 
his early education in the public schools, entered Blair 
Presbyterian Academy to prepare for college in 1869, 
Lafayette in 1872, and graduated in 1876. He .studied 
medicine under the preceptorship of Professor Traill 
Green, of Easton, Pa., and graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in 1879. He served as Medical 
Referee of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company 
in New York City for one year, located in Phillipsburg 
in July, 1880, and has since continued in the active 
practice of his profession. He has served as city 
phj-sician and was a member of the Board of Health 
for two years. He was appointed Pension Examining 
Surgeon under the Cleveland administration July 1, 
1893. He was elected to the State Senate in 1896 by a 
plurality of 1,130 over Cramer, Republican, and served 
a full term of three years, and in 1902 he was elected 
for another term by a plurality of 749 over William R. 
Laire, the Republican candidate. In 1912 he was 
nominated by Governor Wilson as a member of the 
State Board of Assessors for a term of four years, 
and was promptly confirmed by the Senate. Upon the 
creation of the new Board of Taxes and Assessment 
he was nominated as a member for a three-year term 
by Governor Fielder and was confirmed by the Senate. 
This term expired in 1918. In 1920 Mr. Barber was 



BIOGRAPHIES. 359 

again named to this board by Governor Edwards and 
confirmed by the Senate. His term will expire in 
1923. 

JAMES BAKER, Jersey City. 

Mr. Baker was 'born in Jersey City, December 2d, 
1872, and was educated in the schools of Jersey City 
and in St. Peter's College. His business is that of 
New Jersey representative of DeLaurier's Column 
Mould Company cf New York. 

Mr. Baker was a member of the Assembly in 1907, 
1908, 1909 and 1910. He served ten years as chief 
clerk in the office of Register of Deeds of Hudson 
and was also for a time Registrar of Vital Statistics 
for the same county. In 1920 he was nominated by 
Governor Edwards to the State Board of Assessment 
and Taxes and was promptly confirmed. 

Mr. Baker has actively participated in every polit- 
ical campaign in this State for the last fifteen years. 
His splendid oratorical ability has been recognized by 
the Democratic State Committee in many guberna- 
torial elections. He has a large personal acquaint- 
ance among public officials in New Jersey and has 
a host of warm friends in both political camps. 

FRANK D. SCHROTH, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Schroth was born in Trenton, October 18th, 
1884, and has always resided there. He is a son of 
the late Assemblyman, John Schroth, and like his 
father, has always been actively interested in public 
affairs. Mr. Schroth is a newspaper man by profes- 
sion, having been connected with the Trenton True 
American while a morning paper, correspondent for 
several out of town papers, and general legislative 
reporter for the Trenton Evening Times up to the 
time of his appointment as Secretary of the State 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. Mr. Schroth was 
secretary to Prosecutor A. M. Beekman of Somerset 
county when the latter was Speaker of the House of 
Assembly, during the session of 1914. Later he was 
appointed State Supervisor of Census by the late 
David S. Crater, Secretary of State, and was retained 
in that position by Secretary of State Thomas F. 
Martin, until the work was finally completed. Mr. 

12 



360 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Schroth Tvas appointed secretary on December 14th, 
1915, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Irvine 
E. Maguire. 

FRANK A. O'CONNOR, Clerk and Field Secretary, 
West Orange. 

Mr. O'Connor was born in the city of New York, Au- 
gust 25th, 1867, and is a master plumber. He was 
graduated at St. John's School, Orange, N. J. He was 
Town Assessor, 1894 to 1904; Collector, 1904 to 1912 in- 
clusive, and was again re-elected in 1912. He was the 
first Assessor to tax gas, water, telephone, trolley and 
other public service corporations and advocate right of 
way and franchise taxes, and first Assessor to make 
inspection of New York city tax rolls and discover 
hundreds of thousands of dollars being sworn off in 
that city by men giving New Jersey as their legal resi- 
dence, where they had only summer homes, and paid, 
in many cases, not even a poll tax, with the result of 
adding such sums to New Jersey ratables. 

Mr. O'Connor has been a life long Democrat, and for 
many years served on the State Committee list of 
speakers. He was an Alternate Delegate to the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention at Denver in 1908, from 
the Ninth Congressional district. He was appointed 
clerk of the State Board of Equalization of Taxes in 
April, 1913, and served in that office until July 1st, 
1915, -when he became Field Secretary of the New 
Board of Taxes and Assessment. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 361 

Board of Public IJtlllty Commissioners. 

JOHN WEBLEY SLOCUM, President, Long Branch. 

Judge Slocum was born April 23d, 1867, at Long 
Branch, N. J., and he has always made that city 
his home. The name of his ancestor, John Slocum, 
appears in the old records May, 1668, as one of the 
associate patentees of Monmouth county. He Tvas ad- 
mitted to practice as an attorney-at-law of this State 
in June, 1888, and as counselor four years later. Mr. 
Slocum served as city solicitor of Long Branch for 
eight years and was elected Senator from Monmouth 
county in November, 1911. He was chosen president 
of the Senate for the session of 1914, and sworn in 
as acting governor of the State during Governor Field- 
er's western trip in June of that year. 

He is a member of the American Bar Association, 
the New Jersey Bar Association, Trustee of the Mon- 
mouth County Bar Association and a member of the 
Monmouth County Historical Association. He is also 
a large stockholder in the Long Branch Daily Record 
and the president of that corporation. 

At the expiration of his term as Senator, Governor 
James F. Fielder appointed him Judge of the Mon- 
mouth Common Pleas Court. He resigned this po- 
sition May 1st, 1915, to accept the appointment on the 
Board of Public Utility Commissioners. He was made 
President of the Board in May, 1918, upon the resigna- 
tion of Ralph W. E. Donges. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat and his term will expire May 1st, 1921. His salary 
is $7,500 a year. 



Note. — Tlie four commissioners whose biographies 
are here given were removed from ofRce by Governor 
Edwards, after a hearing on October 13th, 1920, 
and the removals were sustained by the Supreme 
Court. The case was then carried to the Court of 
Errors and Appeals by the removed commissioners. 
Governor Edwards meanwhile sent io the Senate for 
confirmation the names of others who up to January 
20th had not been favorably acted upon by the Senate. 
For later information see "Notes" at beginning of 
Manual. 



362 BIOGRAPHIES. 

GEORGE FAIRHURST WRIGHT, Paterson. 

Mr, Wright was born in Paterson on February 26th, 
1873. His education was received in the public schools 
of his native city. He was elected to the Assembly 
in 1904 from Passaic county, and served two terms. 
In June, 1907, he was appointed for two years as a 
member of the State Water Supply Commission by 
Governor Stokes. In 1909 he was reappointed for the 
full term of five years by Governor Fort. He was 
elected President of the Commission for the year 1914. 
Mr. Wright became a member of the State Republican 
Committee in 1912 and has continued as such to the 
present time, being now its Vice Chairman. 

On January 1st, 1916, he became Receiver of Taxes 
of the city of Paterson. In 1916 he was appointed a 
member of the North Jersey District Water Supply 
Commission for the term of one year by Governor 
Fielder. In 1917 he was re-appointed for the full term 
of four years by Governor Edge. He resigned from 
the last two positions in February, 1918, and was 
thereupon appointed by Governor Edge as a member 
of the Board of Public Utility Commissioners for a 
term of six years. His salary is $7,500 per annum. 

HARRY L. KNIGHT, Medford. 

Mr. Knight was born in Burlington county, N. J., 
July 24th, 1868. He attended the public schools of 
the county and worked as a boy on a farm. He began 
work as a telegraph operator and agent of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad in 1891 and held that position until 
he resigned to become postmaster of Medford in 1905. 
He resigned as postmaster when elected Clerk of 
Burlington county in 190^9 and was re-elected in 1914, 
being the first Clerk ever filling that office for a sec- 
ond term in that county. He resigned the office when 
appointed on the present board in 1919. 

Mr. Knight served several years as Township Clerk, 
Collector and on the Board of Education of Medford 
township. He has been a fire insurance agent and 
broker for a number of years; is president and prin- 
cipal owner of the Medford Concrete Co., of the Cen- 
tral Record Publishing Co., and is owner and manager 
of several cranberry properties. He is a member of 
a number of fraternal and beneficial orders, and in- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 363 

terested in all local improvements. His term expires 
May 1st, 1925, and salary $7,500. 

ANDREW GAUL, JR., Ridgefield. 

Mr. Gaul was born in Hoboken, N. J., forty-two 
years ago. After graduating- from the Hackensack 
High School he got his early business training in 
Wall street, New York. In 1908 he established a 
steamboat freight service between New York and 
Hackensack. When a vacancy occurred in July, 1916 
in the Board of Freeholders, Mr. Gaul was appointed 
and then elected to the office the following November. 
He was chairman of the War Savings Stamp campaign 
committee in the county, which sold more than 
$1,000,000 worth of stamps. 

He was appointed a Public Utility Commissioner in 
1919 for a term of six years. His term expires 1925. 

Vacancy. 

Alfred S. March resigned as a commissioner March 
ir;th, 1920. and the vacancy had not been filled up to 
February 1st. 1921. 

ALFRED N. BARBER, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Barber was born in Lambertville, N. J., May 
19th, 1867. In 1884 he entered the employ of the New 
Jersey Steel and Iron Company, working for that com- 
pany until it became absorbed by the American Bridge 
Company, when he resigned as contracting agent to 
accept a position in the sales department of John A. 
Roebllng's Sons Company. He worked in the office 
of the City Clerk of Trenton from April, 1880, to July. 
1884, and served as an Assemblyman from Mercer 
county for three years — 1905, '06 and '07 — and during 
the latter year was Republican leader. Mr. Barber 
was appointed secretary of the Board of Railroad 
Commissioners soon after the creation of that board, 
In 1907. His salary is $4,000. 



Counsel. 

L. EDWARD HERRMANN, Jersey City. 
Mr. Herrmann is a lawyer, ^was born in Jersey City, 
New Jersey, July 6th, 1876, was educated in the Pub- 
lic Schools of Jersey City, and graduated from the 



364 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Jersey City High School in 1895, from which he 
entered New York University and graduated in 1898. 
Subsequently he attended the New York Law School. 
While a law student he taught in the Night Schools 
of Jersey City, and subsequently became engaged on 
the reportorial stafC of the Jersey City News and 
Jersey Journal. He studied law in the ofRces of John 
L. Keller, John W. Heck and Augustus Zabriskie, and 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in June, 1901, 
and as a counsellor in November, 1908. In politics 
he is a Democrat and was a member of the Board 
of Education of Jersey City for two terms. He served 
as secretary to Governor James F. Fielder during his 
terms as President of the Senate, Acting-Governor 
and Governor, and succeeded Frank H. Sommer as 
counsel to the Board of Public Utility Commissioners 
of the State of New Jersey in May, 1916. He is a 
member of the University Club of Hudson County, 
Carteret Club and Down Town Club. 



State Civil Service Commission. 

JOHN DYNELEY PRINCE, President, Ringwood. 

Professor Prince was born in New York City, 
April 17th, 1868, and is a professor in Columbia Uni- 
versity. He was formerly Dean of the New York Uni- 
versity. He is a Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, Baltimore, Md. (1892), and has been a volu- 
minous writer on historical, philological and historico- 
legal subjects. The Professor was president of the 
Board of Education of Pompton township, Passaic 
county, 1902-1905, and was re-elected in 1907, and was 
president of the United School Boards of Passaic 
county in 1904. He was a member of the Assembly 
from that county in 1906, 1908 and 1909, and Speaker 
the latter year. In 1909, the Professor was elected 
State Senator from Passaic, and in 1912 was Presi- 
dent of the Senate. He was Acting Governor for the 
period when Governor Wilson was out of the State. 

Governor Edge, on March 30th, 1917, appointed the 
Professor a member of the Civil Service Commission 
for a term of two years and also as president of that 
body. He was reappointed in 1919 and his term ex- 
pires in 1924. His salary is $3,500 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 365 

WILLIAM KRUSE DEVEREUX, Asbury Park. 

Mr. Devereux, a native of Trenton, is a son of 
Franklin Devereux, a pioneer Prohibitionist, and one 
of the seven to sign the call for the first Republican 
meeting held in New Jersey. He is descended in a 
direct line from Conrad Weiser, a missionary among 
the Indians and one of General George Washington's 
trusted scouts. Forced to leave school when a lad, he 
learned the printers' trade and later drifted into news- 
paper work. He was one of the founders of the Tren- 
ton Sunday Advertiser, and for sixteen years was part 
owner and editor of the Asbury Park Spray, Mon- 
mouth county's pioneer daily newspaper. For over 
thirty years he has been a legislative correspondent 
and is the head of the Legislative News Bureau. He 
served for seventeen years as secretary of the New 
Jersey State Democratic Committee and coined that 
popular slogan, "Win with Wilson." When the County 
Tax Boards were first established, he was named as a 
member of the Monmouth county board by Governor 
Stokes, and was reappointed by Governors Fort, Wilson 
and Fielder. He is a Past Exalted Ruler of Asbury 
Park Lodge of Elks and a former Councilman of that 
resort. He was appointed a member of the Civil Ser- 
vice Commission by Governor Walter E. Edge on March 
30th, 1917, and was named for a full term in January, 
191S. His salary is $3,000 a year. His term expires in 
1923. 

EDWARD HENRY WRIGHT. Newark. 

Mr. Wright was born in Newark, N. J., February 13th, 
1873, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., from 1885 to 1890, 
and entered the Princeton class of 1894. He studied 
law in the office of McCarter, Williamson & McCarter, 
Newark, and the New York Law School, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of New Jersey, June 21st, 1897. He 
is the grandson of the late United States Senator Wil- 
liam Wright, of New Jersey, and Steven Thomas Ma- 
son, first Governor of Michigan, and is the son of the 
late Colonel Edward H. Wright, aid on the staff of the 
late Generals Winfield Scott and George B. McClellan. 
He was a member of the House of Assembly in 1907, 
and made a good record as a legislator. Governor Wil- 
son appointed Mr. Wright a Civil Service Commissioner 



366 BIOGRAPHIES. 

on February 17th, 1913, for a term of four years. 
Under the new law, Governor Edge appointed him a 
member of the Civil Service Commission on March 30th. 
1917, for the four-year term. His salary is $3,000 a 
year. His term expires in 1921. 

WILLIAM D. NOLAN, Somerville. 

Mr. Nolan was born at Pleasant Grove, Schooley's 
Mountain, Morris county, N. J., November 8th, 1880; 
moved to Somerville in 1888, and attended the public 
schools of Somerville and also Packards Business Col- 
lege in New York. After finishing there he went in 
the employ of the New Jersey Central Railroad, at No, 
143 Liberty street. New York, in 1896, which he quit 
in 1900, and then was given a position by Senator 
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen in the insurance business at 
William street. New York. Subsequently, started in 
business with Mr. A. C. Swinton and formed the firm 
of Nolan & Swinton, at No. 12 West Main street, Som- 
erville, and No. 1 Liberty street. New York. The part- 
nership was dissolved July 1st, 1911, and Mr. Nolan has 
since conducted the business for himself at No. 12 
West Main street, Somerville. He has taken an active 
part in Somerset county politics in the past fifteen 
years. He was appointed a member of the Civil Ser- 
vice Commission by Governor Edge, March 30th, 1917, 
for the five-year term. His salary is $3,000 a jear. 

THEODORE H. SMITH, Jersey City. 

Mr. Smith wasi born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on 
August 4th, 1878, and has lived there since that time. 
He was educated in private and public schools in 
Jersey City and at Trinity School, New York City, 
New York. 

He is descended in a direct line from John Cadmus, 
who was the second male child barn in Jersey City. 
Mr. Smith's grandfather served two terms as post- 
master of Jersey City. 

After leaving school, Mr. Smith was employed in 
the law office 'of Babbitt & Lawrence; later he ac- 
cepted a position with the Chapultepec Land Improve- 
ment Company. This company developed the exquisite 
residential section in the suburb of Mexico City, Mex- 
ico, which, before the present disturbances in that 
country was known as the "American Colony." He is 



BIOGRAPHIES. 367 

the secretarj^ and a director in this company. He is 
a member of the Jersey City and Carteret Clubs, and 
is also president of the Union Building and Loan 
Association. 

He has been a lifelong Republican, and was ap- 
pointed by G-overnor Fielder to the Civil Service Com- 
misson in 1916, but retired upon the reorganization 
of that board in 1917. He was again appointed to 
the board for a full term of five years by Governor 
Edwards in 1920. 

CHARLES P. MESSICK, Chief Examiner and Secretary, 
Trenton, N. J. 

Mr. Messick was born near Georgetown, Sussex 
county, Delaware, on June 4th, 1882, and received his 
early educational training in the rural schools of that 
county. At the age of seventeen, he began teaching 
in the country schools and continued for a period of 
four years, in the meantime preparing for entrance to 
college. In September, 1903, he entered Delaware State 
College and was graduated from that institution in 
1907, with the degree of A.B. Two years later he re- 
ceived his Master's degree from the same institution, 
and in 1910 received the degree of A.M. from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

During his college career he was a leader in many 
college activities and won distinction in scholarship, in 
military science and athletics. He is a member of the 
Phi Kappa Phi Honorary Society and of the Sigma Nu 
Fraternity, being the organizer of the local chapter at 
Delaware College. 

After graduation from college he removed to New 
Jersey, and for five years was head of the Department 
of History in the Trenton High School. He has been 
connected with the New Jersey State Civil Service 
Commission since 1910, and has devoted his entire time 
to the work since 1912. As Assistant Chief Examiner 
he has directed and developed the work of the Ex- 
amination Department. In 1914, he was tendered the 
Chief Examinership of the Municipal Civil Service 
Commission of Philadelphia, but chose to remain with 
the New Jersey Commission. 

Mr. Messick was appointed Supervisor of the Tren- 
ton Evening Schools in September, 1916, and has been 
unusually successful in reorganizing and improving 



368 BIOGRAPHIES. 

the evening" school work. On being appointed to his 
present position, he resigned the supervisorship. His 

salary is $4,800 a year. 



State Board of Education. 

MEIiVIN A. RICE, President, Leonardo, Monmouth Co. 

Mr. Rice was born in New York State, August 13th, 
1871. He was graduated from the State Normal School 
at Cortland in June, 1890. He is president of Donald 
W. MacLeod & Company, importers of flax and jute, 
690 Broadway, New York City. Mr. Rice w^as ap- 
pointed in 1911 by Governor Wilson, a member of the 
State Board of Education and was re-appointed by 
Governor Edge in 1919, and his term will expire in 
1927. 

JOHN CHARLES VAN DYKE, Vice-President, New 
Brunswick. 

Dr. Van Dyke, university professor, was borm Ik 
New Brunswick, N. J., April 21st, 1856; son of Judig-e 
John and Mary Dix (Strong) Van Dyke; studied a--, 
Columbia; studied art in Europe many years, and 
L. H. D., Rutgers, 1889; unmarried. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1877, but never practiced; Librarian, 
Sage Library, New Brunswick, since 1878, and Pro- 
fessor of History of Art, Rutgers, since 1889. Is 
lecturer at Columbia, Harvard and Princeton; a mem- 
ber of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. 
Author of "Books and How to Use Them," "Principles 
of Art," "How to Be Judge of a Picture," "Art For 
Art's Sake," "History of Painting," "Oldi Dutch and 
Flemish Masters." "Modern French Masters," "Nature 
For It's Own Sake," "The Desert," "Old English Mas- 
ters, With Coles' Engravings," "The Meaning of Pic- 
tures," "The Opal Sea," "Studies in Pictures," "The 
Money God," "The New New York." "What Is Art?," 
"New Guides to Old Masters;" Editor of "College His- 
tories of Art," "History of American Art," "Tlie 
Studio," 1883-1884, "American Art Review," "Inter- 
national Quarterly," etc. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911 and re-appointed February 12th, 
1918, for a full term of eight years. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 369 

COL. D. STEWART CRAVEN, Salem. 

Col. Craven was born on a farm near St. Georges, 
Delaware, February 20th, 1873. The family is one of 
Scotch Presbyterian ancestry. He was educated in the 
public schools of Salem (to which city his parents 
moved in 1880), at the Lawrenceville Academy, Law' 
renceville, N. J,, and at the Virginia Military Institute. 
Lexington, Va. 

The Salem Glass Works were founded by a relative 
of Col. Craven's, in partnership with two other business 
men of the city, in 1863, and Col. Craven begun his 
business career with this industry in 1892. He is nov/ 
vice-president. 

In 1899, General W. J. Sewell, Division Commander 
of the National Guard of N. J., appointed Mr. Craven 
a member of his staff with the rank of Major. In 
1905, he was appointed assistant quartermaster-general 
with the rank of colonel. 

He was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Education in 1911 by Governor Wilson, and re-ap- 
pointed by Governor Fielder for the full term, April, 
1916. His term will expire in 1924. 

JOHN P. MURRAY, Jersey City. 

Mr. Murray was born in Jersey City, in 1872. In 
1891 he was graduated from St. Peter's College, Jer- 
sey City, in which city he resides. In 1893 he was 
graduated from the New York Law School and ad- 
mitted to the New York bar. Since then he has 
practiced! law in New York City. He was counsel to 
the Senate School Investigation Committee and drafted 
the laws for the re-organization of the State School 
system. He was also counsel for the Economy and 
Efficiency Commission and drafted the laws for the 
consolidation and re-organization of the various State 
departments. He is a Democrat in politics. 

He was appointedi a member of the State Board of 
Education 'in 1911. In 1912 he was reappointed for a 
term of eight years and again in 1920 for another full 
term. His present term will expire in 1928. 

THOMAS WHITNEY SYNNOTT, Wenonah. 

Mr. Synnott was bornt at Glassboro, N. J., in 1845. 

He is a son. of Myles Synnott, M.D., and Harriet 

Heston Whitney Synnott, and was educated in the 

public schools and West Jersey Academy. Engaged 



370 BIOGRAPHIES. 

in glass manufacturing- at Glassboro in 1865, in con- 
nection with the Whitney Glass Works, and became 
the first president of the company when it was later 
incorporated. He retained this position until 1892 
when he retired from active business to devote his 
energies to benevolent work. (The glass works at 
Glassboro w^ere acquired by Colonel Thomas Heston, 
the great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, at 
the close of the Revolutionary War, and long known 
as Heston's Glassworks. Later the name was changed 
to Whitney Glass Works.) 

Mr. Synnott is a trustee of Lincoln University, of 
Keswick Colony, School for Christian Workers, presi- 
dent of Board of Trustees of Princeton. Theological 
Seminary, member of Boardi of Aid for Colleges of 
the Presbyterian Church, and of the Board of Pub- 
lication and Sabbath School Work of the Presbyterian 
Churchy and Executive Committee of the World's S. 
S. Work; of the National Institute of Social Sciences 
and of the National Economic League and of the Union 
League of Philadelphia. He is treasurer of the Inter- 
Church Federation of New Jersey; vice-president of 
the New Jersey State S. S. Asso. and' of the Lord's 
Day Alliance of the United States and president of 
the Lord's Day Alliance of New Jersey, member of 
the Sons of the Revolution, of the Society of Colonial 
Wars, vice-president of the General Board of Educa- 
tion of the Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A., and 
trustee of the Presbyterian Home of the Synod of New 
Jersey, president of the First National Bank of Glass- 
boro, N. J., and director in numerous corporations. 

In politics, a Republican. Has never held' political 
office. He was appointed a member of the State 
Board of Ediucation by Governor Fielder and' his 
term expires July 1st, 1923. 

ROBERT LYNN COX, Montclair. 

Mr. Cox was born on a farm in Joe Davies county, 
111., November 27th, 1865. He was educated in country 
schools and village high school; went to Buffalo, N. 
Y., when nineteen years of age, and entered the employ 
of the Buffalo School Furniture Company as a ship- 
ping clerk in foundry department; continued in this 
employment for several years and later became super- 
intendent; next associated with his uncle in publish- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 371 

ing and printing- business in New York and Buffalo, 
and while engaged in this activity took up the study 
of law; was admitted to the bar in July, 1898, after 
having received from the University of Buffalo the de- 
gree of LL.B., then engaged in general practice of law 
as senior partner successively with the firms of Cox & 
Kimball, Cox, Kernan & Kimball and Cox, Kimball & 
Stowe, He represented the second assembly district 
in the city of Buffalo in the New York Assembly in the 
years 1903, 1904, 1905 and 1906, serving on the Cities, 
General Laws, Codes and Judiciary Committees, and 
was chairman of the last-named committee in 1906. 
He removed to New York in 1907 to accept the posi- 
tion as attorney and secretary of the Association of 
Life Insurance Presidents. Upon the death of Grover 
Cleveland in 1908, Mr. Cox succeeded him as chief 
executive officer of the association under title of gen- 
eral counsel and manager, and continued in this posi- 
tion until end of the year 1916, when he resigned to 
accept the office of third vice-president of the Metro- 
politan Life Insurance Company of New York. 

Mr. Cox is a Royal Arch Mason and Past Master of 
Washington Lodge, No. 240, F. & A. M. of Buffalo, 
N. Y.; member of the Phi Delta Phi Fraternity, 
American Bar Association, also of the Manhattan and 
Republicans clubs in New York, and member and di- 
rector of the Montclair Golf Club and various other 
clubs in Montclair, N. J., where he has resided for 
several years. He was appointed a member of the 
Board of Education in 1917 by Governor Edge for a 
full term of office, which will expire in 1925. 

OSCAR W. JEFFERY, Englewood. 

Mr. Jeffery was born at Washington, New Jersey, 
June 7th, 1872, and is son of Oscar Jeffery and Emma 
L. Jeffery. He was educated at the public schools of 
Washington, the Bordentown Military Institute and 
Princeton University, Class of 1894. He graduated 
from the New York Law School in 1896 and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of the State of New York in the same 
year. Since then he has been continuously engaged in 
the practice of law in New York City for years as a 
member of the firm of Wetmore & Jenner, which has 
now been succeeded by Sexton, Jeffrey, Kimball & 
Eggleston. He is a member of the Board of Educa- 



372 BIOGRAPHIES. 

tion of Eng-lewood, and was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Education by Governor Edge February 
27th, 1918, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Edgar H. Sturtevant. His term will expire July 1st, 
1922. 

Vacancy. 



Commissioner of Education. 

CALVIN N. KENDALL, Princeton. 

Mr. Kendall was born in Augusta, N. Y., February 
8th, 1858. He was graduated from Hamilton College 
with the degree of A.B. in 1882. He has received the 
following honorary degrees: A.M. from Yale in 1900, 
and from the University of Michigan in 1909; Litt.D. 
from Hamilton College in 1911, and from Rutgers 
College in 1912; and LL.D. from New York University 
in 1913. 

As an educator, Mr. Kendall has had a long and suc- 
cessful career. He was a teacher in the rural schools 
of New York State for two years; principal of the 
Jackson High School, Jackson, Mich., 1885 to 1886; 
superintendent of schools in Jackson, 1886 to 1890; 
superintendent of schools, Saginaw, Mich., 1890 to 
1892; superintendent of schools. New Haven, Conn., 
1895 to 1900; superintendent of schools, Indianapolis, 
and a member of the State Board of Education, In- 
diana, 1900 to July, 1911. 

In addition to the positions already mentioned, Mr. 
Kendall has been a lecturer at the summer schools of 
the following universities: Cliicago, Indiana, Wiscon- 
sin, Columbia, Iowa, Illinois and California. He has 
been president of the Connecticut Council of Educa- 
tion; president of the Connecticut State Teachers' 
Association; president of the Southern Indiana Teach- 
ers' Association, and president of Indiana State Teach- 
ers' Association. He was also a member of the com- 
mission of three appointed by the United States Com- 
missioner of Education to investigate and report upon 
the Baltimore schools during the spring of 1911. 

Mr, Kendall has been offered the superintendency 
of the schools of Washington, Louisville, Rochester 
and Springfield (Mass.), and since coming to New Jer- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 373 

sey he has twice been offered the superintendency of 
the schools of Detroit. 

He was appointed to his present office by Governor 
Wilson, on July 14th, 1911, and in 1916 he was re- 
appointed by Governor Fielder. His term expires In 
1921. The salary is $10,000 a year. 



State Deparliuent of Health. 

DR. J. OLIVER Mcdonald, President, Trenton. 

Dr. McDonald is a physician, practicing- at 194 West 
State Street, Trenton. His practice is limited to chil- 
dren. 

He was born at Englishtown, N. J., April 8th, 1884; 
graduated from Freehold High School, Princeton Uni- 
versity and College of Physicians and Surgeons 
(Columbia University, New York City); Alumnus of 
Presbyterian Hospital and Sloane Hospital for Women, 
New York City; Fellow American College of Physi- 
cians; As'sistant Attending Physician St. Francis Hos- 
pital and Attending Physician Children's Municipal 
Ho'spital, Trenton. 

Dr. McDonald was appointed by Governor Fielder 
in 1915 and reappointed by Governor Edge in 1919. 
He was elected president of this department in 1920. 

CLYDE POTTS, C.E„ Morristown. 

Mr. Potts was born in Jefferson county, Iowa, No- 
vember 1st, 1876, and was graduated from the Des 
Moines (Iowa) High School and later entered Cornell 
University. He graduated from Cornell with the Class 
of 1901. Mr. Potts is a civil engineer by profession, 
specializing in sanitary work. Among the large 
number of commissions involving- special difficulties 
carried out by him are the sewerage works of Morris- 
town, N. J.; West Haven, Conn., and Patchog-ue, N. Y. 
He has been employed as a sanitary expert in a 
number of important litigations and at the present 
time is so employed by the federal g-overnment. 

Mr. Potts is a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers; the American Public Health Associa- 
tion; the American Water Works Association; the 
New England' Water Works Association, and other 
State and National scientific societies. He is also a 
past president of the New Jersey Sanitary Association. 



oT4 BIOGRAPHIES. 

He is president of the Cornell Society of Civil Engi- 
neers and a member of the Sigma XI. He was ap- 
pointed by Governor Fielder a member of the De- 
partment of Health in 1915. His term will expire 
July 1st. 1921. 

THOMOS B. LEE. M.D., Camden. 

Dr. Lee was born May 19th, 1881, at Glassboro, N. J. 
He was graduated from the Woodbury High School in 
1900, and the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 

1905. In 1905-06 he was an intern in the Cooper Hos- 
pital, Camden; was elected Assistant Gynecologist in 

1906, and Gynecologist, 1912, of the same hospital. The 
latter position he now holds and is Consulting Gyne- 
cologist of the Camden County Hospital, physician- 
in-chief of Mary J. Ball Home for Friendless Children, 
and member of the city, county and State medical so- 
cieties, Philadelphia Medical Club and American Medi- 
cal Association. 

From 1906 to 1913 the doctor belonged to the Medi- 
cal Department of the National Guard, N. J., and re- 
signed with the rank of Major. On July 1st, 1917, he 
was appointed a member of the State Board of Health 
by Governor Edge, and his term expires in 1921. 

OLIVER KELLY, Oak Tree, Middlesex County, 

Mr. Kelly was born near Metuchen, Middlesex county, 
N. J., in 1847. He received a common school education, 
and afterward entered the real estate business, which 
he conducted successfully for a number of years both 
in New Jersey and New York. He served as Collector 
of the Port of Perth Amboy until the first Cleveland 
administration, and in April, 1891, was appointed a 
member of the State Board of Assessors for a term of 
four years, and served in that office five years alto- 
gether. For over twenty-seven years he was an active 
member of the Democratic State Committee, and is 
now a member of the Middlesex County Democratic 
Committee. He was Chairman of the Middlesex County 
Board of Elections for several terms. He is also a 
member of the Raritan Township Board of Education. 
Mr. Kelly was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Health by Governor Wilson in 1913 for a term of 
six years, and in 1915 he was appointed a member 
of the new Department of Health by Governor Fielder, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 375 

and re-appointed by Governor Edge in 1918, and his 
term will expire in 1922. 

HOWARD E. WINTER, V.S., Plainfleld. 

Dr. Winter was born at Red Bank, N. J., January 
30th, 1886, and is a veterinarian. He was graduated 
from Shrewsbury Academy, Red Bank, in 1902; com- 
pleted a three-year course in New York American 
Veterinary College in 1905, and practiced as an as- 
sistant over four years in New York City. In 1910 
he was graduated from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in the Department of Veterinary Medicine. He 
has practiced his profession in Plainfleld for six 
years. He was appointed a member of the Depart- 
ment of Health by Governor Fielder in 1916 to fill a 
vacancy caused by the death of John M. Everitt. He 
was re-appointed by Governor Edge in 1918, and his 
term expires in 1922. 

DR. HENRY SPENCE, Jersey City. 

Dr. Spence was born at Starkey, N. Y., December 
30th^ 1865, where his father, Dr. Byron Spence, began 
the practice of medicine in 1850. Dr. Spence prepared 
for the study of medicine at the Penn Yan Academy, 
Penn Yan, N. Y., where he was graduated in 1886. 
He took further preparation for medicine at Cornell 
University during the years 1888 and 1889, going from 
there to the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 
New York from which he graduated in 1892. Follow- 
ing a year of internship at Christ Hospital in Jersey 
City, 1892, 1893, he took up the practice of medicine 
in Jersey City where he has continued' in the pro- 
fession up to the present time. From 1893 until 1901 
he was assistant visiting surgeon to Christ Hospital, 
following which he was elected to the post of surgeon. 
At present he is visiting surgeon (female division) 
to St. Francis Hospital, lecturer to the Christ Hos 
pital Training School for Nurses, and for the Training 
School for Nurses at the City Hospital, Jersey City. 
Dr. Spence has been president of the Hudson County 
District Medical Society, the Practitioners' Club of 
Jersey City, and the Alumni Association of Christ 
Hospital Internes and is now treasurer of the Society 
of Surgeons of New Jersey, and a director of the 
Chamber of Commerce and chairman of the Public 



376 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Health Committee of Jersey City. He is a member 
of the New Jersey State Medical Society, the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, the New Jersey State Sani- 
tary Association, and of the Citizens' Federation of 
Hudson County and' various other organizations. He 
was appointed a member of the State Board of Health 
by Governor Fielder and was re-'appointed by Gov- 
ernor Edge, and his term expires in 1923. 

DAVID D. CHANDLER, Newark. 

Entered the employ of Hilton & Menger, civil engi- 
neers and surveyors, at Paterson, in 1889, and re- 
mained with that firm until 1896. Established an 
engineering and surveying business in Paterson in 
1896, practicing mostly surveying and road building. 
Appointed city engineer of Paterson in 1900 and still 
holds that position. As city engineer he designed and 
supervised all of the municipal construction done dur- 
ing those years. Designed and supervised the con- 
struction of the Lake View and the West Paterson and 
Totowa sewers, draining sections of the city that had 
not improved to any extent, because of the lack of 
drainage facilities. Made surveys, investigations, etc., 
for the numerous suits that were brought against 
Paterson for polluting the Passaic river, and for suits 
brought by Paterson against the Passaic and other 
water companies for diverting water from the Pas- 
saic river at Little Falls. Made surveys, detail plans 
and reports for the elimination of the grade crossings, 
along the Erie and New York, Susquehanna and West- 
ern railroads, within the Paterson limits. Made pre- 
liminary investigations for a separate municipal water 
supply for Paterson. Designed and supervised the 
construction of water supply systems for the Borough 
of Hawthorne and for the Ringwood Company for its 
development at Greenwood Lake. Designed and sup- 
ervised the construction of sewerage systems for the 
Ringwood Company, the Township of Little Falls, the 
Borough of Prospect Park and for part of the Village 
of Ridgewood. Designed sewerage systems that will 
probably be 'built during 1921 and 1922 for Haledon, 
Glen Rock, Totowa and West Paterson Boroughs. 

Appointed a member of the State Department of 
Health to succeed Frederick T. Crane, deceased, and 
later for the full term expiring July 1st, 1924. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 377 

Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 
American Water Works Association and the New Jer- 
sey Sanitary Association. Mr. Chandler's term expires 
in 1924. 

HAROLD J. HARDER, Paterson. 

Mr. Harder w^as born in Paterson, where he has 
since resided. He was educated in the Paterson 
schools and is a civil engineer. 

He was appointed to the State Board of Health by 
Governor Edwards in 1920 for a full term of four 
years and confirmed by the Senate. The term will 
expire July 1st, 1924. 



Director of Health. 

JACOB COLE PRICE, M.D., Branchville. 
Dr. Price was born at Branchville, Sussex county, 
N. J., January 9, 1850. By profession he is a physi- 
cian. His father was a cousin of Governor Rodman 
M. Price, and was an Assemblyman from Sussex 
county in 1861. Dr. Price is a graduate of the Michi- 
gan University and the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of New York city. He was County Physi- 
cian for Sussex for fifteen years, and has served as 
Mayor, and also Postmaster, at Branchville. He was 
appointed as a member of the Board of Examining 
Surgeons for his Congressional District under the 
McKinley administration. In 1903 Dr. Price was elected 
to the State Senate by a plurality of 758 over Wood- 
ward, Republican, was re-elected in 1906 by a plur- 
ality of 730 over Howell. Republican, and again in 
1909 by a plurality of 1,057 over Hunt, Republican. 
He was the only Senator who was ever given a third 
term in Sussex county. He served on the most im- 
portant committees of the Senate and his record is 
without blemish. He was appointed a member of the 
State Board of Health by Governor Wilson In 1912 
and served one year, when he resigned, and Governor 
Wilson then appointed him Secretary of the board for 
a full term of six years. Upon the creation of the 
new Department of Health the doctor was elected 
director for a term of four years. He was re-ap- 
pointed by Governor Edge, and his term expires in 
1923. 



378 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Board of Commerce and Navigation. 

J. SPENCER SMITH, President, Tenafly. 

Mr. Smith was born in Sherbrooke, Canada, on July 
7th, 1880. He was brought up in the suburbs of 
Brooklyn, his parents moving to Tenafly in 1899. He 
was elected to the Municipal Council in 1902 and 
served one term. He was elected member of the 
Board of Education March 17th, 1908, and has served 
continuously ever since and is now vice-president of 
the board. 

He was appointed by Governor Wilson, April 7th, 
1911, as member of the Commission to Investigate 
Port Conditions of New York. On April 15th, 1914, 
he was appointed by Governor Fielder as member of 
the New Jersey Harbor Commission. On July 1st, 
1915, he was appointed by Governor Fielder as mem- 
ber of the Board of Commerce and Navigation, and was 
re-appointed by Governor Edge in 1917, and his term 
will expire in 1921. 

RICHARD C. JENKINSON, Vice-President, Newark. 

Mr. Jenkinson was born in Newark, N. J., in 1853. 
After five years training for business in New York, 
he spent a year abroad studying, and on his return 
in 1876 he started the manufacturing business, of 
which he is now the head, R. C. Jenkinson & Co. He 
ran for Mayor of Newark on the Republican ticket 
in 1900 and was defeated by the Hon. Jas. M. Sey- 
mour, who was seeking re-election. 

Mr. Jenkinson was elected president of the Newark 
Board of Trade in 1898, and was re-elected later. 
He was one of the vice-presidents of the Pan-Ameri- 
can at Buffalo in 1901, representing the State of New 
Jersey. 

He is a trustee of the New Jersey Home for Feeble- 
Minded at Vineland, and vice-president of the Board 
of Commerce and Navigation. He is vice-president 
of the Board of Trustees of the Free Public Library 
of Newark, a director in the Iron Bound Trust Co. 
of Newark, and in several other corporations in New 
Jersey and New York. He is also a director in cor- 
porations in Canada. 

• Governor Wilson appointed him a member of the 
New Jersey Harbor Board, and July 1st, 1915, Gover- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 379 

nor Fielder appointed him a member of the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation, and was re-appointed by 
Governor Edge in 1918, and his term will expire in 
1922. 

Mr. Jenkinson was appointed Fuel Administrator for 
New Jersey under the National Government in 1917. 

W. PARKER RUNYON, Perth Amboy. 

Mr. Runyon was born in New Brunswick, N. J., De- 
cernber 3d, 1861. He belongs to the French Hugenot 
family, whose progenitor, Vincent Runyon (Rognion^ 
was among the early settlers of East Jersey. He ob- 
tained his education in the public schools and Rut- 
gers Preparatory School of the city of his birth. He 
took a commercial course at the New Jersey Business 
College, Newark, N. J., and in 1881 entered that great- 
est of all schools^ — the business world — where his 
vital personality and pleasing and genial manner 
have stood him in good stead. 

After two or three positions filled successfully, he 
quite naturally became identified with boat craft, 
waterfront and navigation activities, as his father and 
grandfather each in his turn owned and operated the 
shipyard which met the needs of the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal at New Brunswick. 

He has been president for more than twenty years 
of the Perth Amboy Dry Dock Company. He, together 
with Mr. Charles D. Snedeker, re-organized the con- 
cern into a close corporation, and during his incum- 
bency the plant has grown from a capacity of two 
marine railways to one having five dry docks, ma- 
chine shops, angle, plate and boiler shops, ample 
wharves and piers. It has acquired the thirteen hun- 
dred feet of water front beside the several adjacent 
city blocks which it occupies. 

In 1904 he was elected an alternate delegate to the 
Democratic National Convention, held at St. Louis, 
and was a delegate to the one held at Denver in 1908. 
He is an active member of the Perth Amboy Chamber 
of Commerce, and he was a delegate to represent it 
in the seventh annual Atlantic Deeper Waterways 
Convention held in New York City in September, 1914. 

Mr. Runyon was appointed by Governor Fielder on 
the State Harbor Commission of New Jersey, and 
upon the recent re-organization of State Boards, was 



380 BIOGRAPHIES. 

named as one of the long-term men on the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation, and has since been re-ap- 
pointed every year to that position, representing tlie 
State. 

He was re-appointed by Governor Edge in 1919, and 
his term will expire in 1923. 

WILLIAM LAWRENCE SAUNDERS, Plainfield. 

Mr. Saunders was born November 1st, 1856, in 
Columbus, Ga.; son of William Trebell Saunders, D.D., 
and Eliza Morton Saunders, Va. ; grandnephew of 
Robert Saunders, fourteenth president William and 
Mary College, Williamsburg, Va. His earliest an- 
cestors landed with the Jamestown expedition, James- 
town, Va., and is descendant of Sir Edward Saunders, 
one of the Knights of the Horseshoe who discovered 
the Alleghanies. He has degrees: Bachelor of Science, 
University of Pennsylvania, 1876; Doctor of Science^ 
1911. 

Before graduation was editor-in-chief "University 
Magazine" and class poet, 1876, engaged in news- 
paper work, Philadelphia; special correspondent for 
southern newspapers Centennial Exposition; made two 
balloon ascensions, reaching height of three and a 
half miles, remaining up all night. 

From' 1878 to 1881, he was engineer in charge of 
building docks, warehouses and ship channel, New 
York Harbor, at Black Tom Island. He designed and 
patented apparatus for subaqueous drilling, using tube 
and water jet, system now in general use. 

In 1881, he was engineer for Ingersoll Rock Drill 
Company. He invented and patented rock drilling and 
quarrying devices, track channelers and gadders and 
bar channelers; invented and patented system of pump- 
ing liquids by compressed air, now generally used in 
Baku oil fields, Russia; also, radialaxe system of 
coal mining. 

Mr. Saunders is prominently identified with various 
industries both in New York and New Jersey, and is 
editor and author of numerous magazines, pamphlets, 
&c., relating to inventions, commerce, economics and 
politics. He was a member of the New Jersey Harbor 
Commission, formerly a member of the New Jersey 
State Democratic Committee, and was twice elected 
mayor of North Plainfield. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 381 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Com- 
merce and Navigation by Governor Fielder in 1915, 
and in 1918 was re-appointed by Governor Edge. His 
term will expire in 1922. 

HENRY C. BROKING, Paterson. 

Mr. Broking was born in Carlstadt, N. J., August 
31st, 1881, receiving his preliminary education in the 
local school, as well as in the New York City and 
Brooklyn schools, having moved to Brooklyn at the 
age of 14. He enlisted in the Eighth New York Vol- 
unteers in 1898 for duration of the Spanish-American 
War and was honorably discharged during the latter 
part of 1898. He moved to Paterson in 1907 and still 
resides there; was a member of the New Jersey State 
Militia with the rank of first lieutenant, and adjutant 
of the Sixth Battalion, resigning recently; is in the 
cotton converting business in New York City, being 
president and treasurer of Murray & Broking, Inc., 
and also treasurer of Thomas J. Harton & Co., Inc. 
Mr. Broking was appointed a member of the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation on July 1st, 1919, by Gov- 
ernor Edge. His term will not expire before July 1st, 
1923. 

WILLIAM T. KIRK, Beverly. 

Mr, Kirk was born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 1st. 
1860, and was educated at Friends Select School, 
Philadelphia, and has resided at Beverly, N. J., for 
the last twenty-four years. He served two terms in 
the city council, having overcome a normal Repub- 
lican majority at the election both times, has been 
a delegate to two Gubernatorial Conventions and 
served as a member of the Burlington County Demo- 
cratic Committee, and is president of the Burlington 
County Democratic Club. 

He is a director of the First National Bank of 
Beverly; has served as director of the Building and 
Loan Association; is a vestryman in the Episcopal 
Church, and a vice-president of the Philadelphia-Dela- 
ware-Trenton Deeper Waterways Association. 

He is a wholesale grocer in Philadelphia, being a 
member of the firm of Kirk, Foster & Co.; also presi- 
dent of the Grocers' and Importers' Exchange of 
Philadelphia. He is a member of the Joint Committee 
of the trade bodies of Philadelphia, on the Improve- 



382 BIOGRAPHIES. 

ment of the Schuylkill and Delaware rivers. Mr. Kirk 
was appointed by Governor Fielder as a member of 
the Board of Commerce and Navigation in 1915. He 
was reappointed in 1916 and again in 1920. His term 
will expire in 1924. 

DAVID W. McCREA, Jersey City. 

Mr. McCrea was born at New Hampton, Orange 
county, N. Y., February 3d, 1861. He was educated in 
the Middletown, N. Y., Academy and at a private pre- 
paratory school at the same place. 

Mr. McCrea is a lawyer by profession and was ad- 
mitted to practice in New Jersey in 1882. His law 
offices are at 76 Montgomery Street, Jersey City. 

The appointment of Mr. McCrea to the State Board 
of Commerce and Navigation by Governor Edwards 
in 1920 was his first time of holding a public office. 
His term expires in 1924. 

B. F. CRESSON, JR., Consulting Engineer, Jersey City. 

Mr. Cresson was born in Philadelphia in 1873, and 
was educated at the Episcopal Academy of Philadel- 
phia, Lehigh University and University of Pennsyl- 
vania; B.S. degree from the latter. 

From 1894 to 1900, he was employed on railroad 
work for the Lehigh Valley Railroad, Pennsylvania 
Railroad and West Virginia Short Line Railroad, and 
on the Reading Subway work in Philadelphia; from 

1900 to 1901, in the office of Jacobs and Davies, Con- 
sulting Engineers, New York City, on subaqueous tun- 
nel plans and surveys. North River and East River, 
and was Assistant Engineer in charge of the Atlantic 
avenue improvements in Brooklyn for the Long Island 
Railroad. 

In 1901 he was Assistant Engineer on resurvey 
plans, etc., for the completion of the Hudson Tunnels 
under the North River (McAdoo Tunnels), and from 

1901 to 1910, Assistant Engineer, Alignment Engineer 
and Resident Engineer in charge of precise triangu- 
lations on the North River, Resident Engineer in 
charge of subaqueous tunnels under the North River 
from Weehawken shaft; Resident Engineer in charge 
of Terminal Station-West, section of the Pennsyl- 
vania Station in New York, fiom the east side of 
Ninth avenue to the east side of Tenth avenue. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 383 

In 1910-1913, was First Deputy Commissioner, De- 
partment of Docks and Ferries, New York City, in 
charge of engineering activities and Acting Dock 
Commissioner for several months of this time in the 
absence of the commissioner; 1913-1915, Chief Engi- 
neer, New Jersey Harbor Commission; July 1st, 1915, 
Chief Engineer, Board of Commerce and Navigation. 

Is a member of the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers, American Institute of Mining Engineers, In- 
stitution of Civil Engineers of Great Britain, also 
Director, American Association of Port Authorities; 
Municipal Engineers of New York, International 
Congresses of Navigation, Engineers' Club of New 
York, etc., Associate Member of the Naval Consulting 
Board of the United States, appointed by Hon. Jo- 
sephus Daniels, Secretary of the Navy; Member of 
the Board of Directors for the State of New Jersey 
on Industrial Preparedness, and a member of the 
Pan-American Joint Engineering Committee ap- 
pointed by the American Society of Civil Engineers. 

ROBERT FRY ENGLE, Beach Haven. 

Mr. Engle was born near Mount Holly, X. J.. Feb- 
ruary 4th. 1868. His father was Robert Barclay Engle. 
Senator from Ocean county, 1890 to 1898. and his 
mother was Jane Darnell Engle of Mount Laurel. N. J, 
He was educated at Friends' Boarding School at West- 
town, Pa. His father, though born and raised a farmer, 
preferred the hotel business and became one of the 
pioneers of Beach Haven, N. J., opening the "Parry 
House," when that resort was started in 1874. The 
Engleside was built in 1S7(>. and after his education 
and a few years in the wholesale dry goods business in 
Philadelphia, the subject of this sketch came to the 
hotel to assist in its management. Upon the death of 
his father in 1901, the hotel property was incorporated 
as "The Engleside Company," and he became the treas- 
urer and general manager, which position he has held 
ever since. He is also president and general manager 
of the "Covington Company," owning and operating the 
Covington Apartment Hotel in AVest Philadelphia. He 
has been identified with the growth of Beach Haven for 
over thirty years, and has been a member of Borough 
Council for the last fifteen years. 



384 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Engle was appointed a member of the Board of 
Commerce and Navigation by Governor Edge. February 
27th, 1917, for a full term of four years. 



Department of Con-servation and Development. 

PERCIVAL CHRYSTIE, President, High Bridge. 

Mr. Chrystie was born in the old Taylor home, 
"Solitude," High Bridge, New Jersey, May 31st, 1868, 
and is a son of Oliver W. and Emily Taylor Chrystie. 
He was educated in Turners' School, Pittsfield, Mass., 
and Leals Academy, Plainfield, New Jersey. 

Mr. Chrystie is vice-president of the Taylor-Wharton 
Iron and Steel Company, and he and his cousin, Knox 
Taylor, president, represent the fifth generation of the 
Taylor family that has been engaged in the manu- 
facture of iron and steel in that locality for about 175 
years. The Taylor family and the company named 
after it have furnished the United States Government 
with projectiles and other material for war purposes 
for every war in which the United States has been 
engaged since and including the Revolution in 1776. 

Mr. Chrystie has served as a member of the State 
Board of Education, Fish and Game Commission, and 
was appointed a member of the Board of Conservation 
and Development by Governor Edge in 1917. His term 
expires in 1921. 

HENRY CROFUT WHITE, North Plainfield. 

Mr. White was born at Danbury, Conn., January 
29th, 1869, and is a lawyer, and a member of the 
New York bar, 1893; of the Supreme Court bar, 1896; 
practices in New York City, being a member of the 
firm of White & Wait, 49 W^all street. Degrees were 
conferred on him by the following: A.B., Yale Uni- 
versity, 1891; A.M., Columbia University, 1892; LL.B., 
University of the State of New York, 1893. He is 
the author of the White Federal Income Tax law 
and other legal treatises. He was appointed a mem- 
ber of this new department in 1915 by Governor 
Fielder and reappointed in 1916. He was again ap- 
pointed by Governor Edwards in 1920 and his term 
will expire in 1924. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 385 

SIMON PHILLIPS NORTHRUP, Newark. 

Mr. Northrup was born near Branchville, Sussex 
county, New Jersey, August 23d, 1876, and is son of 
Oscar and Mary J. (Phillips) Northrup. Both sides 
of family can trace descent to English Colonial an- 
cestry. The name Northrup is of English origin and 
is a compound of the words North and the Saxon 
thorp (Middle English thrope) meaning town or vil- 
lage. The earliest mention of the name found in 
England is of the marriage of Maude, daughter of 
Simon Northrope, in county York, in the reign of 
Henry VII. (1485-1509). Joseph Northrup, founder of 
the family in America, came from Yorkshire, England, 
with Sir Richard Saltonstall, in Eaton and Daven- 
port's Company, in the ship "Hector and Martha," 
landing at Boston on July 26th, 1637. With others 
he formed the settlement of Milford, Connecticut, in 
1639, and his name appears as one of the forty-four 
"Free Planters" on the document which laid the foun- 
dation for their government on the "Plantation." 
He was graduated from Dickinson College with the 
Class of 1897, and from the Law School of Yale Uni- 
versity in 1899, receiving degree of bachelor of laws, 
and Kent prize for superiority in debate. In Febru- 
ary, 1899, he was admitted to practice before the 
New Jersey bar, and for a time was in several law 
offices, forming in 1905, a partnership with Francis 
liafferty. In 1907, he became connected with Fidelity 
Trust Company and later was elected its assistant 
title officer. 

He was appointed by Governor Fielder, in 1915, a 
member of the Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment, and re-appointed by Governor Edge in 1918, 
and his term expires July 1st, 1921. 

JOHN L. KUSER, Bordentown. 

Mr. Kuser was born in Newark, N. J., May 12th, 1862, 
and is a twin brother to Colonel Anthony R. Kuser, a 
member of the Highway Commission. The Kuser 
family moved to the outskirts of Trenton when the 
twins were five years old, and their mother lives there 
at the present time. 



386 BIOGRAPHIES. 

John was educated at the Parochial school and after- 
wards at St. Benedict's College, Newark. He was con- 
nected with the newspaper business in Newark until 
1894 when he moved to Trenton. 

Mr. Kuser now holds the following- positions: Presi- 
dent of the Howard Demountable Rim Company, Presi- 
dent National Flue Cleaner, Treasurer Mercer Auto- 
mobile Company, Secretary and Treasurer Peoples 
Brewing- Company and Secretary and Treasurer Tren- 
ton Hygeia Ice Company. 

Governor Edge appointed Mr. Kuser a member of the 
Board of Conservation and Development in 1918 to 
fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Charles 
Lathrop Pack. Mr. Kuser's term will expire in 1922. 

OWEN WINSTON, Gladstone. 

Mr. W^inston was born September 5th. 18S2, in New 
York City, the son of the late Dr. Gustavus Storrs 
Winston and Jeannie Louise Lewis. Educated at pri- 
vate schools and entered Harvard University from 
Cutler School 'in the fall of 1900. Graduated from 
Harvard with the degree of A.B. in 1904. In 1905 he 
entered the employ of Brooks Brothers, one of the 
oldest firms in New York, and probably the oldest 
men's clothing concern in the country. He was made 
Secretary and elected a member of the Board of Di- 
rectors in 1913, and w^as elected Vice-President in 
1920. 

He was a member of the Military Training Camp 
at Plattsburgh in 1916, and attended the Officers' 
Training Camp at Fort Myer in 1917. He was com- 
missioned First Lieutenant Chemical Warfare Service 
in July, 1918, and was immediately ordered overseas. 
He served with the 79th Division through the Ar- 
gonne-Meuse offensive, first as Assistant Division Gas 
Officer, later as Division Gas Officer, being promoted 
in October. In December, after the Armistice, he 
served as an instructor in gas warfare in the S8th 
Division, returning home and receiving his discharge 
in February, 1919. 

He w^as appointed by Governor Edwards a member 
of the Department of Conservation and Development 
of New Jersey in 1920, and was elected a m.ember of 
the Township Committee of Mendham Township at 
the election in the fall of 1920. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 387 

He is a member of the Board of Managers of the 
Industrial Clinic, a member of the Board of Managers 
of the Harvard Club, and a member of the Executive 
Committee of the Metropolitan Golf Association. 

He married in 1905 Margaret Dey Lloyd, daughter of 
Francis G. and Matilda H. Lloyd, and has three sons. 

He is a Republican in politics, and has a farm at 
Mendham, Morris County, New Jersey, where he resides 
the greater part of the year. His term will expire in 
1923. 

WILLIAM E. FLORANCE, New Brunswick. 

Mr. Florance was born at Toronto, Canada, April 
IS-th, 1865. He is a graduate of Rutgers College, Class 
of 1885, and is at present a Trustee of that institu- 
tion. He was admitted as an attorney, November, 
1887, and as a counselor, November, 1909; as a mem- 
ber of the State Board of Education, 1905 to 1911; as 
Prosecutor of the Pleas of Middlesex County, 1914, 
1915; as State Senator, 1916 to 1918. 

He is president of the New Brunswick Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, vice-president of the National 
Bank of New Jersey, one of the managers of and coun- 
sel for The New Brunswick Savings Institution and 
president of the Sinking Fund Commission of the City 
of New Brunswick. 

He was appointed a member of the Board of Conser- 
vation and Development by Acting Governor Runyon 
in 1919 to fill a vacancy, and by Governor Edwards 
in 1920 for the term expiring July 1st, 1923. 

WILLIAM E. TUTTLE, JR., Westfield. 
Mr. Tuttle was appointed Banking and Insurance 
Commissioner January 17th, 1921, and a sketch of him 
will appear under that heading. His term as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Conservation and Development 
will expire in 1922. 

JOHN A. WATERS, Gloucester City. 

Mr. Waters was born in Gloucester City, July 15th, 
1875. He was educated in St. Mary's School and the 
Gloucester City High School. 

Mr. Waters is Superintendent of the Gloucester 
Ferry Company, with which he has been connected a 
long time. Formerly he was the company's chief clerk 
and paymaster. 



388 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Waters was solely responsible for the sending- 
out of the first and only steamer from New Jersey to 
meet the first consignment of troops that came to the 
port- of Philadelphia on the steamer Haverford. 

Mr. Waters' term as a member of the Department of 
Conservation and Development will expire in 1924. 

ALFRED GASKILL, Director and State Forester, 
Princeton. 

Mr. Gaskill was born in Philadelphia, November 6th, 
1861. For seventeen years he was engaged in the glass 
manufacturing business in Cumberland county, N. J., 
and in Philadelphia. In 1898, he gave up business, 
studied forestry in North Carolina, at Harvard Uni- 
versity, at the University of Munich and in the or- 
ganized forests of Europe. In 1901, he entered the 
United States Forest Service, and on February 1st, 
1907, was engaged as State Forester by the Forest Park 
Reservation Commission of New Jersey. He is a di- 
rector of the American Forestry Association and a 
member of several forestry and allied organizations. 

On July 1st, 1915, he was appointed Director of Con- 
servation and Development for a term of four years at 
$4,200 a year, which position he holds coincidentally 
with that of State Forester. 



State Geologist. 

HENRY B. KUMMEL, Trenton. 

Mr. Kiimmel was born in Milwaukee, Wis., May 
25th, 1867. He graduated from Beloit College, Wis., 
in 1889, and' after teaching two years, spent one year 
in post-g-raduate work in geology at Harvard Uni- 
versity and three years at the University of Chicago. 
He received the degree of M.A. from Harvard Uni- 
versity, and from Beloit College in 1892, and that of 
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from the University of 
Chicago in 1895. In 1891, he was employed as field 
assistant in geology on the United States Geological 
Survey, in Connecticut. In the summer of 1892 he 
joined the Geological Survey of New Jersey, and for 
several field seasons was engaged in surveys in War- 
ren, Sussex and Hunterdon counties. During a por- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 389 

tion of 1898 he was employed on the Geological Sur- 
vey of New York, and also spent a short time in 
studying the geology of Scotland. Returning to New 
Jersey, he was appointed Assistant State Geologist in 
1899, and on the resignation of Dr. John C. Smock, 
on July 1st, 1901, Mr. Kiimmel was put in charge of 
the survey. On January 10th, 1902, he was made 
State Geologist, which position he still holds. Upon 
the establishment of the Forest Park Reservation 
Comanission in 1905, he became ex-officio its executive 
officer. "With the organization of the Department of 
Conservation and Development, Mr. Kiimmel, as State 
Geologist, became the chief of the Division of Geology 
and acting director of the department during the ab- 
sence of the director. 

The high standing of the geological survey of New 
Jersey was recognized by the election of Mr. Kiimmel 
as first president of the American Association of State 
Geologists, a position which he held for several terms. 
In 1907, he was a member of the International Geo- 
logical Congress held in the city of Mexico, and he 
was again a delegate to the same congress when it 
met in Toronto, Canada, in 1913, he accompanied 
Governor Fort as one of the three New Jersey dele- 
gates to the first Conference of Governors held at 
the White House in 1908, and was a member of 
several subsequent conservation congresses. He is a 
Fellow of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, and of the Geological Society of 
America, and a member of the National Institute of 
Social Sciences. He is the author of numerous papers 
relating chiefly to the geology and natural resources 
of New Jersey. 



State HighAvay Commission. 

JOHN FERRIS, Jersey City. 
Mr. Ferris was born in Ireland, May 2d, 1875. For 
the past 25 years he has been a contractor in Jersey 
City, engaged in a number of important improvements. 
He is at present a member of the Jersey City Board 
of Education, having ,held that office for the past three 
years. He was named a member of the new State 
Highway Commission in June last by Governor Ed- 
wards as a Democrat, and his term will expire in 1923. 



390 BIOGRAPHIES. 

WALTER F. WHITTEMORE, Newton. 

Col. Whittemore was born at Camden, Maine, June 
12th, 1858, and graduated from New York University 
with the class of 1883. He is a civil engineer by pro- 
fession. He is a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers, a life member of the Marine Society 
of the City of New York, American Red Cross Society 
and the Sussex County Historical Society, and is a 
director of the Sussex National Bank of Newton. He 
served as a member of the Fredon Township Com- 
mittee, of Sussex County, from 1917 to 1920. On Feb- 
ruary 3d, 1897, Col. Whittemore enlisted in the First 
Troop of Cavalry, New Jersey National Guard, as a 
private. On November Bth, 1899, he was commissioned 
captain in Company C, 4th Infantry, which he resigned 
September 1st, 1902. He then became captain and 
aide-de-camp on the division staff, where he served 
until May 19th, 1906. December 10th, 1907, he was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel, Corps of Engineers, 
and on January 2d, 1914, was placed upon the un- 
assigned list. Col. Whittemore was named a member 
of the new State Highway Commission June 29th, 1920. 
by Governor Edwards. He is a Republican and his 
term_ will expire in 1922. 

THOMAS EDWARD COLLINS, Elizabeth. 

Mr. Collins was born November 7t.h, 18S1, at Mauch 
Chunk, in the State of Pennsylvania. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Pottsville, attended the 
United States Naval Academy at Annapolis for three 
years, and later took a post-graduate course in high- 
way engineering at Columbia College, New York City. 
He was elected City Engineer of .the City of Elizabeth 
in 1914, and has held that office ever since. Prior to 
coming to Elizabeth, he was employed as an engineer 
in the New York City Highway Department and later 
was associated with the Engineering Department of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad, Philadelphia Division. 
After several years' service in that department he was 
transferred to the engineering staff on the construc- 
tion of the Pennsylvania tunnels under the East River, 
New York. Tliree j-ears later he was appointed to the 
State Board of Taxations and Valuations of Rail- 
roads and Canals in the State of New Jersey. Mr. Col- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 391 

lins is a mem'Oer of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers, American Society of Municipal Improve- 
ments and is a Past Exalted Ruler of the Elizabeth 
Lodge of Elks. He lives at 46 Palisade Road, Eliza- 
beth, and was named to the State Highway Commis- 
sion by Governor Edwards June 29th, 1920. His term 
expires in 1924. He is a Democrat. 

GEORGE PADDOCK, Newark. 

Mr. Paddock was born at Albany, X. Y., April 22d. 
1862, and attended the grammar and high schools of 
his native city. He is in the automobile business anA 
claims to have been the first dealer of this kind in 
New Jersey. As a pioneer autoist he holds the record 
for having driven an automobile longer than any other 
person in the State. He was one of the organizers of 
the first auto club in New Jersey and was the first 
president of the original Automobile Dealers' Associa- 
tion of New Jersey and also of the national organiza- 
tion. Together with the late George J. Blakeslee and 
Walter E. Ellis he was a member of the committee of 
three charged with the work of having the referen- 
dum of 1916 providing for the Egan Road Bond Issue 
adopted by the people of the State, which was accom- 
plished by a handsome majority of 89,250. Mr. Pad- 
dock was also one of the committee of fifteen which 
worked for the passage by the New Jersey Legislature 
of a bill providing for automobile reciprocity, and took 
an active part in organizing the recent State Automo- 
bile Dealers' Association. He Avas appointed to the 
new State Highway Commission by Governor Edwards 
June 29th, 1920, as a Democrat His term expires in 
1923. 

CHARLES B. SEABROOK, Bridgeton. 

Mr. Seabrook was born May 28th, 1881, in Hopewell 
Township, Cumberland county, and was educated in 
the public schools of his native county. He is a farmer 
by calling and has served as a member of the Board 
of Managers of the State Agricultural College, a di- 
rector of the State Chamber of Commerce and a direc- 
tor of the Bridgeton Chamber of Commerce. He is 
prcsSident of rhe Seabrook Farms Company, which 
operates the largest intensive farm with the greatest 
single acreage under overhead irrigation in the world. 
13 



392 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Seabrook is also president of the Seabrook Com- 
pany, which owns and operates one of the largest 
apple orchards in the United States and the largest in 
the east. He is also president of the National Farm- 
ing Corporation. He was appointed a member of the 
State Highway Commission in December, 1920, by 
Governor Edwards, and his term will expire in ]922. 

ALBERT SCOTT LINCOLN DOUGHTY, Mt. Holly. 

Mr. Doughty was born at Marlton, Burlington 
County, May 8'th, 1861. He was educated at Penning- 
ton Seminary and the University of Michigan, Ann 
Arbor. For fifteen years he has been engaged in the 
coal and lumber business and was formerly a travel- 
ing salesman. From 1899 to 1902 Mr. Doughty was 
under sheriff of Burlington county and in 1917 was 
named by Governor Edge a member of the Board of 
Managers of the State Home for Girls and served as 
president and treasurer of that body. He is a charter 
member of the Mt. Holly Lod'ge, B. P. O. E., No. 848, 
and is also a member of Camden DoCge, No. 8967, Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America. Upon the reorganization of 
the State Highway Commission he was appointed to 
the new commission by Governor Edwards on June 
29th, 1920, and until December was the only South 
Jersey representative on that body, having jurisdic- 
tion in highway matters over all the territory from 
Middlesex down to Cape May County. In politics he is 
a Republican. His term expires in 1921. 

GEORGE LEE BURTON, New Brunswick. 

Mr. Burton was born at New Brunswick, N. J., July 
10th, 1888, and Is a lawyer. He w^as graduated from 
the New Brunswick High School in 1905, attended New 
York Law School, and was studemt, first, with Alfred 
S. March, of New Brunswick, and later with Spencer 
Weart, Jersey City. He was admitted to the bar 
March 17th, 1911, and immediately opened a law office 
in New Brunswick. He was elected special counsel 
of the' Board of Health of that city September 1st, 1912. 
Mr. Burton was elected to the Assembly on the Demo- 
cratic ticket in 1912 and 1913 and served during the 
legislative sessions of 1913 and 1914. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 393 

Mr. Burton is at present mayor of South River and 
'has served as county counsel of Middlesex county. 

Mr. Burton's term as a member of the State Highway 
Commission expires in 1921. 

THOMAS J. WASSER, Jersey City, State Highway 
Engineer. 

Mr. Wasser was born in Philadelphia, Pa., January 
24th, 1871. He attended the Philadelphia Manual 
Training School and also took a private course in 
engineering and is a civil engineer iby profession. His 
experience in highway construction dates back to the 
nineties when he entered the employ of B. M. and J. 
F. Shanley Company, of Newark, which concern was 
engaged in macadam and telford road construction. 
Later he became associated with the Sanford and Still- 
man Company, general contractors and bridge build- 
ers. From 1903 to 1913 he was with the Robert W. 
Hunt Company engineering bureau and was engaged 
on county eng^ineering work assignments in Hudson 
county. During this period Mr. Wasser was the engi- 
neer in charge in the construction of ithe Fourteenth 
Street Viaduct in Hoboken and jointly with James 
Owen, of Newark, was enginer in charge of the recon- 
struction of the Lincoln Highway between Hudson and 
Essex counties. In 1913 he became County Engineer 
of. Hudson county and during that period designed and 
supervised most of the construction of the Newark 
turnpike, which is now nearing completion. In July, 
1920, he relinquished his position as county engineer 
when elected by the reorganized State Highway Com- 
mission to be State Highway Engineer in charge of 
the State's road construction program. Mr. Wasser is 
an associate member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers and a member of the following organiza- 
tions: American Road Builders' Association, Amer- 
ican Society of Municipal Improvements, National 
Highway Traffic Association, American Association of 
Engineers and American Association of State High- 
way Officials. 

A. LEE GROVER. Trenton, Chief Clerk and Secretary 

Mr. Grover was born at Hutchinson's Mills, Mercer 
county, near Trenton, New Jersey, April 19th, 1889, and 
is the son of Elmer E. and Laura W. Grover. His early 



394 BIOGRAPHIES. 

life was spent on the farm, and his entire life has been 
spent within the boundaries of Mercer county. He 
acquired his education in the public schools of the 
county, and also attended the Rider-Moore & Stewart 
School of Business, in Trenton, from which institution 
he graduated in 1907, and at once took up a clerical 
career. In 1911 he engaged in the electrical contract- 
ing business, until April 13th, 1913, when he accepted 
a position with the Department of Public Roads, under 
Colonel E. A. Stevens, State Road Commissioner, as ac- 
countant. He acquired an intimate knowledge of State 
and county highway financing and law and was pro- 
moted to the post of Chief Clerk. On the reorganiza- 
tion of the State Highway Department, under the di- 
rection of General George W. Goethals, as provided 
under the "Edge Road Act" of 1917, he was appointed 
Chief Clerk of the Department, and Secretary to the 
State Highway Commission, on recommendation of 
General Goethals. 

Mr. Grover is a member of Fraternal Lodge, No. 13'J, 
F. & A. M. ; Palestine Commandery, K. T., and Crescent 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. 

EDWARD E. REED, Assistant State Highway Engi- 
neer, Trenton. 

Mr. Reed was born in Trenton, New Jersey, on Au- 
gust 3d, 1884. He was educated in the public schools 
and attended the School of Industrial Arts of Trenton. 
Practically all of his life has been devoted to public 
work, he having first been employed in the City Engi- 
neer's office at Trenton; later with the County Engi- 
neer's office, and on July 1st, 1909, he accepted the post 
of Assistant Supervisor of Roads, in the New Jersey 
Department of Public Roads. This title was later 
changed to that of Division Engineer, and he was 
placed in charge of the construction and repair work 
in the Central New Jersey counties. Mr, Reed was 
appointed Assistant State Highway Engineer on April 
1st, 1918, for a term of five years. 

He is a member of Princeton Lodge, No. 38, F. & A. 
M. ; Lawrence Township Home Guard and Spartacus 
Lodge, No. 10, K. of P. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 395 

State Board of Institutions and Agencies. 

OGDEN HAGGERTY HAMMOND, President, Bernards- 

ville. 

Mr. Hammond was born at Louisville, Kentucky, Oc- 
tober 13th, 1869, and is an insurance broker. He was 
graduated at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1889 and at 
Yale University 1893. He entered business at Superior, 
Wisconsin, in 1893, and was an alderman of that city 
for two years, 1896-98. In 1907 moved to Bernardsville 
Avhere he has since resided. He was First Lieutenant 
of Company I, Third Regiment, Wisconsin National 
Guard, three years, 1894-96. 

Mr. Hammond served two years in the New Jersey 
House of Assembly from Somerset county — 1915-16 — 
and took an active part in legislation. He is now 
Treasurer of the State Republican Committee, a posi- 
tion he has occupied since 1917. 

Governor Edge, on February 28th, 1918, nominated 
Mr. Hammond as a member of the State Board of 
Charities ajid Corrections and he was promptly con- 
firmed by the Senate. His term will expire June 
30th, 1923. 

DWIGHT WHITNEY MORROW, Englewood. 

Mr. Morrow was born January 11th, 1873, at Hunt- 
ington, West Virginia, and is a member of the firm of 
J. P. Morgan & Co., 23 Wall street, New York City. 
Formerly he was a member of the law firm of Simpson, 
Thacher & Bartlett, 62 Cedar street, New York City. 

Mr. Morrow was graduated from Amherst College in 
1895, with the A.B. degree, and from the Columbia 
University Law School in 1899 with the LL.B. degree. 
He was a member of the New Jersey Prison Inquirj* 
Commission, succeeding William B. Dickson as its 
chairman on July 17th, 1917. On February 28th, 1918, 
he was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections by Governor Edge and con- 
firmed by the Senate for a term ending June 30th, 
1919. He is now chairman of that Board. He was re- 
appointed by Governor Edge and his term expires in 
1927. 



396 FJIOGRAPHIES. 

Mr. Morrow was director of the "War Savings cam- 
paign for New Jersey until July 11th, 1918, when he 
resigned to take up important Government work in 
Europe. He is also a trustee of Amherst College, 
President of the Englewood Free Public Library and of 
the Englewood Civic Association. 

FRANK A. FETRIDGE. 

Mr. Fetridge was born in Quincy, Mass.. July 5th. 
1857, and was educated in t'ne public schools of that 
city. After leaving school he learned the lathing trade, 
which he has followed ever since. 

In 1879 Mr. Fetridge came to Newark and at once 
became active in the Knights of Labor, and in 1899, 
when the Wood, Wire and Metal Lathers' International 
Union was organized, he became an active worker in 
same, both locally and internationally, serving two 
terms as International Vice-President during 1904- 
1905, and again during 1915-1916, and also two terms 
as International Organizer. At present he is serving 
as Secretary of the New Jersey State Council of 
Lathers and is Financial Secretary of Local No. 102 of 
Newark, of which local he also served twelve years as 
Business Representative. 

He is also connected with the Essex Trades Council 
and Building Trades Council of Newark, in which or- 
ganization he is an untiring and active worker, having 
served as president of both councils on different oc- 
casions. He also served two terms as Vice-President 
of the New Jersey State Federation of Labor and as 
Vice-President of the State Building Trades Council 
for four years and Secretary for one year. Mr. Fet- 
ridge was also connected with the Newark Board of 
Health for eight years, four years of which he was 
Superintendent of the Contagious Disease Hospital. 

Always taking an active interest in public affairs and 
institutions, and being liberal in thought and action, 
he was twice a candidate for the Assembly but was 
defeated on both occasions. 

His appointment as a member of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections as the representative of or- 
ganized labor is the first public office ever held by 
him. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 397 

Besides these activities he helped to org-anize the 
Trades Union Anti-Tuberculosis Association of New- 
ark, of which organization he served two years as Sec- 
retary, and is now serving as the President of that 
popular charity organization. His term will expire 
June 30th, 1928. 

ELLIS P. EARLE, Montclair. 

Mr. Earle was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., in September, 
1860, and is engaged in the business of minerals and 
metals. He has never held public office. He was ap- 
pointed a member of the Board of Charities and Cor- 
rections by Governor Edge February 28th, 1918, for a 
term ending June 30th, 1922, and confirmed by the 
Senate. 

GERALDINE LIVINGSTON THOMPSON (Mrs. Lewis 
S. Thompson), Red Bank, N. J. 

Mrs. Thompson was born in New York City March 
2d, 1872. She has been President of the Monmouth 
County Branch of the State Charities Aid and Prison 
Reform Association (now the Monmouth County Or- 
ganization for Social Service) for several 3'ears. 

She has lived twenty-two years at Brookdale Farm, 
Monmouth county; is a member of the Legislative 
Committee of the New Jersey Women's Federated 
Clubs and County Chairman of the "Women's Commit- 
tee of the Council of National Defense. Mrs. Thomp- 
son is thoroughly interested in school matters and 
the farming interests of the county and State. 

She was appointed a member of the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections by Governor Edge February 
28th, 1918, for a term ending June 30th, 1925, and was 
confirmed by the Senate. 

CAROLINE B. WITTPENN, Jersey City. 

Mrs. Wittpenn, who was born in Hoboken, N. J., is 
a daughter of Edwin A. and Martha Bayard Stevens 
and a member of the Castle Point (Hoboken) Stevens 
family. She is the wife of Henry Otto Wittpenn, now 
Naval Officer of the Port of New York and former 
Mayor of Jersey City. He was the Democratic candi- 
date for Governor of New Jersey in 1916. 



398 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Mrs. Wittpenn has made a distinguished record as a 
promoter of charitable institutions in New Jersey and 
the saving of youth of the State for honorable and 
self-supporting activities in life. Through her energy 
the State Board of Ohildrens' Guardians was origi- 
nated, and she was deeply interested in the successful 
movement for the establishment of the State Reforma- 
tory at Rah way. She secured legislation which 
brought about the appointment of a State Probation 
Officer, and that was a forerunner to the creation of 
courts for the trial of juvenile delinquents. 

In O.ctober, 1918, Governor Edge appointed Mrs. 
Wittpenn a member of the State Board of Cliarities 
and Corrections. Her term expires in 1926. 

JOSEPH M. BYRNE, Newark. 

Mr. Byrne was born in Newark, N. J., October, 1861. 
His early education was received in the Newark local 
schools, and in 1879 he was graduated from Notre 
Dame University, Indiana. Mr. Byrne was a former 
Assemblyman from Essex county for two terms, was 
also a member of the Board of Street and Water Com- 
missioners of Newark, N. J., for one term. Mr. Byrne 
is president of the Joseph M. Byrne Co., general in- 
surance corporation, with main office at Newark. He 
is also the senior member of J. M. Byrne & Co., mem- 
bers of the N. Y. Stock Exchange, 60' Broadway, N. 
Y. City; is a director of the Union National Bank, 
Newark, N. J., and vice-president U. S. Savings Bank, 
Newark, and a director of the Newark Fire Insurance 
Company. On May 10th, 1919, he was appointed by 
Governor Edge a member of the State Board of Insti- 
tutions and Agencies. His term expire3 in 1921. 

P. WALLACE ARMSTRONG, Moorestown. 

Mr. Armstrong, who resides at Moorestown, N. J., is 
head of the F. W^. Armstrong Company, an extensive 
advertising agency, witli offices in the North Amer- 
ican Building, Philadelphia. He is a brother of for- 
mer Judge E. Ambler Armstrong, who was Speaker of 
the New Jersey Assembly in 1885 and 1886. 

Mr. Armstrong's term as a member of the Depart- 
ment of Institutions and Agencies v^^ill expire in 1924. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 399 

Commissioner of Institutions and Agencies. 

BURDETTE G. LEWIS, Princeton. 

Mr. Lewis was born at Jamestown, Pa., January 1st, 
1882. He is a graduate of the University of Nebraska; 
was special scholar in economics at the University of 
"Wisconsin and held the President White Fellowship 
in Political Science for two years at Cornell University. 
At the latter institution he was associated with Pro- 
fessor J. W. Jenks when the professor was serving as 
a member of the International Monetary Commission 
which introduced a new currency system into the Phil- 
ippines for the United States. Later, Mr. Lewis held 
an important position with the Interstate Commerce 
Commission, and in 1907 was appointed Statistician of 
the Public Service Commission, First District. 

Subsequently he became assistant to John Purroy 
aiitchell, when President of the New York Board of 
Aldermen, and as such served as a member of the sub- 
committee which made up the New York City budget. 

During- Mayor Gajnor's administration he was di- 
rector of the Board of Estimate's investigation of the 
New York public schools; also as director of the Sink- 
ing Fund Commission's study of t'ae sale of real estate 
in the city of New York. 

In 1913 Mr. Lewis was appointed First Deputy Com- 
missioner of Corrections of the city of New York, and 
in 1915 became commissioner of that department. 

During the early part of 1918 he served as executive 
assistant of the vice-president and general manager of 
the Air Nitrates Corporation, organizing the govern- 
ment for its very large industrial city at Muscle 
Shoals, Alabama, and organized the self-compensation 
insurance system for the 20,000 employes of that cor- 
poration. 

In May, 1918, Mr. Lewis was appointed Commissioner 
of Charities and Corrections for New Jersey. . 



Board of Siiell Fisheries. 

GEORGE A. MOTT, Director. Tuckerton. 
Mr. Mott was born at Tuckerton, N. J.. July 2d, 
lSfi4. and attended the public schools until he was 
eighteen years of age, when he went to Atlantic City, 



400 BIOGRAPHIES. 

where he worked as clerk in a grocery store for two 
years, after which he conducted a grocery business at 
Beach Haven, N. J., for eight years during which 
time he engaged in the planting and shipping of 
oysters. He was named as a member of the first 
oyster commission for the State of New Jersey by 
an act of the Legislature of 1893, and although a 
Democrat, he was renamed by an act of the Legis- 
lature of 1896, and was appointed by Governor Voor- 
hees in 1899, and by Governor Murphy in 1902, and 
served' as a member and secretary of the commission 
during the twelve years of its existence. It was 
largely due to his efforts that the scientific study 
of oyster propagation was taken up by Professor 
Julius Nelson in 1900, and as there was no appro- 
priation made by the Legislature for that purpose, 
he furnishedi and maintained a suitable station for 
experimental purposes, also oysters, boats, floats, etc.. 
for the use of the biologist and assisted him per- 
sonally in his experimental work. In 1912, he was 
appointed oyster superintendent for the district of 
Ocean county by Governor Wilson and re-appointed 
by Governor Fielder in 1915, His selection as di- 
rector of shell fisheries was made unanimous by the 
Board of Shell Fisheries July 1st, 1915. 



Department of "Weights and Measures. 

FRANK WANSER, State Superintendent. 

Mr. Wanser was born at New Brunswick, N. J., April 
5th, 1861; son of Colonel Jarvis Wanser and Sarah 
Elizabeth Wanser. He removed with his parents to 
Trenton, N. J., in 1874, and received his education in 
the public schools of New Brunswick and Trenton. The 
family removed to Vineland, N. J., in 1878, where they 
have since resided. 

In 1879, he embarked in the real estate and insur- 
ance business with his father, and has been actively 
engaged in the real estate line ever since. In 1884, 
in connection with this business, he became special 
agent and adjuster for New Jersey and Eastern Penn- 
sylvania for a Boston fire insurance company. 

He was a page in the New Jersey House of Assembly 
in 1874, and in New Jersey Senate in 1875 and 1876, and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 401 

was bookkeeper in Government Publication Depart- 
ment, House of Representatives, at Washington, during 
the fifty-fourth Congress. 

Mr, Wanser was postmaster at Vineland from March 
15th, 1902, to July 15th, 1910, when he resigned to de- 
vote his entire time to real estate operations; has 
always taken an active interest in politics and has 
been affiliated with the Republican party from the time 
of his first vote. 

Governor Edge appointed Mr. "Wanser Superintendent 
of Weights and Measures February 27th, 1917, and he 
was confirmed by the Senate on March 6th. His term 
is five years. 



State Architect. 

FRANCIS H. BENT, Bound Brook. 

Mr. Bent was born in Dorchester District, Boston, 
Mass., June 18th, 1868; educated at Boston public 
schools and was graduated from Dorchester High 
School in 1885. He moved to New York City in fall of 
1887; studied architecture with prominent architects in 
Boston and New York City, also in Europe. He re- 
turned from abroad in 1895 and was associated with 
the well-known firm of Rossiter & Wright, architects, 
until 1905. He was associate architect for Depart- 
ment of Charities and Corrections for about eight 
years, resigning in March, 1913, to resume private prac- 
tice. A portion of the time while with the depart- 
ment he had entire charge of the architectural work, 
and while with the State, designed among other build- 
ings, the Battery A Armory, East Orange; Battery B 
Armory, Camden; Battalions' Armory, Elizabeth; 1st 
Troop Cavalry Armory, Roseville; and State Normal 
School, Montclair Heights. 

Upon the separation of the architectural work of the 
State from the Department of Charities and Correc- 
tions, the Department of Architecture was created and 
he was appointed State Architect, April 1st, 1917, by 
Governor Edge. He has been a resident of New Jersey 
for over twenty-five years. His term of office is five 
years. 



402 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Ciistodiiin of the Capitol. 

JOHN A. SMITH, Haddon Heights. 

Mr. Smith has been a life-long resident of Camden 
L-oiinty, u hei'B he was bom in the city of Camden. 
August 3d, 1861, and lived until 1907 when he moved 
frum the Soutli Jersey Metropolis to Haddon Heights, 
one of its suburbs. He was educated in the public 
schools of his home city and after a business college 
education, he began life as a clerk and salesman and 
later established a wholesale and retail merchandise 
business, which he conducted in Camden for several 
years. 

Later he dealt in real estate and conducted a general 
brokerage line until May, 1913, when he was ap- 
pointed by Comptroller Edwards to the position of 
assistant auditor, which position he held until July 
15th, 1914, when he was appointed custodian of the 
State House, to take effect on August 15th, 1914. Dur- 
ing the interval between his appointment and as- 
sumption of the duties of the ofRce, the new custodian 
fuliy familiarized himself with all the duties ap- 
pertaining to the position, which his wide and varied 
experience in a business and professional way makes 
him pecul arly adapted to fill. 

The custodian has always been active in Demo- 
cratic affairs, and served as a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee from his home county for 
three years. His salary is $3,500 a year. 



Coniniissioner of Public Reports. 

WILLIAM A. SWEENEY, Red Bank. 

Mr. Sweeney was born at Wickatunk, in Monmouth 
county, N. J., June 26th, 1875. In 1888 he moved to 
Atlantic Highlands with his parents, and after ac- 
quiring the equivalent of a present high school educa- 
tion he entered the mechanical department of the 
Monmouth Press. A few years later he went w'ith a 
new paper started at Atlantic Highlands, called the 
Journal, and before attaining his majority was local 
editor of that publication under A. C. Hart, a well- 
known Monmouth county newspaper man. From the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 403 

Journal Mr. Sweeney went with the Red Bank Regis- 
ter, and was a reporter on that paper for about nirje 
years. In 1906 he formed a company for the purchase 
of the Red Bank Standard, and has since been editor 
of that paper and president of the company which 
publishes it. 

Mr. Sweeney was Assistant Journal Clerk of the 
Assembly in 1916 and has served as Assessment Com- 
missioner in his home town. He w^as chairman of the 
Monmouth County Republican Executive Committee in 
1913 and for- ten years was chairman of the Red Bank 
Republican Executive Committee. 

He was appointed Commissioner of Public Reports 
by Governor Edge for a term of five years, beginning 
March 3d, 1919. The salary is $2,000 a year. 



Secretary to 'the Governor. 

J. HARRY FOLEY, Jersey City. 

Mr. Foley was born in Jersey City, N. J., February 
2d, 1881, educated in local schools, started in business 
life at the age of thirteen in the N. Y. Produce Ex- 
change, then went into the steam heating contracting 
business; from there to the Colonial Life Insurance 
Company, and in 1908 took position in the City Hall, 
Jersey City, as Assistant Deputy Treasurer; in 1912 
was made City Cashier, holding that position until 
appointed to his present position. In politics always 
a Democrat. 

He is a life member and an officer of Jersey City 
Lodge, No. 211, B. P. O. Elks; also member of Jersey 
City Council, Knights of Columbus, and an officer in 
same council. In 1912 he married Clare Marie Bailey, 
of Jersey City; has had four children, one dead, three 
girls living. Father was John B. Foley, of Goshen, N. 
Y. Mother, still living, Agnes Hallahan, Chester, N. Y. 



Executive Clerk. 

JOHN J. FARRELL, Trenton. 
Mr. Farrell was born in New York city, August 31st, 
■ S64, and has been a resident of the State of New Jer- 
sey since he was tliree years of age. He is a news- 



404 . BIOGRAPHIES. 

paper man by profession, and was State Riparian Com- 
missioner from 1899 to 1904. During that period the 
courts set aside as void the attempt of the Legislature 
to divert State lands, which now form the nucleus of 
tlie School Fund, to other purposes. For many years 
prior to that and since he has been a legislative cor- 
respondent, the line in which he was engaged when ap- 
pointed Executive Clerk to fill a vacancy, the second 
which occurred in that office in forty-seven years, on 
February 20th, 1913. 



Chief Auditor. 

HARRY B. SALTER, Trenton. 

Col. Salter was born in Brookville, Hunterdon county, 
New Jersey, June 4th, 1873, and removed to Trenton 
with his parents in 1880. He is a direct descendant 
of Richard Salter, Justice of the Supreme Court of 
New Jersey during the Colonial period, and James 
Salter, who was State Treasurer in the early part 
of the last century. He received his education in the 
grammar and high schools of this city, and entered 
the newspaper profession in 1888. Fo'r several years 
he was employed on local newspapers and Trenton 
correspondent for New York and Philadelphia papers. 
In 1894 he was appointed Deputy City Clerk by C. Ed- 
ward Murray, which position he held until his election 
as City Clerk, January 1st, 1904. He was re-elected 
January 1st, 1907 and 1910, and held the position 
until August, 1912. He was secretary of the Chamber 
of Commerce from 1914 to April, 1917, when he was 
appointed to his present position by Comptroller Bug- 
bee. 

Col. Salter has been identified with most of the pub- 
lic movements in Trenton for many years and is also 
Lieutenant-Colonel Quartermaster on the staff of 
Quartermaster General C. Edward Murray. He was 
originally commissioned Captain and Quartermaster, 
second Regiment, N. G. N. J., and successively there- 
after Major, Second Brigade, and Deputy Quartermas- 
ter General. 

He is a member of Trenton Lodge No, 5, F. & A. M. ; 
Scottish Rite, Benevolent and Protective Order of 



BIOGRAPHIES. 405 

Elks, National Union, Republican Club and other social 
organizations. In 1895 he married Ida M. Taylor, 
daughter of W. Scott Taylor. 



Secretary of the Senate. 

WILLIAM H. ALBRIGHT, Woodbury. 

Mr. Albright was born at Elmer, Salem county, N. J., 
December 20th, 1875. He received his early education 
in the schools of Camden city and at the age of six- 
teen entered the newspaper profession. He was for 
twelve years on the reportorial stafE of the Philadel- 
phia Ledger, and for the past nineteen years has been 
associated with his father, Louis W. Albright, in the 
publishing and printing business in Woodbury. Mr. 
Albright has been active iu Gloucester county politics 
for the past twenty years. He was for several years 
secretary and treasurer of the Republican County Com- 
mittee and is at present secretary of the New Jersey 
Republican State Committee and has taken an active 
part in the counsels of his party. He was the president 
of the Red Bank Battle Monument Commission which 
erected the handsome shaft on the Delaware for the 
State, and is a member of numerous social and fra- 
ternal organizations. He was chosen Secretary of the 
Senate in 1918, 1919. 1920 and again in 1921. 



Clerk of the House. 

UPTON SAGER JEFFERYS, Camden. 

Mr. Jefferys comes of a line of native Jersey folks 
dating back to the Colonial period. One of his pa- 
ternal ancestors was among the original settlers of 
Connecticut Farms in East Jersey; on the maternal 
side were early settlers of Gloucester county. He was 
born in Trenton while his father, the Rev. William H. 
Jefferys, wa§ pastor of State Street M. E. Church. He 
attended the public schools, learned the printer's 
trade, became a reporter for Camden and Philadelphia 
dailies, was New Jersey editor of the Philadelphia In- 
quirer for nine years, and since 1900 has been editor 



406 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of the Camden Post-Telegram. He served in the New 
Jersey National Guard for sixteen years. As the first 
president of the Camden Board of Playground Com- 
niissioners he put the municipal playgrounds and 
recreation centers on a permanent basis, and he 
helped to revise the playground laws of the State. 
His legislative experience began as a correspondent, 
then he was secretary to Speaker William J. Bradley, 
served as Assistant Clerk of the House for several 
terms, and was chosen Clerk in 1912. '15. '16, '17, 'IS. 
'20 and '21. During United States Senator David Baird's 
term, ending March 4th, 1919, Mr. Jefferys acted as his 
secretary at Washington. He is arnember and ex- 
president of the Legislative Correspondents' Club, 
member of the New Jersey Press Association, the Pen 
and Pencil Club, Philadelphia; Camden Lodge, No. 293, 
B. P. O. E., and of other political and social organiza- 
tions. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 407 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished in the State of New Jersey, town and county where 
published, time of publication, political or special char- 
acter, and names of editors and publishers : 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

NEWS — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Wednesday. Re- 
publican. Frank O. Breder, publisher. 

riLOT-TRIBUNE — Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Henry Gries. editor and publisher. 

SOUTH JERSEY REPUBLICAN— Hammonton. Woekly. on 
Saturday. Republican. Hoyt & Son, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

SOUTH JERSEY STAR — Hammonton. Weekly. Independ- 
ent. Thomas B Delker. editor and pnhlisber. 

ATLANTIC CITY GAZETTE-REVIEW— Atlantic City. 
Daily, except Sunday. Republican. Gazette-Review Co. 
James M. Healev, editor. 

ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS— Atlantic City. Daily, 
every morning, except Sunday. Independent. Press Union 
Publishing Co. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY RECORD— Mays * Landing. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. Ira T. B. Smith, editor. 

EVENING UNION— Atlantic City. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. Press Union Publishing Co. 

SUNDAY GAZETTE— Atlantic City. Wenkly, on Sunday. 
Republican. Gazette-Review Co. James M. Healey, 
editor. 

PLEASANTVILLE PRESS— Pleasantville. Weekly. on 
Wednesday. Republican. S. E. Whitman & Sons, pro- 
prietors. B. E. Whitman, editor. 

VENTNOR NEWS — Ventnor City (Atlantic City). Woekly. 
on Saturday. Independent. J. Frank Peters. 

LABOR ADVOCATE— Atlantic City. Weekly. L. M. Ilerr- 
man, editor and owner. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

THE EVENING RECORD— Ilackensack. Evoninsr. Tnde 

pendent. Evening Record Publishing Company, publishers. 

James M. Smith, editor. 
THE HACKENSACK REPUBLI-'AN— Hackensack. Weekly. 

on Thursday. Republican. Eugene K. Bird, editor and 

publisher. 



408 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

BERGEN DAILY NEWS — Hackensack. Daily. Republican. 
Bergen Daily News, Inc. Every afternoon except Sundays. 
Evan G. Runner, general manager. Hugh C. O'Reilly, 
editor. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSE (German) — Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. August Moench, 
editor. 

THE ENGLEWOOD PRESS — Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE BERGEN RECORD— Tenafly. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. Tenafly Publishing Company. J. Z. Dem- 
arest. editor. 

THE NEWS — Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. Franklin 
Fisher, editor and publisher. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. H. Storms and John C. 
Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD REPUBLICAN, AND RUTHERFORD 
AMERICAN — Rutherford. Weekly, on Saturday. Ruther- 
ford Publishing Company. Republican. Frank P. New- 
man, editor. 

THE ENTERPRISE— East Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. The Petrie Press, publisher. 
William Eisenrauch. editor. 

THE SENTINEL— Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. J. N. Race, publisher. 

THE NEWS-LETTER— Hasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chf.mberlain. editor and publisher. 

RIDGEFIELD PARK BULLETIN— Weekly, on Thursday 
Independent. Charles Enders. editor. 

RIDGEWOOD HERALD — Weekly, on Thursday. Republl 
can. Brainard G. Smith, editor and proprietor. 

THE RAMSEY JOURNAI^-Ramsey. Weekly, on Thursday 
Republican. John Y. Dater, editor and proprietor. 

THE SATURDAY REVIEW— Bergenfleld. Weekly. Inde 
pendent. The Bergenfleld Press. Wm. R. and Milton O 
Jones. Jr.. proprietors. William R. Jones, editor. 

THE REVIEW — Ridgefield Park. Weekly, on Thursday 
James E. Williams, editor and proprietor. 

PALISADIAN — Palisades. Weekly. Democratic. Charles T 
Losan. editor and owner. 

SOUTH BERGEN EAGLE — Lyndhurst. Weekly, on Friday, 
Democratic. Max L. Simon, editor and proprietor. 

GARFIELD NEWS — Garfield. AA'eekly. on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Max L. Simon, editor and proprietor. 

THE GARFIELD GUARDIAN— Garfield. Weekly. In- 
dependent. Ralph W. Chandless, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 409 

WESTWOOD CHRONICLE — Westwood. Weekly. . Inde- 
pendent. James B. H. and John C. Storms, publishers. 

INTERBORO NEWS — Teaneck. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Bergen County Publishing Co., publishers. I'aul 
A. Schneider, editor. 

BOROUGH NEWS — Edgewater. Saturday. Independent. 
R. F. T'ndpi-wood. editor. 

NORTH BERGEN WEEKLY — Westwood. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. William A. Kinsley, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MESSENGER— Bogota. Weekly, on Saturday. Re- 
publican. Bogota Publishing Company, William St. John 
Tozer, president. 

INDEPENDENT — Lodi. Saturday. Democratic. Max L. 
Simon, editor and proprietor. 

REVIEW — Wallington. Saturday. Democratic. Max L. 
Simon, editor and proprietor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR— Mount Holly. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD — Mount Holly. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. Sleeper & LaTour, publishers. 

NEWS — Mount Holly. Weekly, on l\iesday. Republican. 
H. L. Walters and Joseph C. Kingdon. proprietors. J. 
C. Kingdon. editor. 

BURLINGTON GAZETTE— Burlington. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. James M. Davis, publisher. 

THE DAILY ENTERPRISE— Burlington. Daily, in the 
afternoon. Republican. Joseph R. Cheesman, president 
and editor. 

BORDENTOWN REGISTER— Bordentown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. James D. Magee. editor. 

BEVERLY BANNER— Beverly. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE AND REPUBLICAN — 
Moorestown. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. W. J. 
Lovell, editor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS— Riverside. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Hiram D. Torrie, Jr., editor and 
proprietor. 

THE NEW ERA— Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton. Walter L. Bowen, editor. 

THE WET]KLY NEWS — Palmyra. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Frank E. Chambers, editor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD— Marlton and Medford. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Independent. Central Record Publishing 
Company. Charles F. Clymer, editor. 



410 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

WEST JERSEY PRESS— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Sons' Company, pub- 
lisluM-s and pvoprictcrs. William II. Chew, editor. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM— Camden. Daily, in the af- 
ternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Company, pro- 
prietors. Upton S. Jefferys, editor. F. P. Patteison, Jr., 
manajrer. 

CAMDEN DAILY COURIER— Camden. Daily, in the after- 
noon. Republican. J. David Stern, editor. W. I. Tush- 
ingham, manager. 

THE CAMDEN TIMES— Camden. Weekly, on Thursday, 
Democratic. John J. Tischner, publisher. 

CAMDEN ARGUS AND EAST SIDE PRESS— Camden. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Thursday. William H. Jefferys, 
Sr., editor and publisher. 

MERCIIANTVILLE TIMES— Merchantville. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Herbert Freeman, editor and publisher. 

HADDON GAZETTE— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Iliester Clymer, publisher, and Victor H. Clymer. editor. 

WEEKLY RETROSPECT— Collingswood. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Collingswood Publishing Co., publishers. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

CAPE MAY STAR AND WAVE— Cape May City. Re- 
publican. Weekly, on Saturday. Star and Wave Pub- 
lishing Company. A. Leon Ewing, editor. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE — Cape May Court House. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. Alfred Cooper, editor 
and publisher. 

SENTINEL — Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Republi- 
can. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 

FIVE-MILE BEACH JOURNAL— Wildwood. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday. Jed Dubois, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN CITY LEDGER — Weekly, on Saturday. ProTiibition. 
New Jersey Methodist Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Rev. James E. Lake, editor. 

SUN-TRIBUNE — Wild\^ood. Weekly, on Saturday. Demo- 
cratic. Sun-Tribune Publishing Company. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY TIMES— Sea Isle City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent Republican. W. A. HafCert, editor. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON EVENING NEWS — Bridgeton. Independent. 
Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson, 
president. C. L. Snowden, general manager. 

BRIDGETON DAILY PIONEER— Bridaeton. Daily. Re- 
publican. George W. McCowan, publisher. H. L. Tyler, 
editor. 



NEW JKRSEY NEWSPAPERS. 411 

DOLLAR WEEKLY NEWS— Brldgeton. Independent. 

Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Compjiny, pub- 
lishers. 

TILE EVENINc; JOrRNAI^-A'inoland. Aftoruoou. Inde- 
pendent. Geo. C. Ladd. publisher. David W. Sigaloo, 
editor. 

MILLVILLE DAILY REPUBLICAN— Millville. Evening. Re- 
publican. Republican Publishing Company, publishers. W. 
E. Middleton, business manager. 

THE ADVERTISER— Port Norris. Weekly. Advertiser 
I'rinting Co., publishers. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS— Newark. Afternoon. Inde- 
pendent. Evening News Publishing Company. Wallace 
M. Scudder, publisher; Edward W. Scudder, editor. 

THE NEWARK STAR-EAGLE— Newark. Afternoon. In- 
dependent Republican. Newark Star Publishing Co. 
Nathaniel C. Wright, editor. H. S. Talmadge. president 
and general manager. 

NEWARK MORNING LEDGER— Newark. Morning and 
Sunday. Independent. !>. T. Russell, editor and pub- 
lisher. Frank Higgins. managing editor. 

NEW JERSEY FRETE ZEITUNG (German)— Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Republican. Washington Pub- 
lishing Company. .J. G. Nolan, president and treasurer : 
George Schierholz. secretary. 

THE SUNDAY CALL— Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. In- 
dependent. The Newark Call Printing and Publishing 
Company, publishers. G. Wisner Thorne. president and 
treasurer. James P. Logan, secretary. G. Wisner 
Thorne, Sandfox-d B. Hunt, Louis Hannoch. Frank .1. 
L^rquhart and James P. Logan, directors. G. Wisner 
Thorne, editor. 

UNION (Colored) — Orange. Saturday. Republienr George 
R. Pratt, editor. 

TOWN TALK — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
T. E. Burke and Herman E. L. Beyer, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

JUSTICE — Newark. Official publication New Jersey Fed- 
eration of Liquor Interests. First and third Thursdays, 
each month. J. H. Buckridge, editor. 

RAILROAD EMPLOYEE— Newark. Monthly. Benjamin E. 
Chapin, editor and publisher. 

THE MONITOR — Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Catholic. 
Very Rev. Wm. P. Cantwell, editor-in-chief. A. B. Ford, 
publisher. 

THE AMERICAN ISSUE— Newark. Weekly. Anti-Saloon. 
Samuel Wilson, editor. 



412 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

LA TRIBUNA — Newark. Weekly. Tribune Fublisliing 
Company, publisher. Olindo MarzuUi, editor. 

LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian)— Newark. 
Republican. Weekly, on Saturday. F. A. Flore, editor. 

THE REVIEW— LA RIVISTA (Italian and English)— New- 
ark. Weekly. Richard F. Mattia. proprietor. 

KRONIKA (Polish) — Newark. Semi-weekly. Political, in- 
dustrial and commercial. Kronika Publishing Company, 
proprietors. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER— Orange. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Orange Advertiser Publishing Com- 
pany. Robert Wright, president. F. C. Shann, editor. 

EAST ORANGE RECORD— East Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. L. C. Gillis, editor and publisher. 

THE INDEPENDENT PRESS— Bloomfield. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent Press, Inc., publishers. H. M, Su- 
plee, editor. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES — Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Established 1877 by A. C. Studer, editor and 
publisher. 

THE HERALD— Montclair. Weekly, on Saturday. Mont- 
clair Herald Company, publishers. Charles Henry Kin- 
ney, editor. 

THE CLINTON WEEKLY— Irvington. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. The Clinton Publishing Co. Walter S. 
Gray, managing editor 

THE ROSEVILLE CITIZEN — Newark. Weekly. The Cit- 
izens Publishing Co. R. W, Bennett, manager. Devoted 
to the interests of Roseville. 

THE HOME NE^VS — West Orange, South Orange and 
Maplewood. Weekly. Republican. Suburban Publish- 
ing Company. J. F. Kempson, editor. 

THE ITEM— Short Hills and Milburn. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. J. F. Kempson, editor and publisher. 

THE CALDWELL PROGRESS— Caldwell. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. The Progress Publishing Company. 
William H. Van Wart, editor and publisher. 

SUN — Nutley. Weekly, on Saturday. E. B. Foy, publisher. 
.Tohnson Fov. editor. 

THE BELLEVILLE TIMES— Belleville. Weekly. In- 
dependent. S. H. Blaydes, president and manager. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION — Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednesday. 
Republican. The Constitution Company, publishers. 
Louis W. Albright, editor. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Woodbury. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter & Son, editors 
and publishers. 

WEEKLY ITEM — Newfield. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. J. Hampton Leonard, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 413 

THE NEWS — Swedesboro. Weekly, on Friday. Republican, 

Wilbur Knight Sloan, editor and publisher. 
WOODBURY DAILY TIMES — Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent-Republican. J. Frank Wilson, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

THE HERALD AND SUN— Paulsboro. Weekly. Chas. W. 
Hawn, editor. 

PITMAN GROVE REVIEW— Pitman. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent Republican. Paul Peterson, editor. 

THE ENTERPRISE— Glassboro. Weekly. Independent. 
Glassboro Board of Education, proprietors. Elmer li. 
Woods, editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

THE JERSEY JOURNAI^— Jersey City. Afternoon. Re- 
publican. The Evening Journal Association, publishers. 
Joseph A. Dear, editor. 

HUDSON OBSERVER— Hoboken. Afternoon. Democratic, 
Hoboken Printing and Publishing Company, publishers. 
John P. McCormick, editor. 

BAYONNE HERALD — Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Estate of H. C. Page, publishers. Hugh II. 
Mara, editor. 

THE EVENING TIMES AND BAYONNE DAILY TIMES— 
Daily, except Sunday. Independent. Evening Times Print- 
ing and Publishing Company, proprietors. Herbert Martin, 
editor. 

BAYONNE EVENING NEWS — Bayonne. Afternoon. Re- 
publican. The Argus Press, Inc., publishers. L. E. Travis, 
editor. 

BAYONNE DEMOCRAT— Bayonne. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Michael R. Freel. editor and proprietor. 

HUDSON DISPATCH— Union Hill. Daily. Indeoendent 
Democratic. Dispatch Printing Company, publishers. 
Thomas. F. Martin, editor. 

KEARNY RECORD— Harrison. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Democratic. Philip A. McAviney, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE OBSERVER — Arlington. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. W. W. Beadell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

WEST HUDSON PRESS— Kearny. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. John J. Fagan, publisher. James J. Mc- 
Ateer. editor. 

HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German)— Town of Union. 
Democratic. Weekly, on Saturday. Robert Benning, 
owner. Paul E. Nehring, editor. 

NORTH HUDSON NEW^S— West Hoboken. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Dixie Anzer, editor and proprietor. 

THE LABOR REVIEW— Jersey City. Monthly. Kenneth 
N. Forbes, proprietor and editor, 2277 Boulevard, Jersey 
City. 



414 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT— Fleminston. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Democratic. Anthony Killgore, editor and 
proprietor. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER— Fleminj-ton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Mrs. A. T. Voorhees, estate. 

HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. W. A. Abbott, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE BEACON — Lambertville. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. J. N. Hazen. editor and proprietor. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD— Lambertville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Gordon Cooper, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE CLINTON DEMOCRAT— Clinton. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. Leon A. Carpenter, editor and 
publisher. 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT— Fronchtown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Independent Printing Company, 
publishers. Morgan T. Davy, editor. 

THE FRENCHTOWN STAR— Frenchtown. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. William H. Sipes, editor and 
publisher. 

MILFORD LEADER— Milford. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. W. II. Farrand. proprietor and editor. 

WEEKLY AVALANCHE — Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Democratic. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

TFIE HIGH BRIDGE GAZETTE— High Bridge. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Independent. High Bridge Printing Com- 
pany, proprietor. C. A. Vandegrii't. editor and manager. 

WEEKLY RE\'IEW — White House Station. Independent. 
F. R. Shampanore, publisher and editor. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE— Trenton. Daily. Independent Repub- 
lican. The State Gazette Publishing Company, proprietors. 
Charles H. Baker, business manasrer. 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES— Trenton. Afternoon. 
Independent. Trenton Times Company, publishers. James 
Kerney. editor. Owen Moon, Jr., business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL (German)— Tren- 
ton. Weekly. Republican. William Zenzer, editor and 
proprietor. 

SUNDAY TIMES-ADVERTISER— Trenton. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Independent. Trenton Times, proprietors. .lames 
Kei'ney. editor. Owen Moon. Jr.. business manager. 

TRADES UNTO.V ADVOCATE— Trenton. Weekly, Friday. 
Labor. Reuben Forker. editor and publisher. 

THE FUGGETLENSEG (Ilunecariau News) — Trenton. Hun- 
garian. Weekly. Independent. A. J. Orosz. proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 415 

HIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE— Hightstown. Werkly. on Thurs- 
day. Independent. George 1'. Dennis, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE DAILY rRFNCETONIAN — Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD — Hopewell. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Independent. E. V. Savidge, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE PACKET — Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday. Inde- 
pendent. Charles H. Tourette, editor and proprietor. ^ 

IL SECOLO XX (Italian) — Trenton. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. A. Pevilli, editor. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS — New Brunswick. Every afternoon, ex- 
cept Sunday. Independent. Home News Publishing Com- 
pany, proprietors. Hugh Boyd and E. B. Boyd, editors 
and publishers. 

THE SUNDAY TIMES — New Brunswick. Independent. 
Home News Publishing Company. George C. Ingling and 
Elmer B. Boyd, editors. 

THE EVENING NEWS— Perth Amboy. Daily. Independ- 
ent. Perth Amboy Evening News Company. J. Logan 
Clevenger, editor. 

THE NEW .JERSEY MOSQUITO— I'erth Amboy. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. H. E. Pickersgill, editor 
and puhlisher. 

THE LEADER— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Woodbridge Printery, publishers. Mark J. 
Boyle, editor. 

THE RECORDER— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. Charles A. Prickitt, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE ADVANCE— Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State School 
for Boys. F. L. Foster, editor. 

THE CITIZEN— South Amboy. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. South Amboy Printing Company, publishers. 

THE PRESS— Cranbury. Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 
George W. Burroughs, editor. Press Printing Company, 
proprietors. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALI.— Dunellen. Weekly, on 
Thursday. George W. Da v. editor. 

THE ROOSEVELT NEWS— Roosevelt. RepublJ-a-^ Weekly, 
on Friday. Published by The News Publishing Coni- 
pany. Thomas Yorke, mnnaeor. 

THE RARITAN INDEPENDENT— New Brunswick. Weekly. 
Mrs. O. R. Winfield, proprietor. 



416 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE SOUTH RIVER SPOKESMAN — South River. Weekly, 
on Friday. George Bowen and Samuel Cliristie, editors 
and publisliers. 

WOODBRIDGE INDEPENDENT — Woodbridge. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. Middlesex Press, publishei;s. Max- 
well Logan, editor. 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. Maxcy Applegate, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and man- 
ager. 

THE TRANSCRIPT — Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers and 
proprietors. 

RED BANK STANDARD — Red Bank. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. William A. Sweeney, editor. Standai'd 
Publishing Company, proprietors. 

RED BANK REGISTER — Red Bank. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Independent. John H. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KETi'PORT ENTERPRISE — Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. A. F. Walling, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT WEEKLY — Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. Pro- 
gressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown Estate, pro- 
prietors. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD— Long Branch. Daily. 
Independent. F. M. Taylor Publishing Company, 
owner. Guion P. Wilson, editor. 

THE MONMOUTH AMERICAN — Long Branch. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. Benjamin B. Bobbitt, editor and 
publisher. 

THE MATAWAN JOURNAI^— Matawan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Progressive Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown 
Estate, proprietors. 

THE SUNDAY PRESS— Asbury Park. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Independent. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and proprietor. 

ASBURY PARK PRESS AND EVENING NEWS— Asbury 
Park. Daily. Independent. J. L. Kinmonth, editor and 
proprietor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. J. E. Quinn, editor. 

THE COAST STAR — Manasquan. Weekly, on Friday. Re- 
publican. Tracy M. Iloskins. editor and proprietor. 

THE COAST ADVERTISER — Belmar. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Louis Barr, publisher. Robert M. Holmes, 
editor. 

THE JOURNAL— Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Indep(ndent. Berggren & Sou. owners. F. S. 
Berggren, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 417 

SPRING LAKE GAZETTE— Spring Lake Beach. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John L. Coffin, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

ALLENTOWN MESSENGER— Weekly, on Thursday. J. W. 
Naylor, editor and publisher. 

THE SEACOAST NEWS— Bradley Beach. Independent. 
Weekly, on Friday. C. Arthur Hall, editor and publisher. 

THE BEACON — Keansburg. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Benjamin F. S. Brown Estate, proprietors. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

THE JERSEYMAN— Morrlstown. Daily. Republican. The 
Jerseyman, Inc. George W. Patterson, Jr., editor. 

TRUE REPUBLICAN BANNER— Morristown. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. John W. Smith, treasurer ; True 
Republican Banner, Inc., publishers. 

MORRIS COUNTY PRESS— Morristown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. David King, editor. Press Printers & 
Publishers. Inc., publishers. 

THE DAILY RECORD — Morristown. Independent. Nor- 
man B. Tomlinson, owner and editor. 

DOVER INDEX — Dover. Weekly, on Thursday. Independ- 
ent-Democratic. M. M. and W. G. Hummel, owners. W. 
G. Hummel, editor. 

THE DOVER ADVANCE — Dover. Semi-weekly. Mondays 
and Thursdays. Republican. Harry R. Gill, editor and 
publisher. 

THE BULLETIN— Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samuel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 

THE TIMES — Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Independ- 
ent. Charles L. Grubb, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE— Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independent 
Republican. John E. Clarey. Jr., editor and publisher. 

THE RECORD — Rockaway. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Sidney Collins, editor and publisher. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE— Netcong. Independent. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. George T. Keech. editor and proprietor. 

CHATHAM PRESS — Chatham. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 

THE BUTLER ARGUS— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. A. 
M. MacLeod and J. White, editors and publishers. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

LAKEWOOD CITIZEN— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. In- 
dependent Republican. Harry T. Hagaman, editor and 
publisher. 

NEW JERSEY COURIER — Toms River. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. W. H. Fischer, editor and proprietor. 

NEW JERSEY TRIBUNE— Toms River. Weekly. Demo- 
cratic. George Hallock, editor. 



418 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

TIMES AND .T0T:RNAI.— Lakewood. W.ekly. on Friday. 

Independent Kepnblican. Arthur W. Kniirson. lessee, 

editor and manager. 
THE TUCKERTON BEATON— Tnckerton. Weekly. E. Moss 

Matins, editor and publisher. 
PRESS — New Egypt. Weekly, on Friday. Moore Bros., pub- 
lishers. Addison V. IMoore. editor. 
OCEAN COUNTY REVIEW — Seaside Heights. Weekly. 

Shore Review Publishing Co. William II. :Magill. editor 

and president. 
OCEAN COUNTY LEADER— Point Pleasant. Weekly, on 

Friday. The Leader Publishing Company. 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

THE PATERSON PRESS-GUARDIAN— Paterson. Daily, 
afternoon, except Sunday. Independent. Cuardian Print- 
ing and Publishing Co.. publishers. William B. Bryant, 
general manager. .John L. Matthews, editor. 

THE MORNING CAUL — Paterson. Daily, exrept Sunday. 
Republican. Call Piinting and Publishing Company, pro- 
prietors and publishers. Ferdinand A. Friedrich. editor. 
Garret H. Sturr, business manager. 

EVENING NEWS — Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except Sun- 
day. Independent. News Printing Company, proprietors. 
Harry B. Haines, editor ; Jules C. Levine. business man- 
ager. 

SUNDAY CflRONTCLE— Paterson. Sunday. Independent. 
The Guardian Printing and Publishing Comnanv. publishers 
and proprietors. William B. Bryant, general manager. 
.Tohn Tj. Matthews, editor. 

DE TELEGRAF (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Republi- 
can. Cornelius Poelstra. publisher and editor. 

HET OOSTEN (Holland) — Paterson. Weekly. Independent. 
Lont & Overkamp, publishers. 

IL MASSAGGERO (Italian) — Paterson. Weekly. Nicola 
Parrillo. editor and publisher. 

RISVEGLIO (Italian) — Paterson. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. F"'rancisco Palleria. editor and publisher. 

PASSAIC HERALD — Passaic. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Independent. E. A. Bristor. editor and pub- 
lisher. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS— Passaic. Daily, afternoon, e.x- 
cept Sunday. Independent. Georcre M. Hartt. editor. 
Passaic Daily News. Inc.. proprietors and publishers. 

THE BULLETIN— Pompton Lakes. Weekly. H. L. Wells, 
editor. Wells Printing Company, publishers. 

WOCIIENBLATT (German) — Passaic. Saturday. Mrs. 
Maria Emmy Lindcnstruth. editor and proprietor. 

SZABAD SA.TTO (Hungarian) — I'assaic. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. II. Virag, publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 419 

CLIFTON TIMES— Clifton. Independent. Weekly, on 
Thursdays. Clifton Times Publishing Company. Milton 
G. Levine, editor. 

CLIFTON .K^UKNAL— Clifton. Semi-weokly. The Clifton 
I'ross. Inc., publishers. Edward C. Brennan. editor. 

BLOOMINGDALE ARGUS — Bloomingdale. Weekly, on 
Thursday. James White, editor and publisher. 

I'OMPTON LAKES LEDGEPv— Fompton Lakes. Weekly, on 
Thursday. James White, editor and publisher. 

KATOLICKY SOKOL (Slovak) — Passaic. ' Weekly. on 
Thursdays. Independent. Roman and Greek Catholic 
Gymnastic Slovak Union Sokol. Dr. Gustav Kosik, edi- 
tor, 

SALEM COUNTY. 

SALEM STANDARD AND JERSEYMAN— Salem. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Standard and Jerseyman 
Company, publishers. William H. Chew, editor. 

SALEM SUNBEAM— Salem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Sunbeam Publishing Company, publishers. J. S. 
Foster, editor. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER— Woodstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. Benjamin Patterson, editor and pub- 
linhor. 

PENNSGROVE RECORD — Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Wm. A. Summerill. editor and proprietor. 
William L. Powell, manager. 

ELMER TIMES — Elmer. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 
Preston S. Foster, editor. Elmer Times Company, pub- 
lishers. 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Wednesday, Democratic. J. B, Varley, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

TFIE UNIONIST-GAZETTE- Somerville. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Association, pub- 
lishers. Charles 11. Bateman. editor and manager. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Carlton P. Hoagland, editor and 
proprietor. 

BOUND BROOK CHRONICLE— Round Brook. Weekly, on 
Friday. Republican. W. B. R. Mason, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

STATE CENTRE-RECORD— Bound Brook. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Daniel D. Clark, Jr.. editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEWS— Bernardsville. Weekly, on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Recorder Publishing Company, proprietors. C. 
H. B. Trumbull, editor and publisher. 



420 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER — Newton. Weekly, on Thursday 

Republican. Nelson E. Barton, editor and owner. 
THE NEW JERSEY HERALD— Newton. Weekly, on Thurs 

day. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell and Martin J. Cox 

editors and proprietors. Hency C. Bonnell, assistant edi 

tor. 
SUSSEX INDEPENDENT— Sussex. Weekly, on Friday 

Independent. J. J. Stanton and C, G. Wilson, editors, 

Irvin D. Shorter, assistant editor. 
THE WANTAGE RECORDER— Sussex. Weekly, on Thurs 

day. Democratic. C. E. Stickney, editor. 
THE MILK REPORTER — Sussex. Monthly. Agriculture 

John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor, Irvin D. Shorter, 

assistant editor. 
ST'SSKX COUNTY FARM NEWS— NewTon. Monthly. F. 

Leo Brown, editor. 

UNION counit:. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 

Republican. Augustus S. Crane, publisher. Geo. W, 

Swift, managing editor. 
ELIZABETH ETV^ENING TIMES — Elizabeth. Democratic. 

The Evening Times Company, proprietors. Leonard F. 

Sawvel. publisher. 
THE INDEX AND ELIZABETH REVIEW— Elizabeth. 

Sunday. Independent. John A. Mitchell, editor. Kemp- 
son Bros., publishers. 
THE RAHWAY RECORD — Rahway. Semi-weekly. Inde- 
pendent. Rahway Publishing Corporation, publishers. 

Henry B. Rollinson, president and manager. William F. 

Davis, editor. 
THE PLAINFIEL RECORD— Weekly. Independent. Albert 

F. La Rock, editor. 
PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS AND PLAINFIELD 

DAILY PRESS — Plainfield. Afternoon. Republican. 

Courier-News Publishing Company. Charles Hamilton 

Frost, manager. 
THE SUMMIT RECORD— Summit. Democratic. Weekly. 

Summit Record. Inc., publishers. 
THE SUMMIT HERALD— Summit. Weekly, on Friday. 

Republican. J. W. Clift, publisher and proprietor. Fred 

W. Cllft, editor. 
THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD— Westfleld. Weekly, on 

Friday. The Standard Publishing Concern. Byron M. 

Prugh. managing editor. 
THE CRANFORD CHRONICLE— Weekly, on Thursday. 

Hugh Hearon, owner. Frederick T. Frazer, editor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 421 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN— Cranford. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. James E. Warner, editor and man- 
affer. 

THE WESTFIELD LEADER — Westfield. Weekly. on 
Wednesday. Independent. Westfield Leader Publishing 
and Printing Company, proprietors. Walter J. Lee, edi- 
tor. 

THE PASSAIC VALLEY NEWS— New Providence. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Thos. J. Scott, publisher and 
editor. 

THE SPECTATOR — Roselle — Roselle Park. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Kempson Bros., owners and pub- 
lishers. Grover C. Kempson, editor. 

WARREN COUNTY. 

BELVIDERE APOLLO— Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Republican. J. Madison Drake, Jr., editor and proprietor. 
THE WARREN JOURNAL — Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 

Democratic. Elmer I. Smith, editor and publisher. 
HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE— Hackettstown. Weekly, on 

Friday. Democratic. Alfred C. Walling, editor auu 

manager. 
WARREN REPUBLICAN— Hackettstown. Weekly, on Fri- 
^day. Republican. Jones & BoHman, editors and proprie- 
'lors. 
THE WASHINGTON STAR— Washington. Weekly, on 

Thursday. Democratic. Frank A. Robertson, editor and 

proprietor. 
THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS— Blairstown. Weekly, on 

Wednesday. Independent. DeWitt C. Carter, editor and 

publisher. 

NEW JERSEY PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Officers — President, W. L. Tushingham. Camden Courier ; 
vice-president. J. W. Naylor, Allentown Messenger; secre- 
tary, John W. Clift, Summit Herald ; treasurer, W. B. R. 
Mason, Bound Brook Chronicle. 

Executive Committee — E. A. Bristor. Passaic Herald : 
Wm. B. Bryant, Paterson Press-Ouardian : J. E. Clarey, Jr.. 
Madison Eagle ; E. V. Savidge, Hopewell Herald ; Edmund 
H. Carpenter, Woodbury Democrat-; Eu^eup Farrell, New- 
ark Evening News ; Charles H. Frost, Plainfield Courier 
News. 



422 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



REPORTS OF STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

state Treasurer's Report. 

SECURITIES BELONGING TO THE STATE FUND. 

Certificate No. 154, dated April 3d. 1832. for 
one thousand (1.000) shares of the joint 
stock of the Delaware and Raritan Canal 
and Camden and Amboy Railroaa auu 
Transportation Companies, par value $100,000 00 

Certificate No. 3.640. dated July 15th, 1S64, 
for five hundred (500) shares of the joint 
stock of the Delaware and Raritan Canal 
and Camden and Amboy Railroad and 
Transportation Companies, par value 50,000 00 

Certificate No. 2.565, dated January v.nn, 
1866, for two hundred and sixty-two (262) 
shares of the joint stock of the Delaware 
and Raritan Canal and Camden and Am- 
boy Railroad and Transportation Com- 
panies,, par value 26,200 00 

Certificate No. 4,554, dated January 19th, 
1865, for one hundred and twenty-five (125) 
shares of the joint stock of the Delaware 
and Raritan Canal and Camden and Am- 
boy Railroad and Transportation Com- 
panies, par value 12.500 00 

$188,700 00 
STATEMENT JUNE 30th, 1920. 

STATE FUND. 

Balance in bank Juiv 1st. 1919 $8,916,974 53 

Gross receipts $18,769,411 61 

Gross disbursements 16.638.713 40 

Receipts over disbursements 2,130,698 21 

Balance in bank. June 30, 1920 $11,047,672 74 

Securities 188,700 00 

State Fund $1 1.236,372 74 

STATE SCHOOL TAX. 

Receipts •. $8,235,046 53 

Disbursements 8.235,046 53 

LOCAL TAX ON RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 

Balance in bank. Julv 1st. 1919 $274 93 

Receipts 3.593.823 70 

$3,594,098 63 
Disbursements 3,593.813 29 

Balance in bank Juno 30th, 1920 $285 34 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 4'2S 



GOVERNMENT AID FOR VOCATIONAL 
EDUCATION. 

Balance in bank. July 1, 1919 $36,803 12 

Receipts " 59.34S 94 

$96,152 06 
Disbursements 53.013 29 



Balance in bank, June 30th. 1920 $43,138 77 

STATE ROAD FUND. 

Balance in bank July 1, 1919 $8,504,765 81 

Keceipts^ — - 

Miscellaneous State Road 

Fund $27,902 70 

Federal Aid 397.992 30 

Motor vehicles 3,289.545 68 

State road tax (counties). 3,093,356 70 
State road tax (railroad). 246,969 19 

7,055,766 57 



$15,560,532 38 
Disbursements 7,378,370 32 



Balance in bank, June 30th. 1920 $8,182,162 06 

FOREST RESERVE FUND. 

Balance in bank. July 1st, 1919 $96 80 

Disbursements 11 75 



Balance in bank, June 30th, 1920 $85 05 

UNITED STATES APPROPRIATION FOR 
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

Receipts $50,000 00 

Disbursements 50,000 00 

SOCIAL HYGIENE FUND. 

Balance in bank. July 1st, 1919 $12,791 07 

Disbursements 12.791 07 

UNCLAIMED SCRIP FUND. 

Receipts $10,199 83 

Balance in bank, June 30, 1920 10.199 83 

CLERK IN CHAN€ERY ENROLLMENT FUND. 

Receipts $493 72 

Balance in bank. June 30. 1920 493 72 

STATE WATER SUPPLY FUND. 

Receipts $1,743 87 

Balance in bank, June 30. 1920 1,743 87 

14 



424 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 
Amount of securities $116,000 00 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 

The securities belonging to tlie fund are : 
One (1) Certificate of Indebtedness to the 

State of New Jersey, dated July 1st. 1895. $31,600 00 

One (1) Certificate of Indebtedness to the 

State of New Jersey, dated January 1st, 

1897 16,400 00 

One (1) Certificate of Indebtedness to the 

State of New Jersey, dated January 1st, 

1902 \ 68,000 00 



$116,000 on 



Interest on the Certificates of Indebted- 
ness, amounting to $5,800, made payable 
from the State Fund, has been disbursed for 
,the maintenance of Rutgers Scientific School 
at New Brunswick. 

SCHOOL FUND. 

The securities of the School Fund are the 
following : 

Bonds $6,639,465 00 

Stocks 146,500 00 

$6,785,965 00 

Bonds and Mortgages 156,659 00 

Real Estate 18,938 44 

Riparian Leases 998,381 06 



Securities $7,959,943 50 

STATEMENT OF THE SCHOOL FUND. 

Securities, July 1st, 1919 $7,206,908 39 

Add Bonds purchased 936.400 00 

Add Bonds Refunded, Bond paid in duplicate, 800 00 

Add Riparian Leases issued 235,675 54 

$8,379,783 93 



Less Securities paid off $418,920 43 

Less Riparian Leases can- 
celled 920 00 



419,840 43 



Securities June 30th. 1920 $7,959,943 50 

Balance in bank, June 30th, 1920 276.344 43 

Total Fund $8,236,287 93 

Amount of Securities, July 

1st, 1919 $7,206,908 39 

Balance in bank, July 1st. 

1919 523,073 20 



1,729,981 59 
Net increase in fund $506,306 34 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 425 



TAXES AND ASSESSMENT, STATE BOARD OF. 

Frank B. Jess. President. Haddon Heights. 1921 ; Harry 
W. Mutchler. Rockaway, 1921 ; Mahlon R. Margerum. Tren- 
ton, 1922 ; James Baker, Jersey City, 1925 ; Isaac Barber, 
Phillipsburg. 1925. 

The State Board of Taxes and Assessment is a consoli- 
dation of the old Board of Equalization of Taxes and the 
State Board of Assessors. The new body was created under 
the provisions of Chapter 244 of the Laws of 1915. It 
organized July 1st. and the purpose of the merger was to 
co-ordinate two bodies having similar functions. 

The old State Board of Assessors was created under an 
act of the Legislature entitled "An act for the taxation of 
railroad and canal property," approved April 10th. 1884. 
The work of this body was increased during the same year 
by the passage of another act. entitled "An act to provide 
for the imposition of State taxes upon certain corporations, 
and for the collection thereof," approved April 18th, 1884. 
The Legislature further charged this board with the assess- 
ment and apportionment of the Municipal Franchise tax 
to be paid by persons, co-partnerships, associations or cor- 
porations using or occupying public streets, highways, roads 
or other public places, by an act passed in 1900 and taking 
effect January 1st. 1901. 

Beginning with the year 1919, this Department will be 
further charged with the carrying into effect of the pro- 
visions of Chapter 148, Laws of 1918. which provides for a 
tax on the gross receipts of street railway corporations and 
gas and electric light corporations at the average tax rate 
of the State, in lieu of the tax upon personal property at 
the local rates. 

The State Board of Equalization of Taxes was created by 
an act of the Legislature approved March 29th, 1905, and 
was designed to take the place of the old State Board of 
Taxation. 

The report of the State Board of Taxes and Assessment 
for the year 1921 shows that 100 railroad and canal com- 
panies within the State are subject to taxation. These 
companies represent more than 2.638 miles of railroads 
(see note) and 175 miles of canals. 

Since making the last report of this Department, fhe 
Watchung- Railroad of the Erie Svstem was merged with 
the New York and Greenwood Lake Railroad and is now 
known as the Orange Branch. 



426 



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STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



427 



MISCELLANEOUS CORPORATIONS. 

Under the provisions of the act of April 18th, 1S84, and 
its supplements, the Board has assessed for the j^ear 1919 
a State franchise tax against 11,984 corporations, amount- 
ing to $2,521,509.74. 

The following tahle shows the comparison with previous 
j-ears of the number of corporations assessed under this 
act and the amount of tax levied : 





Number 


Amount 


Inc. in 


Inc. in 


Dec. in 




Assessed. 


Assessed. 


Number 


'. Amount. 


Amount. 


1884.... 


619 


$195,273 51 









1885.... 


797 


235,769 40 


178 


140,495 89 




1886.... 


917 


244,035 81 


120 


8,266 41 




1887.... 


... 1,132 


287,702 13 


215 


43,666 32 




1888.... 


. . . 1.457 


360,197 59 


325 


72,495 46 




1889.... 


. . . 1,698 


438,893 42 


241 


78,695 83 




1890.... 


... 2,103 


574,048 16 


405 


135,154 74 




1891.... 


... 2.377 


629,659 62 


274 


55,661 46 




1892.... 


. .. 3.149 


788,486 86 


772 


158,827 24 




1893.... 


. . . 3.889 


973,417 19 


740 


184,930 33 




1894.... 


... 4,283 


1,077,066 39 


394 


103,649 20 




1895.... 


. . . 4.450 


1,092,744 59 


167 


15,678 20 




1896.... 


. . . 4.593 


1,060,056 52 


143 




$32,688 07 


1897.... 


. . . 4.777 


1.075,278 52 


184 


15,222 66 




IF 98 


... 5.188 


1.197,030 54 


411 


121.752 02 




1899.... 


. . . 5.469 


1,332,635 95 


281 


135,605 41 




1900.... 


. . . 6.602 


2,048.008 03 


1,133 


715,372 08 




1901 . . . . 


. . . 7,294 


2,315,592 78 


692 


267,584 75 





1902.... 


. . . 8.. 567 


2.878,073 11 


1,273 


562,480 33 




190.3.... 


. . . 9.449 


3,380,439 87 


882 


502,366 76 




1904 . . . . 


... 10,013 


3.663,589 96 


564 


283,150 09 





1905.... 


. . . 10,065 


3,605,473 52 


52 




58.116 44 


1906.... 


... 10.230 


3,515.878 00 


165 




89,595 52 


1907.... 


... 10.307 


3,356,638 25 


77 




1,59,239 75 


1908.... 


. . . 10,821 


3,267,3.50 14 


514 




89,288 11 


1909.... 


... 11,022 


3.238.083 46 


201 




29,266 68 


1910.... 


... 11.606 


3.188.084 .58 


584 




49,998 88 


1911.... 


... 11.860 


3.171.576 25 


254 




16,508 33 


1912.... 


... 12.372 


3.131,430 72 


512 




40.145 53 


1913.... 


... 12,688 


3.128.498 30 


316 




2.932 42 


1914.... 


... 12.659 


3.0.57.911 12 


Dec. 29 




70..5S7 18 


1915.... 


... 12.411 


3.045,.572 72 


248 




12.3.38 40 


1916.... 


... 12.165 


2.718.222 20 


Dec. 241 




324,651 33 


1917.... 


... 12.310 


2. 678.. 390 81 


145 




39.831 39 


1918.... 


... 12.248 


2.605,194 25 


Dec. 62 




73,196 .56 


1919 


... 11.984 


2.. 521.. 509 74 


Dec. 264 


83.684 51 


1920.... 


... 12,8.52 


2,724,307 43 


868 


202,797 69 





428 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



GROSS RECEIPTS TAX. 

This Act (Chapter 25, Laws 1919) provides for the taxa- 
tion of the gross receipts of street railway, traction, gas and 
electric light, heat and power corporations using or occupying 
public streets, highways, roads or other public places, in lieu 
of the taxation of certain property of such corporations, at 
the "average rate of taxation" of the State (which for the 
year 1920 was $2.So3 per $100 valuation) and is apportioned 
in proportion to the value of the personal property of this 
class of corporations, as certified to this Department by 
the County Boards of Taxation. This tax is due and pay- 
able in the same manner and at the same time as the Fran- 
chise Taxes. 

Previous to the passage of this act, this class of property 
was assessed and taxed by the local assessor at the rate of 
taxation in the districts where situated. 

Assessments, based upon returns made under the provis- 
ions of this act, were levied against 95 corporations for 
the year 1920, amounting in the aggregate to $1,945,569.88, 
which is an Increase of $223,780.87 over the assessment 
for 1919, classified as follows : „ 

Number 



of 
Com- 
panies. Classification. 
19 Street Railway , 
76 Gas and Electric 

95 



Gross Receipts. 

$25,901,498 90 

42,292.329 IG 



Tax at 
Average Rate 

of $2,853. 
$738,969 78 
1,206,600 10 



$68,193,828 06 $1,945,569 88 



The following table will show the apportionment of this 
tax to the various municipalities of the State, grouped by 

counties : 



Atlantic . . . 
Bergen .... 
Burlington 
Camden . . 
Cape May . 
Cumberland 
Kssex ..... 
Gloucester 
Hudson . . . 
Hunterdon 
Mercer .... 
Middlesex . 



$55,200 19 Monmouth 



98.999 49 
35.088 88 

150.898 56 
16.748 86 
24.464 15 

528.137 27 
17.570 04 

533,505 74 

3.213 55 

70.956 05 

66,179 01 



Morris . . 
Ocean . . 
Passaic . 
Salem . . 
Somerset 
Sussex . . 
Union . . 
Warren 



. $67,280 


21 


33,288 


22 


7,153 


18 


. 104,709 


74 


9,314 


14 


10.820 


59 


1.752 


30 


93,067 


87 


17,221 


84 



$1,945,569 88 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



429 



MUNICIPAL FRANCHISE TAX. 

Assessments, based upon returns made under provisions 
of Chapter 195, Laws of 1900 (as amended), and Chapter 
290, Laws of 1906, were levied against 254 corporations 
and 3 individuals, amounting in the aggregate to $3,925.- 
567.61 tax, classified as follows (the increase over 1919 
being the sum of $933,896.45) : 



Number. 
19 



Classification. 



Tax. 



Street Railway $1,084,303 18 

110 Water 224.924 26 

75 Gas and Electric 1,970.812 82 

33 Telegraph and Telephone 625.395 50 

3 District Telegraph Messenger 4,632 05 

17 Sewer and Pipe Line 15,499 80 



$3,925,567 61 



The following table will show the apportionment of this 
tax to the various municipalities of the State, grouped by 
counties : 



Atlantic $132,616 79 Monmouth 



Bergen . . . 
Burlington 
Camden .. . 
Cape May . 
Cumberland 

Essex 

Gloucester . 
Hudson . . . 
Hunterdon 
Mercer .... 
Middlesex . 



339,962 

140,399 

246,825 

37,949 

45,908 

936,210 

47.174 

583,642 

6,737 

178,081 

238,930 



Morris . . 
Ocean . . 
Passaic . 
Salem . . 
Somerset 
Sussex . . 
Union . . 
Warren . 



$148,518 53 

70.174 45 

18.336 59 

, 307.783 28 

22,146 53 

53,852 09 

4.393 14 

334,382 02 

31,540 67 

$3,925,567 61 



Previous to the amendment to Section 5 of Chapter 195, 
Laws of 1900, by Chapter 17, Laws of 1917, the rate of tax 
levied against all classes of Public Utility Corporations, 
except Street Railway Corporations, was two per cent. By 
the amendment the rate on all classes except Street Rail- 
way Corporations (which are now taxed at the rate of five 
per cent) and corporations whose gross receipts are not 
in excess of $50,000, was increased by one per cent each 
year, beginning with the year 1918, until the maximum rate 
of five per cent is reached. The tax levied and assessed 
for the year 1920, based upon the gross receipts for the year 
ending December 31st, 1919, was at the maximum rate of 
five per cent. 



430 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



NEW JERSEY EATABLES (1920). 

The net valuation taxable of real and personal property 
listed by the local assessors and the county boards of tax- 
ation is $8,254,964,268.98, an increase of $222,800,164.80 
over the valuation otfl 1919. The net valuation does not include 
bank and trust company stock, which is separately assessed 
at three-fourths of one per cent, and for 1920 is taxed 
$748,431.44 on a valuation of $98,457,525.33. 

Thes.e ratables are made up as follows : 
Real estate, exclusive of second-class rail- 
road property $2,038,945,664 00 

Second class railroad property 121,442,955 00 

Personal property (exclusive of bank 

stock) 512,137,323 98 

Deductions : 

For household goods... $15,592,664 00 

For debts 240.117 00 

For exemptions of sol- 
diers, sailors, etc. . . 1,728,893 00 

Total deductions . . $17,561,674 00 



Net valuation taxable at local rates.. $3,254,964,268 98 
Amounts deducted under Chapter 57. Laws 

of 1910, and Chapter 188. Laws of 1912. 23,861,004 99 

Amounts added under Chapter 57. Laws of 

1910, and Chapter 188, Laws of 1912 2,065,925 00 

Value of personalty of Traction, Street 

Railway, Gas and Electric Companies. 

assessed under Chapter 25, Laws of 

1919 76.121.009 97 

Net valuation on which county and State 

school taxes are apportioned 3,309,290,258 96 

The taxes to be raised on the above valuations are as 

follows : 

Road tax $3,321,213 73 

State school taxes 8,241,887 22 

County taxes (exclusive of counties' quota 

of bank stock taxes) 20.616,261 30 

Taxes for local purposes (exclusive of mu- 
nicipalities' quota of bank stock taxes), 74.262,785 21 

Bank stock taxes (divided equally be- 
tween county and municipality) 748,431 44 

Poll taxes 513,680 00 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 431 

The average tax rate, on which the railroad main stem 
taxes are assessed, is $2,853 per hundred dollars of valua- 
tion for 1920. The average tax i-ate for 1919 was also 
$2,853. See Chapter 3, Laws of 1919. 

Real estate and personal property specifically exempted 
from taxation for 1920 amounts to $325,805,569, divided 
among the following classes : 

Public school property $73,983,075 

Other school property 18,883,330 

Public property 128.367,999 

Church and charitable property 82.829,530 

Cemeteries and graveyards 7.780,640 

Other exemptions not included in above classi- 
fications : 

Real $2,802,005 

Personal 11.158.900 

13,960,995 



432 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



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SCHOOL LAW. 433 

SYNOPSIS OF SCHOOL LAW. 



The State Board of Education consists of eight members, 
not more than one of whom shall reside in the same county, 
and not more than four of whom shall belong .o the same 
political party. It has control of the State Normal Schools, 
the School for the Deaf and the Manual Training and In- 
dustrial School for Colored Youth. It confirms the appoint- 
ment of the county superintendents of schools, decides ap- 
peals from the decisions of the Commissioner of Education, 
and makes rules for the granting of teachers' certificates and 
for carrying into effect the school laws of the State. It 
appoints an inspector of school buildings and an inspector 
of accounts. 

The Commissioner of Education is appointed by the gov- 
ernor and confirmed by the Senate. He appo-nts the county 
superintendents of schools, decides controversies that arise 
under the school law ; may withhold the State school moneys 
from any district for neglect or refusal to comply with the 
provisions of the school law, and has general supervision of 
the public schools. There are four assistant commissioners 
appointed by the commissioner by the advice and consent of 
the State Board of Education ; one acts as inspector of 
secondary schools, another as inspector of elementary schools, 
another as inspector of industrial education, and another to 
hear controversies and disputes arising under the school law. 
The Commissioner may designate a business manager, who 
shall supervise and direct all business matters under the 
control of the Commissioner. 

There is a superintendent of schools for each county, ap- 
pointed by the Commissioner of Education and confirmed by 
the State Board of Education. The County Superintendent 
apportions the school moneys among the districts in his 
county, has general supervision of the schools and. in con- 
nection with the local Board of Education, prescribes the 
course of study to be pursued in the district, approves the 
necessity for transportation and the cost and method thereof. 

Each municipality in the State constitutes a school dis- 
trict, unless by a vote of the people two or more munici- 
palities decide to unite and form one district. There are 
two classes of school districts, cities forming one class and 
all other municipalities the other, but a district in either 



434 SCHOOL LAW. 

class may, by a vote of the people, be transferred to the 
other class. The members of the Board of Education in a 
city school district are appointed by the mayor. 

In order to be eligible to membership in the Board of 
Education, a person must be a citizen of the United States 
and must have been a resident of the district for at least 
three years immediately preceding his or her election or ap- 
pointment and must be able to read and write. A city 
school district may have a city ruperintendent, but until one 
is appointed the County Superintendent has supervision of 
the schools. 

In each city school district there is a Board of School 
Estimate, consisting of the mayor, two members of ^he body 
having the power to mal?e appropriations for city purposes, 
and two members of the Board of Education. The Board 
of Education presents its estimate of the amount of local 
appropriation needed, and the Board of School Estimate 
certifies to the body in the city having power to make appro- 
priations, the amount to be raised for cchool purposes. The 
amount so certified must be raised. 

In districts other than cities the Boards of Education 
consist of nine members each, elected by the people on the 
third Tuesday in March. The term of oflSce begins the first 
Monday in April. The qualifications for membership are 
the same as in city school districts. The special district 
school tax is voted either at the annual meeting or at a 
special school meeting called by the Board of Education. 
Bonds for school houses are authorized by the legal voters. 
School bonds cannot be sold at private sale except to the 
Trustees of the School Fund or Sinking Fund Commissioners 
unless if no bids are received for any bonds after advertise- 
ment has been made, as provided by law, they may be sold at 
private sale. Bonds cannot be delivered' to any purchaser other 
than the Trustees of the School Fund except upon payment 
of full purchase price. Women may vote at district meet- 
ings on all questions except the election of members of the 
Board of Education, which is prohibited by the Constitution. 
Truant officers and janitors cannot be discharged or their 
compensation decreased except for cause and after a hearing. 

Funds for the support of schools come from the following 
sources : First, from the income of the State School Fund. 
The principal of this fund is derived almost entirely from 
the sale and rental of lands under water belonging to the 
State. The principal cannot be used for any purpose, and 
the income can be used only for the support of public schools. 



SCHOOL LAW. 435 

Second, from State appropriation made by the Legislature to 
reduce the State school tax. Third, from State school tax, 
an amount which when added to the State appropriation 
will make a sum equal to two and three-fourths mills on 
each dollar of the taxable property in the State. Fourth, 
the railroad tax received by the State in excess of one-half 
of one per cent, of the value of the railroad property. Fifth, 
interest of surplus revenue, and sixth, local school tax. 

The income from the school fund is apportioned among 
the counties by the State Superintendent cl the basis of 
the total days' attendance of pupils in the public schools. 
The State appropriation is apportioned among the counties 
by the State Comptroller on the basis of the ratables. Ninety 
per cent, of the State school tax paid by each county is 
returned to it, and the ten per cent, received from all the 
counties forms the reserve fund, which is apportioned among 
the counties in the discretion of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. The railroad tax is apportioned on the ratables. 

The County Superintendent apportions to each district $600 
for the Superintendent or Supervising Principal, if there be 
one ; $500 for each teacher in a special class for subnormal 
children ; $400 for each Assistant Superintendent and Super- 
visor, and for each permanent teacher employed in a high 
school having a full four-years' course of study ; $300 for 
each permanent teacher employed in a high school having 
a full three-years' course of study ; $315 for each teacher 
employed in an intermediate school associated with a high 
school ; $200 for each permanent teacher employed in 
any kindergarten, primary or grammar grade or in a 
high school having less than three years' course of study ; 
$80 for each temporary teacher employed more than 
four months ; $80 for each evening school teacher ; $25 
for each high school pupil for whom a tuition fee is 
paid to another district ; $5 for each pupil below the high 
school grade for whom such tuition fee is paid, and 75 per 
cent, of the cost of transportation of pupils approved by 
the County Superintendent. The balance of the State school 
moneys received by the county is apportioned on the basis 
of the total number of days' attendance of the pupils. 

The custodian of municipal funds is the custodian of 
school moneys, unless the Board of Education appoints the 
collector as custodian. In either case, the compensation of 
the custodian must be fixed by the Board of Education and 
paid from school funds. If there are two or more munici- 
palities in the district, the Board of Education may appoint 
its own custodian. 



436 SCHOOL LAW. 

Each collector must pay to the county collector the 
amount of State school tax due from his taxing district not 
later than December 22d. If the tax is not paid by that 
date the County Superintendent must withhold the amount 
of reserve fund apportioned to the district and divide it 
the following year among all the districts in the county. 
The county collector must pay the State school tax to the 
State Treasurer not later than January 20th. 

If a district provides a course in manual training, and 
such course is approved by the State Board of Education, the 
State will give to such district each year a sum equal to that 
raised in the district for manual training, provided the 
amount raised is not less than $250 or more than $5,000. 

County vocational schools may be established in any 
county under rules made by the State Board of Education. 
The location of these schools shall be approved by the Com- 
missioner of Education with the advice and consent af the 
State Board of Education. The Board of Education for 
such vocational school shall consist of the County Superin- 
tendent and four persons to be appointed by the judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas in the county. The State 
appropriates a sum equal to that raised in the county for 
the establishment of such school. The amount contributed 
by the State for any such school shall not exceed in any 
one year the sum of $10,000. 

Every district must provide free text-books and supplies 
for all pupils and must also provide a flag for each school 
house, which flag must be displayed every day the school is 
in session. The selection of a text-book requires the vote of 
a majority of the whole number oif members of the Board 
of Education. A Board of Education must employ medical 
inspectors and attendance ofl5cers. 

Every school which raises $20 to establish a school library 
may receive a like amount from the State. After the first 
payment, the State will give $10 each year that the school 
raises the same amount. Library moneys may be used for 
library books, reference books, apparatus, or educational 
works of art. 

All plans for school houses must be submitted to the State 
Board of Education for suggestion and criticism. Every 
school house hereafter erected must comply with the follow- 
ing requirements : First, light must be admitted to the class 
rooms only from the left and rear. Second, the total light 
area must equal 20 per cent, of floor space. Third, there 
must be 18 square feet of floor space and not less than 200 
cubic feet of air space for each pupil. Fourth, all rooms 



SCHOOL LAW. 437 

must have a proper system of ventilation which will supply 
30 cubic feet of fresh air per minute for each pupil. Fifth, 
all ceilings must be at least 12 feet in height and all stairs 
must be at least 4 feet wide, with intermediate landings, 
enclosed in brick walls or by partitions of slow-burning con- 
struction, and without open well holes. Sixth, a school 
house having eight rooms must have two flights of stairs, 
each four feet in width, or one flight not less than six feet 
in width, one having from eight to sixteen rooms, two flights 
of stairs not less than five feet in width, and one having 
sixteen or more rooms, four flights of stairs not less than 
four feet in width, or two flights not less than six feet in 
width. Seventh, all ceilings must be either metal, wood or 
plaster on metal laths and painted white or some light tint. 

A person cannot be legally employed as a teacher unless 
he holds a teacher's certificate in full force and effect at 
the time he begins teaching. Before beginning to teach he 
must show his certificate to the Superintendent of Schools. 
A Board of Education may adopt rules governing the em- 
ployment of teachers. In the absence of rules, the contract 
must be in writing in triplicate, one copy filed with the 
Board of Education, one with the County Superintendent, 
and one with the teacher. The employment, promotion or 
dismissal of a teacher requires the vote of a majority of the 
whole number of members of the Board of Education. After 
three years' continuous service a teacher cannot be removed 
except upon charges and after a hearing. 

The State Board of Examiners consists of the Commis- 
sioner of Education, the Principals of the Normal Schools 
and one Assistant Commissioner, a County Superintendent 
and a City Superintendent appointed by the State Board 
of Education. This Board issues certificates valid in all 
parts of this State and in any school or grade. 

All kindergarten teachers must hold special kindergarten 
certificates. Special certificates may be issued for kinder- 
garten, physical training, manual training, music, drawing, 
modern languages, commercial branches, cooking, sewing, 
agriculture and penmanship. All applicants for certificates 
must file testimonials of good moral character, and, in case 
of previous experience, of success as teachers. 

Graduates of the Normal Schools receive State certifi- 
cates. Graduates of normal schools in other States may 
have their diplomas endorsed, provided the course of study 
pursued is equivalent to the course in the New Jersey Nor- 
mal Schools, and the State in which they were issued grants 
reciprocal privileges to graduates of the New Jersey Normal 
Schools. 



438 SCHOOL LAW. 

All children between the ages of 5 and 20 are entitled to 
attend the public schools in the districts in which they 
reside. If a kindergarten has been established, children 
4 years of age may attend. A Board of Education must 
provide suitable school facilities for all the children desiring 
to attend school. The Board of Education may provide for 
the education of pupils in the higher grades by payment of 
tuition fees to adjoining districts. If a child lives remote 
from any school in the district, the Board may transport 
such child to school or pay for its tuition in another district. 
A Board of Education may close a school and transport all 
the children to another school. Children who have never 
attended any school can be admitted to a public school 
only during the ten days immediately following the opening 
of the school in the fall and during the first five days in 
January and April, except by the vote of a majority of all 
the members of the Board of Education. 

All children between the ages of 7 and 16 must attend 
either a public or private school every day such school is in 
session, unless they are taught at home or are physically 
or mentally unfit to attend. Children between 14 and 16 
years of age who have completed five yearly grades may be 
granted certificates permitting them to go to work. The 
parent of a child who does not attend school may be pro- 
ceeded against before a magistrate as a disorderly person. 
If the parent is unable to control the child, such child may 
be proceeded against as a disorderly person. 

A course in physical training- is prescribed by law 
which shall be adapted to the ages and capabilities of 
the pupils in the several grades, and shall include 
exercises, calisthenics, formation drills, instruction in 
personal and community health and safety, and in cor- 
recting bodily deficiency, together with instruction as 
to the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship as 
they relate to community welfare; and in addition for 
female pupils, instruction in domestic hygiene, first 
aid and nursing. The law further provides for a 
course in high schools which shall include military 
training. This latter part, however, is not mandatory. 

Corporal punishment in all public schools is absolutely 
prohibited. 

There were three different laws enacted by the State 
Legislature of 1919, pertaining to pensions and annuities 
for teachers. 

The first act amended the old "Teachers' Retirement 
Fund Law" by permitting all members to withdraw from 



SCHOOL LAW. 439 

the old fund provided that in withdrawing they waived 
all rights to their benefits in that fund. 

The law was also amended so as to give a choice to all 
new teachers to become members of the old fund. 

The second act repealed the old "Thirty-five Year Pen- 
sion Law," such repeal to take effect September 1st, 1919. 

A new "Pension and Annuity Fund law" M'as enacted 
providing for a pension and annuity for teachers after 
reaching age sixty-two, and also providing for a pension 
and annuity for all teachers who become incapacitated for 
teaching during service. 

The new Pension and Annuity Law^ is to take the place 
of the old Retirement Fund system and the old Thirty- 
five Year Pension Law. The pension is provided by the 
State, and the annuity is provided by the contributions 
of the teachers themselves. The contributions are based 
upon the age of the teacher when he or she becomes a mem- 
ber of the new fund. The percentage of deduction for 
women is slightly greater than for men. 

The pension is based on the number of years of service 
of a teacher and is equivalent to one-seventieth of the 
teacher's average salary for the last five years of service 
multiplied by the number of years of service prior to Sep- 
tember 1st, 1910. 

All pensions granted by the State after September 1st, 
1919, are based on Vi^o of the average salary of the teacher 
for the last five years multiplied by the number of years 
of service since the teacher became a member of the new 
fund. 

The teacher by his or her contributions accumulates a 
fund which will produce an estimated annuity of 1/140 of 
the average salary tor the last five years of service. 

In each high school of the State there shall be given 
a course of study in Community Civics and a course of 
study in Problems of American Democracy. 

The time to be devoted to each of the courses of study 
shall be at least sixty full hours in periods of at least 
forty minutes each. 

On and after July 1st, 1020, the Board of Education in 
every school district in this State, in which are employed 
twenty or more children between the ages of 14 and 16 
years, to whom have been granted an Ae;e and Schooling 
Certificate in accordance with the Child T^bor Law. shall 
establish what is known as a Continuation School for such 
pupils. That is to say, that during certain hours in the 
day-time children working in factories or in any other em- 
ployment shall attend the Continuation School for a period 
of at least six hours in each week. 

The minimum salary of every teacher in every school 
district of this State shall be $70 per month for each and 
every month during the school year, when employed. 



440 SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION LAWS. 

SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATION 
LAWS. 



statement of the annual and supplemental laws for the 
fiscal j^ear from 1896 to date. 

Previous to 1918 the fiscal year ended October 31st, but in 
the latter year the Legislature changed it so that it now 
ends on June 30th. 

The annual bill in each instance is enacted by the Legis- 
lature of the preceding year and becomes operative on July 
1st of the same year. At the time the fiscal year was 
changed the previous method of, having passed a supple- 
mental bill was abandoned and any additional appropria- 
tions which might be needed by the various departments and 
institutions are provided by the State House Commission 
through what is known as the Emergency Fund. 

1896. 

Annual $1,954,829 32 

Supplemental 287,885 53 

$2,242,714 85 

1897. 

Annual $2,273,371 32 

Supplemental 126,561 64 

$2,399,932 96 

1898. 

Annual $2,139,934 32 

Supplemental 234,928 99 

$2,374,863 31 

1899. 

Annual $2,199,867 32 

Supplemental 554,521 49 

$2,754,388 81 

1900. 

Annual $2,434,096 23 

Supplemental 349.254 55 

$2,783,350 78 

1901. 

Annual $2,234,940 32 

Supplemental 1,219,319 20 

$3,454,259 52 

1902. 

Annual $3,255,269 32 

Supplemental 715.219 75 

$3,970,489 07 

1903. 

Annual $3,551,749 32 

Supplemental 1.001,056 25 

$4,552,805 57 



SUMMARY OP APPROPRIATION LAWS. 441 

1904. 

Annual $3,853,800 98 

Supplemental 1,038,464 93 

$4,892,265 91 

1905. 

Annual $4,188,215 65 

Supplemental 1,075,526 21 

$5,263,741 86 

1906. 

Annual $4,301,733 57 

Supplemental I,ub8,342 03 

$5,400,075 60 

1907. 

Annual $4,519,826 57 

Supplemental 622,942 65 

$5,142,769 22 

1908. 

Annual $4,618,407 17 

Supplemental 768,329 62 

$5,386,736 79 

1909. 

Annual $4,379,474 90 

Supplemental 331,774 24 

$4,711,249 14 

1910. 

Annual $4,245,017 32 

Supplemental 871,791 00 

$5,116,808 32 

1911. 

Annual $5,072,592 77 

Supplemental 1,337,517 18 

$6,410,109 95 

1912. 

Annual $5,476,508 35 

Supplemental 972.097 05 

$6,448,605 40 

1913. 

Annual $0,509,785 50 

Supplemental 1,199,514 34 

$7,709,299 84 

1914. 

Annual $6,825,191 36 

Supplemental 834,676 49 

$7,659,867 85 

1015. 

Annual $7,634,413 60 

Supplemental 412.704 36 

$8,047,117 96 

1910. 

Annual $8,073,255 25 

Supplemental 691,611 55 

$8,764,866 80 



442 SUMMARY OP APPROPRIATION LAWS. 

1917. 

Annual $7,953,255 25 

Supplemental 871,058 13 

$8,824,313 38 

1918. 

Annual $9,157,085 64 

Supplemental 771,058 13 

$9,928,143 77 

1918-1919. 
Annual $9,755,045 57 

1919-1920. 
Annual $13,744,996 26 

1920-1921. 
Annual $15,248,113 49 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 443 

COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



County Officers, AVith the Date of the Expiration of 
Their Term of Office, Time of Holding Courts, &c. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

County Seat — Mays Landing. 

Sheriff— Malcolm B. Woodruff, Rep., 1923. 

County Clerk— Edwin A. Parker, 1923. 

Surrogate — Albert C. Abbott, 1922. 

County Treasurer — Enoch L. Johnson, Atlantic City. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

Circuit Judge— Ralph W. E. Donges, 1927. 

■County Judge— Robert H. Ingersoll, 1923. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Edmund C. Gaskill, Jr., 1923. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — Herbert R. Voorhees. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — E. W. Strickland. 

County Solicitor — p]. A. Higbee. 

County Engineer — A. H. Nelson. 

County Physician — Lewis R. Souder. 

Jury Commissioner — Wilson Senseman. 

Chiefl Probation Officer — Henry S. Scull. 

Coroners — Charles Cunningham, 1921 ; Anthony L. Epos- 
ito, 1923 ; Arnold DeBrier, 1923. 

County Election Board — Harry Lovett, Dem., 1921 : Wil- 
liam Charlton, Dem., 1922 ; William Hauenstein, Rep., 1922 ; 
E. LeRoy Adams, Rep., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — F. F. Doughty. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — F. W. Willetts. 
County Institutions — 

Atlantic County Hospital for Insane. Dr. H. C. Munro, 
Supt. 

Atlantic County Tubercular Hospital. Dr. Clyde M. Fish, 
Supt. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

County Seat- — Hackensack. 

Sheriff— Joseph Kinzley, Jr., Rep., 1922. 
County Clerk — William P. Eager, Rep., 1925. 
Surrogate^ — J. Blauvelt Hopper, Rep., 1923. 
County Treasurer— James W. Mercer. 



444 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

Circuit Justice — Charles W. Parker. 

Circuit Judge — Willard W. Cutler. 

County Judge — Jolm B. Zabriskie. 

Prosecutor of tbe Pleas — Archibald C. Hart. 

Assistant Prosecutor of tbe Pleas — Charles J. McCarthy. 

County Solicitor — Clarence Mabie. 

County Engineer — Roscoe McClave. 

County Physician — William E. Ogdeu. 

Jury Commissioner — Jesse P. De Groff. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — John R. O'Con- 
nor. 

Chief Probation Officer— Frederick Bratt. 

Coroners^ — Thomas Gash ; Everett W. Crandall. 

County Election Board — ^Chas. N. Cumberland, Dem., 1921.; 
John H. Blauvelt, Rep., 1921 ; W. F. Meyer, Dem., 1922 ; 
W. S. Moore, Rep., 1922. 

Director Board of Freeholders — William H. Roberts. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — James M. Harkness. 

Terms of Court — April, first Tuesday ; September, second 
Tuesday, and December, second Tuesday. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

County Seat — Mounty Holly. 

Sheriff— Edward H. Flagg, Jr., Rep.. 1023. 

County Clerk — William H. Reeves, 1924. 

■Surrogate — Charles A. Rigg, 1921. 

County Treasurer — Warren C. Pine, 1920. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1925. 

Circuit Judge — Ralph W. E. Donges. 1927. 

County Judge — Harold B. Wells. 1924. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — J. H. Kelsey, 1925. 

County Ad.iuster — Lawrence G. Mingin. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — John B. Burtis. 

County Solicitor — Robert Peacock. 

County Engineer — James Logan 

Supervisor of Roads — Stewart McFarland. 

Jury Commissioner — Andrew J. Jordan. 

Chief Probation Officer— William A. Slaughter. 1925. 

Coroners — Isaac Cliver, 1922 ; George J. LeConey, 1921 ; 
Elwood Belton, 1928. 

County Election Board — Josepn C. Kingdon, Rep.. 1922 ; 
Richard P. Hughes, Dem., 1922 ; Dr. M. W. Newcomb, Rep., 
1921 ; Alfred I. Davis, Dem., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Edward T. Haines. 

Clei-k Board of Freeholders — Alfonza Adams. 
County Institutions — 

Burlington County Hospital ftor the Insane, at New Lisbon. 
C. Clarence Deacon, Superintendent ; Dr. H. E. Longsdorf, 
Medical Director. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 445 

Burlington County Sanatorium for Tuberculous Diseases, 
at New Lisbon. Dr. M. W. Newcomb, Medical Director. 

Burlington County Almshouse, at New Lisbon. Alfred I. 
Bowne, Steward. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in October, fourth Tuesday in December. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 
County Seat — Camden. 

Sheriff— Isaiah S. Hatch. Rep., 192.3. 

County Clerk — William D. Brown. Rep.. 1926. 

Register of Deeds — Joshua C. Haines, Rep., 1925. 

Surrogate — Harry Reeves. 1922. 

County Treasurer- — John W. Sell. 

Circuit Justice — Frank S. Katzenbach. Jr.. 1927. 

Circuit Judge— Frank T. Lloyd, 1928. 

County Judge — John B. Kates. 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Charles A. Wolverton. 1923. 

Assistant Prosecutors of the Pleas — Albert E. Burling, 
Charles Stuart Straw. 

County Solicitor — William Early. 

County Engineer — John J. Albertson. 

County Physician — Frank O. Stem. 

Jury Commissioner — James F. Lennon. 

Chief Probation Officer- — Arthur Pressey. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — George E. Starn. 

Coroners— David F. Bentley, 1922 ; Arthur H. Holl, 1922 : 
Chester A. Bardsley, 1923. 

County Election Board — James V. McAdams. Dem., 1921 : 
George L. Selby, Rep.. 1921 ; George Kleinheinze, Dem.. 
1922; William H. Harrison, Rep., 1922. 

Director Board of Freeholders — John Prentice. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Fred. W. George. 
County Institutions — 

County Insane Asylum, Asyla, N. J. James A. Starkey, 
Supt. 

County Farm. Asyla, N. J. Robert Jaggard. Supt. 

Tuberculosis Hospital, Ancora, N. J. Joel W. Fithian, 
Supt. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday, April ; second Tuesday. 
September and December. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

County Seat — Cape May Court House. 

SheriflE— Mead Tomlin, Rep., 1922. 
County Clerk — A. Carlton Hildreth, 1925. 



446 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

Surrogate — Harry S. Douglass, 1922. 

County Treasurer — Harry Headley. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

Circuit Judge — Ralph W. E. Donges, 1926. 

County Judge— Henry H. Eldredge, 1921. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Eugene C. Cole, 1922. 

County Solicitor — Palmer M. Way. 

County Engineer — Learning Rice. 

County Physician — Julius Way. 

Jury Commissioner — Harry Hebenthal. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Paul E. Carroll. 

Coroners — William Thompson, 1921 ; Preston J. Cadman, 
1922 ; Benjamin C. Ingersoll, 1923. 

County Election Board — George J. Jeffries, Dem., 1922 ; 
Smith Endicott, Rep., 1922 ; Leon Wheaton, Dem., 1921 ; 
Belford Ernest, Rep.. 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Floyd Hewitt. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Irving Fitch. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

County Seat — Bridgoton. 

Sheriff — Joseph S. Turner, Rep.. 1923. 

Countv Clerk— L. H. Hogate. 1924. 

Surrogate— Charles V. Marshall. 1923. 

County Treasurer — Edward P. Bacon. 

Circuit Justice — Charles C. Black, 1922. 

Circuit Judge— Ralph W. E. Donges, 1927. 

County Judge — William A. Logue. 1924. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Roscoe C. Ward, 1924. 

County Solicitor — Roscoe C. Ward. 

County Engineer — Walter M. Sharp. 

County Physician — John R. C. Thompson. 

Jury Commissioner-T-Samuel B. Dunham. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — William B. Holmes. 

Chief! Probation Officer — John C Mitchell. 

Coroners — Ferdinand Koetz, 1922; Kenneth B. Carll. 
1923 ; Wesley C. Johnson, 1923. 

County Election Board— John Ogden. Dem., 1922 ; Charles 
F. Headley, Dem., 1921 : Edwin C. Reber, Rep., 1921 ; Ferdi- 
nand R. Jones, Rep., 1922. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Lewis F. Sheppard. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Howard L. Tyler. 
County Institutions — 

Hospital for Insane. David El well. Supt. 

Almshouse. George Berg. Steward. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, Septemln r and 
December. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 447 

ESSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat — Newark. 

Sherifif— Samuel F. Wilson, Rep.. 102.3. 

County Clerk— John II. Scott, 1022. 

Rejjister of Deeds — Howard S. Dodd. 1025. 

Surrogate — Howard Isherwood, 1024. 

County Treasurer- — Richard W. Booth. 

Circuit Justice — Chief Justice ^Yilliam S. Gummere, 1922. 

Circuit Judges — Nelson Y. Dungan, 1925 ; Worral F. 
Mountain, 1923. 

County Judges — William P. Martin, 1921 ; Harry V. Os- 
borne. 1923; Fred G. Stickel, Jr., 1924. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — J. Henry Harrison, 1922. 

Assistant Prosecutors of the Pleas — A. Wilbur Mott, John 
A. Bernhard, A. Leslie Price. 

County Counsel — Charles Pilgrim. 

County Engineer — Frederic A. Reimer. 

Jury Commissioner — Edward Schickhaus. 

Chief Probation Officer — John J. (lascoyne. 

Coroners — John J. Hickman, Henry Broemel, Louis Reiss. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Horace B. Hol- 
comb. 

County Election Board — Richard J. Franz, Dem., 1922 ; 
Frank .T. Dunnion, Dem.. 1921 ; James P. Dalley, Rep., 
1922 ; James H. Owen, Rep., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Henry C. Hines. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Ray Mahoney. 
County Institutions — 

Essex County Hospital (for the insane), Overbrook. Dr. 
Guy Payne. Supt. 

Essex County Hospital for Contagious Diseases, Soho. 
Dr. Henry E. Ricketts, Supt. 

Essex County Sanatorium (for tubercular diseases), Soho. 
Dr. Henry B. Dunham, Supt. 

Essex Mountain Sanatorium (for curable tubercular dis- 
eases), Yerona. Dr. Henry B. Dunham, Supt. 

Essex County Yocational School for Boys, West Orange. 
Robert O. Beebe, Director. 

Essex County Yocational School for Girls, Bloomfield. 
Robert O. Beebe. Director. 

Essex County Penitentiary, Caldwell. Ferdinand J. Hosp. 
Warden. 

Essex County Jail, Newark. Richard McGuinness, War- 
den. 

Essex County House of Detention, Newark. John L. Bur- 
gess. Supt. 

Essex County Parental Home. Newark. Lucille 13. Fred- 
ericks, Matron. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, third Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 



448 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 
County Seat — Woodbury. 

Sheriff — Sealah P. Clark, Rep., 1923. 

County Clerk— Oliver J. West, 1922. 

Surrogate — Frank D. I'edrick. 1924. 

County Treasurer — George E. Pierson. 

Circuit Justice — Frank S. Katzenbacb, 1925. 

Circuit Judge — Ralph W. E. Donges, 1925. 

County Judge — Francis B. Davis, 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Oscar B. Redrow, 1922. 

Assistants — Chester N. Steelman, 1922. 

County SoIicitor^Oscar B. Redrow. 

County Engineer— William C. Cattell. 

Road Supervisor — James P. Warwick. 

Jury Commissioner — John H. Hobday, 1921. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — William P. Abdill. 

Chief Probation Officer — William E. Keat. 

Coroners — J, Preston Potter, 1921 ; David R. Brewer, 
1922; Oran A. Wood, 1923. 

County Election Board — Sheppard Fisler. Dem., 1921 ; 
Marshall F. Lummis, Rep., 1921 ; Edward J. Crist, Dem., 
1921 ; W. Earle Miller, Rep.. 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Charles Walton. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Charles N. Bell. 
County Institutions — 

Almshouse, Clarksboro, N. J. A. J. Nichol, Steward. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in February and third 
Tuesdays in May and October. 



HUDSON COUNTY. 

County Seat — Jersey City. 

Sheriff — Thomas Madigan. Dem., 1923. 

County Clerk — John J. McGovern. 1925. 

Register of Deeds— John J. McMahon. 1925. 

Surrogate-^ — James F. Norton. 1921. 

County Treasurer — Joseph F. S. Fitzpatrick. 

Circuit Justice — Francis J. Swayze, 1924. 

Circuit Judge — William H. Speer. 1922. 

County Judges — James W. McCarthy, Richard Doherty 
and John A. Blair, all 1923. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — -Pleri'e P. Garven. 1923. 

Assistant Prosecutors of the Pleas — George T. Vickers, 
Thomas H. Brown. James H. Clark and Ilyman Ijazarus. 

County Counsel— John J. Fallon. 

County Supervisor — John W. Sweeney. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 449 

County Engineer — Frank J. Ratigan. 

County Physician — Bert Daly. 

Jury Commissioner — Harry E. Polhemus. 

Chief Probation Officer — Percy A. Sharpley. 

Coroners — John M. Introcassa, 1921 ; Charles Drake, 1021 ; 
William F. Rose, 1924. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Thomas J. Wal- 
dron. 

County Election Board — Gerrish Newell, Rep., 1921 ; Rob- 
ert A. Armstrong, Dem., 1921 ; George Scheetz, Rep., 1922 ; 
Charles Wagner, Dem., 1922. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Thomas F. Lally. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Walter 0"Mara. 
County Institutions, at Laurel Hill — 

Almshouse. James F. McKee. 

Insane Asylum. Dr. George W. King. 

Penitentiary. James J. Kelly. 

Tubercular Institution. Dr. B. S. Pollack. 

Hospital. Dr. J. J. Goodwill. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April and third Tues- 
day in September and second Tuesday in December. 



HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

County Seat — Flemington. 

Sheriff — Arthur W. England, Rep., 192.3. 

County Clerk — Judiah Higgins, Rep.. 1925. 

Surrogate— Charles D. McCracken. Rep., 1924. 

County Treasurer — Joseph L. Chamberlin. 

Circuit Justice— Thomas W. Trenchard, 192S. 

Circuit Judge — Willard W. Cutler, 192.3. 

County Judge — George K. Large, 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Harry J. Able, 1922. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — George W. Dunham. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — E. W. Sutton. 

County Solicitor — Harry L. Stout. 

County Adjuster— Harry L. Stout. 

County Engineer — Grant Davis. 

Jury Commissioner — William H. McConnell, 1923. 

Coroners — William F. Charles, 1922 ; James I. Bumster, 
1922: Charles G. Boyer, 1923. 

County Election Board — John H. Reed. Dem.. 1920: John 
D. Staples, Rep., 1920 : Andrew S. Holcombe, Dem.. 1921 : 
A. Stanley Holcombe, Rep.. 192i. 

Director Board of Freeholders — William Wean. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Frank J. Dineen. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesdays in April, September and 
December. 



4r,0 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

MERCER COUNTY. 
County Scat — Trenton. 

Sheriff— Walter Firth. Sr., Rep., 1928. 

County Clerk— John H. Fetter, 1922. 

Surrogate — Walter Madden, 1924. 

County Treasurer — Edgar C. \Veart. 

Circuit Justice — Thomas W. Trenchard, 1928. 

Circuit Judge — Frank T. Lloyd, 1928. 

County Judge — Erwin E. Marshall, 1925. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — A. Dayton Oliphant. 1023. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — James Hammond. 

County Solicitor — Frederic R. Brace. 

County Engineer — Harry F. Harris. 

Road Supervisor — James A. Ross. 

Jury Commissioner — Raymond A. Schroth. 

County Physician — Frank G. Scammell. 

Cliiefi Probation Officer — Wm. N. Morrison. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Stephen O. Plant. 

Coroners — Silas R. Bray, Harold J. Stout and William R. 
Moore. 

County Election Board-^Charles E. Cook, Dem., 1921 ; 
Anthony S. Brennan, Dem.. 1922 ; Holmes I*]. LaRue, Rep.. 
1922; William C. Yandewater, Rep., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Elmer E. Margerum. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Walter C. Fowler. 
County Institutions — 

Mercer County Workhouse, Moore's Station, N. J. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in January, second Tues- 
day in May, and second Tuesday in October. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

County Seat — New Brunswick. 

Sheriff—Elmer E. Wyckoflf, Rep., 1928. 

County Clerk — Bernard M. Gannon, 1924. 

Surrogate — Daniel W. Clayton. 1921. 

County Treasurer- — F. Wm. Hilker. 

Circuit Justice — James J. Bergen, 1921. 

Circuit Judge — Frank T. Lloyd, 1928. 

County Judge — Peter F. Daly, 1921. 

I'rosecutor of the Pleas — Joseph E. Strieker, 1921. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — John A. Coan. 

County Solicitor — Frederick F. Richardson. 

County Engineer — Alvin Fox. 

County Physician — John L. Suydam. 

Jur.v Commissioner — .John Becker. 

Chief Probation Officer — Charles M. MacWilliam. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 451 

Coroners — Edward K. Hanson, 1923 ; Arthur Hillpot, 
1923 ; Elias S. Mason, 1921. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Joseph Fertig. 

Road Supervisor — John H. Leisen. 

Count.v Election Board — John Hanson, Rep., 1922 ; Walit-r 
Rielley, Dem., 1922 ; Charles Greenwald, Dem., 1921 ; Chester 
Holman, Rep., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Wm. Dey. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Thomas Mulvihill. 

Count}' Adjuster — Charles M. MacWilliam. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in April, third Tuesday in 
September, and second Tuesday in December. 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 
County Seat — Freehold. 

Sheriff— Walter H. Gravatt, Rep., 1923. 

County Clerk — Joseph McDermott. 1924. 

Surrogate — Joseph L. Donahay, 1922. 

County Treasurer — C. Asa Francis. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1925. 

Circuit Judge — Willard W. Cutler, 1923. 

County Judge — Rulif V. Lawrence, 1925. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — John J. Quinn, 1925. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — Charles F. Sexton. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Nathan Robins. 

County Solicitor — William A. Stevens. 

County Auditor — Howard W. Roberts. 

County Engineer — George D. Cooper. 

Jury Commissioner — Dr. A. T. Applegate. 

Chief Probation Officer — John H. Houghton. 

County Physician — Dr. Charles E. Jemison. 

Coroners — D. D. Cashion, 1923 ; Kidders Morris, 1923 ; 
Charles Breece, 1923. 

County Election Board — Leonard J. Arrowsmith, Dem.. 
1921 ; William D. Hulse, Rep.. 1922 ; William F. Lefferson. 
Dem., 1922 ; Frank E. Price, Rep., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Bryant B. Newcomb. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — George W. Patterson. 
County Institutions — - 

Allenwood Hospital. Allenwood, N. J. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday after the first day of 
January, first Tuesday in May and October. 



452 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

County Scat — ^^lorristown. 

SherifiC— Ethelbert Byram. Rep., 1923. 

County Clerk— E. Bertram Mott. 1928. 

Surrogate — Wm. H. Thompson, Jan.. 1923. 

County Treasurer — George W. Downs. 

Supreme Court Justice — Charles W. Parker, 1921. 

Circuit Judge— Willard W. Cutler. 1923. 

County Judge — Edward K. Mills, 1923. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — John M. Mills, 1923. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Henry S. Worman. 

County Solicitor — Charles A. Rathhun. 

County Engineer — Winfield Hopkins. 

Jury Commissioner — William H. Pierson. 

Probation Officer — ^Rohert L. Murphy. 

Superintendent Public Work — Charles H. Munson. 

Coroners — Frederick H. Seward, 1923 ; David Fichter, 
1923 ; William D. Lewis, 1921. 

County Election Board — Charles F. Hopkins, Rep., 1921 ; 
Lewis A. Carter. Rep., 1922 ; Frank F. Naughright, Dem., 
1921: Robert E.' Burke. Dem.. 1922. 

Director Board of> Freeholders — Frank D. Abell. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — William H. Hosking. 
County Institutions — 

Morris County Almshouse. Steward. Lewis Dufiford. 

Shongum Sanatorium. Supt., Miss K. E. Dandley. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in January, first Tuesday 
in May, and second Tuesday in October. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

• County Seat — Toms River. 

Sheriff— Harold Chafer. Rep., 1921. 

County Clerk— John A. Ernst. 1923. 

Surrogate — Ulysses S. Grant. 1923. 

County Treasurer — Theodore B. Cranmer. 

Circuit Justice — Samuel Kalisch, 1925. 

Circuit Judge— Frank T. Lloyd. 192S. 

County Judge — William Howard Jeffre.v. 1922. 

prosecutor of the Pleas — Richard C. Plumer. 1922. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — J. Sabine Otis. 

County Solicitor — Ma.ia Leon Berry. 

County Engineer — John M. Abbott. 

Jury Commissioner — Joshua Hilliard. 

Chief Probation Officer — Adolph Ernst. 

County Physician — E. Clarence Disbrow. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 453 

Coroners— Job M. Smith, 1922 ; Frank Brouwer, 1923 ; 
Joseph H. Harvey, 1923. 

County Election Board — George H. Irons, De'm., 1921 ; 
James H. O'Rourke, Dem., 1922 ; Malcolm Dunn, Rep., 1921 ; 
William H. Cruser, Rep., 1922. 

Director Board of Freeholders — William H. Savage. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — David O. Parker. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, second Tues- 
day in September, and second Tuesday in December. 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 
County Seat — Paterson. 

SheriflE — John McCutcheon. Rep., 1921. 

County Clerk— .John J. Slater, 1921. 

Register of Deeds — John R. Morris, 1921. 

Surrogate — Frederic Beggs, 1925. 

Auditor and Comptroller — George F. Schmidt, 1921. 

County Treasurer — George W. Botbyl. 1921. 
• Circuit Justice — James F. Minturn. 1922. 

Circuit Judge— George S. Silz&r, 1922. 

County Judge — William W. Watson. 1922. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Michael Dunn, 1921. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — Munson Force. 

County Counsel — Frederick W. Van Blarcom, 1921. 

County Physician— Robert R. Armstrong. 

County Engineer — Garwood Ferguson, 1921. 

Jury Commissioner — Charles A. Bergen. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Harry Rosenfelt. 

Chief Probation Officer — Charles C. Scott. 

Coroners- — Martin J. Scanlan, John W. Haflfer, Peter Mason, 
all 1923. 

County Election Board — Stephen Dawson, Rep.. 1922 ; 
Matthew A. Pierce, Dem.. 1922 ; John Grimshaw, Jr.. Rep., 
1921 ; John C. Cluney, Dem., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Robert Sinclair. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — John M. Morrison. 
County Institutions — ■ 

County Lunatic Asylum and Almshouse. John G. Don- 
nelly, Supt. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday after the first day of 
January, fourth Tuesday in April and September. 



SALEM COUNTY. 

County Seat — Salem. 

Sheriff- A. K. Brandrifif. Rep., 1923. 
County Clerk — Walter P. Ballinger, 1924. 
Surrogate — Loren P. Plummer, 1922. 



454 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Treasurer — Richard B. Griscom, 1921. 

Circuit Justice — Cliarles C. Black, 1922. 

Circuit .Tudge — ^Ralpli W. E. Donges. 1927. 

County Judge — E. C. Waddington, 1921. 

Prosecutor ofi tlie Pleas^Daniel W. Beckley, 1925. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Howard C. Hitch- 
ner. 

County Solicitor— Howard B. Keasbey. 

County Engineer — Howard B. Keasbey. 

County Physician — Dr. R. M. A. Davis. 

Jury Commissioner — Isaac S. Smick. 

Chief Probation Officer — William T. Galloway. 

Coroners— B. Noel Gross, 1921 ; Oscar R. Denn, 1923 ; 
Robert C. Cole, 1923. 

County Election Board— F. H. Lloyd. Rep., 1922; Edwin 
B. Moore, Rep., 1921 ; James J. Sullivan, Dem., 1922 ; Harry 
Blitzstein, Dem.. 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders— Harry P. Gray. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Erwin G. Ochs. 
County Institutions — 

Salem County Almshouse. .James M. Newell, Steward. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in April. September and 
December. 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

County Seat — Somerville. 

Sheriff — Bogart T. Conkling. Rep.. 1922. 

County Clerk — Frederic N. Voorhees, 1923. 

Register of Deeds — None. 

Surrogate— Calvin D. McMurtry, 1923. 

County Treasurer — Edwin Garretson. 

Circuit Justice— Charles W. Parker, 1921. 

Circuit Judge— George S. Silzer, 1922. 

County Judge — Frank L. Cleary, 1925. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Azariah M. Beekman. 1925. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Tleas — Francis L. Bergen. 

County Solicitor — Clarence E. Case. 

County Engineer — Joshua Doughty. Jr. 

Jury Commissioner — Eugene V. Cruser. 

Chief Probation Officer — Marshall H. Johnson. 

Coroners— Henry De Mott, 1922 : Robert B. Garrabrant. 
1922. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Melvin H. Cleaves. 

County Election Board — Timothy W. O'Brien. Dem., 1921 ; 
Joseph M. Darabruskin, Rep.. 1922 ; Frank T. Kolbck. Dem., 
1922; Julius J. Stahl. Rep., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders— Frank W. Remsen. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — William S. Woodruff. 

Terms of Court — Second Tuesday in April, third Tuesday 
in September and December. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 455 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 
County Scat — Newton. 

Sheriff — Linus B. Littell, Rep., 192.3. . 

County Clerk — Harvey S. Hopkins, 1922. 

Surrogate — Emmet H. Bell, 1923. 

County Treasurer — John R. Cornell, 1922. 

Circuit Justice — James F. Minturn, 1922. 

Circuit Judge — George S. Silzer, 1022. 

County Judge — Allen R. Shay, 1921. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Lewis Van Blarcom, 1922. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — R. Lee Slater. 

County Solicitor — Henry T. Kays. 

County Engineer— Harvey Snook. 

Road Supervisor — Leon C. McKeon. 

Jury Commissioner — Alfred D. Snook, 1921. 

Chief Probation Officer — Harry E. Demarest. 

Coroners — Levi Paugh, 1921 ; Edwin Drake. 1922 ; James 
W. Mills, 1923. 

County Election Board — William S. Percy. Rep., 1921 ; 
Joseph G. Coleman, Rep., 1922 ; Floj'd C. Devore, Dem., 
1922; Harry E. Cortright, Dem., 1921. 

Director IBoard of Freeholders — Robert M. Smith. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — William S. Vought. 
County Institutions — 

County Farm and Almshouse, Branchville. John La Forge, 
Steward. 

Terms of Court — Third Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

UNION COUNTY. 

County Seat — Elizabeth. 

Sheriff — George H. Johnston, Rep., 1923. 

Under-Sheriff — Harry Simons, 1923. 

County Clerk — William B. Martin, 1921. 

Deputy County Clerk — Charles N. Runyon, 1921. 

Register ofl Deeds — Edward Bauer, 1923. 

Deputy Register of Deeds — William Helmstadter, 1923. 

Surrogate — Charles N. Codding, 1922. 

Deputy Surrogate — Waters B. Parrot, 1922. 

County Treasurer — Nathan Leavitt. 

Circuit Justice — James J. Bergen, 1921. 

Circuit Judge — George S. Silzer, 1922. 

County Judge— Carlton B. Pierce, 1923. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Walter L. Hetfield, Jr., 1923. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas — Donald H. McLean. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Isaac Seeley, 

County Solicitor — Francis J. Blatz. 

15 



456 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Engineer — Jacob Tj. Bauer. 

County Physician — Frank W. Westcott. 

Jury Commissioner — Christopher J. Tipper. 

Chief Probation Officer — Charles W. Irwin. 

Coroners — Harry Van Doren, 1921 ; Watts J. R. Knowles, 
1922; Thomas F. Higgins, 1923. 

County Election Board — William J. Seeland, Rep., 1921 ; 
John F. Ryan, Dem., 1921 ; David S. Dunavan, Rep., 1922 ; 
Frederick Zior, Dem., 1922. 

Director Board of Freeholders — George G. Teller. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders — Benjamin King. 
County Institutions — 

Bonnie Burn Sanatorium (Tuberculosis). John E. Run- 
nells, M.D., Supt. 

Terms of Court — First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

WARREN COUNTY. 

County Seat — Phillipsburg. 

Sherifie— Thomas H. Hayes, Dem., 1923. 

County Clerk — Ramsey Reese, 1925. 

Surrogate — Charles G. Smith, 1924. 

County Treasurer — Henry O. Carhart. 

Circuit Justice — Thomas W. Trenchard. 

Circuit Judge — George S. Silzer. 

County Judge — J. I. Blair Reiley. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas — Wm. A. Stryker. 

Clerk of Grand Jury — Clarence Walters. 

Superintendent Weights and Measures — Abram Raub. 

County Solicitor — Egbert Rosencrans. 

County Engineer — Harry W. \ etter. 

County Physician — G. Wyckoff Cummins. 

Jury Commissioner — George T. Potts. 

Supervisor of Roads — Peter A. Lynch. 

Chief Probation Officer — James E. Smith (office Phillips- 
burg). 

Coroners — Peter F. Hagerty, 1922 ; J. Russell Doyle, 1922 ; 
Edward Brill, 1923. 

County Election Board — James P. Shurts, Dem., 1922 ; 
Frank J. Alpaugh, Dem., 1921 ; James R. Dick, Rep., 1922 ; 
Maurice E. Beesley, Rep., 1921. 

Director Board of Freeholders — Albert B. Craig. 

Clerk Board of Freeholders— Morris S. Faust. 
County Institutions — 

Almshouse. Edward Butler, Steward. 

Terms of Court — Fourth Tuesday in April, fourth Tuesday 
In September and the first Tuesday after the fourth Tuesday 
in December. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 457 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President — Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey. 

Vice-President — Thomas R. Marshall, of Indiana. 

Secretary of State — Bainbridge Colby, of New York. 

Secretary of the Treasury — David Franklin Houston, of 
Missouri. 

Secretary of War — Newton D. Baker, of Ohio. 

Attorney-General — A. Mitchell Palmer, Pennsylvania. 

Postmaster-General — Albert Sidney Burleson, of Texas. 

Secretary of the Navy — Josephus Daniels, of North Caro- 
lina. 

Secretary of the Interior — John Barton Payne, of Illinois. 

Secretary of Agriculture — Edwin Thomas Meredith, of 
Iowa. 

Secretary of Commerce — Joshua Willis Alexander, of 
Missouri. 

Secretary of Labor — William Bauchop Wilson, of Penn- 
sylvania. 

President Elect — Warren G. Harding, of Ohio. 

Vice President Elect — Calvin Coolidge, of Massachusetts. 

Chief Justice of Supreme Court — Edward Douglas White, 
of Louisiana. 

Associate Justices — Joseph McKenna, of California ; 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Massachusetts ; ^William R. Day, 
of Ohio ; Willis Van Devanter, of Wyoming ; Mahlon Pit- 
ney, of New Jersey ; James Clark McReynolds, of Tennessee ; 
Louis D. Brandeis, of Massachusetts ; John Hessin Clarke, 
of Ohio. 

SIXTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. 

(1921-23.) 

New Jersey Members. 

Senators — Walter E. Edge, R., 1925 ; Joseph S. Freling- 
huysen, R., 1923. 

Representatives — First district, Frank F. Patterson, Jr., 
R. ; Second district, Isaac Bacharach, R. ; Third district, 
T. Frank Appleby, R. ; Fourth district, Elijah C. Hutohin- 
son, R. ; Fifth district, Ernest R. Ackerman, R. ; Sixth dis- 
trict, Randolph Perkins, R. ; Seventh district. Amos H. Rad- 
cliffe. R. : Eighth district, Herbert W. Taylor, R. ; Ninth 
district, R. Wayne Parker, R. ; Tenth district, Frederick R. 
Lehlbach, R. ; Eleventh district, Archibald E. Olpp, R. ; 
Twelfth district, Charles F. X. O'Brien, D. 



458 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 



(1789 to date.) 

FOR NEW JERSEY. 

The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brunswick, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 



DISTRICT 

David Brearley 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington, 1817 

William Rossell 1826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 

Philemon Dickerson. .. .1841 

Richard S. Field 1863 

John T. Nixon 1870 

Edward T. Green 1889 



JUDGES. 

Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1896 
William M. Lannlng. . .1904 

Joseph Cross 1905 

John Rellstab 1909 

Thomas G. Haight. .1914-'16 
J. Warren Davis. . .1916-'20 

Charles F. Lynch 1919 

Joseph L. Bodlne 1920 



CLERKS. 



Jonathan Dayton 1789 

Andrew Kirkpatrick . . . 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

William Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

EdwLrd N. Dickerson. . 1844 
Philemon Dickerson, Jr.l853 



Andrew Dutcher 1862 

Ralph H. Shreve 1863 

E. Mercer Shreve 1868 

Robert C. Bellville 1871 

William S. Bellville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 

George T, Cranmer 1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 1789 

John Heard 1802 

Oliver Barnett 1802 

Oliver W. Ogden 1808 

Robert S. Kennedy 1849 

George H. Nelden 1853 

Benijah Deacon 1866 

W. Budd Deacon 1868 



Samuel Plummer 1869 

Robert L. Hutchinson.. 1877 

W. Budd Deacon 1882 

A. E. Gordon 1886 

W. Budd Deacon 1889 

George Pfeiffer 1893 

Thomas J. Alcott 1897 

Albert Bollschweiler 1914 



DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 



Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1782 

Lucias H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph Mcllvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. Green 1837 

William Halsted. 1849 

(Tarrit S. Cannon 1853 

Anthony Q. Keasbey . . . 1861 
Job H. Lippincott 1886 



Samuel F. Bigelow 1887 

George S. Duryea 1888 

Henry S. White 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 

John B. Vreeland 1903 

J. Warren Davis 1913 

Charles P. Lynch 1916 

Joseph L. Bodine 1919 

Elmer H. Geran 1920 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS. 459 

PRESENT OFFICIALS. 



Circuit Justice — Mahlon Pitney. 

Circuit Judges — Joseph Buffiington, Victor B. Wooley, J. 
Warren Davis. 

District Court Judges — John Rellstab, Charles F. Lynch, 
Joseph L. Bodine. 

District Attorney — EJmer H. Geran ; First Assistant, 
Samuel Kessler ; Second Assistant, Frederic Pearse. 

Marshal — Albert Bolschweiler. 

Chief Deputy Marshal — Woodbury B. Snowden. 

District Court Clerk — George T. Cranmer. 

Deputy Clerks — Benjamin F. Havens, Charles S. Chevrier, 
Robert B. Chevrier, William B. Reilly. 

Internal Revenue Collectors — 

First District — Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, 
Cumberland, Gloucester, Mercer, Monmouth, Ocean and 
Salom Counties. Collector — Samuel Iredell ; oflSce, Camden. 

Fifth District — Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mid- 
dlesex, Morris, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union and War- 
ren Counties. Collector — Charles V. Duffy ; oflace, Newark. 

Internal Revenue Agent — George Mallen ; headquarters, 
Newark. 

Prohibition Director — George W. Van Note. 

Referees in Bankruptcy — Clarence L. Cole, Atlantic City ; 
S. Conrad Ott, Camden ; Charles M. Mason, Newark ; George 
W. W. Porter, Newark ; George R. Beach, Jersey City ; Elmer 
W. Demarest, Jersey City ; Samuel D. Oliphant, Trenton ; 
Adrian Lyon, Perth Amboy ; Charles H. Butcher, Freehold ; 
Frank Van Cleve, Paterson ; Atwood L. DeCoster, Summit ; 
Albert R. McAllister, Bridgeton. 

United States Commissioners in New Jersey — James D. 
Carton, Asbury Park ; Henry W. Lewis, Atlantic City ; 
Charles V. D. Joline, Camden ; Frank J. Pfaff, Elizabeth ; 
Patrick H. Maley, Hackensack ; Samuel A. Besson, Edward 
R. Stanton, Hoboken : James D. Carpenter, Jr., John Wahl 
Queen, Jersey City ; Ralph W. Haines, Mount Holly ; Samuel 
I. Kessler. John A. Matthews, James F. Mooney, Newark ; 
John P. Kirkpatrick, New Brunswick ; James Fexjney, Pat- 
erson : John A. Delaney, Perth Amboy ; W. H. Jeffery, Toms 
River ; Richard S. Wilson, Trenton. 

SALARIES UNITED STATES OFFICIALS. 

President of the United States, $75,000 -and an allowance 
of $25,000 for traveling expenses. 

Vice President and Cabinet Members, $12,000. 

Chief Justice Supreme Court, $15,000 ; Associate Justices, 
$14,500. 

United States Senators and Congressmen, $7,500, with 
mileage and allowance for clerk hire : Circuit Court Judges, 
$8,500 ; District Court Judges, $7,500 ; District Attorney, 
$5,000 : Marshal, $3,000 ; Chief Deputy, $2,260 : District 
Court Clerk, $4,500; Internal Revenue Collector — First Dis- 
trict, $5,500; fifth, $6,000. 



460 TIMK OF HOLDING COURTS. 



TIME OF HOLDING COURTS. 

The Court of Chancery — No stated terms. 

The Supreme Court meets on the third Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, the first Tuesday in June and the first Tuesday in 
November. 

,The Court of Errors and Appeals meets on the first 
Tuesday in March, the third Tuesday in June and the third 
Tuesday in November. 

The Court of Pardons meets on the first Tuesday in 
March, the third Tuesday in June and the third Tuesday 
in November. 

The United States District Court meets at Newark on the 
first Tuesdays in April and 'November, and at Trenton on 
the third Tuesday in January and second Tuesday in Sep- 
tember each year. 

United States Court of Appeals meets first Tuesday in 
March and the first Tuesday in October. 

CIRCUITS OF NEW JERSEY. 

The Supreme Court Circuits of New Jersey are divided 
as follows : 

1st District — Cape May, Cumberland, Salem and Atlantic. 
Justice Black. 

2d District — Gloucester and Camden. Justice Katzen- 
bach. 

3d District — Monmouth, Burlington and Ocean. Justice 
Kalisch. 

4th District — Mercer, Hunterdon and Warren. Justice 
Trenchard. 

5th District — Middlesex and Union. Justice Bergen. 

6th District — Somerset, Morris and Bergen. Justice 
Parker. 

7th District— Essex. Chief Justice Gummere. 

8th District — Hudson. Justice Swayze. 

9th District — Passaic and Sussex. Justice Minturn. 

For time of holding county courts, see County Directory. 

CIRCUIT COURT JUDGES' ASSIGNMENTS. 

Judge Donges — Atlantic, Burlington, Cape May, Glouces- 
ter. Salem and Cumberland. 

Judge Silzer — Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union and War- 
ren. 

Judge Lloyd — Camden, Ocean, Mercer and Middlesex. 

.Judge Mountain — Essex. 

Judge Dungan — Essex. 

Judge Campbell — Hudson. 

Judge Speer — Hudson. 

Judge Cutler — Essex, Bergen, Hudson, Hunterdon, Morris 
and Monmouth. 



Election returns. 461 



NEW JERSEY ELECTION RETURNS. 

OFFlClAli— 1920. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

Elec- CoBl-^ 

, — tors— ^ ,^-gress-^ 



Abseeon City 265 169 176 242 

Atlantic City — 

1 Ward 3390 976 1006 3235 

2 Ward 2816 552 528 2726 

3 Ward 3247 586 591 3067 

4 Ward 3924 1089 1114 3684 

Total vote 13377 3203 3239 12712 

Buena Vista Twp.- 565 103 98 520 

East Atlantic City 8 4 4 8 

Egg Harbor City 789 102 114 755 

Egg Harbor Twp 443 151 156 385 

Folsom Bor 46 20 16 45 

Galloway Twp 376 177 170 335 

Hammonton Town 1008 305 300 872 

Hamilton Twp 529 211 206 491 

I>indwood 164 57 72 137 

Longport 39 36 34 37 

Margate City 77 37 44 68 

Mullica Twp 293 71 71 234 

Northfield City 206 110 110 172 

Pleasantville 1514 524 662 1254 

Port Republic 126 43 60 96 

Somers Point 284 114 105 254 

Ventnor City 910 206 208 864 

Weymouth 226 110 96 214 

Total vote, county 21245 5753 5941 



462 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY— Continued, 
/ Assembly— 



Absecon City 163 

Atlantic City— 

1 Ward 1034 

2 Ward 540 

3 Ward 595 

4 Ward 1104 

Total vote 

Buena Vista Twp 

East Atlantic City ... 

Egg Harbor City 

Egg Harbor Twp 

Folsom Bor 

Galloway Twp 

Hammonton Town .... 

Hamilton Twp. 

Lindwood 

Longport 

Margate City 

Mullica Twp 

Northfleld City 

Pleasantville 

Port Republic 

Somers Point 

Ventnor City 

Weymouth 

Total vote, County, 

Electors— Sing. Tax, 1' 
18; Soc. Lab., 15. 
Congress — Soc, 70. 



Hi 
169 



258 



.2 « 

o 
249 



>:a 



156 



980 3160 



576 
1064 



3026 
3711 



"2 ^ 



3102 750 3479 

2635 413 2825 

2990 438 3226 

3653 757 4150 



3273 


3142 


12587 


12380 


2358 


13680 


103 


103 


527 


517 


105 


522 


3 


3 


9 


8 


3 


9 


97 


100 


710 


757 


105 


758 


144 


145 


419 


407 


141 


450 


17 


17 


42 


42 


16 


43 


186 


177 


3-41 


328 


175 


352 


330 


403 


889 


. 848 


271 


968 


198 


203 


502 


488 


177 


544 


64 


70 


143 


137 


47 


165 


34 


34 


38 


38 


35 


38 


43 


42 


76 


71 


40 


79 


52 


55 


311 


275 


53 


286 


107 


99 


168 


149 


87 


197 


657 


629 


1351 


1310 


454 


1576 


45 


46 


106 


99 


40 


119 


108 


102 


277 


270 


93 


280 


245 


229 


804 


792 


150 


927 


105 


105 


211 


203 


92 


225 


5974 


5873 


19769 


19272 


4598 


21479 


i; Soc., 


390; 


Nat. Pro., 287; 


; Far. 


Lab., 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



463 



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ELECTION RETURNS. 



465 



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ELECTION RETURNS. 



BURLINGTON COUNTY. 



Elec- Con- Assem- 
, — tors — > , — gress — . ,. bly ^ /—Sheriffs 



S& .aS ^, & .5 3 6£d. Sa 

A -aO) eS<U Ji^O) iA<0 bo* «« 

a a =^c2 cQ "Sai ^a «Q3 ^Q 

Bass River Twp 64 103 57 100 64 97 64 107 

Beverly City 653 251 614 217 590 262 518 376 

Beverly Twp 787 322 636 462 783 289 551 620 

Bordentowu City — 

1 Ward 604 274 528 273 585 223 540 288 

2 Ward 292 283 269 241 259 254 256 278 

3 Ward 185 167 173 142 156 157 160 169 

Total vote 1081 724 970 656 1000 634 956 735 

Bordentown Twp 147 27 125 34 136 27 126 37 

Burlington City — 

1 Ward 360 202 .372 167 348 168 273 294 

2 Ward 595 238 571 221 555 238 403 433 

3 Ward 370 254 364 181 322 225 276 339 

4 Ward 675 209 619 200 613 203 461 427 

Total vote 2000 903 1926 869 1835 834 1413 1493 

Burlington Twp 375 106 314 140 370 380 180 301 

Chester Twp 1898 629 1701 726 2044 467 1827 671 

Chesterfield Twp 290 93 249 80 267 68 242 101 

Cinnaminson Twp 269 139 259 121 272 116 281 130 

Delran Twp 184 131 131 143 183 107 146 162 

Eastampton Twp 127 63 108 63 111 65 108 79 

Evesham Twp 240 140 197 152 272 99 232 142 

Fieldsboro Twp 130 73 115 59 115 58 116 62 

Florence Twp 1446 367 1388 283 1355 316 1226 537 

Lumberton Twp 425 129 388 131 420 100 402 147 

Mansfield Twp 325 188 272 201 337 160 238 275 

Medford Twp 499 201 442 195 492 156 4.54 222 

Mount Laurel Twp 335 202 280 196 361 161 302 218 

New Hanover 90 51 62 48 68 42 74 45 

North Hanover Twp. ... 160 79 130 89 148 75 144 87 

Northampton Twp 1750 649 1603 647 1727 553 1558 844 

Palmyra Twp 1110 348 883 450 1106 2.56 958 474 

Pemberton Bor 210 132 201 114 213 95 206 124 

Pemberton Twp 268 130 256 100 266 85 250 118 

Riverside Twp 860 4.54 867 374 743 469 837 514 

Riverton Bor 907 211 820 225 917 153 958 161 

Shamong Twp 97 56 75 59 90 49 92 54 

Southampton Twp 343 254 .319 235 365 219 326 66 

Springfield Twp 200 144 1.56 145 217 99 116 222 

Tabernacle Twt 73 38 63 .38 72 32 71 32 

Washington Twp 146 34 104 52 97 24 96 52 

Westampton Twp 136 43 117 44 140 26 121 59 

Willingboro Twp 120 53 82 73 126 41 57 121 

Wrightstown Bor 82 36 49 34 61 27 53 44 

Woodland Twp 71 29 57 26 66 23 63 25 

Total vote. County .. 17898 7532 16016 748117429 6364 15472 9454 

Electors— Sing. Tax, 16; Soc, 229; Nat. Pro., 318; Far. Lab., 32; Soc. 

Lab.. 16. Congress— Soc. 36; Ind.. 12. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



4G7 



CAMDEN COUNTY. 

CoDi^ress Congress 

Full Unexpired 

,— Electors— ^ ( — Term — , , — Term — » 



c a 

_■ Z% SSi:5 S3 

Audubon Bor 1145 457 1122 415 1101 397 

Barring ton Bor 290 137 246 S3 251 89 

Berlin Twp 521 201 514 lv6 51:? 185 

Center Twp 744 242 T-'5 227 713 217 

Chpsilhurst Twp 95 11 94 11 93 11 

rolliDffswoori Twp 2S06 743 2636 697 2.59S 692 

Clementon Twp 922 329 910 2S0 8S9 277 

Camden City — 

1 Ward 1716 812 16^8 760 16^2 759 

2 Ward 2140 SH2 2047 ^"..-J -o;;6 835 

3 Ward 7n2 265 770 251 767 243 

4 Ward 1015 452 977 412 973 410 

5 Ward 1516 6::S 14«;2 602 1471 5^87 

6 Ward 1474 769 ir;9S 716 1402 703 

7 Ward IPSO 674 1876 6-'0 18-0 610 

8 Ward 1425 665 1352 641 1350 651 

9 Ward 1814 965 1674 V78 1671 872 

10 Ward 2u96 1147 l^^Oe 1080 1^69 1067 

11 Ward 1-69 649 1154 558 1143 555 

12 Ward 1617 1024 1475 957 14^7 957 

13 Ward 2071 1038 1952 993 1948 984 

14 Ward 9:;0 548 866 479 874 4s2 

Total vote 21«:05 10.5.38 20567 9800 20.503 9715 

Delaware Twp 452 173 425 152 411 147 

Gloucester Cit\ — 

1 Ward 1277 833 1216 767 1216 778 

2 Ward 1604 1325 1^67 1232 1477 1253 

Total Tofe 2'iSl 2158 26«3 1999 2693 2031 

Gloucester Twp 626 336 593 2.Q3 594 2s;2 

Haddonfield Bor 2134 372 2032 308 2031 305 

HarMon Heights Bor... 99s L'68 fl66 2<0 959 240 

Haddon Twp 740 216 748 187 7-52 186 

laurel Springs Bor 2.53 102 241 87 23>: 82 

Magnolia Bor 283 126 2.50 118 251 118 

Merchantville Bor. ... 892 254 718 222 121 213 

Oaklvn Bor :;07 109 271 96 26S 96 

Pensaukeu Twp 1530 4.56 1465 397 1457 396 

Voorbees Twp 2.50 165 232 143 226 139 

Waterford Twi) 2.58 87 231 89 234 77 

Wiuslow Twp 532 1.52 .504 122 495 123 

Woodlyn Bur 307 261 221 330 215 329 

Total TOte, County, 40771 17893 38394 16482 38205 16347 

Electors— Sing. Tax. 22: Soc, 2467; Nat. Pro., 725; Far. Lab., 
71; Soc. Lab., 138. Congress— Nat. Pro.. 1996; Soc, 1922; Non- 
Part. League. 439. Congress (Vacani-v) — Nat Pro.. 2123. Sen- 
ator—Non-Part. League. 428; Soc, 2164. Assembly— Non-Part. 
League, 465; Soc, 2171. Sheriff— Soc, 1987. County Clerk — Non- 
Part. League, 524; Soc, 2131. 



468 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



J 



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ELECTION RETURNS. 



469 



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470 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



CAPE MAY COUNTY. 



Elec- 
-tors- 



Con- 
, — gress — , 



Assem- 
— bly— 



C3 a J 3 ^,0. 

ft a o£2 aa -iOci 

« o cj'-' g'^ ca*^ 

Avalon 88 24 87 16 21 

Cape May City 771 317 640 379 377 

Cape May Point 45 16 39 15 18 

Dennis Twp 130 236 204 232 243 

Lower Twp 367 139 255 185 171 

Middle Twp 700- 295 571 351 362 

North Wildwood— 

1 Ward 229 139 228 103 174 

2 Ward 130 39 111 40 80 

Total vote 359 178 339 143 254 

Ocean City — 

1 Ward 

2 Ward 

Total vote 

Sea Isle City — 

1 Ward 

2 Ward 

Total vote 166 77 160 70 80 

South Cape May 11 9 7 9 11 

Stone Harbor 153 42 147 39 43 

Upper Twp 432 94 374 196 98 

West Cape May 332 105 248 158 146 

West Wildwood 56 2 56 2 2 

Wildwood — 

1 Ward 409 117 381 123 210 

2 Ward 282 65 255 50 113 

3 Ward 254 126 233 128 179 

Total vote 

Wildwood Crest 

Woodbine 

Total vote. County 5785 2199 5080 2444 2770 

Elector— Sing. Tax, 3; Soc, 107; Nat. Pro., 77; Far. Lab., 3; 
Lab., 2. Congress — Soc, 16. 



^ v 

03 Q 

M 

79 
651 

37 
210 
303 
570 

168 



245 



515 
429 


87 
164 


460 
369 


98 
170 


84 
147 


510 
424 


944 


251 


829 


268 


231 


934 


43 
123 


23 
54 


46 
114 


18 
52 


26 
54 


33 
108 



142 
396 



304 
203 
195 



954 


308 


869 


301 


502 


702 


92 


33 


85 


39 


67 


61 


94 


73 


170 


41 


144 


66 



Soc. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



471 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 
Electors Congress Assembly Sheriff 









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